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Full text of "New England families, genealogical and memorial; a record of the achievements of her people in the making of commonwealths and the founding of a nation;"

Gc GENEALOGY COUL-ECTION 

974 
C98n 
V.2 
1152401 ; 



3 1833 01086 4384 




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NEW ENGLAND 
FA M 1 L I E S 

GENEALOGICAL AND MEMORIAL 



A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of 
Commonwealths and the Founding of a Nation 



COMPILED UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

WILLIAM RICHARD CUTTER, A.M. 



CORRESPONDING SECRETARY AND HISTORIAN OF THE NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC-GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY; 

LIBRARIAN EMERITUS OF WOBURN PUBLIC LIBRARY; AUTHOR OF "THE 

CUTTER FAMILY," "HISTORY OF ARLINGTON," ETC. 



C^c- VOLUME II 




ILLUSTRATED 



NEW YORK 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1913 



1152401 

NEW ENGLAND 



The name Ilackett is of great 
HACKETT antiquity in England, and is 

found in both the Domesday 
Book and the Hundred Rolls. It is a well- 
known corruption of Harcourt, a town and 
ancient chateau in Normandy, which gave title 
to the French Dues de Harcourt. Various 
branches of this family, all bearing coats-of- 
arms, lived in the counties of Warwick, Buck- 
ingham and Kent, England, and the counties 
of Carlow and Wicklow, Ireland. 

(I) Captain William Hackett, the immi- 
grant ancestor, came from England and set- 
tled in Salisbury. Massachusetts. He is sup- 
posed to have been that "Will Hackett" who 
received a grant of land at Dover in 1656. and 
was taxed at Cocheco. 1657-58. Subsequently 
he sold this land and removed to Exeter and 
later to Salisbury, where he owned land and 
lived until his death in 1713. He was a mariner 
and had the title of captain. In 1671 he com- 
manded the sloop "Indeavour," of Salisbury. 
In May of that year he took a conspicuous part 
in the first recorded jury trial in New Jersey. 
At this time he was tried upon a charge of 
illegal trading, and conducted his own defense 
with great ability. He presented fourteen 
'grounds for acquittal, and the jury "after a 
second and third going-forth" declared that 
"the matter committed to them is of too great 
weight for them." and were discharged. A 
second jury, however, promptly found him 
guilty and declared his sloop forfeited. He 
married, at Salisbury, January 31. 1667. Sarah, 
daughter of Thomas and Eleanor Barnard, 
born September 28, 1647-48. died September 
10, 1717-18. He died March 6. 1712-13. Chil- 
dren : Sarah, born February 8. 1667-68 : John, 
born at Amesbury, April 15, 1669; Mary, born 
at Exeter. June 19, 1671 ; Rebecca, married. 
August 5. 1695. Jonathan Whiting or Whid- 
den, of Portsmouth ; children, born at Salis- 
bury : Katharine, baptized September 9, 1705. 
adult: Ephraim. born March 7. 1679-80; Will- 
iam, March 10. 1682-83; Judah, January 2. 
1684-85 ; Ebenezer. mentioned below. 

(II) Ebenezer. son of Captain \\'illiam 



Hackett, was born at Salisbury, October 17, 
1687, and married. December. 1709, Hannah, 
daughter of Jarvis Ring. February 7, 1719, 
the father Ebenezer and si.x children were bap- 
tized in the First Church at Sahsbury. Ebe- 
nezer Hackett and his wife conveyed to Samp- 
son Underbill, of Salisbury, for 105 pounds, 
homestead, barn, dwelling house and all land 
adjoining, about thirty-five acres. Children, 
the first six baptized February 7, 1719-20: 
Mary; Ephraim; Ebenezer; Daniel, died June 
10, 1724, aged eleven; Sarah; Moses; Eliza- 
beth, baptized July 16, 1721 ; Mary, baptized 
September 21, 1728; Ebenezer, mentioned 
below. 

(Ill) Ebenezer (2), son of Ebenezer (i), 
Hackett, was born at Salisbury. September 27,, 
1730. and married. March 24, 1752, Abigail, of 
Newbury, daughter of Caleb and Abigail 
Emery. He removed from Newbury to GofTs- 
town. New Hampshire, after February i, 
1756. and before February 29, 1760, as shown 
by land deeds. It appears from other deeds 
that he was an enterprising trader and bought 
lands to resell. He is called a tanner by occu- 
pation. He remained in GoiTstown until 1764. 
in which year he, with the inhabitants of that 
and neighboring towns, petitioned for the right 
to "fish with a scoop or dip nets" in the Merri- 
mack. It is probable that he lived in Dunbar- 
ton. New Hampshire, from 1774 to 1793. and 
served the town in various offices ; moderator, 
1790; selectman. 1774-80-82-83-85-86-89-90 
and 93. He also in 1787 claimed rights in the 
common lands of Dunbarton. and in 1789 pur- 
chased one of the highest priced pews in the 
meeting house there. He served in the Revo- 
lution, with his son Daniel in Captain Samuel 
McConnell's company. Colonel Daniel Moore's 
regiment, mustered September 26, 1776. from 
Pembroke, New Hampshire. At that time 
they were not new recruits, but were raised 
(evidently by volunteering, because they were 
paid a bounty,) out of Colonel Moore's regi- 
ment. It is probable that they had enlisted 
before that time, and served in the battle of 
Bunker Hill. Children of Ebenezer. recorded 



S02 



NEW EX(iLA.\D. 



at Xevvbury: Daniel, of whom further; 
Aloses, July'24, 1755. 

(IV) Daniel, son of Ebenezer (2) Hackett, 
was born at Xewbury, May 25, 1753, and mar- 
ried Hannah Colby, who died April 30, 1854, 
aged ninety-eight years. He served in the 
Revolution. It is supposed that he enlisted in 
Colonel Daniel Moore's regiment from Pem- 
broke, New Hampshire, and was at the battle 
of Bunker Hill. He and his father were paid 
for services on "A Muster and Pay Roll of the 
bounty and traveling money of the men raised, 
mustered and paid by Colonel Daniel Moore 
out of his regiment to march to New York 
agreeable to a late requisition the 26th day of 
September, A. D., 1776." His is the ninth 
name on the list, and he was then from Pem- 
broke or vicinity. In the Census of Pension- 
ers, 1841, there is mention of Daniel Hackett. 
of Tunbridge, Orange county, ^'ermont, aged 
eighty-seven years, the record being dated June 
I. 1840. He removed from Dunbarton to 
Tunbridge about 1788, in the spring, and 
spent the summer in clearing a lot of land and 
building a log hut. The following year he 
removed his family thither, and lived there for 
the rest of his Hf'e. He died July 11, 1841. 
Children : George : John ; Ephraim, mentioned 
below ; Ebenezer. 

(V) Ephraim, son of Daniel Hackett, mar- 
ried Mary Corwin. He died May 7, 1864. 
Child : James, mentioned below. 

(VI) James, son of Ephraim Hackett, mar- 
ried, June 3, 1838, Hannah Hoyt Richardson. 
He died September 8, 1840. Child: Corcelius 
Hubbard, mentioned below. 

(VII) Corcelius Hubbard, eldest son of 
James Hackett, was born at Tunbridge, \'er- 
mont, April 20, 1839. He spent his early years 
on a farm, and became inured to all the hard- 
ships of the country boy of that day. He re- 
ceived his early education at the Union Acad- 
emy, Canaan, New Hampshire, and in i860 
entered Dartmouth College. Owing to ill 
health, however, he was obliged to leave before 
his graduation. On his return to health he 
became interested in mercantile pursuits, and 
entered business in Boston under the firm 
name of Miner. Real & Hackett. He remained 
there until 1882, when his health again failed 
and he retired. In 1885 he located in New 
York City, where he organized the house of 
Hackett, Carhart & Company. In that firm 
he has continued since as senior partner. In 
1903 he was elected president of the Bank of 
the Metropolis, and still holds that position, as 
well as that of director. He is also a director 
of the Lockhart Mills ; a trustee of the Bowery 
Savings Bank ; member of the Chamber of 
Commerce of New York : director and member 



of the New England Society ; member of the 
Sons of the American Revolution, the Museum 
of Art, Union League and Metropolitan Clubs. 
He is identified also with nimierous other fin- 
ancial, commercial and charitable enterprises. 
In politics he is a Republican, and in religion a 
Presbyterian. In 1903 Dartmouth College 
conferred upon him the honorary degree of A. 
M. In trade and finance he is broad, wise and 
enterprising. He combines the old conserva- 
tism with the progress of the age, and is in 
every respect a worthy example of the best 
type of successful American citizen. 

He married Helen L., daughter of Albert 
and Elizabeth Humphrey, of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, a descendant of Elder Brewster, and 
of others who were among the first settlers of 
the \\'eymouth Colony. Children: i. Harold 
Humphrey, born July 12, 1878, now a member 
of his father's firm ; married Harriet Jackson, 
1903 ; children : i. Harold Humphrey ; ii. Helen 
(irace. 2. Helen Grace, married Alden A. 
Thorndike, of Boston ; children : Helen, 
Thayer. I<:iizabeth. 

(The Richardson Line). 

( 1 ) William Richardson, the immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in England, about 1620, and 
came to America and settled in Newbury, 
Massachusetts, about 1640. He married, Au- 
gust 23, 1654, Elizabeth Wiseman, who sur- 
vived him, and married (second) September 
28, 1658, John Clifford, of Hampton, as his 
second wife. She died December I, 1667. 
William Richardson lived in what is now W'est 
Newbury, and died March 25, 1657. The in- 
ventory of estate to which his widow made 
oath, is dated March 30, 1657. Children : 
Joseph; Benjamin, March 13, 1657. 

(II) Joseph, son of William Richardson, 
was born May 18, 1655, at W^e.st Newbury, 
and married, July 12, 1681, Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Peter and Mary (Brown) Godfrey. She 
was born at Newbury, October 9, 1662. Her 
father, Peter Godfrey, of Newbury, married, 
May 13, 1656, Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Brown, and the first white child born in New- 
bury. She died April 16, 1716, in her eighty- 
first year. Peter died October 5. 1697, aged 
sixty-six years. They had three sons and six 
daughters. Joseph Richardson was a cord- 
wainer by trade. His will was made April 7. 
1724. and proved June i, 1724. His son \\"\\\- 
iam was made executor. C'hildren : William ; 
Joseph, mentioned below. 

(HI) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Rich- 
ardson, was born in Newbury, December 31, 
1686, and married, February 24, 1712, Ann 
Riggs. .\s early as 1725 he bought a one hun- 
dred acre lot in the new township of Chester, 




4,!Jlfj^^-^^Al/^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



503 



New Hampshire, but there is no evidence that 
he ever hved there. It is probable that he 
bought it for his sons who inherited it. He 
Hved in West Newbury on the road between 
Newburyport and Bradford about one-quarter 
of a mile from Brown's Springs. His will was 
made April 24. 1764, and proved April i, 1767. 
His wife is not mentioned in it. Child: XVill- 
iani, mentioned below. 

il\'] William (2). son of Joseph (2) Rich- 
ardson, was born December 19. 1719. and mar- 
ried, June 19, 1744, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Joshua and Elizabeth Sawyer (see Sawyer), 
and aunt of Esther Sawyer, who married \\'ill- 
iam Richardson, the younger. 

iV) William (3), son of William (2) Rich- 
ardson, was born in Newbury, March 8, 174'), 
and died in Canaan, New Hampshire, Febru- 
ary 25, 1829. He was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tion : second lieutenant in Captain Ezekiel 
( iiles' company. Colonel Stephen Peabody"s 
regiment, raised by New Hampshire for Con- 
tinental service in Rhode Island; enlisted Jan- 
uary I, 1778, discharged at Rhode Island, Jan- 
uary 6, 1779. It is supposed that he was the 
^\'iiliam Richardson from Hampstead, who 
was in Captain Hezekiah Hutchins' company 
I if volunteers, as corporal, which marched 
from Hampstead in September, 1777, to join 
the Northern Continental army at Saratoga. 
He settled in Canaan about 1780, with Moses 
Sawyer and thirty-seven others, "including the 
six Richardson Brothers," and in the New 
Hampshire Revolutionary Rolls, vol. ii, p. 487, 
is said to have come there from Hampstead. 
He married (first 1 Prudence Morse, who died 
.\pril 3, 1774. He married (second) Esther, 
daughter of Joshua Sawyer (see Sawyer). 
Children of the first wife: Jacob, born Feb- 
ruary 25, 1772; Edna, July 29, 1773: children 
of second wife, born in Hampstead : Ruha- 
niah. May 10, 1775; Nathaniel, January- 3, 
1779: Joshua, mentioned below. 

(VI) Joshua, son of AMlliam (3) Richard- 
son, was born in Canaan, New Hampshire. 
February 25, 1785, and married, P^ebruary 12, 
1812, Lois Hoyt, who was born January 4, 
1790. and died April 7, 1853. He died May 
22, 1869. They had a daughter; Hannah 
Hii>t. born at Canaan, September 26, 1813, 
died March 14, 1864, married lames Hackett, 
June 3, 1838. (See Hackett). " 

<The Emery Line). 

( I ) John Emery, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, September 29, 1598. He 
sailed from Southampton, April 3, 1635, with 
his brother Anthony, and their families, in the 
ship "James," of London, and landed in I'.os- 
ton, June 3, 1635. Soon afterwards he re- 



moved to Newbury, where he was made free- 
man, June 2, 1641, and in 1642 appointed with 
three others to make a valuation of all the 
property in the town for the purpose of pro- 
portioning each man's share in the new divi- 
sion. He became prominent in several relig- 
ious controversies of that time, and took a bold 
stand against anything in church or state that 
hampered the free will of the individual. On 
March 16, 1663, he was "presented to the 
court" at Ipswich for entertaining travelers 
and Quakers, and was eventually fined four 
pounds, costs and fees for so doing. He peti- 
tioned the court to remit the fine, and his peti- 
tion was signed by the selectmen and fifty of 
the citizens, but without result. He was also 
prominent in the case of Lieutenant Robert 
Pike, who in 1692 appeared in oppositioij to 
the witchcraft delusion. John Emery was one 
of fifteen persons who refused to apologize for 
petitioning the court to revoke the sentence 
against Pike, and was therefore required to 
give bonds. He was also a member of the 
Woodman faction in the famous ecclesiastical 
difiiculties of 1669 and 1670, which favored 
the right of a church to make rules and govern 
itself congregationally. In spite of his inde- 
pendence in these matters, John Emery was 
evidently a respected and trusted citizen. He 
was appointed to carry votes to Salem, and 
was chosen to the office of selectman. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary , who died in New- 
bury, April, 1649; (second). October 29, 1650. 
Mrs. Mary (Shatswell) Webster, widow of 
John Webster, of Ipswich. .She died April 
2S. i(j()4. He died in Newbury, November 3. 
i()S2. He was the son of John and Agnes 
l'"inery of Romsey, Hampshire county, Eng- 
land. 

(II) Jonathan, son of John Emery, was 
born in Newbury, May 13, 1652, and died Sep- 
tember 29, 1723. He married, November 29. 
1 076, Mary, daughter of Edward Woodman 
and Mary Goodridge, who w'ere married 
December 20, 1653. Her father, Edward 
\\'oodman, was one of the ninety-one grantees 
of the town of Newbury, settled 1635, and one 
of the fifteen who were entitled to the title of 
"Mr." He was a man of influence, decision 
and energy, and headed the faction of 1669- 
70. which opposed the attempt of Rev. Thomas 
Parker to change the mode of church govern- 
ment from Congregationalism to something 
like Presbyterianism. (See above). Mary 
^\■oodman died September 13, 1723. Jonathan 
Emery was "pressed" for service in King 
Philip's war, December 3, 1675, and was pres- 
ent at the great Narragansett fight, December 
19, i'i75. where he received a wound in the 
shoulder. 



504 



NP:\V ENGLAND. 



(Ill) Jonathan (2), son of Jonathan (i) 
Emery, was born February 2, 1680, and mar- 
ried Ruth, daughter of Caleb and Mary 
(Ladd) Richardson, born in Newbury, De- 
cember 4, 1683, died in Plaistow, New Hamp- 
shire, September 18, 1749. 

I IV) Caleb Emery, son of Jonathan Emery, 
married Abigail Simons, in Haverhill, July 2^, 
1730. 

(\') Abigail, daughter of Caleb Emery, 
was born in Amesbury, July 25, 1730, and 
married Ebenezer Hackett, March, 1752, (see 
Hackett ) . 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Emery, the 
immigrant, married Mary Webster, daughter 
of John and Mary (Shatswell), October 2, 
1648. October 29, 1650, his father married 
her mother, then the widow of John Webster. 
John Emery Jr. was styled Sergeant, and was 
made freeman in 1660. His will was made in 
1693. His oldest child, Mary, married Samuel 
Sawyer, of Newbury, March 13, 1671 (see 
Sawyer). 

(The Corwin Line). 

It is supposed that the name Corwin comes 
from the village of Corvinus, in \\'allachia, 
Turkey, on the river Danube, so named by one 
of the Greek emperors out of respect to Mar- 
cus Valerius Corvinus, a Roman consul and 
most worthy man. It is now common in Aus- 
tria and Germany. Some writers claim that 
the celebrated warrior, John Hunyadi Cor- 
vinus, commander in the great battle of Bel- 
grade, 1456, was from this village, and that his 
son Matthias Corvinus, the still more cele- 
brated king of Hungary, was the ancestor of 
the American immigrant Matthias Corwin. 

(I) Matthias Corwin, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England, between 1590 and 
1600, and was in Ipswich, Alassachusetts, in 
1634. He removed to New Haven and later 
to Southold, Connecticut. His wife was Mar- 
garet , and they had three children : 

John, mentioned below ; Martha ; and Theo- 
philus. 

(II) John, son of Matthias Corwin, was 
born in 1630, and died September 25, 1702. He 
married Mary, daughter of Charles Glover, 
February 4, 1658. and was made freeman of 
Connecticut, for Southold, 1662. In his will, 
dated November 26, 1700, he mentions sons: 
John, Matthias, Samuel ; and daughters : 
Sarah, Rebecca, Hannah, and Abigail. 

(III) Captain John (2) Corwin, son of 
John (i) Corwin, was born in 1663, and mar- 
ried, in 1698. Sarah . They lived in 

Southold, and he died December 13, 1*729. 
Their children were Benjamin, John, David, 
Sarah, Elizabeth and Hester. 

(IV) John (3), son of Captain John (2) 



Corwin, was born July 10, 1705, and died 
December 22, 1755. His will, dated Decem- 
ber 18, 1754, mentions his wife Elizabeth; 
sons : John, William, and James ; daughters : 
Elizabeth, and Sarah. 

(V ) John (4), son of John (3) Corwin, was 
born in 1735. and died December 22. 181 7. 
He married, March 20, 1755, Sarah Hubbard, 
born in 1731, died December 28, 1763. Her 
tombstone is in Mattituck. He inherited the 
homestead of his father in that place, and was 
an eminent deacon of the church there. His 
children were John, James, Joseph, Hubbard 
and Isaac. 

(\T) Hubbard, son of John (4) Corwin, 
was born in 1759, and baptized at Mattituck, 
August 16, 1761. He married Lydia Hazen, 
of Norwich Landing, Connecticut, born in 
1760, died April 13, 1833. He removed from 
Long Island to New England about 1790. He 
died in 1833. Children : Mary, mentioned 
below ; William ; John : Jabin ; James ; Sarah ; 
Philenia ; Hazen : Russell ; Lydia Spencer. 

(\'II) Mary, daughter of Hubbard Corwin, 
was born January 29, 1786, on Long Island, 
and died November 7, 1864. She married, 
January 5, 1808. Captain Ephraim Hackett. 
(see Hackett). 

(The Colby Line). 

( I ) Anthony Colby, the immigrant ancestor, 
was in Boston in 1630, and is supposed to 
have come with Winthrop. He took the free- 
man's oath at Cambridge, May 14, 1634, and 
was at Ipswich in 1637. Later he was of 
Salisbury and Amesbury, and received land 
in the first division in 1640. also in 1643. He 
was one of the first commoners of Amesbury, 
and received there in 1654 and '58, and his 
widow in his right, in 1662 and '64. He is 
called "Planter." His wife was Susanna 
, who married (second) William Whit- 
ridge, in 1663 or 1664. She was again a 
widow in 1669, and died July 8. 1689. He died 
February 11, 1660-61. Children: John, bap- 
tized September 8, 1632, at Boston ; Sarah, 
married, March 6, 1653, Orlando Bagley ; 
child, died young; Samuel, born about 1638; 
Isaac, born July 6, 1640; Rebecca, born March 
II, 1643: Mary, September 19. 1647: Thomas, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas, son of Anthony Colby, was 
born March 8, 1650-51, and married Septem- 
ber 16, 1674, Hannah, daughter of Valentine 
and granddaughter of Thomas Rowell. She 
survived him and married (second) about 
1691, Henry Blaisdell. He took the oath of 
allegiance and fidelity, December, 1677. Chil- 
dren : Thomas, mentioned below ; Hannah, 
living in 1700; Isaac, born about 1679; Abra- | 
ham, born after 1680; Jacob, April 13, 1688. 1 



NEW ENGI.AXD. 



505 



(III) Thomas (2). son of Thomas (n 
Colby, was born July i, 1675, and married 

Frances . He died June 4, 1741, and 

his estate was divided the following year. His 
widow was living in 1748. Children: Ezekiel, 
born April 12, 1699; Sarah, December 23, 
1700: Judith, May 22, 1703; Orlando, Febru- 
ary 3, 1705-06: Thomas. July 16. 1708: 
1 "ranees, November 17, 1710; Hannah, about 
1714: Nathaniel, January 10, 1715-16; Anne, 
March 28, 1718: Abraham, mentioned below; 
AVillebee, September 23, 1723. 

(IV) Abraham, son of Thomas (2) Colby, 
was born about 1720, and married, March 23, 
1741-43, Elizabeth Rlaisdell. He lived in 
Amesbury East Parish, and was living as late 
as 174T. He had a daughter Hannah, born 
December 14, 1755, married Daniel Hackett, 
(see Hackett). 

(The Sawyer Line). 

( I ) \VilIiam Sawyer, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born about 1613, and was one of the 
founders of the Baptist Church in Newbury, 
Massachusetts, 1682. He took the oath of 
allegiance in 1678. Administration on his 
estate was granted March I, 1703. He mar- 
ried Ruth . and had four sons and eight 

daughters. 

(II) Samuel, son of William Sawyer, was 
born at Newbury, November 23, 1646, and 
married, March 13, 1671, Mary, daughter of 
John Emery, of Newbury, (see Emery). He 
was freeman. May 12, 1675. ^"'1 '^ called lieu- 
tenant. He died at Newbury, February 11, 
1718, He had nine children, 

(III) Joshua, fourth son of Samuel Saw- 
der, was born at Newbury, February 2^. 1683, 
and died in 1758. His wife was Elizabeth 

. They had seven children, born in 

Newbury. 

( I\') Joshua (2). third child and second son 
of Joshua Sawyer, was born in Newbury, De- 
cember 14, 171 1, and married Esther . 

They had five son.!, and one daughter, Esther, 
born .'Kugust 24, 1755, died May 17, 1840, mar- 
ried AA^illiam Richardson of Newburv (see 
Richardson). 



(I) William (joodridge, the immigrant an- 
cestor, came from England and settled in 
Watertown, in 1636. His old homestead is 
now a part of the beautiful and celebrated 
M<iunt Auburn Cemetery. He was made free- 
n:an. May 18, 1642, and died before May, 
1645, His wife was Margaret Goodridge, who 
after his death married John Hull, and re- 
moved to Newbury, about 1650. Mr. Hull 
died February i, 1670, and she died February 
3, 1683. Ry her will, dated August 4, 1681', 



she gave to her daughter Mary her "best red 
petticoat and a broadcloth waistcoat," and 
divided the rest of her wearing apparel be- 
tween this daughter and her grandchildren. 
Mary Emery and Mary Woodman. Her 
daughter Mary, by her first husband, was born 
in England, about 1633, and married, Decem- 
ber 20, 1653, Edward Woodman, and their 
daughter Mary married. November 29. 1676, 
Jt>nathau Emery (see Emerv). 



William Shurtleff, immi- 
SPIURTLEFF grant ancestor, came from 
England to Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, where he was apprenticed to 
Thomas Clark, a carpenter, for eleven years, 
from May 16, 1634. He removed to Marsh- 
field about 1660. In 1643 his name appears on 
the list of those able to bear arms in Plymouth. 
In 1666 his dwelling house, having been 
burned, he was residing in the house of his 
neighbor. John Philips, and on June 23, 1666, 
he was killed by lightning while in this house. 
He was surveyor of Plymouth in 1656, con- 
stable in 1659. He married, October 18, 1655, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Anna 
Lettice. She married (second). November 18, 
1669, Jacob Cook, son of Francis and Esther 
Cook:" (third), January i. 1688-89. Hugh Cole, 
of Swanzey. Massachusetts. Children of Will- 
iam and Elizabeth Shurtleff: William, men- 
tioned below ; Abiel : Thomas, born 1685-86. 
(II) William (2). son of William (i) 
ShurtlefT. was born in Plymouth in 1657. He 
was selectman of Plymouth for several years, 
captain of the train band, delegate to the pro- 
vincial assembly in 1694 and town treasurer 
from 1695 to 1704. By the incorporation of 
Plympton from the territory of Plymouth, he 
became a resident of the new town and was 
clerk, selectman and prominent in all its 
affairs. He married, in October. 1683. Susan- 
nah, daughter of Hon. Barnabas Lothrop and 
granddaughter of Rev. John Lothrop. She 
died in 1726. aged sixty-two years, and he died 
February 4, 1729-30, aged seventy-one. Chil- 
dren, born in Plymouth : Jabez, 1684 : Thomas. 
1687: William. 1689: Susanna. 1691 ; John, 
mentioned below; Barnabas. 1696: Ichabod, 
1697: Jacob. 1698; Elizabeth. 1690 : I\Iary. 
1700; Sarah. 1702; Samuel: .\bigail ; Nathan- 
iel. 

(HI) John, son of William (2) Shurtlett. 
was born at Plymouth in 1693. He married, 
in Plympton. March 23. 1726-27. Sarah 
( Lucas) Carver, widow of John Carver and 
daughter of Benoni Lucas. In 1740 they re- 
moved to Hebron. Connecticut, and eight years 
later to Bolton, Connecticut, and finally to 
F"astbur\-, Connecticut, where he died about 



5o6 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



1783. Cliildren. born at Plympton : Susanna, 
1727: William, mentioned below ; Benoni, twin 
of William, born 1730; Mary, 1732; Lothrop, 
1735; Lucy: Amos: Jonathan, 1741 : Lemuel: 
John. 

(IV) William (3), son of John Shurtleff, 
was born April 7, 1730. He married, in 1755. 
Hannah Cady, born July 9, 1732. They began 
life together in Tolland, but in 1757 they re- 
moved to Ellington, Connecticut, and in 1787 
to Chesterfield, New Hampshire, where he 
died December 25, 1801, and she died soon 
afterward. One of their sons was Rev. Ros- 
well Shurtleflf, professor in Dartmouth Col- 
lege, and another was .\sahel, mentioned 
below. 

(Y) A.sahel, son of ^\'illiam (3) Shurtleff, 
was born in Ellington. Connecticut, May 25, 
1757. He was a soldier in the revolution in 
General Peleg Wadsworth's brigade and was 
in the battle of WHiite Plains : also a soldier in 
the war of 1812. He married Sarah Dewey, 
of Lebanon, Connecticut, born May 13, 1759, 
died at Rindge, New Hampshire, May 24, 
1837. He died March 24, 1830. Five of their 
seven children settled in Rindge, New Hamp- 
shire, viz.: Sarah, born September 20, 1786, 
never married : Asahel Dewey, mentioned be- 
low : Sophia, May' 17, 1792, married Thomas 
Ingalls : Miranda, November 6, 1794, died un- 
married in Rindge, October 9, 1873: Maria, 
June 4, 1800, married Joel Raymond. 

(\T) Dr. Asahel Dewey Shurtleff', son of 
Asahel Shurtleff, was born in Chesterfield, 
New Hampshire, September 8, 1789. Having 
acquired thorough English education at the 
public schools and academy in his native town, 
he studied medicine in the office of Dr. Adams, 
of Keene, New Hampshire, and upon the 
completion of his studies in 1818, he began to 
practice at Rindge, New Hampshire, in com- 
petition with men of ability and experience, 
such as Doctors Whitney and Jewett, winning 
a handsome practice and an honorable position 
in the town. He held a number of offices of 
trust and honor in the town. His years were 
devoted to his profession in an eminent de- 
gree. He was a man of unexceptionable char- 
acter and died in the midst of a useful and 
promising career, November 8, 1843. He mar- 
ried, December 9, 1823, Eliza M. Morse, born 
January 9, 1802, daughter of Isaac and Miriam 
(Spofford) Morse, of Winchendon. Massachu- 
setts, and a niece of Rev. Luke A. Spofford, 
who married Grata Rand. His widow died 
August 16, 1873. Her father was a lineal de- 
scendant from Anthony Morse, who immigrated 
from England to America in 1633, and her 
mother was a descendant of George Spofford, 
an Englishman, who settled in Massachusetts 



in 1638. After Dr. Shurtleff' died the widow 
removed with her children to Winchendon, 
Massachusetts. Children of Dr. Asahel D. 
and Eliza M. Shurtleff': i. Charles Adams, 
born May 22. 1825 : married, August 2, 1858. 
Jane A. Hall, and resided in Boston. 2. Ann 
Eliza, May 5, 1827; married, August 20, 1851, 
Horace Utley, and died in Buffalo, New York, 
May 26, 1857. 3. Asahel Milton, November 5, 
1832 : married, April 14, 1856, Sarah Ann Kee- 
gon : partner of the firm of Codman & Shurt- 
leff, Tremont street, Boston. 4. Roswell 
Morse, mentioned below. 

(\TI) Roswell Mor.se, son of Dr. Asahel 
Dewey Shurtleff, was born at Rindge, Cheshire 
county. New Hampshire, June 14, 1838. After 
his father died he was taken by his widowed 
mother to live in Winchendon, Massachusetts, 
where he attended the public schools and fitted 
for college. He entered Dartmouth College, 
from which he was graduated in the class of 
1857 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. Im- 
mediately after he left college he took charge 
of an architect's office in Manchester, New 
Hampshire. In 1858 he removed to Buffalo, 
New York, and began work in lithography, 
and in the following year he went to Boston, 
where he began drawing on wood and studied 
art in an evening class at the Lowell Institute. 
In i860 he came to New York City and while 
working for illustrated papers and various 
engravers, continued his studies at the Acad- 
emy of Design. When the civil war began 
he helped to organize the famous "Naval Bri- 
gade" for the protection of the city of Wash- 
ington, known later as the Ninety-ninth New 
York Regiment of Volunteer Infantry. He 
enlisted April 16, 1861, directly after Lincoln's 
first call for volunteers, and he was afterward 
promoted to the rank of lieutenant and later 
adjutant of his regiment. He is said to have 
been the first Federal officer shot and taken 
prisoner in the war. He was taken July 18, 
1861, and after being confined in Confederate 
prisons at Yorktown and Richmond for nearly 
eight months was released on parole. 

After returning to New York City Mr. 
Shurtleff began illustrating books and maga- 
zines, one of his first works being a design 
for the cover of Whitman's "Leaves of Grass." 
About 1870 he began to paint in oils, and for 
some years produced animal pictures such as 
the "Race for Life," now in the art gallery at 
Smith College. This picture represents a forest I 
in winter with a pack of wolves apparently fol- j 
lowing a traveler whose footprints are shown I 
in the snow, and it was pronounced by Bayard 
Taylor, the critic, the most remarkable picture 
of the exhibition in which it was first shown. 
His picture "W'olf at the Door," first exhibited 



NEW F.NCLAXI). 



507 



in 1880 was another notable composition. For 
many years he has spent his stmimers in the 
Adirondacks, the forests of which have fur- 
nished subjects for many of his paintings. 
Among his more important works in oil colors 
are: "Autumn Gold" (1886); "Gleams of 
Sunshine" ( 1882) ; "Song of Summer Woods" 
(1886); "Forest Melodies" (1890): "Silent 
Woods" (1892), formerly in the Metropolitan 
Museum of Art. now in the Public Library 
and Art Gallery at Erie, Pennsylvania; "Mid- 
day in Mid-summer" ( 1899) ; and his best 
known water colors are : "Basin Harbor. Lake 
Champlain" (1881): "A Mountain Pasture" 
(1882); "Forest Stream" (1886); "Mountain 
Mists" (1895): "Near the Au Sable Lake" 
(1896); "Edge of the Woods" (1900). The 
picture entitled "Mountain Streams" is owned 
by the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New 
York. "The First Snow." painted in 1907. 
is in the Corcoran Art Gallery. Washington ; 
"The Mysterious Woods," painted in 1906. is 
in the National Art Gallery in Washington, 
D. C. : "Autumn Woods" is in the Springfield 
Art Museum, at Springfield. Massachusetts : 
"The Morning Sunlight" is in the St. Louis 
Art Museum. 

A recent critic says of his work : 

Tlie value of the work of the great masters lies 
first in the truth expressed, and second in their 
individual methods of expressing that truth, so that 
individuality becomes spiritualized personality. In 
Shurtlefif's paintings are found both these essential 
qualities — truth the essence of art. which means 
justice, with freedom from all petty jealousies, and 
individuality, for he looks through his own eyes, and 
listens to the voice that speaks to him from within. 
His forest pictures will stir the heart of all who 
love the primeval forest, for they cannot fail to rec- 
ognize in them those subtle phases of nature which 
generally put the brush at defiance. He does not 
paint the trees alone, but that pensive atmosphere 
which pervades the summer woods, the hush that 
succeeds the stir of summer insects, the pungent 
odor of dying leaves. Such rendering of the soul 
of the forest could only be accomplished by one 
who lived in the midst of trees, who loved his com- 
panions, and was familiar with their moods. 

1 le is a member of the Water Color Society, 
lie became an associate of the National Acad- 
emy of Design in 1881 and an Academician in 
1890. He is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, the Sons of the Revolution, the 
Salmagundi and other social clubs. In politics 
he is a Republican. 

The following paragraph is from the history 
of Rindge. his native town : 

111 early life he showed remarkable aptitude for 
pictorial art and many of his clever sketches of 
men and things about his native town are well 
remembered. For several years after attaining 
nianhiiod he was engaged in the illustration of 



periodicals and books, and numerous volumes of 
travel and adventure contain the work of his indus- 
trious pencil. In the cultivation, under adverse cir- 
cumstances, of the art which has chosen him he 
has evinced the persistent and enthusiastic devotion 
of true genius. In recent years he has given his 
attention exclusively to oil painting. His finest 
pieces are mountain and woodland views and animal 
pictures. He usually passes the summer among the 
Adirondack Mountains, where so many of the guild 
find most attractive subjects. The exhibitions of 
the National Academy of Design in New York 
annually present specimens of his work, and his 
paintings have received the commendation of most 
competent and careful critics. 

He married, in Hartford, Connecticut, June 
14, 1867, Clara E. Halliday, born in Auburn. 
New York, daughter of Joseph E. and Eleanor 
(Carrier) Hallidav (see Carrier \'H). 



.Mthough the surname Currier is found 
spelled Carrier, this family is probably not 
related to the early colonial family of Currier, 
though the pioneers were not distant neigh- 

( I ) Thomas Carrier, immigrant, was called 
a "Welshman" and "vulgarly called Morgan" 
in the public records. Morgan is a prominent 
Welsh name, but why Carrier bore this alias 
has not been discovered. All the indications, 
however, are that his rightful name was Car- 
rier, although his neighbors called him Mor- 
gan. He was born in Wales as early as 1630. 
The history of Billerica, Massachusetts, states 
that he was in that town as early as 1674. but 
there is a record at Andover of the birth of his 
son Richard, July 17, 1674, (the parents names 
are erroneously given "Richard" and Martha 
— a rather common blunder of the town clerks 
in repeating the name of the child when in- 
tending to give the name of the father). He 
was "warned out" of Billerica, June 23, 1676. 
however. These warnings were given to all 
newcomers in the colonial towns, and the set- 
tlers paid no attention to them and were ex- 
]iected to pay none, the purpose being to pro- 
tect the inhabitants against future responsibili- 
ties. The order of the selectmen calls him 
"Thomas Carrier, alias Morgan. Welchman." 
In November, 1677. he was assigned with "his 
man. John Levistone" to brush cutting in the 
southeast part of the town and with twenty- 
four inhabitants of Billerica he took the pre- 
scribed "oath of fidelity," February 4, 1677-78. 
llis residence afterward was in North Biller- 
ica west of the road to "Winthrop's Farm." 
and next to John Rogers. His son Andrew 
was recorded at Andover in 1777. He may 
have moved back and forth between Billerica 
and .Andover several times. He also received 
the usual warning at Andover, and in 1690, 



5o8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



when his home was smitten by smallpox, the 
selectmen of Andover, where he was then liv- 
uig, notified his friends that the town was not 
responsible for his aid "for they took care, 
when first they came, to warn them out." 

The Carriers found the Puritans of Massa- 
chusetts unfriendly, unkindly, uncharitable and 
eventually hostile, and the wife and mother 
was accused of witchcraft in the midst of the 
(ireat Delusion. She was tried, condemned 
and executed, August 19, 1692. Her case was 
one of the most famous and disgraceful to the 
magistrates. She was hanged at the same time 
as Rev. George Burroughs. Her bearing at 
her trial was distinguished by courage and 
good sense. Her own child of eight testified 
that her mother made her "touch the book ; it 
was in Andrew Fuller's pasture, Elizabeth 
Johnson was there, her aunt Toothaker and 
cousin, when she was baptized ;" and Roger 
Toothaker bore swift witness in language too 
filthy for quotation (see "Upham's Salem 
Witchcraft," vol. ii, pp. 145 and 208, and mss. 
deposition in the Archives at Salem). Cap- 
tain Dan forth, John Rogers and other former 
neighbors of the Carrier family at Billerica 
declined to testify. After the delusion had 
passed, in 1710, Mr. Carrier appealed to the 
authorities for payment of the expenses he had 
incurred. He had paid fifty shillings and the 
prison fees to the keeper for his wife and four 
children, four pounds, sixteen shillings. He 
humbly requested that the "Attainder may be 
taken oiT" and that he be paid the loss sus- 
tained. He adds: "T found my wife and 
children provisions during their imprison- 
ment." 

He married. May 7, 1674, Martha, daughter 
of .A.ndrew and Faith Allen, of Andover, and 
si.ster of Dr. Roger Toothaker's wife. Several 
of the family died of smallpox in 1692. About 
that time Carrier removed with the remainder 
of his family to Colchester, Connecticut, where 
he apparently lived in peace the remainder of 
his life. The following extract from the rec- 
ords of Colchester embodies interesting tradi- 
tions of this remarkable man : 

Thomas Carrier had belonged to the bodyguard 
of Charles 1st of Great Britain, and was notorious 
for his fleetness of foot, even after he was more 
than 100 years old. Tt is said that he killed the 
King of England. If so, he must have been the 
executioner of Charles 1st A. D. 1648. It is said by 
his descendants that he was 113 years of age at the 
time of his death in 1735. He used to walk from 
Colchester to Glastonbury, carrying a sack of corn 
on his shoulders, to be ground, walking very fast 
and stopping but once for the whole distance of 
eighteen miles. 

He died in Colchester, May ifi, 1735. Tradi- 



tions of his age differ. Savage, who investi- 
gated so many of the tales of great age, quotes 
the "New England Journal" which said shortly 
after his death that he "was 109 years old, and 
that he was not gray or bald, walked erect and 
shortly before his death walked six miles," and 
that he left five children, thirty-nine grandchil- 
dren and thirty-eight great-grandchildren, and 
Savage admits that in this case "the exaggera- 
tion may not be more than ten or fifteen years." 
n he were one hundred and nine at death, he 
married at the age of forty-e'ight. Of course, 
he may have married previously in England 
or Wales. The hostility with which he was 
treated in Massachusetts lends color to the tra- 
dition that he served in the Royal army, but 
discredits the story that he was concerned in 
the king's execution. Children: Richard, 
mentioned below ; Andrew, born at Andover, 
May 7, 1677; Thomas, died at Colchester, in 
1740, aged sixty; Sarah, born 1685, witness 
against her mother; Hannah, July 12, 1689. 
Others died, it is said, in 1692. 

(H) Richard, son of Thomas Carrier, was 
born in Andover, July 17, 1674, died in Col- 
chester, November 16, 1749, aged seventy-five 
(town record). He was also a witness in the 
Salem witchcraft cases when his mother and 
Rev. Mr. Burroughs were condemned. He 
removed to Colchester with his father. He 
married (first), July 18, 1694, Elizabeth Ses- 
sions, who died there March 6, 1704. He mar- 
ried (second), July 29. 1707, Thankful Brown. 
Children, born in Colchester : Elizabeth, June 
3, 1695; John, mentioned below; Timothy, 
July 22, 1699; Sarah, April 13, 1701, died Sep- 
tember 27, 1717; Mehitable, April 16, 1702; 
Elizabeth; Hannah, May i, 1708; Thankful, 
April 29, 1711 : Remembrance, April 14, 1713; 
Amos, July 3, 1722. 

(HI) John, son of Richard Carrier, was 
born at Colchester. March 16, 1696-97. He 
married, in 1722, Mary Brown. Children: 
Prudence, born and died March 22, 1731 : 
Titus, mentioned below ; and others. 

(IV) Titus, son of John Carrier, was born 
at Colchester in 1733. He was a soldier in the 
revolution in the Eighth Company, an ensign 
or third lieutenant of his company. Captain 
Joseph Churchill, in Colonel Comfort Sage's 
regiment, raised in June, 1776, to reinforce 
Washington's army in New York. The regi- 
ment took part in the battles of Long Island. 
Harlem and A\'hite Plains, and was disbanded 
December 25, 1776. He married Mary Cook. 
Among his children was John, mentioned 
below. 

(V) John (2), son of Titus Carrier, was 
born in 1769. He married Lewie Daley, who 
died before her husband. He died suddenlv of 



NEW EN(;[.AXD. 



509 



spotted fever, stxni after 1800, and their 
orphaned children were widely scattered. Chil- 
dren : Lyman, mentioned below ; Alpha, 
Emily, Augustus H.. Aurelia, Salmon Hart, 
Jeanette. 

(\'I) Lyman, son of John (2) Carrier, was 
born at Canton, Connecticut, about 1800, died 
in Canton in 1870. He married Charlotte 
Fletcher, a native of Simsbury, Connecticut. 
.Among their children was Eleanor, mentioned 
below. 

(VII) Eleanor, daughter of Lyman Car- 
rier, was born November i, 1830, in Canton, 
died in September, 1909, aged seventy-nine 
years. She married, January i, 1845, Joseph 
E. Halliday, born September 2, 1822, at 
.\uburn, Cayuga county. New York. He was 
a builder and contractor. Children: i. Clara 
y... born in Auburn, New York, November i, 
1848, married Roswell Morse Shurtleff (see 
ShurtlefT VI). 2. Wilbur Hills, February 11, 
1850. 3. Charles Howard, December 15, 1856. 
4. Mary Catharine,, February 15, 1859. Philo 
Halliday, father of Joseph E. Halliday, mar- 
ried Hannah ISenton, born August 24, 1797, 
(lied October 10, 1882, daughter of I-iimon 
and Rachel (Camp) Benton. Amos Benton, 
father of Bimon, had also these children : 
Ichabod, Roger and Jerusha Benton. Amos 
Benton is buried at Shoreham, Vermont. Philo 
Halliday, born September 10, 1796, died Au- 
gust 8, 1871 ; he married, February 3, 1820, 
Hannah Benton. Azariah Halliday, father of 
Philo, is buried at West Cornwall, Vermont ; 
married Lucretia Holcomb, who died at 
Schroon, New York ; children : Azariah, Jede- 
diah, Theodore. Lucretia, Betsey, Selah, Philo, 
and Sterling, who died young. 

TheCarletons are of ancient 
CARLETON Saxon origin, and the name 
is a combination of the Sa.x- 
on words, "ceorl," meaning husbandman, and 
"ton," a town. At the time of the Norman 
conquest it was de Carleton, and the earliest 
known ancestor in England was Baldwin de 
Carleton, of Carleton, near Penith, in the coun- 
ty of Cumberland. From this feudal baron 
the American Carletons trace their lineage in a 
direct line through seventeen generations to 
Edward, the emigrant. .Adam de Carleton, of 
the eighth generation in the direct line of de- 
scent from Baldwin, married Sibella, who is 
supposed to have belonged to the royal Plantag- 
enet family. Sir Walter de Carleton, of the 
twelfth generation, was the last to use the pre- 
fix "de." The latter's son, Thomas (13) Carle- 
ton, was of .Sutton, in Lincolnshire. His son, 
John ( 14) Carleton, of Sutton and Walton- 
upon-Thames, died in 1438. John (16) Carle- 



ton, born in the year 1500, married Joyce Wel- 
beck, a cousin of Queen Catherine, wife of 
Henry VIIL, but the record at hand fails to 
state whether the royal personage referred to 
was Catherine Howard or Catherine Parr. 
Edward (17) Carleton, fifth son of John ( 16) 
and Joyce (Welbeck) Carleton-, settled in East 
Clauden, Surrey, in 1571, and married Mary, 
daughter of George Bigley. Erasmus ( 18) 
Carleton, son of Edward (17) and Mary (Big- 
ley ) Carleton, was a citizen and a mercer of 
St. Bartholomew's, London. The Christian 
name of his wife was Elizabeth and they were 
the parents of Edward Carleton, the emigrant 
ancestor of the family in New England. 

(I) Edward Carlton (as this branch of the 
family for two or three generations spelled the 
name), son of Erasmus and Elizabeth Carle- 
ton, was born in 1605. He married Eleanor 
Denton, whose family name is said to be of 
old Roman origin. With his wife and eldest 
son, he accompanied a party of colonists to 
New England under the leadership of the Rev. 
Ezekiel Rogers, and was therefore one of the 
founders of Rowley, Massachusetts, in 1638- 
39. He was made a freeman in 1643, and be- 
came the second largest landowner in the town. 
He was a member of the general court for the 
years 1644-45-46-47, served as trial justice 
from 1648 until his return to England in 1650- 
51, and died about the year 1661. Edward 
and Eleanor (Denton) Carlton were the par- 
ents of four children, the eldest of whom, 
John, was born in England. The others, born 
in Rowley, were : Edward, Mary and Eliza- 
beth. The birth of Edward which took place 
.August 28, 1639, was the first to be recorded 
in Rowley. In the records of Haverhill, Mas- 
sachusetts, this name is spelled Carlton. 

(II) John, son of Edward and Eleanor 
(Denton) Carlton, was born in England, prob- 
ably about 1635. He settled in Bradford, 
Massachusetts, and later in Haverhill, where 
his death is recorded, January 22, 1668. He 
married, before 1662, Hannah, born June 15, 
1641, died in Bradford, September 25, 1723, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Mallinson) 
Jewett. After the death of John Carlton, she 
married Christopher Babbage. Children of 
John Carlton: Joseph, born ]\Iarcli 2t, 1662: 
Edward, mentioned below : Thomas, Novem- 
ber I, 1667. 

( III) Edward (2), second son of John and 
Hannah (Jewett) Carlton, was born Alarch 
22, 1665, in Bradford. He resided in that 
town, and there died August 29, 1708. He 
married Elizabeth, born July 24, 1669, in Brad- 
ford, died there August 24, 1727, daughter of 
Benjamin and Marcy (Hazeltine) Kimball, of 
that town. Children: Edward, mentioned be- 



5IO 



NEW EXCiLAXD. 



low; Benjamin, born April 23, 1693; Xehe- 
miah, April 15, 1695; Xathaniel. June 20, 
1697; Ebenezer, December 22, 1704; Mehit- 
able, March 28, 1707. 

(IV) Edward (3) Carleton, eldest son of 
Edward (2) and Elizabeth (Kimball) Carlton, 
was born February 20, 1691, in Bradford. He 
resided in Haverhill. He married (first), in 
Bradford, June 13, 1712, Hannah, born March 
19, 1692, in Bradford, died September 25, 
1728, in Haverhill, daughter of Richard and 
Sarah (Spofford) Kimball. Children: Rich- 
ard, born January 8, 1713; Edward, July 4, 
1715; John, August 23, 1718; Peter, mentioned 
below: Israel, July 20, 1724; Elizabeth, June 
13, 1728. Edward Carleton married (second), 
in Haverhill, July 2, 1734, Abiah Clement, 
born September 12, 1692, in Bradford, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth (Ayer) Clement, of 
Haverhill. They had one daughter, Hannah, 
born July 5, 1737. 

(V) Peter, fourth son of Edward (3) and 
Hannah (Kimball) Carleton, was born August 
6, 1720, in Haverhill, where he passed his life. 
He married, March 12, 1751, Hannah, born 
January 3, 1730, in Haverhill, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Priscilla (Kimball) Gage, of 
that town. Children: Hannah, died young; 
Hannah, born October 14, 1753; Peter, Sep- 
tember 19, 1755: Edmund, July 31, 1758; 
Batte (Betsey), July 30, 1760; Israel, July 29, 
1762 ; Ebenezer, died in second year ; Edward, 
born October 12, 1766; Elizabeth, November 

9, 1768; Ebenezer, mentioned below. 

(VI) Ebenezer, youngest child of Peter and 
Hannah (Gage) Carleton, was born January 

10. 1773, in Haverhill, died August 30, 1849, 
in Bath, New Hampshire. He lived for a time 
in Dunbarton, New Hampshire, whence he 
removed to Bath, in 1810, and purchased land 
on which his grandson is now living. This has 
never been owned by other than a Carleton. 
His intention of marriage to Polly Heath, of 
Bow, New Hampshire, was published Novem- 
ber 24, 1796. She was born January 20, 1778, 
in Bow, daughter of Simeon and Sarah (Carle- 
ton) Heath, descended from Bartholomew 
Heath, a pioneer of Haverhill, and his wife, 
Hannah Moyce. John, eldest child of Bar- 
tholomew and Hannah ( Moyce) Heath, born 
August 15, 1643, married, November 14, 1666, 
Sarah Partridge, born August 24, 1647, in Sal- 
isbury, Massachusetts, daughter of \\'illiam 
and Ann Partridge. John (2), second son of 
John (i) and Sarah (Partridge) Heath, born 
March 14. 1675, in Haverhill, married, Janu- 
ary 12, 1697, Francis Hutchins. Bartholomew 
(2), son of John (2) and Frances (Hutchins) 
Heath, married, Mary Pike. Simeon, son of 
I'artholomew and Marv (Pike) Heath, was 



born May 6, 1749, recorded in Plaistow, Xew 
Hampshire, and settled in Bow, where he died 
March 28, 1833. He married (first), Octo- 
ber 28, 1772, Sarah Carleton, born April 7, 
1752, died October 31, 1818. He married 
(second), July 5, 1819, Betsey Carleton, who 
survived him. Their daughter, Alary Clement 
(Polly), married Ebenezer Carleton, as above 
noted. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Carleton: i. 
Henry, died 1819. 2. Ebenezer, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Abiah, married N. P. Sprague, of 
Buffalo, New York. 4. Hannah, married C. 
Cargill. 5. Eliza, married John Law, of Con- 
cord, New Hampshire. 6. Emenmensa, mar- 
ried David Smith. 7. John L., an attorney, 
practiced in Bath and Haverhill, New Hamp- 
shire, and died in the latter place, March 9, 
1899. 8. Horace, died unmarried. 9. Orville, 
was a merchant in Bath, and died in Lancaster, 
Xew Hampshire, January 16, 1887. 10. Ed- 
win, was a hotel keeper in the same place. 

(\'II) Ebenezer (2), second son of Eben- 
ezer (I) and Polly (Heath) Carleton, was 
born in 1801, in Dunbarton, died Alarch 5, 
1886, in Whitefield, New Llampshire. He set- 
tled in Lyman, New Hampshire, on the bank 
of the Connecticut river in what was then a 
wilderness, where he cleared up a farm and 
made his home for many years. He was a 
shrewd, successful business man, was a large 
landowner, engaged extensively in lumbering, 
and was also a merchant. In 1827 he con- 
tracted with the L'nited States government for 
carrying the mail over a rural route, and was 
subsequently sheriff of Grafton county. He 
married (first), February 9, 1826, Sarah Page, 
of Bolton Mills, Vermont, born May 5, 1805, 
died January, 1849. They were the parents 
of Sprague, Mary, Ebenezer L., Henry E., 
Charles P. and Van Buren. He married (sec- 
ond) Lucia M., daughter of Lucius M. Dexter, 
of Franconia, New Hampshire. Lucius M. 
Dexter was the son of John Dexter, a captain 
in the British army, who came to America 
before the revolutionary war, and was one of 
the original grantees of Franconia. Through 
failure to fulfill the conditions of the grant, 
the town was subsequently granted to others, 
but John Dexter was among the original set- 
tlers. He married Susannah Smith, and they 
were the parents of Lucia M., above men- 
tioned. 

( \ III) Dr. Bukk G. Carleton, son of Eben- 
ezer (2) and Lucia M. (Dexter) Carleton, 
was born Xovember 11, 1856. in Whitefield, 
Xew Hampshire. He attended the high school 
in the neighboring town of Littleton, graduat- 
ing in 1873. He received the A. M. degree 
from Rutgers College. He entered the New 
York Homoeopathic Medical College, from 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



wliich he was graduated in 1876. For a year 
following he was a student in the medical de- 
partment of the University of the City of New 
York. He was a member of the house stalY of 
the Homoeopathic Hospital. Department of 
Public Charities of Xew York City, at the 
same time, and was pathologist in 1877-81. 
He became visiting physician in the latter year, 
and continued in that position fourteen years. 
Since 1895 he has been genito-urinary surgeon 
of the Homceopathic and Metropolitan hos- 
pitals in the Department of Public Charities of 
the City of Xew York. From 1879 to 1880 
demonstrator of anatomy: from 1880 to 1882 
adjunct professor of anatomy in the Xew 
York Homceopathic Aledical College, and since 
1907 has been consulting genito-urinary sur- 
geon of Hahnemann Hospital. Since 1902 he 
has been professor of genito-urinary surgery 
in the Xew York Homceopathic Medical Col- 
lege and Hospital, and professor of medical 
ethics, 1909, and during the same period has 
been visiting genito-urinary surgeon of Flower 
Hospital. Was president of the medical board 
in 1906-07. Since 1906 he has been consulting 
genito-urinary surgeon of Grace Hospital, New 
Haven, Connecticut. He is a member of the 
Xew York State Homoeopathic Medical Soci- 
ety, of which he was president in 1904: of the 
Inter.state Medical Society : of the National 
Society of Electro-Therapeutics : of the Acad- 
emy of Pathological Science of Xew York ; of 
the Materia-^Iedica Society, and the Ameri- 
can Institute. Dr. Carleton is associated with 
several clubs, including the Union League. 
Clinical, Meissen, Unanimous and Helmeth. 
He is the author of several standard medical 
works, including the following: "Genito-Uri- 
nary and Venereal Diseases," 1895: "Medical 
and Surgical Diseases of the Kidneys and Ure- 
ters," 1898; "Sexual Disorders of Men," 2nd 
edition. 1899; "Uropaietic Diseases," 3rd edi- 
tion, 1902: "Classified Index of Homeopathic 
Materia-Medica for Urogenitol Diseases," 
1903; "Urological and \'enereal Diseases." 
1905. 

He married (first), Xovember 19. 1879. 
Sarah Elizabeth Robinson, born in Xew York 
City, daughter of John Robinson, a native of 
Pennsylvania, descendant of one of the oldest 
families of that state. She died in June. 1901. 
He married (second). ]\Iarch 24. 1903. Clarice 
E. Giffith. Children: i. Dr. Sprague Carleton, 
born May 6, 1881, in New York City: was 
educated in private schools of New York City, 
Rutgers College, Xew Brunswick, New Jersey, 
and Oberlin College, of Oberlin, Ohio. He grad- 
uated from the Homceopathic Medical College 
in New York, in 1906, and has since been en- 
gaged in practice in association with his father. 



He is assistant professor to the chair of genito- 
urinary surgery in the Xew York Homoeo- 
])athic Medical College : assistant visiting sur- 
geon of the Hahnemann Hospital, and Metro- 
politan Hospital of New York City; visiting 
genito-urinary surgeon of the outdoor depart- 
ment of the Flower Hospital, assistant genito- 
urinary surgeon of Hahnemann Hospital and 
consulting genito-urinary of the Jamaica Hos- 
pital. Jamaica. Long Island. 2. Dr. Sanger S.. 
mentioned below. 3. Hazel, born Xovember 
8. 1894. 4. Bukk G., May 30. 1909. 

(IX) Sanger Sylvester, second son of Dr. 
Bukk G. and Sarah Elizabeth (Robinson) 
Carleton. was born December 16. 1882, in Xew 
York City. He graduated from public school 
Xo. 69. He was subsequently a student at 
Arundel Academy and Columbia Institute, and 
graduated from Rutgers Preparatory School 
and from Rutgers College, Xew Brunswick, 
Xew Jersey. He began his business life in the 
paint business of the American Lucol Com- 
pany, and three years later entered the employ 
of E. A. Thebaut & Company, varnish manu- 
facturers, and after one year with this con- 
cern decided upon a professional career, enter- 
ing the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery. 
He was graduated in 1908. and since that time 
has been continuously engaged in the practice 
of his profession in Xew York. He is a mem- 
ber of several college societies, including Delta 
Theta of Rutgers Preparatory School: Delta 
Kappa Epsilon of Rutgers College : Psi Omega 
and Theta Xu Epsilon of Baltimore College of 
Dental Surgery, and is a member of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Association of New York. 
While not active in politics he is an earnest 
supporter of Republican principles. 

He married, September 21, 1909, in Xew 
York, Florence Amelia, bom January 16, 1886, 
in New Orleans, Louisiana, daughter of Fran- 
cis Edwin and Henrietta (Lambert) Knight. 
Mr. Knight is a real estate operator and has 
two children. Florence .Amelia and Francis 
Edwin. 



The founder of the Barnes fam- 
B.ARXES ily in England is believed to be 
Sir Hugo de Berners, who came 
over with William the Conqueror, and is duly 
inscribed on the "Roll of Battle Abbey." He 
was assigned lands which are now in possession 
of the Berners of Wolverton Park, Ipswich. 
Arms : Quarterly, "or et vert" : crest, a monkey 
"ppr": motto. "Del fiigo 1 avola" (I escaped 
from the fire). The simplicity of the coat-of- 
arms proper indicates its great antiquity. Crest 
and motto in this case were added by later gen- 
erations. There was a branch of the family 
bearing the same coat-of-arms. but modified 



NEW ENGLAND. 



by intermarriage with another noble family 
which spelled its name de Earners, thus partly 
accounting for change of orthography. 

The clear pedigree begins with Sir John Ber- 
ners, of West Horsley, Surrey, and of Berners- 
Riding, Essex, ob. 1347. His eldest son, Sir 
James (of Berners-Riding), was beheaded on 
Tower Hill, 1388. Sir James' eldest son, Sir 
Richard, of West Horsley, was created Baron, 
temp. Henry IV., ob. 1421. A second son, 
William, was the ancestor of the Berners, of 
Finchinfield, Essex, with which branch the 
coat-of-arms in its simplest form is identified. 
The most illustrious of Sir James' children 
was a daughter, Julyans or Julianna, whose 
last name is spelled Berners, Barner, Bernes, 
but most frequently Barnes. She was the 
authoress of a treatise on "Hawking, Hunting 
and Cote Armour," otherwise known as the 
"Boke of St. Albans," now highly prized by 
collectors as one of the earliest printed books, 
having been issued in i486 by that mysterious 
printer, the "Scholemayster of St. Albon." 
Dame Julianna was Prioress of Sopwell, a 
nunnery near St. Albans, in which Abbey of 
St. Albans her book was printed. 

In the next generation Margery Berners, 
daughter of Sir Richard, married John Bour- 
chier, fourth son of the Earl of Ewe, who 
was summoned to Parliament as Lord Berners 
(temp. Henry VI.) "jure uxoris," ob. 1474. 
His grandson. Sir John Bourchier (ob. 1532). 
became famous as the translator of Froissart's 
"Chronicles," and writes himself in his will as 
"John Bourchier, Knt., Lord Barnes." One 
of the early De Berners married a great-great- 
granddaughter of Oliver Cromwell. 

The early settlers of the Long Island Hamp- 
tons (and probably the ancestor of this branch) 
came from the neighborhood of Maidstone, 
Kent, and their settlement was at first called 
Maidstone on that account. 

(I) Stephen Barnes, the first of the name 
of whom we have definite information, moved 
to Bran ford, Connecticut, from Southampton, 
Long Island, about the year 1700. He was 
])robably the son of Samuel and grandson of 
Joshua Barnes. He acquired land in Branford. 
He married Mary Barnes, of another family; 
her mother, Hannah (Linsley) Barnes, was a 
daughter of John Linsley. 

(II) Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) and 
Mary (Barnes) Barnes, was born January 2, 
1704, in Branford. Connecticut, died March 
17, 1777. He married, January 5, 1725, Mar- 
tha, daughter of Thomas and Hannah Wheed- 
on ; she died March 18, 1773, in her sixty-sixth 
year. Stephen Barnes, with his family, re- 
moved from Branford to Southington. 

(III) .^sa, son of Stephen (2) and Martha 



(Wheedon) Barnes, was born in Branford, 
Connecticut, August 24, 1745, died February 
13, 1819. His house was in the southwestern 
part of Southington, and well known to travel- 
ers of the day as a public inn. He married, 
October 31, 1765, Phoebe, daughter of Luther 
Atkins, or Adkins. 

(IV) Eli, son of Asa and Phoebe (Atkins) 
Barnes, was born in Southington, Connecticut, 
May 21, 1775. died 1827. He followed the 
occupation of farming, and in his later years 
was the proprietor of an inn to which he gave 
the name of the Lafayette Hotel, and also 
founded the village known as Barnesville, now 
a part of New Haven, and called Fair Haven. 
His business transactions were conducted on 
the principles of strict integrity. He fulfilled 
to the letter every trust committed to him, and 
as a citizen was universally esteemed. The 
lecords of the neighborhood show that Eli 
Barnes was quite a prominent operator in real 
estate, as his name is mentioned frequently in 
the transfers of small pieces of property. He 
built the bridge between Fair Haven and East 
Haven, known as Barnesville bridge. He mar- 
ried (first) Roxanna Newell, born 1773, died 
April II, 1812; six children. He married 
(second) Mrs. Susan (Morris) Bradley, who 
married (first) Willet Bradley, and after the 
death of Eli Barnes married (third) Decem- 
ber 2, 1833, Rev. Jeremiah Atwater, D. D., of 
New Haven. Children of second wife: Willet 
B., born October 7, 1813; Rhoda B., June 18, 
1815 ; Alfred Smith, January 28, 1817, see for- 
ward ; Roxanna C, April 28, 1819; Adeline 
F., December 16, 1821 : John C, August 15, 
1823. 

Susan (Morris) (Bradley) Barnes was born 
October 17, 1784, at Morris Cove, East Haven, 
Connecticut. The Morris family traces back 
to the time of Ethelstan and Alfred, who reign- 
ed in England in the ninth and tenth centuries. 
Maurice, Morys and Morres are names found 
in the records of the time, often compounded 
with the prefixes Fitz, Clan, Mount, De, and 
others. The name is supposed to be of Welsh 
origin. 

Thomas Morris was a shipbuilder, and a 
Puritan who left England with other Pilgrims 
in the year of Hampden's resistance to the 
arbitrary exactions of Charles the First. At 
least two of the Morris family had fallen in 
martyrdom in the reign of "Bloody Queen 
Mary." and the Morris name will be found on ! 
the pages of history during the parliamentary I 
struggles with Charles the First and as soldiers I 
under Cromwell. Thomas Morris arrived in | 
Boston. June 3. 1637. He took sail thence I 
with a party of other Londoners and landed at I 
Quinnipiack (now New Haven), March 30, ' 



XEW EXGLAXD. 



;i3 



1638, arriving at their destination about the 
middle of April of that year. He purchased a 
tract of land near New Haven, March 16, 
1 67 1, on account of its timber. The estate de- 
scended from Thomas to his son Eleazer, who 
gave to his son John, who in turn, having no 
children, gave to his nephew Amos, one of the 
sons of his brother James. Amos was the first 
proprietor actually residing upon the land, and 
one of his descendants has ever since occu- 
pied it. 

Captain Amos Morris was born in East 
Haven. i-jO, died there December 30, 1801. 
He married, June 26, 1745. Lydia Camp, who 
bore him twelve children, eight daughters and 
lour sons. 

Amos Alorris, eldest son of Captain Amos 
and Lydia (Camp) Morris, was born March 
13, 1750. He married, in 1779, Betsey, daugh- 
ter of Richard and Susan ( De Luce) Wood- 
ward. Both Captain Amos Morris and his 
son Amos were called upon during the war of 
the revolution for their services. Captain Amos 
Morris (father) received his commission as 
captain of the train band of New Haven, Com- 
pany 3, October 31, 1748. It was signed by 
General Thomas Fitch, commander-in-chief of 
His Majesty's Colony in Connecticut : witness 
George Wyllys. He joined the revolutionary 
party at the breaking out of the war, and is 
named as having taken a prominent part in the 
resistance of the invasion of New Haven by 
General William Tryon, July 5, 1779. The 
British having landecl at Morris Point on their 
way to New Haven, he did everything in his 
power to drive them away, but was unable to 
prevent their landing. They destroyed his 
house and several buildings, inflicting a loss of 
some twelve hundred and thirteen pounds ster- 
ling. His son Amos also took part in the de- 
fense of New Haven with his father and 
afterwards enlisted as a private soldier in Cap- 
tain Phineas Bradley's company of Artillery 
Guards, Connecticut Service, April 3, 1780. 
He was discharged January i, 1781. He is 
recorded as an American prisoner proposed fc^r 
exchange, September 27, 1780.' January i, 
1781, he again enlisted as a private in Captain 
William \'an Deuzen's company. State Guards, 
stationed at New Haven. He was honorably 
discharged, August i, 1781. Among the chil- 
dren of Amos Morris Jr. was Susan, afore- 
mentioned as the wife of Eli Barnes. She was 
a woman of rare qualities of mind and heart, 
and her life and teachings were the controlling 
influence in the formation of the character of 
her children. The following tribute was paid 
to her by her son, Alfred Smith Barnes: 

She was self-denying for the good of others. Her 
consecration to God was thorough and complete, 



and she desired only to Uve tor His glory and the 
good of her fellow-creatures. Her children were 
the apple of her eye — there was no sacrifice, even 
to the giving of her life, she was not ready to 
bestow for their best good. Her happiness was 
living near to Christ so that earthly trials were 
nothing to her, except to sanctify her and fit her 
for the atmosphere of Heaven. Oh! that I might 
live and die like her. Blessed be her memory. 

(V) Alfred Smith, son of Eli and Susan 
(Morris) (Bradley) Barnes, was born in New 
Haven, Connecticut, January 28, 1817. He 
attended a Lancastrian school at Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, but upon the death of his father, 
in 1827, returned home. At twelve years of 
age he was placed under the care of his uncle, 
Deacon Norman Stnith, residing near Hart- 
ford. Here he worked upon the farm during 
the summer, and during the winter attended 
school under the instruction of Professor Jesse 
Olney. In 1830 his uncle opened a shoe store 
and installed him as his clerk, but after serving 
in that capacity for about a year he became 
restless, desiring to engage in the book busi- 
ness, which he did as soon as an opportunity 
offered, entering the book store of D. F. Rob- 
inson, where his duties were those of youngest 
clerk. His remuneration was thirty dollars a 
year and his board, his home being with Mrs. 
Robinson, who displayed for him the love and 
solicitude of a mother. In 1835 the firm of 
D. F. Robinson & Company moved to New 
York, where he completed his clerkship. In 
1838 Professor Charles Davies. the mathe- 
matician, called upon him with a letter from 
Hiram F. Sumner, of Hartford, and this in- 
troduction led to an arrangement for the pub- 
lication of his mathematical books. Mr. Barnes 
was to be the nominal publisher at six hundred 
dollars per year, and attended to the introduc- 
tion of the books among the schools, and pro- 
fessor Davies was to be the literary and office 
partner. They located in the city of Hartford, 
and then and there was founded what became 
the widely known house of A. S. Barnes & 
Company. Soon afterward they agreed on 
e(|ual terms as partners. Professor Davies re- 
serving a copyright. 

Mr. Barnes at once set out to canvass the 
country for Professor Davies' books, travelling 
by boat or stage, visiting the scattered schools, 
and the small stores of his own and adjacent 
states, and became quite versatile in advocating 
the Davies Arithmetics, which were then in 
their infancy, but came to be studied by millions 
of school children. His efforts from the out- 
set were successful, he always making a fav- 
orable impression by his frank and winning 
manner and unmistakable sense of honor. In 
1840 the little concern moved to Philadelphia 
and took quarters in a modest store in Minor 



514 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



street, but remained there only four years, 
when it was tinally removed to New York, 
occupying a building on the corner of John 
and Dutch streets. The business steadily in- 
creased, and with an enlarged list of publi- 
cations, soon required the two adjacent build- 
ings on John street in addition. In 1867 Mv. 
Barnes purchased the large building on the 
comer of William and John streets, to which 
the business was again transferred, using the 
former buildings in part for the printing office 
and bindery. These latter soon became in- 
adequate, however, and necessitated the build- 
ing of the factory, occupied by the firm in 
Brooklyn, erected by R4r. Barnes in 1880 on 
the site of the old First Baptist Church. 

In 1848 Professor Davies retired from busi- 
ness connection with Mr. Barnes, and Edmund 
Dwight became partner the same year, retiring 
the following year, when Mr. Barnes took into 
partnership his brother-in-law, Henry L. Burr, 
who continued with him until his death in 
1865. S. A. Rollo, a clerk, was admitted in 
1850. Following Mr. Burr's decease, Alfred 
C. Barnes, eldest son of Mr. Barnes, became 
associated with him, and also his brother, John 
C. Barnes. In 1867 Henry W. Curtiss, cousin 
of Mr. Barnes, was admitted, and shortly 
afterward Mr. Barnes took into the firm his 
son Henry, and later on his nephew, Charles J. 
Karnes, in 1879 his son Edwin, and in 1883-84 
his two youngest sons, Richard and William, 
were admitted. At the death of Mr. Barnes 
his five sons and nephew were left to carry on 
the business, which they did until 1890, when 
with several other school book houses it was 
merged into the American Book Company. 
The name of A. S. Barnes & Company is still 
extant and is associated with the publication 
of miscellaneous books, church hymnals, etc. 

Mr. Barnes was in a remarkable degree a 
man of affairs, active, interested, and devoted 
to all his duties, whether imposed or assumed. 
Aside from his large book publishing interests, 
he was at the time of his death a director of 
the Hanover National Bank, the Home Fire 
Insurance Company, the Fidelity and Casualty 
Company, the Provident Life Insurance Com- 
pany, Rochester Gas Company, a trustee in the 
Brooklyn Dime Savings Bank, Cornell Uni- 
versity, Ithaca, the Polytechnic Institute and 
Packer Institute, both in Brooklyn, a trustee of 
the Long Island Historical Society, president 
of the Automatic Fire Alarm Company, New 
York, and was associated with railroads and 
other institutions. In benevolent work he was 
president of the Brooklyn City Mission and 
Tract Society, connected with the American 
Board of Foreign Missions, with the American 
Missionary Society as one of its executive 



committee, with the Home Missionary Society, 
trustee of the American Tract Society, vice- 
president of the Society for the Supression of 
Vice, and also of the Association for Improv- 
ing the Condition of the Poor of Brooklyn, 
trustee of the Faith Home for Incurables, and 
alsO' of the Aged Men's Home, both of Brook- 
lyn. 

Mr. Barnes was always active and heartily 
interested in religious affairs. In Philadel- 
phia he was connected with Dr. Albert Barnes' 
church and in New York with Dr. Spring's 
church. On coming to Brooklyn he was made 
one of the deacons of the Church of the Pil- 
grims ( Congregational ) to which he brought 
his letters soon after the late Rev. Dr. Rich- 
ard S. Storrs had been called to its pastorate. 
Later, in view of changing his residence, he 
became a member of the Clinton Avenue 
Church, and was one of the callers of Rev. Dr. 
William I. Budington to its pastorate, and still 
later of Rev. Thomas B. McLeod to the same 
chiirch upon the decease of Dr. Budington. He 
served the church as deacon and trustee, and 
was at different times superintendent of the 
Sunday school. 

Aside from his official positions, he was most 
liberal in advancing material needs of the 
church and its various charities, and respond- 
ed to every call liberally and ungrudgingly. 
With Albert Woodruff, of Brooklyn, he in- 
augurated the Mission Sunday school, as the 
off-shoot of an established church, and his con- 
nection with the Warren Street Mission of 
Brooklyn, as the pioneer of the undertaking, 
was always a pleasure to him. He was its first 
superintendent, and accomplished much for its 
growth and prosperity thereafter. A very 
noteworthy incident in connection with his 
Christian work was the acquirement of the 
church building on Classon avenue, near But- 
ler street. A mortgage was about to be fore- 
closed on the property and several persons 
were interested in buying it in. It became a 
question of sectarianism, the parties to the 
purchase representing distinct creeds, and Mr. 
Barnes, believing the section where it stood 
was in need of the church of his own faith, 
and not finding any one to cooperate with 
him, bought it in himself, and for years kept 
it in his possession, although giving its use to 
a company of worshipers and helping to sup- 
port the minister in charge. 

The uppermost desire of his heart was un- 
questionably to do good, "that the world might 
be better for his having lived in it." His bene- 
factions will never be fully known : he gave 
liberally and often. The $25,000 to the Faith 
Home in Brooklyn, which enjoys its present 
c|uarters mainly through his gift and eft'orts, 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



515 



and the $45,000 to the Young Men's Christian 
Association of Cornell University, which re- 
sulted in the erection of Barnes Hall, evidenced 
some of his larger benefactions. The Young 
Men's Christian Association of Brooklyn, the 
Long Island Historical Society, and many of 
the benevolent and educational objects of the 
city and elsewhere, also enjoyed his munifi- 
cence through his lifetime, and were as well 
the recipients of considerable sums at his death. 

In politics he took an active interest, though 
he never filled office, or desired to do so : he 
was satisfied to support good and able men, 
and was assiduous in influencing others to per- 
form their duty. He was a Republican as to 
party, but saw fit at times to support one of an 
opposite faction, but never, it is believed, where 
national issues were involved. He was a tem- 
perance advocate, but thought it not essential 
to encourage a temperance party. He argued, 
■"raise the standard of one of the dominant 
parties, and temperance and all good results 
will surely follow." 

Mr. Barnes married (first), November 10. 
1 84 1, Harriet Elizabeth Burr, born at Hender- 
son Harbor, New York, September 27, 1820, 
eleventh child of General Timothy and Mary 
(Chapin) Burr, of Hartford, Connecticut. Her 
father removed with his family in early life to 
Western New York, and was stationed at Hen- 
derson Harbor, on Lake Ontario, during the 
war of 1812, and later at the head of the com- 
missary department of the United States army, 
and while in Hartford, Connecticut, was colo- 
nel of the Connecticut regiment. General Burr 
was a descendant of Benjamin Burr (or Burre, 
as he spelled the name) the founder of the 
Hartford branch, who first appeared as one of 
the original settlers of Hartford in 1635. His 
name, which appears in the land division of 
Hartford in 1630 as an original proprietor and 
settler, is the first evidence we have of his 
presence in America, but as the first settlers 
there were from Watertown, Newtown and 
other places near Boston, it is certain that he 
was in Massachusetts some time before his 
appearance in Hartford, and he may have been 
one of the eight hundred who came to America 
with Winthrop's fleet in June, 1630. He seems 
to have been an active, energetic, thorough 
business man, and mingled but little in public 
affairs, hence but brief mention is made of him 
in the records of the colony. He was the first 
of his name in Connecticut, and was admitted 
a freeman in 1638. His allottment in the land 
division of Hartford in 1639 was six acres, and 
he also drew eighteen acres in the land division 
iif East Hartford, in 1666. He died in Hart- 
ford, March 31, 1681. and was buried prob- 
ably in one of the hillside cemeteries, long 



since obliterated. He gave his name to Burr 
street. Hartford, which runs west from Main 
street. Mary (Chapin) Burr was a daughter 
of Deacon Aaron Chapin, of a prominent fam- 
ily of Massachusetts. Mrs. Barnes was inter- 
ested in many charities, especially in the Home 
for the Eriendless, and during the civil war 
greatly assisted the Union army through the 
sanitary commission. 

Mr. and Mrs. Barnes first located in Phila- 
delphia, from whence they removed to New- 
York, then to Brooklyn, and in 1853 began the 
occuijancy of a commodious house on Clinton 
avenue. Two children were born to them in 
Philadelphia, one in New York, three in Gar- 
den street, and four in Clinton avenue, making 
in all a family of ten children, five sons and 
five daughters. In 1866 Mr. and Mrs. Barnes 
celebrated their silver wedding. From 1875 
to 1881 their summer home was the attractive 
cottage at Martha's \'ineyard, and the time he 
was able to be there gave Mr. Barnes perfect 
relaxation and contentment. On October 27. 
1 88 1, only a few weeks prior to the fortieth 
anniversary of their marriage, Mrs. Barnes 
died, this being the first severe blow Mr. Barnes 
had experienced. 

Mr. Barnes married (second), November 7, 
1883, Mrs. Mary M. Smith. In the spring of 
1884 they went on a European tour, being ab- 
sent some thirteen months, and a few' months 
after their return moved into their new home 
on St. Marks avenue, Brooklyn. Early in the 
;, ear of 1887 Mr. and Mrs. Barnes went on a 
tour west, extending as far as Alaska. This 
they carried out. but owing to the excessive 
heat they encountered and the fatigue incident 
to so long a journey, together with some 
anxiety over certain matters forced upon his 
mind, Mr. Barnes was much prostrated, and 
on their return to Chicago quite succumbed, 
being obliged to remain a week at a hotel, and 
was then brought home, with barely sufficient 
strength to move about. Through all the try- 
ing months which followed, no more devoted 
care and loving ministrations, coupled with 
great self-sacrifice, were possible than those 
shown by his patient wife. His death occurred 
February 17, 1888. 

One of the best and truest tributes to Mr 
Barnes as a man and a citizen was paid by the 
late Rev. Dr. T. DeWitt Talmage at one of the 
meetings in his church : 

Tlie number of men who built Brooklyn and who 
have gone into eternal absenteeism is rapidly in- 
creasing. Pausing a moment to-day on the New 
York and Brooklyn Bridge. I read on a stone pillar 
the names of those who had been influential in the 
Iiuilding of that suspended wonder of the centuries. 
The president, Mr. Murphy, gone. The vice-presi- 
dent, Mr. Kingsley, gone. The treasurer. Mr. Pren- 



5i6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



tice, gone. The engineer, Mr. Roebling, gone. So 
our useful and important citizens from all depart- 
ments are passing off. And now. within a few days, 
Alfred S. Barnes departed. And yet he has not 
disappeared. When our Historical Hall, and Acad- 
emy of Music, and Mercantile Library, and our 
great asylums of mercy, and our churches of all 
denominations shall have crumbled — then, and not 
until then, will our splendid citizen. Mr. Barnes, 
have disappeared; for his brain and heart and head 
planned them, and his munificent hand helped sup- 
port them. When, at ii o'clock last Friday night, 
this noble and gracious soul flashed into the bosom 
of God, we lost as good a citizen as Brooklyn ever 
had. If the queenly wifehood that hovered over his 
suffering pillow for four months, until the fatigue 
and the devotion became almost a martyrdom, and 
the prayers and the love and the devotion of his 
children, and the anxieties of hundreds of thousands 
of fellow citizens could have hindered his departure, 
he would again have taken his old place at his 
family table, and on our philanthropic platforms, 
and in the pews of our churches. But his work was 
done, No power could keep him down out of the 
supernal light or back from the rewards awaiting 
him. What a bulwark of credit was his name to the 
financial institutions he trusteed or presidented! 
What an honor to the universities on whose scrolls 
of directors his name was permitted to appear! And 
what a reinforcement to the great benevolence of 
the day was his patronage. Out of a warm personal 
friendship of many years, I must speak my grati- 
tude and my admiration. In business circles, for 
many a long day, his name will be quoted as a 
synonym for everything honorable and righteous, 
but my thought of him is chiefly of being the high- 
est style of Christian gentleman. He was one of 
the few successful men who maintained complete 
simplicity of character. After gaining the highest 
position, where he could afford to decline the May- 
oralty and Congressional honors, and all political 
preferment, as he did again and again, he was as 
artless in his manner as on' the day when he earned 
his first dollar. His illumined face was an index to 
an illumined soul. I have known many lovely and 
honorable and inspiring and glorious Christian men, 
but a more lovely or more honorable or more in- 
spiring or more glorious Christian man than Alfred 
S. Barnes, I never did know. He entered the 
Kingdom of God himself and all his family fol- 
lowed him, and upon them may the mantle of their 
consecrated and glorified father fall, as I believe it 
has already fallen. What a magnificent inheritance 
of prayers and good advice and Christian example! 
Well may they cry out as Elisha did when Elijah 
went up in fiery equipage, "My Father, my Father, 
the chariots of Israel and the horsemen thereof!" 

(VI) Richard Storrs. son and seventh child 
of Alfred Smith and Harriet Elizabeth (Burr) 
Barnes, is a living vindication of the theory 
that heredity shapes a inan's course in life, 
and a virile breathing proof that "blood will 
tell." Neither physically nor mentally does he 
give the first sign of deterioration or decline 
from the high standard set by his forbears 
when they suffered death for their religious 
beliefs when Charles was king; for him, in a 
peculiar sense, the Cromwellian wars were not 
fought in vain : the struggles of the Puritans 
to conquer a New World, and at the same time 



shake off the chains of bigotry and intolerance, 
made him stronger; the strife of the revolu- 
tionary war planted the germs of patriotism 
in his veins, and the business probity of his 
more immediate ancestors gifted him with a 
sense of honor and integrity that is considered 
rare in these so-called decadent days. Mr. 
Barnes is essentially a business man, but he 
ti.kes from business sufficient time to give full 
play to his predilections for the arts and the 
higher classes of sport, the latter to gratify a 
love of healthful outdoor life. 

Mr. Barnes was born in Brooklyn, New 
York, November 21, 1854, and was only nine- 
teen years old when in 1873 he entered upon 
his business career with A. S. Barnes & Com- 
pany, after having been educated in the Brook- 
lyn Polytechnic Institute and at Williston Semi- 
nary. His first part of responsibility was at 
Chicago, where he assisted in the conduct of 
the affairs of the western branch of his father's 
business. By 1883 he had won a partnership 
in the parent house, and after the sale of its 
school book list to the American Book Com- 
pany in 1890, he remained in charge of its mis- 
cellaneous publications. There he continued 
until 1895, when he sold his interest to his 
brother, Henry B. Barnes. After that, in 
1897, he had beai active in establishing the 
business of Braunworth & Company, book 
manufacturers, in Brooklyn, and has been 
treasurer of that concern ever since. 

As money came to him the scope of his busi- 
ness activities widened, and we find him devoting 
much of his time to mining operations in Ari- 
zona and Mexico, where he is interested in some 
of the most ]:)romising properties of those rich 
mineral regions. He found time and money for 
other enterprises, too, as a list of his numerous 
business connections proves. At the present time 
he is director of the American Book Company ; 
director and treasurer of the Autoiuatic Fire 
Alarm Company ; director and treasurer of 
Braunworth & Company; and treasurer and 
manager of the Barnes Real Estate Association. 
For seventeen years he was a trustee of Willis- 
ton Seminary, at East Hampton, Massachusetts. 
For about ten years, until he had removed his 
residence from Brooklyn to Manhattan, he was 
a director of the Kings County Bank, and for 
several years a trustee of the Brooklyn Hos- 
pital. 

When business does not occupy his time, he 
seeks and finds congenial companionship at the 
Metropolitan Club and the Down Town Asso- 
ciation, and enjoys luembership in the New 
England Society of New York, and the Rem- 
brandt Art Club of Brooklyn. He is also a 
charter inember of the Brooklyn Institute of 
.Arts and Sciences, and a life member of the 



NEW ExXGLAXD. 



517 



Long Island Historical Society. Mr. Barnes 
is a member of the Dutch Reformed church, 
and is a Repubhcan in poHtics. The martial 
strain that runs in the blood of both his father 
and mother found vent in Mr. Barnes when 
he completed his service in the Twenty-third 
Regiment, National Guard, receiving his dis- 
charge in 1 88 1. 

Civic pride and civic honesty are two of his 
strong characteristics, and it was no wonder, 
therefore, that he should have been instru- 
mental in bringing about the downfall of John 
Y. McKane, after that notorious individual had 
attempted his Napoleonic coup to control the 
ballot of Coney Island. At a mass meeting in 
the Academy of Music, Mr. Barnes was made 
one of the committee of twenty-five and its 
secretary, which brought the politician to his 
knees and eventually sent him to the penitenti- 
ary, where he ended his days. 

If Mr. Barnes may be said to have a fad, 
that fad is fine art. As soon as his means per- 
mitted, and while still living in Brooklyn, he 
began a collection of oil paintings which has 
now reached the proportions of a gallery of 
one hundred and fifty canvases, many of which 
are of the highest quality and of great value. 
He has followed no particular school in mak- 
ing his selections, but has given his catholic 
taste free rein, enriching both American and 
European artists by his purchases. Preferring 
landscapes, he has often chosen genre sub- 
jects if they appealed to him for their artistic 
merit or for their historical or human interest. 
In his affections his pictures share places with 
his children, and he is loth to part with one. 

It is at Washington, Connecticut, his summer 
residence, that Mr. Barnes is best known, for he 
has taken a large part in the afifairs of the com- 
munity, and the tangible marks of his interest in 
it are not few. He was one of the largest con- 
tributors to the new library building which now 
graces the town. Like nearly all full-blooded 
men of to-day, he is a golf enthusiast, and was 
very active in securing for Washington a nine- 
hole course. Every year since 1903, when it 
started, he has been president of the Washington 
Club, a modest organization in the formation 
of which he took a leading part. It has tennis 
courts and various inside games, and is a ma- 
terial factor in the life of the town. Its suc- 
cess has been uninterrupted, and summer vis- 
itors there have returned to their homes re- 
luctantly after enjoying its privileges. 

Wykeham Rise, a school for young ladies, 
was erected by Mr. Barnes, and is now one of 
the town's institutions. From a modest be- 
ginning in 1902, Wykeham Rise has grown 
until it has a full complement of fifty students. 



It is conducted by Miss Fanny E. Davies, of 
English birth, but a graduate of Bryn Mawr, 
and later an instructor at Rosemary Hall, 
Greenwich, Connecticut. 

Mr. Barnes does not confine his charitable 
work to Washington, but has been connected 
at different times with various institutions in 
the city of New York, and besides is a regular 
contributor to many objects with which he has 
no active connection. 

Mr. Barnes married, June 16, 1880, Hattie 
Day, daughter of Lucius and Harriet (Day) 
Barbour, of Hartford, Connecticut. Children : 
I. Roderick Barbour, born in Brooklyn, New 
York, December 16, 1882. 2. Hattie Louise, 
born in Brooklyn, New York, March 31, 1885 ; 
married Alfred Severin Bourne, son of Fred- 
erick Gilbert and Emma Keeler Bourne, of 
Oakdale, Long Island; children: Alfred Sev- 
erin Jr., Kenneth Barnes, and Barbara Louise. 
3. Goodrich, born June 30, 1887, died May 30, 
1889. Mr. Barnes" residence and office are in 
New York City, and his summer home is locat- 
ed at Washington, Connecticut. 



There were four pioneers of 
BL'LLARD this surname in the Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony among the 
early settlers, and there is every reason to be- 
lieve they were brothers. George Bullard, of 
Watertown, born in England in 1608, died 
January 14, 1688-89 ; married (first) Margaret 
, who died February 8, 1639-40: mar- 
ried (second) Widow Mary Maplehead. John 
Bullard, of Dedham, was a proprietor as early 
as 1638 : was admitted to the church with his 
wife, Magdalen, July 2, 1639; died at Med- 
field, Massachusetts, October 27, 1678. Rob- 
ert Bullard, the third brother, died at Water- 
town, June 24, 1639, aged forty years, leaving 
a widow Ann, who married (second) Henry 
Thorpe. She had a grant of land in Water- 
town in 1644: her son, Benjamin Bullard, was 
the founder of the most numerous branch of 
Bullards, that of Sherborn, Massachusetts. 

(T) William Bullard, the fourth brother, 
was born in England in 1601. He was a pro- 
prietor of Dedham as early as 1635, and was 
admitted to the church there December 13, 
1639. He removed to Charlestown, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1653. and became a proprietor 
there. He died at Dedham at the home of his 
daughter, the Widow Farrington, December 
24, 1686, aged about eighty-five years (Pope's 
"Pioneers of Mass."). His will is dated July 
5, 1679, with codicil dated May 22, 1684, and 
was proved at Boston (Book III, p. 58) March 
17, 1687. He bequeathed to his wife Mary: 
daughters Mary and Elizabeth : house and land 



5i8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



at Dedhain to son Nathaniel ; to grandchild 
William, son of Isaac, deceased. He was a 
member of the church at Cambridge in 1658 
with wife Mary, formerly wife of Francis 
Griswold. A quitclaim of certain lands in 
Charlestown, formerly his, was signed by Eliz- 
abeth Emmons, of Boston, and Jeremiah Gib- 
son, of Woodbridge, and by a daughter of 
Moses and Elizabeth Collier, to William Bul- 
lard, son of Isaac, and this has remained in the 
possession of his family to the present time. 
Children : Elizabeth, married Moses Collier ; 
Mary, married, in 1650, John Farrington, of 
Dedham ; Isaac, mentioned below ; Nathaniel, 
married, in 1658, Mary Richards, of Dedham. 
All were born in England, probably. 

(II) Isaac, son of William Bullard, was 
born in England about 1625. He married in 
Dedham, in 1655, Ann Wight. He died after 
1673 and before 1679. Children: Hannah, 
Sarah, Samuel, Judah, Ephraim, Ann, John, 
Mary, William, mentioned below. 

(III) William (2), son of Isaac Bullard, 
was born at Dedham, March 19, 1673. He 
married, August 6, 1697, Elizabeth Avery. 
Qiildren, born at Dedham : Elizabeth, Novem- 
ber 8, 1699, married Nathaniel Kingsbury ; 
Anna, May 28, 1705, married Jonathan Whit- 
ney; Wilham. died before 1741 ; Isaac, men- 
tioned below: Jemima, married Solomon Bul- 
lard, of Walpoie. 

(IV) Isaac (2), son of William (2) Bul- 
lard, was born April 4, 1709, at Dedham. He 
married, in 1731, Mary Dean, of Dedham, and 
died 1770-71. Children, born at Dedham: 
Mary, died in infancy; Mary, born January 
19, 1735; Catherine, October 7, 1738, died in 
infancy: Catherine, June 4, 1740, married 
Wadsworth ; Isaac, mentioned below. 

(V) Isaac (3), son of Isaac (2) Bullard, 
was born July 10, 1744, died June 18, 1808. 
He was a soldier in the revolution, a sergeant 
in Captain Joseph Guild's company of minute- 
men, in Colonel Greaton's regiment on the 
Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775: also an en- 
sign in Captain Guild's company. General 
Heath's regiment, at Roxbury, in the summer 
of 1775. He married, in 1766, Patience Baker. 
Children, born at Dedham: Mary, November 
30, 1767, married Joseph Howe, of Dedham; 
William, July, 1769, married Lydia Whiting; 
Isaac, July 21, 1 77 1, married Rachel Pratt, of 
Chelsea, Massachusetts : John, mentioned below. 

(VI) John, son of Isaac (3) Bullard, was 
born at Dedham, January 9, 1773, died Febru- 
ary 25, 1852. He married, in 1802, Lucy Rich- 
ards, of Dover. Children, born at Dedham : 
Maria, May 4, 1803, married H. F. Spear, and 



died March 18. 1866; John, January 2, 1807, 
married Jane E. AIcKillup, and died January 
13, 1881 ; Lewis. August 13, 1810, died April 
13, 1881 : William, mentioned below. 

(VII) William (3), son of John Bullard, 
was born at Dedham, April 20, 1816, died 
suddenly, 'September 28, 1879. He married, 
at Brooklyn, March 4, 1841, Mary R. Hender- 
son, of Thomaston, Maine. She died sudden- 
ly in June, 1884, of heart failure. Children, 
born at Brooklyn, New York : William Mer- 
rill, mentioned below ; John Richards, March 
3, 1846, married Alary Richards; Lewis Hen- 
derson, December 21, 1848, married Mary 
Esther Perrin ; Mary, February 18, 1855, died 
October 31, 1896. 

(VIII) Dr. William Merrill Bullard, son of 
William ( 3 ) Bullard, was born at Brooklyn, 
New York, January 13, 1842. He attended 
the private school of Samuel Putnam in Brook- 
lyn and the Dedham high school, from which 
he was graduated in 1859. His father had 
come to Dedham in 1856 and built on the old 
homestead a substantial stone mansion. Dr. 
Bullard entered Amherst College and was grad- 
uated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
the class of 1863. In the same year he went 
abroad and began the study of medicine at 
Goettingen L'niversity, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of M. D. in 1867. 
He returned to this country and began to prac- 
tice his profession in Brooklyn, New York. 
Since 1871 he has resided at 302 Madison 
avenue. New York City. He is now retired 
from practice. Dr. Bullard was formerly a 
member of the New York Medical Society, 
the Academy of Medicine, the New York State 
Medical Society and the American Medical 
Association. He is a life member of the New 
England Society of New York and was for- 
merly a member of the L'niversity Club. While 
in Germany Dr. Bullard contributed to various 
medical publications. In politics he is a Dem- 
ocrat of the progressive type. He is a member 
of the Congregational church of Dedham. 

He married Sibbel Amelia Duff, of Boston, 
February 15, 187 1. She was born May 30, 
1842, died February 21, 1908, daughter of John 
and Keziah (Cobb) Dufl'. Children: i. William 
Duff, born March 22, 1872; graduate of the 
College of Physicians and Surgeon of New 
York in 1895 : died in the prime of life, after 
a short but very promising and successful 
career as a physician and surgeon, June 20, 
1906, aged thirty- four : married Anna Mary, 
daughter of D. S. Riker, of New York City. 
2. Frederick Lewis, born December 21, 1877; 
unmarried. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



519 



The Kidder family is one of the 
KIDDER ancient famihes of England. Ac- 
cording to tradition it is of the 
stock of ancient Britons, and existed as a fam- 
ily previous to the incursions of the Romans, 
Danes or Saxons. In some of the early .docu- 
ments the name is written Kyddwr, which 
would indicate ancient British lineage. The 
family name is avocational and has two mean- 
ings — a dresser of kid, for clothing: and a 
dealer in grain on a large scale. As early as 
1307 there was a family of the name living in 
Maresfield, county Sussex, about seventy miles 
from London. Their descendants continued to 
live there until about 1500. when a consider- 
able number of them emigrated to county Kent, 
and one family to London. The most distin- 
guished of the family was Richard Kidder, 
Bishop of Bath and Wells, born 1633. at East 
Grinstead, the birthplace of the American emi- 
grant, of whom he was a kinsman. Llis father 
was a reputable landholder in that place. He 
was educated at Emanuel College, Cambridge, 
and was rector of St. ]\Iartin's, London, pre- 
bend of Norwich, 1681, and dean of Peter- 
borough, 1689. The first mention of the Kid- 
der family in Alaresfield, describes them as 
bailififs of a royal park there, called Lancaster 
Great Park. 

( I ) James Kidder, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born at East Grinstead, county Sussex, 
England, in 1626, and was in Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1650, and probably earlier. In 
1653 he occupied a farm of two hundred and 
eighty-nine acres situated in what is now West 
Cambridge. The same year the town of Shaw- 
shine, now Billerica, was granted to Cam- 
bridge, and many of the older residents of the 
latter town removed there. Among them was 
James Kidder, who was there as early as 1656 
and probably earlier. Both he and his wife 
were members of the church in Cambridge in 
full communion, and when a church was organ- 
ized in Billerica they were among the first 
members. In 1662 he was a juror in Cam- 
bridge, and same year was made sergeant of 
the military company at Billerica. In 1675, at 
the time of King Philip's war, he kept guard 
over a small tribe of Indians at Wameset, now 
part of Lowell, and was soon after appointed 
to the command of a garrison house which 
contained seven families including his own. 
He married, in Cambridge, it is supposed in 
1649, Ann, daughter of Elder Francis Moore, 
one of the most wealthy and respectable men 
of the town. She survived him, and married 
(second) William L'nderwood, of Chelmsford, 
March 17. 1684-85. He died April 16, 1676. 
Children: Hannah, born March i, 1630-51: 
Dorothy, 1651-52 : James, January 3, 1653-54: 



John, mentioned below: Thomas, March i, 
1657: Nathaniel, 1658; Ephraim, August 31, 
1660: Stephen, November 26, 1662: Enoch, 
September, 1664; Samuel, January 7, 1666. 

( 11 ) Jiihn, son of James Kidder, was born 
in I anibridge, about 1656, and died in Chelms- 
ford, Massachusetts, where he had removed 
when a young man. In 1 68 1 he bought there 
five hundred acres of land lying on the west 
side of the Concord river, where he after- 
ards lived. He married Lydia, daughter of 
Abraham and Rose (Whitlock) Parker, of 
Woburn, in Chelmsford, December 3, 1684. 
He was living in 1746, when he and his two 
brothers, James and David, petitioned the 
judge of the probate court of Middlesex coun- 
ty for an administrator on the estate of their 
brother Benjamin. Children, all born in Chelms- 
ford : Anna, September 12, 1685; John, De- 
cember 23, 1687: Thomas, mentioned below; 
Nathaniel, December 13, 1692; Mary, April 9, 
169s : Joseph, August 11, 1697 ; Benjamin, Au- 
gust II, 1697; James, January 28, 1700; Jon- 
athan, January 14, 1 701 : Elizabeth, July 12, 
1704: David, October 11, 1706: Sarah, June 
2, 1709. 

( III ) Thomas, son of John Kidder, was 
born in Chelmsford, October 30, 1690, and 
married there, December 31, 17 16, Joanna 
Keyes. He was admitted to the church in 
Westford, a part of Chelmsford, xApril 7, 1728. 
Children: Thomas, born January 2, 1718; 
Aaron, December 22, 1719: Reuben, mention- 
ed below; Joseph, February 20, 1727-28. 

(IV) Reuben, son of Thomas Kidder, was 
born in Westford. January i. 1723, and died 
in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, September 
20, 1793. He lost his father at the age of six 
years, and was able to obtain only the rudi- 
ments of an education. His first occupation 
was that of a surveyor, and it is supposed to 
have been in this connection that he first be- 
came acquainted with the situation of New 
Ipswich, with which town he was afterwards 
prominently identified. He purchased from 
several of the original Ipswich grantees their 
rights of land there, and in 1749 obtained a 
title to about four shares. He was instru- 
mental in getting a new title granted in 1750, 
when he and his brother Joseph are both 
named among the grantees. By his influence 
and through his exertions a large number of 
young men were induced to buy lands and 
become settlers there, and for the first twenty 
years of its existence he was the father of 
the town. His farm was situated in the most 
attractive part of the town, and to the west 
was a range of mountains, the most promi- 
nent of which bore the name of "Kidder 
Mountain." He cultivated fruit on a ver\- ex- 



XEW ENGLAND. 



tensive scale, and before the revolution had 
one of the largest and most valuable orchards 
in New England. He built the first mill in 
this region, and seems to have been success- 
ful in all his enterprises. His mansion house 
was built in 1754, and in comfort and luxury 
was far superior to the average house of the 
period. He also owned the first carriage for 
twenty miles around. In 1754 the first mili- 
tary company of the town was organized, and 
he was made its lieutenant, and in 1759 its cap- 
tain. From Governor Wentworth, of New 
Hampshire, he obtained a commission appoint- 
ing him his "Majesty's Justice of the Peace," 
with almost unlimited power in his own and 
the surrounding towns. After the county was 
organized, he and others held a quarterly court 
at Amherst. In 1762 he was chosen to go to 
the general court and obtain a charter for the 
town, and after its incorporation presided at 
the reorganization. He also received a grant, 
under certain restrictions, of a township of 
land afterwards called Camden, and expended 
much time and money in attempting to settle 
it, but was prevented in a large measure by the 
revolution and the subsequent pecuniary diffi- 
culties. In 1770 he was appointed by Governor 
Wentworth colonel of a regiment of militia, 
but was superseded in 1775 on account of his 
opposition to the patriot cause. During the 
war, however, he paid his full proportion 
towards carrying it on. He assisted in the 
organization of the first church in New Ips- 
wich, and was a member, but later adopted 
more liberal views. He was widely influential 
and highly respected, and in his business rela- 
tions honorable and just. In person he was 
tall and dignified, with courteous and affable 
manners. He married, March 21, 1754, Sus- 
annah Burge, of Chelmsford, born April, 1736, 
died November 27, 1824. He died September 
20, 1793. Children: Sarah, born September 
24, 1758; Miriam, April 10, 1760; Ruth, April 

I, 1762: Susannah, Augvist 5, 1764; Abigail, 
September 19, 1766; Reuben, mentioned below; 
Isaiah, February 3, 1770; Josiah, July 27, 
1771 ; Betsey, June 11, 1773; Joanna, October 

II, 1775; Lydia, February 2, 1777; Jeremiah, 
March 12, 1781. 

(V) Reuben (2), son of Reuben (i) Kid- 
der, was born April 3, 1768, in New Ipswich, 
and died in New Harmony, Indiana, in 181 7. 
He graduated from Dartmouth College with 
the degree of A. B. in 1791, studied law, in 
due time was admitted to practice, and estab- 
lished himself in Waterville, Maine, in 1795, 
the first lawyer to venture so far north. In 
1816, with many others, he was seized with a 
desire to go west, and moved to New Har- 
mony, Indiana, where he died the following 



year. He was a man of ability, a good lawyer, 
and much respected for his integrity of char- 
acter. He married Lois Crosby, who died in 
1809. Children: George, died young; Henry, 
died at Port au Prince, aged fifteen; Camillus, 
mentioned below: Jerome G., born 1808, died 
1882. 

(\'I) Camillus, son of Reuben (2) Kidder, 
was born June 27, 1805, at Waterville, Maine, 
and died in Boston, January 16, 1883. When 
a young man he removed to Bangor, Maine, 
and later to Cambridge, Alaryland, thence to 
Baltimore in 1842, where he did a commission 
business for many years, dealing chiefly in 
resin and naval stores. His business was much 
injured by the civil war, and, as he was a 
staunch Unionist, his personal safety was 
threatened at the outbreak of the war. He 
never held public office except that of militia 
captain in his early days. He was an "Old 
Line Whig" in politics, and an intimate friend 
of Thomas Holliday Hicks, the War Governor 
of Maryland, whom he aided in many cam- 
])aigns. 

He married, October 16, 1834, Sarah Thomp- 
son, daughter of General Jedediah and Me- 
hitable (Thompson) Herrick, of Hampden, 
Maine. She was born July 10, 1814, died in 
Boston, November 26, 1881, and was buried 
from King's Chapel. Children: i. Elizabeth, 
born September 6, 1835, at Bangor. 2. Jerome 
Henry, mentioned below. 3. Camillus George, 
mentioned below. Elizabeth married, April 
18, i860, John Truslow, merchant, of New 
York, manufacturer, president of the Tax 
Board of Brooklyn, vice-president of a trust 
company ; children : Robert Truslow, July 9, 
1861, graduate of Harvard, 1887: Sarah Trus- 
low, June 26, 1863; John, November 26, 1865, 
graduate of Amherst, 1887, deceased; Arthur 
Truslow. February 2, 1868, graduate of Am- 
herst, 1889: Walter Truslow, February 28, 
1871 ; Marv Truslow. born May 2, 1873, died 
1876. 

(VII) Dr. Jerome Henry Kidder, son of 
Camillus Kidder, was born in Baltimore, Mary- 
land, October 26, 1842. He was graduated 
from Harvard College in the class of 1862 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
three years later received the degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts. He served in the L^nion army 
in the civil war as private and non-commis- 
sioned officer in the Tenth Maryland Regiment 
Volunteer Militia, from June 16, 1863, to Janu- 
ary 31, 1864, and was attached to the United 
States general hospitals "Patterson Park" and 
"Hicks" as medical cadet in 1864-65-66. He 
received the degree of M. D. from the Univer- 
sity of Maryland in March, 1866, and was 
appointed acting assistant surgeon, United 



NEW ENGI.AXD. 



521 



States Navy, April zj, 1866, and commission- 
ed assistant surgeon June 16, 1866. He was 
appointed December 17, 1869, "Cavalleiro de 
Real Order Militai Portugesa de Noss Senhor 
Jesus Christ," by the King of Portugal, and 
the decoration was authorized by joint resolu- 
tion of Congress, approved May 26, 1870. He 
was promoted to passed assistant surgeon, 
March 10, 1871 ; he served in Japan during 
1868-69-70. In March, 1874, he was sent on 
the "Swatara" as surgeon and naturalist to the 
expedition for the observation of the transit of 
Venus. He was promoted to the rank of sur- 
geon in the United States Navy, and during 
many years was engaged in scientific work in 
Washington, D. C, at the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution and at the Naval Laboratory, and from 
time to time was connected with the United 
States Fish Commission. He died April 8, 
1889. For several years he had been retired 
from active service. 

He married, September, 1878, Anne Mary, 
daughter of Hon. Horace Maynard, of Ten- 
nessee, who was Minister to Turkey and Post- 
master General of the United States. Chil- 
dren: I. Anne Maynard, born August 13, 1880: 
married Edward B. Wilson, Ph. D., professor 
of biology at Columbia University, New York. 
2. Henry Maynard, born October 31, 1882; an 
attorney-at-law. 3. Dorothy Laura, born June 
20, 1884: married, June, 1909, Lawrason Riggs 
Jr.. an attorney-at-law, New York. 

( XTD Camillus George, son of Camillus 
Kidder, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, July 
6, 1850. He prepared for college at Phillips 
Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire, and entered 
Harvard College, from which he was graduated 
in the class of 1872, taking high rank. After 
graduating he taught private pupils for about 
a year, and studied law. In the spring of 1873 
he went abroad. In the following autumn he 
entered Harvard Law School and graduated 
with the degree of LL. B., cum laudc, in June, 
1875. From the time of his graduation until 
January, 1877, he was managing clerk in the 
law office of Emott, Burnett & Hammond, 120 
Broadway, New York City, when he was ad- 
mitted to the bar of New York, and in No- 
vember, 1877, he became junior partner in the 
firm, and in February, 1879, the firm name was 
changed to Emott, Hammond & Kidder. L'pon 
the death of the senior partner it became 
Emott. Burnett & Kidder. Since then he has 
practiced in New York, his present firm being 
Kidder, Melcher & Ayres. His office is at 27 
William street. His home is in Orange, New 
Jersey, where he has lived for many years, and 
"has taken an active part in public aiTairs. For 
nine years he served on the excise board, of 
which he was for several years chairman. He 



was appointed one of the commissioners of 
parks of Orange by the Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of New Jersey. In politics he 
is a Cleveland Democrat. He is a member of 
the Harvard Clubs of New York and New 
Jersey, the Century Association, the City Club 
of New York, the University Club of New 
York, the Phi Beta Kappa, the New England 
Society of New York, the New England Soci- 
ety of Orange, New Jersey, the New York 
Civil Service Reform Association, the Reform 
Club and City Club of New York, Phillips 
Exeter Academy Alumni Association, and the 
Bunker Hill Association. In religion he is an 
Episcopalian. 

He married, December 3. 1881, in New York 
City. Matilda Cushman Faber. born in New 
York City, January 21, 1857, daughter of Gus- 
tavus William and Angelica (Cushman) Faber. 
Children : Jerome Faber, born February 10, 
1883, at Orange; Lois Faber, May 6, 1885: 
George Herrick Faber, October 11, 1888. 



John Livermore. the immi- 
LI\'I<:RM0RE grant ancestor, was born in 

England, and sailed from 
the port of Ipswich in April, 1634, at the age 
of twenty-eight years, in the ship "Francis." 
He married Grace, daughter of Edmund and 
Grace (Makin) Sherman, of Dedham and Col- 
chester, county Essex, England. Her father 
also came in 1634, and died at New Haven, 
Connecticut, in 1641. Livermore was admitted 
a freeman May 6, 1635. In the same year he 
went to Wethersfield, Connecticut, and in 
1638-9 he was one of the original settlers of 
New Haven, Connecticut, and signed the fund- 
amental agreement. His home lot was on the 
west side of Fleet street, next but one to the 
harbor. He was a potter by trade. He became 
a prominent citizen, and held the office of 
selectman and other offices ; was admitted a 
freeman October 29, 1640, and took the oath 
of fidelity July I, 1644. He was corporal of 
the New Haven company in 1646, resigning in 
1647 because he expected to go to England. 
He returned to Watertown, Massachusetts, 
where he was on jury duty in July, 1653. He 
owned two acres on the east side of Fresh 
Pond, and other lands in Watertown ; was con- 
stable there in 1654 and for several years 
afterward ; selectman 1665-6-7-8-9, and on the 
prudential committee in 1668. He died April 
14, 1684, aged seventy-eight. His will was 
proved June 16, 1684. His wife died at 
Chelmsford, January 14, 1690. aged seventy- 
five. Her will was dated December 19. 1690. 
and proved June, 1691. Children: Hannah, 
born 1633 : Elizabeth : Sarah : John, mentioned 
below ; Nathaniel ; Samuel, Ixirn May i i. V^o. 



522 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



at New Haven ; Daniel, baptized at New 
Haven. October 7, 1643; Mary, baptized Sep- 
tember 12, 1647; Edmund, born at Water- 
town, March 8, 1659; Martha. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Livermore. 
was born probably at Wethersfield in 1638, 
and died February 9. 1719, at Weston. Massa- 
chusetts, aged eighty. He married (first) Han- 
nah . mother of all his children; (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth, daughter of Captain John and 
Sarah (Busley) Grout, of Sudbury, widow of 
Samuel All. She was born in Sudbury in 1666, 
and died May 30. 1732. John Livermore was 
admitted a freeman April 18. 1690. and resided 
at Weston, now Watertown. near the Sudbury 
line. He was tythingman in 1679, selectman 
of Watertown in 1692. collector of rates 
1692-3. and assessor in 1695. He was a sol- 
dier in King Philip's war in 1675. and had the 
rank then or later of ensign and lieutenant. 
His will was dated October 20. 1714. and 
proved February 25. 1719. Children, born at 
Watertown: John. March 21. 1668; Hannah. 
September 27. 1670; Sarah. February 18. 1673 ; 
Joseph. January 27. 1675 ; Daniel, mentioned 
below; James. February 13. 1680; Martha. 
April II. 1684; Mary, twin of Martha; John. 
July 8. 1690. 

(HI) Daniel, son of John (2) Livermore. 
was born at Watertown. June 8. 1678. and 
died March 16. 1727. He married Mehitable. 
daughter of Nathaniel and Mehitable (Hager) 
Norcross. She was born February 4. 1691. 
Daniel was an ensign in the militia. He was 
one of the original proprietors of the town of 
Leicester. Massachusetts, and in 17 19 was 
granted four hundred acres in the County 
Gore, where he built a house on lot 29. at the 
foot of Livermore Hill, in the south part of the 
town. In 1 72 1 he was fence viewer at Leices- 
ter. Children: Daniel and Joseph, twins. 
born January 16. 1708; Jonas, May 13. 1710; 
Mehitable. March 13. 1713; Isaac, baptized 
November 13. 1715. died young; Sarah, born 
March 7, 1717; Isaac. May 11. 1720; Hannah. 
April 16. 1723; Abraham. November 9. 1724; 
Nathan. March 22. 1727. 

(IV) Daniel (2). son of Daniel (i) Liver- 
more. was born at Weston. January 16. 1708. 
He married, in 1732. Mary, daughter of Rich- 
ard and Elizabeth (Stewart) Southgate. She 
was born in England, in 1712. Daniel was one 
of the eight signers of the request to Edmund 
Trowbridge, justice of the peace, to call the 
first precinct meeting at Weston, dated No- 
vember 19. 1746. He was constable of Weston 
in 1755. Children, born at Weston: Daniel, 
mentioned below; Mary. November 13. 1737; 
Haynes. February 23, 1740; Sarah. September 



13. 1742; Anne, October 25, 1744; Abraham. 
August 13, 1749. 

(V) Daniel (3). son of Daniel (2) Liver- 
more. was born November 24, 1734, at Weston, 
and died October 19. 1787. He married. No- 
vember 25. 1756. in Weston, Lucy, daughter 
of Jonathan and Dinah (Bemis) Stratton. She 
was baptized in 1739. Daniel was fence viewer 
in 1758; surveyor of highways in 1763; deer- 
reeve in 1770; constable in 1776; warden in 
1778. Children, born at Weston: Daniel. 
May 28. 1758; Mary. February 24. 1760; 
Ephraim. October 22, 1762; Alary, baptized 
March 17. 1765 ; Anna, baptized July 12. 1767 ; 
Aaron, mentioned below ; Sarah, baptized De- 
cember 22. 1 771 ; Elizabeth, baptized August 
-9' ^775'- William, baptized October 22. 1774; 
Emma, baptized November 16. 1777; Miranda, 
born September 12. 1779. 

(VI) Aaron, son of Daniel (3) Livermore. 
was born at Weston. Massachusetts, August 3, 
1767, and died at Alstead, New Hampshire, 
April II, 1842. He married. February 12. 
1794. in Princeton. Catharine Hoyt. born June 
24. 1770. in Hubbardston. died April 21. 1851. 
in Alstead. They removed from Princeton 
about 1796 and settled in Alstead. Children: 
I""anny, born in Princeton. May 17, 1795. Born 
in .A.lstead: Katherine. April 17. 1797: Mary. 
July 17. 1799; John. July 11. 1801 ; Charles 
Grandison. July 17, 1803; Ezra, mentioned 
below; Aaron Russell. October 28. 1810; Pas- 
chal. December 19. 1812. 

(VII) Ezra, son of Aaron Livermore, was 
born at Alstead. August 28. 1805. and died at 
Keene. New Hampshire. December 28. 1884. 
He married. September 11. 1826. Betsey Kid- 
der, born November 25. 1805. died July 11, 
1879. daughter of James and Hannah Kidder. 
(See Kidder). He married (second) Decem- 
ber. 1879. in Dalton, New Hampshire. Lydia 
I'rooks. He was a farmer in Keene. (Chil- 
dren: I. Emily Calista, born November 26. 
1827, died October 20, 1892; married Z. K. 
Graves. 2. Adaline Julia, born May 30, 1829, 
at Dalton; married May 7. 1850. Gerould E. 
Fay. of Alstead. who died in Keene. February 
I. 1883. 3. Aaron Kidder, born June 11. 1831 ; 
married Urania B. Richardson, of Alstead. 
September 28. 1854. 4. Charles Grandison. 
April 9. 1833. at Dalton. died in New Mexico. 
February 14. 1883. 5. Hannah Catherine, bom 
November 30. 1834. at Dalton ; married. March 
3. 1854. Albert Hubbard, and she died at Gil- 
sum. New Hampshire. June 9. 1879. 6. James 
Russell, mentioned below. 7. Paschal Gerould. 
born June 30. 1838. died in Arizona. 8. Daland 
,\rba. born March 18. 1840. at Alstead; mar- 
ried in Joplin. Missouri. 9. Harlan Page, born 



XEW EXGLAXD. 



February 21. 1842. at Alstead, died November 
25. 1844. 10. Martin Henry (or Henry Mar- 
tin), born at Alstead, October 5, 1845 ; died in 
Xeene, January 29, 1856. 11. George Kidder, 
April 12, 1848, at Alstead: married Mary 
Howard and Lizzie Curtis ; died in Ouincy, 
Massachusetts. 

(\'IH) James Russell, son of Ezra Liver- 
more, was born at Dalton, Xew Hampshire, 
August 31, 1836. He was educated in the 
public schools. He married, March 26, 1857, 
at Alstead, Sarah, daughter of George Wash- 
ington and Elizabeth Gray (Dart) Blake. (See 
Blake). She was born December 23, 1837. 
Children: i. Sarah Ariadne, born Alarch 27, 
1859: married October 17, 1878, Erank Allen 
Barrett, born November 26, 1856. in Stod- 
dard. 2. Arthur Leslie, mentioned below. 3. 
Lottie, born June 6, 1872, in Keene. 4. Grace 
Betsey, January 20, 1877, in Keene. 

(IX) Arthur Leslie, son of James Russell 
Livermore, was born at Alstead, December 6, 
1864. He attended the public schools, the 
Keene high school, the Holderness Protestant 
Episcopal School at Plymouth, New Hamp- 
shire, and Gushing Academy in Ashburnham, 
Massachusetts. He graduated from Dean 
Academy, [-"ranklin. Massachusetts, in the class 
of 1884. He then entered Dartmouth College, 
from which he was graduated with the degree 
of bachelor of arts in 1888. Eor a time he was 
a teacher in the high school at Houston. Texas, 
and after two years, during which he also 
studied law, he was admitted to the bar in 
1890 and began practice there. In 1889 he was 
the orator at the first joint gathering and cele- 
bration of Memorial Day of John A. Logan 
Post. Grand Army of the Republic, and Albert 
Sidney Johnston Camp of Confederate Veter- 
ans, an occasion of historical importance 
marking an epoch in the era of reconciliation 
between north and south. Mr. Livermore 
achieved a position of prominence and leader- 
ship in Texas. In 1892 he came to New York 
City, and in 1893 -was admitted to the New 
York bar. Since then he has practiced in New 
York city. He is a member of the LTnion 
League Club of New York : the New York 
Athletic Club: the Dartmouth College Club: 
the New England Society of New York : the 
Bar Association of New York, and the Xew 
York Countv Lawvers .Association. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican. 

He married, October 21. 1890. Henrietta 
Jackson, born April 21. 1864. in San Eran- 
cisco. daughter of Henry J. and Maria 
Wells, of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren : Henry Wells, born at Cambridge, July 
8. 1891 : Russell Blake, bnrn at Yonkers. Xew 
York, March 22, 1894. 



(The Blake Line). 

(I) John Blake, the immigrant ancestor, was 
probably related to William Blake, who settled 
at Dorchester. Massachusetts, and was the pro- 
genitor of most of the Massachusetts Blakes. 
William was baptized at Pitminster, England, 
July 10, 1594, and his ancestry has been traced 
for many generations in England. The recur- 
rence of the same names in the families of 
William and John, and the fact that they set- 
tled in the same vicinity and descendants of 
both lived in Dorchester, supports the belief 
that they were of the same stock. John may be 
a son of Henry Blake, or Black (the name was 
also spelled Blage, Blague and Blacke), who 
came to Plymouth and was employed by Eliz- 
abeth Watson, Thomas Watson and John 
Rogers, and removed to Braintree. Massachu- 
setts, about 1639. and later to Boston, where 
he died July 28. 1662. leaving a widow and 
seven children, the names of whom are not all 
known for a certainty. John Blake settled at 
Wrentham, formerly part of Dedham, a town 
adjacent to Braintree and Boston and Dor- 
chester. About all that is known of him is 
from a deed (Suffolk xvi. p. 89) in which 
John Blake, now of W'rentham. formerly of 
"Sandwnch. Massachusetts, in 1686. with Ed- 
ward Pratt and others, divided lands previously 
bought of John Wampum, alias White, an In- 
dian of Assanawesock. then deceased. He 

married Bridget . who died May 30. 

1706. He died May 25. 1700. Children: Rob- 
ert, mentioned below : Andrew, married at 
Wrentham. 1696. Sarah Stevens: John, mar- 
ried, 1689, Joanna Whiting: Isaac, of Wrent- 
ham. Robert's farm was on the east side of 
Blake's Pond on Crown Hill. Descendants 
lived in Wrentham and Franklin. 

(II) Captain Robert Blake, born in 1675, 
died at Wrentham. Massachusetts. October 4. 
1733. aged sixty years. He was a prominent 
citizen and captain of the militia. He married, 
at Wrentham. January 7. 1702-3. Sarah, 
daughter of John Guild, and granddaughter of 
John Guild, the immigrant ancestor of Gov- 
ernor Curtis Guild and many other prominent 
men of the name in Xew England. She mar- 
ried (second). March 30. 1738, Xathaniel 
Perry, and she died July 30, 1757. Children 
of Robert and Sarah Perry: i. Betty, born 
July 21. 1703. 2. Sarah. August 18, 1705. 3. 
Robert. December 22. 1707. died 1776. 4. 
Josiah. born March 4. 1709-10. 5. Nathan. 
March 13. 171 1-12 : he was one of the first set- 
tlers, one of three who attempted to spend the 
winter of 17.^6-7 at Upper .-\shuelot. New 
Hamp.shire (Keene). and built the first log 
house in the town in 1736 on the lot at the 
north corner of what is now Main and Win- 



5^4 



XEW ex(;laxd. 



Chester streets, where his descendants of the 
fourth, fifth and sixth generations still reside; 
one of the original members of the Keene 
church in 1738; one of the thirty-nine who 
were granted ten acres each of upland in 1740 
for having lived two years or more in the 
township and built a house; married, in 1742, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham Graves, of 
Lower Ashuelot, formerly of Wrentham. 
Nathan was captured by the Indians in 1746, 
returned to Keene in 1749, and built one of 
the first houses erected at that time, on the 
site of his log cabin which had been burned 
by the Indians ; his name is on the alarm list 
of 1773, and he signed the Association Test in 
1776; fought in the French and Indian war; 
at the age of ninety-four he married Mrs. 
Mary Brinton, "a fascinating widow of sixty- 
four," and he died on his farm in 181 1, aged 
ninety-nine years five months ; his brother Oba- 
diah and sister Sarah, wife of Thomas Fisher, 
came to Ashuelot with him, and their brother 
Elijah came later. 6. Ezra, born May 4, 17 14. 
7. Obadiah, mentioned below. 8. Esther, July 
23, 1721. 9. Elijah, October 23, 1723. 

(Ill) Dr. Obadiah Blake, son of Robert 
Blake, was born in Wrentham, Massachusetts, 
June 9, 1719. He came to Upper Ashuelot in 
1737 or 1738, when a young man, and was one 
of those granted ten acres of upland for hav- 
ing lived two years or more in the township, 
and built a house. During the French and 
Indian war, with others, he had to abandon his 
farm and return to \\'rentham. where he was 
living, according to the birth records of chil- 
dren, from 1752 to 1756. He was one of the 
original members of the church at its forma- 
tion in 1738, was one of its first deacons, 
chosen in 1763, and held that office until his 
death, a period of forty-seven years. While 
he was living in Wrentham, February 20, 1750, 
he and his brother Elijah signed a petition for 
the incorporation of the town of Keene, and 
he was one of the grantees in 1753. His name 
is on the alarm list in 1773, but he must have 
been absent in April, 1776, as he did not sign 
the Association Test. He was the second 
physician in town, Jeremiah Hall having been 
the first, and his practice extended over a large 
territory, as far as Hardwick and Royalston, 
in Massachusetts ; Westminster, Vermont ; and 
Croyden, New Hampshire. His journeys on 
horseback, by trails or marked trees, were long, 
and his fees were small, and usually paid in 
farm produce. He had a jocose way of keep- 
ing his accounts, sometimes closing them with 
such entries as "Cancelled in full by poverty ;" 
"Ran away;" "Settled by death;" "Left with 
Noah Cooke (the lawyer) ;" and at long inter- 
vals, "paid in cash to me." He bequeathed his 



saddle bags, vials and lancet to his son, Oba- 
diah Jr. He died in 1810, aged ninety-two, 
and was buried in the west yard on Bradford 
street, Keene. His home was in the west part, 
where the stone farm house now stands, and 
where his descendants still reside. He married, 
at Wrentham, November 27, 1749, Zipporah 

Harris. He married (second) Lydia . 

He had seven children by his first wife. Chil- 
dren : Child, born 1750; Zipporah, at Wrent- 
ham, January 7, 1752; Obadiah, September 
26, 1753, a revolutionary soldier, succeeded to 
his father's practice; Benjamin, at Wrentham, 
March 17, 1735 ; Royal, mentioned below. Born 
at Keene: Elijah. September 7, 1763; Artemas, 
December 5, 1765 ; Eli, October 20, 1767. 

(IV) Royal, son of Dr. Obadiah Blake, was 
born at Wrentham, ^Massachusetts, June 30, 
1756, died October 9, 1827. He was a soldier 
in the revolution, and signed the Association 
Test in 1776 (see page 205, "History of 
Keene," for list). He was in Captain Davis 
Hewlett's company of eighty men from Keene, 
under Colonel Ashley, in the Burgoyne cam- 
paign. He owned a pew in the church, accord- 
ing to the list of 1785. In 1788 he and others 
were voted arrears of pay for revolutionary 
service. In 1820 he was a school visitor. He 
was a farmer and merchant. He married 
(first), January 18, 1777, at Keene, Hannah 
Metcalf, who died at Keene, November 5, 
1779, aged nineteen years seven months. He 
married (second), November 21, 1794, Phillis 
Jennerson (or Jennison), who died September 
6, 1827, at Keene. Children by first wife, born 
at Keene: Solomon, March 3, 1778; Joseph, 
August 14, 1779, died November 6, 1779. Chil- 
dren of second wife: Ira, February 15, 1785; 
Simon, October 28, 1787: George W., Decem- 
ber 14, 1789 ; Darius, January 27, 1791 ; Royal, 
March 17, 1793; Charles, August 12, 1795; 
Elijah, February 19, 1798; Cyrus, March 9, 
1800; Hannah, March 29, 1802; Stephen Jen- 
nerson (or Jennison), June 22, 1804; Christo- 
pher. June 3, 1806; Alfred, October 27, 1809. 

(Y) George W., son of Royal Blake, was 
born in Keene, December 14, 1789. He settled 
at Alstead, New Hampshire. He married Eliza- 
beth G. Dart (or Dort'), of Cheshire county. 
New Hampshire. Their daughter Sarah mar- 
ried James Russell Livermore (seeLivermore). 

(The Kidder Line). 

(Ill) James (2) Kidder, son of John Kid- 
der ((|. v.), was born in Chelmsford, Janu- 
ary 28, 1700. He was in Captain Richardson's 
companv of rangers in Lovewell's Indian war 
in 1724. His house was burned July 14, 1754. 
He lived in Chelmsford. He married, in 1729, 
Abigail Whitcomb, who died April 16, 1749. 



\'E\V EXCI.AXD. 



525 



Children: James, born January 4. 173° : Eliza- 
beth, December 26, 1738; Samuel, October 13, 
1740; Sarah, March 15, 1741-42: Lydia, Au- 
gust 2, 1743 ; James, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
November 8, 1746: Isaac, April 14, 1749. 

(IV) James (3), son of James (2) Kidder, 
was borii in Chelmsford, May 14, 174S. and 
died Tune 10, 1820, at Alstead, New Hamp- 
shire." He married Deborah Weed, born April 
II, 1749, died at Alstead, December 30, 1830. 
Children: Anna, born June 22, 1772; James, 
mentioned below: Abigail, October 8, 1776: 
Chapin, April 12, 1779; Ezra, July 29, 1781 : 
Grace, May 28, 1784: Deborah, September 25, 
1787: Nahum, February 20, 1790. 

(V) James (4), son of James (3) Kidder, 
was born at Alstead, New Hampshire, July 
2-], 1774, died March 24, 1837. He married 
Hannah Brooks, born January 10, 1778, died 
March 11, 1843. Children, born at Alstead: 
Abigail, September 18, 1801 : Nelson, August 
22. 1803 ; Betsey, November 25, 1805 : mar- 
ried Ezra Livermore (q. v.) ; Arba, February 
T, 1808; Calista, January 22, 1810 ; James Alex- 
ander, January 21. 1812: Deborah Ann, Sep- 
tember 3, 1814. 

William Brewster lived in 
BREWSTER Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, 

England, as early as 1570 or 
1S71. in which year he was assessed in that 
town on goods valued at £3. In 1575 or 1576 
he was appointed by Archbishop Sandys re- 
ceiver of Scrooby and bailiff of the manor 
house in that place belonging to the Bishop, to 
have life tenure of both offices. Sometime in 
the year 1583 or possibly before, he was ap- 
pointed to the additional office of postmaster, 
under the Crown. He was known as the 
"Post" of Scrooby, and was master of the 
court mails, which were accessible only to 
those connected with the court. His wife was 

Prudence . He died in the summer of 

1 5C>o. 

(H) Elder William Brewster, the immi- 
grant ancestor, who came in the "Mayflower," 
was born during the last half of the year 1566 
or the first half of 1567, the date being fixed 
by an affidavit made by him at Leyden, June 
25, 1609, when he declared his age to be forty- 
two years. The place of his birth is not known, 
but is supposed to have been Scrooby. The 
parish registers of Scrooby do not begin until 
1695, and no records of Brewster's birth, bap- 
tism or marriage have ever been discovered. He 
matriculated at Peterhouse, which was then 
the "oldest of the fourteen colleges grouped 
into the University of Cambridge," December 
3, 1580, but does not appear to have stayed 
long enough to take his degree. He is next 



found as a "discreete and faithfull" assistant of 
William Davison, Secretary of State to Queen 
Elizabeth, and accompanied that gentleman on 
his embas.sy to the Netherlands in August, 1585, 
and served him at court after his return until 
his downfall in 1587. He then returned to 
Scrooby, where he was held in high esteem 
among the people, and did much good "in pro- 
moting and furthering religion," In 1590 he 
was appointed administrator of the estate of 
his father, who died in the summer of that 
year, and succeeded him as postmaster, which 
position he held until September 30, 1607. 
While in Scrooby he lived in the old manor 
house, where the members of the Pilgrim 
church were accustomed to meet on Sunday. 
When the Pilgrims attanpted to remove to 
Holland in the latter part of 1607, they were 
imprisoned at Boston. Brewster was among 
those imprisoned, and suffered the greatest 
loss. After he reached Holland he endured 
many unaccustomed hardships, not being as 
well fitted as the others for the hard labor 
which was their common lot, and spent most 
of his means in providing for his children. 
During the latter part of the twelve years spent 
in Holland, he increased his income by teach- 
ing and by the profits from a printing press 
which he set up in Leyden. When, after the 
twelve years, it was decided that the church 
at Leyden should emigrate to Virginia, Brew- 
ster, who had already been chosen elder, was 
desired to go with the first company. He was 
therefore, with his wife Mary and two young 
sons, among the passengers of the "May- 
flower," which landed in Plymouth harbor, De- 
cember 16, 1620. Here he bore an important 
part in establishing the Pilgrim republic, was 
one of the signers of the famous Compact, and 
believed to have drafted the same. He was the 
moral, religious and spiritual leader of the 
colony during its first year, and its chief ad- 
viser and trusted guide until his death. His 
wife, 3.1arv , died April 17, 1627, some- 
what less than sixtv vears old. Elder Brew- 
ster died April 10, '1644, in Plymouth, and a 
final division of his estate was made by Brad- 
ford. Winslow, Prence and Standish, between 
Jonathan and Love, his only remaining chil- 
dren. Children: Jonathan, born August 13, 
1598, at Scrooby: Patience: Fear: child, died 
in Levden, buried June 20, 1609 : Love, men- 
tioned below: Wrestling, came in the "May- 
flower" with his parents and brother Love, was 
living at the time of the division of cattle, :May 
22, 1627. 

(Ill) Love, son of Elder William Brewster, 
came over in the "Mavflower" with his par- 
ents and brother Wrestling. He married, at 
Plvmouth, May iv iri34, Sarah, daughter of 



526 



NEW EiXGLAXD. 



William Collier, of Duxbury. She survived 
him and married (second), after September i, 
1656, Richard Parke, of Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts. She died a widow, April 26, 1691, 
at Plymouth. Her father, William Collier, 
was born in England, and was one of the 
"Merchant Adventurers'" of London. He came 
to New England in 1633, was elected an assist- 
ant councilor to the governor of Plymouth 
Colony, 1634, and with one exception every 
year until 1666. He was also one of two com- 
missioners appointed by the colony to form a 
confederation of the New England colonies, 
1643. He was rated the highest on the tax list 
in Duxbury, and was apparently the wealthiest 
man there. He was admitted a freeman of the 
Plymouth colony March 2, 1635-36, but re- 
moved some years later to Duxbury, where "he 
devoted himself to the cultivation of the pater- 
nal acres * * * forming there with his father 
a family home." In 1637 his name appears 
among those who volunteered to serve in the 
Pequot war from the colony of New Plymouth. 
He was a member of Captain Miles Standish's 
Duxbury company in the military enrollment 
of 1643 ; was grand juryman from Duxbury in 
1643; and in 1645 one of the proprietors of 
the extension of Duxbury, afterward known 
as Bridgewater. He died in 1650, according 
to Governor Bradford's "List of Mayflower 
Passengers." His will is dated October 6, 1650, 
and the inventory of his estate was taken Janu- 
ary 31, 1650-51. Children: Sarah, married at 
Duxbury, about 1656, as his second wife, Ben- 
jamin Bartlett : Nathaniel, called eldest son, 
died 1676; William, mentioned below; Wrest- 
ling, called "yoiuigest son." 

(I\') Deacon William Brewster, son of Love 
Brewster, married, January 2, 1672, Lydia, 
daughter of George and Sarah (Tracy) Part- 
ridge, died February 2, 1742-43. He lived in 
Duxbury, where he was made a freeman, 1689. 
He was for many years deacon of the church, 
and was "often employed to good advantage in 
the civil afifairs of the town." He was an ex- 
tensive landowner, and distributed the land by 
deeds to his sons. He died November 3, 1723, 
"aged near 78 year." Children, born at Dux- 
bury: Sarah, April 25, 1674; Nathaniel, No- 
vember 8, 1676; Lydia, February 11, 1680: 
William, May 4, 1683 : Mercy, December 7, 
1685; Benjamin, mentioned below: Joseph, 
March 17, 1693-94; Joshua, about 1698. 

(\') Benjamin, son of \\'illiam Brewster, 
was born in Duxbury, July 7, 1688, and mar- 
ried (first), at Preston, (Tonnecticut, October 
TO or 16, 1713. Elizabeth, daughter of Ebcn- 
ezer and Dorothy (Morgan) Witter, born in 
Preston, March 3, 1694, died February 21, 
1740-41. Ebenezer Witter was son of Josiah, 



who was .son of William Witter, of Lynn, 
Massachusetts, originally from Scotland. He 
married (second), at Norwich, Connecticut, 
June 10, 1741, Sarah, daughter of Hugh and 
Phebe (Abell) Caulkins, of Norwich, born 
there May 6, 17 16, died before January 24, 
1765. Her father, Hugh Caulkins, was son of 
Hugh, son of John, son of Hugh, of Glou- 
cester, Massachusetts, New London and Nor- 
wich, Connecticut. Letters of administration 
on Benjamin Brewster's estate were granted to 
his widow Sarah and eldest son William, No- 
vember 7, 1752. The estate was appraised at 
£2340, and was divided as follows : 'The widow, 
a third ; the eldest child, William, a double 
part ; and one part each to his children — Simon, 
Abel, Amos, Cyrus, Jonas, Elizabeth, Lois and 
Joanna. Children, recorded at Preston : Will- 
iam, born September 16, 1714; Grace, baptized 
-April 7, 1717 ; Simon, mentioned below ; Judah, 
born April 7, 1723, died young; Abel, May 22, 
1725; Judah, February 27, 1729; Elizabeth, 
October 27, 1732 ; Amos, June 22, 1735 ; Cyrus, 
August 18, 1738. Children of second wife; 
Jonas, June 16, 1743; Lois, baptized Novem- 
ber II, 1744; Elias. baptized May 8, 1748; 
Joanna, baptized April 24, 1752. 

( \'I ) Simon, son of Benjamin Brewster, was 
born in Preston, June 10, 1720, and married, 
May 25, 1742, Anne, daughter of John and 
Ruth (Gates) Andrus, of Norwich, Connecti- 
cut, born there and died at Griswold, Connecti- 
cut, October 20, 1809, aged eighty-eight years. 
He died at Griswold, June 29, 1801, and both 
were buried in the Brewster cemetery there. 
Children, recorded at Preston ; Lydia, born 
March 13, 1743; Asher, July 22, 1745; Judah, 
January 15, 1749; Simon, Alay I, 1751 ; Anne, 
September 19, 1753; Olive, August 28, 1757; 
Elias, September ii, 1759; Dr. Elisha, October 
22. 1761 ; Joseph, mentioned below; Mercy, 
July I, 1765. 

(\TI) Joseph, son of Simon Brewster, was 
born in Preston, August 28, 1763, and married 
there, December 25, 1785. Hannah, daughter 
of Stephen and Mary (Brown) Tucker, of 
Preston. They lived in Norwich, where he 
owned a farm of two hundred acres. He died 
at sea, October 10, 1805. Children, the first 
four born at Preston, the last two born at Nor- 
wich : Joseph, May 28, 1787; James, August 
6, 1788; Lemuel, June 6, 1791-92; Patrick, 
mentioned below ; Hannah Maria, February 6, 
1795 ; Sophia, died unmarried ; Elizabeth, Janu- 
^''y 15- 1709: Benjamin, October 20, 1800, died 
unmarried. 

( \'HI ) Patrick, son of Jose]ih Brewster, was 
born at Preston. February 23, 1793, and mar- 
ried at Norwich, September 13, 1822, Cath- 
arine Fanny, daughter of Abiel and Mary 



NEW ENGLAND. 



527 



( Stanton ) Roath, of Preston, died at Nor- 
wicli Town, Connecticut. October 8, 1875. He 
died at Norwich. July 22. 1873. Children, born 
at Norwich: Catharine Mary. April 30, 1825: 
James Patrick. July 2. 1826; Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; Hannah Maria. May 8. 1831 ; 
Sarah Jane. October 16. 1833. 

( IX") Benjamin (2). son of Patrick Brew- 
ster, was born in Norwich, June 30. 1828. and 
died at "Scrooby." Cazenovia. New York, Sep- 
tember 4. 1897. He married, at San Francisco. 
California. June 9. 1863, Elmina Hersey, born 
December 4, 1841, in Jersey City, daughter of 
James and Elmina ( Hersey ) Dows. In 1849 
"he went to California and engaged in mercan- 
tile and other pursuits for twenty-five years. 
He amassed a fortune, and in 1874 returned 
east and 'settled permanently in New York 
City. Some of the most important financial 
movements there were more or less the work 
of his genius. He was prominently identified 
with the building of the elevated railways of 
New York City, and was also a leader in many 
large railroad transactions, one of the most 
important, the reorganization of the Chicago. 
St. Paul. Minneapolis and Omaha railroads. 
At the time of his death he was vice-president 
of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Rail- 
way Company, and a heavy stockholder and 
director in the Chicago & Eastern Illinois Rail- 
way Company, the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company, and other large enterprises. He was 
one of the original trustees of the Standard 
Oil Company and director in the same. He 
was also a director in the International Navi- 
gation Company, owner of the American line 
of steamers. He was a member of the Metro- 
politan. Union League and Riding clubs, the 
New England Society, American Museum of 
Natural History, and the American Geograph- 
ical Society. In 1891 he built a summer resi- 
dence at the foot of Cazenovia Lake, New 
York, and named it "Scrooby," in honor of 
the ancestral manor house of Elder William 
Brewster. He inherited many of the noblest 
traits of his ancestors, and the virtues which 
have characterized the best of the New Eng- 
land race. Children : James Dows, born March 
24, 1864: Catherine Elmina. August 16, 1865: 
William. January 25. 1867: George Stephen- 
son, mentioned below ; Mary Dows. January 2, 
1 87 1, married, December 16, 1896, Oliver Gould 
Jennings: Frederick Foster, .August 13, 1872: 
Robert Stanton, September 27, 1875. 

(X) George Stephenson, son of Benjamin 
( 2 ) Brewster, was born at Cazenovia, Madi- 
son county. New York, September 15, 1868. 
He was educated in private schools in New 
York City, at St. Paul's School, at Concord. 
New Hampshire, and at Yale LTniversity, from 



which he was graduated in the class of 1 90 1 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He enter- 
ed the employ of the Standard Oil Company 
and continued for about six years. Since then 
his time has been occupied in the management 
of his private property and various trusts. In 
politics he is a Republican. He and his family 
attend the Protestant Episcopal church. He 
is a member of the L'niversity, ^Metropolitan, 
Riding, Racquet and Tennis clubs of New 
York City. His office is at 51 Wall street, and 
his residence in New York City. He has a 
summer home at Upper St. Regis, New York. 
He married. March 22, 1906, Eleanor Grant 
Bosher. born March 3. 1878. daughter of Rob- 
ert S. and Mattie E. {Cox) Bosher. of Rich- 
mond. Virginia. Her father and ancestors 
were planters for generations on the James 
river. Virginia. Children, born in New York 
City : Benjamin, .April I, 1908: Edward Cox, 
January 14. 191 I. 



The name Child is derived from 
CHILDS Hildr of the Norse mythology. 

Its descent from mythic to his- 
torical times can be traced in the Nebelungen 
Lied. In this saga childe is first used as a title 
for king. From the fifth to the tenth cen- 
turies, many of the kings of France prefixed 
the word Childe to the names, and during this 
time a large number of the rulers of Europe 
derived their appellations from the root Hildr. 
As the title Childe became obsolete, it was gen- 
erally adopted as a surname by descendants or 
dependents. The original spelling was with 
the final "e," and many families in England 
still retain the old form. For the first two 
generations in this country it was written Child, 
but of late years, Childs is more frequently 
employed. 

(I) Benjamin Child, or Childs, the immi- 
grant ancestor, came from England in 1630, 
and settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts. In the 
records of that town he is stated to have been 
one of thirty who contributed towards the 
erection of the first church there. His wife, 
Mary, was admitted to the church of Roxbury, 
in 1658, and survived her husband. He died 
October 14, 1678, in Roxbury, leaving an estate 
valued at five hundred and six pounds nineteen 
shillings. Children, born in Roxbury : Ephraim, 
1634: Benjamin, mentioned below: Joshua, 
1658 : Mary, .A.ugust 8, 1660 : infant, born 1662 ; 
Elizabeth, December 2, 1663 : Margaret, De- 
cember 21, 1665: John. January 8. 1667. died 
young: Mehitable." J"ne 29, i66f>; John, Au- 
gust I, 1671 : Joseph, December 10, i(^74'- 
Joseph, June I. 1678, died young. • 

(II) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (l) 
Childs, was born in Roxbury, in 1656. He 



528 



NEW ENGLAND. 



was the inheritor of a large share of his father's 
property there. He spent his Hfe in his native 
town, and hved on the homestead. He married, 
March 7, 1683, Grace, daughter of Deacon 
Edward and Grace (Bett) Morris. She was 
admitted to the church, June 21, 1681, and 
died December 10, 1723. Her father was an 
early settler of Woodstock, Connecticut, and 
from 1677 to 1684 one of the selectmen of 
Roxbury, and during the same time a deputy 
to the general court, and part of the time 
colonial auditor. Benjamin Childs died Janu- 
ary 24, 1724. Children, born in Roxbury: 
Ephraim. December 18. 1683 ; Benjamin, July 
19, 1685: Edward, November i, 1687; Grace, 
October 2"], 1689 ; Mary, October 25, 1691 ; 
Ebenezer, September 7, 1693 ; Mehitable, Janu- 
ary 5, 1695; William, October 14, 1697; Pen- 
uel, mentioned below ; Richard, October 22, 
1701 ; Thomas, November 10, 1703; Margaret, 
May 26, 1706. 

(HI) Captain Penuel Childs, son of Benja- 
min (2) Childs, was born in Roxbury, Septem- 
ber 3, 1699. He removed when a young man to 
Thompson, Connecticut, and joined the church 
there, on its organization in 1730, and was 
appointed chorister. He married, March 7, 
1724, Dorothy, daughter of Rev. Josiah and 
Mary Partridge Dwight, of Woodstock, Con- 
necticut. Her father was the son of Captain 
Timothy Dwight, who was the son of John 
Dwight, the immigrant ancestor, who came to 
the Massachusetts Colony in 1634-35, with his 
family. Her grandfather, Captain Timothy 
Dwight, married Anna Flint Dwight, daughter 
of Rev. Henry Dwight, of Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts. Mary Partridge was the daughter of 
Colonel Samuel Partridge, of Hadley, Massa- 
chusetts. Rev. Josiah Dwight was the first 
pastor of the Congregational church of Wood- 
stock, 1690. Captain Penuel Childs died Octo- 
ber 24, 1760, and his widow married, November 
24, 1 761, Robert Goodard, of Sutton, Massa- 
chusetts. Children : Josiah, born March 6, 
1725; Martha, August 18. 1726; Eunice, Octo- 
ber 7, 1728; Lois, April 26, 1730: Timothy, 
baptized December 19, 1731 : Richard, men- 
tioned below ; Silence, baptized June 8, 1735, 
died November 5, 1840; Eleazer, baptized Oc- 
tober 2, 1737: Grace, baptized August 12, 
1739; Dorothy, baptized May 28, 1742. 

(IV) Richard, son of Captain Penuel Childs, 
was born in Thompson, Connecticut, and bap- 
tized March 11, 1733. He married, February 
T, 1759, Abigail, daughter of Captain Henry 
and Judith Guile Green, of Thompson, born at 
Killingly. Connecticut, May 7, 1738, died Au- 
gust I, 18.^0. Richard Childs died in 1781. 
Children : Timothy, mentioned below ; Hannah, 
born July 14, 1762; Eunice, July 10, 1764; 



John, March 11, 1766; Mary, January 22, 
1770; Abigail, July 14, 1771 ; Rose Anna, De- 
cember 30, 1773; Dudley, May 7, 1776; Ma- 
tilda, August 8, 1778; ]\Iartha, about 1780. 

(V) Timothy, son of Richard Childs, was 
born in Thompson, March 17, 1760. He served 
in the revolution, and received a pension in 
recognition of his services. He was in Lieuten- 
ant Stephen Tucker's company. Colonel Eben- 
ezer William's regiment in 1776: in Captain 
Josiah Childs" company, Colonel P. R. Brad- 
ley's regiment, 1777-78. In 1790 he removed 
with his family to Sullivan county, New York, 
where he became one of the pioneers of the 
state. He established the first school in the 
place where he settled, paid the teacher and 
procured the few school books. His new home 
received from him the name of his native town 
in Connecticut. After a long life of usefulness 
here, he died February 5, 1825. He married, 
May 15, 1788, Amy Parish, born in 1764, died 
July 5, 1845. Children: Laurinda, born May 
22, 1789; Bradley, 1790: Richard Dwight, Sep- 
tember 4, 1792; Obadiah, December 25, 1794; 
Abigail, 1796, died young; Archibbus, Decem- 
ber 31, 1797; Abigail, January 3, 1800; James 
Brigham, December 24, 1802 : John G., men- 
tioned below. 

(\T) Hon. John Greenleaf Childs, son of 
Timothy Childs, was born in Thompson, Sulli- 
van county. New York, October 10, 1805. His 
schooling was brief, ending twenty-seven days 
after he reached the age of twelve, but he was 
naturally studious, and from his sixteenth year 
until his twenty-second he taught school in 
winter, working on his father's farm in sum- 
mer. During the next four years he was clerk 
and manager of the Leister Iron Works. In 
1835 he came to Sullivan county and was 
appointed under-sheriff, an office he filled three 
years. Afterward he was elected sheriff of the 
county, and in 1863 special county judge and 
special surrogate and served six years. In 
1870 Judge Childs settled in Napanoch and in 
1878 was justice of the sessions. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar at Albany in 1858, having 
prepared himself for his examination in prac- 
tice of the law without a tutor, and by private 
study he also qualified himself as a land sur- 
veyor and civil engineer. In later years he 
served the town as justice of the peace. He 
practiced law until an advanced age, and com- 
manded the respect and confidence of his neigh- 
bors throughout his long and honorable career. 
His last years were spent at Napanoch, Ulster 
county. New York. He married (first), in 
1829, Lois Ann Grant, whose grandfather, 
William Grant, was a soldier in the revolution, 
a private in Colonel Samuel Whiting's com- 
pany of militia and a marine on the ship "Tar- 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



529 



ter" of jMassachusetts, commanded by Captain 
Cathcart, in 1782. Judge Childs marrietl (sec- 
ond), May 16, 1875. the widow of Charles 
Hoyt. Children by his first wife : 

1. John Traverse, born May 16, 1831 ; mar- 
ried Louisa Holmes, of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania : he was civil engineer, and died at Tidi- 
oute, Pennsylvania, in November, 1866, leaving 
two children, William and Caroline. 

2. Amos Grant, born November 2, 1833, died 
July 28, 1899; married (first) Margaret Locke, 
of Ossining, New York, who died in 1878; 
married (second), June 9, 1880, Florence Esther 
Frame, of Kingston, New York, born Decem- 
ber 4, 1870, died ]\Iay 17, 1887. Children by 
first marriage: Clinton B., born October 26, 
i860, died October 29, 1886; Helen Sherwood, 
February 16, 1870, died May 4,. 1888. Chil- 
dren by second marriage: Jessica, born April 
10. 1881 : Jane Grant, July 18, 1883. died Janu- 
ary 12. 1885. He served in the civil war as a 
civil engineer. 

3. Billings Grant, born at Monticello, Sulli- 
van county. New York, December 27, 1835 ; 
married Celia Van Demark, at Liberty. Sulli- 
van county. New York. January 8. 1862; chil- 
dren: Anna T., born November 30, 1862, on 
(iovernor's Island, New York Harbor; Mary 
D.. February 26. 1866; Lillian M., February 
13. 1868. At the breaking out of the civil 
war he was enlisted as a private in the Sec- 
ond New York Militia; in April, 1861, was 
on field duty with regiment until the follow- 
ing July, when he was granted furlough on 
account of serious injuries received in the 
first battle of Bull Run. \Miile on furlough 
received the commission of second lieutenant 
in the Sixth Infantry, United States Army; 
January. 1862, joined Fort Columbus. Gov- 
ernor's Island, serving as assistant quarter- 
master, in charge of commissary department. 
Also served as judge advocate of a court- 
martial convening for six weeks at Fort Ham- 
ilton, New York Harbor. In 1863 he was 
promoted to first lieutenant in the Sixth In- 
fantry of Regulars, joining his regiment in 
the field ; was in command of his company in 
the battle of Chancellorsville ; was again wound- 
ed, and discharged on furlough. He afterwards 
served as assistant adjutant general in charge 
of troops sent temporarily to Elmira. While 
at this post his resignation (previously ten- 
dered) was accepted, and he resumed the prac- 
tice of law in the city of Pittsburgh. Later 
removed to Ellenville, Ulster county. New 
York, where he dietl November 22. 1867. 

4. Emily Grant, born at Monticello. New 
York, March 7, 1838; married Theodore Cook, 
who died in 1882; children by this marriage: 
John C, Frederic T., Harriett Lee. 



5. Mary Rebecca, born November 4, 1839, 
died December 22, 1896; married Samuel H. 
Reynolds ; child by this marriage ; Archibald 
C, born March 26, 1867, married Mary Gir- 
ard, February 12, 1899, child, Henry Dickey 
Reynolds, born July 28, 1903. 

6. Arthur Palen, born October i, 1843, at 
Neversink, New York, died at Carroll. Ne- 
braska, September 20, 1902 ; married Eliza- 
beth Wheeler, December 15, 1868; children 
were as follows ; Anna Nette, born January 10, 
1870, died January 17, 1895, married Charles 
;\Ielton Craven, October 30, 1890, one child. 
Alma, born October 31, 1894 ; Catherine Krautz, 
April 17, 1872, died April 18, 1872; Kittie 
Arthene, August 11, 1873, married Abraham 
E. Lathrop, October 7, 1891, seven children, 
as follows : Enid, born July 10, 1892, married 
Theodore Sanders, December 16, 1909, one 
child, born November 21. 1910: Arthur, De- 
cember 31, 1894, Edwin, April 9. 1895. Linley 
Duane, April 26. 1896, Lois, November 21, 
1899, Florence Elizabeth, April 2J, 1907, An- 
nette, July 23. 1909 ; Lois Grant, May 19, 
1877, married John E. Lauenberg. October 29. 
1902. one child, Arthur Grant, born June 5. 
1909; John Chauncey, December 23, 1881. 

7. .Archibald N., born at Neversink. New 
York, March 11, 1846, died at Wayne, Ne- 
braska. March 26, 1888; married, at Wilcox, 
Pennsylvania, in 1870, Harriett Lockwood, 
who died March 25, 1904; two children were 
born to them as follows : George Bradley, born 
October 30, 1870, at Grahamsville, New York, 
died October 18, 1901, at LTnion, New Jersey, 
married Anna Rotherman, July 16, 1896, one 
child, Archibald L. F. Childs, born December 
26, 1897, at Union, New Jersey ; Martha Flint, 
born at Kingston, New York, April 22, 1880. 
(VII) James Edmund, youngest child of 
John Greenleaf and Lois Ann (Grant) Childs, 
was born July 11, 1848, in Neversink, Sullivan 
county. New York. He received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools of that district. 
Subsequent experience and private study made 
him an expert civil engineer. .\t the early age 
of seventeen years he became transitman in 
an engineer corps of the New York & Oswego 
Midland railroad. In 1870 he was appointed 
assistant engineer of the Chicago & Michigan 
Lake Shore railroad, and soon after became 
resident engineer of the Buiifalo, New York & 
Philadelphia railroad, in which position he con- 
tinued until 1872. In 1874 he was assistant 
engineer of the New York & Harlem railroad. 
Two years later he became chief engineer and 
superintendent of the Rochester & State Line 
railway. From 1881 to 1886 he was general 
superintendent of the New York, Ontario & 
Western railroad, and assistant general super- 



530 



NEW EX(;LAXD. 



intemlcnt of the New York, West Shore & 
Buffalo railroad, during its construction and 
after completion. From 1886 to 1900 he was 
general manager of the New York, Ontario 
& Western railway, with offices in New York 
City. Since the last-named date he has been 
vice-president and general manager of this rail- 
way. He has grown up from a boy in the rail- 
road business, and under his jurisdiction the 
New York, Ontario & Western railway has be- 
come an important line, doing a constantly 
increasing business in both passengers and 
freight. Mr. Childs is a member of the Union 
League Club, the Down Town Association, the 
New York Yacht Club, the American Society 
of Civil Engineers, the New York Museum of 
Natural History, the Metropolitan Museum of 
Art in New York, the New Y'ork Agriculture 
Society, the New York Chamber of Commerce, 
the New England Society of New York, the 
Sons of the Revolution, the Society of Colonial 
Wars. In religion he is a non-sectarian ; in 
politics a Republican. 

He married, August 29, 1882, Mary Laura, 
daughter of William H. Grant, of New York 
City. Residence, corner of West End avenue 
and Ninety-third street. New York City, and 
has a summer home on the New Jersey coast 
at .AUenhurst. 



The surname Sargon, or Sar- 
SARGENT gent, spelled in a variety of 

ways, is very ancient. Sargon 
was king of Babylon four thousand years be- 
fore Christ. Another Sargon or Sargian was 
king of Assyria in B. C. 722, and this name is 
found with but slight variation in Persia, Gaul, 
Holland, the Netherlands and Great Britain. 
Whether the English Sargents really have any 
connection with the oriental family name is of 
course not proved, but the evidence is enough 
to make a theory interesting. The name has 
been common in Boston, Lincolnshire, and at 
Norton, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolkshire, Eng- 
land, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 
The most common coat-of-arms of the English 
family is : Argent, a chevron between three 
dolphins naiant embowed, sable. This coat- 
of-arms is very similar to that carried by Peter 
Sargent who came to Boston, Massachusetts, 
in 1669. 

(I) William Sargent, founder of the family 
in America, was born in Northampton, Eng- 
land, June 20, 1602. In 1638 he came to 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, with his third 
wife, Sarah, and two daughters. In 1649 a new 
town was set off from Charlestown, which was 
called Maiden. He was a lay preacher in Mai- 
den from 1648 to 1650. In 1657 he removed 
to Barnstable, where he was also a preacher. 



and otherwise a prominent man in both places. 
(Authority: "History of Cape Cod," p. 248). 
Land was granted to him and others by the 
court, to the extent of one hundred acres each, 
and they were allowed to purchase more from 
the natives, the rights of the Indians seeming 
to have still been acknowledged. 

William Sargent had four wives, three of 
whom he married in England. He married 
( first ) Hannah ; children, born in Eng- 
land : Elizabeth, July 3, 1628, died 1629 ; Han- 
nah, 1629, and Elizabeth, 1630, both of whom 
came to America with their father ; Mary, born 
1632, died in infancy. William Sargent mar- 
ried ( second ) Marie ; children : Sarah, 

born 1635, died in infancy; Marie, born 1637, 
died in infancy ; the mother of the children 
died in 1637. William Sargent married (third) 
the widow of William Minshall, of White- 
heath, county Salop, England, earlier of Ban- 
bury, in Cheshire. William Sargent married 
(fourth), in Maiden, Massachusetts, in 1651, 
Abigail, born 1632, daughter of Thomas Clarke 
(1 599- 1697). William Sargent died February 
19, 1717, aged ninety-two years, and his wife 
Abigail died March 8, 171 1, aged seventy-nine 
years. Children : John, mentioned below ; An- 
drew, born December 3, 1655; William, August 
16. 1658; Samuel, March 22, 1660; Nathaniel, 
May 28, 1671 ; Abigail, May 8, 1673; Joseph, 
March 27, 1675 ; IMary, November 24, 1678. 

(II) John, son of William Sargent, was 
born March 18, 1653. On January 4, 1674, he 
had a grant of land on the west side of the 
Squam river, "over against" his father's house. 
He had other grants in that section afterwards 
and seems to have lived in that part of the 
town. He lost his life in the public service, 
drowned by the wreck of a transport under 
Captain Foye in the expedition against Port 
Royal, so the "History," 1 7 10, says, and twenty- 
five years afterward his heirs received a grant 
of two hundred acres of Providence land in 
consideration thereof. He was selectman for 
seven years. He married Hannah, daughter 
of Nehemiah Howard, of Salem, December 24, 
1679. His widow married (second) Nathaniel 
Coit. He had children : John, mentioned be- 
low : Thomas, born May 9, 1685 : Andrew ; 
David ; Joseph, April 23, 1702. 

(HI) John (2), son of John (i) Sargent, 
was born January 29, 1683. He married (first) 
Bethiah Davis, December 23, 1714; (second) 
Mary, widow of Wilham Ring, October 25, 
1738. He died in 1754, aged about seventy. 
Children by first wife: John; David, died 
young : Bethiah, married Joseph Ingersoll. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Thomas, mentioned be- 
low : Abigail, married \\'illiam Bresson : David, 
died young. 



NEW ENGLAND, 



531 



(I\'j Dr. Thomas Sargent, son of John (2 ) 
Sargent, was born October 19, 1739. He mar- 
ried (first) Lucy Haskell, April 25, 1761; 
(second) Jemima Haskell, April 17 or 2b, 
1782, both daughters of Henry and Ruth York 
(Elwell) Haskell. In Babson's "Early Settlers 
of Gloucester," Part One, William Haskell, of 
West Parish, is given as Lucy's father, and 
Deacon Nathaniel Haskell as Jemima's father. 
Thomas Sargent is said to have gone, in early 
life,, on a secret expedition to Castine in a 
military capacity, with Dr. Caleb Rea, of Dan- 
vers, as surgeon's mate, and upon his return 
he married and settled in West Parish as a 
doctor, where he was much employed, using 
herbs and roots chiefly, although he used also 
millipedes (sow-bugs), which were used by 
regular practitioners until a comparatively re- 
cent date. He died August 29, 1828, aged 
eighty-nine. Children by first wife: Abimelech 
Haskell, mentioned below : Roger, died young 
in New Orleans ; Dudley, married Hannah, 
daughter of Rev. Daniel Fuller, and settled in 
Newburyport ; Ignatius ; Lucy ; Polly. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Betsey; Harriet; Benja- 
min Choate, went to Sedgewick, Maine, where 
he died ; Oliver, settled in Orland, Maine : 
George Washington, settled in Maine ; Roger, 
drowned ofif Eastern Point, by the upsetting of 
a boat. 

( \^) Captain Abimelech Haskell Sargent, son 
of Dr. Thomas Sargent, was born at Glouces- 
ter, Massachusetts. He followed the sea and 
became a master mariner, in all, fifty-seven 
years. He died in Portland, where he had 
gone as pilot of a vessel. He married, in 1790, 
at Gloucester, Mary Elizabeth Allen. Chil- 
dren : Herbert Redding, mentioned below ; Ben- 
jamin, died in 1856, married Carolyn J. Rogers: 
Lucy, married a Mr. Nye, of Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts ; Dr. Ignatius, lives in Hingham. 

(VI) Herbert Redding, son of Captain Abi- 
melech Haskell Sargent, was born at Glou- 
cester, August 4, 1804. He was educated in 
the public schools of his native town, For 
many years he was a general merchant at Bel- 
fast, Maine. In religion he was a Unitarian, 
in politics in his later years a Whig. He was 
a prominent Free Mason in the days when 
opposition to Masonry was bitter and even 
entered into political afifairs. He married, in 
Gloucester, August 9, 1827, Mary Elizabeth, 
born October 7, 1805, daughter of Samuel and 
Lucy (Foster) Rogers (see Rogers \'III). 
Children of Herbert Redding Sargent, born at 
Belfast, Maine : Ann Morrill ; George Herbert ; 
Lucy Foster: Mary Elizabeth : Charles Chapin, 
mentioned below : Fanny Rogers. 

( \TI ) Charles Chapin, son of Herbert Red- 
ding Sargent, was born at Belfast, Maine, Feb- 



ruary 7, 1843. He attended private schools in 
his native town. Miss Longfellow's school, and 
the public grammar and high school of that 
town. After leaving school he was appointed 
assistant register of deeds at Belfast, and was 
afterward assistant postmaster in that town. 
During the civil war he was a clerk in the ofiice 
of the provost marshal at Belfast. After the 
war, in 1866, he came to New York City and 
became a partner in the firm of William H. 
Sargent & Company, importers, afterward Sar- 
gent. Studley & Company, importers of drug- 
gists' sundries. The firm was dissolved in 
1875, and Mr. Sargent the same year took the 
management of the wholesale department of 
perfumery and fancy goods of the house of 
A. T. Stewart & Company, New York City, 
and made frequent trips to foreign markets to 
buy goods for this concern. After the death 
of Mr. Stewart in 1877, Mr. Sargent establish- 
ed and became manager of the department of 
druggists' sundries in the house of Park & Til- 
ford, New York City. He continued to make 
trips to Europe to buy goods. From a small 
department he built up the largest wholesale 
trade of the kind in this coimtry, and he main- 
tained his connection with the famous firm for 
a period of thirty-three 3'ears, enjoying the 
fullest confidence and esteem of his employ- 
ers and of the houses with which he did busi- 
ness. In 1910 he became the sole representa- 
tive and agent in this country and Canada, of 
the world-renowned firm of perfumers, Roger 
& Gallet, of Paris, France. His offices are at 
Thirty-second street, New Y'ork. In politics 
he is a Republican. He is a member of the 
New England Society of New York, and is a 
communicant of St. James' Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, of New York City. 

He married, January 30, 1868, Mary Eliza- 
beth, born in Bangor, Maine, February i, 1838, 
daughter of Reuben Swain and Mary Brackett 
( Leavitt ) Prescott. her father was born No- 
vember 18, 1805: her mother, in February, 
1806, at Bangor, Maine. Her father was a 
merchant, city and state assessor, and repre- 
sented his district in the legislature. Children 
of Charles Chapin Sargent: i. Grace Lillian, 
born at Elizabeth, New Jersey, November 13, 
1868, died in 1876. 2. Helen Sanborn, born at 
Elizabeth, April 28, 1870, unmarried; founder 
and president for twelve years of the Art 
Workers' Club for Women, 224 West Fifty- 
eighth street. New York City. 3. Mary Leavitt, 
November 30, 1872. died in 1876. 4. Charles 
Chapin Jr., born at Elizabeth, October 17. 
1874; graduated with degree of Bachelor of 
Arts, from Columbia L'niversity in the class of 
1897, where he was a member of the Psi L'p- 
silon fraternitv : he was at one time on the 



532 



NEW ENGLAND. 



editorial staff of Munscy's Magazine; is un- 
married. 5. Elizabeth Prescott, born Novem- 
ber 5, 1876; married, November 17, 1910, Will- 
iam G. Walker, now associated in business 
with his father-in-law, Mr. Sargent. 

(The Rogers Linei. 

(I) John Rogers, known in history as the 
"Protho-Martyr," was burned at the stake at 
Smithfield, England, February 4, 1555. He 
was born in Lancashire, England, and was edu- 
cated at the University of Cambridge. While 
yet a young man, for conscience's sake, he 
went to Antwerp and served many years as 
chaplain to the English merchant adventurers. 
Here he formed an ardent friendship with 
William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale, who 
had also forsaken their country because of 
the detested Popery. Rogers assisted them in 
translating the Bible in 1537, and published it 
under the name of Thomas Matthew. He was 
married in Antwerp to "a woman of the coun- 
try," and removed to Wittenberg, in Saxony, 
and took charge of a German congregation. 
On the accession of Edward VL he returned 
to England and was made rector of St. Mar- 
garet Moyses, April, 1550; vicar of St. Sepul- 
chre in July, following; and on August 24, he 
became prebend of the cathedral church of St. 
Paul, and divinity reader. His persecution 
and execution followed the accession of Mary 
to the throne. The story of his death became 
an inspiration of Protestantism beyond all other 
martyrdoms and for three hundred years ex- 
erted a potent influence on the minds of the 
English and Americans. He had three sons, 
Daniel, Rev. Richard, and one other, who was 
father of Rev. John Rogers, mentioned below 

(H) Rev. John (2) Rogers, grandson of 
Rev. John (i), the martyr, was educated in 
Cambridge University. (In the "New Eng- 
land Historical and Geneological Register," vol. 
V, p. 224, it is stated that John Rogers, of Ded- 
ham, England, the father of Nathaniel, was a 
grandson of the martyr, though it is believed 
to depend wholly on tradition for its author- 
ity). For many years he preached at Dedham, 
England, in 1592 became vicar of Heming- 
ham, county Norfolk, and was afterward min- 
ister of Haverhill, county Suffolk, whence he 
removed to Dedham. He died at Dedham in 
1636. He married (first) Elizabeth (Gold), 
widow of John Hawes : (second) Dorothy 
(Stanton), widow of Richard Wiseman, of 
Wigborough, county Essex. 

(HI) Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, son of Rev. 
John (2) Rogers, was born about 1598, at 
Haverhill, England : was educated in the gram- 
mar school at Dedham and at Emmanuel Col- 
lege, Cambridge. He was private chaplain for 



a time and then in charge of a large congre- 
gation at Becking, in Essex. He was a Puri- 
tan, and resolved to make his home beyond the 
sea. He arrived in Boston in November, 1636, 
and became minister at Ipswich, Massachu- 
setts, February 20, 1638, and soon rose to 
prominence. He died July 3, 1655, and his 
will was proved September 26, following. He 
married Margaret, daughter of Robert Crane, 
of Coggeshall, Essex, England, by his first 
wife, Mary, daughter of Samuel Sparhawk, of 
Dedham. Children : Rev. John, mentioned be- 
low : Nathaniel, born at Assington, England, 
September 30, 1632 ; Samuel, at Assington, 
January 16, 1634; Timothy, at Ipswich; Eze- 
kiel ; Margaret. 

(IV) Rev. John (3) Rogers, son of Rev. 
Nathaniel Rogers, was born at Coggeshall in 
January, 1630, and died July 2, 1684. He 
came with his father in 1636, and was gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1649. He assisted 
his father and devoted much attention to the 
practice of medicine. In June, 1676, he was 
elected president of Harvard College, but de- 
clined the honor. In April, 1682, however, he 
was again elected, and was installed August 
12. 1683, and died the day after the following 
commencement. He married Elizabeth Deni- 
son, who died in Ipswich, June 13, 1723, aged 
eighty-two, daughter of Major General Daniel 
Denison, whose wife was Patience, daughter 
of Governor Thomas Dudley, and sister of 
Governor Joseph Dudley. General Denison 
was the leading military genius of the colonies. 
Children of Dr. John Rogers, born in Ipswich: 
Elizabeth, February 3, 1661 ; Margaret, Febru- 
ary 18, 1664 ; Rev. John, mentioned below ; Dr. 
Daniel, September 25, 1667; Rev. Nathaniel, 
February 22, 1669; Patience, 1676. 

(V) Rev. John (4) Rogers, son of Rev. 
John (3) Rogers, was born in Ipswich, July 7, 
1666, and died December 28, 1745. He gradu- 
ated from Harvard College in 1684, and in 
October, 1692, was ordained assistant to Rev. 
Mr. Hubbard, minister of Ipswich, and in 
1702 took charge of the parish. In 1706 he 
preached the election sermon. From 1703 to 
1724 he had an assistant. Rev. Jabez Fitch, and 
later he was assisted by his son. Rev. Nathaniel 
Rogers. He married, March 4, i6gi, Martha, 
who died March 9, 1759, aged eighty-nine, 
daughter of William Whitingham, whose wife 
was a daughter of John Lawrence, of Ips- 
wich. The Whitingham (or Whittingham) 
line is traced for many generations in England. 
Children of Rev. John Rogers : Rev. John, 
mentioned below : Martha, born November 2, 
1694; Mary, died October 18, 1725; William, 
born June 19, 1699; Rev. Nathaniel, Septem- 
ber 22, 1701 ; Richard, December 2, 1703 ; Eliz- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



533 



abeth, July 20, 1705; Rev. Daniel, July 28, 
1707; Elizabeth, twin of Dr. Daniel; Dr. Sam- 
uel, August 31. 1709. 

(VI) Rev. John (5) Rogers, son of Rev. 
John (4) Rogers, was born January 19, 1(192. 
He was settled as minister of the church at 
Kittery, Maine, after graduating from Har- 
vard College in 171 1. He married, October 
16, 1718, Susanna, who died October 22, 1779, 
daughter of Major John Whipple and his wife 
Catherine ( Leighton ) Whipple, granddaughter 
of John and Martha ( Rayner ) Whipple. Their 
second son was Captain Timothy Rogers, of 
Gloucester. 

( Vn ) Daniel Rogers, seventh son of Rev. 
John (5) Rogers, was born at Kittery, Maine, 
October 25, 1734, and died at Gloucester, 
Massachusttts, January 4, 1800; he married 
(first), November 6, 1759, Elizabeth, born 
1739, daughter of Colonel John and Eliza- 
beth (AUyn) Gorham. He married (second) 
Rachel Ellery. He was a merchant of Glou- 
cester. Children, by first wife : Lucy, born 
August 24, 1760; John Gorham, April i, 1762; 
Elizabeth, July 7, 1764: Charles, October 14, 
1765; Daniel, July 22, 1767: child, died Feb- 
ruary 23, 1769. Children by second wife: 
Rachel, born January 9, 1771 ; Esther, Novem- 
ber 9, 1773: Susanna, February 22, 1775; 
Mary, March 23, 1777 ; Daniel, March 15, 1778 ; 
Timothy, June 2, 1779; Mary, September 3, 
1780; Samuel, mentioned below ; Shubael G<ir- 
ham, April 17, 1783: William, November id, 
1784: George, April 15, 1786; Judith, Xnvcni- 
ber, 1788; Fanny, 1792. 

(VIH) Samuel Rogers, son of Daniel Ro- 
gers, was born at (jloucester, December 28, 
1781, and died April 26, 1817. He married 
Lucy, daughter of Lieutenant Thomas and 
Lucy (Sayward) Foster; Lieutenant Foster 
served under Washington in the revolutionary 
war, and was one of the original members of 
the Order of the Cincinnati. Among the chil- 
dren of Samuel and Lucy ( Foster) Rogers 
was Mary Elizabeth, born October 7, 1805, 
married, August 9, 1827, Herbert Redding Sar- 
gent (see Sargent VI). 



The original home of the fam- 
■ STI<:RL1NG ily of Sterling was in the im- 
mediate vicinity of Stirling, 
Stirlingshire, Scotland, and the time of their 
origin, the beginning of the twelfth century. 
The name has been spelled in a great number 
of different ways during the eight hundred 
years of its history, but at present the most 
common forms are Stirling, which is universal 
in Scotland, Starling, whicli has excluded all 
other forms in England, and was used in Amer- 
ica down to the beginning of the nineteenth 



century ; and Sterling, which is now the pre- 
vailing form in America. The origin of the 
name is to be found in the name of the town 
of Stirling, which is thought by some writers 
to be derived from the old (3aelic words "Stribh 
Lin," signifying the strife of streams, and re- 
fers to the meeting of the waters of the rivers 
Leith, Allan and the Forth, near Stirling. There 
are fifty-two coats-of-arms belonging to dilTer- 
ent branches of this family, all having the 
common feature of three buckles emblazoned 
on the shield, usually on a bend. 

(I) William Sterling, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born not far from London, England, 
in 1637, and died in Sterling City, Lyme, Con- 
necticut, January 22, 1719. The tirst men- 
tion of him in New England is found in the 
Essex records at Salem, Massachusetts, 1660- 
61, where the names of live of his children are 
given as born "at Rowley V^illage at Mirimack." 
This village is now Bradford, on the opposite 
side of the Merrimac river from Haverhill, 
where William Sterling lived for many years. 
He was taxed in Rowley between i(36o and 
1664; in 1662 bought land in Haverhill, and 
settled on a ridge east of that town on the 
Merrimac. A ferry across the Merrimac 
established in 1647, was operated from this 
land, and is still used, one of the oldest in the 
country. In the spring of 1669 he sold his 
Rowley property, with the provision that "the 
Road to ve Ferry be open for ever." Before 
1683 the town conveyed to him a lot of about 
twelve acres, upon which he built a house, 
afterwards used for an inn. He is called 
"mariner" in the early records, and was also 
a shipbuilder and a miller. In 1684 the town 
granted him ten acres of land at the Fishing 
River, that he might set up a corn mill. This 
was in part payment for William's house and 
land, which the town had bought for the use 
(if its minister. In 1692 he was elected one of 
six tythingmen, and reelected in 1694-95-96. 
He was also constable of Haverhill. Some- 
time in the autumn of 1697 or the spring of 
the following year, he removed to Lyme, Con- 
necticut, and first bought land there November 
29, 1 701. He made other purchases of land at 
later dates. From early records it appears that 
he was a shipbuilder in Lyme. He spent the 
last years of his life at Sterling City, a ham- 
let within the bounds of Lyme, founded by his 
son Daniel. August 7, 1718, he deeded to the 
latter all his property. 

He married (first), about 1659, Elizabeth 

, who died in Haverhill, February 6, 

1675; (second), in Haverhill, December 19, 
1676, jNIarv (Blaisdell) Stowers, born there. 
March 3, 1641-42, died there May 29. 1681, 
daughter of Ralph and Elizabeth Blaisdell, and 



534 



NEW e.\(;laxd. 



widow of Joseph Stowers. Her father was a 
tailor of Sahsbury, received land there 1640, 
died before 1650; was in York, Maine, 1637- 
40. He married (third), in Haverhill, April 
24, 1683, Ann Nichols Neale, widow of John 
Xeale, whom she married in 1672. He mar- 
ried (fourth), in Lyme, ]\Iary Sayer (or Saw- 
yer), daughter of Hugh and Jane (Latham) 
Hubbard, and widow of Ichabod Sayer, of 
New London, whom she married in 1697 ; she 
was born November 17. 1674, survived her 
husband, and was living in 1714. Her father, 
Hugh Hubbard, was said to be from Derby- 
shire, England, and married in 1673. Children 
of first wife: William, born about 1660-61; 
Elizabeth. August 6, 1662 ; Richard, August 5, 
1663; Mary, September 14, 1664; John, May 
7, 1666; Hannah, February 14, 1667; Sarah, 
May 4, 1669: Abigail, May 27, 1670; Nathan- 
iel, June 25, 1671 ; Daniel, October 2, 1672, 
died May 27, 1673 : Daniel, September 19, 
1673; James, February 6, 1675. Children of 
second wife, born at Haverhilf: Jonah or Jo- 
siah, October 21, 1677; Jacob, August 29, 
1678: Ruth, December 17, 1679; twins. May 
21, 1681, died May 29, 1681. Child of third 
wife, born in Haverhill: Ann, March 14, 1684. 

(H) Jacob, son of William Sterling, was 
born at Haverhill, August 29, 1678, and died 
January 9, 1765. He married, in Fairfield, Con- 
necticut, 1705-06, Hannah (Odell) Seeley, born 
in Fairfield, October 20, 1679, died June 14, 
1756, daughter of John and Johannah ( Walker ) 
Odell, of Greenlea, near Fairfield, and widow 
of Nathaniel Seeley Jr. Jacob Sterling removed 
from Haverhill to Lyme with his father and 
brother Daniel in 1697-98, and after becoming 
of age removed again to Fairfield. He sold his 
Fairfield property in 1721, and was doubtless 
before that year a resident of Stratford, Con- 
necticut, where his name occurs on a list of 
householders in 1717. He bought land at dif- 
ferent times in Stratford and Stratfield, which 
lay within the bounds of Stratford, and Au- 
gust 8, 1730, a large tract in Newtown, Fair- 
field county. Before his death he had deeded 
most of this land to his sons. Both he and his 
wife are buried in the old Stratfield burying 
ground, in the present city of Bridgeport. Cliil- 
dren, born in Fairfield, with baptismal dates: 
John. October 10, 1708; Joseph, October 8, 
1710; Stephen, October 19, 1712; Mary, Octo- 
ber 24, 1714: Samuel, May 26, 1717, probably 
died young. 

(HI) Stephen, son of Jacob Sterling, was 
baptized October 19, 1710, in Fairfield, and 
died March 19, 1793. He married, December, 
1738, Eunice Summers, born in 1720, died Oc- 
tober 8, 1808; both are buried in the old Strat- 
field burying ground. He lived most of his life 



in Stratford, with the exception of a few years 
of his childhood, before his father removed 
from Fairfield. He lived in the house which his 
father had bought in 1720, and by inheritance 
and purchase acc|uired about one hundred and 
twenty acres of land. At the time of their mar- 
riages he gave to each of his sons a portion of 
land and a new dwelling house, except to Ste- 
phen, to whom he gave half of his own house. 
By his will, dated March 29, 1785, he gave the 
remainder of this house and half of the barn 
to his widow, and the rest of his estate to his 
sons Abijah and Stephen, and the children of 
his daughters Eunice and Mary, and his son 
Sylvanus, then deceased. Children : Sylvanus, 
born 1739: Mary, 1741 ; Abijah, 1745; Eunice, 
.\ugust I, 1751; Stephen, 1754. 

( IV ) Sylvanus, son of Stephen Sterling, 
was born in Stratford, in 1739, and died Janu- 
ary 6, 1781. He married Esther, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mercy (Sherman) Sherwood, 
of Stratford, born 1737, died July 16, 181 1, 
gravestone record. At the time of his mar- 
riage he received from his father a dwelling 
house and about a quarter of an acre of land 
adjoining, at White Plains, now Trumbull, also 
a tract of land of twelve acres. He was one of 
the selectmen of Stratford in 1779, and that 
same year forfeited some property. He served 
in the French and Indian war, in Captain James 
Smedley's company, Connecticut militia, six- 
teen days service, August, 1757. He and his 
wife renewed the covenant in Lenity Quirch at 
North Stratford, May 23, 1762. Children, re- 
corded in Trumbull: Sylvanus, April, 1762, 
died young; Eunice, January, 1764: Elijah, 
September, 1767; Philip, January 12, 1769, 
nientioned below; Nathaniel, November 11, 
1771 : Gurden, baptized, July 31, 1774: Jesse, 
baptized February 22, 1778; Esther, February, 
1781, died in infancy. 

(\^) Philip, son of Sylvanus Sterling, was 
born in Trumbull, January 12, 1769, and died, 
September 24, 1845, gravestone record. He 
married, in the winter of 1802-03, Ruth, daugh- 
ter of Ezra and Ruth (Morehouse) Hawley, 
born in Stratford, July 5, 1780, died April 27. 
1876. gravestone record. He was a farmer 
and carpenter by occupation. Children: George, 
born July 21, 1804; Pamelia, June 13, 1806; 
Mary, July 20, 1809; Esther Abby, October 
23, 1812; Stephen Flawley, January 23, 1816, 
mentioned below. 

(\'I) Stephen Hawley, son of Philip Ster- 
ling, was born in Trumbull. January 23, 1816, 
and died February 7, 1893. He married, De- 
cember 24. 1845, Rebecca Jane, daughter of 
.\braham and Betsey (Beach) Brinsmade,born 
.\pril 25, 1822, died May 6, 1868. As a young 
man he worked for a short time in the store 



NEW ENGLAN'U. 



1152101 



535 



of his brother George, in Bridgewater. Most 
of his life was spent on the old homestead in 
Trumbull. Children : George Loomis, men- 
tioned below; Arabella; Eliza, born June ii, 
1858; Mary Rebecca, August 18, i860. 

(VII) George Loomis, son of Stephen H. 
Sterling, was born in Trumbull, Connecticut, 
December 3, 1855. He received his early edu- 
cation in the ])rivate school of Mr. Strong and 
in the private school of ]\Ir. Day, at Bridge- 
port, Connecticut, where he prepared for col- 
lege. He entered Yale University in 1872, and 
was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts in the class of 1876, and passed the next 
two years in post-graduate studies at Yale. He 
studied law in the Yale Law School and was 
graduated with the degree of LL. B. in 1880. 
In the same year he was admitted to the bar in 
Connecticut, and in 1881 in New York City, 
and since that time has been in active practice 
in New York City. Through all the adminis- 
trations, regardless of party and politics, he 
has been assistant corporation counsel since he 
was first appointed in 1885, and at the present 
time he is acting corporation counsel of the 
city. That fact expresses better than words 
the confidence reposed in him by the officers 
of the city, and demonstrates his ability and 
success in the difficult duties of his office. He 
is a member of the executive committee of the 
Bar Association of the City of New A'ork : a 
member of the New England Society of New- 
York ; of the University Club, the Manhattan 
Club, and the Yale Club of New York. In 
politics he is an Independent, and in religion a 
Congregationalist. His residence is at 699 
Fifth avenue, the St. Regis Hotel, New York. 
His office is in the Hall of Records. 

He married, in New York, July i, 1901, 
Marie I^ouise Doyle, born February 20, 1868, 
died February 11, igo8, daughter of John and 
Catharine Doyle. They had no children. 



t<i come 



Now go, write it before them in a tab! 
it in a book, that it may be for the tir 
forever and ever. — Isaiah xxx. 8. 



The surname of Howe is foimd at 
HOWE* an early period in several counties 
in England as appears in the rec- 
ords of about the time of Henry IV. to that of 
Elizabeth, as Howe, How, Hough, Howes, 
Hoo, and similar spelling, and in or about the 
reign of Edward III. the designations were 
variously de le How, de How, at How. de le 
Hoo, de Hoo, etc. 

John Howe, born about 1420. was the father 
of William Howe, of Nortli Weald Basset. 
Essex, died 1518. Of this William was born 



William Howe, of Hatfield Broad Oak, died 
1558, father of John Howe, of Much Halling- 
bury Hall and Hatfield, How's Green, died 
1601 ; and he was father of Robert Howe, of 
Hatfield, Broad Oaks, etc., living in 1601, of 
whose descendants more will be said later. 
William Howe, of North Weald Basset, men- 
tioned above, was the father also of Henry or 
Harry Howe, ancestor of the Lord Howe 
branch of the family. One of the eminent men 
in the history of England bearing the name of 
Howe was the Rev. John Howe, Oliver Crom- 
well's chaplain, one of the tnost noted ministers 
of his time, and author of several well-known 
books. Three Howes, brothers, were promi- 
nent not only in English history, but in that of 
America. One of them. General George Au- 
gustus Howe, killed at Ticonderoga, had a 
monument erected to his memory in West- 
minster Abbey, for which the general court of 
Massachusetts made an appropriation. Gen- 
eral William Howe commanded the British 
forces at Bunker Hill and held Philadelphia 
while Washington was at Valley Forge. And 
Admiral Richard Howe ("Black Dick") was 
in command of the British naval forces during 
the revolution, and was one of the most famous 
of the English sea fighters. His victory over 
the French fleet in 1794 on "The Glorious 
Fourth of June" is one of the cherished tradi- 
tions of the Royal Navy of the British nation. 

Among the early Puritan settlers in Massa- 
chusetts were four by the name of Howe, and 
it is from them that the great majority of 
those now bearing this name in America are 
descended. These four were James of Rox- 
bury and Ipswich, Abraham of Roxburj', John 
of Sudbury and Marlborough, Abraham of 
Watertown and Marlborough, and Edward of 
Lynn. All of them were Puritans and were in 
Massachusetts soon after the arrival of Gov- 
ernor John Winthrop in 1629. James and 
Abraham, of Roxborough and Ipswich, were 
probably brothers, and John of .Sudbury was 
of near kinship to them. 

From John, of Sudbury and Marlborough, 
was descended that line of Howes whose naine 
was closely associated with the Red Horse 
Tavern, which Longfellow made famous as 
The Wayside Inn. Several generations of 
Howes were successive proprietors of this well- 
known hostelry. In the prelude to the "Tales 
of the Wa\'side Inn" is described the 



well framed and glazed, 
■olors blazed," 



and the let^ciid ujxm it states that the wolves' 
heads anpearing thereon are the family arms. 
These three wolves' heads are to be found as 
charges upon the escutcheon of nearly all the 



536 



\E\V EXGLAXD. 



Howes mentioned in "Burke's General Arm- 
ory." 

The armorial bearings of John Howe in 
heraldic parlance are described as follows : 
Argent, a chevron between three wolves' heads 
couped sable. Crest : Out of a ducal coronet 
or ; a unicorn's head gules, attired and crined 
of the first. Motto : Utcunquc placitcrit deo. 

James Howe was born in England about 
1606. He was the son of Robert Howe, of 
Broad Oak Hatfield, county Essex, England. 
He settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts, about 
1637, where he was admitted freeman, and 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John Dane. 
He was a commoner 1641 ; one of Major Den- 
nison's subscribers 1648. With the designa- 
tion of James Sen'r. he had a share in Plum 
Island 1644, tithingman 1677, ^"^ in 1679 was 
a voter in town affairs. He settled before 
1648 in Ipswich, Massachusetts, where his wife 
died January 21, 1693. He died May 17, 1702. 
His children were James, born about 1634 (the 
unfortunate Elizabeth who was executed at 
Salem, Massachusetts, July 10, 1692, for alleged 
witchcraft is said to have been wife of this 
James): Mary, married Nehemiah Abbett ; 
John ; Sarah, married John Bridges, of An- 
dover, Massachusetts ; Abraham, born about 
1649; Rebecca, married Stephen Barnard. 

Abraham, son of James Howe, was born 
about 1649. He married, March 26, 1678, Sarah 
Peabody, daughter of Lieutenant Francis Pea- 
body, who came from St. Albans, Hertford- 
shire, England, to New England in the ship 
"Planter," Nicholas Tearice, master, in 1636. 
Abraham settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts. 
"A seat in the meeting house was assigned to 
Corporal Abraham How in 1700." He died 
January 21, 1717. His widow died September 
20, 1732. His children were Love, born Janu- 
ary 13, 1679, married Samuel Porter: Increase, 
born April 12, 1680, married (first) Mary 
^Vhipple, (second) Susanna Kinsman: Samp- 
son, horn March I, 1683: Abraham, born June 
2j. KiSd, married Hepsibeth Andrews: Abijah, 
born about 1689, married Hannah Dow ; Israel, 
born January 24, 1692-93, married Mercy War- 
ner : Mark, born March 28, 1695, married 
(first) Hepsibeth Perkins, (second) Margaret 
Perley, (third) Elizabeth Bradstreet. He died 
February 17, 1777. 

Sampson, son of Abraham, known as Cap- 
t;iin Sampson, was born in Ipswich, Massa- 
clniselts, .March i, 1683, and settled in Kill- 
ingly, Connecticut, about 1708. He married, 
1700, Alice, daughter of John Perley, of Box- 
ford, Massachusetts, who was the first male 
child born in Ipswich. Family traditions repre- 
sents Sampson to have been a man of giant 
proportions, six feet seven inches in height and 



broad in proportion, but he was not noted for 
his stature only. He was a representative in 
the general assembly at Hartford in 1720, and 
was a prominent citizen and landowner. He 
was one of the original patentees of Killingly. 

On July 16, 171 1, the town agreed to give 
Mr. John Fiske three hundred and fifty acres 
of land for his encouragement to settle in the 
work of the ministry, and Sampson Howe was 
appointed one of the committee to lay out this 
land. On July 9, 1728, the inhabitants of 
North Killingly met together to organize a 
religious society, "they voted and chose Samp- 
son Howe Clerk for said Society." They set 
about the work of erecting a meeting house, 
and Sampson Howe was one of a number 
"chosen to take care to provide for raising, and 
under their supervision the work was faith- 
fully accomplished and the frame raised be- 
fore the setting in of winter." In 1730 he was 
chosen captain of a military company organized 
by the inhabitants of Thompson parish. The 
meeting house being completed, to him was ap- 
pointed "the delicate task of assigning the 
seventeen pew spots * * * to the persons they 
most properly belong unto." To Sampson 
Howe was entrusted the work of gathering the 
land tax, and in 1734 he acted as one of the 
agents of the town in a dispute over the bound- 
ary line between Thompson and Killingly, the 
settlement of which established the boundary 
between Massachusetts and Connecticut at that 
point. For more than twenty years he was 
one of those in charge of the public lands of 
the township. Captain Sampson Howe died in 
1736, and was buried with military honors. 
He left a large estate to his widow and sons. 
His will shows that he left along with other 
property two negroes valued at £200. The 
woman Leah was left to his son Sampson : 
Caesar, the man servant, to Perley. His chil- 
dren were : Sampson, and Perley, born about 
1 7 10. There were probably other children. 

Perley. son of Sampson, was born in Kill- 
ingly, ajjout 1710. He was graduated at Har- 
vard College in 1731, ordained a Congrega- 
tional minister at Dudley, Massachusetts, June 
12, 1735, and removed from there to Killingly in 
1746. He married Damaris, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Joseph Cady, of Killingly. The latter was 
one of the most prominent citizens of Killingly. 
and was associated with Captain Sampson 
Howe in many of his activities in connection 
with the religious and civic life of Killingly. 
The Cadys are mentioned among the "ancient 
and leading families" of Killingly, and Joseph 
Cady as one of the "prominent and influential 
men" whose plea "could not be disregarded" 
by the general assembly. In 1745 the scattered 
members of the old or first religious society 



NEW en(;laxd. 



537 



in Killingly solemnly renewed their covenant, 
agreeing: "That we have taken the Lord Je- 
hovah for our God, will fear Him, cleave to 
Him, and serve Him, bind ourselves to bring 
up our children in the knowledge and fear of 
God and in special by orthodox catechism ; to 
keep close to the truth of Christ, taking the 
sacred Scriptures as the only rule of faith and 
practice. Declare ourselves a church of Christ 
according to Congregational principles as laid 
down in Cambridge Platform." The covenant 
was signed by seventeen members and also by 
the Rev. Perley Howe, pastor-elect, who was 
afterwards installed in office. "The old meet- 
ing house was speedily demolished and a new 
one erected, — a spacious, commodious edifice, 
probably superior to any in the county. It had 
three great double doors, opening East, West 
and South ; large square pews furnished with 
lattice work, a high pulpit and sounding board ; 
galleries, front and sides, with rising seats and 
wall pews in the rear and two flights of broad 
stairs leading to them. With this elegant church 
edifice and an acceptable minister, the first 
society of Killingly regained its former prestige 
and position." His pastorate was that of "a 
highly respectable and useful minister." and 
the church was prosperous during his ministry, 
which was terminated by his sudden death 
March lo, 1753, in his forty-third year. His 
children were : Ellis, Elizabeth and Sarah, all 
of whom died young; Isaac Cady, married 
Damaris Burch ; Perley ; Damaris, married Tim- 
othy Holton ; Joseph, born January 14, 1747, 
was graduated from Yale as the valedictorian of 
an exceptionally able class in 1765, entered the 
ministry and was settled over the New South 
Congregational Society of Boston, Massachu- 
setts, where he remained until open hostilities 
closed the churches of Boston. He returned to 
his old home in Connecticut and after visiting 
his friends succumbed to complicated disease, 
dying in Hartford. August 25, 1775. He was 
thought by some the most brilliant young man 
of his generation. Other children : Rebecca. 
Sampson. 

Perley, son of the Rev. Perley Howe, was 
born in 1742. He married (first) Tamer Davis, 
(second) Abigail DeWolf, January 29, 1775. 
He was a cornet in the company of Captain 
Samuel McClellan's Connecticut "Troop of 
Horse" in the Lexington Alarm, 1775, and was 
appointed lieutenant and later captain in Major 
Backus' Regiment of Light Horse, 1776. On 
November 2, 1776, Washington gave his "hearty 
thanks for their faithful services and the alac- 
rity they have shown upon all occasions." In 
1780 he served in Captain Robert Carr's com- 
pany of the Senior Class and Alarm Men in 
the countv of Bristol, Rhode Island. Like 



many others of his time he impoverished him- 
self by taking Continental money for gold, 
which he advanced to the government in the 
cause of Independence. His second wife, Abi- 
gail DeWolf, was a sister of Captain James 
DeWolf, senator from Rhode Island, and a 
fitter out and owner of a number of privateers 
in the war of 1812. Among them was the 
"Yankee." which "captured and destroyed Brit- 
ish property to the amount of three millions 
of dollars." She survived him and married 
(second) Jeremiah Ingraham. Captain Perley 
Howe died in 1793. His children by his first 
marriage were : Sarah D., married Luther War- 
ren : Joseph Cady, married Tabitha Rhoades ; 
Perley, married Persis Putnam ; Rebecca, mar- 
ried Alaurer Warren, and Zarah D. His chil- 
dren by his second marriage were: Mark An- 
tony DeWolf, born April 29, 1777: William, 
born November 4, 1778: James, born May 2, 
1781 ; John, born July 3, 1783; George, born 
August 18, 1791, married Abby Turner, died 
October 22, 1838. The three brothers, Mark, 
James and William, were all on the ship "La- 
vinia Cady" (named after the betrothed of the 
elder brother), which had completed a cruise 
around the world, Mark Antony DeWolf in 
command, and was daily expected home, when 
the vessel was wrecked olif the coast of Cape 
Cod, 1802, and all were lost. 

John, son of Captain Perley. was born in 
Killingly. Connecticut, July 3, 1783. He was 
graduated at Rhode Island College, now Brown 
L^niversity, in the year 1805, and on leaving 
college studied law under Judge Benjamin 
Bourne, and on admission to the bar practiced 
his profession until in 1841 he was appointed 
collector of customs for the district of Bristol 
and Warren. He earl^' secured an enviable 
reputation at the bar, then regularly attended 
by such lawyers as Burrill. Burges and Searle, 
of Providence, and Hazzard. Hunter and Rob- 
bins, of Newport. He early took part in the 
politics of the day, casting his lot as a Federal- 
ist with a party that was in the minority both 
in state and country. He stood by this party 
through all its struggles until it was succeeded 
by the Whig party. Several of the ablest 
essays on the Protective System, published in 
the papers of the time, were from his pen. He 
represented the town of Bristol in the general 
assembly for a number of years, and was an 
influential and prominent member of that body. 
He married Louisa, daughter of Stephen Smith, 
of Bristol, Rhode Island, and had one child, 
Mark .Antony DeWolf. Squire Howe, as he 
was called, filled a large place in the com- 
mimity for half a century, and was among the 
first to start and forward the plan of free 
schools. He died March 18. 1864. 



538 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Mark Antony DeW'olf was born in Bristol, 
Rhode Island, April 5, 1808. He spent two 
years at Middlebury College and then entered 
the junior class at IJrown University, graduat- 
ing as class poet in 1828. He taught in the 
public schools of Boston and was a tutor in 
Latin, Greek and elocution at Brown Univer- 
sity, and began the study of law in his father's 
office. In 1832 he entered the ministry of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. He was rector 
of St. James Church, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
and for a brief period of Christ Church, Cam- 
bridge, and was editor of The Christian Wit- 
ness, then and long after the well-known New 
England organ of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. While at Roxbury occurred his cele- 
brated discussion with the eminent Horace 
Mann, which largely decided public opinion in 
favor of the American school system for Amer- 
ica. In 1846 he was elected rector of St. 
Luke's Church, Philadelphia, where he remain- 
ed until his elevation to the episcopate. St. 
Luke's parish under his leadership became one 
of the strongest and most influential in the Dio- 
cese of Pennsylvania. For twelve years he 
was secretary of the House of Clerical and 
Lay Deputies of the General Convention. In 
1865 he was elected missionary bishop of Ne- 
vada, but declined. He received the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity from Brown University in 
1848, and that of Doctor of Laws from the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1876. He was 
consecrated bishop of central Pennsylvania, 
December 28, 1871, and for twenty-three years 
labored in the building up of an effective and 
harmonious organization in a diocese of mag- 
nificent distances. In his active career as bishop 
he frequently traveled yearly six thousand to 
ten thousand miles. He died at his old home. 
Weetamoe, in Bristol, Rhode Island, July 31, 
1895. As a scholar he was learned, and as a 
public orator, eloquent. He was a member of 
the Pan-Anglican Convention, which met in 
Lambeth Chapel, London, in 1878. Under the 
influence in his youth of Stephen H. Tyng, of 
Bishop Alexander V. Griswold, and President 
Francis Weyland, of Brown University, and 
later closely associated and working with Bishop 
Alonzo Potter, he developed administrative 
qualities which in conjunction with his scholar- 
ly and poetic turn of mind made him an emi- 
nent divine and a great bishop. Bishop Howe's 
first wife was Julia Bowen Amory ; his second, 
Elizabeth S., daughter of the Rev. Herbert 
Marshall, and his third wife was Eliza, daugh- 
ter of Asa Whitney. His children, who reach- 
ed mature years, are as follows: Dr. Herbert 
Marshall Howe ; Rev. Reginald Heber Howe, 
D. D. ; Elizabeth Marshall Howe, who married 
Rev. George Pomeroy Allen, D. D. ; Frank 



Perley Howe: Alfred Leighton Howe; Arthur 
Whitney Howe : Alark Antony DeWolf Howe : 
Wallis Eastburn Howe. Mary, a daughter by 
Bishop Howe's first wife, was married to the 
Rt. Rev. William Hobart Hare, D. D., and 
their onlv child is Dr. Hobart Amorv Hare. 



John Kingsley, immigrant an- 
KINGSLEY cestor, was born in England 
and settled early at Dorches- 
ter, Massachusetts. He was admitted a free- 
man, March 4, 1632-33, and he was one of the 
seven signers of the first church covenant, Au- 
gust 23, 1636. He came with his friend Mather 
or perhaps even earlier, was an important fac- 
tor in the church and was the last survivor of 
the founders. He was probably a brother of 
Stephen Kingsley, who settled in Braintree as 
early as 1637, was admitted a freeman, May 
13, 1640, removed to Dorchester and bought 
half of the Hutchinson farm, February 23, 
1756, returned to Braintree and sold land at 
Milton, May 11, 1670, was elder of the church 
and deputy to the general court. The surname 
is still spelled Kinsley by some branches of the 
family. Kingesley and Kingsly were also com- 
mon spellings in the early records. 

John Kingsley removed to Rehoboth after 
1648 and was a town officer there. He suffer- 
ed severely during the Indian hostilities of 
King Philip's war, and his letter to the author- 
ities gives a sad picture of the suiifering of the 
colonists, from which he asked relief under 
date of May 5, 1676 (Trumbull Records, vol ii., 
p. 445). His' will was dated at Rehoboth, No- 
vember 2, 1647, and was proved March 5, 

1678-79. He married (first) Elizabeth , 

(.second) Mary . He bequeathed to 

wife Mary and son Eldad. Children: Free- 
dom Eldad, born 1638, one of the founders of 
the first Baptist church in Massachusetts, 1663 ; 
Edward Renewal or Renewed, born March 19, 
1644: Enos, mentioned below; one daughter 
married John Fench, of Northampton ; another 
married Jones. 

(II) Enos, son of John Kingsley, was born, 
probably at Rehoboth, about 1650, died Decem- 
ber 9, 1708. He was admitted a freeman in 
1680. He and others of the family located 
at Northampton, Massachusetts. He married 
Sarah, daughter of Edmund Haynes, of Spring- 
field. Children: John, born 1664, died young; 
Sarah, 1665; John, 1667; Haynes, died aged 
twenty years : Ann ; Samuel, mentioned below ; 
Remember, died young; Hannah, 1681. 

(III) Samuel, son of Enos Kingsley, was 
born April 29, 1674. He lived at Northamp- 
ton. He married there, December 20, 1704, 
Marv Hutchinson. Among their children was 
Samuel, mentioned below. 



NEW ENCiLAXD. 



539 



( IV ) Samuel ( 2 ), son of Samuel ( i ) Kings- 
ley, was born at Northampton, November 24, 
1710. He married, December 27, 1739, Jemima, 
daughter of Noah and Mindwell (Edwards) 
Parsons. Noah Parsons was born Augiist 15, 
1692, married, January 17, 1712, Alindwell Ed- 
wards, born January 11, 1694, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Thankful (Sheldon) Edwards, of 
the famous Edwards family of Northampton. 
Noah Parsons died October 27, 1779. He was 
a son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Strong) Par- 
sons, granddaughter of Cornet Joseph Parsons 
and of Elder William Strong, two of the most 
prominent pioneers of the Connecticut valley. 
Elizabeth Strong was born February 29, 1647- 
48, married, March 17, 1669, Joseph Parsons, 
born 1647, at Springfield. Many of the Strong 
and Parsons families achieved distinction. Noah 
was a brother of Rev. Joseph, Lieutenant John, 
Captain Ebenezer and Rev. David Parsons, and 
his brother Joseph had three sons in the minis- 
try. Children, born at Northampton : Enos, Oc- 
tober 16, 1740; Samuel, January 29, 1742-43: 
Joseph, mentioned below ; Jemima, married 
Captain Azariah Lyme: Daniel, May 12, 1751 : 
Naomi, twin of Daniel; Lucy, July 30, 1756. 

(V) Joseph, son of Samuel (2) Kingsley, 
was born at Northampton, March 2, 1744-45, 
died October 6, 1832. He was in good health 
to the day of his death, which occurred in the 
field where he was at work. He was a farmer 
at Westhampton. He married (intention dated 
February 19, 1769) Isabel, born May 12, 1747, 
daughter of Ezra and Miriam (Danks) Strong, 
of Southampton. Ezra Strong was born Octo- 
ber 14, 1697, married (first) Isabel, daughter 
of Samuel and Abigail (Brown) Fowler, (sec- 
ond) Miriam, born February 22, 1714, daugh- 
ter of Robert Jr. and Rebecca (Rust) Danks. 
Isabel Strong was also a descendant of Elder 
John Strong. "She was sprightly in all her 
movements, very affable, one who feared to do 
wrong, possessing a large amount of love and 
anxiety for her children and grandchildren and 
greatly beloved." She died December 25, 1814. 
She was noted for her fervent piety and serene 
happy life. Children, born at Westhampton: 
Joseph, January 14, 1770, died August I, 1864: 
Ezra, mentioned below : Justus, December 24, 
1772, died same day: Isabel, April 11, 1774, 
died January 27, 1846: Bela, December 14, 
1775, died March 6, 1839: Miriam. October 20, 
1779, died May 2-^, 1863, married Salmon Wait : 
Justus, March 10. 1782. died October 9, 1809: 
married William Cole : Zenas. twin of Justus, 
died November 6, 1804: Hervey, October 21, 
1785, died October 24. 1825: Warham. March 
II, 1788, died May i, 1862: Marvel, October 
2?-. 1792, died February 15, 1857. 

( \'I ) Ezra, son uf Joseph Kingsley, was 



born in Westhampton, August 16, 1771. He 
was a farmer at \Vesthampton. He was killed 
by lightning, July 31, 1835. He married (first), 
December 10, 1794, Miriam Rust, of Chester- 
field, Massachusetts, born March 20, 1775, 
daughter of Elijah and Miriam (Strong) Rust. 
She was also a descendant of Elder John 
Strong; she died April 28, 1810, He married 
(second), December 26, 18 12, Hannah Clark, 
born May 31, 1782, died April 6, 1840, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Martin and Hannah (Clapp) 
Clark. Children of first wife, born at West- 
hampton: Wealthy, November 26, 1796, mar- 
ried John A. Judd; Orrin, November 20, 1802. 
Children of second wife: Miriam Rust, March 
14, 1815, married Horace Baker: Ezra Mun- 
son, mentioned below. 

(\'II) Ezra A'lunson, son of Ezra Kingsley, 
was born in Westhampton, October 31, 1817. 
He was educated in the public schools, and fol- 
lowed farming in his native town, was also a 
merchant in New York City. He married 
(first), July 2, 1844, Sarah Ann, daughter of 
Thomas and Sarah (Newkirk) Campbell: she 
died January 27, 1845. He married (second), 
January 14, 1848, Almira Woodward, born 
February 22, 1824, daughter of George Achorn, 
of Wiscasset, Maine. Children of first wife: 
Helen Campbell, born October 2-]. 1856: Will- 
iam Morgan, mentioned below. 

(VIII) William Morgan, son of Ezra Mun- 
son Kingsley, was born December 16, 1863, in 
New York City. He attended the public and 
private schools, and entered New York L^niver- 
sity, from which he was graduated in 1883 and 
from which he received the degree of Master 
of Arts in 1886. Shortly after his graduation 
he entered the employ of Brown Brothers & 
Company, bankers, and continued with this 
house for eight years, ac(|uiring in that time a 
thorough knowledge of the business and win- 
ning the confidence and commendation of his 
employers. In 1895 he embarked in business 
for himself as a partner in the firm of Kings- 
ley, Mabon & Company, bankers and brokers. 
The business was highly successful and Mr. 
Kingsley won a place of prominence in the 
financial world. In 1906 he was elected vice- 
president of the United States Trust Company 
of New York City, one of the most important 
trust companies of the metropolis. In this posi- 
tion he has again proved himself an able finan- 
cier, an exponent of sound and conservative 
banking methods and an efficient trustee of the 
depositors in his bank. He is also a director 
of Sixth Avenue Railroad Company and of 
other large corporations. 

In addition to his business activities he has 
taken an active part in religi<ius. educational 
anil iihilantlirnnic nidvenu-nt-;. He is a mem- 



540 



NEW EXCLAXD. 



ber of the board of directors of the L'nion 
Theological Seminary ; vice-president and di- 
rector of the New York Young Men's Christian 
Association : a member of the council and 
treasurer of Nevf York University : a trustee 
and treasurer of the Protestant College at 
Beirut, Syria ; one of the trustees of the Mount 
Hermon School, at Northfield, Massachusetts ; 
a member of the board of managers of the 
Presbyterian Hospital, New York. Mr. Kings- 
ley is a member of the New England Society 
of New York, the Chamber of Commerce, the 
University and y\rdsley clubs, and the Greek 
letter fraternity, Psi Upsilon.. In politics he is 
a Republican. 

He married, November 6, 1890, Susan, daugh- 
ter of Charles Buck, of Germany. Children : 
Charles Parkhurst, born in New York City, 
October. 1892; Myra, born in New York, Oc- 
tober, 1897; ^lahon, March i. 1900; Elsa, twin 
of Alabnn. 



Stephen Gifford, immigrant an- 
Gl l''F( )R1^ cestor of this branch, was born 
about i64i,andwas an original 
proprietor of Norwich, Connecticut, in 1659. 
He married (first) May, 1667, Hannah Gove, 
who died January 24, 1670-71. He married 
(second) May 12, 1672, Hannah Gallup, born 
1645, died January 20, 1724, daughter of John 
Gallup, of Stonington, Connecticut. He died 
November 27, 1724. Children of first wife: 
Samuel, mentioned below : Hannah, born Janu- 
ary 7, 1671. Children of second wife: John, 
T673; Riit'i. December 30, 1676; Stephen. Au- 
gust 28. 1679; Aquila, October 25, 1682. 

(U) Samuel, son of Stephen Gififord, was 
born in 1668, died August 26, 1714. He re- 
moved from Norwich to Lebanon, Connecticut, 
in 1692, and later to Windham. He married, 
1685, Mary, daughter of John Calkins, of Wind- 
ham. She died July 30, 1748. Children: Sam- 
uel, mentioned below ; Hannah, born December 
27, 1696; Jeremiah, died May, 1701-02: Mary, 
born December 23, 1701 ; Lydia, April 16, 1704: 
Ruth, September i, 1706; Jeremiah, August 
23, 1708; Sarah, October 21, 1712. 

(Ill) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Gif- 
ford, was born September 23, 1694, at \N'ind- 
liam, died in 1753, at Norwich. Pie married, 
January 12, 1719-20, Experience Hyde, born 
September 7, 1700, died September 30, 1753. 
Cliildren: Samuel, born November 24, 1720; 
Anna, September 5, 1722: Hannah, September 
20, 1724: Stephen, November 6, 1726: James, 
.'\pril 10, 1729; Lois, Eebruary 25, 1731 ; Ex- 
perience, May 15, 1733: Ziba, mentioned be- 
low: Caleb, March 10, 1737-38; Mary, March 
15. 1740. died Sc])tcniher 22, 1753: .Sarah, June 
22. 1744. 



( I\') Ziba. son of Samuel (2) Gififord, was 
born October 30, 1735. He lived in Norwich. 
He married, December 24, 1761, Edith Giiiford, 
of Norwich, born July I, 1742. Children: 
Edith, born August 23. 1762; Ziba, mentioned 
below: John, October 23, 1766; Eliab, March 
15, 1769; Hannah, November 9, 1771 ; Martha. 
February 26, 1774; Betsey (twin), April 2, 
1776; Polly (twin), April 2, 1776; Eli, May 
13, 1778; Stephen, March i, 1780. 

(V) Ziba (2), son of Ziba (i) Gififord, was 
born June 3, 1764, died August 4, 1847, at 

Norwich. He married (first) Morrill, 

(second) McKnight, (third) 

Fuller. Children: Jerusha, born March 12, 
1788; Sarah. March 12, 1790; Ziba, August 
29, 1792: Thomas, May 21, 1794; Ira, men- 
tioned below: Pollv. April 7, 1799: Damaris, 
July 15, 1802: Eliab. May 24, 1804; Polly, No- 
vember 16, 1806: Betsey, January 22, 1809; 
Levi W., January 6, 181 1, died February 28, 
1815: Martha, December 23, 1813, died Feb- 
ruary 25, 1815: Maria, May 21, 1815, died 
August 20, 1832. 

(VI) Ira, son of Ziba (2) GifTord, was born 
September 2, 1797, died February 12, 1881. 
He married, January 11, 1821, Lucia Fuller, 
born August 20, 1799, died April 17,* 1862. 
Children: Mary F., born December 16, 1822; 
Henry Oscar, mentioned below : Lucy M., July 
26, 1828, died September 15, 1842: Elisha F., 
February 27. 1832, died April 17, 1833: Emma 
E., September 29, 1833. 

( VII) Henry Oscar, son of Ira Gifford, was 
born October 15, 1824, in Vermont, died in 
1908. He married, June 4, 1 85 1, Avis Joseph- 
ine Eaton, born in Monkton, Vermont, 1824, 
died November 18, 1893. Children: Caroline 
G., born October 3, 1852, died in 1890; mar- 
ried Rev. Rufus Tobey, who married (first) 
her sister Genevieve. 2. Genevieve Rebecca, 
born October 11, 1854: married Rev. Rufus 
-Tobey, of Wollaston, Massachusetts, and had 
one child. Avis Caroline Tobey. 3. James M., 
mentioned below. 4. Emma E., born March 
25, 1859: married Edgar S. Leavenworth, of 
\Vood River. Nebraska. 

(\TII) James M., son of Henry Oscar Clif- 
ford, was born March 19. 1856' He fitted 
for college at the Beaman Academy at New 
Haven, \'ermont, and entered Middlebury Col- 
lege, \'ermont, in 1873, and was graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1877. In 
1880 he received the degree of ]\Iaster of Arts 
from Syracuse L'niversity and in 1883 Bach- 
elor of Laws from Columbia L^niversity. In 
1892 he received the degree of Doctor of Laws 
from Middlebury College. He was admitted 
to the New York bar in 1883. For four years 
he was a school teacher, professor of Greek 



NEW EN(,LAXI), 



541 



and Latin in the Mechanicsville Academy in 
1877-78, and principal of the academy at Mex- 
ico, Oswego county, New York, from 1878 to 
1881. From 1883 to 1886 he was an instructor 
in the Columbia Law School. Since then he 
has been engaged in general practice in New 
\'ork, making a specialty of corporation law. 

He was appointed by Mayor Gaynor, of New 
^'ork, in 1910,, a member of the Teachers' 
Salary Committee. He is chairman of the law 
committee to act with the committee of the 
Chamber of Commerce of New York in the 
Rapid Transit matters. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, and in 1910 was a delegate to the 
Republican state convention. He is a member 
of the LTnion League Club, the West Side Re- 
publican Club, the Down Town Association, 
the Lawyers Club, the Barnard Club, the New 
York Bar Association, the New York County 
Lawyers' Association, the Canoe Brook Club, 
the Presbyterian Union and to various Greek 
letter fraternities. He was formerly an elder in 
the Presbyterian church. He is vice-president 
of the American-Argentine Chemical Company, 
president and director of the Charlotte Harbor 
& Northern Company, director and member of 
the executive committee of the Union Type- 
writer Company, director of the Columbia 
Trust Company, the Atlantic Safe and Deposit 
Company, the Fidelity Development Company, 
the Morris Park Estates, the Island Cities Real 
Estate Company, and vice-president of the 
Peace River Phosphate Mining Company. 

He married, June 28, 1883, Harriet Rogene, 
born in Antwerp, Jefferson county. New York, 
December 20, 1856, daughter of George and 
Mercy Ann fWhittemore) Brangan. 



Christian Remick, immigrant an- 
REMICK cestor, came from England or 

Holland to America. He was 
born in 1631 and was living at Kittery, Maine, 
jftnuary 24. 1715. He signed the submission 
to Massachusetts in 1652. He settled on Eliot 
Neck where he had a grant of fifty-two acres 
of land in 165 1, and six later grants. His 
house stood near the river, not far from the 
present school house. He was a planter and 
surveyor and was often selectman and treas- 
urer of the town. He was one of the pro- 
prietors of old Kittery, and his grandson Na- 
thaniel received several hundred acres of land 
at the division of common lands in 1750. He 

married Hannah , who was living in 

April, 1703. Children: Hannah, born April 
25, 1656: Mary, August 7, 1658; Jacob, June 
2T,. 1660; Sarah, July 16, 1665 ; Abraham, June 
0. 1667: Martha, February 20, 1669; Joshua, 
mentioned below : Lydia, February 8, 1676. 
I'll) Joshua, son of Christian Remick, was 



bijrn April 24. 1672. He lived on the home- 
stead at Eliot Neck, and had grants of land in 
1694 and 1701. He married (first) December 
21, 1693, at Amesbury, Massachusetts, Ann 
Lancaster. He married (second) September, 
1 7 16, Mary Hepworth, of Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. Children : Hannah, born March 
10, 1694-95; Sarah, August 27, 1696; Joshua, 
mentioned below; Joseph, November 10, 1700; 
Anne, October 19, 1702; Ichabod, July 27, 
1704; Isaac, February 14, 1705; Dorcas, bap- 
tized May 22, 1715, at Portsmouth; Lydia, 
baptized August 28, 1720; Mary, baptized Au- 
gust 28, 1720. 

(Ill) Joshua (2), son of Joshua ( i ) Remick, 
was born September 4, 1698. He was a ship- 
wright by trade, and lived on the old homestead 
at Eliot Neck. He married, 1729, Dorcas, 
daughter of Joseph and .Susanna f Beedle) Hill. 
Children ; Joseph, mentioned below ; Ichabod, 
married Sarah Jackson ; Susanna, married, Oc- 
tober, 1768, Thomas Dixon, at Newington ; 
Ruth, married, August 23. 1749, Joseph Goold ; 
Grace, married, as third wife, November 4, 
1755, Thomas Fernald ; Alargaret, married 
Samuel Dixon, lived at Kittery. 

( I\' ) Joseph, son of Joshua (2) Remick. 
was a soldier in the revolution in Captain S. 
( irant's company. Colonel Titcomb's regiment, 
in 1777. He was also in the French war in 
1757. He was a shipwright and carpenter by 
trade. In 1794 he removed to Lebanon, Maine. 
He married, June 25, 1755, at Portsmouth, 
Sarah Wells. Children : Lydia, born August 
15, 1756; Mary, January 29, 1758; Margaret, 
February 28, 1760; John, April 12, 1766; Sus- 
anna, January 2, 1768; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low; Joshua, July 15, 1782. 

( \' ) Joseph (2), son of Joseph ( i ) Remick, 
was born March 3, 1773. He lived in Lebanon, 
Maine, with his father, for a time, after 1794. 
He married and among his chiklren was Jo- 
seph, mentioned below. 

( VI ) Joseph (3 ), son of Joseph (2 ) Remick, 
was born at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
i8ro. He married Mary Ann Pickering, born 
March 14, 1829, daughter of Captain William 
and Mary Hammond (see Hammond VI). 
Among their children was William Hammond, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) William Hammond, son of Joseph 
(3) Remick, was born at East Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, October 14, 1866. He attended the 
public schools, including the grammar and high 
schools at East Boston. His business career 
began with a clerkship in the woolen trade. In 
1895 he came to New York City to become a 
partner in the banking house of R. L. Day & 
Company, t,7 Wall street. He is a member of 
the I'nion League Club of New York, the 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Metropolitan Club of New York, the New- 
York Stock Exchange and the New England 
Society of New York. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. He is a trustee of the Dry Dock 
Savings Bank of New York. 

He married, October 7, 1903, Elizabeth Wil- 
son, born in Wilmington, Delaware, January 
I, 1872, daughter of John and Mary (Wilson) 
Moore. Children : Mary Moore, born in New 
York, June 10, 1905; Elizabeth Hammond, 
born in New York, February 6, 1909. 

(The Hammond Line). 

( I ) William Hammond, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England in 1597, died in 1702, 
aged one hundred and five. He settled in 
Wells, Maine, before 1653. He is believed to 
have come from Slymbridge, England. His 
wife was Benedictus. John Gooch calls Ham- 
mond his brother, meaning doubtless brother- 
in-law. It is said that his son Jonathan was 
killed and scalped by the Indians in 1704, and 
that his widow married, in 1709, James Welch. 
He had sons : Jonathan : Joseph, mentioned be- 
low : Samuel, who lived in Wells. 

(II) Major Joseph Hammond, son of Will- 
iam Hammond, was born in 1646, died Febru- 
ary 20, 1709-10, aged si.xty-three. He removed 
from Wells to what is now Eliot, Maine, in 
1669, and had a garrison house near Franks 
I'ort. He was for many years town clerk, 
also selectman, representative to the general 
court, councilor, captain, major, recorder of 
deeds and judge of the court of common pleas. 
He was major commandant at York, Maine. 
He had a grant of twenty-five acres in Pis- 
cataqua near Franks Fort in 167 1. He was 
captured by the Indians, July 6, 1693, and ran- 
somed in October following. He was a man 
of integrity and worth, one of the leaders in 
his day. He married, before July 5, 1670, 
Catherine, widow of William Leighton and 
daughter of Nicholas Frost, of Eliot. She 
died August 15, 1715, aged eighty-two. Chil- 
dren: Mercy, born 1670: George, September 
II, 1672, died April 24, 1690; Dorcas. 1675. 
married Robert Cutt : Joseph, mentioned below. 

(III) Colonel Joseph (2) Hammond, son 
of Alajor Joseph (i) Hammond, was born 
January 19, 1677, died January 26, 1753. He 
succeeded to his father's house at Franks Fort. 
He was deputy to the general court seven years ; 
councilor of Massachusetts for twelve years 
after 1718; clerk of courts and recorder of 
deeds, colonel of his regiment, judge of the 
court of common pleas for ten years. He was 
one of the founders of the church at Eliot, 
June 23, 172T. A man of extensive usefulness, 
eminently qualified by natural ability, training 



and experience for ])ublic service. He mar- 
ried, September 14, 1699, Hannah, born May 
6, 1680. died May 21, 1765, daughter of Joseph 
and Hannah Storer, of Wells. Children: Jo- 
seph, born February i, 1701 : Hannah, July 4, 
1702; George, February 20, 1703-04; Dorcas, 
February 20, 1705-06; Abigail, November 16. 
1707; Catherine, September 24, 1709; Elisha, 
September 18, 1712; John, mentioned below: 
Jonathan, July 20, 1716. 

{ IV ) John, son of Colonel Joseph ( 2 ) Ham- 
mond, was born in Kittery, now Eliot, Maine, 
Julv 3, 1714. He married, December 14, 1738, 
Hannah Littlefield, of the Wells family. His 
homestead was at Franks Fort where he died 
January 18, 1759, in the prime of life. Chil- 
dren : William, born December 15, 1739; John, 
March 24, 1740-41 ; Elizabeth, January 25, 
1743; Abigail, January 25, 1746; Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Mary, 1760. 

(Y) Joseph (3), son of John Hammond, 
was born at Franks Fort, Kittery, in 1750; 
lived and died at the homestead near Franks 
Fort. He married, November 7, 1784, Mary 
Fernald. Children : Hannah Littlefield, born 
about 1785; Mary. April 25, 1787; Prudence. 
1789 ; Sarah, about 1792 ; John, 1794; William, 
mentioned below ; Elizabeth ; Joseph, baptized 
April 18, 1804. 

(XT) Captain William (2) Hammond, son 
of Joseph (3) Hammond, was born at Franks 
Fort, August 8, 1797. He resided on Bolt Hill. 
He was representative to the legislature, county 
commissioner and register of probate. He 
married, August 24, 1823, Mary, born Decem- 
ber 14, 1799, daughter of James and Mary 
(Kennard) Paul. Children: John Edward, 
born November 14, 1824; William Augustus, 
May 24, 1827; Mary Ann Pickering, March 
14, 1829, married Joseph Remick (see Remick 
VI) ; James Paul, August 9, 1831, died Octo- 
ber 8, 1832 : Aravesta, January 21, 1834; How- 
ard, June 10, 1837; Emily, October 15, 1841. 



Oren BirneyCravath.of Hom- 
CR.W'.KTH er. New York, a descendant 

of English pioneers, was born 
in Cortland, New York. He was educated in 
the public schools. In religion he was a Con- 
gregationalist. He married Betsey Northway. 
Their children : Erastus Milo, mentioned be- 
low ; Bishop Milton, born in 1835, died in 
1900; Orae Philura, born in 1836, died young: 
Samuel Llewellyn, born in 1838 ; Laura Amelia, 
born in 1840, died in 1874; Oren Birney, born 
in 1844, died in 1874. 

(II) Rev. Erastus Milo Cravath, son of 
Oren Birney Cravath. was born at Homer, 
New York.' Tulv i, 1833. He attended the 



NEW ENGI.AXD. 



543 



public schools in Homer and was graduated at 
Oberlin, where he was also educated for the 
ministry. During the civil war he was chap- 
lain of the One Hundred and First Regiment 
of Ohio Volunteers. After the war he was 
for several years secretary of the American 
Missionary Association with headquarters in 
New York, and then became the president of 
Fisk University at Nashville, Tennessee, an 
office which he held until his death in igoo. 
He married Ruthanna Jackson, born Novem- 
ber 4, 1833, at Kennett S(|uare, Pennsylvania. 
Children: i. Paul Drennan, mentioned below. 

2. Bessie Northway, born at Saratoga, Minne- 
sota, October 7, 1868; married Professor Her- 
bert A. Miller, professor of philosophy and 
sociology at Olivet College, Olivet, Michigan. 

3. Erastus Milo, born at Lincoln University, 
Pennsylvania, August 24, 1872 ; banker and 
broker. New York City. 

(HI) Paul Drennan, son of Rev. Erastus 
Milo Cravath, was born at Berlin Heights, 
Ohio, July 14, 1861. He attended the public 
schools, the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, 
and studied abroad. He was graduated from 
Oberlin College in the class of 1882 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts, and in 1888 he 
took the degree of Master of Arts. In 1886 he 
was graduated from Columbia Law School 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, cum laude, 
and in the same year began the practice of his 
profession as clerk in the office of Carter, 
Hornblower & Byrne. He became successive- 
ly a partner in the law firm of Carter, Hughes 
& Cravath, in Cravath & Houston, in Seward. 
Guthrie & Steele, in Guthrie, Cravath & Hen- 
derson, and since May i. 1906, he has been a 
partner in the firm of Cravath, Henderson & 
de Gersdorff. He has taken a prominent posi- 
tion in the bar of New York City. In politics 
he is a Republican. He was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Theodore Roosevelt chairman of the tene- 
ment house commission of New York City. 
He is a member of the following clubs : Law- 
yers, Riding, Metropolitan, City Mid-day, LTni- 
versity. Republican. Meadowbrook, Nassau 
Country, Seawanhaka Corinthian Yacht. Gro- 
lier. National Arts, Congregational, Down 
Town .A^ssociation, Piping Rock and Mill Neck. 
He and his family are communicants of St. 
Bartholomew Protestant Episcopal Church of 
New York City. He is a director of the Na- 
tional Bank of Commerce of New York. 

He married, at St. Thomas Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, New York City, November 15, 
1893, Agnes Huntington, born at Kalamazoo, 
Michigan. Their only child is Vera .\gnes 
Huntington, born .August 28. 1895. 



William Nelson, immigrant an- 
NELSON cestor, was born in England, 
and according to some accounts 
came to this country on the ship "Fortune" to 
Plymouth, but his name is not found in the 
passenger lists. He was early at Plymouth, 
and was among the first settlers of Middle- 
borough, ^Massachusetts. He married, October 
27, 1640. Martha Ford, the first girl born at 
Plymouth. The name of Nelson appears on 
the list of those able to bear arms in 1643. He 
was a freeman in 1658, took the oath of fidelity 
in 1659, and was a freeman of Middleborough 
in 1670; one of the original purchasers of the 
Twenty-six Men's Purchase. He served in 
King Philip's war. In 1669 he and John 
Thompson were appointed by the proprietors 
to run the line between Mamassaketts land 
called Major's Purchase and Marshfield, Dux- 
bury and Bridgewater. In 1672 he and Lieu- 
tenant Peregrine \A'hite were appointed to lay 
out the meadows on Pachogue Neck and up- 
lands on the Bridgewater side. Children: i. 
John, born 1647; 1^'<^ o"'' with Peregrine 
White, a thousand acres near the old Indian 
way wdiere the Nemasket river runs into the 
Titicut ; was constable and surveyor of high- 
ways in 1669 ; he laid out land near old Indian 
way in Titicut in 1673; was an owner in Six- 
teen Shilling Purchase; constable in 1684; se- 
lectman, 1681-83-86: married (first) Sarah, 
daughter of Henry Wood, November 28, 1667 : 
(second) Lydia (Bartlett) Barnaby, widow of 
James Barnaby; (third) Patience, daughter of 
Ephraim Alortiui. 2. William, mentioned be- 
low. 

(II) William (2), son of William ( i ) Nel- 
son, was a farmer ; lived and died in the house 
which stood near the old Sproat tavern at the 
Green in Middleborough, probabl}' built and 
occupied a few years by his father. He mar- 
ried Ruth, daughter of Richard Foxell. The 
gravestones of William and his wife were re- 
cently discovered by Dr. .\biel Nelson, a de- 
scendant. He died March 22, 17 18, aged sev- 
enty-three ; his wife September 7, 1723, aged 
eighty-six. 

(HI) Thomas, son of William (2) Nelson 
(one account makes him son of John, brother 
of William), was born June 6, 1675 (also given 
May 7). He was perhaps the first white set- 
tler in Lakeville, part of Middleborough. He 
bought the homestead on Assawaupet Neck 
and moved thither in 171 7. When he was a 
baby he was taken to Plymouth with the fam- 
ily in 1673 to escape the horrors of the Indian 
war. He joined the Swansea church and every 
Saturdav useirl to travel twent\- miles with his 



544 



NEW ENGLAND. 



family, returning Monday morning. While at 
Swansea he occupied a small house that he 
built for the purpose. He is said to have been 
the first Baptist church member to live in 
Middleborough. Part of his farm is still in 
the possession of descendants, between Long 
Pond and Assawamscott. When he located 
there Indians owned the land on each side of 
his farm. 

He married ilope Hutchins, a woman of 
strong character. Once when she was alone 
in the house, hearing a noise in the cellar, she 
descended in the dark and caught an Indian 
who was glad to escape from her grasp with no 
worse injury than torn clothing, after a frantic 
struggle with his unknown assailant. She join- 
ed the Baptist church at Swansea, August 5. 
1723, and afterward became a member of the 
Baptist church of Middleborough, where she 
attended communion in her one hundred and 
fourth year. Among her three hundred and 
thirty-seven descendants when she died were 
three Baptist ministers. Thomas Nelson died 
March 28, 1755. 

( V) Captain Thomas Nelson, son or grand- 
son of Thomas Nelson, was born at Middle- 
borough, October 25, 1737, died there Septem- 
ber II, 1803. He inherited the farm of his 
family at Middleborough. He was major and 
colonel of his regiment and did substantial 
service during the revolutionary war. He built 
a house at Middleborough. He married Ann 

. Among their children was Stephen 

Smith, mentioned below. 

(\T) Rev. Stephen Smith Nelson, son of 
Captain John Nelson, grandson of Thomas 
Nelson (III), was born at Middleborough, Oc- 
tober 5, 1772. At the age of sixteen he was 
baptized by Rev. William Nelson, and united 
with the Baptist church of Middleborough. He 
attended the public schools and in the course 
of events entered Brown University, from 
which he was graduated in 1794. From 1819 
to 1831 he served as trustee of the LTniversity. 
On leaving college he studied theology under 
Rev. Dr. Stillman, pastor of the First Baptist 
Church of Boston. At the age of twenty-three 
_he was licensed to preach. After laboring two 
years in the Baptist church at Hartford, Con- 
necticut, as stated supply, he was ordained in 
1798 as pastor of that church, preaching at 
first in "an upper room" or in the old court 
house. At that time he was the only college 
graduate in the Baptist clergy of Connecticut. 
Though his pastoral charge was in Hartford, 
he extended his work to various towns in the 
vicinity, and the First Baptist Church of Upper 
Middletown, now Cromwell, was established 
through his efforts. He was an earnest advo- 



cate of legislation to secure absolute freedom 
of worship and conscience in religion, and aid- 
ed greatly in bringing about the passage of the 
law of 1818 giving all citizens alike civil and 
religious liberty. At the first election of Jeffer- 
son, Mr. Nelson was appointed by the Hart- 
ford Baptist Association to prepare and for- 
ward to him a congratulatory address. In 
1 801 Mr. Nelson resigned his pastorate in 
Hartford and became for a number of years 
the principal of an academy at Mount Pleas- 
ant, now Sing Sing, New York, and at the 
same time had charge of the Baptist church 
just established there. Both the church and 
academy flourished under his care until the 
war of 1812. In 1815 he went to Attleborough, 
Massachusetts, where an extensive revival took 
nlace under his charge and brought into the 
church one hundred and fifty persons. After- 
ward he had charge for a short time, suc- 
cessively, of the Baptist churches at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, and Canton, Connecticut. In 
1825 he removed to Amherst, Massachusetts, 
chiefly for the sake of educational facilities for 
his children, and during his first year there had 
charge of the Baptist church at Belchertown. 
He was accustomed, however, almost to his 
dying day, to preach to feeble and destitute 
churches in the vicinity and elsewhere as he 
had opportunity. He established a monthly 
Sabbath evening concert of prayer throughout 
the different families of his children for the 
ci inversion of their relatives and the custom 
lasted for many years after his death. He ad- 
dressed on his seventy-eighth birthday to each 
of his grandchildren the memorial of a selected 
text of Scripture, accompanied by a word of 
patriarchal counsel. His ruling passion was 
to do some good while life lasted, so that he 
might be a burden neither to himself nor to 
others. He died at Amherst, December 8. 
1853, in the eighty-second year of his age. His 
funeral drew together a great concourse of his 
friends and neighbors, ministers and member.s 
of the church of various denominations. His 
personal appearance has been described by Rob- 
ert Turnbull: "Mr. Nelson was five feet six 
inches in height, erect in his gait, neat in his 
appearance, prompt in his movements and re- 
markably urbane in his manners. When I 
knew him, his hair was silver gray, his eye 
bright and penetrating, and his movements as 
vivacious nearly as those of a young man. 
Brief, pointed, earnest, evangelical, his preach- 
ing was eminently fitted to do good. His 
voice was clear and ringing ; his manner im- 
pressive and dignified, as became an ambassa- 
dor for Christ. His life was simple, serene, 
and especially in his later years heavenly." "He 



NEW en(;laxd. 



545 



seemed," said a near friend and relative, "to 
move among men in the quietness of his own 
reflections, above and aside from the cares and 
conflicts of outward Hfe, at peace with God. at 
peace with men." 

He married, October 15, 1798, Emilia, third 
daughter of Deacon Ephraim Robins, of Hart- 

■ ford. Children: I. William Francis, graduate 
of the Newton Theological Institute, professor 
of Richmond College, Virginia, pastor of the 
Baptist church at Wickford, Rhode Island. 2. 
Ephraim Robins, died in 1831, while tutor at 
Columbian College, Washington, D. C. 3. 

• Emilia D. 4. John Gill, mentioned below. 
! (VII) John Gill, son of Rev. Stephen Smith 
1 Nelson, was born in 1802. He married Eunice 
i Ripley. Among their children was Stuart G.. 
] mentioned below. 

•- (VIII) Stuart G., son of John Gill Nelson, 
! was born at Tarrytown, New York, July 13, 
1 1853. He received his early education in pri- 
; vate and public schools at Orange, New Jersey, 
j and afterward became a clerk in the ofifice of 
■■ Morris K. Jessup, a banker, in New York 
', City, in September, 1873, remaining until 1876, 
' when he accepted a position in the Continental 

■ National Bank of New York City. He had 
! charge of financing the Burlington, Cedar 
I Rapids & Missouri River railroad, now part 
f of the Rock Island system. He organized the 

Seaboard National Bank of New York in 1883 
and became its first cashier. In January, 189 1, 
he was elected to his present office as vice- 
president of this bank. In religion he is an 
Episcopalian, in politics a Republican. He is a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce, Union 
League, Metropolitan, New York Athletic 
clubs and others. 

He married, January 16, 1879, in St. Ann's 
Church (Protestant Episcopal), West Eight- 
eenth street. New York, Anna Cochrane Van 
Home, born in New York City. May 3, 1855, 
daughter of Cornelius and Johanna C. (Mor- 
ton) Van Home. They have one child, Mabel 
Stuart, born December 13, 1 881, married Roger 
Lamson Jr., November 3, 1908. 

John Pearson, immigrant an- 
PE.ARSON cestor, was born in Yorkshire, 

England, and settled early in 
Reading, Massachusetts. Another John Pear- 
son at the same time located at Rowley and it 
is easy to confuse the two men. John Pearson, 
of Reading, was born in 1615. died at Reading 
in 1679, aged sixty- four years. He was pro- 
prietor of the town as early as 1644, and was 
admitted a freeman. May 26. 1647. Even 
earlier he lived at Lynn, Massachusetts, and 
ni 1639 came from that town with the found- 
ers of Reading. He deposed, April 2, 1661, 



that his age was about forty-five years. His 
wife Madeline (sometimes spelled Maudlin) 
deposed in 1679 that she was fifty years old. 
His will was dated April 19, 1679, and proved 
June 25, 1679, bequeathing to wife Madeline, 
son John, daughters Mary Burnap, Bethia Car- 
ter and Sarah Townsend, and servant John 
Lilly. Children, born in Reading : Mary, June 
20, 1643; Bethia, September 15, 1645; Sarah, 
January 20, 1647-48 ; John, mentioned below ; 
Jam.es, November 2, 1652. 

(II) Captain John (2) Pearson, son of 
John ( I ) Pearson, was born in Reading, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 22, 1650, died in 1720. He 
resided in Reading and Lynnfield, whither he 
moved about 1689, but the births of his chil- 
dren are recorded at Lynn. He represented 
Lynn in the general court from 1702 to 
1710. He married (first) Tabitha, daughter 
of Thomas Kendall; (second), at Lynn, Mar- 
tha Goodin, of Boston (intentions dated No- 
vember 13, 1714). Children of first wife: 
James, born November 28, 1680; Tabitha, Oc- 
tober 16, 1681 ; John, born and died in 1682; 
John, born February 17, 1684; Rebecca, April 
12, 1686; Kendall, May 3, 1688; Susanna, Au- 
gust 10, 1690; Mary, November 10. 1692; 
Thomas. November 3, 1694: Ebenezer. men- 
tioned below: Sarah. February 26, 1698-99: 
Abigail, December 30. 1700: Elizabeth, Afay 
4. 1704- 

(III) Ebenezer, son of Captain John (2) 
Pearson, was bom at Lynn or Lynnfield, De- 
cember 29, 1696, died at Bradford, now Grove- 
land, April 18, 1734, aged, according to his 
gravestone, thirty-eight years. He married, 
at Newbury, September ,14, 1721, Hannah 
Moody, of that town, and they settled at Lynn, 
where the births of five children are recorded, 
then removed to Bradford, where he died a 
few years later. She married (second). July 
29, 1735, Joseph Badger, of Haverhill, and by 
her second husband had three children : Enoch 
Badger, settled at Gilmanton, New Hampshire : 
Nathaniel Badger ; Rev. Moses Badger, of 
Providence, Rhode Island. Children of Eben- 
ezer and Hannah Pearson : Hannah, born July 
23, 1722: Moody, March 19, 1724-25; Ruth. 
March 19, 1726-27; Thomas, baptized April 
4, 1 73 1 (perhaps several years old) : Ebenezer, 
December 29, 1731 ; Samuel, mentioned in 
Haverhill history ; Moses, mentioned below\ 

(IV) Moses, son of Ebenezer Pearson, was 
born in 1734 or earlier, probably in Bradford, 
where he settled on his father's homestead. 
He was sergeant in Captain Nathaniel Gage's 
company of Bradford, Colonel James Frye's 
regiment, in the summer of 1775. during the 
revolution. He was a member of the Haver- 
hill Fire Society in 1779. He married there. 



54^' 



XEW EXGI.AXD. 



November 9, 1766, Martha, born July 11, 1745, 
at Bradford, daughter of John and Mehitable 
Goss. Children, recorded as born at Bradford: 
Moses, October 8, 1767; Hittee (Mehitable). 
November 27, 1768; Samuel, mentioned below ; 
Molly, November 21, 1772, died December zj, 
1772; child, died October, 1774; Hannah, mar- 
ried Waldo; John Tappan, baptized 

January 5, 1777, married (first), in 1803, M. P. 
Fowler, (second), in 1819, I. Perrin. 

(V) Samuel, son of Moses Pearson, was 
born at Bradford, March 30, 1770, died at 
Providence, Rhode Island, in 1836. He mar- 
ried ( first) Judith, daughter of Daniel Thrus- 
ton, of Rowley, October 10, 1793; (second) 
L. B. Coy, or Cowee. Children : Luther, born 
September 21, 1794 ; Susanna, 1795, died young ; 
Daniel Chute, April 30, 1798, died soon; Will- 
iam Colman, mentioned below ; Harriet and 
Henry, twins, October 16, 1803 ; Samuel, De- 
cember 4, 1805; Susanna, August 7, 1807: 
Henry Adams, May, 181 1 ; Martha G., Decem- 
ber, 1813. 

(VI) William Colman, son of Samuel Pear- 
son, was born at Providence, Rhode Island, 
April 16, 1801, died in January, 1865. He 
married, in 1826, Mary Earle (see Earle). 
Children : Fanny E. ; William Earle, mention- 
ed below ; Henry Augustus, lived in Jersey 
City, New Jersey. 

(VII) William Earle, son of William Col- 
man Pearson, was born July 6, 1830, died Feb- 
ruary I, 1905. He was a manufacturer of 
lumber and boxes in Jersey City, New Jersey, 
and was in partnership with his wife's father, 
under the firm name of \'anderbeek & Sc^ns. 
The firm conducted a planing mill, lumber yard 
and box factory. He married Susan Ann 
X'anderbeek, of Jersey City. Children : Frank, 
born September 26, 1864; Isaac Vanderbeek. 
mentioned below. 

(VIII) Isaac \^anderbeek, son of William 
Earle Pearson, was born in Jersey City, New 
Jersey, March 7, 1871. He attended Hasbrouck 
Institute of Jersey City, New Jersey, and Ste- 
vens Preparatory School of Hoboken, New 
Jersey. The first four years of his business 
life were in the employ of H. J. Hardenbergh. 
architect, whose offices were at Twenty-third 
street and Fifth avenue. New York City. After- 
ward, until 1905. he was associated in business 
with his father in the manufacture of boxes in 
the firm of \'anderbeek & Sons. Since 1905 
he has been a partner in the firm of Pearson 
& Welch, brokers, of 25 Broad street. New 
^'^rk. I le is a member of the Jersey City 
Club and of the New England Society of New 
York. In religion he is a Presbyterian, and 



in politico 



Rcpu 



He married, November i. 1899, Katherine, 
born May 19, 1879, in Glasgow, Scotland, 
(laughter of John R. MacKenzie, granddaugh- 
ter of George R. MacKenzie. Children: Kath- 
erine M., born November 25, 1904: William 
Farle. January 2, 1908. 



( I ) Ralph Earle, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in 1606, in England, and doubtless mar- 
ried there Joan Savage, born 1594 or 1595. 
He was in Newport, Rhode Island, as early as 
1638, and was one of fifty-nine persons ad- 
mitted, October i, 1638, freemen of the Island 
of Aqueedneck (Newport). He bought and 
sold land frequently for many years in vari- 
ous parts of Rhode Island. In 1655 and 1669 
he served on the grand jury. He was appoint- 
ed to keep a house of entertainment. He join- 
ed a company of horse, August 10, 1667, and 
later was chosen captain. On June 7, 1671, he 
was on a special jury to try two Indians. He 
claimed the lands of the Dutch House of Good 
Hope, now Hartford, Connecticut, and com- 
menced a lawsuit to establish his claim against 
Richard Lord and James Richard, possessors 
of the Dutch land, about 1667. Earle affirmed 
that he purchased the land of L'nderhill in .Au- 
gust, 1653, ^nd paid him twenty pounds ster- 
ling for it, but L'nderhill protested against the 
claim of Earle. It is not improbable that the 
claim w^as well founded. Children : Ralph, 
mentioned below; William, married (first) 

Mary Walker (second) Prudence ; 

Mary, married William Cory ; Martha, mar- 
ried William \\'ood ; Sarah, married Thomas 
Cornell. 

(II) Ralph (2), son of Ralph (i) Earle, 
married, before October 26, 1659, Dorcas, 
daughter of Francis and Lydia Sprague, of 
Duxbury, Massachusetts. He died probably 
in 1716. The first mention of him is in the 
record of a town meeting in Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, when his father is recorded as Ralph 
Earle, Senior. He next appears as witness to 
one of his father's deeds of real estate, Novem- 
ber 24, 1656. He was made freeman. May 11, 
1658. October 26, 1659, he received from his 
father-in-law, Francis Sprague, a half share 
of the latter's land situated within the town of 
Dartmouth, and settled there. He was one of 
those who received the confirmatory deed of 
that town, and was there in 1663. He was a 
large landholder and many of his conveyances 
are on record. Children : John, mentioned be- 
low : Ralph, married Dorcas Dillingham ; Will- 
iam, married Hepsibah Butts ; Joseph, married 
Elizabeth Slocum. 

(III) John, son of Ralph (2) Earle. mar- 



NEW ENGr.AXD. 



547 



ried Alar}', daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Cook) Wilcox, died 1735. He took the oath 
of fidelity in Dartmouth, before March 24, 
1686, but afterwards removed to Tiverton, 
Rhode Island. In October, 1686, he had re- 
ceived from John Sprague, grandson of Fran- 
cis Sprague, the land which the latter had con- 
veyed to his son-in-law, Ralph Earle. John 
Earle died in 1728, and his will was executed 
February 12, 1719. Children: John, born Au- 
gust 7, 1687; Daniel, October 8, 1688; Benja- 
min, mentioned below: Mary, June i, 1693; 
Rebecca, December 17, 1695; Elizabeth, Sep- 
tember 6, 1699. 

(IV) Benjamin, son of John Earle, was 
born Alay 25, 1691. He was a farmer by occu- 
pation and lived in Warwick. He died June 

15, 1770. He married, May 28, 1726, Rebecca, 
born January 8, 1697, died November 17, 1779, 
daughter of' Robert and Sarah Westgate, of 
Warwick, Rhode Island. Children: William, 
mentioned below ; John, born January 27, 1729 ; 
Sarah, February 8, 1731 : Benjamin, Novem- 
ber 25, 1733. 

(V) William, son of Benjamin Earle, was 
born February 12, 1727. He lived in Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, and died December 30, 
1804. He married, December 10, 1752, Alary, 
born January 21, 1733, died August 22, 1800, 
daughter of George Brown, of Dover, Eng- 
land. Children: Alary, born October 11, 1753: 
John, January 27, 1756: William, February 17. 
1758: Benjamin, June 30, 1760: George, De- 
cember 2"], 1762; Sarah, Alarch 11, 1767, died 
October 10, 1768; 01i\er, mentioned below; 
Sarah, July 27, 1772. 

(VI) Oliver, son of William Earle, was 
born June 8, 1770, in Providence. He lived 
on South Maine street. Providence, and bore 
the title of captain. He died July 5, 1824. He 
married (first), December 4, 1799, Fanny Hol- 
royd. He married (second), October 24, 1805. 
Sally W., daughter of Captain Israel and Alercy 
(Waterman) Arnold, and a direct descendant 
of Roger Williams, as follows: Her mother, 
Mercy Waterman, was the daughter of John 
Waterman, who was the son of Benoni Water- 
man, the son of John, the son of Resolved, who 
married Alercy Williams, daughter of Roger 
Williams. Child of first wife: Alary, born 
January 6, 1 801, married William C. Pearson 
(see Pearson VI). Children of second wife: 
Fanny H., born July 8, 1806; William, April 

16, 1808; George, October i, 1809; Sarah W., 
Augtist 31, 1811, died Alay 9, 1813 ; Alarcia A., 
April 12, 1813; Sarah A., November 11, 1814. 
died Augu.st 9, 181 S: Oliver, August 17, 1816, 
died June 26, 1817: Sarah A., April 3. 1818: 
Harriet A., September 28, 1820: Julia. July 21. 
1822. 



The surname Freeman is of 

FREEM.XX ancient English origin. The 

coat-of-arms : Three lozenges, 

1 ir. Crest : A demi-lion rampant gules, holding 

between his paws a like lozenge. Alotto : L'lhcr 

ct Audax. 

(I) Edmund Freeman, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England in 1590, and came in the 
ship "Abigail" in July, 1635, with wife Eliza- 
beth and children Alice. Edmund, Elizabeth, 
John. He settled first in Lynn, Alassachusetts, 
early in 1636. Lewis says in his history of 
Lynn: "This year (1636) many new inhabit- 
ants appear in Lynn and among them worthy 
of note Air. Edmund Freeman, who presented 
to the colony twenty corslets or pieces of plate 
armor." He was subsequently of the Plymouth 
Colony and with nine associates was soon 
recognized by the government as a suitable 
person to originate a new settlement. He was 
admitted a freeman, January 2, 1637, at 
Plymouth, and after being a short time a resi- 
dent of Duxbury, settled in what was incor- 
porated later as the town of Sandwich. Alost 
of the grantees of that town were formerly of 
Lvnn. Freeman had the largest grant and was 
evidently the foremost man in the enterprise. 
He was elected an assistant to the governor 
and commissioner to hear and determine causes 
within the several contiguous townships. He 
was one of the first judges of the select court 
of Plymouth county. During the persecution 
of the Quakers, he opposed the course of the 
government and was once fined ten shillings 
for refusing to aid in the baiting of Friends 
under pretence of the law. "Preeminently re- 
spected, always fixed in principle, and decisive 
in action, nevertheless quiet and unobstrusive, 
a counsellor and leader without ambitious ends 
in view, of uncompromising integrity and of 
sound judgment, the symmetry of his entire 
character furnished an example that is a rich 
legacy to his descendants." He died in 1682 
at the advanced age of ninety-two. His will is 
dated June 21, 1682, and was offered for pro- 
bate. November 2, 1682. He was buried on his 
own land on the hill in the rear of his dwelling 
house at Sandwich. It is the oldest burial 
place in the town. His grave and that of his 
wife are marked by two boulders which he 
himself placed in position after his wife died, 
and they are called from a fancied resemblance 
"the saddle and pillion. ' His home was a mile 
and a quarter west of the town hall and near 
the junction of the old and new county roads 

to the Cape. He married Elizabeth . 

who died February 14, 1675-76. Children: 
.Mice, married Deacon William Paddy ; Eil- 
mund. married Rebecca Prence : Elizabeth, 



S4« 



XEW ENGLAND. 



bom 1625; John, mentioned below: Mary, 
married Edward Perry. 

(II) Major John Freeman, son of Edmund 
Freeman, was born 1627, and hved in Sand- 
wich until after his marriage. December 30, 
1649, when he had deeded to him lands at Skau- 
ton Neck, in Sandwich, and a few years later 
removed to Eastham, Massachusetts. Here he 
is mentioned in records as among the earliest 
settlers, with Governor Prence. He was a 
large landholder there ; in 1676 he bought land 
in West Brewster from the Indians; in 1691 
the town of Eastham conveyed to him two 
islands as security. He was for many years 
prominent in public affairs ; deputy, 1654-62 ; 
selectman, 1663-73: assistant in the govern- 
ment, 1666, and several years, and December 
7. 1692, appointed to the bench of common 
pleas. He was also prominent in military 
affairs, and did service in the Indian wars. For 
many years he was deacon of the Eastham 
church. His wife was Mercy, daughter of 
Governor Prence. She died September 28, 
171 1, aged eighty years. He died October 28, 
1719. Both were buried in the graveyard at 
Eastham. His will was dated June i. 1716, 
and after providing for his family he mention- 
ed his negroes, to whom he gave freedom, with 
"four acres of land, a horse, and a cow," and 
says further in regard to them, "I desire my 
children to put them in such way that they 
may not want." Children : John, born Febru- 
ary 2, 1650, died in infancy; John, December, 
165 1 : Thomas, September, 1653; Patience, 
married, January 31. 1682-83, Lieutenant Sam- 
uel Paine; Hannah, married. April 14, 1681, 
John Mayo ; Edmund, mentioned below ; Mercy, 
July, 1659: William, about 1660; Prince, Feb- 
ruary 3, 1665-66, died young ; Nathaniel, Alarch 
20, 1670-71 ; Bennet, March 7, 1672. 

(III). Lieutenant Edmund (2) Freeman, son 
of Major John Freeman, was born in June, 
1657, died December 10, 171 7. He lived in 
that part of Eastham called Tonset. He was a 
man of distinction, and for many years select- 
man of Eastham. He married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Mayo and Tamzin Bumpkin. 
The latter married (second) Sunder- 
land. Sarah survived her husband, and died 
between March 26, 1736-37, and March 5, 
1745, the dates when her will was made arid 
proved. Letters of administration w^ere grant- 
ed to her and to Isaac, eldest son, February 
25. 1718. Children: Ruth, born about 1680; 
Sarah, married Benjamin Higgins, May 22, 
1 701 ; Mary, married, about 1703, Samuel 
Hinckley: Isaac, married, March 16, 1715-16, 
Bethiah Sturgis ; Ebenezer, mentioned below ; 
Edmund, married (first), .April 22, 1725, Lois 
Paine, ( second ). .Si pifniber 25. 1729, Sarah 



Sparrow ; Experience, married Thomas Gross : 
AIerc\-, married, October 14, 1717, Thomas 
Cobb, of Eastham ; Thankful, married, Octo- 
ber 16, 1718, Jonathan Snow; Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Isaac Pepper ; Hannah, born 1698 ; Rachel, 
married, October 2, 1729, Thomas Gray. 

( IV ) Ebenezer, son of Lieutenant Edmund 
(2) Freeman, settled in that part of Eastham 
since known as Wellfleet. According to tradi- 
tion he was the first of the name to settle there. 
He married Abigail, daughter of David and 
Ann ( Doane) Young, born December 28, 1688, 
in Eastham, died June 12, 1781. He died 
June II, 1760. His eldest son, Ebenezer, ad- 
ministered his father's estate, July i, 1760, and 
in a will, dated Wellfleet, September 12, 1774, 
appointed "my brother Isaac executor," and 
made him his sole heir. Children : Jennette, 
born December 17, 171 1 : Thankful, February 
15, 1714-15: Anna, June 6, 1717; Ebenezer, 
November 30. 1719; Edmund, about 1722; 
Isaac, mentioned below. 

(V) Isaac, son of Ebenezer Freeman, was 
born about 1733, died August 6, 1807. He 
married Thankful Higgins, who died January 
29, 1 82 1, aged eighty-seven. Their graves are 
in the Wellfleet cemetery, along with Ebenezer 
and Abigail Freeman, parents of Isaac. Chil- 
dren: Edmund, born March 2, 1757, at Well- 
fleet ; Isaac, mentioned below ; Ann, Septem- 
ber 6, 1760; Benjamin, October 18, 1762; 
Thankful, November 9, 1766; Jonathan, De- 
cember 30, 1768, died in infancy: Ebenezer, 
October 21, 1773; Jonathan and Thomas 
(twins), December 20, 1779. 

(M) Isaac (2), son of Isaac (i ) Freeman, 
was born October 28, 1758. He married, Oc- 
tober 5, 1782, Hannah Collins, of Truro, Mas- 
sachusetts. Children: Jesse, born July 15. 
1783: David, September 11. 1785; Isaac, men- 
tioned below: Andrew, March 10, 1788; Eben- 
ezer, March 18, 1790; John, March 21, 1792; 
James Collins, February 8, 1794, died Decem- 
ber 22, 1794; James Collins, January 14, 1797. 

(YH) Isaac (3), son of Isaac (2) Freeman, 
was born January 3, 1787, in Wellfleet. He 
married, February 12, 1812,- Patty Green 
Hatch. Children : Isaac, born August 22, 1813. 
died February 28. 1814: Isaac, July 19, 1817; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Martha Green, De- 
cember 22, 1822 ; Alden, August 3, 1825 ; John, 
September 26, 1828 : Jesse. September 24, 1834 : 
Walter, August 6, 1837. 

(YIII) Samuel, son of Isaac (3) Freeman, 
was born October 31, 1819. He married Eliza 
Ann . Children : Timothy Alden, men- 
tioned below; Eliza Ann. born April 10, 1849; 
Nancy Maria, June i, 1853. 

(IN) Timothy Alden, son of Samuel Free- 
man, was born in Wellfleet, February 6, 1847. 





ilyfh A/, ^yt^^CCL^ULA^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



$49 



He married Alary, daughter of and 

Mary (Sheppard) Sparrow. Children: Lev- 
erett Newcomb, born October 29, 1873, mar- 
ried Lucier E. Withermore, children : Richard, 
Sibley and Edward ; Zoheth S., mentioned be- 
low : Eliza Ann, born at Hyannis, February I, 
1878, unmarried ; Edith Sheppard, born at Con- 
cord, 1880, unmarried. 

(X) Zoheth Sparrow, son of Timothy Alden 
Freeman, was born at Hyannis, Massachu- 
setts, December 31, 1875. He attended school 
in Concord, New Hampshire. He started his 
business career as a clerk in a private banking 
house in that town and later came to New 
York to fill a minor position in the Hanover 
National Bank. Returning to Concord he en- 
tered the force of the Mechanics' National 
Bank, filling different positions. Returning 
again to the Hanover National Bank in New 
York, he took up the work of the credit de- 
partment, and in 1906 was elected cashier of 
the Merchants' National Bank of the same city 
and was afterwards made a vice-president and 
director, which positions he resigned in 1908, 
when he was elected a vice-president of the 
Liberty National Bank of New^ York and made 
a director, which positions he holds at the 
present time. He is also a director in several 
other banks in New York, and a member of 
the L^nion League Club. Lawyers' Club, Sons 
of the American Revolution and various coun- 
try clubs. 

He married, in Concord, November 30, 1899, 
Grace Watson, daughter of Rev. Howard F. 
and Laura (Tebbetts) Hill. She was born in 
Ashland, New Hampshire, June 21, 1876, and 
is a granddaughter of John M. Hill, who was 
a son of Lsaac Hill, a contemporary and per- 
sonal friend of Andrew Jackson. Her father. 
Rev. Howard F. Hill (Dartmouth College, 
1854), being an Episcopalian clergyman. Chil- 
dren : Laura, born in New York City, Febru- 
ary 9, 1901. and Mary, born in New York City, 
December s. 1902. 



Millett or Millet is a French 
MILLETT surname of ancient date. The 

name is not common in Eng- 
land. The Millet family was among the most 
respectable inhabitants of Marazion, a town 
about three miles from Penzance, county Corn- 
wall, England, when in its early flourishing 
state, particularly in the time of Queen Eliza- 
beth, in whose reign William Millet was high 
sheriff of the county. Leonard Millet, who 
lived at Marazion in the time of Charles H., 
was the father of Robert Alillet, one of the 
brave but unfortunate naval officers who were 
lost with Sir Cloudesley Shevel on the rocks of 
Scilly, October 22, 1707. Rev. James Millet 



was vicar of the parish of St. John forty-four 
years, and the family is found represented in 
that vicinity in the present generation. But 
two early settlers of this name came to New 
England. Of Richard Millet we know nothing 
except that he was admitted a freeman, June 
II, 1633. He may have been father of Thomas, 
mentioned below. 

(I) Thomas Millett, immigrant ancestor of 
all the early families of this surname in New 
England, was born in England, in 1605. He 
came from England in 1635, in the ship "Eliz- 
abeth," of London, with his wife Mary, and 
son, Thomas Millett, and settled in Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, where he lived for several 
years. In 1655 he went to Gloucester, Massa- 
chusetts, and bought of William Perkins, who 
had been a teaching elder in the church a few 
years, all the property he owned in Gloucester. 
He had the title given only to ministers and 
men of superior birth or station "Mr.," and 
succeeded Perkins as elder in the church. 
Though he was not called a minister, he labor- 
ed in spiritual things, and the court records 
show that he received compensation for his 
work. Before King Philip's war he removed 
to Brookfield, Alassachusetts. He was called 
of Brookfield, June 3, 1675, when he signed 
his consent to the sale of house and land on 
Town Neck, Gloucester, to Francis Norwood. 
He died in 1676. The deposition of Samuel 
Warner, dated March 26, 1676, shows that 
Millett bought land in Brookfield. and had a 
grant from the town. The inventory of the 
estate which he left in his wife's possession, 
amounting to £128 is., was presented to the 
probate court, September 26, 1676, and con- 
tains items of various lands at Gloucester. 

He married Mary, daughter of John Green- 
way, She died June 5, 1682. The father's 
estate was divided September 27, 1682. between 
Thomas. Nathaniel, estate of John deceased, 
sons, and Thomas Riggs and Isaac Elwell, sons- 
in-law, in five equal parts. Thomas was ad- 
mitted freeman of the colony. May 17, 1637. 
Children : Thomas Jr., born 1633, in England : 
John, born in Dorchester. July 8, 1636, died 
1679; Jonathan, born and died in 1638; Mary, 
born August 21, 1640: Mehitable, born March 
14, 1642; Berthia, married, August 3, 1666, 
Moses Ayres (but not mentioned in division 
of estate) ; Nathaniel, mentioned below. 

(II) Nathaniel, son of Thomas Alillett. was 
born in Dorchester, in 1647, died November 
7, 1719. He had a grant of land on the west 
side of the Annisquam river, and probably 
lived there for a time, but later finally settled 
at Kettle Cove, where in 1700 he and his sons 
had land granted them which was not to be 
alienated as long as any of them survived. 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



Xathaniel made his mark in signing papers, 
like many of the second and third generations 
of the colonists. Their time was given to the 
struggle with nature and the savages, to clear- 
ing farms and building their greatest visible 
monuments — the stone walls of New England. 
He married. May 3, 1670, Ann Lyster, who 
died June 5, 1681. Another record gives the 
date of a wife's death as March 9, 1 71 8. aged 
sixty-six. Children, born at Gloucester: Mary, 
June 29, 1671 : Daniel, July 31, 1673, died the 
same day ; Thomas, March 9, 1675 ; Nathaniel, 
March 2, 1677, died January 25, 1682 ; Abigail, 
October 12, 1679; Andrew, July 6, 1681 ; Na- 
than, mentioned below: Nathaniel, July 11. 
1685: Mary, March 26, 1687, died January 12, 
1692; Elizabeth, September 23, 1690: Hannah, 
1694. 

( HI ) Nathan, son of Xathaniel Alillett, was 
born in Golucester, January 11, 1693, ^"^ ^^'^^ 
drowned near Manchester Neck, January 6, 
1724. He married, February 3, 1709, Sarah, 
daughter of Richard Babson. Children, born 
at Gloucester: Sarah, August, 1709: Mary, 
February 28, 171 1 ; Jonathan, mentioned be- 
low ; Daniel, March 25, 1715 ; Anna, 1718 : An- 
drew, 1720: Hannah, April 19, 1722: Xathan 
Jr., May 12, 1724. 

( IV ) Jonathan, son of Nathan Millett, born 
February 8, 1713, married, 1734, ^lary Hen- 
field. Children : Joseph, mentioned below, and 
Jonathan. 

(V) Joseph, son of Jonathan Millett, born 
1737, died in 1797. The Salem Gaccttc, Au- 
gust 18, 1797, in an obituary notice of Joseph 
Millett, says : "He was of a remarkably strong 
and vigorous constitution of body, and united 
those qualities to such an inflexible integrity 
and constancy of heart that he was pitched 
upon by Colonel Pickering, then at the head 
of the army department, as his confidential 
bearer of despatches, which duty he executed 
with such fidelity, courage and perseverance 
that he was soon after called in the same 
capacity by General Washington in behalf of 
the government. Such was the dangerous duty 
( when the southern states were infested by the 
'Cow Boys') that he rode. with his despatches 
fastened to the muzzle of his pistol that he 
might be able to destroy them and defend him- 
self at the same discharge." He married, 1767, 
Elizabeth Bullock. Children : Josepli, IMary, 
-Anna, Stephen, Jonathan, Andrew, Benjamin. 
Betsey, Daniel, mentioned below. 

(\T) Daniel, son of Joseph Millett, born 
May 15, 1785, died July 26, 1853. He mar- 
ried. May 25, 1807, Elizabeth Cafdwell. Chil- 
dren : Elizabeth, born 1809: Stephen Caldwell, 
mentioned below: .\nna Maria. 1815: Daniel 
Caldwell, 1817: l^benezcr Caldwell, "1820. 



(\1I) Rev. Stephen Caldwell Millett, son 
of Daniel Millett, was born May 20, 1810, in 
Salem, Massachusetts, died May 26, 1867. He 
graduated at Amherst College, 1830, and was 
ordained to the Protestant Episcopal priest- 
hood by Bishops Riker and Griswold. He set- 
tled at Cape Elizabeth, Maine ; Stafiford, New 
York, and finally at Beliot, Wisconsin, where 
he built the present Stone Church, and a murual 
tablet is there erected to his memory. He mar- 
ried. May 6, 1833, Sarah Fuller, daughter of 
General James and Sara (Fuller) Appleton, 
of Manlius, New York. Children : James 
Appleton, born May 10, 1834; Henry Lyman, 
died 1837; John Henry Hobart, born 1838, 
died December 5, 1872 ; Stephen Caldwell, jVIay 
8, 1840, died February 24, 1874 ; Francis .Apple- 
ton, March 6, 1844, died January 3, 1868 : Dan- 
iel Caldwell, July 31, 1846, died July 11, 1908; 
Sarah Appleton, August 10, 1849, died Novem- 
ber 17, 1891 : Elizabeth, died 1855: Charles 
Osgood, born July 28, 1856. 

(VHI) Stephen Caldwell {2), son of Rev. 
Stephen Caldwell (i) Millett, was born May 
8, 1840, in Jamestown, New York. When the 
civil war broke out, Mr. Millett was an officer 
in the Seventy-first Regiment of New York, 
and promptly enlisted in defense of the Union, 
continuing in the army until stricken with 
fever. After the war he went to Beaufort, 
South Carolina, and was actively interested in 
the construction of the Port Royal railroad up 
to the time of his death. He married, Decem- 
ber 16, 1869, Mary Emma, daughter of D. 
Alonso and Mary (Goodrich) Child. He died 
February 24, 1874, at Columbia, South Caro- 
lina. Children : Mary Goodrich, born Decem- 
ber 5, 1870: Kate Child, September 13, 1872, 
married John Breckenridge Gibson, November 
14. 1901 ; Stephen Caldwell, mentioned below. 

( IX) Stephen Caldwell (3), son of Stejihen 
Caldwell (2) Millett, was born December 7, 
1873, in Beaufort, South Carolina. He attend- 
ed the Dearborn Morgan School, at Orange, 
New Jersey, and at the age of fourteen left to 
begin his business career in a banking house. 
In 1903 he organized the banking firm of Mil- 
lett, Roe & Hagen, of which he is the senior 
partner. The firm has offices at 33 Wall street. 
New York City, and stands high in the world 
of finance. He is president and director of 
the Exchange Buiifet Corporation, director of 
the Mutual Milk & Cream Company, and di- 
rector of Merchants' Fire Assurance Corpora- 
tion of New York. He resides at Irvington- 
on-the-Hudson, New York. He is a member 
of the Riding Club, the .Automobile Club, Rail- 
road Club, and City Midday Club of New 
York ; also the .\rdsley Club of Ardsley-on- 
the-Hudson and Sleepy Hollow Country Club 



NEW ENGLAND. 



551 



of Scarborough. New York. In politics he is 
a Repubhcan, in reHgion an Episcopalian, and 
is vestryman and treasurer of St. Barnabas 
Church, Irvington-on-the-Hudson. He mar- 
ried Thalia, daughter of Robert Estling and 
Ada (Peter) Westcott, February 10, 1902. 
Children: Thalia Westcott, born February 9, 
1906; Stephen Caldwell, April 7, 1907; Eliza- 
beth, October 12, 1909. 



Richard Montague, immi- 
AlONTAGl'E grant ancestor, was the son 

of Peter and Eleanor (Al- 
len ) Montague, grandson of William, great- 
grandson of Robert and great-great-grandson 
of William Montague, whose will was proved 
March 21, 1550. He was born about 1614, at 
Boveny-on-Thames, Burnham parish, Bucking- 
hamshire, England, where at least four genera- 
tions of his ancestors had lived. He was at 
Wells, Maine, in 1646, but removed that same 
year to Boston. In 1651 he again removed to 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, and in 1659 was one 
of the founders of Hadley, Massachusetts. 
The house which he built in the latter town 
remained in the family until 1830, when it was 
removed. He was a baker by trade, and on 
one occasion was impressed to bake bread for 
the soldiers, when Hadley was attacked by 
Indians. He married, probably in England, 
Abigail, daughter of Rev. Dr. Downing, of 
Norwich, England. She died November 8. 
1694. He died December 14, 1681. In 1789 
Major Richard Montague, a great-grandson of 
his, visited the old homestead at Hadley and 
found there papers and letters which threw 
much light upon the early history of the fam- 
ily, also a miniature of Richard the immigrant, 
which was painted in England, and is still pre- 
served by the family. Children : Mary, born 
about 1642, in Wells, Maine: Sarah, June 15, 
1646, died June 19, 1646, in Boston : Martha, 
June 16, 1647, in Boston: Peter, July 8, 1651. 
probably in Wethersfield; Abigail, 1653, in 
\\'ethersfield ; John, mentioned below. 

(II) John, son of Richard Montague, was 
born in 1655 or 1656, in Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut. He married, March 23, 1681, Han- 
nah, daughter of Chileab Smith. She died in 
1694. He died about 1732. Children: John, 
born December 31, 1681 : Richard, March 16, 
1684; Hannah, August 8, 1687, f^'^fl Novem- 
ber, 1688: Hann'ah, March 21, 1689, died April 
19, 1689: Peter May, 1690: William. Decem- 
ber i6, 1692: Samuel, mentioned below: Han- 
nah, May 28. 1697: Luke, October 4. 1699: 
Nathaniel, October 6, 1704. 

(III) Samuel, son of John Montague, was 
born .\pril 2, 1695. He was one of the forty 



settlers of Sunderland, Massachusetts. His 
home lot, No. 14, remainetl in the possession 
of descendants for one hundred and eighty- 
five years. He was a man of character and 
influence. He was deacon of the church, cap- 
tain of the military company, and was also a 
member of that ecclesiastical council held in 
Northampton, in 1650, which resulted in the 
dismissal of Rev. Jonathan Edwards. He mar- 
ried (first), January 24, 1718, Elizabeth, died 
October 15, 1753, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth ( Savage ) White. He married (sec- 
ond), June 13, 1754, Mary, daughter of Joseph 
Root and widow of Jonathan Billings. She 
died December 17, 1798. He died January 31, 
1779. According to his gravestone he died 
January 31, 1789, which the compiler of the 
Montague genealogy says is erroneous. Qiil- 
dren : Samuel, born June 30, 1720 ; John. Janu- 
ary 10, 1723; Daniel, January 13, 1725; Giles, 
January 20, 1727, died October 30, 1732: Rich- 
ard. May 7, 1729: Caleb, mentioned below: 
Giles, December 16, 1733, died September 10, 
1734: Elizabeth, September 18, 1735, died Sep- 
tember 17, 1743; Nathaniel, February 13, 1739, 
killed at the siege of Fort William Henry, Au- 
gust 7, 1757: Ebenezer. ( )ctol)cr 1, 1741, died 
September 26, 1743. 

( I\') Captain Caleb Montague, son of Sam- 
uel Montague, was born July 27, 1 73 1, died 
November 11, 1782. He was a revolutionary 
soldier, and is supposed to have contracted 
disease during his service which led to a some- 
what early death. His commission as captain 
is preserved by descendants. He was a man 
of influence in his native town, and held all the 
important civil and military offices. He was 
elected tn the office of deacon, which he de- 
clined. He lived on his father's homestead. 
He married. October 30, 1751, Eunice, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Root. She died December 9. 
1804. Children : John, mentioned below ; Eunice, 
born September 14, 1754; David. March 3. 
1737: Irene, March 6, 1759. 

( \' ) John (2), son of Captain Caleb Mon- 
tague, was born August 12, 1752, died Novem- 
ber 7, 1832. He served his town in many offi- 
cial capacities : town clerk for thirty-two con- 
secutive years, selectman, assessor and treas- 
urer. He was for twenty-seven years deacon, 
and for many years teacher of the town school. 
He was instrumental in establishing a social 
library. He succeeded to his father's home- 
stead, but spent the last years of his life with 
his son John. He married. October 8. 1777, 
Abigail, daughter of Captain Israel Hubbard. 
She died March 12. 1796. Children: Belinda, 
born November 11. 1778: Caleb, mentioned be- 
low: .\bigail. September 21, 1783: Fanny, Jul\- 



NEW EXCLAND. 



29, 1786; Eunice, March 10, 1789; Alary, July 
31, 1791 ; Sally, December 8, 1793; John, 
March 6, 1796. 

(VI) Caleb (2), son of John (2) Montague, 
was born February 7, 1781, died October 28, 
1825. He married, March 27, 1809, Martha, 
daughter of Eleazer Warner, born in Green- 
field, Massachusetts, or that vicinity. After 
his death his widow removed to Lenox, Pitts- 
field, and later to Baltimore, Maryland, where 
she lived with her daughter. She died March 
13, 1876, and was buried in Sunderland. Chil- 
dren : Harley, born July 24, 1810; Juliette, 
March 12, 1812; Fanny, August 21, 1817, died 
February 26, 1818; Charles, mentioned iDelow ; 
James, March 20, 1822, died September 20, 
1823; Fanny Eliza, August 29, 1824. 

(VII) Charles, son of Caleb (2) Montague, 
was bom April 9, 1819, in Sunderland, died 
there, Novanber 27, 1885. He learned the 
trade of printer in the ofifice of J. S. and C. 
Adams, at Amherst, and settled in 1838 in 
Lenox, where he published the Massachusetts 
Eagle, at that time the organ of the Whig 
party in Berkshire county. After a few years 
he removed the office of the paper to Pittsfield, 
and in 1854 removed to Hartford, and lived 
afterward in Brooklyn, New York, Fairhaven, 
Boston and other cities. He was engaged in 
the manufacture and sale of printing presses 
and paper cutting machines of his own inven- 
tion. He married (first), November 21, 1840, 
Harriet, daughter of Cephas Blodgett, of Am- 
herst. She died March 15, 1848. He married 
(second), September 18, 1849, Elizabeth Dan- 
forth, daughter of Thomas Danforth Board- 
man, of Hartford. He married (third) Julia 
Bidwell, of East Hartford. Children : Charles 
Watts Lynde, born March 12, 1842: Juliet 
Cooke, September 12, 1844; Elizabeth Board- 
man, June 16, 1851 ; Frank Lewis, mentioned 
below ; Alice, September 7, 1856, died May, 
1858; William Bidwell, February 24, 1866; 
Fanny Stockbridge, October 6, 1867 ; John 
Herbert, March 16, 1870. 

(VIII) Frank Lewis, son of Charles Mon- 
tague, was born October 3, 1854. After at- 
tending school in Hartford, Connecticut, Brook- 
lyn, New York, Fairhaven and Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, he learned the trade of printer. 
Subsequently he was employed in the machine 
shop of a printing press manufacturing con- 
cern, making his father's presses. In 1885 he 
established himself in business as partner in 
the firm of Montague & Fuller, agents for the 
manufacturers of all kinds of printing and 
book-binding machinery. At the World's Fair, 
Chicago, in 1893, this firm had one of the finest 
exhibits in this line of trade. He is now sell- 
ing agent of the Miehle Printing Press and 



Manufacturing Company, 38 Park Row, New 
York City. He is a member of the Sons of 
the American Revolution and is eligible to the 
Society of the Cincinnati, founded by Wash- 
ington, being the eldest son in direct succession 
from an officer of the revolutionary army, 
Caleb Montague, mentioned above. He is 
also a member of the Union League Club, the 
Ardsley Club, the New England Society of 
New York, and president of the Fulton Club 
of New York. In politics he is an independent 
Republican ; in religion of the Episcopal de- 
nomination. 

He married, April 15, 1887, in New York 
City, Virginia Helena, born in Brooklyn, New 
York, September 15, 1861, daughter of A. J. 
Johnson, publisher of "Johnson's Encyclo- 
pedia." Children : Richard Johnson, born in 
New York City, November 4, 1888; Warner 
Johnson, born at Rutland, Vermont, Septem- 
ber 15, 1893: Danforth Johnson, born in Rut- j 
land. May 25, 1895. 



Samuel Marble, immigrant an- 
MARBLE cestor, was of English ancestry. 
There were several early pio- 
neers of this family. The spelling varies from 
Mirable, Marrable and Marable to Marble, the 
universal spelling of later generations. There 
was in lioston early a John Marble and by his 
wife Judith he had a son John, born Novem- 
ber 10, 1646; another pioneer, William Marble. 
of Charlestown, was here as early as 1642 ; he 
went to England in 1656 and probably did not 
return to New England. Joseph Marble, pre- 
sumed to be a brother of Samuel and thought 
by some to be a son of Nicholas Marble, who 
was in Gloucester, as early as 1658, settled near 
Samuel in .\ndover, [Massachusetts, and later 
at Stow. 

Samuel Marble was a bricklayer by trade. 
Joseph had the same trade. Samuel took the 
freeman's oath at Andover. He was a widow- 
er when he married, November 26, 1675, Re- 
becca Andrews, of Andover. The dates and 
order of birth of his children are not known. 
Their names are: Samuel, born 1660; Enoch: 
Freegrace, mentioned below ; Noah, settled in 
.\ndover ; Daniel ; Job and Rebecca, twins, 
born 1695. 

(II) Freegrace, son of Samuel Marble, was 
born in Andover, about i68o,»died in Sutton, 
September 30, 1775, and his grave is in the 
present town of Northbridge. According to 
the same records, however, his birth is given 
as June 15, 1682. He was among the first 
settlers of Sutton, Worcester county, Massa- 
chusetts, and his marriage is said to have been 
the first in the town, but is not on record. He 
married Mary Sibley. Like his father he was 



NEW ENGr.AXn. 



553 



a iiiason by trade and is saitl to have been em- 
ployed in building the state house, on Wash- 
ington and State streets, Boston. He was on 
a committee in 1 741 to enlarge the capacity of 
the Sutton meeting house ; also on the com- 
mittee in 1718 to erect the first meeting house 
and in 1725 on the committee in charge of the 
school lot. In 1728 he was on a committee to 
treat with Rev. David Hall to supply the pul- 
pit. His homestead was that lately occupied 
by Rufus Harback. Children: Mary, born 
April 4, 1721 : Samuel, mentioned below; 
Enoch, November 25, 1726; Rebecca. March 
10, 1729; Malachi, September 25, 1736. 

(HI) Samuel (2), son of Freegrace Marble, 
was born April 27, 1723, at Sutton. He mar- 
ried (intention dated July 2},, 1743) Patience 
Gale. Children, born at Sutton : Samuel, Au- 
gust 25, 1745: Molly, April 18, 1747; Beth, 
March 26, 1749; Marcus, July 31, 1751, died 
in Springfield ; Stephen, mentioned below : 
Joel, November 10, 1754: Jesse. June 25, 1756: 
"Solomon, April 14, 1758; Rebecca. November 
20. 1759. A child of Samuel was baptized at 
Sutton, October 3, 1762, possibly one of those 
mentioned. 

(IV) Lieutenant Stephen Marble, son of 
Samuel (2) Marble, was born at Sutton, i-\pril 
17, 1753, died there, December 13, 1817 (grave- 
stone record). He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion from Sutton, a private in Captain Andrew 
Eliot's company. Colonel Larned's regiment 
on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775; also 
in Captain Bartholomew Woodbury's company, 
Colonel Jonathan Holman's regiment in Rliode 
Island, in 1776; also in Captain John Howard's 
company, Colonel Jonathan Holman's regiment 
in the northern army at the surrender of Bur- 
goyne in 1778 ; also in Captain Jonathan Wood- 
bury's company Colonel Jacob Gavis' regi- 
ment in Rhode Island in 1780. He was a sad- 
dler and harnessmaker by trade and a promi- 
nent citizen. He built a large house in Sutton 
in 1806, and a picture of it is given in the Sut- 
ton History (p. 250). His farm was that 
granted first to John Burdeen. 

He married, at Sutton, November 14, 1776, 
Betty Putnam, born 1758. died at Sutton, De- 
cember 21, 1812, aged fifty-four, according to 
her gravestone. She was a daughter of Na- 
than Putnam, granddaughter of Isaac Putnam, 
who was the son of Edward and grandson of 
Thomas Putnam, the pioneer in Essex county, 
Massachusetts. The Putnam family has been 
very prominent in Sutton and vicinity. Chil- 
dren of Stephen and Betty Marble, born at 
Sutton : Nathan, mentioned below ; Betsey, 
born January 20, 1780; Polly, September 10. 
1781 : Palmer, September 20, 1784, succeeded 
his father on the homestead : Charlotte. Decem- 



ber 7, 1786; Samuel, December 3, 1788, went 
to Nova Scotia ; Stephen, died November 2, 
1806; Nancy, died young of lockjaw. 

(\') Nathan, son of Lieutenant Stephen 
Marble, was born at Sutton, June 29, 1778. 
He removed from Sutton to Bethel, Maine, 
and followed his trade of harnessmaker and 
saddler in that town. He was captain of the 
militia company at Bear's Corner; in 1808 he 
was a town officer of Bethel. He married Me- 
hitable Freeland, a sister of the wife of Dr. 
Timothy Carter, of Bethel, and a daughter of 
Dr. James Freeland, of Sutton,. a surgeon in 
the revolutionary army. She married (second) 
Elijah Burbank. Children of Nathan and Me- 
hitable Marble, all but the eldest born in Bethel. 
Maine, which was part of Massachusetts until 
1820: I. James Putnam, born at Sutton, No- 
vember 25, 1800, died November 26, 1825. 2. 
Stephen Miller, December 25, 1802 ; married 
Bonney. 3. Palmer Merrill, Novem- 
ber 12, 1805. died December 11, 1807. 4. Na- 
than Merrill, March 8, 1808; married Nancy 
Ann Chase. 5. Mehitable Mellen, May 9, 1810; 
married Judge Joseph G. Cole, of Paris. 6. 
Freeland, mentioned below. 7. Elizabeth Bur- 
bank, July 24. 181 5 ; married Hiram Hubbard. 
8. Franklin, born at Brunswick, October 27, 
1818; married Maria L. Cole. 9. Jarvis Carter, 
May 22. 1821 ; married IMary Hubbard. 10. 
Nancy Jenette, August 22, 1824. 11. James 
Rawson, May 8, 1827, killed in an explosion of 
a powder mill. 

(VI) Freeland. son of Nathan Marble, was 
born at Sutton, November 14, 1812, died in 
Boston. August 13, 1858. He was educated in 
the public schools. He became a successful 
merchant at Portland, Maine. He married 
Eliza, daughter of Cyrus and Polly (Bridge- 
man) Clark, of Minot, Maine. The Clark fam- 
ily is of English ancestry, coming early to 
Connecticut and removing thence in a later 
generation to Maine, about 1820. Mr. Marble 
and his family came to Boston in 1848. Chil- 
dren : I. Cyrus Clark, mentioned below. 2. 
Ellen Eliza, born 1844; resides at Poland 
Springs, Maine. 3. Amanda, born in Boston, 
1850; married Fitzroy Kelley, of Frankfort. 
Maine ; now member of the firm of Silas Pierce 
& Company, grocers. Boston ; children : Edith, 
Carrie Gushing. Gladys. Nathan Spalding Kel- 
ley. 

(VII) Cyrus Clark, son of Freeland Mar- 
ble, was born in Turner, Maine, April 23, 183^1. 
When a young lad he came with his father's 
family to Boston and was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of that city. At the age of sixteen 
he became a clerk in a dry goods concern in 
Boston, and in i860 engaged in business on his 
own account as a partner of the firm of Marble, 



o4 



\'EW ex(;lani). 



Tucker & Company. Three years later his 
health failed and he was advised to try a 
change of climate. With others on a similar 
mission he went west to Colorado; the way 
was beset with hardships and dangers, and the 
party fought its way through the Indians and 
crossed what was then known as the Great 
American Desert. At Denver he was restored 
to health and strength and he engaged in min- 
ing there. He took out, in 1867, the first brick 
of silver ever taken out of the mines in Colo- 
rado and worked his own mine for silver. 
Afterward he was a merchant and broker in 
Denver. His was the first firm west of the 
Mississippi river to establish a wholesale busi- 
ness in canned goods. He remained in Colo- 
rado for fifteen years. In 1880 he went abroad 
and visited nearly every country in Europe. 
Hon. Hannibal Hamlin, formerly vice-presi- 
dent of the United States and a personal friend 
of Mr. Marble, was then United States minis- 
ter to Spain. In Italy they were traveling com- 
panions. Mr. Hamlin taught school in Maine 
and Mr. Marble's father was a pupil of his. 
After two years spent in travel abroad, Mr. 
Marble returned to this country and devoted 
his attention to real estate investments in New 
York City. He built the Hotel Endicott, at 
Eighty-first and Eighty-second streets. New 
York. His ofiice is at No. 29 Broadway, New 
York. He has never married. In politics he 
is an independent Democrat. He is a member 
of the New England Society of New York and 
of the West End Society, and was formerly a 
member of the Manhattan and other clubs of 
New York Citv. 



The Seymour family is of 
SEYMOUR great antiquity in England. A 

"Bishop's Bible," 1584, now 
in the possession of Morris W. Seymour, a 
descendant of Richard Seymour, has on one of 
the flyleaves a drawing of the arms of the Sey- 
mours of Bury Pomeroy. A great Bible men- 
tioned in the inventory of John Seymour, of 
Hartford, 171 3, is undoubtedly the same. 

(I| Richard Seymour, immigrant ancestor, 
came from Devon, England, in 1639, to Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, and was one of those set- 
tlers who received land "by Courtesie of the 
town" ; his home lot was on the east side of 
the road to the Cow Pasture (North Main 
street) and was bounded on the north by the 
Cow Pasture itself. He was chosen chimney 
viewer in 1647 ; was with Roger Ludlow one of 
the signers of the agreement for the planting 
of Norwalk, June 19, 1630, and was among 
the first planters. He was elected "towns- 
man" or selectman to succeed Thomas Eitch, 



who was elected governor of the colony in 
Norwalk in 1655. He died in 1655 and his 
will is dated July 29, proved October, 1655. 
The inventory, dated October 10, 1655, amount- 
ed to two hundred and twenty-five pounds 
nine shillings. His widow married, November 
-5' 1655, Hon. John Steele, of Farmington. 
Children : Thomas, born in England ; John, 
mentioned below; Zachary, 1642, in Hartford; 
Richard, in Hartford. 

(11) 'John, son of Richard Seymour, was 
born in Hartford, and doubtless went to Farm- 
ington with his mother after her marriage to 
John Steele, but in 1664 he was again in Hart- 
ford. He married not long after, Mary, daugh- 
ter of John and Margaret Watson, of Hart- 
ford. He was made freeman in 1667. He and 
his wife owned the covenant in the Second or 
South Church, February 12, 1670, when the 
church was organized, and were admitted to 
full communion, March 31, 1678. He was 
"leather sealer" in 1673 ; "chimney viewer" in 
1695. He died in 171 3 ; his will was dated De- 
cember 10, 1712, and proved August 3, 1713. 
Children : John, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
born March 12, 1668-69: Mary, baptized No- 
vember 20, 1670; Zachary, born December 22, 
1672, died young; ]Margaret, January 17, 1674; 
Richard, February 11, 1676-77; Jonathan, Jan- 
uary 10, 1678-79, died young: Nathaniel, No- 
vember 6, 1680, died young ; Zachary, Janu- 
ary ID, 1684-85. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) Seymour, 
was born June 12, 1666, in Hartford. He 
owned a large estate and gave to several of his 
sons farms in New Hartford. He was mod- 
erator of the meeting of the first proprietors of 
that town, held at Hartford, December, 1723. 
He died May 17, 1748, and his remains were 
interred in the old burying ground of the Cen- 
ter Church. Hartford. He married, Decem- 
ber 19. 1683, Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Rob- 
ert and Susannah (Treat) Webster, and grand- 
daughter of Governor John Webster, governor 
of the colony of Connecticut, 1639-50. Her 
mother was a daughter of Governor Robert 
Treat, one of the patentees to whom King 
Charles II. granted the charter of the colony 
in 1(362. Children: John, born at Hartford, 
December 25, i(594; Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Tim- 
othy. Zebulon, Susanna, Daniel, Moses, men- 
tioned below ; Margaret. Jonathan. Richard. 

(IV) Moses, son of John (2) Seymour, 
was born at Hartford, February 17, 171011, 
died there September 24, 1795. He married 
Rachel Goodwin, March 12, 1738, who died 
there, July 24, 1763. Children, born at Hart- 
ford: Sarah, February 26, 1740; Aloses, men- 
tioned below; Rachel, December 17, 1744; 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



555 



Dorothy. October 13. 1746: Aaron, May 4, 
1749: Eunice, August 7, 1751 ; Samuel, Janu- 
ary 21, 1754; Catharine. August 29, 1756. 

(V) Moses (2), son of Moses (i) Sey- 
mour, was born at Hartford, July 23, 1742. 
He settled at Litchfield, and died there, Sep- 
tember 17, 1826. He was an officer in the 
revolution, and was in the northern army at 
the battle of Burn's Heights and at the sur- 
render of Burgoyne. He was high sherifT of 
Eitchfield county and it was to his custody that 
(Governor Mathews was intrusted when the 
latter was confined in Litchfield during the 
revolution. He married, November 27. 1771, 
Molly Marsh, daughter of Colonel Ebenezer 
Marsh, who was also chief justice of the coun- 
ty court: she died in 1826. Children, born at 
Litchfield: Clarissa, August 3, 1772, died Sep- 
tember 6, 1865: Moses, June 30, 1774; Ozias. 
mentioned below: Horatio. May 31. 1778; 
Henry, May 30. 1780; Epaphroditus. July 8, 

1783- 

(VI) Ozias. son of Moses (2) Seymour, 
was born in Litchfield, July 8. 1776. died there 
June, 1851. He was educated in the district 
schools, and was a pioneer manufacturer of 
hats. He also conducted a farm. He was 
sheriff of Litchfield county for several terms. 
The house he built there in 1807 is now occu- 
pied by his grandson, the Hon. Morris Wood- 
ruff Seymour. He married Selina, daughter 
of Captain Daniel Storrs, of Mansfield, Con- 
necticut. Children, born at Litchfield : Origen 
Storrs, mentioned below : Henrietta Sophronia. 
October 25, 1806: Amelia Selina, October 2^. 
1809; Maria, March 8, 1813. 

(VH) Origen Storrs, sqn of Ozias Sey- 
mour, was born at Litchfield, February 9, 
1804. died August 12, 1882. He graduated 
from Yale College in 1824. graduated at the 
Litchfield Law School, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1826. He began immediately to practice 
in Litchfield, and continued for more than half 
a century. He was a Democrat in politics, 
was elected to various town offices, and often 
represented the town in the general assembly 
of which he was a speaker in 1850. He was 
elected to congress in 1851 and reelected in 
1853. J" 1855 1^^ was elected one of the judges 
of the superior court and was on the bench for 
eight years. In 1864-65 he was the Demo- 
cratic nominee for governor of the state. In 
1870 he was elected judge of the supreme court 
of errors and appeals of the state of Connecti- 
cut, and in 1873 became chief justice, an office 
he filled until he retired in 1874. upon reaching 
the constitutional age limit. Often after his 
retirement he was employed as referee in im- 
portant cases. The new practice code, adopted 
by the legislature in 1879, was prepared by a 



commission over which he presided. In the last 
year of his life he was elected unanimously to 
the legislature from his native town, a sig- 
nificant tribute of the respect and honor in 
which he was held by everyone. He received 
the honorary degree of LL. D. from Trinity 
College in 1866 and from Yale in 1873. Late 
in life he served on a commission that settled 
the boundary between New York state and 
Connecticut. The series of brilliant lectures 
delivered by him before the Yale Law School 
and members of the New Haven bar in ad- 
vocacy of the adoption of the revised civil prac- 
tice had much to do with its final adoption. In 
religion he was an Episcopalian, and he was a 
devout church niember, being elected for many 
years a delegate from Connecticut to the gen- 
eral convention of the Episcopal church. Al- 
though prominent in church and political af- 
fairs, he is remembered chiefly as a lawyer of 
remarkable ability. His style of oratory was 
simple and persuasive, and those who heard 
him speak were convinced in spite of them- 
selves, as he always gave a clear idea of estab- 
lished facts. 

He married Lucy M. Woodruff, born July 
I, 1804, daughter of Major-General Morris 
and Candace (Catlin) Woodruff, of Litchfield. 
Children : Edward Woodruff, born August 30, 
1832, representative from Connecticut to con- 
gress for several terms, and judge of the su- 
perior and supreme courts of error of the state 
of Connecticut ; the Rev. Storrs Ozias, D. D., 
January 24, 1836; Maria, October 27, 1838: 
Morris Woodruff, mentioned below. 

fVTII) Morris Woodruff, son of Origen 
Storrs Sevmour, was born at Litchfield. Octo- 
ber 6. 1842. 

He was a member of the class of 1866 at 
Yale, and a graduate of Columbia Law School 
in 1868. He began to practice in Bridgeport, 
Connecticut, and was successively elected city 
clerk, city attorney and corporation counsel. 
In 1881-82 he was state senator, and was judge 
of the city court of Bridgeport from 1882 to 
1884. He was chiefly instrumental in estab- 
lishing the state board of pardons, of which he 
has been for many years a valued member and 
its president. He has been a lecturer on law 
in Yale University and has given especial atten- 
tion to admiralty and patent cases in the high- 
est courts. He is now living at Litchfield, in 
the old family homestead. He is the vice- 
president of the Society of the Cincinnati of 
the state of Connecticut, and at one time was 
secretary. He also is a member of the Military 
Order of Foreign Wars. He is president of 
the Connecticut Reformatory .Association, vice- 
president of the Connecticut State Charities 
.Associates, trustee of the Middletown Indus- 



556 



NEW E.\(;LAXn. 



trial School of the Hotchkiss School. He mar- 
ried, September 15, 1865, Charlotte, daughter 
of William E. and Margaret (Craney) San- 
ford. She was born Jvme 16, 1844. Child: 
Origen Storrs, mentioned below. 

(IX) Origen Storrs (2), son of Morris 
Woodruff Seymour, was born April 19, 1872. He 
attended the public schools of Bridgeport and 
the Hopkins grammar school of New Haven. 
Connecticut, and completed his preparation for 
college at Phillips Academy, Andover, Massa- 
chusetts. He entered Yale University in 1890 
and was graduated in the class of 1894 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and graduated 
from the Yale Law School in 1896 with the 
degree of LL. B., and after a post-graduate 
course received the degree of Master of Laws 
in 1897. He was admitted to the bar in Litch- 
field, Connecticut, in 1896, and to the New 
York bar the year following, and since then 
has been engaged in the practice of law in New- 
York City. For two years he had an office at 
New Haven, Connecticut. In 1899 he became 
a partner in the law firm of Taylor & Seymour. 
New York City, and in 1905 he entered the 
firm of Huntington, Rhinelander & Seymour, 
and has continued to the present time a partner 
in this firm. His home is at Lawrence, Long 
Island, and he has held various offices of trust 
in that town. In politics he is a Democrat. He 
is a vestryman of St. John's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church at Far Rockaway, Long Island. 
He is a member of the University Club of New- 
York, the Union Club, the Down Town Club, 
the Society of the War of 1812, and the Mili- 
tary Order of Foreign Wars. 

He married, October 25, 1899, Frances Bol- 
ton, born September 7, 1871, daughter of Dan- 
iel Lord, of New York City. Children : Silvia 
Lord, born October 4, 1900; Lucy Morris. 
June I. 1902, died in infancy: Morris Wood- 
ruff, June t8, 1905: Frances Lord, December 
II. 1907. 



William Wilgus, whose progeni- 
WILGUS tors came from England in the 
early part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, was born in Sussex county. New Jersey, 
August 20, 1755. He served in the revolution, 
was wounded at the battle of Monmouth, and 
died at Lansingburg, New York, April 13, 
1817. His wife, Rhode (Herring) Wilgus, 
was born in Monmouth county, New Jersey, 
August 19, 1760, died at Buffalo, New York, 
May 27, 1834. 

(II) Alfred Waldo, son of William Wilgus. 
was born February 24, 1796, at Lansingburg, 
New- York, where his parents settled after 
leaving New Jersey. He married, April 12, 



1817, Lavinia, daughter of John G. Wheelock 
( see Wheelock VII ). He removed to Buffalo, 
New York, in 1828, where he was a publisher 
and bookseller, and died there, November 11, 
1862. Children : William John, born 1819, died 
1853, artist, honorary member of the National 
Academy of Design : Harriet, Charles, Jane, 
Lewis. Friend Humphrey, Jairus, Frank Au- 
gustus, mentioned below ; Esther, Janet, Al- 
fred. Nathaniel. 

( III ) Frank ^Augustus, son of Alfred Waldo 
Wilgus, was born at Buffalo, New York, Octo- 
ber 22, 1837, died August 22, 1909. He mar- 
ried, March 21, 1861, Margaret Ann Wood- 
cock, Ixirn at Brooklyn, New York, February 
10, 1841, daughter of Frederick Woodcock, 
born in England, October 17, 1808, died at 
Buffalo, New York", November 27, 1892, son 
of James and Sarah (Swann) Woodcock, and 
grandson of James and Elizabeth (Amson) 
Woodcock, of Manchester, England, and of 
Margaret (Fitch) Woodcock (see Fitch VII). 
Children: i. Frederick, died young. 2. Helen, 
died young. 3. William John, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Eliza Fitch, died young. 5. Leonard 
Waldo, born April 30, 1869; circulation man- 
ager Buffalo Express. Buffalo, New York. 6. 
Sidney Dean, born February 16, 1872; M. D., 
L^niversity of Buffalo ; superintendent State 
Hospital, Elgin, Illinois. 7. Herbert Sedgwick, 
born March 24. 1874; C. E., Cornell Univer- 
sity; engineer maintenance of way, Pittsburgh, 
Shawmut & Northern railroad, Angelica, New 
York. 8. Frank Augustus Jr., born March 10, 
1877; designer; American Beet Sugar Com- 
pany. Rocky Ford, Colorado. 

(I\") William John, son of Frank Augustus 
Wilgus, was born at Buffalo, New York, No- 
vember 20, 1865. He attended the public 
schools of his native city, and was graduated 
from the Buffalo central high school, receiving 
an academic diploma from the University of 
the State of New York in 1883. He then took 
a special course of two years under a civil 
engineer in private practice at Buft'alo, New 
York, and in 1885 began to work at his pro- 
fession in St. Paul, Minnesota. From 1885 to 
1890 he was successively rodman, draftsman, 
resident engineer, and division engineer on the 
Minnesota & Northwestern railroad, now the 
Chicago Great Western railway. From 1890 
to 1893 li^ ^^'^s locating engineer of the Duluth 
& Winnipeg railroad, the Duluth & Iron Range 
railroad extension across the Mesabe Range, 
and resident engineer in charge of the construc- 
tion of the Chicago Union Transfer railroad ; 
also spending about six months studying elec- 
trical apparatus w-ith the Thomson-Houston 
Company at Chicago, Illinois ; from 1893 to 



NEW ENGr.AXD. 



1907 he was with the New York Central & 
Hudson River railroad, successively as assist- 
ant engineer of the Rome, Watertown & 
Odgensburg division ; chief engineer of the 
Terminal railway of Buffalo ; resident engineer 
of the Eastern division; chief assistant engi- 
neer; engineer of maintenance of way; chief 
engineer in charge of construction and main- 
tenance of way ; vice-president in general charge 
of construction, including new extensions, the 
change of motive power from steam to elec- 
tricity, the reconstruction of the Grand Central 
terminal, and other important improvements 
in the neighborhood of New York and else- 
where. He was chairman of the electric trac- 
tion commission of this company ; chairman of 
the advisory board of engineers for the con- 
struction of the double track tunnel under the 
Detroit river at Detroit, Michigan, connecting 
the Alichigan Central railroad and the Cana- 
dian Southern railway. He was chairman of 
the Union Station committee on the project for 
a Union Station at Buffalo, New York. 

His inventions include the under-contact type 
of third rail, first used on the New Y'ork Cen- 
tral ( in collaboration with Frank J. Sprague) : 
the method of tunnel construction first employ- 
ed at Detroit (collaboration with H. A. Car- 
son) ; and the electric automatic train stop, 
first used at Detroit. 

In addition to the responsible duties con- 
nected with the development of the great New 
"^'ork Central system, and his subsequent pri- 
vate practice as a civil engineer, he has written 
reports and contributed papers to various tech- 
nical societies. For the paper on electrifying 
the suburban zone of the New York Central 
he was awarded the Thomas Fitch Rowland 
prize by the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers ; and for the paper on the Detroit tunnel 
he was awarded the Telford Gold Medal by 
the Institution of Civil Engineers of Great 
Britain. He is a member and past director of 
the American Society of Civil Engineers, the 
American Railway Engineering and Mainte- 
nance of Way Association, the American Rail- 
way Guild, the St. Paul Society of Civil Engi- 
neers, the Institution of Civil Engineers of 
Great Britain (London), the New England 
Society of New York, the Chamber of Com- 
merce of New York, the Sons of the American 
Revolution, the Century and Railroad clubs of 
New York. His home is at Scarsdale, New- 
York, and ofiice at 165 Broadway, New York. 

He married, March i, 1892, May Reed, born 
May 6, 1864, daughter of John and Marie 
(Cox) Reed, of Avon, New York. Children: 
Margaret Fitch, born in St. Paul, Minnesota, 
December 12, 1892 : William John Jr., Septem- 
ber II, 1898. at Dobbs Ferry, New York. 



(The Fitch Line). 

(I) Thomas Fitch, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England, and settled at Norwalk, Con- 
necticut, where he was in 1663 "its wealthiest 
citizen," dying there in 1704. He was one of 
the five sons of Thomas Fitch, of Braintree, 
England, born 1590, died 1632, who came to 
New England with their mother about 1638. 
He married Anna Stacey, November 18, 1632. 
Children : Thomas, whose great-grandson was 
colonial governor of Connecticut; John, men- 
tioned below ; Mary, Ann, Sarah, Samuel. 

(II) John, son of Thomas Fitch, was born 
at Norwalk, Connecticut. He married Re- 
becca, daughter of Henry Lindall, December 3, 
1674. Children: John, mentioned below; Re- 
becca, born 1679 ; Nathaniel, 1682 ; Mary. 

(HI) John (2), son of John (i) Fitch, was 
born at Norwalk, September 29, 1677. He 
married daughter of Deacon Francis and 
Hannah (Seymour) Bushnell. Children: Mat- 
thew, Theophilus, Bushnell, mentioned below : 
Rebecca, Lydia, John. 

(IV) Bushnell, son of John (2) Fitch, mar- 
ried Abigail Reed, November 12, 1754, and 
had a son Stephen, mentioned below. 

(V) Stephen, son of Bushnell Fitch, was 
born April 12, 1767, died August 26, 1849. O" 
June 3, 1784, he married Charlotte Selleck, 
born in Middlesex (Darien) Connecticut, Oc- 
tober 15, 1762. died in Noroton, Connecticut, 
in 1848. She was the daughter of Gershom 
Selleck. fourth in descent from David and 
Susanna (Kibbey) Selleck, of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and Puella (Gorham) Selleck, born 
1730, great-granddaughter of John Gorham, 
captain of the Second Company of the Plym- 
outh forces in King Philip's war, and wife De- 
sire, whose parents, John and Elizabeth (Til- 
ley) Howland, and grandfather, John Tilley, 
came over from England in the ship "May- 
flower," in 1620. Puella (Gorham) Selleck 
through her grandmother, Puella (Hussey) 
Gorham, was descended from Captain Christo- 
pher Hussey, the founder of Hampton, New 
Hampshire, and his wife Theodate, daughter 
of Rev. Stephen Batchelder. Children : Abi- 
gail, Chauncey, Francis Bushnell. mentioned 
below ; William, Benjamin. 

(\"I) Francis Bushnell. son of Stephen Fitch, 
was born at New Canaan, Connecticut, Decem- 
ber 30, 1793, died April 5. 1872. On August 
29, 1818, he married Eliza Whetten Dean, born 
at Albany, New York, 1796, daughter of Cap- 
tain Stewart Dean, a noted mariner of Albany, 
conmianfler of the privateer "Beaver" during 
the revolution, and one of the commissioners 
for conspiracies at Albany, 1781-83, and of 
Margaret (Whetten) Dean, daughter of Cap- 
tain William Whetten, of New York City, and 



558 



NEW ENGLAND. 



wife Margaret, daughter of Adam and Sarah 
(Cox) Todd. Children: Charlotte, Margaret, 
mentioned below : Eliza. Francis. Eliza Jane, 
Sarah. 

(VII) Margaret, daughter of Francis Bush- 
nell Fitch, was born in New York City, Sep- 
tember 23, 1 82 1. She married Frederick Wood- 
cock, March 28, 1840 (see Wilgus). She is 
still living (191 1) at Buffalo, New York, at 
the age of ninety, in good health and in pos- 
session of all her faculties. 



(I) Rev. Ralph Wheelock. immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in Shropshire, England, in 
1600. He was educated at Clare Hall, Cam- 
bridge University, England, where he received 
his B. A. in 1626, and his M. A. in 1631. He 
became an eminent preacher in England, but 
because of his non-conformist views he was 
prosecuted, and finally in 1637 sought refuge 
with his Puritan fellows in New England. He 
was at Watertown for a short time, but located 
permanently in Dedham, Massachusetts. He 
brought with him from England his wife and 
daughter, both named Rebecca. In the biog- 
raphy of his great-grandson, Rev. Ebenezer 
^^'heelock, who founded Dartmouth College, 
we are told that the ship was driven back once 
by storms and that the voyage was long and 
distressing. He was one of the founders of 
the town and church of Dedham. learned, de- 
vout, unselfish, practical, indefatigable. In 
1638 he made his home in that part of Dedham 
that was set off as Medfield. He was admitted 
a freeman, March 13, 1638-39; was selectman, 
schoolmaster, deputy to the general court, com- 
missioner to end small causes, appointed mag- 
istrate to perform marriages while at Dedham, 
and was equally prominent in the new town of 
Medfield. He' built his house at Medfield in 
1651-52. He was made clerk of writs in 1642 ; 
was selectman of Medfield, 1651-55; school 
teacher and justice of the peace. He made his 
will. May 3, 1681 ; the inventory was dated 
January 31, 1683, and the will proved May i, 
1684. He bequeathed to his eldest son Ger- 
shom and other sons ' Benjamin, Eleazer and 
Samuel ; sons-in-law Increase Ward and Jo- 
seph Warren ; grandchild Rebecca Craft ; re- 
fers in his will to his deceased wife, and ap- 
points George Barbour one of the overseers of 
his will. His wife died in 1680. Two of his 
sons, Benjamin and Eleazer, settled in Men- 
don, Massachusetts. Rev. Mr. Wheelock de- 
clined to take charge of any particular parish, 
but preached occasionally in Medfield and ad- 
jacent parishes. His last years were spent in 
teaching and farming. 

Rev. Louis Hicks, of New Haven, wrote in 



1899: "It is highly probable that he was a 
descendant of Hugh de Wheelock, who in the 
reign of Henry II. received from Roger Maine 
Warring a title to all the latter's claim to the 
village of Wheelock, Cheshire, England, which 
he had previously held. It is also probable 
that he was a relative of Abraham Wheelock, 
a native of Shropshire, who took the degree 
of A. M. at Cambridge University in 1618, and 
was admitted to Clare Hall as a fellow about 
the same time as Ralph Wheelock entered the 
same college and who later on became the first 
professor of Arabic and Saxon tongues in the 
L'niversity and became librarian." 

Children of Ralph Wheelock : Rebecca, born 
in England, about 1632; Peregrina, about 1636, 
on the voyage ; Gershom, mentioned below ; 
Mary, 1638; Benjamin, January 8, 1639-40; 
Samuel, September 22, 1642; Record, Decem- 
ber 15, 1643; Eleazer, father of Ralph, who 
settled at Windham, Connecticut, and whose 
son. Rev. Dr. Eleazer Wheelock, was the 
founder and first president of Dartmouth Col- 
lege ; E.xperience, 1648. 

( II ) Gershom, son of Rev. Ralph Wheelock, 
was born in 1636, died in 1684. He must have 
been of age in 1657, when his name appeared 
in the minister's rate. He settled in ^Iedfield. 
He married Hannah Stoddard (Stodder), 
daughter of John Stoddard, of Hingham, in 
1658. In 1663 he was granted "liberty to cut 
two hundred cedar plank in the common 
swamp," His house stood on Harbor Island 
road, a short distance southwest of the house 
now or lately owned by Charles Hamant. In 
1674 he was paid for ringing the meeting house 
bell and caring for the building, two pounds 
fifteen shillings, and next year the records 
show that he assisted in thatching the house. 
His dwelling was burned by the Indians in 1676 
in King Philip's war, and during the raid thir- 
ty-two houses were destroyed,, twelve of the 
English killed and three mortally wounded. 
He built another house on the same site. In 
1690 his heirs sold the house to Joseph Plymp- 
ton. Children: Hannah, born 1659, died young; 
Samuel, 1660, died young; Hannah, 1661 ; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; John, born 1670, 
died 1684 ; Joseph, settled in Lancaster ; Timo- 
thy, born 1673, died in Medway. 

(III) Deacon Samuel Wheelock. son of 
Gershom Wheelock, was born in Medfield, Jan- 
uary 21, 1664, died .\pril 8. 1756. He married 
Lydia, daughter of Henry and Eliza (Moore) 
Rice, and granddaughter of Edmund Rice, of 
Sudbury. Massachusetts, born in England, in 
1594. She was admitted to the church in 
Shrew.sbury in 1724. He went from Medfield 
to Marlborough and thence to Shrewsbury as 
early as 1720. He was one of the founders of 



NEW EXGr.AND. 



559 



the town of Shrewsbury and first deacon of 
the church. He hved on lot 26 in 1720. Chil- 
dren : Gershom, mentioned below : Samuel, 
born May 14, 1696: Martha, April 13, 1698; 
Elizabeth, April 10, 1700: Hannah, January 
2;^, 1701 : Taniar, March 2, 1703-04; Mary, 
June 5, 1706; Daniel, August 10, 1708; Lois. 
"December 25, 17 10; Rachel, November 26, 

( IV ) Captain Gershom ( 2 ) W'heelock, son 
of Deacon Samuel Wheelock, was born at 
Medfield, in 1693. He was the first of the 
family to locate in the town of Shrew.sbury, 
and is believed to be the first in the town. He 
built a house there between Joseph Nurse's and 
Daniel Maynard's, on the same side of the 
street, and spent the first winter there alone. 
We are told that he was cheerful in his soli- 
tude, and that he used to sleep in the loft of 
his log house, drawing up the ladder at night 
and "whistling a tune in the morning before 
leaving his bed." His father being the owner 
of land was accounted the first settler. His 
house was burned, and he removed to lot 26, 
which he received by deed from his father in 
1720. He was one of the first appointed ser- 
geants in the military company when first 
organized in Shrewsbury, and was afterwanis 
ensign, lieutenant and in 1742 commissioned 
captain in the regiment commanded by Colonel 
Nahum Ward. Children, born at Shrewsbury ; 
Abigail, January 23, 1721 ; Patience, February 
13, 1723 ; David, September 14, 1724; Gershom, 
March 8, 1726; Jonathan, mentioned Iielow : 
Gideon, March 5, 1729, died young; Grace, 
July 7, 1730, died young. 

fV) Jonathan, son of Captain Gershom (2) 
\\'heelock, was born at Shrewsbury, Septem- 
ber 18, 1727. He removed to Petersborough, 
New Hampshire, in 1775, where he was later 
during the revolution a member of the "Com- 
mittee of Public Safety." Afterwards he re- 
moved to Cavendish, Vermont. His son of the 
same name was in the revolution from Peters- 
borough. He and his wife joined the church 
at Shrewsbury, in 1757. He married, June 20, 
1753, Anna, daughter of John and Anna (Glea- 
son ) Drury. Children, born at Shrew.sbury: 
Jonathan. February 25, 1754; Anna, March 
2,S. ^75*^: Zerviah, February 12, 1758; Eben- 
ezer, June 4, 1760; Jotham, August 26, 1763, 
graduate of Dartmouth ; Joseph Drury, No- 
vember 3, 1770; John Gleason. mentioned be- 
low. 

(VJ) John Gleason, son of Jonathan Whee- 
lock, was born at Shrewsbury, February 10, 
1774. He removed to New Hampshire, thence 
to Cavendish, \'ermont, from which he w?s 
representative in 1806; and later to Bowmans- 
ville, New York, where he was a prominent 



citizen. He married Lavinia Clark, of Wethers- 
field, Vermont, December 3, 1795. She was 
born at Lebanon, Connecticut, February 13, 
1777. daughter of Deacon Gershom Clark, born 
at Lebanon, Connecticut, April 29, 1753, a de- 
scendant of Lieutenant William Clark, of 
Northampton, Massachusetts, and a soldier of 
the revolution, wounded at the battle of Bunker 
Hill, died at Wethersfield, February 3, 1813, 
and of Levina Wright, born at Lebanon, Con- 
necticut, June 10, 1753, died May 14, 1840, a 
descendant of Deacon Samuel Wright, of 
Northampton, Massachusetts. Children : La- 
vinia, mentione<l below ; John, Jotham, .\zubah, 
Jesse, Robert I'pton, Eunice, Maria, Clarissa, 
.\lmira, Charlotte, Laura. 

(VIL) Lavinia, daughter of John Gleason 
Wheelock, was born .it Cavendish, Vermont, 
December 15, 1797. She married at Albany, 
New York, April 12, 1817, Alfred Waldo Wil- 
gus (see Wilgus H). She died at West Seneca, 
near Buflfalo, New "N^ork, February 24. 1878. 



The Emerson family, which 

EMERSOX has been prominent in New 
England since its first settle- 
ment, <iriginated in England and numbers 
auKjng its members many distinguished and 
able men. The first to use the name Emerson 
in England was Johannes Emery.son, of Brance- 
peth parish, Durham county, who was born be- 
fore 1300. From him the various branches of 
the English family are descended, though the 
line cannot be traced perfectly. The coat-of- 
arms was borne by the American branches of 
the family as well as by the English. 

Ci) Thomas Emerson was born some time 
before 1540 in England. He was a resident of 
Great Dunmow. county Essex, where his three 
children are registered. He w-as probably son 
of Ralf of Foxton, who received arms in 1535. 
Children : Robert, mentioned below ; Joan, bap- 
tized T562; John, baptized 1565. 

(U) Robert, son of Thomas Emerson, was 
born at Great Dunmow, and baptized there, 
October 25, 1561. He may be identified with 
Robert Emerson, of Bishop's Stortford, who 
married there, November 4, 1578, Susan Crabb, 
who was buried there November 20, 1626, aged 
seventy years. Robert Emerson was buried 
at Bishop's Stortford, January 6, 1620. Chil- 
dren : AHce, baptized at Bishop's Stortford, 
November 22, 1579; Margaret, baptized Feb- 
ruary 21, 1581-82; Thomas, mentioned below: 
.\nne ; Robert, baptized .A.pril 12, 1596; John. 

(IH) Thomas (2) Emerson, the immigrant 
to ."Vmcrica, was son of Robert Emerson, bap- 
tized at Bishop's Stortford, July 26, 1584. In 
the church wardens" book of St. Michael's hr 
is recorded as a collector for the poor in 1636, 



560 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



the year probably that lie came to America. 
He married, at Bishop's Stortford, July i, 
161 1, Elizabeth Brewster, and the genealogist 
of the English Emersons suggest that she was 
the daughter of the postmaster of Scrooby, the 
elder of the colony at Plymouth in New Eng- 
land. 

Thomas Emerson was in Ipswich as early as 
1638, when his name appears on the list of 
proprietors of that town, and he was selectman 
in 1648. Late in life he conveyed to his son 
John for a yearly rental during the lives of 
himself and wife Elizabeth the homestead on 
which he lived, making many stipulations of 
interest. He died at Ipswich, May i, 1666. 
His will is dated May 31, 1653, codicil dated 
January 4. 1660. proved May 10, 1666, nam- 
ing his wife Elizabeth as executrix and be- 
queathing also to sons Joseph, John and Na- 
thaniel, to daughters Elizabeth Fuller and 
Susan Emerson ; to son James, "if he shall 
come over to this country" and to wife Eliza- 
beth. Children, all baptized in St. Michael's 
Church, Bishop's Stortford, dates as follows : 
Robert, May 24, 1612; Benjamin, October 2, 
1614: Ralfe, October 19, 161 5, killed June, 
1626, by falling tree : James. February 16, 
1617, never emigrated: Joseph, mentioned be- 
low : Elizabeth, June 14, 1623, married John 
Fuller: John. February 26, 1625, died Decem- 
ber 2, 1700, settled in Gloucester. Massachu- 
setts : Thomas, died before 1653 : Nathaniel, 
July 18, 16^0, settled in Ijiswich : Susan, March 
"17.1632. 

(IV) Joseph, son of Thomas (2) Emerson, 
was born in England in 1620, baptized June 
25, 1620, died at Concord, Massachusetts. Jan- 
uary 3, 1689. Through his son Joseph he was 
the ancestor of that most illustrious American. 
Ralph Waldo Emerson; Ralph Waldo (9). 
WiUiam (8), Joseph (7), Edward (6), Joseph 
(5). Joseph Emerson was a Puritan minister. 
said to have been educated in England. He 
may have studied at Harvard. He was at Ips- 
wich as early as 1638. He was admitted a free- 
man there. December 19. 1648. He preached 
at York. Maine, the same year. In 1653 'i^ 
was a resident of Wells and took the freeman's 
oath there, July 4, 1653. He signed a petition 
to Cromwell, while of Wells, asking the Pro- 
tector to confirm the jurisdiction of Massachu- 
setts over the inhabitants of Wells. About 
T664 he left Wells, where he seems to have had 
a turbulent lot of parishioners, and where the 
church, after his departure, had to disband. 
About 1664 he became minister at Milton. 
Massachusetts. December i. 1669. he settled 
in Mendon, Massachusetts, where he remained 
until the town was destroyed by the Indians, 
when he retired to Concord, where he died. 



He married (first), in 1646, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Margaret Woodmansey. 
Her father, Robert W^oodmansey, was a school- 
master of Boston. They lived at Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, York, Maine, and Milton, Mas- 
achusetts. He married (second), December 
7, 1665, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Edward 
Bulkeley, of Concord, and granddaughter of 
Rev. Peter Bulkeley, first minister of Concord. 
She was born 1638, died September 4, 1693. 
She married (second) Captain John Brown, of 
Reading, Massachusetts. Children of first 
wife: Joseph; James. Children of second 
wife : Lucyan, October 2, 1667 ; Edward, men- 
tioned below ; Peter, 1673 ; Ebenezer, died 
1751 : Daniel, married. May 19, 1709, Jane 
Armitage. 

(V) Edward, son of Joseph Emerson, was 
born April 26, 1670, died at Maiden, May 9, 
1743. He was the schoolmaster at Chelmsford 
before 1700 and was living in Charlestown, 
1705-13. In 1703 he was surveyor of high- 
ways in Chelmsford. In 1727 he was a mer- 
chant living in Newbury, Massachusetts, and 
August 3, 1728, was dismissed from the Chelms- 
ford to the Newbury church, then the Third 
Church of Newbury, now the First Church of 
Newburyport. He was chosen deacon of the 
latter church, November 4, 1728, and was a 
man of influence and devout character. He 
owned land in Chelmsford in his own right, 
perhaps inherited from his grandfather, Peter 
Bulkeley, of Concord. He had a grant of land 
in the former town, April, 1699. He died May 
9, 1743, and was buried in Maiden, where his 
gravestone is still standing. He married, Jan- 
uary 27, 1697, at Chelmsford, Rebecca, born 
September 24, 1662, died April 23, 1752 or 
1753, aged according to the record, ninety 
years, daughter of Cornelius and Rebecca 
(Adams) Waldo, of Chelmsford. Her father 
was an early settler in Chelmsford, in 1657, 
and died there in 1701. Children, born in 
Chelmsford: Joseph, April 20, 1700; Eliza- 
beth, April 19, 1701 ; Edward, May 8, 1702; 
Hannah, April 26, 1704, died February 2, 
1705 : John, mentioned below. 

(VI) Rev. John Emerson, son of Edward 
Emerson, was born at Chelmsford, February 
27, 1706-07, died at Topsfield, Massachusetts, 
July II, 1774. He was a minister graduated 
from Harvard, 1726, ordained the same year, 
and settled at Topsfield, November 27, 1728, 
where he remained for forty-six years. He 
married, October 23, 1729, Elizabeth Pratt, 
born at Maiden, 1708, died at Topsfield, April 
I, 1790. Qiildren : Elizabeth, born September 
14, 1730; John, December 20, 1731 ; Rebecca, 
February 24, 1733 : Thomas, mentioned below ; 
Mary, October 27, 1736; Edward, July 13, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



561 



1738; Dorcas, March 5, 1740; Abigail, Decem- 
ber 18, 1741 ; Hannah, May 19, 1745 ; Dorothy, 
October 15, 1746; Joseph, December 14, 1747, 
died January, 1748 ; Joseph, September 4, 1750 ; 
Ebenezer, 1752; Cornelius Waldo', baptized 
June 10, 1753, died August 7, 1753; Sarah, 
baptized March 12, 1758, died May 21, 1759. 

(VII) Lieutenant Thomas (3) Emerson, 
son of Rev. John Emerson, was born at Tops- 
field, January 8, 1734-35, died there. May 9, 
1813. He settled in Topsfield, and served as 
selectman there, 1780, and representative to 
the general court, 1789. He was a lieutenant 
in Captain Clough's regiment at the siege of 
Louisburg, Cape Breton, 1758, under General 
Amherst. He married, March 15, 1765, Lydia, 
daughter of Jonathan and Lydia (Tyler) Por- 
ter, of Wenham. Children : Billy, mentioned 
below: Thomas, baptized September 18, 1768; 
John, baptized July 28, 1770; Joseph, ba]5tized 
January 14, 1776. 

(VHI) Billy, son of Lieutenant Thomas 
( 3 ) Emerson, was born at Topsfield, August 
1 . 1765, died there, October 29, 1835. He lived 
at Topsfield, where he was a merchant and a 
dealer in real estate. He married, March 8, 
1790, Ruth, born March 8, 1767, died October 
22, 1842, daughter of Samuel and Ruth (Lamp- 
son) Bradstreet. Children: Lydia Porter, 
born October 31, 1792; Ruth Bradstreet, June 
27^. 1796; Thomas Porter, mentioned below: 
FJiza Pratt, June 7, 1807. 

(IX) Thomas Porter, son of Billy Emer- 
son, was born at Topsfield, April 21, 1803, died 
^larch 30, 1878. He was a merchant by occu- 
pation and lived at Topsfield. He married 
(first), November i, 1830^ Caroline A., born in 
Rowley, died at Topsfield, August 30, 183 1, 
daughter of Samuel Bradstreet. of Rowley, 
Massachusetts. He married (second), March 
26, 1836, Sarah, born at Topsfield, November 
5, 1815, died August 31, 1851, daughter of 
Richard and Sarah Phillips, of Topsfield. Qiil- 
dren of second wife : John Walter, mentioned 
below; Ruth Eliza, September 25, 1839, died 
March 2. 1888, married, June 16, 1868, Benja- 
min Jacobs, of Lebanon, Ohio, and had Anna 
E., who married Ralph Hood, and lives at 
F^)radford, Massachusetts; Harriet Jane, April 
22, 1843. 

(X) John \\'alter, son of Thomas Porter 
Emerson, was born at Topsfield, June 15, 
1837. He was educated in the public schools 
of his native town, and after completing his 
education became a clerk in the dry goods store 
of an uncle in Boston. Afterward he became 
a woolen merchant in Boston and New York 
City, and after a long, successful and honor- 
able career he retired from active business in 
1907 and since then has made his home in New 



York City. He is a member of the Sons of the 
Revolution, of the New England Society of 
New York, the New York Yacht Club, and the 
National Geographical Society. In politics he 
is a Republican. He is a communicant and 
junior warden of St. Ignatius Protestant Epis- 
copal Church of New York City. 

He married, September, 1880, Mary R. Hall, 
born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1854. They 
had one child, Francis Juillaird, born Decem- 
ber, 1882, died in 1884. 



The name of Estes or Este is de- 
ESTES rived from a colony, planted in the 

seventh century of Rome, about 
fifteen miles to the south of the city of Padua, 
and called by them Ateste or Este, which last 
name the marquises of Liguria assumed in the 
beginning of the fourteenth century. The name 
is more commonly written Estes, which is the 
plural form. Through the fortunes of war one 
of the sons went to France, and thence to 
England, and became the founder of the Eng- 
lish family of Estes. A portrait of Francesco, 
natural son of Marquis Leonello, went to Bur- 
gundy and afterward to England, is in the pos- 
session of the widow of Rev. D. G. Estes, of 
Amesbury, Massachusetts. Robert Este, of 
London, who died July 2. 1606, is supposed to 
be the progenitor of the immigrant ancestor of 
the American family. 

( II ) Matthew Estes, son of Robert and Dor- 
othy Estes, of Dover, England, was born May 
28, 1645. fl'ed July 9, 1723. He was the immi- 
grant ancestor. He was a master mariner and 
a Quaker, and came to New England before 
1676, when he was at Dover, New Hampshire. 
On May 25, 1682, he bought of Jonathan 
Price, of Salem, Massachusetts, a house, shops 
and land. At this time Matthew Estes was 
living at Portsmouth, and doubtless removed 
to Salem. He owned land on Great Island, 
Portsmouth, where he lived for a time. He 
was master of the sloop "Unity" of Boston, 
Daniel Zachary, owner, in 1697-98, a square- 
sterned vessel of about forty tons burden. In 
1704 he was one of a committee with his 
brother Richard authorized by the Society of 
Friends "to speak to Daniel Zachary to know 
the charges he had been about the prisoners." 
On February 20, 1695, hebought of his brother, 
Richard Estes, of Lynn, land in Lynn. In 
1703 he bought more land there and was liv- 
ing in Lynn. June 25, 1706, he bought land 
in Salem of Robert Kitchen and built a second 
house. His will was dated June 4, 1723, proved 
July 8 following, and shows that he had much 
land and property. He marrietl, June 14, 1676, 
Philadelphia (Jenkins) Hayes, bom in Dover, 
New Hampshire, January, 1645, died at Lynn, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



December 23, 1721, daughter of Reginald and 
Ann Jenkins and widow of Edward Hayes, 
late of Kittery, Maine. Children : Sarah, born 
April lo, 1677. died January 28, 1682; Phila- 
delphia, July 9, 1679; Hannah, October 24, 
1681, died September 30, 1683; John, Septem- 
ber 6, 1682-83, died same day ; John, men- 
tioned below ; Richard, September 2-j, 1686, 
died before 1723. 

( HI) John, son of Matthew Estes, was born 
at Dover or Portsmouth, New Hampshire, July 
14, 1684, died at Lynn, Massachusetts, Septem- 
ber 29, 1723. He removed with his father to 
Salem and thence to Lynn, where he inherited 
all his father's property. He was a Quaker 
and a yeoman. Administration was granted to 
his widow Hannah, October 28, 1723. The 
inventory of his estate amounted to three hun- 
dred and seventy-nine pounds. He married, 
February 15, 1705-06, Hannah, born at Lynn, 
February 2, 1685, died May 14, 1762, daugh- 
ter of William Jr. and Sarah (Hood) Bassett. 
Children: Abijah, born February 23, 1706-07; 
Philadelphia, March 20, 1708-09; John, Feb- 
ruary 26, 171 1 ; Richard, mentioned below; 
William, August 23, 1718; Hannah, November 
13, 1719: Matthew. September 7, 1720. 

( IV) Richard, son of John Estes. was born 
May 29, 171 5. He owned land in Cumberland, 
Rhode Island, Bellingham and Mendon, Mas- 
sachusetts, and lived in the first named town. 
He married, August 5, 1778, Hannah Aldrich, 
of U.xbridge, Massachusetts. Children : Zac- 
cheus ; John, married Hannah Walling ; Sam- 
uel, married Elizabeth Inman ; Stephen, mar- 
ried Phebe Darling; Richard, mentioned be- 
low; Abijah, married Elizabeth Battles; Han- 
nah, married, November 30, 1761, Jonathan 
Gaskill ; Mary, married, July 12, 1770, Joseph 

; Hulda, married, February 20, 1774, 

Timothy Mahoney, of Smithfield. 

(V) Dr. Richard (2) Estes, son of Richard 
( I ) Estes, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island. He settled in Huntington, Vermont, 
and was called yeoman by occupation. He was 
a soldier in the revolution, private in Captain 
Amos Whipple's company, Cumberland, Rhode 
Island militia. He married Rebecca Hill. Sep- 
tember 9, 1805, he and his wife Rebecca, being 
then of Cumberland, Rhode Island, deeded 
land in Mendon to William Burke, of Smith- 
field, Rhode Island. Children : Richard, Dian- 
tha. Altha, Benjamin Hall, mentioned below ; 
Rebecca. 

(VI) Benjamin Hall, son of Dr. Richard 
(2) Estes, was born in Keene, New York, Jan- 
uary I, 1796. He married, November 17, 181 7. 
Esther, daughter of Dudley and Esther Higley, 
of Richmond, \ermont. He served in the war 
of 1812, and his widow was a pensioner ( 1887) . 



Children: Ro.xanna, born November 9, 1818, 
Huntington, Vermont; Eliza, March 28, 1820, 
Huntington, died May 28, 1820; Emeline, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1822, Chester, New York; Benjamin 
W., November 8, 1825, Chester; Ransom H., 
February 27, 1826, Middleboro, Vermont ; 
Elihu B., mentioned below ; Norman F., De- 
cember 23, 1 83 1, Chesterfield, Essex county, 
New York ; Louisa, December 22, 1833, Port 
Kent, New York; Cyrus H., May, 1836, Keese- 
ville, New York. 

(\'II) Elihu Beech, son of Benjamin Hall 
Estes, was born at Fairfax, Vermont, Janu- 
ary 22), 1828. died November 30, 1899. He re- 
moved to New York City, and became a manu- 
facturer, founding the firm of E. B. Estes & 
Sons of that city. He married Hannah Smith, 
daughter of Isaac and Hester ( Bates ) Meeker, 
of New York. Children: Baijamin Franklin, 
Annie Charlotte, Webster Cummings, mention- 
ed below ; Carrie Louisa, Minnie Alvoretta, 
Sadie Esther. 

(\TII) Webster Cummings, son of Elihu 
Beech Estes, was born at Port Kent, New- 
York, October 19, 1855. He was educated in 
the public and private schools in northern New 
York, where his parents lived during his youth. 
.\fter completing his education he became asso- 
ciated with his father in the manufacture of 
turned-wooden goods and was awarded medals 
at the Philadelphia, Chicago and Paris expo- 
sitions. The business was incorporated in 1890, 
Mr. Estes becoming treasurer and director of 
the company which was called E. B. Estes & 
Sons (Incorporated). The business was estab- 
lished by his father in 1847 ^n<^l h^s always 
prospered. The New York office is at 74 War- 
ren street, and the Tiome of I\Ir. Estes is at 
67 Riverside Drive, New York. He is a mem- 
ber of the New England Society of New York, 
the LInion League Club of New York, the 
Chamber of Commerce of New York, the Soci- 
ety of Colonial Wars, the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion of New York, the Society of the War of 
181 2, the Society of American Wars, the Pil- 
grim Society of New York, St. Thomas Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church. Kings County Repub- 
lican General Committee. He is keenly inter- 
ested in public affairs and active in politics. 

He married, December 5, 1883, Jennie Belle 
Carman, born March 21, 1863, at x'Vmityville, 
Long Island, daughter of Mahlon and Harriet 
(.Snediker) Carman. Children: i. Clififord 
Webster, born in Brooklyn, July 15, 1885; 
educated in private schools in that city and 
fitted for college, but did not enter, preferring 
to engage in business ; is associated with his 
father in E. B. Estes & Sons ; member of the 
Sons of the Revolution. 2. Joseph Beecham, 
born at Flatbush, Long Island, March i, 1888; 




^^^?y(rit^j^. toyti^. 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



5f'3 



educated in private schools, student at Prince- 
ton University, graduating in class of lyii; 
member of the Sons of the Revolution. 3. 
Louis Carman, born at Flatbush, Long Island, 
August 15, 1890: student in private school. 



John Darling, immigrant an- 
DARLlNtJ cestor, was born about 1040. 
He lived in Salem, Massachu- 
setts, until about 1674, when he settled in An- 
dover, Massachusetts. He was a fisherman 
and innholder. He was probably related to 
George Darling, an English immigrant, at 
Salem, who also lived in Lynn and Marble- 
head. George Darling and wife Kate were wit- 
nesses in the John Hawthorne case in 1657, 
and in 1670 he deposed that he was aged about 
fifty years. He married Katherine (or Kate), 
daughter of Richard Gridley, who lived in 
what is now Maine, and who mentioned this 
daughter in his will. George Darling died at 
Salem in 1693, bequeathing to sons James. 
John, Daniel, Thomas, Benjamin and Henry, 
and daughters Hannah, Sarah and Margaret. 
John Darling married Alary, daughter of Rich- 
ard Bishop, in whose will the wife of John 
Darling (or Dorland, as the name was some- 
times spelled ) was mentioned. Children : Mary, 
Hannah, Abigail. John, see forward: Tliomas, 
Eliakim. 

(H) John (2). son of John (i) Darling, 
was born in Salem or Andover, December 21, 
1683. He lived at Salisbury, Massachusetts. 
and in the adjacent town, now Kingston, New 
Hampshire, and he appears in a list at Salis- 
bury, November 25, 1702. He joined the 
church at Salisbury, March i, 1724. and his 
wife Mary the Second Church at Salisbury. 
August 8, 1725. Both were received by the 
church at Kingston from Salisbury, April 13, 
1729. He married Alary Page (published No- 
vember 6, 1708). Children, born at Salisbury; 
I. Abigail, born October 4, 1709 ; married, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1729. 2. Daniel, married Susanna 
Webster. 3. Judith, born June 14. 1714: ad- 
mitted to the Kingston church, May 27, 1733; 
married there, Alarch 4. 1736, Benjamin Cilley. 
4. John, see forward. 5. Naomi, born July 12, 
1719; married, July 7, 1741, Jacob Flanders. 
6. Omesiphorous, born January 12. 1721 ; mar- 
ried, at Kingston, November i, 1748, Eliza- 
beth Norton. 7. Philip, born August 29, 1724. 
baptized at Salisbury, September 17, 1724. 8. 
Alary, baptized December 8. 1725. 9. Ruth, 
baptized August 3. 1729. at Kingston, died 
January 20. 1730. 

(HI) John (3), son of John (2) Darling, 
was born at Salisbury. Alassachusetts. 1716. 
lie was a lieutenant in the Kingston company, 
lie joined the Kingston church. October 2(\ 



1735, and his brother Daniel and wife joined 
March 16, 1735. He married, about 1739, 
Hannah Alorse, who bore him six sons and 
three daughters. 

(IV) Peter, son of John (3) Darling, was 
born in 1752, at Kingston. He married Re- 
becca Burbank, who bore him seven sons and 
two daughters. 

(Vj Major Ebenezer Darling, son of Peter 
Darling, was born in Hopkinton, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1787. He was a soldier in the war of 
1812, and major of militia. He was one of the 
first settlers of the town of Burke, Vermont. 
He married Abigail, daughter of Esquire Tim- 
othy Fisher, whose son, Captain Timothy Fish- 
er, was a prominent citizen of Burke. Chil- 
dren, born in Burke : Henry George, see for- 
ward : Charles B. ; Alfred B., see forward ; 
Caroline M., Lucius F., Pamelia A., Scott E. : 
Abigail, married John W. Evans. 

( \T ) Henry George, son of Alajor Eben- 
ezer Darling, was born August 15. 1816, in 
Burke. Vermont, where he died September 5, 
1902. He obtained an excellent common school 
education, and was for several years a success- 
ful teacher in the district schools of his native 
town. About 1840 he entered the forest at the 
foot of Burke Mountain and, almost unaided, 
cleared for himself a farm. He also learned 
the trade of carpenter, and was a skillful 
and thorough craftsman, building sleighs and 
wagons during the winter months. In 1854 he 
removed to a farm in Sutton, Vermont, but 
while there his health became impaired as the 
result of overwork, and in 1866 he came to 
East Burke to live. It was largely due to his 
advice that his eldest son, Elmer A. Darling, 
in 1883 purchased what is now known as the 
Alountain View Farm, which has since been 
the family home. While the development and 
active management of this large property was 
carried on by his children, Lucius A. and A. 
Louise, his advice and experience were relied 
upon largely. "His firmness, his keen sense 
of right and wrong, his gentleness and inherent 
refinement of character commanded the respect 
of all. It is said of him that through his long 
years of illness he was never once heard to 
complain, always philosophically looking upon 
it as being for some good purpose, even though 
unseen and unknown. During his boyhood he 
had become a church member, and throughout 
his life maintained a simple, constant and faith- 
ful belief and trust in the truths of its doctrine." 
In politics he was a Republican. He was buried 
in W'oodmont Cemetery, East Burke, under 
the shadow of the mountain that he had looked 
upon and loved so many years. 

Air. Darling married. June 15. 1845. Alehit- 
able W'hitcomb. of Lvndon, Vermont, born 



564 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(3ctober 22. 1821, daughter of Cummings Whit- 
comb. Children: i. Ehner Albert, see forward. 
2. Scott E., died in 1885. 3. A. Louise, born 
October 30, 1854, resides in the new home, 
Burklyn Hall, on the Mountain View Farm. 
4. Lucius A., born June i, 1857, superintendent 
of the homestead. 

(VI) Alfred B., son of Major Ebenezer 
Darling, was born March 23, 1821, at Burke, 
died September 6, 1896. He was reared on 
the homestead and educated in the district 
schools. At the age of fourteen he left home 
to live with his uncle, Timothy Fisher, a suc- 
cessful farmer, with whom he remained until 
he became of age. Then, desiring a wider 
field of activity and usefulness, he sought an 
opportunity to change the current of his life 
and found one while accompanying his uncle 
to Boston in order to dispose of the produce 
of the farm. Arriving at Charlestown Neck, 
the two men stopped at the inn established in 
earlier years by the Hon. James Sullivan. The 
proprietor of the house took a decided fancy 
to Mr. Darling and induced him to leave the 
farm and enter his employ, which he accord- 
ingly did and remained with him for two and a 
half years. There he formed the plans which 
in subsequent years made him one of the most 
famous hotel proprietors of his day. He re- 
moved later to Boston and entered the employ 
of Paran Stevens, the leading man in his line 
of work, in the old Revere House, famous in 
that day for the many eminent men which 
frequented it. In 1852 Mr. Darling became 
associated with Mr. Stevens, as partner, in the 
management of the Battle House at Mobile, 
Alabama, at its opening, which became one of 
the most famous hotels in the country. In 
1839 he became identified with the Fifth Ave- 
nue Hotel in New York City, in co-partnership 
with Paran Stevens and Hiram Hitchcock, 
under the title of Hitchcock, Darling & Com- 
pany. In 1867 the interest of Mr. Hitchcock 
having been bought by Mr. Griswold, the firm 
name was changed to Darling, Griswold & Com- 
pany, but in 1879 Mr. Hitchcock bought back 
his interest and the old name was readopted. 
In 1859 the building, which has recently been 
demolished, was but partly erected, and for a 
time work was suspended because Amos R. 
Eno, the owner, believed the location too far 
from the business center of the city, but Paran 
Stevens encouraged him to proceed to its com- 
pletion as a hotel. Prior to the civil war this 
house was the favorite hotel of visiting South- 
erners. Mr. Darling gave his attention par- 
ticularly to the cuisine, of which he was a 
thorough master. After the war, down to the 
time of its destruction, in 1908, this famous 
hotel was the licadquarters of the national and 



state leaders of the Republican party. From 
1872 to the time of his decease, Mr. Darling 
was the senior and active proprietor of the 
hotel. 

Mr. Darling was one of the substantial citi- 
zens of New York, and served from time to 
time as director in important institutions, 
among them being the Second National Bank, 
the Fifth Avenue Safe Deposit Company and 
the Union Dime Savings Bank. He was a 
prominent Republican, and was one of the 
early members of the LInion League Club and 
of the Chamber of Commerce of New York, 
and of the New England Society. He married 
Lydia A. Nye, who survived him and died 
February 28, 1903. 

Among the men whose lives and personal 
exertions have done so much toward the pros- 
perity and welfare of the communities in which 
they resided, it may be well doubted if any 
deserve a more honorable mention than the late 
Alfred B. Darling. As a citizen he was uni- 
versally esteemed, always sustaining the char- 
acter of a true man, and by his own honorable 
endeavors and moral attributes he carved out 
for himself, friends, affluence and position. 
Scrupulously honorable in all his dealings with 
mankind, he bore a reputation for public and 
private integrity, and having been sociable and 
genial in disposition, his friends were many, 
composed of all classes of society, all of whom 
regretted his demise. 

(VII) Elmer Albert, son of Henry George 
Darling, was born in East Burke, Vermont, 
April 22, 1848. He attended the public schools 
and the St. Johnsbury Academy, Vermont, also 
the Allen School at Auburndale, Massachu- 
setts. He then entered the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, Boston, and took a spe- 
cial course in architecture, with the intention 
of adopting the profession, but his plans were 
changed after he completed his course. He 
taught school for a time at East Burke, and in 
1874 entered the employ of the Fifth Avenue 
Hotel, New York, of which his uncle was pro- 
prietor, and from that time until the hotel was 
closed in 1908 he was associated with the man- 
agement of that house. In 1890 he became a 
partner of the firm of Hitchcock, Darling & 
Company, proprietors of the hotel. During 
all these years he enjoyed the intimate friend- 
ship of many of the most distinguished men 
of the nation, statesmen, soldiers and others. 
A'Tr. Darling is the owner of Mountain View 
Farm, comprising several thousand acres in his 
native town of Burke, and adjoining towns, 
twenty-five hundred acres of which are under 
cultivation, and he spends his summers there. 
He is a prominent breeder of fine Morgan 
horses and Jersey cattle, and is widely and 





-^S^-^z,-^^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



565 



favorably known throughout the country. The 
improvement of his native town, its churches, 
cemeteries and roads, and the moral and phy- 
sical welfare of the townspeople, have been the 
objects of his thoughtful care and liberal ex- 
penditures. He has devoted his time, since 
retiring from the hotel business, to the man- 
agement and development of his extensive real 
estate holdings in New York City and else- 
where. He is a member and for eighteen years 
past has been president of the American Jersey 
Cattle Club. He is a life member of the New 
England Society of New York, member of the 
Empire State Society, of the Sons of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, treasurer and trustee of the 
New York Polyclinic Hospital, and member of 
the Union League Club of New York, the New 
York Yacht Club, and the Technology Club of 
New York. In politics he is a Republican. Mr. 
Darling is unmarried. 



Thomas Tenney, immigrant an- 
TENNEY cestor,came from Rowley, coun- 
ty Yorkshire, England, in the 
company of the Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, and arrived 
in Salem, Massachusetts, in December, 1638. 
He settled at Rowley, Massachusetts, in April, 

1639. This settlement was first called Rogers 
Plantation, in honor of the spiritual leader. In 
a deposition taken at Ipswich, Massachusetts, 
May 4, 1680, Mr. Tenney gave his age as about 
sixty-six years, which would make him about 
twenty-four when he emigrated. His first 

wife was Ann , who came over with 

him, and was buried September 26, 1657. He 
married (second), February 24, 1658, Eliza- 
beth, widow of Francis Parrat, of Rowley. In 
1643 he received a house lot, and in 1667-70 
74, had other grants of land. He held numer- 
ous town offices ; warner of town meetings, 
165053-60-61-66; overseer of plains, 1656- 
64-71; selectman, 1660-61-70 ; viewer of fences, 
highways, and chimneys, 1669; constable, 1665- 
66; tithingman, 1680. He is called ensign and 
marshall in 1653-66. The early church records 
were lost, but his name appears as a member 
in 1669. He spent the last years of his life at 
Bradford, Massachusetts, as appears from a 
deed to his son John, dated June 15, 1694. He 
died there February 20, 1699-1700, and was 
buried in the old cemetery, where his grave is 
marked by a slate stone. Children, born in 
Rowley: John, mentioned below; Hannah, 
March 15, 1642; Mercy, June 17, 1644; 
Thomas, July 16, 1648; James, August 15, 
1650; Daniel, July 16, 1653. 

(II) Deacon John Tenney, son of Thomas 
Tenney, was born in Rowley, December 14, 

1640, died April 13, 1722. He bought one 
hundred acres of land in Merrimack, May 20, 

iii-5 



1664, also four acres of meadow. Before his 
death he had deeded most of this land to his 
sons. March 2, 1684-85, he was one of a syndi- 
cate of ten men who purchased seventy or 
eighty acres of salt marsh at Plum Island in 
Rowley. At the first town meeting held at 
Bradford, February 20, 1668, he served as 
moderator, in 1668 as clerk of writs, in 1669 as 
selectman, in 1677 he served on the school com- 
mittee, and December 2, 1702, was chosen as 
deacon. He was prominent in church affairs, 
and served on various church committees. His 
name is found in "ye garrison at Blackport, 
Maine," under date October 12, 1676, and 
under Captain Scottow, October 12, 1677-78. 
He married (first), in Rowley, February 26, 
1663, Mercy, daughter of Francis and Eliza- 
beth Parrat, of Rowley, born July 23, 1646, 
died November 27, 1667. He married (sec- 
ond), in Merrimack village (now Bradford), 
Massachusetts, December 2, 1668, Susanna, 
daughter of Humphrey and Elizabeth Wood- 
bury, of Beverly, Massachusetts. She was 
born February 4, 1648, died April 9, 1716. 
She was dismissed from the church at Beverly 
to that of Bradford, in 1682-83. Children: 
Sarah, born in Rowley, October 17, 1665 ; Sam- 
uel, mentioned below. 

(Ill) Elder Samuel Tenney, son of Deacon 
John Tenney, was born in Bradford, Novem- 
ber 20, 1667, died February 3, 1747-48. He 
repeatedly held the highest offices in his native 
town ; lieutenant in the continental army; mem- 
ber of the colonial assembly, 1725, and one of 
the thirty who voted against receiving the 
King's charter. He received land in Rowley 
and Bradford from his father by deed. On 
March 17, 1696-97, he bought land in Kings- 
ton, New Hampshire; March 9, 1702-03, salt 
marsh at Plum Island, and other parcels of 
land in Bradford. He married (first) Abigail, 
daughter of Deacon Joseph Bailey. She died 
in Bradford, November 28, 1689. He married 
(second), also in Bradford, December 18, 1690, 
Sarah, daughter of Captain Joseph and Sarah 
(Swan) Boynton, of Bradford, born January 
II, 1671-72, died April 3, 1709. He married 
(third), January 26, 17 10- 11, Hannah Moody, 
who died October 29, 1745, aged seventy-six 
years. She was dismissed from the church at 
Newbury, and admitted to full communion of 
the First Church in Bradford, July i, 1716. He 
became a member of the church, January 23, 
1687. He was made deacon 1712, and March 
28. 1718. was chosen elder, receiving every vote 
but one, probably his own. He wrote short- 
hand, and was accustomed to take down the 
sermons, and during the intermission read them 
to the people who remained at the meeting 
house. He was a fine singer, and for twenty- 



566 



NEW EXGLANb. 



five years led the song service. Children, born 
in Bradford: Abigail, November 22, 1689; 
Mercy, October 23, 1691 ; John, December 8, 
1692; Susanna, February 5, 1694-95; Sarah, 
March 29, 1696; Samuel, December 17, 1697; 
Joseph, March 16, 1698-99; Ann, September 
24, i/CX); Daniel, February 14, 1702; Jonathan, 
mentioned below ; Dorothy, December 20, 1704; 
Philip, December 16, 1706. 

( IV) Deacon Jonathan Tenney, son of Elder 
Samuel Tenney, was born in Bradford, now 
Groveland, Massachusetts, December 8, 1703, 
died February 24, 1764. He married (first) 
Rebecca, born in Bradford, December 12, 1706, 
joined the church, December 10, 1727, died 
April, 1738-39, daughter of Daniel and Martha 
Hardy. He married (second) (by David Wood, 
Esquire) Mrs. Lydia (Hale) Perley, born at 
Bo.xford, Massachusetts, March 23, 1710-11, 
daughter of Joseph and Joanna (Dodge) Hale. 
She married (first) Nathan Perley, of Bo.x- 
ford, March 20, 1732-33, and he died in Feb- 
ruary, 1739. Nathan Perley, her only child of 
the first marriage to survive, settled on Scot- 
land Hill, in Haverhill. Mrs. Lydia Tenney 
united with the church, January 18, 1740. She 
died June 6, 1803. aged ninety-two, and her 
gravestone is to be seen at Groveland. Jon- 
athan Tenney joined the church. May 1, 1720, 
and was chosen deacon in 1747. During the 
next half century four of the eight deacons of 
the Bradford church were Tenney s. Children, 
born at Bradford: Merabah, March 4, 1727; 
Rebecca, June 13, 1731 ; Daniel, P"ebruary 23. 
1732-33; Jonathan, July 25, 1736; Rebecca, 
September 14, 1741 ; Benjamin, January 17, 
1742-43; Lydia, October 31, 1744; Joanna, 
April 19, 1746; Samuel, November 28, 1748: 
Joseph, 1750; Margaret, December 15, 1754. 

(\') Daniel, son of Deacon Jonathan Ten- 
ney. was born at Bradford, February 23, 1732- 
33, and was baptized February 25. two days 
later. In 1780 he was on the town committee to 
hire soldiers for the continental army. He was 
a private, enlisting July 12, 1778, and discharged 
December 16, 1778, in Captain John Dodge's 
company. Colonel Jacob Gerrish's regiment ; 
also in Captain John Bodwell's company, same 
regiment, in 1778, at Cambridge. He resided 
at Bradford, Massachusetts, and Pelham, New 
Hampshire, just over the line. He died No- 
vember 4, 181 5. He married at Rowley (in- 
tention dated October 2, 1755). December 4, 
1755, Elizabeth Dole, who died March 21, 1825, 
in her eighty-eighth year. Children : Edmund, 
mentioned Ijelow ; Molly, born June 6, 1758; 
Jonathan, September 30, 1760; Paul, April 11, 
1763; Jesse. December 7, 1766: Betty, Novem- 
ber 13, 1767: Daniel, February i, 1773, died 
young; Mehitable, 1775, died in infancy; Me- 



hitable, February 28, 1779; Daniel, December 
22, 1782. 

(VI) Edmund, son of Daniel Tenney, was 
born in Bradford, Massachusetts, September 
10, 1756, died in 1844. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, a private from Pelham, in Captain 
Amos Gage's company, enlisting September 29, 
1777, to reinforce the northern army at Sara- 
toga, New York, discharged October 28, 1777. 
He had other service and was pensioned April 
4, 1833, for his revolutionary service. He was 
a farmer and shoemaker. He married, August 
14, 1783, Sarah Ferguson, born January 27, 
1764. They lived at Hudson and Pelham, New 
Hampshire. Children: Mary, born December 
13, 1784: Betsey, November 8, 1786; Daniel, 
June 19, 1789; Sarah, June 25, 1791, married 
Frye Gage; twin daughters, April 21, 1793, 
died young; Lucinda, September 25, 1797; Ed- 
mund Dole, September 16, 1802; John Fergu- 
son, mentioned below. 

(VII) John Ferguson, son of Edmund Ten- 
ney, was born August i, 1804, at Pelham, New 
Hampshire, died April 25, 1879. He resided 
at Salem, New Hampshire, was a well-to-do 
farmer and held various offices of trust. He 
married, April 8, 1831, Hannah (Woodbury) 
Tenney, daughter of Israel and Mehitable 
Woodbury, and widow of Daniel Tenney, his 
brother. Her father was a captain in the revo- 
lution. She was born November 5, 1796, died 
May 30, 1884. Children, born at Salem : Dan- 
iel Woodbury, October 3, 1832 ; George Wash- 
ington, January 15, 1835; John Milton, March 
2-, 1839; Charles Henry, mentioned below. 

(\'HI) Charles Henry, son of John Fergu- 
son Tenney, was born at Salem, New Hamp- 
shire, July 9, 1842. His early education was 
received in the New Hampshire Conference 
Seminary, at Tilton, New Hampshire, after 
the usual district school training. He worked 
for his father during his boyhood and led the 
typical life of a New Hampshire farmer's son. 
For five years he was clerk in a general store, 
where he acquired business experience of in- 
estimable value to him. He then determined 
to learn the business of manufacturing hats of 
wool and in this industry he was employed for 
five 3ears. In 1868 he established himself as a 
commission merchant in wool hats with his 
place of business in New York City. His suc- 
cess was unparalleled. Thoroughly versed in 
the methods of manufacture, a close observer 
of the markets, enterprising, sagacious and up- 
right in all his methods, his attractive personal- 
ity and fine personal qualities attracted busi- 
ness from the outset. While he owns an inter- 
est in a hat manufacturing concern, he has de- 
voted himself chiefly to the commission busi- 
ness and represents at the present time upwards 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



567 



of forty different hat manufacturing concerns, 
among which are the largest and best in the 
country. His New York store is at 8 Wash- 
ington place and 15-17-19 West Fourth street. 
The Tenney Genealogy calls him the "V'ander- 
bilt of the family." He is an earnest and 
patriotic citizen, withal, and lends his support 
to every movement designed for the public wel- 
fare, regardless of religion or party. He is an 
active member of the Union League Club, the 
Metropolitan Club. New York Yacht Club, 
Sleepy Hollow Club, Reform Club, New York 
Athletic Club, Society of Colonial Wars, New 
York Chamber of Commerce, New England 
Society of New York, and many other scien- 
tific and benevolent organizations. He is a 
sustaining member of the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art and Museum of Natural History. 
Mr. Tenney is also a life trustee of the Bowery 
Savings Bank. 

The town of Methuen, Massachusetts, where 
he makes his home in summer, has been largely 
benefited by his generosity. This picturesque 
little town has been greatly beautified by Mr. 
Tenney. His magnificent estate, laid out by 
modern landscape artists, is a beautiful park 
in itself and is always open to the public. The 
mansion, modeled after the Chateau Yquem, 
the ancestral seat of the great Montaigne, 
crowns a sightly hill, and is approached by a 
winding driveway, a mile long. Southwest of 
the mansion is an unenclosed quadrangle in 
the Italian style, two sides of which form an 
open corridor, its roof supported upon pillars 
of richly colored marble. The view from the 
hill overlooking the city of Lawrence and the 
Andovers is superb. The soldiers' monument 
in Methuen was the gift of Mr. Tenney. This 
town sent a company to the front with the 
famous Sixth Massachusetts, the regiment that 
was attacked in Baltimore on its way to Wash- 
ington at the call of President Lincoln just 
after the fall of Fort Sumter. In politics Mr. 
Tenney is a Republican. 

He married, November 23, 1865, Fannie 
Haseltine, born at Methuen, February 24, 1844, 
daughter of Daniel Gleason (see Gleason VI). 
Children: i. Daniel Gleason, born December 
19, 1867: is a member of the firm of C. H. 
Tenney & Company, dealers and manufacturers 
of hats ; married ^Iarguerite Ledgwick, daugh- 
ter of Samuel J. and Frances (Ledgwick) 
Smith, and had Frances Gleason and Charles 
Henry Tenney II. 2. Adelaide, born C)ctober 
8, 1869, died January 8, 1870. 



( I ) Thomas Gleason, immigrant ancestor, 
was born, it is thought, in Sulgrave, North- 
ampton county, England, in 1607, died in Cam- 



bridge, Massachusetts, in 1686. He married, 
in England, Susanna Page, who died in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, January 24, 1691. In 1658 
he removed to Charlestown, and December 3 
of that year, leased from Captain Scarlett a 
portion of the Squa Sachem lands, which lay 
on the west side of Mystic pond in Medford. 
Soon afterwards a question arose as to the 
rightful ownership of these lands, and in 
March, 1662, the town of Charlestown brought 
a suit against Thomas Gleason to obtain pos- 
session. The case was unsettled when the lat- 
ter died in 1686. Children : Thomas, born in 
England, in 1637; Joseph, 1642, Watertown, 
iMassachusetts ; John, 1647, Watertown ; Philip, 
1649-50, Watertown; Nathaniel, 1651, killed 
in the Sudbury fight. King Philip's war, April, 
1676; Isaac, 1654, Watertown; William, men- 
tioned below; Mary, October 31, 1657, Cam- 
bridge: Ann, 1659, Charlestown. 

( II ) William, son of Thomas Gleason, was 
born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1655. died 
there, January 14, 1690-91. He served as a 
soldier in King Philip's war, under Captain 

Nathaniel Davenport, and Captain Ting. 

On June 25, 1675, he is credited with two 
pounds fourteen shillings, and his name ap- 
pears also on the returns, dated November 25 
to December 3, 1675. The name is then spelled 
Gleson and Glesson. He was also a soldier in 
the French and Indian war, from Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. He married Abiel Bartlett, 
born in Watertown, May 28, 165 1. Children, 
born in Cambridge; William, April 15, 1679; 
Joseph, probably 168 r, baptized in Watertown, 
April 10, 1687 ; John, 1682-83 : Elizabeth, 1686; 
Anne, January 22, 1687; Esther, September 13, 
1688, died September 27, 1688; Isaac, mention- 
ed below. 

(III) Isaac, son of William Gleason, was 
born in Cambridge, 1690, died in Woburn, 
1748. He married (first), in Boston, Decem- 
ber 30, 1 714, Ann Earthey, who died in Brook- 
line, January 28, 1718. He married (second) 

Mary . He married ( third) , in Waltham, 

June 26, 1740, Elizabeth Harrington, who died 
probably in Newton, Massachusetts, June 23, 
1 75 1. Children of first wife, born in Brook- 
line: Elizabeth, September 24, 1716; Isaac, 
January 7, 1 718, died young. Children of 
second wife, the first two born in Brookline, 
the others in Woburn : John, baptized Febru- 
ary 21, 1720; David, December 4, 1721; Jo- 
siah, 1724; Susanna, June 8, 1727; William, 
January 2, 1730: Isaac, mentioned below: Jo- 
seph, June 10, 1736. 

(IV) Captain Isaac (2) Gleason. son of 
Isaac (i) Gleason, was born in Woburn, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1734, died in Waltham, March 18, 
1791. He served in the revolution, captain of 



568 



NEW ENGLAND. 



the Sixth Wahliam Company, Colonel Thach- 
er's regiment. He was assessor in Waltham, 
1772-76, and selectman, 1778-80. He kept a 
tavern, afterwards owned by Colonel David 
Townsend. He married (first), October 9, 
1766, Sarah, born in Waltham, November 20, 
1744, died January 19, 1771, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Barnard) Harrington. He mar- 
ried (second), in Waltham, July 4, 1771, Eliz- 
abeth, born in Newton, June 3, 1747, died in 
Waltham, July 16, 1794, daughter of John and 
Hannah (Cutting) Clarke. Children of first 
wife, born in Waltham: Isaac, July 13, 1767; 
David, mentioned below ; Sarah, September 11, 
1770, died January, 1771. Children of second 
wife: Cutting, May 14, 1772, died July 13, 
1773; Amos, November 9, 1773; Sarah, June 
22, 1775, died September 4, 1791 ; Elizabeth, 
February 8, 1777; Polly, February 2, 1779; 
Daniel, January 12, 1781 ; Hannah, January 5, 
1783, died April 23, 1797; Susanna, July 5, 
1785; Josiah, December 2, 1789. 

(V) David, son of Captain Isaac (2) Glea- 
son, was born in Waltham, March 13, 1769. 
He married Phebe, daughter of Kendall Carl- 
ton, who was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts. 
Child: Daniel, mentioned below. 

(VI) Daniel, son of David Gleason, was 
born in Haverhill, 1813, died in Methuen, 
Massachusetts, August 27, 1867. He was en- 
gaged in manufacturing in Methuen, and did a 
prosperous business. He married Delia M., 
daughter of Timothy and Fanny (Senter) Ken- 
dall, born in Litchfield, New Hampshire. Chil- 
dren : Fannie Haseltine, married Charles Henry 
Tenney (see Tenney VIII) ; Imogene, married 
William R. Rowell. 



John Hubbard, immigrant an- 
HUBBARD cestor, was probably born in 

England, though he may be 
related to the Hingham family of this name. 
He was an inhabitant of Boston, Massachu- 
setts, as early as 1670. He removed to Rox- 
bury and served in King Philip's war in Cap- 
tain Isaac Johnson's company, 1675-76. He 
married Rebecca Wells. She joined the church 
February 17, 1683. He went to Woodstock, 
Connecticut (New Roxbury or Mashemequit), 
settled by forty Roxbury families, who left 
Ro.xbury, July 21, 1686. John Flubbard was 
an original proprietor. Children of John and 
Rebecca Hubbard: Rachel, baptized April 13, 
1684; Rebecca, baptized April 13, 1684; Sarah, 
September 21, 1684; Mary, baptized April 11, 
1686; John, mentioned below. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Hubbard, 
was born at Woodstock, May 3, 1689, died 
after 1731. He was one of the petitioners for 
the charter of the town of Pomfret, set off 



from Woodstock, dated in 1713. He bought 
the homestead of John Adams in 1710. It is 
located between Canterbury and Mortlake. He 

married Elizabeth . Children, born at 

Woodstock: Benjamin; Joseph, mentioned be- 
low ; Jonas, died in Canterbury ; Elizabeth, 
died September 25, 1754; Timothy, died March 
9, 1758. 

(III) Joseph, son of John (2) Hubbard, 
was born at Pomfret, Connecticut, about 1720. 
He removed to Salisbury, Connecticut, and 
located at Tory Hill. He bought a farm of 
one hundred and forty-five acres, fourteenth 
lot, near Aliddle Pond, in Salisbury, of John 
and Experience Palmer for three hundred 
pounds sterling, June 18, 1774, by warrantee 
deed (see Salisbury land records, vol. 7, page 
102). He was a Loyalist during the revolu- 
tion, though a personal friend of General Israel 
Putnam, his neighbor. He married, at Pom- 
fret, July 5, 1744, Deborah, daughter of Jo- 
seph Cleveland (see Cleveland). Children: 
Luther, Jesse, Olive, Sybil, Parley, mentioned 
below. 

(IV) Parley, son of Joseph Hubbard, was 
born in Pomfret about 1767, died in 1848. He 
removed to Salisbury with his parents in 1781. 
He was a large and successful farmer, owning 
the land where the Hotchkiss School is located 
at Lakeville, Connecticut. He was captain in 
the state militia. He married Anna, daughter 
of John and Sarah (Landon) Catlin, of Salis- 
bury. Children: i. Hiram Bosworth, born 
1796, died March 21, 1869; married Polly 
Dean, of Canaan. 2. Joseph Augustus, born 
1800, died 1877, at Honesdale, Wayne county, 
Pennsylvania ; married Daphne Bushnell. 3. 
John Henry, mentioned below. 4. Alexander, ■ 
born 1806, died June, 1881 ; married Mandane \ 
Van Deusen ; children : Jane, James, John I 
Henry, Edwin, Anna. 

(V) Hon. John Henry Hubbard, son of 
Parley Hubbard, was born in Salisbury, March . 
24, 1804, died July 30, 1872, in Litchfield. He t 
received a good education in the district schools I 
and became especially proficient in mathematics " 
and Latin. He was qualified to teach school at 
the age of fi fteen years. He was a lifelong stu- 
dent, however, and a man of many attamments. 
He began to study law in the office of Hon. 
Elisha Sterling, of Salisbury, and was admitted 
to the bar before he was twenty-two years old. 
He established himself in the practice of his 
profession at Lakeville, Connecticut, and re- 
sided there for thirty years. In 1847-49 he 
was a state senator from the seventeenth dis- 
trict. He was appointed state attorney for 
Litchfield county in 1849 ^^d held the office 
four years. In politics he was originally a 
Whig, afterward a Republican and a leader of 



NEW ENGLAND. 



569 



his party. He gave earnest support to the 
government during the civil war and helped to 
recruit the Thirteenth and Nineteenth regi- 
ments. In 1863 he was elected to the thirty- 
eighth congress and reelected to congress in 
1865 from the fourth district. He served his 
district with ability and distinction. He was 
an able and successful lawyer and continued in 
practice until shortly before his death. The 
following tribute by his neighbor and friend, 
Hon. Henry B. Graves, was published in a 
Litchfield newspaper at the time of his death: 
"The Hon. John H. Hubbard died in this vil- 
lage on the 30th of July, 1872. The deceased 
was born in Salisbury in November, 1804, and 
was therefore at his death past sixty-seven years 
of age. He was admitted to the Litchfield 
county bar in April, 1826, and soon after com- 
menced practicing law in his native town, in 
the village of Lakeville, where he continued in 
a very successful business until about seven- 
teen years since when he removed to Litch- 
field. Here he was constantly occupied in his 
profession, being engaged in most of the im- 
portant cases tried in our higher courts until 
his election to Congress in 1863 from this dis- 
trict. He was again returned to Congress in 
1865. Having served his four years in Con- 
gress, he again returned to the practice of law 
and continued it till within a few weeks of his 
death. He was very industrious, energetic and 
persevering; never discouraged by an adverse 
decision, where there was an opportunity to 
pursue the cause of his client further, and was 
often victorious in the court of review, where 
he had been overruled in the inferior courts. 
In the course of his professional career he had 
a lucrative practice and for many years was 
one of the more prominent lawyers in this 
county. He served five years as State Attor- 
ney of the county, in which position he gave 
general satisfaction : he was also State Senator 
from the 17th district two terms and served 
in various other public relations and in all of 
them acquitted himself with honor. He was a 
good citizen ; liberal, kind and generous to the 
poor, and always ready to contribute his full 
share to all objects of worthy charity. As a 
husband and parent, he could not do enough 
for those so nearly connected to him and his 
affections knew no bounds or limit. The de- 
ceased leaves a widow, three sons and a daugh- 
ter, surviving him, to mourn his loss. Though 
liis death had t>een expected for several days, 
owing to the character of his disease, yet our 
community was not prepared to meet with so 
great an affliction and deeply sympathize with 
the stricken family in their great sorrow." 

He married (first) Julia A. Dodge. He 
married (second), September 18, 1855, Abby 



Jane Wells, born at Litchfield, in 1826, died 
September 30, 1908, daughter of Tomlinson 
and Electa (Smith) Wells, granddaughter of 
Philip and Elizabeth (Tomlinson) Wells. Heze- 
kiah Wells, father of Philip, was son of Thomas, 
grandson of John, and great-grandson of John 
Wells, of Stratford, Connecticut. John, last 
mentioned, was son of Governor Thomas Wells, 
of whom a sketch is given elsewhere in this 
work. Children: i. John Tomlinson, mentioned 
below. 2. Philip Parley (twin), June 9, 1859, 
cashier of the Litchfield National Bank ; mar- 
ried. May 9, 1896, Harriet A. Cook, of Lowell, 
Massachusetts; children: [Miriam, born Eebru- 
ary 21, 1897; Harriet, May 13, 1902. 3. Anna 
Electa (twin), died December 11, 1909. 4. 
Frank Wells, August 2, 1865; attorney; legal 
advisor of the New York Street Railway; mar- 
ried, November 18, 1891, Grace W. Keese, of 
Brooklyn, New York ; children : Grace Louise, 
born March 18, 1893; W^aldron Wells, Julv 10, 
1896. 

(\ I) John Tomlinson, son of Hon. John 
Henry Hubbard, was born in Litchfield, No- 
vember 3, 1856. He attended the public schools 
there and graduated from Yale College with 
the degree of A. B. in the class of 1880 and 
from the Yale Law School in the class of 1883. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1883. He be- 
gan to practice law at Litchfield, where he has 
always resided. He has been a member of the 
bar examining committee since it was formed. 
He represented the town in the general assem- 
bly in 1901-03 and served on the judiciary 
committee. He is now serving his second term 
as judge of probate of the Litchfield district. 
Besides an extensive law practice he has a real 
estate business. He is a director in the Litch- 
field Mutual Insurance Company and trustee 
of the Litchfield Savings Bank. He is presi- 
dent of the Echo Farm Company. In religion 
he is an Episcopalian. He is unmarried. 

(The Cleveland Line). 

( ID Jnsiah Cleveland, son of Moses Cleve- 
land ( (|. v.), was born in Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, February 26, 1666-67, died at Canterbury, 
Connecticut, April 26, 1709. He married, at 
Chelmsford, Massachusetts, about 1689, IMary. 
born there. May 8, 1667, died at Canterbury. 
July 20, 1743. daughter of John and Mary 
Bates. He served in the Indian wars, 1688-89, 
probably in Maine. He settled in Chelmsford 
in 1689, as did his brother Samuel. In 1693 
he followed Samuel to Plainfield, the part 
afterwards Canterbury, when there was only 
one white or English family in the town, and 
the west side of the Ouinnebaug river was first 
settled, 1690. In i6g8 he, Samuel, and others 
were made trustees of lands west of the Ouin- 



570 



XE\\' ENGLAND. 



nebaiig river by Owaneco, chief of the Mahi- 
canni or Mohegans, and in 1699 he purchased 
one hundred and seventy-six acres of Owaneco, 
"then being Peagscommock." He, his brotlier 
and others signed a petition, May 9, 1699, to 
the general court for "town powers and privi- 
lages," and he was on a committee of ten "of 
the oldest and most respected inhabitants" of 
the place who were appointed to assume the 
jurisdiction of their territory, and reported 
June 15, 1 701. the result. December 24, 1702, 
Samuel, Josiah, and Isaac were among the 
freeholders and proprietors of Plainfield apply- 
ing for a separate township, and it was divided 
October, 1703, and the west side named Canter- 
bury. Widow Cleveland was admitted to the 
church, June 15, 1712. She married (second), 
in Canterbury, January 22, 1721-22, Robert 
Boswell or Buswell, being his second wife ; he 
died before 1743. She died July 20, 1743. 
Children : Josiah, born October 7, 1690, at 
Chelmsford; Joseph, June 13, 1692, mentioned 
below ; Mary, March 7, 1694, at Chelmsford ; 
John, June 28, 1696, at Chelmsford ; Jonathan, 
born at Chelmsford, died there, April 5, 1698; 
Henry, December 22, 1699 ; Jonathan, about 
1701, died at Canterbury, July 15, 1713 ; Rachel, 
about 1703, at Canterbury; Lydia, December 
7, 1704, at Canterbury; Deliverance (son), 
July 13, 1707, at Canterbury; Abiel or Abigail, 
October 9, 1709, at Canterbury. 

(HI) Joseph, son of Josiah Cleveland, was 
born at Chelmsford, June 13, 1692, died at 
Canterbury, May 11 or 12, 1752. Captain Jo- 
seph Cleveland was a prominent man in Canter- 
bury and active in all public matters. He was 
one of the wealthy men of the town. He and 
his wife Deborah entered covenant July 6, 
1710. On December 20, 1720, he was chosen 
grand juryman. He was in the general assem- 
bly in May, 1731. He was captain of the 
train band of Canterbury, Pomfret and Mort- 
lake, appointed by the assembly in October, 
1733. He married (first), at Canterbury, 'May 
19, 1717, Deborah Butterfield, born at Chelms- 
ford, August 20, 1687. died at Canterbury, No- 
vember 10 or 14, 1724, daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Butterfield. He married (second), 
June 26, 1725, Mary, daughter of John Wood- 
ward. Benjamin Butterfield, father of Samuel 
Butterfield, was born in England, and was in 
Charlestown, ^Massachusetts, in 1638, and sub- 
scribed to town orders in Woburn, Massachu- 
setts, in 1640; was in Naamkeek, Chelmsford, 

in 1654; he married (first) Ann , and 

had son Samuel, born in Woburn, May 17, 

1647, who married Mary , and had 

daughter Deborah. Children, by first wife: 
Jonas, born October 16, 1718; Sybil. January 
7, 1720; John, December 31, 1721 ; l3eborah, 



.August II, 1726, married at Canterbury. July 
5, 1744, Joseph Hubbard (see Hubbard III) ; 
Bridget, August 12, 1728; Joseph, January 19, 
1730; Jonathan, November 24, 1737; Jesse, 
October 20, 1739. 



Thomas Tobey, immigrant ances- 
TOBEY tor, was among the early settlers 

of Sandwich, Plymouth colony, 
Massachusetts. In the old records his name 
was spelled Tobey, Toby, Tobye, Tobe and 
Tobie. The first record of him which has been 
found was dated August 7, 1644, when he gave 
seven shillings for the new meeting house. 
Although evidence has not been found, it has 
been said that he came from England to Long 
Island early in the seventeenth century, leav- 
ing there about 1640 to settle at Sandwich. 
This does not seem probable, as there were 
many who moved from Sandwich to Long 
Island, while they did not move from Long 
Island to Sandwich. On November 7, 1652, 
he was on a committee appointed to take care of 
all the fish that were taken by the Indians 
within the borders of the town, selling them 
for the benefit of the town, and he was also 
one of those to oversee the cutting up of whales 
which occasionally drifted to shore. In 1653 
he brought suit against a neighbor "for retaine- 
ing a yearling calf," but lost his case. In 1655 
he gave five shillings towards a place for "pub- 
lick meetings," and in 1657 subscribed a pound 
a year towards the support of a minister. He 
took the oath of fidelity to the colony in 1657, 
and in 1658 was chosen constable, being sworn 
at the court at Plymouth, June i, 1658. Also 
in 1658 he was chosen one of the "Raters," or 
assessors of rates or taxes. On one occasion 
he was paid four shillings by the town for 
"haveing the strangers to Plymouth," probably 
meaning that he was carrying out his duties as 
constable and taking prisoners, believed to be 
Quakers, to Plymouth. In 1660 he was a high- 
way surveyor and "pundor" or pound-keeper, 
and in 1662 was on the committee to lay out a 
new pound. In 1664-65 he was on a committee 
of reference ; in 1659 he was appointed to meet 
with Barnstable men to confer about a bound- 
ary. In 1663 and 1668 he was a juryman, and 
from 1662 to 1668 was excise officer. In 1670 
he was a member of a grand inquest, and in 
1668 was in charge of the letting out of town 
lands. His name is on the first list of towns- 
men in existence, April 23, 1675. In 1676 he 
was one of three men assigned to the import- 
ant duty of hiring "men to goe out upon the 
sscout for the town," and of assigning soldiers 
to duty, of furnishing ammunition, etc., during 
King Philip's war. The minister of the town, 
Rev. John Smith, received lands in 1673, from 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



571 



a committee of which Tobey was a member, 
and in 1676 he contributed to the repairs of the 
meeting house. In 1678 he acted as auditor 
on the accounts of the constable, with ]\Ir. 
Bourne. In July. 1681, he was authorized to 
look for additional land for himself, with the 
assistance of Mr. Bourne and Mr. Edmond 
Freeman, and "if any can be found he is to 
have fifty or threescore acres thereof upon re- 
port to the court" ; in 1699 he received a tract 
of ten acres formerly granted to Samuel Knott. 
"When Mr. Cotton was ordained Nov. 28, 
1694," his name was on the list of twenty 
members of the Sandwich church. On Octo- 
ber 16, 1690, he was one of the appraisers of 
the estate of Sergeant Benjamin Foster. In 
his will, dated Alarch 29, 1709-10, proved April 
9, 1714, when he was "Aged and weak of 
body," he bequeathed to his sons and to heirs 
of his sons who had died, mentioning his 
daughters, and leaving to his wife, who was a 
widow when he married her as his second wife, 
the property she brought at her marriage. 

He married (first), November 18. 1650, Mar- 
tha, daughter of George and Martha Knott : 
George Knott was one of the ten founders of 
Sandwich, and he died about a year before this 
marriage ; in his will he anticipated that Mar- 
tha would marry Thomas Dunham who had 
"pretended" to be "contracted" to the girl, 
although the family disapproved of the match. 
Mrs. Knott, her mother, lived in Sandwich for 
some time, and was brought before the court 
for "non-attendance," because she had attend- 
ed religious services away from the regular 
place of worship. Thomas Tobey married 
(second), after 1689, Hannah, widow of Am- 
brose Fish. On ^larch 20, 1705, the town 
voted to pay her twenty-four shillings for tak- 
ing care of William Cleare and Elkanah Smith 
in their sickness. She died March, 1720-21, 
leaving a will dated March 21, 1720. Children, 
order of birth not known : Thomas, born in 
Sandwich, December 8. 1651: John: Nathan; 
Ephraim : Jonathan ; Samuel, mentioned be- 
low ; Gershom. Three daughters, perhaps of 
second wife by Ambrose Fish. 

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas Tobey, was 
born in Sandwich, where he died November 
22, 1737. On March 8, 1699, and in 1700 he 
was chosen one of the grand jurors, and in 
1700 was a surveyor of highways. He was a 
tithingman in 1709. He educated his children 
well for the times, sending his son Samuel to 
Harvard, where he prepared for the ministry. 
He married .Abiah, daughter of Ambrose and 
Hannah Fish, born in Sandwich, September 2, 
1678: her mother was her husband's step- 
mother. His will was dated September 4, 
1737, and i^roved October 17, 1737. Children: 



Joanna, born May 22, 1697 ; Cornelius. Sep- 
tember 12, 1699: Tabitha, November 9, 1702; 
Zaccheus. January 13, 1703-04: Ruth, Septem- 
ber 8, 1706: Jonathan, May 13, 1709; Eliakim, 
October 19, 171 1: Samuel, mentioned below; 
Thomas. August 14. 1720: Elisha, July 14, 
1723. 

(Ill) Rev. Samuel (2) Tobey, son of Sam- 
uel ( I ) Tobey, was born in Sandwich, May 8, 
171 5. He was graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1733, and January i, 1736, was invited 
to preach at Berkley, Massachusetts, called Au- 
gust 3, 1736, and ordained pastor, November 
23, 1737, remaining in office for forty-four 
years, until his death. He received as his sal- 
ary one hundred pounds a year in addition to 
the SabbatlT day contributions, and he was 
highly honored and loved by his people. On 
September 17, 1737, he had a deed of land 
from Joseph Dean and others, and on May 
3- '^72)^' he bought fifty acres in Berkley of 
Ebenezer French. In 1759 he bought a tract 
in Middleborough, Massachusetts. He died 
suddenly, February 13, 1781, leaving no will, 
and his eldest son, Samuel, was administrator 
of his estate. The inventory, taken June 20, 
1 78 1, showed a small and finely selected library 
of classical and theological works, seventy-five 
books and two hundred and forty-two pamph- 
lets. He married, September 6, 1738, Bath- 
sheba, daughter of Timothy Crocker, of Barn- 
stable, born April 2, 1717: she survived her 
husband. Children: Celia, "Sela," born Au- 
gust 29, 1739; Samuel. August 11. 1741, died 
Alay 28, 1743 : Samuel, mentioned below : Tim- 
othy. September 25. 1745; Nathaniel. August 
17, 1747; Isaac. July 20. 1749: Enoch. Septem- 
ber 2. 1751 : Alethia. "Alatha." March 3, 1754; 
Bathsheba, September 9, 1756: Abigail,' Febru- 
ary 4. 1759: Paul. September 6. 1761 : Silas, 
twin of Paul. 

(I\') Samuel (3), son of Rev. Samuel Y2) 
Tobey, was born in Berkley, June 3. 1743. died 
December 18, 1823. He learned the trade of 
cordwainer, but later became a general mer- 
chant. On May 11, 1769, he bought land of 
Stephen Webster, and later purchased other 
lands, In the records of deeds, October 28, 
1800, it is shown that he and his son Apollos 
were in partnership as "traders." He was a 
prominent citizen, and an esquire or justice of 
tlie peace. He was a private on the muster 
roll of Captain Joseph Batt's company (Burt's 
company). Colonel Edward Pope's regiment, 
for service at Rhode Island on the alarm of De- 
cember 8. 1776. He married. September 6. 
1768. E.xperience Paull. of Berkley. Children: 
.■\chsa, born January 29. 1769: .\pollos, men- 
tioned below: Ruth, June 18. 1772: Betsey. 
March II. 1774: .'-^amuel. May 12. 1776, died 



NEW ENGLAND. 



February 3, 1787; Enoch. November 5, 1778; 
Peddie, November 17, 1780; Bathsheba, Octo- 
ber 17, 1782; Rowena, March 16, 1785; Silas, 
March 21, 1787. 

(V) Apohos. son of Samuel (3) Tobey, 
was born in Berkley, September 15, 1770, died 
in 1841. He was a merchant, importer of 
chinaware, and a man of unusual ability. For 
a number of years he was representative to the 
general court. He married, February 18, 1796, 
Hannah, daughter of Abel Crane, of Berkley, 
who made a deed of land to her May 23, 1800. 
Children: Apollos, born April 9, 1798; Sam- 
uel, December 4, 1799; Eliza, October 29, 
1801 ; Charles Courtsworth Pinckney, June 10, 
1803; Caleb Strong, mentioned below; Caro- 
line Amelia. 

(VI) Caleb Strong, son of Apollos Tobey, 
was born in Berkley, INIay 10, 1806, died in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Alarch 7, 1876. 
He lived for many years in New Bedford, as 
a merchant, dealing in dry goods, owning ships, 
and handling the products of whale fishery in 
which his firm, Tobey & Hathaway, were en- 
gaged. In 1848, at the death of Mr. Hatha- 
way, he moved to Philadelphia, and with his 
brother Samuel continued the business for sev- 
eral years prior to engaging in the manufac- 
ture of envelopes, paper bags, seed bags, tobacco 
bags, etc. They developed and operated the 
first machines for making envelopes, invented 
by Coleman & Jones. He was a member of 
the First Unitarian Church in Philadelphia. 
He was a man of high moral character and of 
simple tastes. He married, in New Bedford, 
October 26, 1831, Ruth Swift, born in New 
Bedford, 1807, daughter of William and Ruth 
(Swift) Ross, and granddaughter of Jirah 
Swift, of New Bedford. Her father came 
from Edinburgh, Scotland. She died January 
17,- 1876, and he was unable to withstand the 
shock of her death, dying two months later. 
Children, born at New Bedford: i. Francis 
McCoun, October 6, 1832, died of croup, Janu- 
ary 6, 1838. 2. Laura Hathaway, April 20, 
1840. 3. Sarah Cofiin, October 24, 1844; mar- 
ried. January 9, 1873, John Goodheart Roth- 
ermel, son of Peter Frederick Rothermel, art- 
ist : residence. Swarthmore, Pennsylvania ; chil- 
dren : Laura Tobey, March 16, 1874, died Janu- 
ary 22, 1892 ; Caroline Gertrude, June 21, 1877 ; 
Bessie Green, December 2, 1880. 4. Frank 
Ross, mentioned below. Laura Hathaway 
Tobey lives with her brother. Frank Ross 
Tobey, in Philadelphia. She is an active mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania Society of New Eng- 
land Women, whose object and aim in organ- 
ization is to help young women coming to Phil- 
adelphia as strangers to find boarding houses 
and homes. To that end they have delegates 



at the railroad stations in the city to give ad- 
vice and aid to such girls as may need it. She 
is a member of the Unitarian church in Phila- 
delphia. 

(Vll) Frank Ross, son of Caleb Strong 
Tobey, was born in Philadelphia, January 19, 
1847. He attended the Friends' Central School 
in Philadelphia, and after 1865 studied under 
private tutors. He began his business career 
as a clerk in the office of the Allison Manu- 
facturing Company of Philadelphia, and was 
promoted from time to time to positions of 
greater responsibility, becoming president of 
the corporation in 1891 and continuing as such 
until the company was merged with the Na- 
tional Tube Works, which became a part of 
the L^nited States Steel Corporation, He is 
now president of the Employees Indemnity 
Company of Philadelphia, and a director of the 
West End Trust Company. He is a member 
of the L^nion League Club of Philadelphia, the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society and the New 
England Society of Philadelphia. He is a 
member of the Unitarian church of Philadel- 
phia, the first church in American distinguish- 
ed by the word L^nitarian from the other Con- 
gregational churches, and he has been a trustee 
of the society for twenty years. He was exec- 
uter of the great Allison estate. In politics he 
is a Republican, but independent in municipal 
aiifairs. He is unmarried. His residence is at 
3942 Spruce street, Philadelphia. 



The \\'eston or Wesson family 
WF.ST( )X is of ancient English origin, 
the founder having come to 
England with \\'illiam the Conqueror, from 
whom he received valuable estates in Stafiford- 
shire and 'elsewhere for his services. The 
coat-of-arms had the motto : Craigiie" hoittc. 
( I ) John Weston, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in 1631 in County Buckingham, England, 
died about 1723, aged over ninety years. About 
1644, when only thirteen years old, his father 
being dead, he sailed as a stowaway in a ship 
bound for America. He settled in Salem. 
Massachusetts, where in 1648, at the age of 
seventeen, he was a member of the First 
Church. About 1653 he moved to that part of 
Reading now known as Wakefield, and ac- 
cumulated one of the largest estates in the 
town, his lands adjoining the Meetinghouse 
Square and extending southerly. He was cap- 
tain of a trading vessel and made several voy- 
ages to England. He was a Puritan, very 
earnest in his religion, and his gravestone in 
the Reading graveyard shows that he was one 
of the founders of the church there. He served 
in King Philip's war. He married, April 18, 
1653, Sarah, daughter of Deacon Zachariah 




^c<^^^< / < . yo-^c^/ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



573 



and Mary Fitch, of Reading, and this is the 
first marriage in Reading of which there is 
any record. Children: John, born August 17, 

1655, died August 19, 1655; Sarah, July 15, 

1656, died January 27, 1685 ; Mary, May 25, 
1659 ; John, mentioned below ; Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1662 : Samuel, April 16, 1665 ; Ste- 
phen. December 8, 1667; Thomas, Novem- 
ber 2, 1670. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Weston, 
was born March 9, 1661, died in 1719. He 
resided in Reading. He married, November 
26, 1684, Mary, daughter of Abraham and 
Mary (Kendall) Bryant. Children: John, 
born 1685; Abraham, 1687; Samuel, 1689: 
Mary, 1691 ; Stephen, December i, 1693; 
Zachariah, 1695 ; James, 1697 : Benjamin, 
mentioned below; Jeremiah, 1700; Timothy, 
probably died young; Timothy, 1702; Jona- 
than. 1705; Sarah, 1707; John, 1709. 

(III) Benjamin, son of John (2) Weston, 
was born at Reading in 1698. He married 
there Eunice Upham, a descendant of John 
Upham, the immigrant ancestor. Among 
their children was John, mentioned below. 

(IV) John (3), son of Benjamin Weston, 
was born at Reading in 1736. He lived on 
Main street in the house lately known as the 
Isaac G. Wellington place. He married (first) 
in 1765, Joanna Weston, a relative. She died 
in 1775, and he married (second) in 1776, 
Martha Farmer, who died in 1827, aged sev- 
enty-nine years. He was a soldier in the revo- 
lution in Captain Thomas Eaton's company, 
Colonel Greene's regiment on the Lexington 
Alarm. April 19, 1775. Among his children 
was John, mentioned below. 

(V) John (4), son of John (3) Weston, 
was born October i, 1768, at Reading, died 
there August i, 1849. He was educated in 
the public schools. He served his apprentice- 
ship at Amherst, New Hampshire, but after- 
ward returned to his native town. In April, 
181 5, Mr, Weston succeeded Colonel Nathan 
Parker as postmaster. It is related that he 
said to Colonel Parker at the time : "It be- 
comes my painful duty, sir, to inform you 
that the postofiice is transferred." "No pains 
to me, squire," said the colonel; "I am glad 
to get rid of it." He held the office until his 
death, or until he was obliged to resign dur- 
ing his final illness. The postoffice was kept 
in a room in his dwelling house on the east 
side of Main street nearly opposite the pres- 
ent location of the postoffice, and a little south- 
ward of the William R. Perkins house. At 
one time, while he was postmaster, the people 
sought to improve the mail facilities and he 
went to Washington and succeeded in secur- 
ing favorable action in the postal department. 



One-half of the expense of his journey was 
contributed by patrons of the postoffice and 
he bore the remainder of the cost. Although 
his schooling was brief, he made up for his 
deficiencies and not only filled this office effi- 
ciently, but was for many years justice of the 
peace and justice of the quorum, and all minor 
civil and criminal cases in town were heard 
in his court. Outside his own town he was a 
popular magistrate, and in their early days 
lawyers who won national fame like Rufus 
Choate and Robert Rantoul Jr. tried cases be- 
fore him. He held court in the old Union 
hall, at the corner of L^nion and Middle 
streets. For several years after Lowell began 
its rapid growth he held justice's courts there 
regularly. The records show that he prac- 
ticed extensively in the probate courts and 
did an extensive business as a conveyancer. 
He was entrusted with the administration of 
many important estates. In politics he was a 
Democrat and he was in a very small minority 
in the town of Reading, At one time there were 
but two others of his party there. But in 1837 
the town disregarded politics and elected him 
a representative to the general court. He held 
a high position in the Masonic fraternity and 
adhered to his lodge through the anti-Masonic 
excitement, when many men felt obliged to 
withdraw. He joined the Congregational 
church in Reading in 1801, and was an active 
and zealous member, sternly orthodox in his 
faith. He joined the Sunday school at the 
time of its organization, and was its librarian. 
He read many religious books and published 
some. 

We are told in a biographical sketch of Mr. 
Weston : 

In all religious duties he was most punctilious, in 
accordance with the rigid standard of those earlier 
times. His family relations were modeled after the 
Puritan type, the warmest affection existing between 
the members, with no demonstration, and with but 
little familiarity of intercourse between the head of 
the family and the other members. * * * Esquire 
Weston was a combination of the Puritan and demo- 
crat. The first was all right in this old orthodox par- 
ish, but with the majority democrat was considered 
synonymous with Jacobin, and implied a reception of 
the French infidel revolutionary principles. Mr. 
Weston was not ashamed, either of his religion or 
politics. He named his daughters for some Christian 
grace. Peace, Hope ; and his sons in accordance with 
his political predilections. Liberty, Equality. 

He married (first) at Amherst, New Hamp- 
shire, Sarah Boutelle, of French Huguenot 
ancestry. He married ( second ) Anna Wes- 
ton. Children: Liberty, (John) Equality, 
mentioned below ; Peace, Grace, Sarah, mar- 
ried Arch Smith, of \\'akefield ; Nancy, mar- 
ried Peter Smith, of Wakefield. 

(\T) Rev. John Equality Weston, .son of 



574 



NEW ENGLAND. 



John (4) Weston, Esq., was born at Reading, 
1796. When he came of age he prefixed the 
name of his father John to his given name 
Equahty. He became a printer and as mem- 
ber of the firm of True. Green & Weston 
was one of the founders of the Christian 
Watchman, the first Baptist periodical in Mas- 
sachusetts, and also of the Boston Statesman. 
After a few years he studied for the minis- 
try. From his epitaph in the graveyard at 
Lynn, we quote : 

He was ordained October, 1827, pastor of the 
Second Baptist Church of Cambridge and at the time 
of his death was pastor-elect of the Baptist Church 
of Nashua, New Hampshire. It was while on a 
journey to Nashua to preach on the ensuing Sabbath 
that he was drowned in Sandy Pond in Wilmington. 
This sudden and afflictive event occurred in conse- 
quence of a deep bank near the edge of the pond 
from which unperceived by him, he was precipitated 
with his carriage and sunk unto death. 

He died July 2, 1831, in his thirty-fifth 
year. Sandy Lake is now called Silver Lake. 
The history of Cambridge describes him as the 
first pastor of the Second Baptist Church of 
Cambridge, ordained October 10, 1827, having 
preached to the society several months pre- 
viously. He was a graduate of Newton The- 
ological Institution (in the first class) and a 
faithful minister of the church. He resigned 
April 4, 1 83 1, and was invited to take charge 
of the Baptist church at Nashua, New Hamp- 
shire, but in the month of July in the same 
year was unfortunately drowned at Wilming- 
ton. 

He married, at Lynn, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber II, 1819, Hitty Bachelor, sister of Deacon 
John Bachelor, one of the donors of the land 
on which the Newton Theological Institution 
was built. Children born at Lynn : Henry 
Griggs, mentioned below ; John Equality, April 
18, 1824 (had one son Walter IL, of Newton 
Center, Massachusetts) ; Francis Wayland, 
died at Lynn, September 18, 1848, aged twen- 
ty-three years ; George, Lucy. 

(\TI) Rev. Dr. Henry Griggs Weston, son 
of Rev. John Equality \\'eston, was born at 
Lynn, IMassachusetts, September 11, 1820. 
He attended the public schools and entered 
Brown University, from which he was grad- 
uated in the class of 1840 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. He joined the Baptist 
church at Lynn in 1834, while he was a college 
student, and after he graduated he became a 
student at the Newton Theological Institution, 
from which he was graduated in 1842. During 
the last months there he developed signs of 
consumption and physicians gave little hope 
of his recovery. For tlie sake of his health 
he went to Kentucky and after a period of life 



in the open air he regained his health and con- 
tinued well until his last brief illness. At 
Frankfort, Kentucky, he was ordained in the 
Baptist ministry in 1843, ^"d for three years 
afterward devoted himself to missionary work 
in Illinois. During the first year he gave his 
services; thereafter he was pastor of the 
church at Wilmington, continuing, however, 
in his missionary work in that section, preach- 
ing in barns and schoolhouses, often in his 
shirt-sleeves, like the men in his congregation. 
In 1846 he was called to the pastorate of 
Peoria, Illinois, at a salary of $300 a year, 
part of which was paid by the Home Mission 
Society, and he remained there for thirteen 
years, building up one of the strongest 
churches in the state. He was associated with 
others in founding the Baptist newspaper that 
afterward became the Standard; was a 
founder and trustee of the old Chicago Uni- 
versity and an active supporter of Shurtlefif 
College. One Sunday during the summer of 
1859 while on a vacation he preached as a 
supply in the Oliver Street Church of New 
York and he was given a virtually unanimous 
call. After much consideration he finally ac- 
cepted and enjoyed a very successful and 
happy pastorate there. In 1868 he resigned 
as pastor and accepted the presidency of Cro- 
zer Theological Seminary. He continued at 
the head of this institution until his death, 
February 6, 1909. A minute of the board of 
trustees of Crozer perhaps tells the story of 
his life, influence and character better than 
any other words. We quote : 

He came to Crozer at the very beginning of its 
history. For forty years he has been president, 
teacher, friend of the students. He impressed upon 
the seminary his own spirit, devotion to Christ, 
absolute confidence in the Bible, firm faith in experi- 
mental Christianity and loyalty to Baptist principles. 
Able in administration, wise in counsel, faithful to 
his trust in the highest sense, he has done a work 
here which will endure for eternity. In 1907 he was 
elected a member of this Board, and served in this 
capacity until his death. 

But beyond the seminary his power and character 
were felt throughout the land and outside the limits 
of his own denomination. He was revered, loved 
and trusted by his associates in the faculty, by the 
members of this board, by his students, by the whole 
denomination, and by the entire Christian^ public. 
He was easily the foremost man among Northern 
Baptists. 

He probably knew more about the New Testament 
than any man of his generation. He read it from 
beginning to end every month for perhaps forty 
years. He meditated on it night and day. He had a 
most honorable part in preparing the Improved 
Edition of the Bible Union New Testament, and 
believed it to be the best translation in our language. 

He was an incomparable preacher, a tender pastor, 
a friend true as steel. He was marvellous in prayer 
— conmiunion with God seemed as natural to him as 
breathing, yet he had a very lowly view of himself — 



NEW ENGLAND. 



575 



a characteristic of eminent piety. His home life was 
sweet and gracious ; piety was its crowning glory. 
* * * His grandest eulogy is written deeply in 
the hearts of his brethren; his grandest monument is 
the Crozer Theological Seminary and the work it has 
done. 

Dr. Weston received the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from the University of 
Rocliester in 1859; tlie degree of Doctor of 
Laws by Brown University and also by 
Bncknell University, Denison L'niversity and 
the Southwestern University. He was presi- 
dent of the American Baptist Alissionary 
Union, 1872-73, and for many years was an 
active member of the boards of the American 
Baptist Home Mission Society and the Ameri- 
can Baptist Publication Society. He was ed- 
itor of the Baptist Quarterly from i86g to 
1877. He was too modest to publish his ser- 
mons, and a few small pamphlets, a few ar- 
ticles in encyclopedias, mostly unsigned, and 
an exposition of the Gospel of Matthew, pub- 
lished in 1900, are all that he allowed to be 
published. 

His funeral, February 9, 1909, was largely 
attended by students, faculty and citizens and 
memorial addresses were made by Dean Ev- 
ans and Dr. Galley. A joint memorial service 
was held by the faculty of the Seminary and 
the Ministers' Conference of Philadelphia, 
February 22, 1909, at the First Baptist Church 
of Philadelphia. Addresses were made by 
Professor Henry C. Vedder, of Crozer fac- 
ulty; Spenser B. Meeser, D.D., of the alumni, 
and President John Howard Harris, LL.D., of 
Bucknell University. Other clergymen took 
part in the services. A memorial pamphlet 
has been published, including in its contents a 
brief biography, the addresses at the funeral 
and memorial service and the resolutions of 
the board of trustees, the faculty of Crozer, 
the Alumni, the Ministers' Conference, the 
Alissionary Union, the Llome Alission So- 
ciety, the Publication Society, the Bapti.st In- 
stitute, Rochester Seminary, Newton Theo- 
logical Institution, Colgate Theological Sem- 
inary, the Southern Baptist Theological Sem- 
inary, and a tribute written by Rev. Robert 
J. Burdette, published also in the Standard. 

He married (first) in 1845, E'lf'a Cham- 
bers, daughter of Deacon Abraham \'an Me- 
ter, of the Washington Church, Illinois, a sis- 
ter of Rev. William C. Van Meter, who was a 
successful missionary worker at the Five 
Points, New York City. She was born in 
Kentucky. Dr. Weston married (second) in 
1858, Mary Lovett Peters, who died in 1894, a 
daughter of Judge Onslow Peters, of the su- 
preme court of Illinois. 

Children: I. Lucv, born 1846, died iSqC^ : 



married Rev. Lewis W. Munger. 2. Francis 
Edward, mentioned below. 3. Dora, born 
1852 ; now living at Upland, Pennsylvania. 4. 
John Boroughs, born 1854; now living in Du- 
luth, Minnesota : married Annie V'anderlip, of 
New York, and has children : Grace, Mary, 
Henry Griggs, Edith and Elizabeth. 

(VIII) Francis Edward, son of Rev. Dr. 
Henry Griggs Weston, was born at Washing- 
ton, Illinois, November 4, 1848. He graduated 
from the University of Chicago in 1870, with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and has been 
connected with iron and coal companies dur- 
ing the greater portion of his business life. 
His office is at iiri Harrison Building, Phila- 
delphia. He is secretary and trustee of Cro- 
zer Theological Seminary. 



The surname Alapes is very an- 
MAPES cient, and seems to have been of 

Welsh origin. Originally it was 
spelled Map, Mapp or Maps. In the "Index 
of Persons Holding Lands Anterior to Forma- 
tion of Domesday Survey and Record" is the 
name of Alurious Mapesone. of Worcester. 
Godric Mapesone, of Herefordshire, held 
lands from William the Conqueror. When 
the Normans under Griffin and Blein, in 1055, 
"laid waste all Archenfield," Godric Mape- 
sone seems to have taken part in the invasion 
and to have established himself in this border- 
land, founding Goderich, or what is now Good- 
rich Ca.stle in Herefordshire, and he also held 
Hulla in the parish of Walford. Walter 
Mapes. who was doubtless a descendant of 
Godric Mapesone, was born on the border of 
Wales in 1138. He studied at the L'niversity 
of Paris and in the famous schools of Ger- 
ard-Ia-Pucelle. As his parents had rendered 
important service to King Henry, he was re- 
ceived at the English court and he writes of 
conversations with Thomas-a-Becket, who 
later became Archbishop of Canterbury in 
1 162. In 1 173 he was with the court of King 
Henry at Limoges and presided as one of the 
"Judges Ambulant" at the assize in Glouces- 
ter, and he was sent to the court of Louis-le- 
Jeune, King of France, and also to the council 
of Pope Alexander III., of Rome, where he 
was chosen to argue with and examine the 
deputies of the Waldenses. He may have 
been a member of the Lateran council of 1179, 
and he succeeded Geoffrey, the King's illegiti- 
mate son, as canon of St. Paul's, holding at 
the same time the place as preceptor at Lin- 
coln. He was in the court of King Henry IT., 
and was with him at Anjou in 1183, and he 
showed great affection for him. In 1196 he 
was apjjointed archbishop of Oxford. He 
was a remarkably well educated man, a 



576 



NEW ENGLAND. 



scholar, courtier and author, even having a 
reputation as a poet. A production in Latin 
verse written by him was printed by the Cam- 
den Society in 1850, after having lain in manu- 
script for six and a half centuries. 

The arms of the Mapes family is: Quarter- 
ly: I and 4. Sable, four fusils in fesse or; 
2 and 3. Or, two bars nebulee sable. Crest: 
An arm in armour embowed or, holding in the 
gauntlet a spur, argent leathered sable. 

(I) John Mapes, born about 1375, was 
doubtless of the same family as Walter 
Mapes, the archbishop of Oxford. He was of 
Feltham, county Norfolk, England. He mar- 
ried Joice, daughter and heir of John Blount, 
son of Sir Hugh Blount. Children : Robert, 
mentioned below; Thomas. 

(H) Robert, son of John Mapes, was also 
of Feltham. He married Elizabeth Gray. 
Children : John, mentioned below ; William, 
Anna, Elizabeth. 

(HI) John (2), son of Robert Alapes, was 
of Feltham, England. He married Jane Hig- 
ham. Children : Christopher, mentionel be- 
low ; Lienor. 

(IV) Christopher, son of John (2) Mapes, 
was of Feltham. He married Thomazine Pler- 
on. Child: John, mentioned below. 

(V) John (3), son of Christopher Mapes, 
was of Feltham. He married (first) Anna 
Moore, (second) Alice Wolmer. Children by 
first wife: Robert, Elizabeth. Children by 
second wife: Leonard, mentioned below : John, 
Elizabeth. 

(VI) Leonard, son of John (3) A'lapes, was 
of Feltham. He married Catherine, daughter 
of Richard Southwell, of St. Faiths, in county 
Norfolk, England. Children : Francis, men- 
tioned below ; Robert, Thomas, John. Rebecca, 
Elizabeth, Richard. 

(VH) Francis, son of Leonard Mapes, was 
of Rowlesby, county Norfolk, England. He 
was a land surveyor and spent one year in 
V'irginia under Captain John Smith. He mar- 
ried Anna, daughter of Richard Loveday, of 
Norwich, England. Children : Catherine, born 
161 1 : John, 1613, died 1682; Thomas, men- 
tioned below ; Joseph, died 1707. 

(\TII) Thomas, son of Francis Mapes, was 
the immigrant ancestor. He was born in 1628 
and came from county Norfolk about 1649, 
settling in Southold, Long Island, then a part 
of the New Haven Colon)', where he received 
a lot by assignment. He soon bought the ad- 
joining property from Geofifry Esty and John 
Ellen, He was a surveyor and in the town rec- 
ords of 1657, when Calves Neck was ordered 
to be laid out, it states that he offered to make 
the survey for the privilege of having his lot 
on the Neck adjoining his home lots, and from 



that time frequent mention is made of him as 
a surveyor. For many years he was justice 
of the peace and also held several other town 
ofifices. He often served on committees and 
delegations to consult with other towns. At 
one time he had land in the vicinity of South- 
old and Brookhaven amounting to over three 
thousand acres. He died before October 19, 
1687, when the inventory of his estate was 
taken. He married, 1650, Sarah, born in 1630, 
daughter of Captain William and Alice Fur- 
rier. Captain Furrier was an original settler 
of Southold, and had the lot adjoining Thomas 
Mapes' land; he came from Oney, Bucking- 
hamshire, in 1635, with his wife and daugh- 
ters Mary, Sarah and Katherine. William 
Furrier was a deputy from Southold in the 
New Haven general court, sessions of June 
29, 1653, May 28, 1656, May 29, 1661. Chil- 
dren : Thomas, born 165 1 ; Rebecca, 1653 ; Wil- 
liam, 1655: Abigail, 1659; Sarah, 1660; Mary, 
1662; Jabez, 1664; Naomi, 1667; Caroline, 
1668 ; Jonathan, mentioned below. 

(IX) Jonathan, son of Thomas Mapes, was 
born at Southold, Long Island, June 20, 1670. 
Fie was a farmer and does not seem to have 
taken such an interest in public affairs as some 
of his brothers. He was sergeant of the mili- 
tia company in Southold. He owned consid- 
erable real estate. About 171 1 he went with 
other families to Orange county. New York, 
where it is said he purchased a tract of land 
about twelve or fifteen miles from the Hudson 
river and erected a stone house. About 1729 
he returned to Long Island, and died there 
January 4, 1747, aged seventy-six. He mar- 
ried (first) in 1696, Hester, daughter of Cap- 
tain Jonathan Horton, and she died in 1709. 
About 171 1 he married (second) Abigail 

, who died in Orange county in 1724. 

He married (third) after he returned to Long 
Island, in 1733, at the age of sixty-three, Mary 
Terry, aged thirty-two, and she died in 1755. 
Children of first wife: Jonathan, William, 
Bethuel, Benjamin, Lemuel. Children of 
third wife: Samuel, mentioned below: Daniel, 
Thomas. 

(X) Samuel, son of Jonathan Mapes, was 
born at Southold, February 14, 1735. He set- 
tled first in the town of Blooming Grove, Or- 
ange county, where his name is found on the 
revolutionary pledge in 1775. with that of his 
eldest sen, Smitli Mapes. He was a private 
in the Second LHster County Regiment of 
militia, under Colonel James Clinton, father 
of Governor Clinton. In order to provide 
land for his sons he moved from Blooming 
Grove to the place now known as Howell's 
Depot, where he purchased six hundred and 
fortv acres of land, and four of his sons, Enos, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



577 



Samuel, Erastus and Selah, settled around 
him. The place was called Mapestown for a 
time, and many of his descendants still live 
there. Samuel Mapes deeded a plot of his 
land near the site of the present Congregational 
church at Howells for a family cemetery. He 
died in 1820, aged eighty-five. He married 

Mary , when he was about twenty 

years of age. She was born April 8, 1730, 
and survived him five years. He lived in Wal- 
kill. Orange county, New York. Children: 
Smith, born 1756; Samuel, 1759; Enos, men- 
tioned below; Samuel, 1763; Selah, 1765; 
Erastus, 1767; Seth, 1770; Silas H., 1772; 
William, 1774, died 1775; Mary, 1780. 

(XI) Enos, son of Samuel Mapes, was horn 
January 17, 1761, in Blooming Grove. Orange 
county, New York. He moved with his father 
to Howell's Depot and settled there, his farm 
being in sight of the present village. He died 
March 16, 1843, and after his death his farm 
passed out of the family. He married Irene, 
daughter of Captain Isaiah Vail, of the Sec- 
ond Regiment of Ulster County Militia. She 
was born July 19, 1764, died February 15, 
1848. They were both buried in the family 
cemetery at Howells. Children : Nathaniel, 
mentioned below; Miriam, James, born 1787; 
Mary, Abner, John V., Moses, Hila A., Le- 
ona, Isaiah Y., Gabriel B. 

(XII) Nathaniel, son of Enos Mapes, was 
born in Orange county, New York, February 
20, 1784, died in 1852. He was a farmer and 
lived first near Howells Depot. About 1825 
he purchased a farm about a mile from the vil- 
lage of Mt. Hope, Orange county, where he 
built a house and lived until his death. His 
son Isaiah H. inherited his farm. He married 
(first) Elizabeth Miller, born in 1786, died in 
1825. He married (second) Anise Corwin. 
He and his first wife are buried in the family 
cemetery. Children: Sally M., born 1808; 
Samuel A., 1809; Robert M., 1811; William 
Miller, mentioned below; Cecelia, 1817. By 
second wife: Isaiah H., 1829. 

(XIII) William Miller, son of Nathaniel 
Mapes, was born near Howells Depot, Orange 
county. New York, February 17, 1814. He re- 
ceived a public school education at the Mt. 
Hope schools, and became a teacher during 
the winter months, farming in the summer 
months. In 184c he moved to Beaverbrook, 
Sullivan county. New York, where his older 
brother, Robert M. Mapes, lived, and there 
he bought a hundred acres of forest land and 
cleared up one of the best farms in the town- 
ship. He served in various offices, such as 
town school superintendent, commissioner of 
highways and justice of the peace. For a 
time he was deacon of the First Congregational 



Church of Lumberville. His three oldest sons 
and his daughter went to \'enango county, 
Pennsylvania, and in 1870 he sold his farm and 
followed them, remaining there until 1892, 
when he removed to Philadelphia to live with 
his oldest son, remaining until his death, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1897, aged eighty-three. He married 
Mary Thorn when he was twenty-five years 
of age. She was daughter of Thomas and 
Hannah (Bennett) Thorn, of Minisink, Or- 
ange county. New York, and great-grand- 
daughter of Benjamin Bennett, a member of 
Colonel Tusten's regiment of Goshen militia 
in the revolution, killed at the battle of Mini- 
sink, July 22, 1779, along with his commander. 
She was born in 1817, died in 1900. Children: 
I. George Egbert, mentioned below. 2. 
Thomas T., born February, 1841, died in 1890; 
married Mary Jane Fuller. 3. Sarah Jane, 
born in 1842; married Bushnell H. Northrop, 
of \'ermont, and died in 1873. 4. John New- 
ton, born November, 1844; married Emma 
Northrop, and had children : Winnie and Clar- 
ence. 5. William Addison, born in 1859; 
married Sarah Steele and had a son Ira, now 
of Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. 

(XIV) George Egbert, son of William Mil- 
ler Mapes, was born near Middletown, Orange 
county, New York, October 31, 1839. He at- 
tended the public schools of his native town. 
During his youth he worked on a farm and aft- 
erward followed farming in the summer and 
teaching in the winter. He made his home 
with his parents on their farm at Beaver- 
brook, Sullivan county, New York, until he 
was twenty-five years old. In the spring of 
1865 he removed with his wife and only child 
to Venango county. Pennsylvania, and soon aft- 
erward engaged in the coal, feed and grocery 
business in partnership with his brother, 
Thomas T. Mapes, under the firm name of 
Mapes Brothers. In 1876 he was elected to 
represent Venango county in the Pennsylvania 
legislature. In 1878 and again in 1880 he was 
reelected, serving six years in the assembly. 
During his residence at Harrisburg he was cor- 
respondent from the capital for the Oil City 
Derrick and for the Petroleum World. In 
1 881 he became editor and business manager 
of the Petroleum World, published at Titus- 
ville, Pennsylvania. In 1882 he accepted a po- 
sition on the editorial stafif of the Philadelphia 
Times, of which Colonel Alexander K. Mc- 
Clure was publisher. He was connected with 
the Times for nineteen years, and during much 
of that time was political and editorial writer. 
It was his duty to attend most of the state 
and national conventions of both political par- 
ties during that time, and he had a personal 
acquaintance with many of the leading men of 



578 



NEW ENGLAND. 



both parties. After leaving the Tiiiics, Mr. 
Mapes was engaged in special writing for the 
PhUadi-lpliia Noith American, and since 1907 
he has been a special writer on the staff of the 
Philadelphia Record. He has been active in 
public life. Though a sterling Republican in 
national affairs, he has been conspicuousl)' in- 
dependent in municipal politics. In 1890 he 
was chairman of the independent Republican 
state committee of Pennsylvania, and he has 
been secretary ef various independent party 
movements in the state of Pennsylvania and 
city of Philadelphia, organized for the purpose 
of purifying politics and reforming govern- 
ment, such as the Union and Lincoln parties 
and the Keystone party, which won the elec- 
tions of 1910 and 191 1. In 1901 he was 
elected to the Philadelphia city council. Shortly 
after the inauguration of Mayor Rudolph 
Blankenburg in December, 191 1, George E. 
Mapes was appointed chief of the bureau of 
lighting of the city of Philadelphia, his ap- 
pointment dating from January 16, 1912. He 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He has always taken a keen interest 
in the history of the nation, and the compiler 
of the Mapes Genealogy in the W'eygant 
"Family Record" acknowledges his indebted- 
ness to Mr. Mapes for contributions to the 
family history. He wrote a very attractive 
and popular series of articles on "Picturesque 
Pennsylvania" for the newspapers. He is a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society of the 
Sons of the Revolution, of the Colonial Society 
of Pennsylvania and of the New England 
Society of Pennsylvania. 

He married, October 31, 1863, Polly V., 
daughter of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and 
Effie C. ( \'an Tuyl ) Eldred. She was born 
May 23, 1839, in Eldred, Sullivan county, New 
York, a village named for her father. Mr. 
Mapes had one child, Charles Egbert, born in 
Sullivan county, New York, August 8, 1864, 
now living in Philadelphia. He married, Sep- 
tember 25, 1890, Minnie Kramer, of Phila- 
delphia, and they have two daughters, Helen, 
born 1892, and Edith, born 1894. 



The Newhall family in Eng- 
NE\VH.\LL land had estates 'in Wilt- 
shire long before the Refor- 
mation in England, but those coming to .\mer- 
ica in 1630 left few relatives there as the 
name since then has been quite uncommon in 
that country. At one time Oliver Cromwell 
owned the manor of Newhall, which he sold. 

(I) Thomas Newhall, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England and came with his 
brother, Anthony Newhall, to Lynn in 1630. 
He was a farmer and owned all the land on the 



eastern side of Federal street as far north as 
Marion. His house stood on the east side of 
Federal street, south of where the brook 
crosses. In the division of lands in 1630 he 
received thirty acres in Lynn. He died at 
Lynn, May 25, 1674. His will was dated April 
I. 1658, and filed in court, June 3, 1674, be- 
queathing various parcels of real estate to his 
children. He had land at Rumney Marsh, 
Gaines Neck and Lynn. His son Thomas was 
executor. The estate was appraised at one 
hundred and seventy-three pounds, and in- 
cluded "an old dwelling house" with "an old 

barn." He married Mary , who died 

September 25, 1665. Children: Susanna, born 
about 1624: Thomas, mentioned below; John, 
Mary, born about 1637. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Newhall, was born in 1630, the first white 
child born in Lynn. In the March term of 
1663 Thomas Newhall was tried before the 
quarterly court on an action of assault and 
battery for striking the wife of William Long- 
ley. The testimony showed that Goody Long- 
ley attacked Newhall with a broad axe while 
her two daughters threw stones and struck 
Newhall several blows with "a piece of a 
pulle," while Newhall was trying to help run 
a line between land of John Newhall and \\"\\- 
liam Longley. He was buried April i, 1687. 
His executor, John Newhall, filed an inven- 
tory, but the will has not been found. The 
inventory was filed in Sufifolk county, dated 
April 8, 1687, but that too has disappeared. 
His estate was valued at six hundred pounds. 
He was ensign in the military company. His 
homestead adjoined land of Benjamin Potter, 
bounded on the common northerly and on the 
country road highway southerly. He had a 
malt house. He married, December 29, 1652, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Potter. She 
was buried at Lynn. February 22, 1686-87. 
Children, born at Lynn : Thomas, mentioned 
below: John, born February 14, 1655-56: Jo- 
seph, September 22, 1658 : Nathaniel, March 

17, 1660: Elizabeth, March 21, 1662, drowned 
in .\pril, 1665, in a pit near her father's house: 
Elisha, born November 3, 1665: Elizabeth. 
October 22, 1667: Mary, February 18, i66(^; 
Samuel, January 19, 1672: Rebecca, July 17, 

1675- 

(III) Thomas (3), son of Ensign Tliomas 
(2) Newhall, was born in Lynn, November 

18, 1653, died July 3, 1728. About the time of 
his marriage he moved to Maiden and bought 
a farm of sixty acres of Joseph and Ann Hills. 
He was called husbandman and weaver. He 
served in King Philip's war and was a lieuten- 
ant. He was selectman of Maiden in 1700- 
01-02-12. He married, in November, 1674,- 



NEW ENGI.AXD. 



579 



Rebecca Greene, born in 1654, died May 25, 
1726. daughter of Thomas and Rebecca 
(Hills) Greene, of Maiden. Children, born in 
Maiden: Rebecca, 1676. died October 7, 1694: 
Elizabeth, 1678: Thomas, Hannah, Daniel, 
1685; Lydia, April 17, 1687; Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; Martha, Elisha. 

( I\') Samuel, son of Thomas (3) Newhall, 
was born in Maiden, April 26, 1689. died April 
17, 1733. aged forty-three years, according tcj 
the inscription in the Maiden burying ground. 
1 lis willow was made administratrix of his es- 
tate, with Daniel Xewhall, April 23, 1733. She 
presented her account of administration, Au- 
gust 9, 1735. The dower was set otif June 4, 
1736, and the remaining two-thirds went to 
the eldest son, Samuel, who was to pay his 
brothers and sisters their shares. The widow, 
Sarah, died November 17, 1740, and adminis- 
tration on her estate was granted January 19, 
1740-41, to her son, Joseph Xewhall, victual- 
ler. The children were put under guardian- 
ship, July 29, 1734. Ezra, aged one, had Sam- 
uel (ireen, of Maiden, as guardian, and he also 
was the guardian of Aaron, aged three : Jona- 
than, aged si.x ; Thomas, aged ten, and Mary, 
aged thirteen. Thomas Burditt, of Maiden, 
was guardian of Sarah, aged fourteen, and 
Nathan Sergeant, of Boston, of Joseph, aged 
seventeen, and Daniel Newhall, of Samuel, 
aged eighteen. 1 he widow seems to have sold 
the homestead, or part of it. December i, 1736, 
to Thomas Burditt ; it was near the Captain's 
Mount, bounded by the land of Samuel New- 
hall, by a road, and by the land of John Wil- 
son. Lieutenant Samuel Newhall married 
December 3. 1713. Sarah, born in Maiden, 
October 30, 1695, daughter of Joseph and 
Mary (Green) Sergeant. Mary Green was 
daughter of John Green, "of the Hill," who in 
his will, April 11. 1709, witnessed, among 
others, by Samuel Newhall, mentions his 
daughter, Mary Sergeant ; he was son of 
James Green, of "Mistick Side." Joseph, son 
of John and Deborah (Hillier) Sergeant, was 
born in Barnstable, April 18. 1663, died in 
Charlestown or Maiden, November 27, 1717. 
Children; Samuel, born March 2, 1715; Jo- 
seph, December 8, 1716: Sarah, January 16. 
1718-19: Mary, April i, 1721-22; Thomas, 
March 3, 1723-24: David, October 15, 1726, 
died December 23, 1726: Jonathan, July 10, 
1728, died June 8, 1737: .Aaron, 1730; E.zra, 
luentioned below. 

(\') Ezra, son of Lieutenant Samuel New- 
hall, was born in Maiden, May i, 1733, died at 
Salem, Massachusetts, April 5. 1798. He 
served in the old French war, and received 
his commission, February 20, 1760, as ensign 
in Colonel Timothy Ruggles' regiment, in 



which his brother Joseph was a captain. He 
also served in the revolution. At the out- 
break he commanded a company of "minute 
men" who marched from Lynn on the alarm 
of April 19, 1775 ; it is said that he was the 
bearer of the message to Colonel Pickering 
concerning the movement of the British 
tijward Lexington. He was senior captain 
in Colonel Mansfield's regiment which was 
stationed most of the time at Winter Hill, 
being present at the evacuation of Boston. He 
was promoted to the rank of major, and May 
I"' "^m' he was commissioned a lieutenant- 
ccilonel in the Fifth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Continentals, under Colonel Rufus Putnam, 
and he served in the campaign which brought 
about the surrender of Burgoyne. ffe also 
fought at Trenton and Princeton and in other 
battles. He wintered with the army at Valley 
Forge, and later was stationed in and abotit 
West Point with General Heath's army until 
the end of the war. After the war he lived 
in Salem, in the house of Dr. James Newhall. 
Before the war he had lived in Lynn. He was 
appointed collector of internal revenue by 
President Washington, and he held this posi- 
tion tuitil his death. On April 10, 1798, the 
Salem Gazette printed the following: 

"Col. Ezra Newhall, 66. He served his 
country in the late war with fidelity and hon- 
our; and in civil and domestic life the char- 
acter of an honest man. faithful friend, ten- 
der husband and kind parent was conspicuous 
in him. Society suffers a real loss by his 
death." He married (first), April 10, 1755, 
Sarah, born in Lynn, July 27, 1737, died May 
4, 1777. daughter of Joseph and Eunice (Pot- 
ter) Fuller, of Lynn. He married (second). 
May 8, 1781, Alice Gray, widow, born in Lynn, 
September 22. 1744, died at Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts, February 9, 1833, daughter of Na- 
than and Mary (Bassett) Breed. Children of 
first wife: Thomas, born October 23, 1756; 
Mercy, September 4, 1757; Lydia, March 6, 
1760; Samuel, March 6, 1762; Sarah, July, 
1765; Joseph, March 7. 1769; Albert, M'arch 
iS, 1772; (jilbert, mentioned below. Child of 
second wife: Joanna, March 19, 1784. 

( \T ) Gilbert, son of Ezra Newhall, was 
born at Salem, October 10, 1775. He mar- 
ried. r)ctober 7, 1800, Elizabeth Synionds. 
They lived at Salem. Among their children 
was Thomas Albert, mentioned below. 

(\TT) Thomas Albert, son of Gilbert New- 
hall, was born at Salem in 1814, died in 1892. 
He was a merchant and shipping merchant 
and part owner in many ships sailing to Liver- 
pool and South America from Philadelphia. 
Fie married, June 7, 1837, Jane Sarah Cu=h- 
man, born April i, 1817. in Portland, Maine, 



58o 



XEW ENGLAND. 



died March 25, 1907, daughter of Bezaletl 
Cnshman (see Cushman VII). Children: Gil- 
bert Henry, born May 31, 1838; Frederick 
Cushman, February 11, 1840; Walter Sy- 
monds, October 31, 1841 ; Harrison Lincoln. 
August 5, 1843; George Morgan, June 22, 
1845; Charles Allerton, March 3, 1847; Dan- 
iel Smith, mentioned below ; Thomas Albert, 
October 28, 1850 : Robert Stuart, September 
16, 1852; Arthur AUibone, April 18, 1854. 

(VIII) Daniel Smith, son of Thomas Al- 
bert Newhall, was born April 7, 1849, ^t Ger- 
mantown (Philadelphia). He was educated 
in private schools. He engaged in the sugar 
refining business when a young man, and con- 
tinued until 1882. He was elected assistant 
secretary of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany, February 21, 1882, and filled that office 
until June, 1898, when he became purchasing 
agent of the company with headquarters at 
Broad Street Station, Philadelphia, a position 
he has occupied to the present time. He is a 
member of the New England Society of Phila- 
delphia, of the Germantown Cricket Club, the 
Pennsylvania Historical Society and of the 
Pennsylvania Society Sons of the Revolution. 
His home is at Strafford, Chester county, 
Pennsylvania. It national politics he is a Re- 
publican, in religion an Episcopalian. He 
married, September 5, 1872, Eleanor Mercer 
Moss, born in Philadelphia, July 18, 1849. 
died June i, 1908, daughter of John Moss, of 
Philadelphia. Children: i. Karoline Nixon, 
born at Philadelphia, June i, 1873, died Sep- 
tember 21, 1909; married George Emlen Starr. 
2. Thomas, born in Philadelphia, October 17, 
1876; married Honora Guest Blackwell, of 
Baltimore, Maryland ; children : Thomas Aller- 
ton, born June 28, 1900; Blackwell and Camp- 
bell, twins, born October 19, 1901, at Balti- 
more; Daniel Smith, born at Baltimore, April 
7, 1903 ; Charles Mercer, born at Philadelphia, 
June 3, 1908. 3. Marian, born August 13, 
1880, at Philadelphia; married George Quint- 
ard Horwitz, of Philadelphia ; children : Caro- 
line Norris, who died August 25, 1906, and 
Orville, born at Philadelphia, November 20, 
1909. 4. Daniel Allerton. born at Radnor, 
December 3, 1884; married, May 8, 191 1, El- 
len Brown Godfrey, of Philadelphia; child: 
Eleanor, born at Berwind, West Virginia, 
March 25, 1912. 5. Eleanor, born at Straf- 
ford, Chester countv, Pennsylvania, Decem- 
ber 6, 1886. 

(The Cushman Line). 

(I) Robert Cushman, ancestor of all the 
Cushmans in America, was born in England 
between the years 1580 and 1585. In his re- 
ligious opinions he was a Nonconformist, or 



Puritan, and was one of the original band of 
Pilgrims, who for the sake of reHgious liberty 
left England and settled in Leyden, Holland. 
Nothing further is known of him until 1617. 
when he was selected, with John Carver, as 
agent of the Pilgrims, to go to London and 
negotiate with the Virginia Company and the 
King for leave to settle in America and "have 
liberty of conscience there." The latter con- 
cession the two agents were unable to obtain, 
and as a result made a second trip to London, 
in December of the same year, only to meet 
with the same disappointment. Finally, in 
1619, Mr. Cushman, with William Brewster, 
made a third journey to London, in the same 
capacity, and succeeded in obtaining a patent 
from the King, and in making an agreement 
whereby they were supplied with capital with 
which to emigrate. The success of this enter- 
prise is said to have been due in a large meas- 
ure to the skill, diplomacy and perseverance 
of Robert Cushman. When the "Mayflower" 
and the "Speedwell" set out in 1620, ]\Ir. 
Cushman, with his son Thomas, was among 
the passengers of the latter, and was left be- 
hind in London, as their leader, when the ship 
was disabled. He sailed for New England 
finally in 1621, in the "Fortune," the second 
ship that carried over emigrants, but remained 
there only a short time, as it was the wish of 
Governor Bradford that he should return to 
London and continue as the agent of the Pil- 
grims there. In the course of his stay, how- 
ever, he delivered a discourse to the colonists, 
December 12, 1621, which from its ability and 
the fact that it was the first sermon delivered 
in New England that was published, has be- 
come quite noted. It was first published in 
London in 1622, and in 1624 in Boston, but 
without his name. He left for England in 
the "Fortune," December 13, 1621, leaving 
his son, then fourteen years old, to be brought 
up in the family of Governor Bradford. He 
continued his faithful friend and agent of the 
colony and was in frequent correspondence 
with the governor and other prominent mem- 
bers of the community as to its welfare. The 
exact date of his death is not known, but it 
is supposed to have been in January or Feb- 
ruary, 1625. He left an only son, Thomas, 
mentioned below. 

(II) Thomas, son of Robert Cushman. was 
born in England in February, 1608, and came 
to .A.merica with his father in the ship "For- 
tune," which sailed from London, July, 1621. 
and landed at Plymouth in November of the 
same year. He was brought up in the family 
of his father's particular friend. Governor 
Bradford. On January i, 1633, he was ad- 
mitted a freeman and at this time is believed 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



S8i 



to have been twenty-five or six years old. In 
1636 he first served as juryman. In 1637 it 
is supposed that he moved to Jones River, 
now Kingston, where he received a grant of 
land. He became ruling elder of the church 
at Plymouth in 1649 antl continued in that of- 
fice until his death. He married, about 1635 
or 1636, Alary, third child of Isaac Allerton. 
She came over in the "Mayflower," at the age 
of eleven, and was the last survivor of its 
passengers. She survived her husband seven 
or eight years, and was probably buried in the 
Burying Hill cemetery at Plymouth. He died 
December 1 1, 1691, and was buried in the same 
place, where his gravestone can still be seen. 
Children: Thomas, mentioned below; Sarah, 
Lydia, Isaac, born at Plymouth, February 8, 
1647-48; Elkanah, June i, 1651 ; Feare, June 
20, 1653, died young ; Eleazer, February 20, 
1656-57; Mary. 

(III) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Cushman, was born September 16. 1637. died 
August 23, 1726, in Plympton. He married 
(first), November 17, 1664, Ruth, daughter 
of John Howland. "one of the old comers." 
She was living when her father's will was 
made May 29, 1672; her husband married 
(second) Abigail Fuller, of Rehoboth, Octo- 
ber 16, 1679, so she must have died between 
1672 and 1679. He and his second wife were 
members of the church at Plympton. Cliildren : 
Robert, born October 4, 1664: Job, probably 
about 1680: Bartholomew: Samuel. July 16. 
1684; Benjamin, mentioned below. 

(IV) Benjamin, son of Thomas (2) Cush- 
man, was born in 169 1, baptized March i, 
1691, died at Plympton, October 17, 1770. He 
and both of his wives were members of the 
church at Plympton. He lived on a part of his 
father's farm. He married (first), January 8, 
1 71 2, Sarah Eaton, who died at Plympton, and 
he married (second) Widow Sarah Bell, 
March 14, 1738-39. Children by first wife: 
Jabez, born August 11, 1713; Caleb, men- 
tioned below: Solomon, September 9. 1717; 
Jerusha, December 7, 1719, died young; I3en- 
jamin. May 25, 1722; Sarah, September 26, 
1725; Abigail, November 22, 1727; Thomas, 
October 11, 1730; Jerusha, October 18, 1732; 
Huldah, April 6, 1735. 

(V) Caleb, son of Benjamin Cushman. was 
born May 15, 17 15. He moved from Ply- 
mouth to Carver, Alassachusetts. On July 4, 
1742, he was received to full communion in 
the church at Plympton. He married, Novem- 
ber II, 1742, Sarah Barrows. Children: 
Sarah, born November 12, 1743; Hannah, 
January 15, 1745-46; Isaac, at Plymouth. June 
13, 1748; Gideon, November 21, 1750. at 



Plympton; Benjamin, January 8, 1753; Caleb, 
mentioned below ; Huldah. 

(VI) Caleb (2), son of Caleb (i) Cush- 
man, was born in July, 1757, died January 17, 
1835. He lived at Hebron, then Shepards- 
field, Maine, and with his brother Gideon 
was among the first settlers there. He married, 

1784, Charlotte Packard, who died Septem- 
ber 20, 1820. Children: Bezaleel, mentioned 
below; Olive, born May 29, 1787; Jesse, June 
8, 1789: Caleb, April 26, 1791 ; Huldah. April 
26, 1793; Reuben, January 8, 1795; Mary, 
January 18, 1797; Sarah. January 4. 1800; 
Ansel, January 6, 1802; Austin W., May 21, 
1804; Charlotte, April 2, 1806; Claramond, 
May 6, 1809; Florella, August 12. 1812. 

(VII) Bezaleel, son of Caleb (2) Cushman, 
was born in Hebron, Maine. September 13, 

1785. An academy was opened in 1804 in the 
town, which was settled in 1780. When he was 
.sixteen years old he began to teach. In 1802 
he was at Rochester Academy, Massachusetts, 
for six months. He taught in the district 
schools of Minot, Hebron. Nobleboro and 
Waldoboro until 1808, when with the prepara- 
tion he had made for himself, and forty-five 
dollars, he entered Dartmouth College as a 
sophomore. During vacations he taught at 
Paris, Hebron, Fryeburg and Bridgton. He 
was graduated from college in 181 1, and then 
took charge of Bridgton Academy, which he 
left in 181 5 to be superintendent of the Port- 
land Academy, where he remained for twenty- 
six years. He often made addresses in public 
during his years of teaching; in 1813 he gave 
an address at Fryeburg Academy on "History 
in its Lessons to Republics." and he gave the 
same at Hebron Academy. On other occasions 
also he gave addresses at other schools. He 
resigned from Portland Academy in 1841, and 
was appointed by President Harrison as sur- 
veyor for the district of Portland and Fal- 
mouth, and continued in office until Tyler's 
administration : he was re-appointed by Gen- 
eral Taylor in 1849, continuing until Presi- 
dent Pierce's administration. In 1845 he was 
appointed clerk of the board at the first meet- 
ing of the board of directors of the Atlantic 
and St. Lawrence Railroad Company. In 1827 
he joined Dr. Nichol's (L^nitarian) church in 
Portland, and in 1848 was chosen deacon ; his 
first wife was a member of this church, and 
his second wife was a member of the Episcopal 
church before marriage. 

He married (first), February 4, 1816, 
Lydia Jane, daughter of Henry and Sarah 
(Archer) Rust; she died April 14, 1827. He 
married (second). September 13, 1830. Emma, 
adopted daughter of Thomas Motley, of Port- 



582 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



land. Children: Jane Sarah, born April i, 
1817, marrieil Thomas A. Newhall (see Xew- 
hall VII j; Henry Rust, November 11, 1818: 
Frederick Augustus, December 29, 1820; Em- 
ma De Longueville, August 17, 1823; Charles 
William, July 25, 1831 ; Edward George, 
March 29, 1833: Thomas Albert, February 12, 
1835. 



This surname was written 
MUZZEY Muzzy, Mussey, :\Iusse, Muse 

and Mussel, in the early rec- 
ords. The first of the name was Esther, who 
was settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, as 
early as 1633, and two years later is on record 
as owner of a house on the westerly side of 
Holyoke street, Cambridge, where the print- 
ing house now stands. In 1635 she married 
William Ruskow (Roscoe), and soon after- 
ward removed to Hartford, Connecticut. 

(I) Benjamin Muzzey, immigrant ances- 
tor, was doubtless related to Esther. He 
lived at Maiden and Rumney Marsh, Massa- 
chusetts, settling finally in Cambridge. In 
1678 he bought a lot of fifteen acres in Charles- 
town, Massachusetts, selling it again in 1682. 
In 1680 he bought two hundred and fifty acres 
m Billerica, Massachusetts. He was then liv- 
ing at Rumney Marsh. He died before Jan- 
uary 26, 1696-97. Some authorities give him 
as the son of Robert Muzzy, of Ipswich, Mas- 
sachusetts, who was one of the first settlers of 
that town and was admitted a freeman, Sep- 
tember 3, 1634. Robert mentions his son Ben- 
jamin in his will, dated January 5, 1642, and 
March 18, 1643-44, proved May 16, 1644. His 

second wife, Bridget, married Row- 

landson. The other children mentioned in the 
will are: Mary, Joseph and Ellen. Perhaps 
Esther was widow of Benjamin's brother : 
perhaps daughter. Children: Benjamin, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, born March i, 1658-59; 
Richard, Sarah, married John Waite. 

(II) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i) 
Muzzey, was born in Maiden, April 16, 1657. 
He was of Rumney Marsh (Chelsea) in 1675 
when he was a trooper in King Philip's war. 
He moved to Cambridge before 1681, and in 
1693 he bought two hundred and six acres of 
land of Edward Pelham, of Rhode Island, at 
the Farms (Lexington), where he subsequent- 
ly resided and where his descendants live to 
this day. He was one of the largest taxpayers 
after 1693 in the Farms or North Precinct ; 
was one of the subscribers to the meeting- 
house fund in 1692. He owned much land in 
the center of the town. In 1693 he was on a 
committee with David Fiske Sr. and Samuel 
Stone Sr. and others to negotiate with Cam- 
bridge for the purchase of a tract of land for 



the support of the ministry. He was consta- 
ble in 1694, assessor in 1700, tythingman in 
1716. In 1711 he sold to the inhabitants of the 
district two acres of land for a village com- 
mon and site for the meeting-house. He and 
his sons John and Richard also contributed to 
the fund raised to buy the common. He resided 
on or near the site of the Rufus Merriam 
House. Here was opened the first public 
house in the place, his son John being licensed 
for that purpose in 1714. He died May 12. 
1732, possessed of a large landed property. 
The inventor}' mentions his mansion house, 
barn, cider mill and homestead of one hundred 
and eleven acres. Among other articles ap- 
praised were three slaves, a man valued at 
eighty pounds, and a woman and child at 

sixty. He married (first) Sarah , who 

died in Lexington, January 28, 17 10, aged 

fifty. He married (second) Jane . 

Children: Mary, born July 13, 1683; John, 
1685; Iknjamin, February 20, 1689; Richard, 
drowned in 1719; Amos, mentioned below; 
Bethia, born 1701, baptized in June; Thomas, 
baptized September i, 1706. 

(Ill) Amos, son of Benjamin (2) Muzzey, 
was born in Lexington and baptized there Jan- 
uary 7, 1700, died June 26, 1752. Amos Muz- 
zey had a large estate for the times. He also 
owned a man and woman slave, the former 
valued at three hundred and fifty pounds, the 
latter at one hundred pounds. His mansion 
house was on the spot where David W. Muz- 
zey's home is situated, and the land extended 
down upon Waltham street to what is now 
called Grapevine Corner. He also owned land 
in Woburn and Townsend. He was assessor 
in 1744 and selectman in 1750. He marrietl, 
September 26, 1734, Esther, daughter of Sam- 
uel and Esther Green. His widow, probably 
a second wife, married (second), March 4, 
1758, Thomas Prentice, Esq., of Xewton. 
Children: Esther, born July 11, 1735: Sarah, 
March 30, 1737: Amos jr., June 7, 1739, died 
July, 1740; Amos, mentioned below; William. 
July 31. 1743; Samuel, July 12, 1745, died Au- 
gust 23, 1747; Bethiali, September 8, 1749; 
Benjamin, January 25, 1752, graduate of Har- 
vard, 1774, chaplain of the privateer "Hero 
Revenge" in the revolution, lost at sea, sailing 
from Boston last in September, 1777. 

(I\') Amos (2), son of Amos (i) Muzzey, 
was born in Lexington, Massachusetts, May 
24, 1 741, died December 10, 1822. His tomb 
at Lexington is inscribed : "The northwest cor- 
ner of this tomb is reserved for Mr. Amos 
Muzzey and wives, and no other corpse to be 
laid there." He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion in the battle of Lexington, April 19, 
1775 ; also in a detachment from the Lexing- 




Jy^U^W.M 



\EW ENGF.AXD. 



5!^3 



ton militia company commanded by Jolin 
Bridge at Cambridge the following month by 
order of the committee of safety. He was 
five months at Saratoga and three months at 
Cambridge in 1778. He married (first), No- 
vember 29, 1764, Abigail Bowers, of Billerica. 
They were admitted to the Lexington church, 
June 26. 1766. She died March 15. 1803, aged 
fifty-eight. He married (second), December 
25, 1806. Abigail Smith, widow of Captain 
Joseph Smith. She died February 18, 1814, 
aged sixty-three. Children, born at Lexington : 
Amos. April 19, 1766: Josiah, baptized No- 
vember 7, 1767, died November 2(), 1767; Abi- 
gail, born May 25, 1769: William, mentioned 
below. 

(A') Rev. \\'illiam Muzzey, son of Amos 
( 2 ) Muzzey, was born at Lexington, May 25, 
1771, died there, April 16, 1835. He attended 
the schools of his native town and was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in the class of 
1793. He then studied theology under the in- 
.struction of Rev. Jonas Clark, of Lexington. 
He accepted a call to the pastorate of the Con- 
gregational church at Sullivan, New Hamp- 
shire, and was ordained there February 17, 
1798. He was an able, scholarly man, well 
fitted for the important duties of the ministry. 
Rev. Jonas Clarke preached the ordination ser- 
mon. Mr. Muzzey had a happy and success- 
ful pastorate and left at the end of his service 
in the church and community with the best and 
kindest wishes of his people and townsmen. 
He was zealous in his work, faithful and effi- 
cient as a pastor, genial, polite and uniformly 
kind and courteous. He was dismissed at his 
own request. May 22, 1827. At the time of 
his call he was given $200 as a settlement, ex- 
pendeil in building, and his annual salary was 
S65. with a small increase afterward. After 
his resignation he returned to his native town. 
He married, September 20, 1798, Anna, daugh- 
ter of Colonel William Munroe (see Munroe 
I\'). She died at Lexington in 1850, aged 
seventy-eight years. Among his children was 
W illiam Mvmroe, mentioned below ; Emily, 
wild died unmarried aged ninety-one: Abby 
Ann. married Deacon William Brigham. 

( \'l ) William Munroe. son of Rev. William 
Muzzey, was born in Sullivan, New Hamp- 
shire, June 30, 1805, died September 18, 1881. 
He was educated in Sullivan. He became a 
well-known and successful business man of 
Philadelphia, and was a director of the Girard 
Bank of that city. He married, July 8, 1841, 
Mary Morton, born in Bristol, Rhode Island, 
July'25, 1825, died May 20, 1874, daughter of 
Charles and Lucy (Thompson) Shaw. Her 
father, who was a deacon in the Baptist church, 
•died July 21, 1851, and her mother, October 



19. 1871. Lucy Thompson was a daughter of 
Solomon and Lydia (Mindick) Thompson. 
Lydia Mindick was a daughter of John and 
Sarah (Sampson) Mindick. John Mindick 
died September 17, 1798. Sarah Sampson was 
a daughter of Ephraim and Abigail (Howell) 
Sampson : Abigail Sampson died January 26, 
1793. Ephraim Sampson was a son of Isaac 
and Lydia (Standish) Sampson. Isaac 
Sampson died in 1726. Lydia Standish was a 
daughter of Alexander and Sarah (Alden) 
Standish (see Standish II). Children of Wil- 
liam Munroe and Mary Morton ( Shaw ) Muz- 
zey: I. Charles W'illiam, born July 2-], 1842, 
in Philadelphia, died May 6, 1847. 2. Henrv 
Munroe. born in Philadelphia, March 29, 
1S44, died January 25, 1849. 3. Frank \Vood, 
mentioned below 4. Mary Morton, born in 
Pliiladclphia. Septeinber 5, 1849: married, No- 
vember 19, 1881, Joseph Leedom : child, Ed- 
mund Conover Leedom, born September 11, 
1882. 5. Ella Caroline, born in Philadelphia. 
July 5, 1853: married, March 4, 1875, Dr. 
Edward Franklin Howe : children : William 
Muzzey Howe, born March 29, 1876; Edward 
Franklin Howe Jr., born February 5, 1878, 
died June 22, 1899: William Muzzey Howe, 
married, February 17, 1898. Elizabeth Black, 
of Chester, Pennsylvania, and had William 
Muzzey Howe Jr. and John Black Howe. 6. 
Louise C, born at Germantown, Pennsylvania, 
November 24, 1855: married, April 5, 1882. 
Milton Powell : children : Dr. Ella Louise Pow- 
ell, born August 22, 1883, a physician, married 
Dr. William McLean, December 28, 1908; 
children : John Milton McLean, born October 
31, 1909: William Henry McLean, April 16, 
1911: ]\Iunroe ^fuzzev Powell, born Januarv 
12, 1885: Lulu Powelf, born April 24, 1888. ' 
(VII) Frank Wood, son of William Mun- 
roe Muzzey, was born in Philadelphia, May 3, 
1846. He received his early education in the 
Friends School at Fifteenth and Race streets, 
Philadelphia, and at Bryant & Stratton's Busi- 
ness College, of which he is a graduate. He 
became a manufacturer of paper and built a 
paper mill at Shepherdstown, West Virginia. 
From 1870 to 1877 he was junior partner in 
the firm of Ashton, \\'alker & Company, paper 
manufacturers. He retired from active busi- 
ness on account of ill health, and for some 
years resided in California. \\'hile living at 
Shepherdstown he was vestryman of Trinity 
Protestant Episcopal Church. He is a mem- 
ber of the New England Society of Philadel- 
phia. He is active in charitable and philan- 
thropic work, and is a life member of the Phil- 
adelphia City Institute, of which he has been 
secretary for twenty years: life member of the 
Young Men's Christian Association of Phila- 



584 



NEW EN(^LAND. 



delpliia ; member of the Philadelphia Society 
of Organized Charities and secretary of the 
Eighth Ward branch of this society; a com- 
municant of Holy Trinity Protestant Episco- 
pal Church pf Philadelphia and member of St. 
Andrews Society of that city. In politics he is 
a Republican. 

He married, April ii, 1882, Mary Virginia 
Schley, born September 28, 1854, at Shep- 
herdstown, West Virginia, daughter of John 
Edward Schley, a cousin of the late Admiral 
Winfield Scott Schley, who became famous 
during the Spanish-American war. Her 
mother was Mary Virginia (Towner) Schley, 
a daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Har- 
ris) Towner, of \'irginia, granddaughter of 
Sarah Marie Worrell, who was a daughter of 
Dr. Edward and Elizabeth Hanson (Frisby) 
Worrell. Major Henry Schley, grandfather 
of Mrs. Muzzey, was at the battle of North 
Point in the war of 181 2. He was a son of 
John and Mary (Schriver) Schley. Children: 
of Mr. and Mrs. Muzzey: i. Frank Schley, 
born in Philadelphia, March 17, 1883; educat- 
ed there in private schools and graduate of 
Harvard University ; now in manufacturing 
business in Philadelphia ; married, June 2, 
1909, Eleanor (Bering) Mills. 2. Marie Ella, 
born in Philadelphia, November 3, 1884, died 
October 10, 1910; educated at Miss Hill's 
School, Philadelphia, and at Bryn Mawr Col- 
lege. 3. ^Vi!liam Munroe, born in Philadel- 
phia, February 15, i888; graduate of Prince- 
ton College, class of 191 1 (A. B.), now a law- 
student in the University of Pennsylvania. 4. 
Florence Washington, born at Shepherdstown, 
September 14. 1895. 

(The Munroe Line). 

(H) Ensign William (2) Monroe or Mun- 
roe, son of William (i) Munroe (q. v.), was 
born at Lexington, October 10, 1669. He lived 
in Lexington. He was an officer in the colo- 
nial militia, known as "Ensign Roe," and in 
1708 he was constable of the township. In 
1724-30-34-35 he was assessor. He married 
(first) Mary, daughter of Lieutenant Thomas 
Cutler. He married (second) Joanna, daugh- 
ter of Philip Russel. Children, born at Lex- 
ington, of first wife: Mary, April 3, 1699: Ab- 
igail. June 29, 1 701 : William, mentioned be- 
low ; Thomas, March or May 19, 1706; David, 
September 28, 1708; Ruth. March 16, 171 1. 
Children of second wife: Philip, February 25, 
1717; Joanna, October 21. 1726. 

(HI) William (3). son of Ensign William 
(2) Munroe. was born December 19, 1703, 
died .-Xugust 18. 1747. He married, June 3, 
1733, Sarah, daughter f)f Ensign John JVfason. 
Cliildren : lulminid, William, mentioned be- 



low : Nehemiah, born July I, 1747; Sarah, 
married, December 2, 1762, William Tidd, of 
Lexington; Catherine, November 22, 1764; 
Abigail, married Daniel Spooner, of Hartland, 
\'erniont, lieutenant in the revolution. 

(IV) Colonel William (4) Munroe, son of 
William (3) Munroe, was born October 28, 

1742. He served in the revolution as orderly- 
sergeant in Captain Parker's company at the 
battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775, and com- 
manded the guard posted at the house of the 
Rev. Jonas Clarke on the night of April 18, to 
protect John Hancock and Samuel Adams, 
whom the British wished to capture. On the 
morning of the nineteenth he paraded the sev- 
enty "Minute-men" on Lexington Common in 
front of the eight hundred British troops sent 
out under Major Pitcairn. At the taking of 
Burgoyne in 1777 he held the rank of lieuten- 
ant. He was prominent in Lexington, being 
selectman for nine years, and representative in 
the general court of Massachusetts for two 
years. He was a colonel of militia and took 
part in the march to Springfield in Shay's Re- 
bellion. He was the proprietor of the famous 
"Munroe Tavern" where the British soldiers 
feasted and committed many outrages on the 
nineteenth of April, and where they shot down 
in cold blood John Raymond, who was just 
leaving the house. President Washington 
dined at the tavern in 1789. when he visited 
the first battlefield of the revolution. Colonel 
^lunroe married (first) Anna, born March 31, 

1743, died January 2, 1781. daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Anna (Parker) Smith. He married 
(second) Polly Rogers, widow, of Westfield, 
Massachusetts; her first husband was killed at 
the battle of Monmouth. Children of first 
wife: William, born May 28, 1768; Jonas, 
born June 11, 1778; Edmund, October 29, 
1780; Anna, married, September 20, 1798, Rev. 
William Muzzey, who was graduated from 
Harvard University in 1793 (see Muzzey V) ; 
Sarah, married Jonathan Wheelock, of Con- 
cord: Lucinda, died, unmarried, June 2, 1863. 

(The Standish Line). 

(I) Captain Myles Standish, immigrant an- 
cestor, came over in the "Mayflower" in 1620, 
with his wife Rose. He was born in England 
about 1586. He settled first at Plymouth, but 
soon moved among the early settlers of Dux- 
bury across the bay from Plymouth, and the 
hill upon which he built his house and lived the 
reiuainder of his life has been called Captain's 
Hill to this day. He signed the compact and 
hecaiue one of the leading men of the colony. 
In February, 1621, at a general meeting to es- 
tablish military arrangements, he was chosen 
captain. He conducteil all the early expedi- 



NEW ENC.LAXD. 



585 



tions against the Indians and continued in the 
mihtary service of the colony his entire Hfe. 
He commanded the Plymouth troops which 
marched against the Narragansetts in 1645, 
and when hostihties with the Dutch were ap- 
prehended in 1653, he was one of the council 
of war in Plymouth, and was appointed to 
command troops which the council determined 
to raise. He was also prominent in the civil 
affairs of the colony ; was for many years as- 
sistant, or one of the governor's council, and 
when in 1626 it became necessary to send a 
representative to England to represent the col- 
onists in the business arrangements with the 
merchant adventurers, he was selected. He 

married (first) Rose , who came with 

him and died January 29, 1620-21. He mar- 
ried (second) Barbara , before 1627, 

when she and his children, Alexander, Charles 
and John, had shares of cattle with him. His 
will "was dated March 7, 1655, proved May, 
16^7. He desired to be buried near his de- 
ceased daughter Lora and daughter-in-law- 
Mary. He died October 3, 1656. An impos- 
ing monument has been erected on Captain's 
Hill, Duxbury. He is one of the Pilgrim's 
known to every generation in the entire world, 
partly because of his military prominence, the 
first in New England, and partly, especially to 
the present generation, from the poem of 
Longfellow, "The Courtship of Myles Stan- 
dish/' Children: .Alexander, mentioned below: 
Charles, living in 1627; 'John, living in 1627; 
Myles, settled in Boston, died April 5, 1653: 
Lora, Charles. 

(IL) Alexander, son of Captain Myles 
Standish, was made freeman in the colony in 
1648. He was the third town clerk of Dux- 
bury, from 1695 to 1700. He died there in 
1702. and his widow Desire died in 1723. His 
will was dated July 5, 1702, proved August 10, 
1702. He married (first) Sarah, daughter of 
John and Priscilla (Mullins) Alden. He mar- 
ried (second) Desire (Doty) Sherman, daugh- 
ter of Edward Doty and widow first of Israel 
Holmes and second of William Sherman. Chil- 
dren of first wife: Myles, married Experience 
Sherman (or Holmes): Ebenezer, born 1672: 
Lora, married Abraham Sampson, of Dux- 
bury : Lydia, married Isaac Sampson, of 
Plympton (see Muzzey VI) ; Mercy, married 
Caleb Sampson, of Duxbury : Sarah, married 
Benjamin Soule, of Plympton; Elizabeth, 
married Samuel Delano, of Duxbury, Chil- 
dren of second wife: Thomas, born 1687: De- 
sire, i68g; Ichabod, married Phebe Ring (or 
Pring) ; David, killed in Duxbury, by the fall 
of a tree. 



\\'illiam Danforth, first of 
DAXFORTH the name, was of Fram- 
lingham, England, and 
married Isabell . He died 1512. Chil- 
dren : Paul, mentioned below ; James. Reynold, 
buried March 2, 1572; Isabell, Elizabeth. 

(II) Paul, son of William Danforth, mar- 
ried Katheryne . He died 1538. Chil- 
dren : Nicholas, mentioned below ; Thomas, 
Robert, Richard, Isabell, Margaret, Agnes, 
Olive. ■ 

(III) Nicholas, son of Paul Danforth. mar- 
ried Alice . He died 1585. Children: 

Thomas, mentioned below : Anne, Johane, bap- 
tized March 19, 1563, buried January 2, 1578: 
iMargaret, Ehzabeth, baptized January 29, 
1569; Olive, married February 6, 1581, Wil- 
liam Smallage, 

(IV) Thomas, son of Nicholas Danforth, 
married, January 24, 1585, Jane, daughter of 
Thomas Sudbury, of Kellshall, county Suf- 
folk, England, and possibly of his wife Alice. 
She was buried March 21, 1601. Thomas Dan- 
forth made his will April 20, 1620, and it was 
proved September 7, 1621. His son Nicholas 
was executor. Children; Nicholas, baptized 
November 6, 1586, buried February 6, 1588; 
Nicholas, mentioned below: Robert, baptized 
November 16. 1592, buried January 3, 1592- 
93; Robert, ))aptized November 11, 1593; 
Mary, lane. 

(V) "Nicholas (2), son of Thomas Dan- 
fcirth. and the immigrant ancestor, was bap- 
tized in Framlingham, England, March i, 

1589. He married Elizabeth , who was 

biiried in Framlingham, February 22, 1628. 
He was one of the leading men there, and m 
\r,22 wa^ church warden; in 1629 he was a 
niciiiljcr of the "court baron" or "borough leet 
jury." His father and maternal grandfather 
are each styled "yeoman," and were of good 
standing in 'Framlingham. Cotton Mather de- 
scribes 'Nicholas Danforth, the immigrant, as 
"a gentleman of such estate and repute in the 
world that it cost him a considerable sum to 
escape the knighthood which K. Charles I. im- 
posed on all of so much per annum; and of 
such figure and esteem in the church that he 
procured that famous lecture at Framlingham, 
where he had a fine mannour; which lecture 
was kept by Mr. Burroughs and other noted 
ministers in their turn ; to whom, especially to 
Mr. Shepard. he prov'd a Gains, and especially 
when the Laudian fury scotched them." He is 
mentioned in the town records of Cambridge, 
Mas.sachusetts, as a proprietor in 1635, and 
the same year and the following bought sev- 
eral parcel's of land there. He lived on what 



586 



NEW ENGLAND. 



is now Bow street, near Mount Auburn street. 
He was representative to the general court, 
1635. March 3, 1635-36, he was appointed 
with others to set out the boundary of the 
town of Concord, and the following Septem- 
ber that of Roxbury. November 20, 1637, he 
was one of the committee "to take order for a 
college at Newtowne." He was also one of 
eleven men, one to a town, appointed by the 
court, March 12, 1637-38, "to sell wine «S: 
strong water." He died April, 1638. Children, 
all baptized in Framlingham, England : Eliz- 
abeth, August 3. 1619; Mary, May 3, 1621 ; 
Anna, September 3, 1622; Thomas, November 
20, 1623 ; Lydia, May 24, 1625 ; Samuel, Octo- 
ber 17, 1626; Jonathan, of whom further. 

(VI) Jonathan, son of Nicholas (2) Dan- 
forth, was born in Framlingham, England, 
and baptized there, March 2, 1627-28. He 
came to this country with his parents and 
brothers and sisters when a child, and was 
brought up in Cambridge. When a young man 
he became interested in the settlement of Bil- 
lerica, and gave to the enterprise his best plan- 
ning and executive ability. The house which 
he built there was standing until 1878. He 
was a land surveyor and laid out farms, towns, 
highway's, in several towns and counties ; he 
was selectman, town clerk, representative and 
captain of the military company of the town. 
His descriptions in connection with his work 
fill two hundred pages in the Billerica volume 
of land grants, and many of his plots are still 
preserved in the State Archives. 

He married (first), in Boston, November 
22. 1654, Elizabeth, daughter of "Good. Pow- 
ter, deceased," of Billerica. Her father was 
John Poulter, who came from Rayleigh, 
England, about 1651, with wife Mary and 
children John and Elizabeth. His wife sur- 
vived him and married (second) John Par- 
ker, of Woburn, and (third), April 16, 1674, 
Thomas Chamberlain, of Chelmsford. Eliza- 
beth was born in Rayleigh, September i, 1633, 
and died in Billerica, October 7, 1689. He 
married (second), November 17, 1690, Esther, 
daughter of Elder Richard Champney, of 
Cambridge, and widow of Josiah Converse, of 
Woburn. She died April 5, 1713. His will 
was made April 23, 1712, and proved Octo- 
ber 27, 1712. Children: Mary, born January 
29, 1656; Elizabeth, Alay 27, 1657; Jonathan, 
February 18, 1659; John, January 23, 1660, 
died February 7, 1660-61 ; John, February 22, 
died June 4, 1661-62; Lydia. June i, 1664; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Anna, March 8, 
1667-68; Thomas, April 29, died July 31, 
1670; Nicholas. July i, 1671. died March 8. 
1694; Sarah. December 23. 1676. 

(VH) Samuel, son of Jonathan Danforth, 



was born in Billerica, February 5, 1665-66, and 
died there April 19, 1742. He married, Jan- 
uary 8, 1694-95, Hannah, daughter of Simon 
Crosby, born March 30, 1672 ; she survived 
her husband, and married (second) Enoch 
Kidder. Samuel was a land suveyor by occu- 
pation. February 20, 1720, he was engaged by 
the town of Boston to help in the survey of 
the one thousand acre tract near Haverhill 
which had been granted by the colony for the 
use of the Free School of Boston. Children: 
Elizabeth, born November 3, 1695 > Hannah, 
August 20, 1698; Samuel, May 15, 1701 ; Ra- 
chel, August 14, 1703; Lydia, March 26. 1706; 
Abigail. August 19, 1709; Jonathan, men- 
tioned below. 

(VHD Jonathan (2), son of Samuel Dan- 
forth. was born in Billerica. January 11, 1712- 
13, and died September, 1738. He married 
Sarah, daughter of William and Elizabeth 
(French) Manning, born February 8. 171 1, 
died December 11. 1745. He is called husband- 
man by occupation. 

(IX) William, son of Jonathan (2) Dan- 
forth, was born in Billerica, November 7, 
1737, and died in Hartland, Vermont, CJcto- 
ber 17, 1813. He married, January 3, 1760, 
his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Hosley) Danforth, born May 10, 
1736, died in Pomfret, Vermont, March 28, 
1817. They lived in Hartland. Children: 
William, born July 31, 1761 ; Isaac, mentioned 
below; Elizabeth, June 29, 1765; Jonathan, 
baptized March, 1768: Jonathan, born Feb- 
ruary 23, 1769; Samuel, August 31, 1772; 
Burnet, October 2, 1774, died unmarried, Oc- 
tober II, 1813; James, born November 8, 
1776, unmarried; Sally, December 9, 1777, un- 
married; Hosley, December 4, 1779. unmar- 
ried. 

(X) Dr. Isaac Danforth. son of William 
Danforth. was born in Billerica. September 
29. 1763, and died at Barnard, Vermont, May 
28, 185 1. He married, 1788, Persis, daughter 
of General Joseph Baker, of Westboro, Mas- 
sachusetts, born June 15, 1770, died at Pom- 
fret, Vermont, September 9, 1844. He lived 
for many years in Barnard, where he was a 
skillful physician, and a farmer. He was a 
man of exceedingly refined and courteous 
manners, and respected by all who knew him. 
Children: Persis Baker, February i. 1791 ," 
Isaac Emery (twin), January 24, 1793; Bet- 
sey Maria, twin with Isaac Emery, died Au- 
gust 21. 1803; Joseph Baker, mentioned be- 
low; Solon, born January 14. 1800; William 
Cullen. June 30, 1804, died July 22, 1825 ; Al- 
bert Haller. 'born March "2, ' 1808 ; Samuel 
Parkman, December 12. 1810. 

(XI) Honorable Joseph Baker Danforth, 



NEW EXCLAXD. 



387 



son of Dr. Isaac Danforth, was born in Bar- 
nard, Vermont, Xovember 6, 1795, and died 
November 16, 1877. He married, October 17, 
1816, Lavinia, daughter of Benjamin and Su- 
sanna Eastman, born in 1795, died October 12, 
1875. He was judge of probate for Windsor 
county, Vermont, and a member of the state 
legislature. In 1851 he removed to Rock 
Island, Illinois, and was county judge there 
until 1866. He then returned to Vermont, and 
was again much in public office. He was 
greatly respected and trusted by his fellow- 
citizens. Children: Elizabeth Mina, born Sep- 
tember II, 1817: Joseph Baker, August 31, 
1819; Charles Eastman, mentioned below; 
William Cullen, February 9, 1828. 

(XII) Charles Eastman Danforth, son of 
Honorable Joseph Baker Danforth, was born 
July II, 1824, in Barnard, and died July 15, 
"1905. He married, October 14, 1851, Matilda 
M.. daughter of William Henry Kimball Bib- 
by and Ann V. M. ('Boudinot)'Bibby, of .Pat- 
erson. New Jersey, born November 15, 1831. 
Her mother, Ann Boudinot, was the daughter 
of Tobias Boudinot, brother of Elias Boudi- 
not, first president of the Continental Con- 
gress. (See Boudinot). He was a banker in 
New York City. For some years after 1894 
he was president of the Southern Railway 
Construction Company, and resided at Chat- 
tanooga, Tennessee. For many years he was 
a partner in the banking business of Hon. Levi 
P. Morton. 

Children : William Bibby, born at Paterson. 
New Jersey, October 14, 1854; Elizabeth 
Mina, February 8, 1856, married, October 15, 
1885, in New York City, Frank T. Richard- 
son ; Charles Eastman, mentioned below ; Jo- 
sephine Boudinot, September 28, 1871, in Jer- 
sey City. 

(XIII) Charles Eastman Danforth, son of 
Charles Eastman Danforth, was born at Han- 
over, Xew Hampshire, May 3, 1863. He at- 
tended the Military Academy at Burlington. 
In 1 88 1 he started as office boy in the banking 
house of \'anemburgh & Atterbury, and from 
time to time won promotion in that concern. 
He was admitted to the firm in 1903. The firm 
is the oldest in business on Wall street. It was 
organized by William Travers. a well-known 
banker. Mr. Danforth is a member of the Xew 
York Yacht Club, the Union Club, the Xew 
York Athletic Club, the Ardsley Club, the 
Racquet and Tennis Club of Xew York and a 
communicant of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. In politics he is a Republican. 

He married, November 10. 1890, Margaret 
Richardson, born in 1869, daughter of \\"\\- 
liam Richardson. ChiUlren; (Tharles East- 



man, born October, if: 
January 24, 1897. 



Josephine P>., born 



(I) Elias Boudinot, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was a pious French Protestant of Ro- 
chelle, France. After the revocation of the 
Edict of Xantes, with thousands of others he 
left his native land and found refuge in Eng- 
land. In letters-patent March 20, 1686, he 
was one of the French Huguenots made free 
denizens of England. Xot long afterward he 
came to Xew York and engaged in business as 
a merchant and remained there the rest of his 
life. Although his property in France was 
confiscated, he bequeathed it in his will as if 
it were still in his possession, and in two pages 
of the will expressed his hope and prayer that 
his posterity be restored to their old home in 
France. Children : Peter, died before his 
father; Elias, naturalized in England, men- 
tioned below; John, mentioned below; Mary, 
died before her father. 

(II) John, son of Elias Boudinot, settled in 
Antigua. He married and had one daughter. 
He lost his life in a duel resulting from a dis- 
pute over a toast. He maintained that it 
should be "the Church and King," while his 
adversary thought "King and Church" the 
proper order. Although he disarmed his an- 
tagonist and granted him his life, he was 
stabbed in the back as he was picking up his 
cloak, and soon afterward died of the wound. 
The only witness of the duel was an old negro, 
and though the murderer was prosecuted, he 
escaped conviction, but went insane afterward. 

(H) Elias (2), son of Elias (i) Boudinot, 
was born in Rochelle, France, about 1675, and 
died at an advanced age in 1770. He married 
Mary Catherine, daughter of Louis Caree. 
Her sister Catherine married John Pintard, a 
merchant, and her sister Jane married Captain 
Troglon. Both Carees were from France, and 
were in the congregation of Mons. Drelin 
when he preached his last sermon and they are 
mentioned by Dr. Watts in his "Lyric Poems." 
Boudinot settled two tracts in New^ Jersey. 
Children : Elias, mentioned below ; Mary, mar- 
ried Captain John Emmott ; Susannah, mar- 
ried Peter X'ergcreau, goldsmith, of Xew 
York. 

(HI) Elias (3), son of Elias (2) Boudinot, 
was born in Xew York, in 1707, and died July 
4. 1770. The gravestones of Elias and his 
wife are both in good condition in the old 
graveyard at Elizabeth, Xew Jersey, where 
they lived. His epitaph reads, in part: 

This modest stone what few vain niarliles can, 
May truly say here lies an honest man. 



588 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



His wife, Catherine (Williams), died Xo- 
vember I, 1765, aged fifty-one years. Elias 
was designed for the ministry, but on account 
of reverses in family fortunes went to Antigua 
at the age of twenty-one years to engage in 
business, but the danger from earthquakes 
caused him to return to this country and he 
settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Chil- 
dren : John, of Beverwyck ; Annis, married 
Richard Stockton, of Princeton ; Elias, men- 
tioned below ; Hon. Elisha, of Newark ; Mary, 
married Abner Hetfield, of Elizabeth ; I^ewis, 
lost at sea ; others died young. 

(HI) Hon. Elias (4) Boudinot. son of 
Elias ( 3 ) Boudinot, was born in Philadelphia, 
May 2, 1740. He received a common school 
education, and studied law in the office of 
Richard Stockton, who married his sister and 
whose sister he married. He was admitted to 
the bar in New Jersey and rapidly rose to dis- 
tinction. From the beginnings of the troubles 
between the colony and England. Boudinot 
was an ardent patriot. In 1777 he was ap- 
pointed by congress as commissary-general of 
prisons, and in the same year was elected dele- 
gate to the Continental Congress, becoming 
president of that body in November, 1782, and 
it became his duty in the course of events to 
sign the Treaty of Peace with Great Britain. 
At the close of the war he returned to the 
practice of law, and in 1789. under the new 
federal constitution, he was again elected to 
congress and remained a member of that body 
for the next six years. In 1796 Mr. Boudinot 
was appointed by President Washington di- 
rector of the United States mint in place of 
Rittenhouse, deceased, and he remained in this 
office until 1805, when he resigned and set- 
tled at Burlington, New Jerse)-. His wife 
died in 1808. 

In 1812 he was elected a member of the 
American Board of Commissioners of For- 
eign Missions, and he gave to that organiza- 
tion a hundred pounds ; but he is best remem- 
bered for his interest in the American Bible 
Society, of which he was the first president. 
This society was organized in New York in 
May, 1826, there being at that time about sixty 
local Bible Societies, delegates from thirty-five 
of which came to the metropolis to form the 
greater organization. The first Bible Society 
in the United States was instituted at Phila- 
delphia in 1808, the second at Hartford, the 
third at Boston, the fourth at Princeton, New 
Jersey, all in 1809. The American Bible So- 
ciety was incorporated in 1841, and in 1852 
the present building was erected in New York. 
The history of this organization is one of 
whicli every American Christian is ]:)roud, and 
it has lield its jilace as one of the great pub- 



lishing houses of the world. Mr. Boudinot 
gave $10,000 to the society at its organization. 
At that time this sum was a princely gift for 
an individual, and to this benefaction he added 
a generous contribution to the building fund. 
All of his later days were spent in the study 
of Biblical literature and in charitable work. 
He was a trustee of Princeton College, where 
he founded in 1805 the Cabinet of Xatural 
History at a cost of $3,000. In 1818 three 
boys of the Cherokee tribe of Indians were 
brought to the foreign mission school at Phila- 
delphia, and Mr. Boudinot permitted one of 
them to take his name, being keenly interested 
in the amelioration of the Indian people. This 
boy had a romantic and tragic history. He be- 
came an influential chief of his tribe, and June 
10, 1839, was murdered by another Indian. 
Elias Boudinot did much to help the educa- 
tion of deaf mutes and to assist in the educa- 
tion of young men for the ministry. In his 
will. he bequeathed his estate, which was very 
large, to various charities. He published a 
number of books, including: "The Age of 
Revelation," in 1790, a reply to Paine's "Age 
of Reason ;" an "Oration before the Society of 
the Cincinnati," in 1793; "Second Advent of 
the Messiah" (Trenton. 1815); "Star in the 
A\'est, or an Attempt to Discover the Long- 
Lost Tribes of Israel" (1816). In this latter 
work he seeks to prove that the Indians are the 
lost tribes. He died at Burlington, Xew Jer- 
sey, October 24, 1821. 



The name Clarke is derived 
CLARKE from the Latin word, "cleri- 
cus," meaning a priest, or one 
connected with the service of the church. At 
first the name was used to designate those in 
clerical orders, but was later given to all who 
were able to read and write. 

( I ) Jeremiah Clarke, the immigrant ances- 
tor of the Newport branch, came to America 
before 1638, and in the latter year was admit- 
ted an inhabitant of the island of Aquidneck, 
later Xewport. Rhode Island. He and eight 
others signed a compact at Portsmouth, April 
28, 1639, preparatory to the settlement of 
Newport. The same year he was present at a 
meeting of the inhabitants, and was made 
treasurer. He held various important posi- 
tions in the town: 1639-40, constable; 1642, 
lieutenant; 1644, captain; 1644-45-46-47, treas- 
urer for Newport ; 1647-48-49. treasurer for 
the four towns of the colony. In 1648 he was 
an assistant, and became president regent, with 
the power of Governor under this title. March. 
1640. he had land recorded to the amount of 
one hundred and sixteen acres, and that same 
year was chosen with two others to lav out the 



NEW ENGLAND. 



589 



remainder of the lands at Newport. He mar- 
ried before leaving England, Frances, daugh- 
ter of Lewis Latham, Sergeant- Falconer to 
King Charles L, born 161 1, died September, 
1677, and widow of William Dungan, per- 
fumer, of St. Martin's in Field Parish, Lon- 
don. She came to New England with her sec- 
ond husband, Jeremiah Clarke, and her four 
children — one son and three daughters. She 
married (third) Rev. William Vaughan. Jere- 
miah Clarke died in Newport, January, 165 1- 
52. Children : Walter, born 1637 ; Mary, 1641 : 
Jeremiah, mentioned below ; Latham : Weston, 
April 5, 1648: James, 1649; Sarah, 1651. 

(II) Jeremiah (2), son of Jeremiah (i) 
Clarke, was born 1643, and died January 16, 
1729. He married .\nn Audley, who died De- 
cember 15, 1732. In 1666, he was a freeman. 
In 1 696-98-99- 1 700- 1 -2-3-4-5 he was deputy. 
He was ordained deacon of the Second Baptist 
Church in 1701. He deeded one-half his lands 
in Providence, at West Conaug, and in Con- 
necticut, to his son James, September 17, 1691, 
and on the same date the other half of the 
above lands to his son-in-law, Jeremiah Weed- 
en, for £3, and the sum of £3 annually during 
the life of Jeremiah and his wife Ann. Chil- 
dren : Jeremiah, Henry, James, Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; Weston. Frances, born Decem- 
ber 15. 1669; Mary, died 1756. married Jere- 
miah Weeden : Anne, born 1675 ; Sarah, died 
1729. 

(III) Samuel, son of Jeremiah (2) Clarke, 
was of Newport, later of Portsmouth, Rhod^ 
Island. He married Hannah, daughter of 
Stephen and Hannah (Hazard) \\'ilcox. Sep- 
tember 6, 1710. he conveyed one hundred acres 
of land at South Kingstown by deed in which 
he calls himself of Portsmouth. Children : 
John. Samuel. Audley. mentioned belnw ; 
Daniel. 

(IV) .Dudley, son of Samuel Clarke, was 
born about 1728; married Sarah Weeden. 
Children. Peleg, mentioned below ; Audley. 
Sarah. 

(\') Peleg. son of Audley Clarke, married 
^lary. daughter of William Gardiner, born 
1713, died January 10, 1797. at Newport. 
Children: Peleg. lost at sea; Audley. men- 
tioned below : Sarah ; Ann. born 1787. died Oc- 
tober ir. 1820. at Newport, married Septem- 
ber 30. 1787, Christopher Fowler. P>usiness. 
banker, president P.ank of Rhode Island at 
Newport. 

(VI) Audley (2). son of Peleg Clarke, was 
of Newport, and married Mary, daughter of 
Caleb Gardiner. Children, born at Newport : 
William A.. March 22. 1803; Peleg. mentioned 
below ; Mary G.. married Rev. A. Henry Du- 
mont. November 14. 1844. at Newport. 



(\'II) Peleg (2). son of Audley (2) Clarke, 
married. October 24. 183 1. Caroline AI. Moore. 
His business was banker, president [tank of 
Rhode Island at Newport. Children: Henry 
Audley. born July 20, 1832; William Moore, 
deceased without issue: Dumimt. mentioned 
below. 

(\'III) Dumont. son of Peleg (2) Clarke. 
was born C)ctober i, 1840. at Newport. Rhode 
Island, died December 26, 1909. He attended 
private schools in Newport. He was one of 
the most prominent figures in the financial 
circles of New York City. He was a director 
and president of the American Exchange Na- 
tional Bank of New York, with which institu- 
tion he was connected in various positions dur- 
ing most of his business career. He was chair- 
man of the New York Clearing House Com- 
mittee, New York Clearing House Association ; 
director in the American Beet Sugar Company, 
American Felt Company, the Audit Company 
of New York, the Commercial Cable Company, 
the Commercial Cable Company of Cuba, Fed- 
eral Sugar Refining Company, the Fidelity & 
Casualty Company, the Home Insurance Com- 
pany, the Hudson Companies, the Knicker- 
bocker Trust Company, the Lawyers' Title 
Insurance & Trust Company, Little Falls & 
Dolgeville Railroad Company, Long Island 
Consolidated Electrical Companies. Long 
Island Railroad Company, Manhattan Railway 
Company, New York, Brooklyn & Manhattan 
Beach Railway Company, New York Clearing 
House Company, Swift & Company, Chicago, 
Illinois, I'nited States Mortgage & Trust Com- 
pany, and L'nited States Safe Deposit Com- 
pany : trustee of the Caledonian Insurance 
Company, Edinburgh : the Mackay Companies : 
the Mutual Life Insurance Company, of New 
York, and the Press Publishing Company ; 
member of board of managers Adams Express 
Company, and board of managers Delaware &: 
Hudson Company. He was a member of the 
New York Yacht Club. In religion he was a 
Presbyterian, in politics a Democrat. 

He married. May 20, 1869. Cornelia Pool 
Ellery. daughter of Frank and Elizabeth Fciw- 
ler (Martin) Ellery. Child. Edward Stanley, 
born February 24. 1870; married Dorothy 
Fessenden. and had Dumont (3rd). 2. Lewis 
Latham, born February 21. 1871 : married 
Florence Marguerite Kenzel. June 12. 1901, 
and had Florence Marguerite, September 18. 
1907. and Lois Quantain. February 5. ii)ii. 
3. Mary, March 7, 1872: married March 11, 
1898, George B. Case, and had Mary Ermine 
and George Bowen Jr. 4. Ernest, born June 
19, 1873, died August 4, 1901. 5. Martha, Au- 
gust 16, 1874, died September 3, 1874. 6. 
Alice Coe. July 23. 1876: married Henry W. 



590 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Redfifid, and had Clarke and John .Klden. 7. 
Maud, August 9, 1879, died September 7, 
1882. 8. Corinne Italia, November 12, 1881. 
9. Dumont, October 24, 1883; married Annie 
Dixon McClure, June 28, 191 1. 

(IX) Lewis Latham Clarke, banker, was 
born in New York Cit)', February 21, 1871, 
son of Dumont and Cornelia P. (Ellery) 
Clarke. He was educated in a private school 
at Englewood, New Jersey; public schools, 
Dumont, New Jersey; Berkeley School, New 
York ; Packard's Business College, New York. 
He married, in Dumont, New Jersey, June 12, 
1901, Florence Marguerite Kenzel ; two daugh- 
ters : Florence Marguerite and Lois Ouantain. 
Mr. Clarke entered the employ of the Ameri- 
can Exchange National Bank, March 17, 1889: 
was appointed assistant cashier, 1901 ; vice- 
president, 1908; president, 1910. He is a di- 
rector of the American Exchange National 
Bank, New York ; American Locomotive Com- 
pany, Home Insurance Company, Hudson & 
Alanhattan Railroad, Knickerbocker Trust 
Company, Manhattan Beach Estates, New 
York & Honduras Rosario Mining Company, 
Pacific Bank, S. Pearson & Son, Inc., Swift & 
Co., Chicago, Illinois, U. S. Mortgage & Trust 
Company, L^nited States Safe Deposit Com- 
pany, New York. He is a trustee of the 
Berkeley School Corporation: member of the 
Chamber of Commerce of New York State, 
New England Society in New York City, 
Academy of Political Science, New York, 
American Academy of Political and Social 
Science. Philadelphia, the Japan Society of 
New York, Seventh Regiment Veteran Asso- 
ciation, Junior Order of United American Me- 
chanics, committee on membership. National 
Currency Association of the City of New York, 
nominating committee New York Clearing 
House, committee of management, 23rd Street 
Branch of Y. M. C. A. He served in Company 
F, Seventh Regiment, National Guard of New 
York, eight years; regimental adjutant Seven- 
ty-first Regiment, one year; captain Company 
E, Seventy-first Regiment, one year. He is a 
Republican in politics, and an Episcopalian in 
religion. His recreations are golf and motor- 
ing. He is a member of the Automobile Club 
of America, Deal Golf, Englewood Country, 
Lotos, Metropolitan. New York Athletic, Rail- 
road, Recess, Rumson Country, Touring Club 
of America and L'nion League. Residence. 
32 East 64th Street. Office, 128 Broadway, 
New York City. 



Roger Shaw, immigrant ancestor, 
SHAW is first found in Cambridge. Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1636, and he was 
made a freeman there in 1638. He had bought 



two hundred acres of land and had built a 
house on the south side of Arrow street be- 
fore he became a freeman. It is thought that 
he came from London, England, as there is a 
birth record of a Roger Shaw in the Register 
of St. Peter's, Cornhill, London, given as fol- 
lows : "1594, September ist, Sunday, christen- 
ing of Roger Shaw, sonne of Ralph Shaw, 
Vintner at the Sunne, on Cornhill ; borne Mon- 
day ye 26th of August." As he was appointed 
vintnor and keeper of the ordinary at Hamp- 
ton, New Hampshire, by the general court, he 
doubtless had had experience with his father, 
though it is not definitely proven that he was 
the Roger mentioned in the record. He was 
juryman in 1639, and in 1640 was elected town 
clerk of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and he was 
selectman there for 1641-42-43-45. His name 
was on the list of petitioners for the authoriza- 
tion of the settlement of Hampton, New Hamp- 
shire, and in 1638 it was authorized by the 
general court and incorporated in 1639. He 
bought land there in 1640, and November 15, 
1647, he had a grant of lands from King 
Charles II. In 1648 he sold his real estate in 
Cambridge, consisting of a house and two hun- 
dred acres of land, and settled in Hampton. 
From 165 1 to 1653 he served as representative 
to the general court, and in 1649 and 1654 he 
was selectman. He also held many other im- 
portant offices. In 1 65 1 he was appointed 
"Commissioner for trying small cases." On 
September 26, 1658, he was appointed by the 
town of Hampton as first on a committee of 
three with the town clerk, "to examine all 
grants and appointments of lands," etc.. and 
on February 9, 1659. the same committee was 
appointed to "lay out and record convenient 
highways to men's land in the towne and to 
allow satisfaction to the proprietors for the 
same according to their discretion." For a 
time he was keeper of the ordinary at Hamp- 
ton, and in 1650 was granted permission by the 
general court "to sell wine or any sort of strong 
liquors to Christians and the Indians, as in 
his judgment shall seem meet and necessary, 
on just and urgent iiccasionst and not other- 
wise." 

He married (first) Ann , and ('sec- 
ond) Susanna, widow of William Tilton, of 
Lynn. Massachusetts, who died January 28, 
1655. His will was dated .August 23, 1660, 
and proved .August 10, 1661. He died May 
29, 1 661, and his eldest son, Joseph, was 
executor of the estate. In his will he men- 
tioned Abraham and Daniel Tilton, sons of his 
second wife by her first husband. Children of 
first wife: Margaret, born about 1634; Joseph, 
about 1635: Ann, about 1636: Esther, June, 
1638 ; Mary, November 26, 1639, died janu- 



XE^^' ENGLAND. 



591 



ary or February. 1640: Benjamin, mentioned 
below; Mary, July 29, 1645: Deliverance ( ?), 
according to "Savage," married Abraham Til- 
ton, at Kittery, Maine, 1669. 

(11) Benjamin, son of Roger Shaw, was 
Ixirn in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1641. 
lie lived on his father's homestead, and was a 
merchant and blacksmith. Very soon after the 
first sawmill was built in that region, about 
1658, he built a new frame house which was 
constructed to be a garrison house. His name 
was on the list of voters prepared by the presi- 
dent and council in 1680 from that of the 
selectmen of each town in New Hampshire 
when it was a royal province, each one named 
on the list being eligible to the office of council- 
man and privileged to vote in their meetings. 
He was a very wealthy man for the times. He 
is said to have been very skillful in mechanical 
work, and made the gravestone which marks 
his grave now. His will was dated December 
26, 171 7. According to family records he died 
December 31, 1717, and according to his grave- 
stone he died January 17, 1718. 

He married. May 25, 1663, Esther, daughter 
of Ezekiel and Susannah Richardson. She 
was executrix of his estate, with their son 
Edward. She died May 16, 1736, aged ninety- 
six years. Children : Mary, born December 2, 
1664; Esther, November 16, 1666; Sarah, June 
22, 1669; Abigail, August 22, 1671 ; Ruth, 
December 24, 1673; Benjamin, June 28, 1676; 
Roger, September 23, 1678; Joseph, November 
I, 1681 : Edward, July 23, 1685, died same 
year; Edward, 1687; John; Hannah, July 23, 
1690. 

(HI) Edward, son of Benjamin Shaw, was 
born in Hampton about 1687. died December 
24, 1764. He lived on his father's homestead, 
improving and enlarging it. It was a spacious, 
two-story house, the one which his grand- 
father, Roger Shaw, built as a garrison house. 
He married (first) June 27, 1716, Mary, daugh- 
ter of James Johnson ; she died April 15, 1726. 
He married (second) Abigail Marshall, of 
Ipswich, Massachusetts. Children by first wife : 
Mary, born April 3, 1720; Ichabod, February 
27, 1722 ; Edward, mentioned below ; Benjamin, 
March 15, 1726. 

(IV) Edward (2), son of Edward (i) Shaw, 
was born in Hampton, March 2, 1724, died 
July 16, 1787. He lived on his father's home- 
stead. He married Ruth Fellows, of Salisbury, 
Massachusetts; she died ]\Iay 29, 1798. Chil- 
dren : Rev. Jeremiah, mentioned below ; Sam- 
uel, baptized December 23. 1748; Mary, bap- 
tizetl May 27, 1750; Ichabod, baptized March 
4. 1752; Abigail, baptized August 17, 1755; 
Simeon, baptized June 12. ^ysi'- Levi. Febru- 



ary 18, 1759; John, June 14, 1761 ; Benjamin, 
December 25, 1766. 

( V ) Rev. Jeremiah Shaw, son of Edward 
( 2 ) Shaw, was born in Hampton, July 26, 
1747, died October 20, 1834, honored and loved 
by all those who knew him. He was graduated 
from Harvard College in 1767, and when a 
young man he preached for short periods in 
Gosport, New Castle, Rye, Exeter, Salisbury 
and other towns near the Maine and New 
Hampshire coasts. He was ordained in 1779 at 
the Congregational church in Moultonborough, 
New Hampshire, and he remained here for 
fifty-five years. For the last five years he was 
obliged to have an assistant to help him, as the 
duties were too heavy for him, but his ofl:"ers of 
resignation were refused many times. When 
L'niversalism was rising, he was induced to 
engage in a public discussion on that subject 
with Rev. Hosea Ballou, one of the pioneers 
in that denomination, and he acquitted himself 
to the satisfaction of his parishioners and all 
those others who shared his views. He was 
called "Parson Shaw." He married Hannah, 
daughter of Captain John Moulton, of Hamp- 
ton, and she died March 26, 1827. Children: 
Abigail, born in Hampton, July 10, 1774; John 
Moulton, in Hampton, baptized February 4, 
1776; Jeremiah, mentioned below; Edward, 
baptized February 13, 1780; Ichabod, baptized 
in Moultonborough, June 5. 1781 ; Eunice, in 
Moultonborough, 1784; Ruth, in Moulton- 
borougfi, 1794. 

( \'I) Deacon Jeremiah (2) .Shaw, son of 
Rev. Jeremiah ( i ) Shaw, was born in Hamp- 
ton, July 24, 1778, died in Moultonborough, 
December 7, 1854. He was a mechanic and 
farmer. He was a deacon in the Congrega- 
tional church over which his father was pastor. 
He married. February 19, 1798, Rachel, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Warren, who died in Moulton- 
borough where they always lived, March 21, 
1865. Children ; Smith M., born April 29, 
1799; Hannah. September 13, 1800; Thomas 
W., June 30, 1803 ; Sophronia, November 19, 
1805 ; Eliza, July 10, 1808; Edward, mentioned 
below : Cvrus K.. August 30. 181 -\ ; Lvdia Ann, 
May 21, '1816. 

(\''n) Edward (3), son of Deacon Jere- 
miah (2) Shaw, was born in Moultonborough, 
New Hampshire, March 5, 181 1, died there 
July 12, 1872. He was a farmer. He married, 
October 3, 1833, Elisabeth Langdon Lunt, born 
in York, Maine, October 31. 181 3, died June 
5, 1890. Children; i. Oliver W., born July 19, 
1834; married, January 7, 1862, Sarah J., 
daughter of Hon. Daniel G. and Susan (Bin- 
ney) Rollins, of Great Falls, New Hampshire; 
children ; Margaret McGregor, Edward Ash- 



592 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



ton and Marion Rollins. . 2. Edward P., men- 
tioned below. 3. Daughter, twin, born 1838, 
died in infancy. 4. Daughter, twin, born 1838, 
died in infanc)'. 5. Henry H., June 9, 1839: 
married Maria Haight ; children : Ralph W., 
May Huntingdon, Charles E. B., Guy C, Ma- 
belle. 6. George W., November 27, 1843; 
served in civil war in the Fifth New Hamp- 
shire Regiment, died in army. 7. Thomas S., 
December 13, 1846. 8. Daniel H., May, 1849. 

( VHI ) Edward Payson, son of Edward (3) 
Shaw, was born at Moultonborough, New 
Hampshire, June 15, 1837. He was educated 
in the public schools. He was associated for 
many years with W. C. McCausland in the 
banking business at Burlington, Vermont. He 
married (first) Mary Elizabeth Jones, born in 
1840, died in 1869, daughter of Captain Fred- 
erick Jones, of Mattoon, Illinois. He married 
(second) Sarah H. Francis. Child of first 
wife: William Warren, mentioned below. 

(IX) William Warren, son of Edward Pay- 
son Shaw, was born at Mattoon, Illinois, jMarch 
15, 1866. He attended the public schools of 
Burlington and graduated from the high school. 
He entered the University of Vermont and 
was graduated in the class of 1886, degree of 
Civil Engineer, and became assistant civil engi- 
neer of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railroad Company. He was for a time dis- 
count and collection clerk in his uncle's bank 
at Austin, Minnesota, and subsequently en- 
gaged in the real estate business in partnership 
with H. B. Chamberlain at Denver, Colorado. 
Afterward he was traveling advertising agent 
of the West Shore, a monthly magazine, at 
Portland, Seattle and Tacoma, Washington, 
traveling extensively through the states of the 
Pacific coast and in British America. From 
this position he went to the Oregonian. a daily 
newspaper, as manager of their branch office 
at Seattle. He was very successful in boom- 
ing many of the new towns on the coast. After 
his newspaper experience he was for a time 
an agent of the Chickering & Chase Piano 
Company. He had always been interested in 
music from boyhood and possessed much 
natural musical ability. \\ hile in college he 
organized the first military band in the Uni- 
versity of \'ermont. In 1891, after his varied 
and interesting career in business, he persuaded 
his father to allow him to go abroad to study 
music for a profession. In Milan he studied 
singing under \'anni, Baragli, Pozzo, Moretti 
and two representatives of the great school of 
Cotogni. He studied in Rome under Belli, 
acquiring the Lamperti Method. After three 
years of absorbing study under the foreign 
masters, he entered ujion his professional 
career, starting in London in the Carl Rosa 



Grand Opera Company with such artists as 
Zelie De Lussan, Marie Rose, Ludwig, Mc- 
Guckin, Alec Marsh, Meislinger and Aynsley 
Cook. Returning to America in 1894, he be- 
came one of the supporting tenors of Marie 
Tavary'. He sang leading roles in the Andrews 
Opera Company in grand opera repertoire for 
a season. While abroad he traveled extensively 
with opera companies through England, Wales 
and Ireland, and subsequently in America. At 
length, however, he found more congenial occu- 
pation in his profession, as a voice culture 
specialist with studio in New York City, visit- 
ing Philadelphia once a week, and in a short 
time had won a national reputation as a voice 
specialist. George Hamlin, the leading Amer- 
ican tenor, was a pupil of Mr. Shaw, and many 
other singers of international reputation. Mr. 
Shaw is associated with Harold Nason in the 
Leschetizky School of Piano Playing (incor- 
porated) under the special authorization of 
Herr Professor Theodore Leschetizky, of 
Vienna. This school is in the Presser Build- 
ing, 1 712-14 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, and 
Mr. Shaw has charge of the vocal department, 
teaching voice culture, oratorio and opera. 
In recent years Mr. Shaw has also conducted 
a very successful Summer School of Vocal 
Music for Singers and Teachers of Singing at 
Cape May, New Jersey. 

Musical America, in a recent article, said of 
Mr. Shaw and his work: 



When W. Warren Shaw opened his vocal studios 
in Philadelphia in IQOO he was known to the musical 
community here as a possessor of a very beautiful 
and well-trained voice, which he had used with 
eminent success as leading tenor of the Carl Rosa 
Opera Company, but he was not known as a vocal 
teacher. It was but a short time, however, before 
his work began to attract favorable attention. The 
results of his thorough study in Italy and elsewhere 
and his sane thought on the subject of the develop- 
ment and management of the voice became apparent 
in the progress of the pupils who had committed 
themselves to his care. He soon demonstrated that 
he possessed a thorough knowledge of the physical 
problem involved, as well as an artistic understand- 
ing of opera, oratorio and song. With this founda- 
tion to work upon he has built up a reputation for 
success with his pupils, until he now stands among 
the very liest of the vocal teachers of Philadelphia, 
and his pupils are among the most widely known of 
the city's church and concert singers. 

In commemoration of the tenth year of his 
work here the pupils of the current year, some 
sixty-five in nvmiber, joined in presenting to 
him an unsolicited testimonial in the shape of 
a photograph of practically every pupil of the 
year. These photographs have been appro- 
priately grouped and framed and hung in the 
studio. Included in the photographs are a 
number of pupils who may be said to possess 



NEW ENGLAND. 



593 



j "made" voices— voices, in other words, de- 
veloped from almost nothing. There are in- 
cluded also a number of singers who, when 

I they came to Mr. Shaw, had already attained 
a certain prominence, and who have under his 
guidance developed into matured and finished 
artists. .A. number of them have within recent 
years attained success as principals in the per- 

; formances of the Philadelphia Operatic Soci- 
ety, which gives grand opera in English and 
upon the comic opera stage. 

Air. Shaw considers the psychological phase 
of his work an important, if not the most im- 
portant, feature. 

"In order for a vocal teacher to be able to cope 
with obstinate cases and successfully," said he recent- 
ly to Musical America, "he should know the physi- 
ological construction of the throat and entire vocal 
organ, but this is not enough. Neither is it enough 
to be a good musician, and able to play accompani- 
ments. The successful singing teacher must be a 
well-trained singer— preferably one who can illus- 
trate—who understands the difiference in causes which 
produce different effects, and who does not confound 
cause and effect in the vocal phenomena. Techni- 
cally, the teacher is successful who understands from 
what point to work in each individual case, and who 
understands correct initiative and a principle apply- 
ing to all cases: one, further, who understands the 
correlation existing between the mental and physical, 
and how to direct the mental attitude so that the 
natural automatic action of the voice occurs without 
direct local guidance. This technical part of the work 
misdirected, has been the cause of tremendously 
disastrous results. So that, as one author tritely 
remarks, 'but some singers have succeeded in spite 
of their teachers.' Still, it is encouraging to know 
that the old idea of entirely mechanical training of 
the voice is losing ground — the idea, that is. of 
making a succession of sounds with the voice with- 
out the association of the idea of definite expression 
of thought. In other words, while the gymnastics of 
the voice come in for their share of usefulness, the 
main idea in training the voice is not now. as in 
former years, entirely mechanical." 

Mr. Shaw married, fune 31, iyo8, Emma 
Suelke, horn in Philadeiphia, October, \&>4. 



Samuel Haill or Hale, the founder 
I HALE of this family, was born in Eng- 
land in 1610, died in Glastonbury, 
! Connecticut, November 9, 1693. He was in 
■ Wethersfield, Connecticut, in 1637. He served 
in the Pequot war and received a grant of sixty 
'. acres of land from the general court for his 
i military services. In 1639 he was in Hartford, 
and in 1642 he was again in Wethersfield, 
where he was selectman in 1647. He was one 
of the first proprietors of Norwalk. Coimecti- 
cut, in 1654, and was deputy from that town 
to the general court from 1656 to 1659. In 
1660 he returned to Wethersfield and leased 
the estate of Governor Welles on the east side 
, of the Connecticut river. He married Mary 
; , who died January 19, 1711-12. Chil- 



dren: I. Martha, born October 2, 1643. 2. 
Samuel, referred to below. 3. John, born 
February 21, 1646-47, died July 9. 1709; mar- 
ried. May 8, 1668, Hannah Nott. 4. Mary, 
born April 29, 1649; married Caleb Benjamin. 
5. Rebecca, born October 29, 1651. 6. Thomas, 
born in 1653, died December 23, 1723; mar- 
ried, October 30, 1679, Naomi Kilbourn. 7. 
Ebenezer, born July 29, 1661. 8. Dorothy. 

(II) Lieutenant Samuel (2) Hale, son of 
Samuel ( i ) and Mary Haill or Hale, was born 
in Wethersfield, Connecticut, February 12, 
1644-45, '^''^'i '" Glastonbury, Connecticut, No- 
vember 18, 1711, aged sixty-seven years. He 
lived in Glastonbury and was a justice of the 
peace and also represented the town in the 
general court for many years. He married 
(first) June 20, 1670, Ruth, daughter of 
Thomas Edwards, who died December 26, 
1682, aged thirty years. He married (second) 
in 1695, Mary, born November 23, 1666, died 
February 18, 1714-15, daughter of Samuel and 
Elizabeth (Hollister) Welles (see Welles II). 
Children, five by first inarriage : i. Ruth, born 
January 14, 1670, died May 7, 1671. 2. Sam- 
uel, born June 14, 1673, died June 15, 1763. 
3. Mary, born June 13, 1675; married John 
Day. 4. Samuel, born July 17, 1677. 5. Ruth, 
born December i, 1680; married Thomas. 
Kimberley. 6. Jonathan, referred to below. 
7. David, born January 7, 1700. died March 
31, 1718, unmarried. 8. Joseph, born July 10, 
1702, died August 4, 1702. 9. Benjamin, born 
July 22, 1707. died July 22, 1784; married, 
(anuary 30, 1729, Hannah Talcott. 

(HI) Captain Jonathan Hale, son of Sam- 
uel (2) and Elizabeth (Welles) Hale, was 
born in Glastonbury, Connecticut, August i, 
1696, died there July 2, 1772. He married 
(first) November 28, 1717, Sarah, born Octo- 
ber 30, 1699, died July 15, 1743. daughter of 
Deacon Benjamin and Sarah (Hollister) Tal- 
cott (see Talcott V). He married (second) 

Hannah , who died May 26, 1749, aged 

fifty-four years. He married (third) Mary,, 
daughter of Joseph White, of Middletown, 
Connecticut, and widow of Joseph, son of Joha 
and Sarah (Goodrich) Hollister, who died 
(anuary 18. 1780, aged eighty-two years. Chil- 
dren, all by first marriage: i. Sarah, born No- 
vember 2, 1718. 2. Jonathan, referred to be- 
low. 3. David, born January 13, 1722-23, died 
January 7, 1723-24- 4- Elizur, born January 
14, 1724-25. died May 27. 1790: married, 
March 23,^749, Abigail, daughter of Joseph 
and Mary (White) Hollister. 5. David, born 
January 11, 1727, died April 7, 1796: married 
Mary, daughter of Thomas and Martha (Pit- 
kin) Welles. 6. Penelope, born March 13, 
,731. 7. Prudence, born August 21, 1733; 



594 



NEW ENGLAND. 



married, March 30, 1763, Joseph Blague. 8. 
Theodore, born January 26, 1735, died May 
24, 1807 ; married, February 23, 1758, Rachel 
Talcott. 

(IV) Captain Jonathan (2) Hale, son of 
Captain Jonathan (i) and Sarah (Talcott) 
Hale, was born in Glastonbury, Connecticut, 
February i or 7, 1720-21, died between Febru- 
ary 8, 1773, and December 25, 1776. He mar- 
ried, January 18, 1743, Elizabeth, born in 
Glastonbury, November 15, 1722, daughter of 
Colonel Thomas and Martha (Pitkin) Welles 
(see Welles IV). Children: i. Elizabeth, born 
December 22, 1744, died August 3, 1746. 2. 
Jonathan, born January 15, 1745-46. 3. Eliza- 
beth, born August 16, 1747; married 

Huntington. 4. Elisha, married, May 18, 
1782, Elizabeth Mary Whiting. 5. (George. 6. 
Thomas, referred to below. 7. Sarah. 8. 
Penelope. 9. Anne. 10. Eunice. 11. Jerusha. 
12. Lucretia. 

(V) Thomas, son of Captain Jonathan (2) 
and Elizabeth (Welles) Hale, was born in 
Glastonbury, Connecticut, December 3, 1763. 
He removed to Catskill, Greene county, New 
York. He married Lydia, born at Saybrook, 
Connecticut, July 22, 1769, daughter of Enoch 
and Mary (Lay) Murdock (see her Mayflower 
descent appended). Among their children was 
George, referred to below. 

( \T ) Rev. George Hale, son of Thomas and 
Lydia ( Alurdock ) Hale, was born at Catskill, 
Greene county. New York, in November, 1812, 
died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. After 
graduating from Williams College in 1831, he 
entered and graduated from Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary and became a distinguished 
divine of the Presbyterian church, and was for 
over thirty years the pastor of the church at 
Pennington, New Jersey, and it was here that 
he gathered the material for his interesting 
and valuable "History of the Old Presbyterian 
People of Maidenhead and Hopewell, New 
Jersey." In his later life he was the life secre- 
tary of the relief board of the Presbyterian 
church. He married Eliza Rebecca, born at 
Ingham Springs, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
December 5, 1823, died in 1895, daughter of 
Samuel Dulucenna and Deborah Kay (Hall) 
Ingham. Her paternal grandparents were Dr. 
Jonathan and Ann (Welding) Ingham, of 
Great Springs, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
where her grandfather was born September 
15, 1779. Her maternal grandparents were 
Clement and Rebecca (Kay) Hall, of the dis- 
tinguished South Jersey families of those 
names, her grandfather a native of Salem 
county. New Jersey, and her grandmother of 
("iloucester county. New Jersey. Deborah K. 
Hall was the second wife of Samuel D. Ine- 



ham. Their children were: Eliza Rebecca, 
referred to above ; Mary Armstrong, born in 
1827; Mary Louise, born March 30, 1829; 
Frances Caroline, born January 13, 1835. By 
his second wife Samuel D. Ingham had one 
son. William P. Children of Rev. George and 
Eliza Rebecca (Ingham) Hale, all born in 
Pennington, New Jersey: i. George, referred 
to below. 2. Dora, born in 1846; married 
William Woodhut Griscom ; children: Gladys 
Hale, Galbraith, Arthur A., died aged fourteen 
years. 3. Elizabeth, born in 1849. 4- Mary 
Louise, born in 1851, unmarried. 5. Arthur, 
born in 1853. 

(\II) Dr. George (2) Hale, son of Rev. 
George (i) and Eliza Rebecca (Ingham) Hale, 
was born in Pennington, New Jersey, May 31, 
1844. He received his early education in the 
Presbyterian parochial schools, the Model 
School at Trenton, New Jersey, and the Tren- 
ton Academy, after which he graduated from 
Lawrenceville Academy in 1861 and from 
Williams College in 1865, receiving his A. M. 
degree in 1868. He then taught for two years 
in the Lawrenceville high school, and in 1867 
entered the medical department of the L'ni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, from which he re- 
ceived his M. D. degree in 1870. After spend- 
ing two years as interne in the Philadelphia 
Hospital, he began the independent practice 
of his profession in 1872 in Frankford, where 
he has remained ever since. He is a member 
of the American Medical Association, of the 
Pennsylvania State IMedical Society, and of 
the Philadelphia Medical Society. He is the 
author of numerous clinical studies, published 
in the medical journals. He is an elder in the 
Presbyterian church of Frankford, and an 
Independent in politics. He is a member of 
the New England Society of Pennsylvania and 
of the Pennsylvania Society, Sons of the Revo- 
lution. 



Governor Thomas Welles, of Connecticut, 
the founder of this family, was born in county 
Essex, England, in 1598, died at Wethersfieki, 
Connecticut, January 14, 1660. He married 
(first) in England, about 1618, Elizabeth Hunt, 
who died in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1640. 
He married (second) Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Deming, of England, and widow of Na- 
thaniel Foote, of Wethersfield, who died July 
28, 1683, at an advanced age. Children, all by 
first marriage: i. Ann, married (first) April 
14, 1646, Thomas Thompson, (second) An- 
thony Hawkins. 2. John, died in 1659: mar- 
ried Elizabeth Curtis. 3. Robert, died about 
1658. 4. Thomas, born in 1627, died in 1668 ; 
married. June 23, 1654, Hannah (Tuttle) Fin- 




Kuicn^<)^<^'N cjLj ^iJ^^tJ. 



-f^' 



NEW ENGLAND. 



try. 5. Samuel, referred to below. 6. Sarah, 
born -in 1631, died December 12, 1698; mar- 
ried. February 2, 1654, Captain John Chester. 
7. Marv, died about 1656. 8. Toseph, born in 

(II) Captain Samuel Welles, son of Gov- 
ern(ir Thomas and Elizabeth (Hunt) Welles, 
was born at Rothwell, Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land, about 1630. died at Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, July 15, 1675. He married (first) in 
165Q. Elizabeth, daughter of John and Joanna 
(Treat) Hollister ( see Hollister I). Children: 

1. Samuel, referred to below. 2. Thomas, born 
July 29, 1662, died December 7, 171 1 ; married 
(first) January 7, 1697, Thankful Root, (sec- 
ond) ]\Iay 17, 1705, Jerusha Treat. 3. Sarah, 
born September 29, 1664, died about 1698; 
married (first) December 4, 1(383, Ephraim 
Hawley. (second) Angers Tomlinson. 4. Mary, 
born November 23, 1666. died February 18. 
1714-15; married, in 1695, Samuel Hale (see 
Hale U). 5. Ann, born in 1668, died in 1739; 
married (first) July 19, 1(387, Captain James 
Stelle, (second) November 20, 17 18, James 
Judson. 6. Elizabeth, born in 1670; married, 
April 4, 1692, Daniel Sheldon. 

(III) Captain Samuel (2) Welles, son of 
Captain Samuel (i) and Elizabeth (Hollister) 
Welles, was born in Glastonbury, Connecticut, 
in 1660, died there August 28, 1731, in his 
seventy-second year. He married, June 20, 
1683, Ruth, daughter of Edward Rice, of Marl- 
boro, Massachusetts, who died March 30, 1742, 
in her eighty-third year. Children: I. Mercy, 
born October 15, 1684, died November i, 1684. 

2. Samuel, born July 9, 1688, died October' 16, 
1689. 3. Samuel, born December 24, 1689, 
died May 20, 1770 ; was one of the most promi- 
nent men of his time: married. September 15, 
1719, Hannah Arnold. 4. Thomas, referred to 
below.- 5. Thaddeus, born March 2/. 1695. 
died December 22, 1781 : married Elizabeth 
Cowles. 6. Silas, born March 4, 1700, died 
September 17, 1754. 

(R") Colonel Thomas Welles, son of Cap- 
tain Samuel (2) and Ruth (Rice) Welles, was 
born in Glastonbury. Connecticut, February 14, 
1692. died there ^Iay 14, 1767. He married, 
December 28, 17 15, Martha, born in Hartford, 
Connecticut. February 28, 1692, died July 4, 
1763. daughter of William (2) and Elizabeth 
(Stanley) Pitkin. Children: i. Ruth, born 
April 14, 1717. 2. Mary. February 19. 1719. 
died April 22, 1733. 3. Thomas, born Novem- 
ber 23, 1720, died May i, 1733. 4. Elizabeth, 
born November 15, 1722: married Captain 
Jonathan (2) Hale (see Hale 1\'). 5. Will- 
iam, born March 3, 1725. died April 12. 1778. 
6. Sarah, born March 27, 1727; married Solo- 
mon Welles. 7. John, born August 11, 1729. 



died April 16. 1764: married Jerusha Edwards. 
8. Jonathan, born August 9. 1732, died Janu- 
ary 27, 1792. 9. Mary, born March 30, 1735, 
died June 17, 1814: married David Hale, 
brother to Captain Jonathan (2) Flale. referred 
to above. 10. Probably also Martha, married 
Isaac Morlev. 



( I ) John Hollister, the founder of this fam- 
ily, is said to have been born in Glastonbury, 
Somersetshire. England, in 1612, died in 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, in April. 1665. He 
married Joanna, daughter of Richard and Jo- 
anna Treat, of Wethersfield (see Treat). Chil- 
dren: I. John, referred to below. 2. Elizabeth, 
died in 1673: married, in 1659. Samuel, son 
of Governor Thomas and Elizabeth (Hunt) 
Welles (see Welles II). 3. Sarah, died De- 
cember 8. 1(391: married (first) in 1674. the 
Rev. Hope Atherton. and (second) about 
1679. Lieutenant Timothy Baker. 4. Mary, 
married, about 1669. John Welles Jr. 5. 
Thomas, died November 8. 1701 : married 
(first) Elizabeth Latimer, (second) Elizabeth, 
widow of Amos Williams. 6. Joseph, died 
August 29, 1674, unmarried. 7. Stephen, born 
in 1658. died October 2. 1709: married (first) 
in 1683. Abigail Treat, (second) Elizabeth 
(Coleman) Reynolds. 

(II) Sergeant John (2) Hollister, son of 
John (i) and Joanna (Treat) Hollister, was 
born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, about 1642, 
died in 171 1. He married, November 20, 1667, 
Sarah, daughter of Ensign William and Sarah 
(Marvin) (Goodrich, who died in Glastonbury 
in 1700. Children: i. John, born August 9, 
1669. died December 13, 1741 : married (first) 
June 7, 1693. Abiah Hollister, (second) Sus- 
anna . 2. Thomas, born January 14, 

1671-72: married Dorothy Hills. 3. Joseph, 
born July 8. 1674. died July 9. 1746; married 
(first) November 27. 1694, Ann , (sec- 
ond ) Sarah . 4. Sarah, born October 

25. 1676; married. January 5, 1698-99. Ben- 
jamin Talcott (see Talcott \'). 5. Elizabeth, 
born March 30, 1678, died in infancy. 6. 
David, born November 20. 1681, died Decem- 
ber 27. 1753: married Charity . 7. 

Ephraim, born March 15. 1683-84; married, 
April I. 1707. Elizabeth Green. 8. Charles, 
born July 29, 1686, died before November 11. 
171 1. 9. Elizabeth, married Dr. Joseph Steele. 

(The Treat Line). 

Richard Treat, the founder of this family, 
emigrated from England, first to Massachu- 
setts, and then, as early as 1637. to Wethers- 
field. Connecticut, where he died "a very old 
man." in i6(iQ. He married Joanna . 



596 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Children: I. Honour, married, about 1637, 
John Deming. 2. Sarah, married, in 1644, 
Matthew Campbell. 3. Joanna, died in Octo- 
ber, 1694; married John Hollister Sr. (see 
Hollister I). 4. Susanna, died in 1705; mar- 
ried, in 1652, Robert Webster. 5. Robert, born 
in 1621, died July 12, 1710; governor, states- 
man and one of the most prominent men of 
his day in Connecticut and Newark, New Jer- 
sey ; married (first) Jane Tapp, (second) in 
1705, Elizabeth Bryan. 6. James, born in 
1634, died February 12, 1709; married, Janu- 
ary 26, 1665, Rebecca Latimer. 7. Catharine, 
married. November 19, 1695, William Johnson 
or Thompson. 



(III) John (3) Talcott, the founder of this 
family, was born in Braintree, county Essex, 
England, died in Hartford, Connecticut, in 
March, 1660. He was the son of John (2) 
and Ann (Skinner) Talcott, and the grand- 
son of John (i ) and (Wells) Talcott, 

of Colchester, England. He married Dorothy, 
daughter of John and Alice (Harrington) 
Mott, of Eyland and Wiston, county Suffolk, 
England. Children: i. Mary, married, June 
28, 1649, Rev. John Russell. 2. John, died 
July 23, 1688: married (first), October 29, 
1650, Helena Wakeman, (second) November 
9, 1676, A'lary Cook. 3. Samuel, referrerl to 
below. 

(IV) Captain Samuel Talcott, son of John 
(3) and Dorothy (Mott) Talcott, was born in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, about 1635, died 
in Wethersfield, Connecticut, November 10, 
1691. He married (first) November 7, 1661, 
Hannah, daughter of Captain Elizur and Mary 
(Pynchon) Holyoke (see Holyoke H), (sec- 
ond) August 6, 1679, Mary , who died 

January 5, 1710-11. Children: I. Samuel, 
born in 1662, died April 28, 1698: married, 
probably, Mary Ellery. 2. John, born in 1663, 
died young. 3. Hannah, born in 1665, died 
July 23, 1741 ; married, November 25, 1686, 
Major John Chester. 4. Elizur, born July 31, 

1669; married Sarah . 5. Joseph, born 

February 20, 1671, died November 3, 1732; 
married, April 5, 1701, Sarah Deming. 6. 
Benjamin, referred to below. 7. Rachel, born 
April 2, 1676, died November 22, 1702; mar- 
ried, March 21, 1700, Peter Bulkley. 8. Na- 
thaniel, born January 28, 1678, died January 
30, 1758: married, March t8, 1703, Elizabeth 
Pattin. 

(V) Deacon Benjamin Talcott, son of Cap- 
tain Samuel and Hannah (Holyoke) Talcott, 
was born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, March 
1, 1674, died in Glastonbury, Connecticut, No- 



vember 12, 1727. He married (first) January 
3, 1699, Sarah, daughter of John and Sarali 
(Goodrich) Hollister (see Hollister H), (sec- 
ond) the "wife" referred to in his will. Chil- 
dren, all by first marriage: i. Sarah, born 
October 30, 1(399, "^'^"^ J^'y 'S- 1743^ married, 
November 28, 1717, Jonathan Hale (see Hale 
ni). 2. Benjamin, born June 27, 1702, died 
March 9, 1785; married (first) August 26, 
1724, Esther Lyman, (second) Deborah Gil- 
lett. 3. John, born December 17, 1704, died 
August 25, 1745; married, in 1731, Lucy Burn- 
ham. 4. Hannah, born October 16, 1706, died 
h'ebruary 6, 1796; married, January 30, 1729, 
Benjamin Hale. 5. Samuel, born February 12, 
1708, died September 26, 1768; married, Octo- 
ber 5, 1732, Hannah Moseley. 6. Elizur, born 
December 31, 1709, died November 24, 1797; 
married, December 31, 1730, Ruth Wright. 7. 
Mehitable, born July 17, 1713, died April 20, 
1781 : married Hezekiah Wright. 8. Abigail, 
born October 10, died October 28, 1715. 

(The Holyoke Line). 

( I ) Edward Holyoke, of Tamworth, county 
Suffolk, England, was in Lynn, Massachusetts, 
as early as 1630. He removed to Springfield, 
Massachusetts, and after staying there for a 
while returned to England, and died at Rum- 
sey. May 4, 1660. He married, June 18, 1612, 
Prudence, daughter of the Rev. John Stockton, 
of Alchester and Kingbolt. Children: i. Ed- 
ward, died December 30, 1631, aged thirteen 
years. 2. John, died in 1635. 3. Elizur, re- 
ferred to below. 4. John, died April 24, 1641. 
5. Elizabeth, married George Keyser. 6. x\nn, 
married Thomas Putnam. 7. Mary, married, 
February 10, 1647, John Tuttle. 8. Susanna, 
married, September 12, 1656, Michael Martin. 
9. Sarah, married Andrews. 

(H) Elizur, son of Edward and Prudence 
( Stockton ) Holyoke, was born in Tamworth, 
England, died in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
February 6, 1676. He married (first) May 
20, 1640, Mary, daughter of the Hon. William 
Pynchon, who died October 26, 1657. Married 

(second) , daughter of a Mr. Stebbins 

and widow (first) of John Maynard, (second) 
of Robert Day. Children, all by first mar- 
riage: I. John, born August 27, 1641, died 
October 8, 1641. 2. John, bom August 5, 
1642, died February 6, 1712. 3. Hannah, born 
June 9, i6z^, died February 2, 1678; married, 
November 7, 1661, Captain Samuel Talcott 
(see Talcott IV). 4. Daughter, born dead, 
May 21, 1646. 5. Samuel, born June 9, 1647, 
died October 31, 1676. 6. Edward, born .Au- 
gust 8, 1649, died June 16, 1708. 7. Elizur, 
born October 13, 1631, died August 11, 1711: 



NEW ENGLAND. 



597 



married, January 2, 1678, Mary Eliot. 8. 
Mary, born November 14, 1656, July 14, 1678; 
married James Russell. 

(Mayflower Descent of Lydia (Murdock) Hale). 

John Alden, the "Mayflower" pilgrim, was 
born about 1599, emigrated to Plymouth in the 
"Mayflower" and died in Duxbury, September 
22, 1687. He married, about 1623, Priscilla, 
daughter of William and Alice Mullins, also 
"Mayflower" pilgrims. Children: i. Elizabeth, 
referred to below. 2. John, died March 14, 
1702; married (first) Elizabeth , (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth (Phillips) Everell. 3. Joseph, 
died February 8, 1697; married Mary Sim- 
mons. 4. Sarah, married Alexander Standish. 
5. Jonathan, died February 14, 1697 ; married 
Abigail Hallett. 6. Ruth, died October 12, 
1674; married John Bass. 7. Mary, said to 
have married Dr. Thomas de la Noye. 8. 
David, died in 1719; married Constant South- 
worth. 

(II) Elizabeth, daughter of John and Pris- 
cilla (Mullins) Alden, was born about 1624, 
died May 31, 17 17, in her ninety-third year. 
She married, December 26, 1644, William, son 
of John and Isabel Paybody, of Little Comp- 
ton, Rhode Island, born in England, in 1619, 
died in Little Compton. December 3, 1707. 
Children: i. John, born October 4, 1645, died 
November 17, 1669. 2. Elizabeth, born April 
24, 1647; married, in 1666, John Rogers. 3. 
Mary, born in 1648: married, in 1669, Edward 
Southworth. 4. Mercy, born January 2, 1649 ; 
married, in 1671, John Simmons. 5. Martha, 
born February 24, 1650; married, in 1677, 
Samuel Seabury. 6. Priscilla, born January 
15' 1653; married Rev. Ichabod Wiswall. 7. 
Sarah, born August 7, 1654; married, in 1680, 
John Coe. 8. Ruth, born June 27, 1658, died 
August 27, 1740: married, in 1672, Benjamin 
Bartlett Jr. 9. Rebecca, born October 16, 
1660, died December 3, 1702: married, in 1680, 
William Southworth. 10. Hannah, born Octo- 
ber 15, 1662; married, in 1683, Samuel Bart- 
lett. II. Wilham, born November 24, 1664, 
died September 17, 1744: married (first) 

Judith , (second) in 17 16, Elizabeth 

. 12. Lydia, referred to below. 

(III) Lydia, daughter of William and Eliz- 
abeth (Alden) Paybody, was born in Little 
Compton, Rhode Island, April 3, 1667. She 
married Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) and 
Mary (Wodell) Grinnell, of Little Compton 
and Saybrook, Connecticut, who was born in 
1668. Children, so far as of record: i. Mary, 
referred to below. 2. Paybody. 3. George. 
4. Jemima, born in 1704. S- Daniel, born in 
1707. 

(IV) Mary, daughter of Daniel (2) and 



Lydia (Paybody) Grinnell, was born in Say- 
brook, Connecticut, in 1684, died there June 
9, 1755, in her seventy-first year. She married, 
December 12, 1703, Robert (3), son of Robert 
(2) and Mary (Stanton) Lay, of Saybrook, 
who was born there January zy, 1680, died 
there July i, 1738. Children: i. Robert, born 
December 20, 1705, died January i, 1790; mar- 
ried, November 3, 1729, Jemima Pratt. 2. 
Christopher, born February 27, 1707-08, died 

October 3, 1759; married Mary . 3. 

Lydia, born June 26, 1710; married, February 

3, 1730-31, John Waterhouse. 4. Daniel, born 
October 3, 1712, died December 28, 1782; 
married Anna Bull. 5. Jeremiah, born Jan- 
uary 13, 1715; married (first), March 20, 
1739-40, Prudence Belden, and probably (sec- 
ond) Deborah . 6. Phebe, born May 

2/, 1717; married, June i, 1740, Benjamin 
Merrill. 7. Jonathan, referred to below. 8. 
John, married Deborah . 

(V) Jonathan, son of Robert (3) and Mary 
(Grinnell) Lay, was born in Saybrook, Con- 
necticut, about 1721, died there in 1779. He 
married Mary Spencer, born in 1721, died in 
1793. Children: i. Jonathan, born April 10, 
1748, died April 13, 1831 ; married (first), 
April 5, 1769, Abigail Lay, (second), January 
9, 1772, Anna Murdock, and (third) Nancy 
Elliott. 2. Mary, referred to below. 3. Ezra, 
born April 26, 1752, died January 31, 1793; 
married, March 31, 1785, Mehitabel Kelsey. 

4. Hannah, born April 27, 1754, died May 16, 
1824; married (first), February 5 or 6, 1772, 
Abraham Murdock, (second), May 17, 1780, 
Seth Smith. 5. Phebe, born March 20, 1758, 
died in 1789 or 1790; married Dr. William 
Gayle. 6. John, born August 28, 1760, died 
February 5, 1844; married, in 1784, Phebe 
Lee. 7. Lydia, born September 7, 1763, died 
December 7, 1764. 

(VI) Mary, daughter of Jonathan and 
Mary (Spencer) Lay, was born in Westbrook, 
Connecticut, October 21, 1749. She married 
(first), November 9, 1768, Enoch Murdock, 
(second), July 27, 1780, Jesse Wood, (third) 
Major Richard White, of Lyme, Connecticut, 
whom she survived several years. She had 
six children by her second husband, but none 
by her third. Children of Enoch and Mary 
(Lay) Murdock: i. Lydia, married Thomas, 
son of Captain Jonathan (2) and Elizabeth 
(Welles) Hale (see Hale V). 2. A daugh- 
ter, married Elliott. 



The names of Wye. Wyke, 
WICKES Wikes, Weeks, Wix, \\'eekes, 

Wick, Wicks and Wickes. rep- 
resent families in history as far back as the 
Conquest of England. One of the greatest habi- 



598 



NEW ENGLAND. 



tats of the name was and still is in the neigh- 
borhood of Hastings, Sussex county, England. 
The syllable of Wick is found in the names of 
many places, as Marwick, Padwick, Wick- 
ham, Wickfield, etc. It is the Anglo-Saxon 
wic or wye, and signifies dwelling-place, man- 
sion, borough, village, street, monastery, cas- 
tle, camp or military station. Several parishes 
in England and Scotland are designated by 
this word without any qualifying addition. 
Gualterus Diaconus, the ancestor of the De 
Hastings family, lords of the barony of Has- 
tings, held a knight's fee in Wikes at the mak- 
ing of Domesday. Prior to the Norman Con- 
quest the "ancient and noble family of Wakes" 
is named in English history. Lower says : 
"This family claim from Hugh Wac, Lord of 
Wilesford, county of Lincoln, whose line 
ended with Lord Wake." Other authorities 
claim their origin from Hereford Le Wake, 
1041, and Archbishop Wake disowns the Nor- 
man derivation and considers the name Le 
Wake, or the Watchful, a title given to Here- 
ford, as characteristic of a skillful military 
commander. The name Wake appears in some 
copies of the so-called Battle Abbey Roll. 
The Neiv England Genealogical and Historical 
Register, Boston, 1851, says: "The name of 
Weeks or Weekes is said by good authority 
(Air. Lysons) to have been originally Wray, 
but took the form of Wyke on the settling of 
the family at North Wyke county of Devon, 
in Rich. II., 1377-95- Francis Weeks, the 
last male heir of that branch in England, died 
in 161 1. Those bearing the surname of Weeks 
or Wickes were yeomen of Norman origin, 
men of enterprise and endeavor, and with 
worldly means, and they early acquired pos- 
sessions of importance. Representatives of 
different branches of this family came to 
America between 1634 and 1640." 

(I) Thomas Weekes, the immigrant ances- 
tor, embarked on the "Expedition," Peter 
Blackley, master, November 20, 1635, at which 
time he was about twenty-three years old. He 
is first noticed as "one of the earliest settlers 
of Wethersfield," in the Connecticut Colony. 
October 30, 1640, Thomas Weekes, John Jes- 
sup and Rev. Richard Denton, together with 
seventeen others, having previously purchased 
from the Indians, purchased of the New Ha- 
ven Colony, Rippowanes, now Stamford, on 
condition that Rev. Mr. Denton should remove 
there by the following March, and the others 
by November, 1641. When Rev. Mr. Denton, 
accompanied by a part of his congregation, 
migrated to Hempstead, Long Island, in 1644. 
Mr. Weekes did not go with him. He went 
to Long Island, however, and is first noticed 
as of Huntington, purchased from the Indians 



in 1653, and settleil by ten families. He was 
of Huntington in 1662 and died in 1671. He 
was constable of Huntington under the char- 
ter of Connecticut ; was a staunch Puritan, and 
his name appears in many public documents. 
His will is dated 1670 and was probated March 
19, 1671. Air. Weekes married Isabella, daugh- 
ter of Richard Harcutt, of Oyster Bay. Chil- 
dren : I. Thomas, see forward. 2. John, born 
1652 or 1653 ; was a justice of the peace as 
late as 1730; he married, 1673 (license dated 
April 25), Hester, daughter of John Ketcham 
or Ketchum, of Huntington. 3. Rebecca. 4. 
Martha. 5. Ehzabeth. 6. Mary. 7. Sarah. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Weekes, was probably born in Oyster Bay, 
Long Island, 1650 or 1651, and died about 
1725. In deeds of 1708-11-14-25, we find his 
name recorded as Captain Thomas Wicks. He 

married Deborah . Children : Thomas, 

see forward; Philip, had a wife Martha in 
1699: Samuel, Joseph, married Hannah Lewis 

or Lewes; Ruth, married (first) 

Brush, (second) Joshua \\'ood : daughter, 
married Thomas Corey. 

(III) Thomas (3) Wickes, son of Captain 
Thomas and Deborah Weekes, was born about 
1675, the inscription on his tombstone read- 
ing: "Here lies buried the body of Captain 
Thomas \\'ickes, who departed this life Oct, 
24th, A. D. 1749, in the 74th year of his 
age." There is another tombstone to "Mar- 
garet Wickes, wife to ye late Capt. Thomas 
\Vickes. Died Sept. 18, 1767, aged about 85 
years." Sons: Thomas, born about 1703, died 
December 20, 1749; Silas, married, January 
2T,. 1727, Sarah Rogers; Eliphalet, see for- 
ward. 

(I\') Eliphalet, son of Caj^tain Thomas 
(3) and Margaret Wickes, was born in 1707 
i>r 1708, and died June 30. 1761. He is styled 
es(|uire on his tombstone. He was town clerk 
of Huntington in 1748, and afterward justice 
of the sessions. He married (first), Alarch 
26, 1730, Hannah Piatt, who died in 1731 ; 
(second), December 8, 1732, Jemima, born 
1708, died November 3, 1776, daughter of 
Jonathan Scudder. Children : Piatt, baptized 
Alay 9, 1731 ; Margaret, married Dr. Samuel 
Allen: Hannah, married John Brush: Elipha- 
let, died young; Mary, married Rev. John 
Close, colleague pastor of the Huntington 
church, 1766-73; Thomas, see forward. 

(\') Thomas (4), son of Eliphalet and Je- 
mima (Scudder) Wickes, was born August 
ID. 1744, and died November 30, 1819. He 
o])posed the measures of the British Parlia- 
ment at the breaking out of the revolutionary 
war, and was chairman of the committee of 
safety until after the British obtained pos- 



NEW EN(;r.AXD. 



599 



session of Long Island. He was captain of 
the Fifth Company, Colonel Smith's regiment, 
and served with General W'oodhull. He re- 
fused the protection of Lord Howe, aban- 
doned his estate, and took his wife and family 
to the barracks at Norwalk early in September, 
1776. Soon afterward he removed to the army 
headquarters at Fishkill, where he was given 
the rank of major in the quartermaster's de- 
partment, and remained there until the dis- 
bandment of the army in 1783. Three of his 
children died at Norwalk within four days, 
one of the remaining two dying at Fishkill. 
Three children w^ere born in the barracks — 
Frances, V'anW'yck and Hannah — and the two 
last-named and Eliphalet returned with their 
parents to their old home in Huntington. He 
served in the state legislature from the time 
of its formation until the close of the war. He 
maintained confidential relations with Wash- 
ington and Clinton, and was appointed by 
Governor Clinton as high sherifif of Suffolk, 
being the first incumbent of the office after the 
war, and held this office eight years. In 1795 
he retired from public life, sold his property 
in Babylon, and purchased Little Neck, con- 
sisting of three hundred acres. This he sold 
in 1813 and removed to Jamaica, where he re- 
mained until his death. 

He married (first), May 13, 1762. Sarah 
Brush: (second), September 8, 1767, Abigail, 
born 1748, died March 15, 1816, daughter of 
Barent and Hannah (Carmen) Van Wyck. 
Children of second marriage: i. Scudder, born 
at Huntington, September 9, 1768, died at 
Norwalk, Connecticut, September 28, 1776. 2. 
Eliphalet, see forward. 3. Frances, born at 
Huntington, October 25, 1770, died at Nor- 
walk, September 30, 1776. 4. \'an Wyck, 
born at Huntington, March 4, 1773, died at 
Norwalk, October 2, 1776. 5. Thomas, born 
at Huntington, March 25, 1775, died at Fish- 
kill, 1779. 6. Frances, born at Fishkill Bar- 
racks, March 30. 1777, died in infancy. 7. Van 
Wyck, born at Fishkill, April 29, 1779, died 
at Orange, New Jersey, June 13, 1865; he 
married Eliza, daughter of Stephen Herriman, 
of Jamaica, and had ten children. 8. Hannah, 
born at Fishkill, December, 1781, died at Ja- 
maica, Long Isl.ind, March 8, 1816: she mar- 
ried Joseph L. Hewlett, of Great Neck, and 
had three children. 9. Thomas, born at 
Huntington, March 19, 1784, died in New- 
York City, October 12, 1801. 10. Scudder, 
born at Huntington, May 27, 1786, died at 
age of one year. 11. Harriet, born at Hunt- 
ington, 'Slay 25, 1789, died at Troy, New York, 
April 12, 1875. 

(NT) Eliphalet (2), son of Thomas (4) 
and Abigail (\'an Wyck) \\'ickes, was born 



April I, 1769, and died June 7. 1850. He was 
seven years of age when his parents removed 
to Fishkill Barracks, and at a very early age 
his father employed him as an express rider 
to various important points. He was favored 
with the confidence of Washington, and on 
many occasions was the bearer of important 
dispatches from him. At the taking of Stony 
Point, when he was ten j-ears old, he bore the 
news to General Gates at Providence, Rhode 
Island, who was so pleased with the good 
news and the age of the bearer that he gave 
him much attention, and the officers made 
up a purse of one hundred and thirty dollars 
of Continental money for him. At the close 
of the war he was fourteen years old, and 
upon his return to his home he took up the 
study of law in the office of Abraham Skinner, 
Esq., of Jamaica, where he was admitted to 
practice while still a very young man. His 
pleading was terse and forceful, and he bore 
the title on Long Island of "the honest lawyer." 
He represented his district in congress, 1805- 
07 : was the first postmaster of Jamaica, be- 
ing appointed by Jefferson, and held the office 
continuously until the administration of Jack- 
son. He professed his faith in Christ when 
he was about forty-eight years old, became a 
ruling elder in the Presbyterian church, and 
for more than thirty years set apart a certain 
percentage of his income for the cause of re- 
ligion. He was elected a corporate member of 
the American Board of Commissioners of 
Foreign Missions in 1839. He founded a 
scholarship which bears his name in Prince- 
ton Theological Seminary in 1825. He lived 
in Jamaica until 1835, when he removed to 
Troy, New York, where his death occurred. 
He married, November 28, 1790, Martha Her- 
riman, born July 23, 1766, died at Jamaica, 
May 7, 1824 (see forward). Children, all 
born at Jamaica: i. Thomas Scudder, see for- 
ward. 2. Eliza IMartha, born February 5, 
1801, died at Troy, September 9, 1835; mar- 
ried Dr. Aldis Allen. 3. Frances, born May 12, 
1805, died in Chicago, Illinois, January 18, 
1875: married Rev. John Blatchford. 4. Har- 
riet, born June 13, 1807, died at Troy, May 
14, 1836: married Henry Punnett. 

John Harriman, the direct ancestor of Mar- 
tha ( Herriman ) \\'ickes, was in New Haven, 
Connecticut, as early as 1646. Rev. John Har- 
riman, son of the preceding, died in Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey, 1705; he had children; 
John, who was a land surveyor : Richard, and 
Stephen, who was born in 1689, and was in 
Elizabethtown as late as 1729: he had a num- 
ber of children, among them being Joseph and 
Stephen, the latter born in 1730: this Stephen 
changed the name to Herriman. removed to 



6oo 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Jamaica. Long Island, where he died in 1770; 
he married Martha Denton, and had : Stephen, 
James and Martha, the latter becoming the 
wife of Eliphalet Wickes. 

(VII) Rev. Thomas Scudder Wickes, son 
of Eliphalet and Martha (Herriman) Wickes, 
was born at Jamaica, Long Island, April 18, 
1795, and died at Poughkeepsie, New York, 
November 30, 1876. He married (first), Sep- 
tember 7, 1819, Maria Punnett, who died at 
Jamaica, April 9, 1821. He married (sec- 
ond), September 15, 1829, Julia, born in Lan- 
singburg. New York, January 31, 1809, died 
in Poughkeepsie, November 17, 1895, daugh- 
ter of Sylvanus and Olive (Fitch) Penniman, 
of Albany. New York. (See Bradford and 
Ripley forward). Only child of first marriage: 
I. Eliphalet, born June 15, 1820. at Jamaica, 
died at Englewood, New Jersey, February 21, 
1899. Children of second marriage of Rev. 
Thomas Scudder Wickes: 2. Maria Punnett, 
born at Sand Lake, New York, October 7, 
1832, died at Poughkeepsie, January 22, 1856. 
3. Cordelia Penniman, born at Sand Lake, 
March 22, 1834, died at Ballston, December 16, 
1845. 4- Henry Sylvanus, born at Sand Lake, 
October 14, 1835, died at Albany, December 
27, 1837. 5. Harriet, born at Albany, Septem- 
ber 7, 1837; married John F. Winslow, of 
Troy, New York, and has one child. 6. Char- 
lotte Penniman, born at Ballston, August 23, 
1839: married Rev. Francis B. Wheeler, of 
Poughkeepsie, and has one child. 7. James 
Henry, born at Ballston. June 25, 1841, died 
September 2^. 1892. 8. Edward Allen, see 
forward. 9. George Todd, born at Ballston, 
.\pril 3, 1845: married Fannie Webster, of 
Chicago, and has three children. 10. Julia 
Fitch, born at Ballston, :\Iarch 19, 1847, died 
at Poughkeepsie, July 19, 1871. 11. Martha 
Herriman, born at Ballston, October 6, 1848, 
died at Newburgh. New York, January 29, 
1884; married Jonas Williams, and had three 
children. 

(VIII) Edward Allen, son of Rev. Thomas 
Scudder and Julia (Penniman) Wickes, was 
born in Ballston, April 10, 1843. He removed 
to Poughkeepsie, New York, with his parents 
in the fall of 1851, and was educated at pre- 
paratory schools at College Hill, Poughkeepsie, 
and at the \\'illiston Seminary, East Hampton. 
October 11. 1862, he was mustered into the 
L^nited States service as captain of Company 
G, One Hundred and Fiftieth New York Vol- 
unteers ; served with this regiment at Gettys- 
burg, and then with the Army of the Potomac 
until the Eleventh and Twelfth Army Corps 
were transferred to the command of General 
Sherman in Tennessee. He was then attached 
to the stafif of Major-General A. S. Williams, 



and was in active service throughout the sub- 
sequent Sherman campaigns, including the 
March to the Sea. By order of the President 
he was retained in service for six months fol- 
lowing the close of the war, to muster out 
portions of the Fourteenth and Twentieth 
.\rmy Corps. In March, 1865, he was brevet- 
ted major of volunteers. 

.\t the conclusion of his military service Mr. 
Wickes removed to New York, where he rep- 
resented the Tredegar Iron Works, of Vir- 
ginia, from 1869 to 1873. Late in the latter 
year he became vice-president and acting presi- 
dent of the Canada Southern Railway and its 
allied companies. In association with Francis 
Lynde Stetson and William B. Rankine he 
organized a construction company in 1889 for 
the purpose of utilizing the power at Niagara 
I'alls. and he was elected vice-president of 
this company. At the present time ( 1912 ) 
he is president of the Niagara Falls Power 
Company, a successor to the original organiza- 
tion. He is also president of its affiliated com- 
panies in the cities of Tonawanda and Bufifalo. 
The history and scope of this body is so well 
known that it is unnecessary to enter into do 
tail in this place. He has served three succes- 
sive terms as president of the New York 
Eye and Ear Infirmary, and for the same 
period as an ex-officio director of the Roose 
velt Hospital. 

Mr. Wickes married, October 11, 1871. 
Mary \\'illiams Forsyth, of Newburgh (see 
Forsyth). Children: i. May Forsyth, born in 
New York, August 13, 1872; was educated in 
London and New York. 2. Forsyth, born in 
New York, October 26, 1876; he was educated 
in a preparatory school, St. Mark's, South- 
boro; graduated from Yale L^niversity in the 
class of 1898, and from Columbia Law School 
in 1900. He married, April 27, 1905, Marian 
.Arnot, daughter of George Griswold and 
Fanny (Arnot) Haven, of New York City, 
the latter a native of Elmira, New York ; they 
have children : Fanny Haven, born February 
3. 1906; Marian Forsyth, October i, 1907: 
Katharin Forsyth, June 17, 191 1. 

(The Bradford Line I. 

( I ) William Bradford, son of William 
Bradford, of Austerfield, England, Yorkshire 
county, was born in 1561, and died in 1591. 
He married, 1584. .Alice, daughter of John 
Hanson. 

(II) \\'illiam. son of William Bradford, 
was governor of the Plymouth Colony thirty- 
one years. He married (first) in England, 
Dorothy May, who was drowned shortly after 
her arrival in this country. He married (sec- 
ond), August 14, 1623, .Alice (Carpenter) 



NEW ENGLAND. 



60 1 



Southworth, bom in 1590, died March 26, 
1670. 

(III) Major William Bradford, son of 
Governor William and Alice (Carpenter) 
(Southworth) Bradford, was born June 17. 
1624, and died February 20, 1703-04. He 
married (first) Alice Richards, of Wey- 
mouth, and had sons : John, William, Thomas 
and Samuel. He married (second) Widow 
Wiswell, and had Joseph. He married (third) 
Mary, daughter of Deacon John Atwood, of 
Plymouth, and widow of Rev. John Holmes, 
the first minister of Duxbury ; sons by this 
marriage : Israel, Ephraim, David and Heze- 
kiah. In his will, dated June 29, 1703, he men- 
tions daughters : Mercy Steel, Hannah Ripley, 
Melatiah Steel, Mary Hunt, Alice Fitch and 
Sarah Barker. 

(IV) Hannah, daughter of Major William 
Bradford, married Joshua Ripley (see Ripley 
III). 

(The Ripley Line). 

( I) William Ripley, or Replye, as the name 
was originally spelled, came from Hingham, 
Norfolk county, England, in 1638, with wife, 
two sons and two daughters, and settled at 
Hingham, Massachusetts. He was admitted a 
freeman May 18, 1642. His will is dated 
June 30, 1656, and he died July 20 of the 
"same year. The name of his first wife has 
not been preserved. He married (second) 
F^lizabeth, widow of Thomas Thaxter, and she 
married (third) John Dwight, of Dedham. 
Children: i. John, see forward. 2. Abra- 
ham, married Mary Farnsworth, who married 
(second) Edward Jenkins; children: Mary, 
Abraham, Elizabeth, Joseph, Esther, Rebecca, 
Isaac. James and Alice. 3. Sarah, married 
Jeremiah Beale. 4. A daughter. 

(ID John, son of William Ripley, died 
February 2, 1684. He had land granted him 
at Hingham in 1655, and was admitted a free- 
man ]\Iav 14, 1656. He married Elizabeth, 
daiighter'of Rev. Peter Hobart, first pastor of 
the church at Hingham. Children: i. John, 

married Jane , of Hingham. 2. Joshua, 

see forward. 3. Jeremiah, went to Windham, 
Connecticut; he married (first) Mary Gager, 
(second) Ann Davidson. 4. Josiah. went to 
Weymouth, Massachusetts; married Joanna 

— . 5. Peter, remained at Hingham ; 

married SaVah Lazell. 6. Rebecca. 7. Heze- 
kiah, went to Norwich, Connecticut. 

nil) Joshua, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Hobartj Ripley, was born May 9, 1658, and 
died May 18, 1739. He went to Windham, 
Connecticut. He married, November 28, 1682, 
Hannah Bradford (see Bradford IV). He 
held manv town offices. Children: i. Alice, 



married Samuel Edgerton, of Norwich, Con- 
necticut. 2. Hannah, married Samuel Webb, 
of Windham. 3. Faith, married Samuel 
Brigham, of Scotland, Connecticut. 4. Joshua, 

see forward. 5. Margaret, married 

Seabury, of Lebanon, Connecticut. 6. Ra- 
chel, married Winslow Tracey, of Norwich. 
7. Leah, twin of Rachel, married (first) Sam- 
uel Cook, (second) James Bradford, of Can- 
terbury, Connecticut. 8. Hezekiah, married 
(first) Miriam Fitch, (second) Mary Skin- 
ner. 9. David, married Lydia Carey. 10. 
Irene, married Samuel Manning. 11. Je- 
rusha, married Edward Brown, of Windham. 

12. xAnn, twin of Jerusha, married Dr. Solo- 
mon Wheat, of Windham. 

(IV) Joshua (2), son of Joshua (i) and 
Hannah (Bradford) Ripley, was born May 

13, 1688, and died November 18, 1773. He 
married, December 3. 1712, Mary Backus, of 
Windham. Children: i. Mary, married Joshua 
Abbe, of Windham. 2. Phineas, died aged 
about thirty years. 3. Hannah. 4. Nathan- 
iel, married Ann Ripley, of Windham. 5. 
Elizabeth, married John Alden, of Lebanon, 
Connecticut. 6. Joshua, see forward. 7. 
Ebenezer, married Mehetable Burbank, of 
Windham. 8. William, married Lydia Brew- 
ster, of Windham. 9. John, married Abigail 
Marsh, of Hartford, Connecticut. 

(\') Joshua (3), son of Joshua (2) and 
Mary (Backus) Ripley, was born October 30, 
1726, died in December, 1787. He married, 
Alarch 26, 1748, Elizabeth Lathrop, of Wind- 
ham. Children: Eliphalet, Ralph, married 
Eunice Huntington, of Windham; Elizabeth, 
married Thomas Dyer, of Windham; Olive, 
see forward ; Roger, lost at sea ; Joshua, lost 
at sea ; Lydia, married Christopher Fitch ; Na- 
thaniel, married Sybil Huntington; Rev. Eras- 
tus, married Elizabeth Sherman ; Mary, mar- 
,-ie<l Rogers, of Vergennes, Vermont. 

( \'I ) Olive, daughter of Joshua and Eliza- 
beth (Lathrop) Ripley, was born September 
13, 1756. She married (first) Jabez Fitch, 
who died ]m\& 23, 1789; (second) Eleazer 
Fitch. 

(VII) Olive, daughter of Jabez and Olive 
(Ripley) Fitch, married Sylvanus J. Penni- 
man, a prosperous oil merchant of Albany. He 
was the son of Dr. Elias Penniman, of Hard- 
wick, who married, December 6. 1773, Nancy, 
second daughter of Captain Ebenezer Jenks, 
of Providence, Rhode Island. 

(VIH) Julia, daughter of Sylvanus J. and 
Olive (Fitch) Penniman. married Rev. 
Thomas Scudder Wickes (see Wickes VII). 

(The Forsyth Line). 

(I) John Forsyth was born in Aberdeen, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Scotland, 1791, and settled in Newbiirgh, New 
York. He was probably a son of Alexander 
Forsyth, born 1707, a merchant and magis- 
trate of Elgin, Scotland, who was twice mar- 
ried and had twenty-one children. He mar- 
ried, at Newbiirgh, Janet Currie. Children : 
I. John, D.D. and LL.D., died in 1887, with- 
out issue ; he was a professor at Princeton 
College, New Jersey, and chaplain at the 
United States Military Academy at West 
Point. 2. Robert Alexander, see forward. 3. 
Isabella, born in Newburgh ; married Charles 
Little. 4. James Christie, born in Newburgh ; 
married at Kingston, New York, Mary Cath- 
erine, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Jacobus 
Severyn Bruyn. 

(II) Robert Alexander, son of John and 
Janet (Currie) Forsyth, was born in New- 
burgh, 1814, and died, 1873. He married 
Charlotte Pierson, daughter of Samuel and 
Mary Anne (Johnes) Williams (see Johnes 
YII). Children: i. Mary Williams, see for- 
ward. 2. George Wallace, born 1854; mar- 
ried Emily A'ermilye, daughter of John E. 
Burrill, of New York City. 

(III) Mary Williams, daughter of Robert 
Alexander and Charlotte Pierson (Williams) 
Forsyth, was born September 3, 1847 ; she 
married Edward Allen Wickes (see Wickes 
VIII). 



( I) Richard Johnes, of Somerset, England, 

died about 1641. He married Alice , 

who died April, 1643; ^h^ married (second), 
1660, Thomas Halsey. 

(II) Edward, son of Richard and Alice 
Johnes, came to Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
with Winthrop in 1630, and died, 1659. He 
married Anne, daughter of George and Alice 
Griggs. Children : Samuel, see forward ; 
Mary, married John Trumbull ; Elizabeth. 

(III) Samuel, son of Edward and Anne 
(Griggs) Johnes, died in 1693. He married 
Sarah , who died October 2, 1692. Chil- 
dren : Phoebe, married Joshua Howell ; Sam- 
uel, see forwarfl ; Ephraim. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Sarah Johnes, was born 1672, died 1760. He 
married Esther, born 1678, died January 18, 
1752, daughter of Captain Thomas Stephens. 
Children : Samuel, married Hannah, daughter 
of Christopher Foster; Stephen, married 
Grace, daughter of Nathaniel Fitzrandolph ; 
Obediah, married (first) Esther Fithian, (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth Miller; Timothy, see forward; 

William, married Mary ; Elizabeth, 

married Saye. 

(V) Rev. Timothy Johnes, D. D., son of 
.Samuel (2) and Esther (Stephens) Johnes, was 



born May 24, 1717, died September 15, 1794. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Sayer, born July 
24, 1715, died September 19, 1748. Children: 
Pliny ; Theodosia, married Colonel Jacob Ford 
Jr. ; Samuel Stevens, married Elizabeth 

; Timothy, M. D., married Abigail Ju- 

liene. Rev. Timothy Johnes married (second), 
November 15, 1749, Keziah Ludlow. Chil- 
dren : Anna, married Joseph Lewis ; William, 
see forward. 

(VI) William, son of Rev. Timothy and 
Keziah (Ludlow) Johnes, was bom May 19, 
1755, and died in December, 1836. He mar- 
ried (first), June 9, 1783, Anna Brewster, 
who died January 21, 1785. He married (sec- 
ond) Esther Dubois, who died July 24, 1787, 
at the age of twenty-one years. He married 
(third), January i, 1794, Charlotte Pierson, 
born February 22, 1774, died in December, 
1845. Children, all of the third marriage: 
Mary ,\nne, see forward ; Charles Alexander, 
married Sarah, daughter of Waters Petit ; Jo- 
seph Lewis, married Elizabeth C. Gaston ; 
Elizabeth Caroline, married Zebulon Concklin ; 
Aaron Pierson, married Lydia Dennison; 
\\'illiam, died young; Harriet, died young; 

William, married Sarah ; Charlotte 

Pierson, married Canfield ; Louise, 

married Rev. Orlando L. Kirtland ; Edward 
Rudolphus, married Mary Annie Bennett ; 
Harriet, died aged sixteen. 

(VII) Mary Anne, daughter of William 
and Charlotte (Pierson) Johnes, was born 
1793, died October 15, 1875. She married, Oc- 
tober 15, 1812, Samuel Williams (see below). 
Children : Charlotte, see forward ; Jonas, mar- 
ried (first) Maria Rogers, (second) Martha 
Clark, (third) Martha Wickes; Eliza, married 
Samuel Walsh; William W., killed at Fair 
Oaks, 1862, married (first) Harriet P. Rice, 
(second) Annie, daughter of Judge Brown, of 
Newburgh, New York; Colonel George A., 
married Mary Drake ; Harriet, married Fran- 
cis P. Weed. 

Jonas, son of Jonas Williams and Sarah 
Fleet, and father of Samuel Williams, men- 
tioned above, was a direct descendant of Rich- 
ard Williams, of Long Island, and through 
his mother, Sarah Fleet, the fourth in descent 
from Bridget Cromwell, daughter of the Pro- 
tector by her second marriage in 1652 with 
General Charles Fleetwood. He married Abi- 
gail, daughter of Deacon Samuel Brewster, 
who settled on the Moodna in 1755, and was a 
direct descendant of William Brewster, of the 
"Mayflower." Children: Samuel, who was 
l^rominent in financial and educational matters, 
became the father of Mrs. Forsyth ; Richard ; 
Mary, married Jacob Drake, of New York; 
Ann, married John Nicoll, of New Windsor; 



NEW EXGLAXD. 



603 



Helen, married Dr. J. B. Johnes, of Morris- 
town, Xew Jersey ; Susan E., married Peter 
Roe. of New Windsor : xA.bigail, married Sam- 
uel Oakley. 

fX'TII) Charlotte Pierson, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Anne (Johnes) Williams, 
married (first) Edward Chittenden, (second) 
Robert .Mexander Forsyth (see Forsyth II). 
Children : Mary ' \\'illiams, see forward ; 
George Wallace. 

(IX) Mary Williams, daughter of Robert 
Alexander and Charlotte Pierson (Williams) 
Forsyth, married Edward Allen Wickes (see 
Wickes VIII). 



Richard \\'oodward, immi- 
WOODWARD grant ancestor, was born in 

England in 1590, died Feb- 
ruary 16, 1644-45. He sailed for New England 
in the ship "Elizabeth" of Ipswich, April 30, 
1635, with his wife Rose, aged fifty, and chil- 
dren, George and John, aged thirteen years. 
He settled at Watertown, Massachusetts, and 
was admitted a freeman, September 2, 1635. 
He was a miller and bought a windmill located 
at Boston and mortgaged or sold it in 1648. 
In 1642 he had a homestall of twelve acres, 
bounded by land of John Spring, Martin Un- 
derwood, and the highway, John Wincoll and 
John Knight, He had another lot bounded by 
land of Edward Row, Richard Benjamin and 
Edmund Blois, a total of three hundred and 
ten acres. He bought, in September, 1648, of 
Edward Holbrook and wife Anne, a mill in 
Boston and sold it in December, 1648, to Wil- 
liam Aspinwall. The inventory of his estate 
was filed April 4, 1665. His wife Rose died 
October 6, 1666, aged eighty years. He mar- 
ried (second) Ann Gates, born 1603, widow 
of Stephen Gates, of Cambridge. She died 
in Stow, February 5, 1682-83. 

(II) George, son of Richard W'oodward, 
was born in England in 1622. He came with 
parents and brother in 1635 in the ship "Eliza- 
beth." He was admitted a freeman. May 6, 
1646. He removed from Watertown to Brook- 
line (Muddy River) in Boston. He was se- 
lectman of Watertow-n in 1674. He married 

(first) Mary : (second), August 17, 

1639, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Ham- 
mond, of Newton. Her father in his will, 
proved Xovember 5, 1675, gave her a hundred 
acres of land in jXfuddy River, probably 
where George Woodward lived. George 
Woodward died May 31, 1676, and adminis- 
tration was granted to his widow, June 20, 
1676. His widow married (second) Samuel 
Truesdale. Children of first wife: Mary, born 
August 12. 1641 : Sarah, February 6, 1642-43; 
Amos, died at Cambridge, October 9, 1679, 



mentioning his brothers and sisters in his will; 
Rebecca, born December 30, 1647; John, men- 
tioned below; Susanna, September 30, 1651, 
unmarried ; Daniel, September 2, 1653, inher- 
ited the homestead ; Mary, June 3, 1656. Child 
of second wife, George, born September i, 
1660. 

(Ill) John, son of George Woodward, was 
born at Watertown, March 28, 1649. He mar- 
ried (first) Rebecca Robbins, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts; (second). July 7, 1686, Sarah 
Bancroft, of Reading. She died September 
22. 1723. They lived at Newton, Massachu- 
setts. Children : John, born in Newton, Sep- 
tember 7, died September 22, 1674; John, July 
12, 1675, in Newton; Richard, mentioned be- 
low: Rebecca, October 29, 1679, died young; 
Daniel, September 22, 1681 ; Rebecca, Febru- 
ary 2, 1682-83; ^lary, October 6, 1684; Jona- 
than, September 25, 1685 : Joseph, November 
26, 1688: Ebenezer, March 12, 1690-91: Abi- 
gail, May 25, 1695. 

( I\') Richard (2), son of John Woodward, 
was born December 26, 1677. On November 
8, 1708, he bought some land in Canterbury, 
Connecticut, and probably moved there at that 

time. He married and had a 

son Amos, mentioned below. 

(\') Amos, son of Richard (2) Woodward, 
was born at Newton, April 2, 1702, died Jan- 
uary 29, 1753, at Canterbury, Connecticut. He 

married and had a son Enos, 

mentioned below. 

(VI) Enos, son of Amos Woodward, was 
born January 31, 1726. About a year before 
the Declaration of Independence he moved 
to Wallenpaupack, in what is now Pike county, 
Pennsylvania. He was troubled much by the 
Indians and driven from his new home many 
times during the revolution by them, but al- 
ways returned, and when he died he was bur- 
ied there. His wife, who survived him many 
years, was buried at Qierry Ridge, Wayne 
county, Pennsylvania. Among their children 
was Abishai, mentioned below. 

(XTI) Abishai, son of Enos Woodward, 
was born at Canterbury, Connecticut, January 
10, 1768, died on his farm near Bethany, No- 
vember 27, 1829. He moved with his father 
to Northern Pennsylvania. A few years later 
he lost his left hand by an accident, and was 
compelled to give up farming. He then began 
to prepare himself to be a teacher, and then 
moved to Bethany, Wayne county. Pennsyl- 
vania, where he opened a school. He served 
also as constable, deputy sheriff, justice of the 
peace, sheriff and associate judge. He mar- 

rie<l in Paupack, October 6, 1789, . 

fie had a son, George \\'ashington, mentioned 
below-. 



6o4 



XEW EXGLAXD. 



(VIII) George Washington, son of Abishai 
Woodward, was born in Bethany, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 26, 1809, died in Rome, Italy, 
May 10, 1875. He received his education at 
Geneva Seminary and at Hobart College, Ge- 
neva, New York, being transferred from there 
to Wilkes-Barre Academy, then under the 
charge of Dr. Orton. He then studied law 
with Thomas Fuller, of Wayne county, and 
with Hon. Garrick Mallery at Wilkes-Barre. 
He was admitted to the bar, August 3, 1830, 
and in 1836 was elected a delegate to reform 
the constitution of the state. In 1841 he was 
appointed president judge of the fourth ju- 
dicial district, composed of counties of Mif- 
flin, Huntington, Centre, Clearfield and Clin- 
ton. In 1844 he was the caucus nominee of 
the Democratic members of the legislature of 
Pennsylvania for United States senator, but 
was defeated in the election by Simon Cam- 
eron, the candidate of the Whigs. In 1845 
he was nominated by President Polk a justice 
of the supreme court of the United States, but 
his confirmation was defeated in the senate. In 
1852 he was appointed by Governor Bigler a 
judge of the supreme court of Pennsylvania, 
and in the fall of 1852 was elected for the full 
term of fifteen years. He was Democratic 
candidate in 1863 for governor against An- 
drew G. Curtin, and was defeated by a major- 
ity of 15,000, although Luzerne county gave 
him a majority of 2,786. He acted as chief 
justice for the last four years of his term of 
office, by virtue of the seniority of his com- 
mission. In 1867-68 he was elected to repre- 
sent the twelfth district in the fortieth and 
forty-first congresses. In 1873 he was elected as 
a delegate-at-large to the last constitutional 
convention on the Democratic ticket. He mar- 
ried, September 10, 1832, Sarah Elizabeth, 
only daughter of George W. Trott, M. D. 
Among their children was Stanley, mentioned 
below. 

(IX) Judge Stanley Woodward, son of 
George Washington Woodward, was born at 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in 1833, died in 
1907. He received his college preparation at 
the Episcopal high school of Virginia, near 
Alexandria, and at Wyoming Seminary, 
Kingston, where Governor Hoyt was his in- 
structor in Latin and Greek. He then entered 
Yale College, where he became distinguished 
for his marked literary ability, winning sev- 
eral prizes for excellence in English composi- 
tion. He was particularly proficient in the for- 
ensic departments of the course, and was 
elected editor of the Vale Literary Magazine, 
the oldest college magazine in the L-nited 
States. He was a member of the famous col- 
lege fraternity, the Skull and Bones Society, 



and his eldest son, John Butler, was also a 
member. He was graduated from the college 
in 1855, and then began the study of law in 
Wilkes-Barre in the office of his cousin, Hon. 
Warren J. Woodward, afterward judge of the 
supreme court of Pennsylvania. He had 
studied law during his senior year at college, 
and so made rapid progress, being admitted 
to the bar of Luzerne county, August 4, 1856. 
He succeeded to the practice of his cousin, 
Warren J. Woodward, who had just been ap- 
pointed to the president judgeship of the dis- 
trict comprising the counties of Wyoming, Co- 
lumbia and Sullivan, and always had a large 
and lucrative practice until his appointment to 
the bench by his former instructor. Governor 
Hoyt. For most of the time he was one of the 
counsel of the Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern Railroad Company, the Lackawanna & 
Bloomsburg Railroad Company, the Delaware 
& Hudson Canal Company, and the Central 
Railroad of New Jersey. For years he was a 
trustee of the Home for Friendless Children, 
his wife being one of the managers, and for 
ten years he was attorney and solicitor of the 
institution. 

He served in the civil war as captain of 
Company H, Third Pennsylvania Regiment of 
Militia, for about two months in 1862, in the 
Antietam campaign. In 1863 he was captain 
of Company A, Forty-first Regiment of Penn- 
sylvania Militia, for three months in the Get- 
tysburg campaign. In one of the campaigns 
he raised his company in one night. In 1865 
he was a candidate for the state senate on the 
Democratic ticket, but was defeated by Hon. 
L. D. Shoemaker. In 1872 he was again de- 
feated by Mr. Shoemaker as a candidate for 
congress from counties of Luzerne and Sus- 
quehanna. In 1879 he was appointed to fill the 
vacancy of Hon. Garrick M. Harding, as ad- 
ditional law judge of Luzerne county, by Gov- 
ernor Hoyt. In 1880 he was the Democratic 
candidate for additional law judge and was 
elected by nearly a thousand plurality over 
Hon. Hubbard B. Payne, Republican, and 
Agib Ricketts, X'^ational candidate. 

In 1837 Judge Woodward joined the 
Wilkes-Barre fire department as a member of 
the Good Will Fire Company, and two years 
later was elected assistant engineer. He suc- 
ceeded Weaker G. Sterling as chief engineer, 
and held that office until 1879, when he re- 
signed. During his administration a paid de- 
partment was organized and it was classed by 
the board of underwriters as among the most 
efficient in the country, being ranked among 
the six cities of the first class. At the time of 
his resignation the city council passed resolu- 
tions commending his efficiency and fidelity 



XEW ENGLAND. 



60; 



and thanking him for his services. From 
i860 to 1863 he was a member of the city 
council from Ward 2. During 1855-56 he was 
editor of the Lucerne Union. In 1876 he 
served on the governor's staff with the rank 
of colonel. In 1878 he was a member of the 
executive committee in charge of the Wyoming 
Centennial Celebration and procured the sub- 
scription of half the amount raised for ex- 
penses. He was chief marshal of the grand 
parade on July Fourth, at which President 
Hayes and some of his cabinet were present, 
and which is remembered as one of the great- 
est displays of its kind ever seen in the state. 

Judge Woodward possessed a remarkably 
attractive personality and was popular in all 
the walks of life. Of fine physique, he en- 
joyed good health throughout most of his long 
and very active life. He was tall and hand- 
some, a gifted speaker, fluent in speech, quick 
at repartee and of keen wit. He was in much 
demand as a speaker at banquets and on other 
occasions. As an advocate he was logical and 
persuasive and he won a foremost place at the 
bar. Upon his promotion to the bench he 
demonstrated especial aptitude for judicial 
service. His knowledge of law was profound 
and his dignity and courtesy as a magistrate 
won the respect of lawyers and juries alike. 
In all his public duties he was impartial, faith- 
ful and upright, an exemplary citizen of the 
republic, fulfilling everv trust faith fullv and 
well. 

He married. June 3, 1857, Sarah Richards, 
a daughter of Colonel John Lord Butler, and 
great-granddaughter of Colonel Zebulon But- 
ler, who was commander of the colonial forces 
at the time of the Wyoming Valley Massacre. 
The first court held in Luzerne county was at 
the house of Colonel Zebulon Butler, at the 
corner of River and Northampton streets, aft- 
erward owned by Judge Woodward. John 
Lord Butler married Cornelia, daughter of 
Deacon Samuel Richards, a captain of the 
Connecticut line during the revolution. He 
marched from Farmington, Connecticut, to 
Boston, in time to participate in the battle of 
Bunker Hill and served throughout the war. 
He kept an excellent diary, which has been pre- 
served, and which was privately printed in 
1909, making a book of 117 pages. He vividly 
describes the campaigns and battles in which 
he was engaged. He was an eye-witness of 
the execution of Major Andre, and it is inter- 
esting to note was at West Point during the 
war at the same time as Colonel Zebulon But- 
ler. Captain Richards was a member of the 
Society of Cincinnati. At the close of the war 
he returned to Farmington, Connecticut, and 
was postmaster there for twenty years. Cap- 



tain Richards married, April 27, 1796, Sarah, 
daughter of Jonathan and Katherine ( Salton- 
stall) Welles. Captain Richards was born in 
1753, died at the age of eighty-seven years. 
Jonathan Welles was son of Thomas Welles, 
grandson of Samuel ^^'eIles and great-grand- 
son of Thomas Welles, the immigrant, men- 
tioned elsewhere in this work. Katherine Sal- 
tonstall was a daughter of Roswell Saltonstall, 
of Brandford, and wife, Mary (Haynes) 
(Lord) Saltonstall, daughter of John Haynes, 
A. ]\I., of Hartford, granddaughter of Rev. 
Joseph Haynes, A. M., of Hartford, and great- 
granddaughter of Governor John Haynes, of 
Massachusetts and Connecticut. Roswell Sal- 
tonstall was a son of Governor Gurdon Sal- 
tonstall, of New London, Connecticut, grand- 
son of Colonel Nathaniel Saltonstall, of Hav- 
erhill, Massachusetts, great-grandson of Rich- 
ard Saltonstall, of Ipswich. Richard Salton- 
stall was a son of Sir Richard Saltonstall, am- 
bassador at one time from England to Hol- 
land, an influential factor of the settlement 
and upbuilding of the New England colonies. 
Children of Judge and Mrs. Woodward : 
Daughter, died in infancy ; John Butler, grad- 
uate of Yale College ; George, mentioned be- 
low. 

(X) Dr. George (2) Woodward, son of 
Judge Stanley Woodward, was born at Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, June 22, 1863. He re- 
ceived his early education in private schools 
and at Wilkes-Barre Academy, where he was 
prepared for college. In 1883 he entered Yale 
L'niversity and was graduated in the class of 
1887 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In 
the following year he received the degree of 
Ph. B., after a graduate course. He received 
his medical training at the L'niversity of Penn- 
sylvania, graduating with the degree of Doc- 
tor of Aledicine in 1891. Dr. ^^oodward has 
practiced since graduation in the city of Phila- 
delphia. From 1897 to 1900 he was a member 
of the Philadelphia board of health. He has 
been active in municipal affairs and served on 
the famous committee of seventy. He is also 
a member of the permanent relief committee 
of Philadelphia, trustee of the Germantown 
Hospital, trustee, secretary and treasurer of 
the Chestnut Hill Academy, member of the 
Academy of Political and Social Science, of 
the Octavia Hill Association, the University 
and Art Clubs, and the Pennsylvania Society, 
Sons of the Revolution. He is a communicant 
of the Protestant Episcopal church. In politics 
he is a Republican. His office is in the North 
American Building ; his residence on Chest- 
nut Hill, Philadelphia. He married, October 
9, 1894, Gertrude, daughter of Henry Howard 
and Sally S. (Bonnell) Houston, of Philadel- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



])hia. Children : Houston H., born at Phila- 
delphia, February 2"], 1896; George, born at 
Philadelphia, December 25, 1898; Stanley, 
born at Philadelphia, March 12, 1899; Charles 
Henry, born at Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 
April 14, 1904; Gertrude, born at Philadelphia, 
April 25, 1909. 

The Passmore family is of 

PASSMORE old English ancestry, long 
established in county Berks, 
England. 

(I) William (2) Passmore, said to be a 
son of William (i) Passmore, was of Rus- 
combe, Berkshire, England, in the parish 
where William Penn died. He married, Jan- 
uary 6, 1654, Margery Ball, of Reading, Eng- 
land. Among their children was John, men- 
tioned below. 

(H) John, son of William (2) Passmore, 
was born in the parish of Hurst, Berkshire, 
England, about 1675. He was a farmer after 
coming to America in 1713. He settled first 
at Kennett, Pennsylvania, afterward removing 
to West Marlboro, where he died in 1746. He 
married, in England, November 3, 1701, Mary, 
daughter of Humphrey Buxsey. Children : 
William, John, Eleanor, Augustine, George, 
mentioned below ; Mary, Samuel. 

(IH) George, son of John Passmore, was 
born at West Marlboro, Pennsylvania, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1719, died May 19, 1801. He was 
also a farmer. He married, September 10, 
1742, Margaret, daughter of John Strode, 
and grtat-granddaughter of Evan Prothero, 
who immigrated to Pennsylvania from Wales. 
Among their children was John, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) John (2), son of George Passmore, 
was born m West Marlboro, Pennsylvania, 
July 2, 1743, died May 12, 1791. He was an 
ironmaster. He married, April 24, 1765, 
Phebe Pusey, granddaughter of William 
Pusey, of Chester, Pennsylvania, and Ellis 
Lewis, who came from Wales in 1708; great- 
granddaughter of John Bowater, who came 
from Worcestershire, England, in 1684, and 
Nathaniel Newlin, of Concord, Pennsylvania, 
who married, February 17, 1685, Mary Men- 
denhall, who came from Wiltshire, England. 
Among the children of John Passmore was 
Ellis, mentioned below. 

(V) Ellis, son of John (2) Passmore, was 
born at Doe Run or West Marlboro, Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, March i, 1771, died 
October 5. 1817. He learned the blacksmith's 
trade in his father's shop, and after his father 
died he succeeded to his forges and to the 
farm on Doe Run. He was a man of great 
energy and superior business ability. About 



1803 he bought a tract of land on Big Elk 
creek, in New London township, and erected 
thereon >vhat was long famous as the Pleas- 
ant (jardtT. Iron Works. He also became in- 
terested in other iron works on the same creek 
near Turkeytown, Cecil county, Maryland. In 
1814 he returned to his place on Doe Run, 
and in 1816 in partnership with his brother- 
in-law, Benjamin Jones, of Philadelphia, 
bought four thousand acres of land on the Po- 
tomac river in St. Mary's county, Maryland, at 
eight dollars an acre, and thither he removed 
with his family in May, 1 81 7. In September 
of that year he sent his children to Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, and started afterward 
with his wife for the same destination. But 
he was taken ill while visiting at Loudoun 
county, Virginia, and died at the home of his 
cousin, Whitson Birdsall, October 5, 1817. He 
was buried in the Friends' burying ground at 
Goose Creek, Loudoun county, Virginia. He 
was noted for his great st.rength and activity, 
and was an ingenious mechanic. He was the 
champion wrestler of his neighborhood, and 
It is said thst he was never defeated in a 
match. 

He married (first), December 20, 1791, 
Ruth Moore, born June 21, 1773, at Sadsbury, 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, died at Pleas- 
ant Garden Iron Works, Pennsylvania, June 
20, 1812, and is buried in the Friends' grounds. 
East Nottingham, Cecil county, Maryland. 
Ruth was of rather frail constitution, but of 
lovely, sweet disposition, a most amiable com- 
panion, a loving and indulgent mother. She 
was a daughter of Andrew and Ruth (Bird- 
sall) Moore, granddaughter of James Moore, 
who was son of Andrew Moore, the immi- 
grant. Ellis Passmore married (second), Oc- 
tober 6, 1813, Sarah, widow of William Hall, 
and sister of his first wife. Children by first 
wife: I. Phebe P., born September 16, 1792. at 
Doe Rim; married Josiah Kirk. 2. Ruth M., 
March 4, 1794, at Doe Run; married Lewis 
Kirk, farmer and paper manufacturer at Not- 
tingham, Pennsylvania. 3. Dr. Ellis P., March 
9, 1799; taught school in the south; graduate 
of the Lexington Medical College, Kentucky ; 
practiced in Mississippi and was also a planter ; 
went to the legislature; married (first) Sarah 
Pettis and (second) Esther A. Saunders, who 
married, after his death, Jackson Warren. 4. 
Andrew W., December 12. 1800; miller in 
Chester and Lancaster counties, Pennsylvania ; 
a Quaker; died January 5, 1874; married, No'- 
vember 15, 1820, Judith Wilson, who died at 
Oxford, Pennsylvania. February 14, 1885. 5. 
John AN'ardle. mentioned below. 6. George 
Birdsall, March 30, 1805, died in 1821. 7. 
Benjamin Jones, May 2j, 1807; a tailor by 



NEW ENGLAND. 



607 



trade ; coroner of Chester county and member 
of the legislature, associate judge; died March 
5, 1875: married, December 26, 1832, Sarah 
Haines, who died in Westchester, August 16, 
1880. 8. William W., November 11, 181 1, 
died four da3S later. Child by second wife: 
9. William Wallace, June 29, 1814; a mer- 
chant in Pennsylvania and in Jefferson county, 
Iowa; died at Burlington, Iowa, August 31, 
1890; married, November 12, 1835, Jane Ent- 
riken, born July 5, 1808, died January 25, 
i.%4. By her first marriage Sarah ( Moore j 
Hall had Ruth M. Hall, born September 13, 
1795; Andrew M. Hall, September 14, 1797, 
died in 1803; Eli Hall, July 21, 1803, died 
young. 

(VI) John Wardle, son of Ellis Passmore, 
was bc'rn (^c'.ober 31, 1802, died June 26, 1848, 
and was buried in the Friends' burying ground. 
East Notti.igham, Cecil county, Maryland. He 
was educated m the public schools, and learneil 
the trad; of carpenter, which he followed for 
a fev.- years with skill and industry. He was 
a man of indomitable energy and inflexible 
determination, and his health was impaired 
while still a young man by overwork and ex- 
posure. In 1825 he purchased his father-in- 
lawV farm en Octoraro creek, Chester county, 
Peniisyh'ania, where he settled and spent ilie 
remainder of ins Hfe. He was highly esteemed 
ari'.l tilled man) positions of trust and honor. 
He was twice elected county commissioner, a 
distinction never before accorded a citizen of 
Chester county. For several years prior to his 
death he was engaged in mining and shipping 
chrome ore. 

He married, October 31, 1822, Deborah, 
born January 12, 1801, daughter of Samuel 
and Elizabeth (Brown) Brown. She died at 
the residence of her son, John A. M. Passmore, 
in Philadelphia, aged ninety-four years, five 
months and twenty-one days. She was of 
great energy, industry and determination, traits 
of character inherited from a long line of 
Quaker ancestors. She was buried beside her 
husband. Children: i. Ellis Pusey, mentioned 
below. 2. Samuel Brown, born December 13, 
1827, in West Nottingham, Pennsylvania ; re- 
moved to Ohio township. Bureau county, Illi- 
nois, thence to Wright, Iowa, where he located 
on the prairie and became a well-to-do farmer ; 
died December 28, 1895; married, March 28, 
1850, Hannah M. Jackson, born March 17, 
1829. 3. Elizabeth Ruth, born November 12, 
1830; lived on the old Passmore farm at West 
Nottingham; married, August 12, 1852, Eli- 
phaz Cheyney, born March 12, 1823, died Oc- 
tober 14, 1863. 4. John Andrew Moore, born 
June 30, 1836; graduate of the Pennsylvania 
State Normal School at Millersville in i860; 



prominent school teacher ; nominee for auditor- 
general of the state and for many years a 
leader in state politics, a zealous Republican; 
served in the Twenty-seventh Pennsylvania 
Regiment in the civil war ; active in many char- 
ities and societies ; a lawyer, admitted to the 
bar in 1866; married, March 23, 1854, Harriet 
Hoopes, daughter of James and Ann (Taylor) 
Woodrow. She was born June 6, 1837. 

(VII) Ellis Pusey, son of John Wardle 
Passmore, was born August 4, 1823, at East 
Nottingham, Chester county, Pennsylvania. 
He settled early in life on a farm at Reynolds 
Mills, Cecil county, Maryland. In 1852 he 
bought a farm near the Octoraro Forge in the 
same county and cultivated it until 1865 when 
he purchased the old Passmore homestead on 
Octoraro creek, which he sold after living 
there one year. He then bought a large dairy 
farm about midway between Rising Sun and 
Northeast, Cecil county, where he resided some 
years. Afterward he removed to Rising Sun 
village, and became a dealer in phosphates and 
agricultural implements. When a young man 
he gave zealous support to the anti-slavery 
movement when to be an Abolitionist was to 
invite social ostracism and unpopularity. At 
one time he entertained Frederick Douglass, a 
negro, who had been a slave, and the editor of 
the local newspaper denounced him for allow- 
ing " a nigger to sit at his table on terms of 
equality." In replying to the attack, Mr. Pass- 
more took occasion to say that while he found 
in an encyclopedia of "Eminent Men of the 
Times" the name of this "negro" he failed to 
find there any mention of the editor. Mr. 
Passmore was also a believer in total abstinence 
and earnestly supported the temperance move- 
ment. He was a man of strong and decided 
character, opposing any .unjust encroachment 
upon individual rights and liberty. In 1893 he 
removed to Butte, Montana, where he spent 
his last years. 

He married, December 23, 1847, by Friends' 
ceremony, at the residence of her parents, 
Mary E. Lincoln, born June 8, 1824, near Ris- 
ing Sun, Cecil county, Maryland, daughter of 
John and Francina (Reynolds) Lincoln, of 
Cecil county, Maryland, granddaughter of Jo- 
seph Lincoln, of Berks county, Pennsylvania, 
a descendant of one of the Lincoln pioneers of 
Hingham, Massachusetts. All these Lincolns 
of Hingham were related. From one of them 
descended President Abraham Lincoln. Mrs. 
Passmore died August 14, 1893, and was buried 
in Rosebank cemetery, Calvert. Maryland. 
Children: i. John W.,born December 11, 1848: 
merchant at Butte, Montana : married, Decem- 
ber 23, 1869, Alice M. Martindale. 2. Lincoln 
K., mentioned below. 3. LeRoy C, born Janu- 



6o8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ary 8, 1854 ; merchant at Nottingham ; married, 
February 18, 1880, Rebecca Hunt. 4. Emma 
F., born November 16, 1855; married John D. 
Haines, an accountant in Butte. 5. Charles S., 
born July 11, 1858; real estate broker, Butte; 
married, December 8, 1886, Susan M. Came. 

6. Walter C, born December i, i860, died July 

7, 1889, at Rising Sun, Maryland; married, 
January 19, 1888, Lillian P. Haines. 7. Ellis 
P., born October 26, 1863, died November 19, 
1865. 8. Ellis Pusey, born February i, 1869; 
cashier of the Franklin National Bank, Phila- 
delphia. 

(Vni) Lincoln Knight, son of Ellis Pusey 
Passmore, was born September 2, 1850, at 
Rising Sun, Cecil county, Maryland. He at- 
tended various private and public schools, and 
resided on the homestead with his father until 
he came of age. He also attended the State 
Normal School at Millersville, Pennsylvania, 
and for about four years followed the pro- 
fession of teacher. Finding that he preferred 
a mercantile life he became a clerk in the office 
of Peter Wright & Sons, shipping merchants 
of Philadelphia in 1874, and here his natural 
ability and earnest application soon won him 
promotion, becoming in due time manager of 
the e.xport grain department. After eight 
years with this firm he engaged in the grain 
commission business on his own account, in 
partnership with Robert D. Work. After his 
partner retired in 1887, he continued the busi- 
ness under the name of L. K. Passmore & 
Company and became one of the leading mer- 
chants of Philadelphia, well known in the grain 
exporting business of the country. In 1892 
his business was merged with that of L J\L 
Parr & Son, shipping merchants, and Mr. 
Passmore became resident partner of the Phil- 
adelphia branch of .the concern. 

Since 1903, when Mr. Passmore was elected 
vice-president of the Penn ^Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company of Philadelphia, he has been 
more widely known in financial and insurance 
circles than as a merchant. He has been an 
active trustee in this company since 1889, and 
since June 8, 1903, has been vice-president, an 
office he has filled with conspicuous ability and 
efficiency. His office is in the building of the 
company at 925 Chestnut street, Philadelphia. 
In addition to his business and his duties as 
executive of the life insurance company, Mr. 
Passmore has found time for various other 
lines of activity. He is a member of the Pro- 
duce Exchange of New York ; the Board of 
Trade, the Maritime Exchange and the Com- 
mercial Exchange of Philadelphia, and for 
several years was president of the latter. He 
is also a director of the Bank of North Amer- 
ica, the Delaware Fire Insurance Company and 



the United Security Life Insurance and Trust 
Company of Philadelphia, and of other large 
corporations. He is keenly interested in public 
afl:airs and has been for many years a promi- 
nent member of the Union League Club, in 
which he has held many important offices. 
Like his father and most of his ancestors back 
to the days of William Penn, he is a member 
of the Society of Friends. He also belongs to 
the New England Society of Philadelphia, the 
Germantown Cricket and several other promi- 
nent clubs. 

He married, April 22, 1891, Ellen Frances, 
born December 21, 1856, daughter of John and 
Ellen (Wood) Faxon, and niece of the late 
Henry Faxon, the eminent temperance re- 
former of Ouincy, Massachusetts, and descend- 
ant of the old Faxon family of Braintree. Chil- 
dren : John Faxon, born in Germantown, March 
I, 1892, now a student at Cornell University; 
Lincoln A., born in Germantown, September 
8, 1894, a student preparing for college. 



According to genealogists who 
LANGDON have devoted special research 

to the subject the New Hamp- 
shire Langdons, whose ancestor was Tobias 
Langdon, of Portsmouth, are descended from 
the Langdon family of Keverel in Cornwell, 
England, near St. Germans. The antiquity of 
this house is indisputable, its name at the con- 
quest having been the Cornish one of Lizard. 
Arms : Argent, a chevron cotised between three 
dogs' heads, erased barways sable, muzzled of 
the field. Crest: On a mount vert a lizard of 
the last, gorged with two bars or. The two 
lines traced in the succeeding pages came down 
from Hon. Woodbury Langdon (1738-1805, 
great-grandson of Tobias the ancestor), who 
was a member of the continental congress and 
of the executive council of New Hampshire, 
and subsequently justice of the superior court 
of that state. He was a brother of the still 
more distinguished Hon. John Langdon (1739- 
1819), who also was a conspicuous promoter 
of American independence, and at various 
times was a member of the continental con- 
gress, member and speaker of the New Hamp- 
shire legislature, delegated to the federal con- 
stitutional convention, governor of New Hamp- 
shire, member of the United States senate, and 
firs't president of that body. Others of the 
Langdon family in the lines here considered 
have been actively identified with public affairs, 
and indeed this family has always been one ol 
peculiar civic prominence and usefulness. It 
is equally distinguished for its social standing 
and connections, its collaterals including many 
of the most important and interesting old colo- 
nial families. 




y/'rn. '■'^/ro^/l^ii-iy }^a^iaJc 



y ^^a/Lijacyi 



NEW ENGLAND. 



609 



(I) Tobias Langdon, the ancestor, came 
from England and settled in Portsmouth, New 
Hampshire. He died there on the 27th of 
Tune, 1664. Married, June 10, 1656, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Henry and Rebecca (Gib- 
bons) Sherburne. She was born August 4, 
1638. It is supposed that she was a descendant 
of Richard Sherburne, of "Stonyhurst," who 
with others of the nobility and gentry was call- 
ed upon in the year 1543 to furnish his quota 
of arms and men against the Scotch, was 
knighted May 11, I544,. and married Maud, 
daughter of Sir Richard Bold, Knight of Bold 
in the time of Henry VHL, by his wife Mar- 
garet, daughter of Sir Thomas Buller, knight 
of Bewsey. Elizabeth Sherburne's father, 
Henry Sherburne, the emigrant, born 1612, 
died 1681, came in the "James," June 12, 1632, 
settled in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and 
married, November 13, 1637, Rebecca, died 
lanuary 3, 1667, who was a daughter of Am- 
brose Gibbons, gentleman, deputy-governor of 
the province of New Hampshire. Mr. and 
Mrs. Langdon had four children, of whom 
one was Tobias, mentioned below. 

(II) Captain Tobias (2) Langdon, son of 
Tobias (i) and Elizabeth (Sherburne) Lang- 
don, was born in 1660. According to the "Pro- 
vincial Papers of New Hampshire," vol. ii., he 
was ensign, 1689-90; lieutenant, September 20, 
1692: captain, September 29, 1696, and justice 
of the peace, August 25, 1699. He was in 
active service on the frontier during Queen 
Anne's war. He died February 20, 1725. He 
married, 1686, Mary, daughter of Richard and 
Martha (Allen) Hubbard. Richard Hubbard, 
father of Mary Hubbard, died June 26, 1719. 
His wife, Martha Allen, died October 4, 1718, 
was the daughter of William and Ann (Good- 
ale ) Allen. Mr. and Mrs. Langdon had eight 
children, of whom the youngest was John, 
mentioned below. 

(Ill) lohn, son of Captain Tobias (2) and 
Mary (Hubbard) Langdon, was born May 
28, i'707, died February 27, 1780. He married 
Mary Hall, of E.xeter,' daughter of Josiah and 
Mary (Woodbury) Hall. Mary Hall died 
.April II, 1759. Her father, Josiah Hall, mar- 
ried Mary Woodbury, who was born August 
2^, 1689; he was son of Captain Kingsley Hall, 
born 1652, died 1736, who was captain of the 
train band, councillor, 1698, and judge of the 
supreme court, 1699; married, September 25, 
1670, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Dudley; 
he was son of Ralph Hall, born 1619, died 
March, 1701, who settled in Dover, 1650, re- 
moved to Exeter, 1664, was lieutenant, 1666, 
and representative to the general court. 1680; 

married Mary ; he was son of John Hall, 

from Dover, England, who with his children 



came to America. Mary Woodbury, wife of 
Josiah Hall, was daughter of Nicholas Wood- 
bury, born July, 1657, married, June 4, 1684, 
Ala'rv Eliott; he was son of Nicholas Wood- 
bury, born 1616, died May 19, 1686, married 
Ann Palsgrave. Elizabeth Dudley, wife of 
Captain Kingsley Hall, was daughter of Rev. 
Samuel Dudley, born 1606, died February 10, 
1(184, who came to America with his father 

and married as his third wife Elizabeth ; 

he was son of Governor Thomas Dudley, born 
in Northamptonshire, England, 1576, died July 
21, 1653, who came to .America in 1630, served 
as dPDuty-governor and governor of Massa- 
chusetts, and married Dorothy Yorke, born 
1582, died December 27, 1643. Mr. and Mrs. 
Langdon had six children, among whom were 
Woodbury, mentioned below ; John, mentioned 
be'ow. 

( IV) Hon. Woodbury Langdon, second child 
and eldest son of John and Mary (Hall) Lang- 
don, was born in 1738, died January 13, 1805. 
Excepting his brother, Hon. John Langdon, he 
was the most distinguishedmember of this fam- 
ily. He received a good education for his time, 
and previous to the revolution acquired large 
wealth in mercantile and shipping enterprises. 
In .\pril, 1774, he was appointed a delegate from 
New Hampshire to the first continental con- 
gress. A considerable portion of his property 
Was in England, and owing to the threatening 
situation of affairs it was necessary for him 
to make a visit to that country to protect his 
interests. L'pon his return in 1777 he vvas de- 
tained for a time in New York as a prisoner- 
at-large. In his political attitude, however, he 
was not in sympathy with the radical element. 
In April, 1779, he was again elected a delegate 
from New Hampshire to congress, and he was 
reelected in 1780, serving until January 12. 
1 781. Although subsequently twice reelected, 
and on a third occasion appointed to fill a 
vacancy, he declined further service in that 
bodv. From June, 1782, to June, 1783, he was 
one' of the justices of the superior court of 
New Hampshire, a position in which he also 
served from 1786 to 1 79 1. By appointment 
from President Washington he acted as one of 
three commissioners to settle the revolution- 
ary accounts between the United States and 
the several states, and he was at various times 
a councillor and member of both branches of 
the state legislature, on several occasions being 
president pro temporo of the New Hampshire 
senate. He declined numerous appointments 
to office, including one (1785) as brigadier- 
general of militia. He built a splendid resi- 
dence in Portsmouth, spending upon it thirty 
thousand in gold. Judge Langdon "was a man 
of singular personal beauty and exquisite 



6io 



NEW ENGLAND. 



charm of manner-family characteristics. He 
is also described as open and frank, but inde- 
pendent, bold, keen and sarcastic * * * 
He had a strong, discriminating mind and great 
promptness and decision of character." 

He married, in Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, March i8, 1765, Sarah Sherburne, who 
died February 7, 1827, daughter of Henry and 
Sarah (Warner) Sherburne. They had ten 
children, among whom were Henry Sherburne, 
mentioned below, and Walter, mentioned be- 
low. Henry Sherburne, 3d, was born April 
4, 1709, died March 30, 1767; he was repre- 
sentative in the New Hampshire assembly 
many years, also serving as speaker, commis- 
sioner to the congress which met at Albany, 
New York, in 1754, councillor, judge of the 
inferior court, etc.; married, October 21, 1740, 
Sarah Warner, born March 16, 172 1, died May 
15, 1814. He was son of Henry Sherburne, 
2d, born February 16, 1684, died December 29, 
1757: he was councillor and chief justice; 
married Dorothy Wentworth, born June 27, 
1680, died January 3, 1754. He was son of 
Captain Samuel Sherburne, born August 4, 
1638, died August 4, 169 1 ; married, Decem- 
ber 15, 1668, Love Hutchins, born 1645, died 
1739- He was son of Henry and Rebecca 
(Gibbons) Sherburne. Sarah Warner, wife 
of Henry Sherburne. 3d, was daughter of Dan- 
iel Warner, born May 20. 1699, died 1778, 
married, December 15. 1720, Sarah Hill. He 
was son of Philemon Warner, born August i, 
1665, died May 6, 1741 ; married, April 27, 
i6go, Abigail Tuttle, born October 7, 1673, 
died September 30, 1756. Dorothy Wentworth, 
wife of Henry Sherburne, 2d, was daughter of 
Samuel Wentworth, born 1640, died March 25, 
1690; married. 1664, Mary Benning. He was 
son of Elder William Wentworth, died March 
15, 1696; married Elizabeth Kenny. Love 
Hutchins, wife of Samuel Sherburne, was 
daughter of John Hutchins, born 1604, died 
1674. Sarah Hill, wife of Daniel Warner, was 
daughter of Nathaniel Hill, born March 31, 
1659-60; married Sarah Nutter. He was son 
of Valentine Hill, died 1662; married Mary 
Eaton, daughter of Governor Theophilus 
Eaton; Governor Eaton was born in 1590, died 
January 7, 1657 ; married a Miss Morton, who 
died in 1659. Abigail Tuttle, wife of Phile- 
mon Warner, was daughter of Simon Tuttle, 
died January, 1692: married Sarah Cogswell. 
Sarah Nutter, wife of Nathaniel Hill, was 
daughter of Anthony Nutter, born in 1630, 
died February 19, 1696; married Sarah Lang- 
staff. He was son of Hatevill Nutter, born 
1603. 

(IV) Hon. John Langdon, third child and 
second son of John and Mary (Hall) Lang- 



don, was born in Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, in December, 1739, died there, September 
18, 1819. Engaging in trade in his native 
place, he became a successful merchant. Early 
in the troubles with England he participated 
actively in the patriotic cause. He was elected 
a delegate to the continental congress in 1775, 
but resigned to become navy agent. "In 1777, 
while he was speaker of the New Hampshire 
assembly, when means were wanted to support 
a regiment, Langdon gave all his money, 
pledged his plate, and subscribed the proceeds 
of seventy hogsheads of tobacco for the pur- 
pose of equipping the brigade with which 
General John Stark subsequently defeated the 
Hessians at Bennington." He himself saw 
active military service, being present at Still- 
water, and Saratoga, and in the operations in 
Rhode Island. He was repeatedly a member 
of the New Hampshire legislature and its 
speaker, was elected to congress again in 1783, 
was delegated to the convention which framed 
the national constitution in 1787, became gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire in March, 1788, and 
in 1789 was sent to the United States senate, 
of which he was chosen presiding officer, and 
in that capacity he notified General Washing- 
ton of his election as president of the United 
States. President Jefferson, on taking office 
in 1801, offered him the post of secretary of 
the navy, which he declined. From 1805 to 
1812, with the exception of one year, he was 
governor of New Hampshire; and in 181 2 he 
was nominated for vice-president by the domi- 
nent party, but declined on account of his 
advanced age. 

( V ) Henry Sherburne, son of the Hon. 
Woodbury and Sarah (Sherburne) Langdon, 
was baptized March 11, 1766. He was invited 
by George Washington to become his private 
secretary, but declined in deference to his 
father, who thought him too young to leave 
home. He married Nancy Eustis, one of their 
children being Woodbury, mentioned below. 

(V) Walter, son of Hon. Woodbury and 
Sarah (Sherburne) Langdon, was born in 
1790. He married, September 24, 1812, Doro- 
thea, daughter of the first John Jacob Astor, 
of New York, and Sarah (Todd) Astor, his 
wife. Children: Sarah, born 1814; John, 1816; 
Eliza, 1818; Louisa Dorothea, 1820; WaUer, 
1822 ; Woodbury, mentioned below ; Cecilia, 
1827; Eugene, 1830. 

(VI) Woodbury, son of Henry Sherburne 
and Nancy (Eustis) Langdon, was born May 
20, 1802, died December, 1842. He was a 
leading merchant and shipmaster of Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and there he married 
Frances Cutler, daughter of another prominent 
merchant of that place. Children : Woodbury, 





.^^^^ ^^^^ 




>^^^:?0^^^>^^^?^ 



SF'iruLncial JTe-v-'TbTlc. 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



6ii 



mentioned below; Miriam, dieil at the age of 
twelve; Francis E., a graduate of Harvard, 
doctor of medicine, and state senator of New 
Hampshire, who died in 1890. 

( \'I ) Woodbury, sixth child of Walter and 
Dorothea (Astor) Langdon, was born April 
6, 1824, died August i, 1867. He was an 
artist of merit, pursuing that avocation from 
a native enthusiasm and without reference to 
substantial rewards. During the civil war he 
was a resident of Paris. At a critical period 
of that struggle he visited England, and with 
other influential Americans living abroad was 
instrumental in persuading the British govern- 
ment against granting belligerent rights to the 
confederacy. He married Helen Col ford, 
daughter of Isaac and Rebecca (Mason) Jones, 
and granddaughter on her mother's side of 
John Mason, president of the Chemical Bank 
of New York. Child, Woodbury Gersdorf, 
mentioned below. 

(VII) Woodbury, eldest child of Woodbury 
and Frances (Cutler) Langdon, was born in 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, October 22, 
1836. Alike in his activity in mercantile life 
and his interest in mercantile affairs, Mr. 
Langdon follows the bent of ancestral tradi- 
tions. After receiving a good education he 
entered the employ of Frothingham & Com- 
pany, of Boston, a well known dry goods com- 
mission house, 'and so rapidly made his way 
in the confidence of his employers that in 1863 
he came to New York City to take charge of 
the branch house of the firm. He has resided 
in New York continuously since. In 1868 he 
became a partner in the firm of Frothingham 
& Company, and upon the death of the senior 
partner in 1870 the style of Joy, Langdon & 
Company, which still continues, was adopted. 
As the head of this New York house, Mr. 
Langdon represents one of the largest dry 
goods commission businesses in the United 
States. He is also an ofiScer of notable finan- 
cial institutions. He is a director of two of 
the great banks of New York— the Central 
National Bank and the National Bank of Com- 
merce ; president and director of the Cannel- 
ton Coal Company ; director of the New York 
Life Insurance Company, the German Amer- 
ican Fire Insurance Company, the Hudson 
Trust Company, and the German Alliance In- 
surance Company ; trustee of the Greenwich 
Savings Bank, the New York Security and 
Trust Company, and the Title Guarantee and 
Trust Company. For many years a promi- 
nent member of the New York Chamber of 
Commerce, since 1888 he liad been a member 
of its executive committee, and was for three 
years its vice-president. 

In association with the late O. B. Potter, the 



late William Steinway, John H. Starin and 
August Belmont, Mr. Langdon was appointed 
by the mayor in 1890 a member of the board 
of rapid transit commissioners of the city and 
county of New York, and on November 19, 
1896, was appointed by Mayor Strong to suc- 
ceed Seth Low on the new board of rapid 
transit commissioners organized under the 
laws of 1894. Municipal construction of a 
rapid transit system for the metropolis having 
been decided on by popular vote at the election 
of November 6, 1894, the new board thus cre- 
ated was charged with the responsibility of 
selecting the route, arranging the conditions 
and details, and awarding the contract. The 
great underground railway system now in 
operation, with further ramifications in prog- 
ress, is the outcome of the board's delibera- 
tions. In addition to his service to the city of 
New York as a rapid transit commissioner. 
Mr. Langdon has been one of the most con- 
spicuous and effective advocates of non- 
partisan municipal government. Following the 
exposure of corruption in city affairs through 
the investigation of the Lexow committee, he 
was one of the signers of the original call for 
the meeting at Madison Square Garden, Sep- 
tember 6, 1894. This call was to consider 
"the wisdom and practicability of taking advan- 
tage of the present state of public feeling, to 
organize a citizens' movement for the govern- 
ment of the city of New York entirely outside 
of ])arty and solely in the interests of efficiency, 
economy, and the public health, comfort and 
safety." Mr. Langdon was one of the historic 
committee of seventy appointed by the meet- 
ing, which nominated Colonel William L. 
Strong for mayor and directed the famous 
and successful reform campaign of 1894. In 
national politics he is an advocate of the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. He is a lead- 
ing member of the L'nion League Club of New 
York, has served upon its most important 
committees, and has been its vice-president by 
annual reelection since 1889. One of the prin- 
cipal founders of the Merchants Club of New 
York City, he was its president in 1888-89, 
two years in this office being the constitutional 
limit. He is now a member of its board of 
directors. Of the New England Society of 
New York, of which he is also a director, he 
has been a member since 1865. He is likewise 
a member of the Lawyers', City Riding and 
New York Athletic clubs, the American Geo- 
graphical Society, and the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art. 

Mr. Langdon married (first) March i, 1894. 
Edith Eustis Pugli. She died in January, 
1895. He married (second) September, 1896, 
Elizabeth Langdon Elwyn. a descendant of 



6l2 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Governor John Langilon, of New Hampshire. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Langdon (Elwyn) Langdon is 
of the following descent: I. Tobias Langdon. 
n. Captain Tobias Langdon. III. John Lang- 
don. IV. Hon. John Langdon, United States 
senator, president pro tempore of the United 
States senate, governor of New Hampshire, 
etc. V. Elizabeth Langdon, only child of Hon. 
John Langdon, married Thomas Elwyn, of 
Canterbury, England. VI. Alfred William 
Elwyn, married Mary Middleton Mease. VII. 
Alfred Langdon Elwyn, married Helen Maria, 
daughter of Rev. Heman Dyer. VIII. Eliza- 
beth Langdon Elwyn, married \\'oodbury 
Langdon. 

(VII) Woodbury Gersdorf, son of Wood- 
bury and Helen Col ford (Jones) Langdon, 
was born in New York City, April 9, 1849. 
He was educated in France and Switzerland 
with a view to a career as an artist, but upon 
returning to the United States interested him- 
self in philanthropic work, which in conjunc- 
tion with the management of his mother's 
estate has since occupied his entire attention. 
He was elected a trustee of the Sheltering 
Arms in 1872, and for some eighteen years 
was treasurer of that institution. He also be- 
came a trustee, and later president, of the 
House of Rest for Consumptives : was trustee 
and for three years treasurer of the General 
Theological Seminary of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church; trustee of the Children's Fold; 
trustee of the Protestant Episcopal Society for 
Promoting Religion and Learning in the State 
of New York ; manager of St. Luke's Hos- 
pital, and until recently has been manager of 
the Clergymen's Retiring Fund Society. He 
was vestryman of the Church of the Incarna- 
tion, and is member of the Church Club, the 
Young Men's Christian Association, the Amer- 
ican Geographical Society, the Archaeological 
Society of America, and the American Numis- 
matic and Archaeological Society. He married 
Sophia E., daughter of Rev. Henry Eglinton 
and Margaret Augusta (Lynch) Montgomery 
(see Montgomery VII). Children: Sophie 
Eustis, born 1882; Woodbury G., 18S5: Helen 
Montgomery, 1891 ; Montgomery, 1896; John, 
1898: Dudley, 1899. 

(The Montgomery Line). 

This family traces from Roger de Mont- 
gomerie, kinsman of William, Duke of Nor- 
mandy, and commander of the duke's army at 
the battle of Hastings. One of his descend- 
ants was Sir John Montgomerie, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Hugh Eglinton, the 
latter being of Lothian in 1361. Sir Hugh 
Eglinton married Giles, daughter of Walter, 
lord high steward of Scotland, and sister of 



Robert III. ; having no male heir his possession 
devolved on their only daughter Elizabeth, and 
through her marriage to Sir John Montgomery 
the latter became Earl of Eglinton. 

(I) William Montgomery, the American 
ancestor, twenty-ninth in descent from Roger 
de Montgomerie, was born at Brigent, Scot- 
land. He married, January 8, 1684, in Edin- 
burgh, Isabel, (laughter of Robert Burnet, of 
Lithintie, Aberdeenshire, of the family of Leys 
Burnet, to which belonged Gilbert Burnet, 
bishop of Salisbury. Robert Burnet, father 
of Isabel, was extensively concerned in the 
Quaker settlement of East Jersey, and became 
one of the proprietors of that province, a cir- 
cumstance which, among others, caused Will- 
iam Montgomery to emigrate to America. He 
settled on Doctor's creek in Monmouth county, 
New Jersey, his estate being named "Eglin- 
ton." By his marriage with Isabel Burnet he 
had seven children, the eldest of whom was 
Robert, mentioned below. 

(II) Robert Montgomery, born probably at 
Brigent, Scotland, 1687. He married at Bur- 
lington, New Jersey, February 8, 1709, Sarah 
Stacey, and had ten children, the eldest being 
James, mentioned below. 

(III) James Montgomery, born at "Eglin- 
ton," New Jersey, February 26, 1720, died 
1759. He married. May 15, 1746, Esther, 
daughter of John and Susan Wkwd ; four chil- 
dren, of whom the third was John, mentioned 
below. 

(I\') John Montgomery was born at "Eg- 
linton," July 17, 1750. He removed in early 
life to Philadelphia, where he was a successful 
merchant. He served during the revolution 
in the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse : was 
a member of the Philadelphia c(jmmon council 
from 1792 until his death. It was said of him 
that "As a merchant he exhibited for twenty 
years uniform industry, integrity and punctual- 
ity. His word was a bond to all who trans- 
acted business with him." He married, No- 
vember 7, 1785, Mary, daughter of Joseph 
Crathorne, formerly of the West Indies, and 
Mary Keene, his wife, the latter's ancestors 
being among the early Swedish settlers on the 
banks of the Delaware. Among their children 
was John Crathorne, mentioned below. 

( V) John Crathorne Montgomery was born 
in Philadelphia, 1792. He married Elizabeth 
H. Philips, and among their children was 
Henry Eglinton, mentioned below. 

fVI) Rev. Henry Eglinton Montgomery 
was born in Philadelphia, 1820. He married 
Margaret Augusta, daughter of James Lynch, 
a descendant of the mayors of Galway, Ireland. 
.\mong their children was Sophia Elizabeth, 
mentioned below. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



613 



(VII) Sophia Elizabeth Alontgomery, mar- 
ried Woodbury Gersdorf Laiigdon (see Lang- 
don VII). 



The Butler family is of very 
BUTLER ancient origin and it is said to 

have begun in Ireland, although 
in Cheshire and Yorkshire there are many fam- 
ilies of the name from which the Irish lines 
may have descended. The name is one of the 
oldest in the peerage of Ireland, being derived 
from the chief butlership of the kingdom. In 
1 1 77 Theobald Fritz Walter, who was descend- 
ed from the Duke of Normandy, was created 
chief bu*^ler of Ireland by Henry II. and was 
given the baronies of Upper and Lower Or- 
mande as well as other places. His son and 
heir, Theobald, in 1221 took the surname of 
Butler. 

(I) Deacon Richard Butler, immigrant an- 
cestor, came to New England in 1633 from 
Braintree, county Essex, England. He was 
made a freeman of Connecticut, ]May 14, 1634, 
and in 1642 became a meinber of Rev. Thomas 
Hooker's church at Hartford, where he was 
among the first settlers with his brother W'ill- 
iam. In the first division of land he received 
sixteen acres. He was a deacon of the First 
Church. He served as juror in 1643-44-47-48, 
and in 1660-62 was grand juror. In 1649-54- 
58 he was selectman, and deputy to the gen- 
eral court. On May 20, 1658, he was appoint- 
ed clerk of the general court. His home in 
Hartford was on the south side of Little river, 
"on the cor. where the road fm. Geo. Steele's 
intersects the road fm. the Mills to the coun- 
try," and he owned a houselot and other lands 
in Wethersfield, Connecticut. He married 

(first) ; an account says that he 

came to Hartford, "mourning the loss of wife 
and inf." He married (second) according to 
Hinman, before coming to Hartford, Elizabeth 
Bigelow, but she is thought by some to have 
been of Hartford. He died at Hartford, Au- 
gust 6, 1683, being very aged at his death. The 
inventory of his estate was taken September 
12, 1684. His wife died February 26, 1656- 
57. His will was dated April 2, 1677. He left 
his house to his son Daniel, with lands, and 
Thomas, Samuel, Nathaniel and Joseph all re- 
ceived meadow land. His daughters, Mary 
Wright, Elizabeth Olmsted and Hannah 
Greene, received twenty shillings apiece. His 
wife Elizabeth is also mentioned in the will, 
showing that he married (third) Elizabeth 

. Children, born at Hartford: Mary, 

born about 1635; Thomas, born about 1637; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Nathaniel, about 
1641 ; Elizabeth, about 1643; Joseph, about 
1648: Daniel, at Wethersfiefd ; Hannah. 



(II) Deacon Samuel Butler, son of Deacon 
Richard Butler, was born in 1639, at Hartford, 
Connecticut. He settled in Wethersfield, where 
he was chosen town schoolmaster in 1668. In 
1670 he was living there as a householder. In 
1689 he was selectman. He was ensign in the 
military company. He was deacon at Wethers- 
field, and died there December 31, 1692, "ye 
last day of the week, ye last day of the month, 
ye last day of the year; and, as he had sayd, 
soe it proved, ye last day of his life." He 
inherited all his father's meadow land in 
Wethersfield. The inventory of his property 
was taken February 25, 1693. His will was 
dated November 30, 1692, and in it he men- 
tioned his children, his son Samuel being exec- 
utor. Samuel received the house and lot with 
other lots, on condition that he pay his sister, 
Mary Hopkins, five pounds, and Dorothy, then 
unmarried, ten pounds ; the sons James, Jona- 
than and George, and daughter, Elizabeth Em- 
mons, received the remainder of the property. 

Deacon Samuel Butler married Elizabeth , 

who died October 17, 1681. Children: Sam- 
uel, James, Jonathan, mentioned below ; George, 
Mary, Dorothy, Elizabeth, Sarah. 

(III) Jonathan, son of Deacon Samuel But- 
ler, was born in 1678, died in 1756. His estate 
was distributed by order of July 26, 1756, and 
it was found that his son Jonathan had already 
received his share of about two hundred acres 
in Harwinton ; that Elizabeth Mygatt, Mary 
Edwards, Sarah Merrell, Rebecca Barrett and 
Dorothy Butler had received their parts also. 
Daniel and Moses and George, therefore, were 
given the remainder of his estate. He married 
(first) September 18, 1707, Mary, daughter of 
John and Elizabeth Easton. She died about 
1728. He married (second) before January 
2, 1729, Elizabeth, born December 5, 1687, 
daughter of Edward and Elizabeth Cadwell, 
and widow of Jonathan Easton. Children by 
first marriage and dates of baptism: Jonathan, 
June 26, 1708; Elizabeth, June 21, 1710; Dan- 
iel, mentioned below; Moses, August 13, 1716; 
Mary, April 20, 1718; Sarah, August 14, 1720; 
John, September 27, 1721 ; Rebecca, June 23, 
"1723. By second marriage: George, born No- 
vember 17, 1728: Dorothy, born June 13, 1731. 

(IV) Daniel, son of Jonathan Butler, was 
baptized March 8, 1713. He Hved in Hart- 
ford. He was a soldier in the French and 
Indian wars, a private in 1757 in Captain 
Wadsworth's company. His brother George 
quitclaimed land to him in 1756. He married 
and among his children were : Ruth, baptized 
November 27, 1737, at Hartford; Hannah, 
baptized December 23, 1739; Thankful, bap- 
tized October 13, 1745, died August 29, 1759: 
Daniel, mentioned below. 



6i4 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(V) Captain Daniel (2) Butler, son of Dan- 
iel (i) Butler, was born in Hartford, about 
1735. It is possible that the French and In- 
dian war record belongs to him instead of his 
father Daniel. He was a captain as early as 
1761, according to the baptismal records, but 
his war service, if any, does not appear in the 
records. Among his children are the following 
baptized at Hartford First Church. (The town 
records are lost). Children: Anna, died Au- 
gust 9, 1759; Mary, baptized February I, 1761 ; 
William, June 5, 1763; Henry, January 20, 
1765; Daniel, born about 1770, died in 1833; 
and Simeon, mentioned below. 

(VI) Simeon, son of Captain Daniel (2) 
Butler, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, 
about 1770. He also came to Northampton 
when a young man. He was postmaster of 
that town in 1800. He built a house and lived 
on Hawley street in 1800, and was a book- 
seller and publisher for many years. He mar- 
ried Mary Hunt. Children : Edward, Jona- 
than Hunt, Mary Hunt, Morris, Hannah, Theo- 
dore, Elijah Hunt, mentioned below. 

(VII) Elijah Hunt, son of Simeon Butler, 
was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, July 
19, 1813, died March 28, 1868. He learned 
the publishing business in his father's plant 
at Northampton, and in 1837 established the 
publishing house of E. H. Butler & Company 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The business 
was continued until 1902, when it was sold to 
the American Book Company. He built up a 
great and flourishing business and became one 
of the substantial and influential citizens of 
Philadelphia. He married Eliza Clark, born 
August 7, 1820, at Geneva, New York, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Orin and Cornelia (Rutgers) Clark. 
Children : John C, Simeon Rutgers, Mary Gou- 
veneur, Emma, Edgar Hunt, mentioned below. 

(VIII ) Edgar Hunt, son of Elijah Hunt But- 
ler, was born in Philadelphia, January 20, 1849. 
He was educated at the Germantown Academy 
and by private tutors. His father died just 
after he was nineteen years old, leaving his 
large publishing business, and the son entered 
the firm upon reaching his majority, and fin- 
ally succeeded to the business and conducted 
it successfully for more than thirty years, until 
it was sold to the American Book Company 
in 1902. The reputation of this old publish- 
ing house was among the best in the country 
for more than half a century. Since 1907 Mr. 
Butler has been connected with the banking 
house of Graham & Company, 435 Chestnut 
street. Philadelphia. At the time of the Cen- 
tennial Exhibition of 1876, A'Ir. Butler was 
aide to the director-general. He gave his serv- 
ices without compensation and his influence 
and energy aided materially in making the 



great exposition successful and a benefit to 
the city and country. In politics he has always 
been a Republican though he believes that non- 
partisanship is proper in municipal affairs 
under certain conditions. He was in 1878 a 
member of the common council of the city of 
Philadelphia. He is a member of the Ritten- 
house Club, the Germantown Cricket Club and 
the Philadelphia Country Club, and is a com- 
municant of the Protestant Episcopal church. 
He married (first) September 27, 1870, 
Ellen Evans, born in 1850, died January 31, 
1882, daughter of Thomas W. and Annie D. 
Evans. He married (second) November 5, 
1887, Mary Shippen, born in Germantown, 
Philadelphia, in 1867, daughter of James A. 
and Mary (Watson) Farnum. Mr. Butler 
has one daughter by his second marriage : 
Marian Farnum, born in Germantown, July 
II, 1892, educated at The Friends' School, 
Germantown, and at Miss Irwin's School. 



William Faires was born near 
FAIRES Rathfryland, county Down, Ire- 
land, died October 15, 1817. For 
most of his active life he was a farmer at 
Willow Grove, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He married, March i, 18 12, Martha, 
daughter of John and Rachel (Bingham) Mc- 
Neilly. Children : John Wylie, mentioned be- 
low ; Eliza Maria, died in infancy. 

( II) John Wylie Faires, D. D., son of Will- 
iam and Martha (McNeilly) Faires, was born 
at Willow Grove, Montgomery county, Penn- 
sylvania, January 27, 181 3. After the death 
of his father, four years later, he moved with 
his mother to Philadelphia. He attended the 
schools of Rev. Samuel Wylie Crawford, D. D., 
and Rev. Samuel Brown Wylie, D. D., and 
after completing his preparation for college 
entered the University of Pennsylvania in 1828, 
and was graduated with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts in 1 83 1. He took high rank in 
college, was a member of the Philomathean 
Society, elected for scholarship to the Phi 
lieta Kappa fraternity, and was Greek saluta- 
torian at commencement. He received from 
his alma mater the degree of Master of Arts 
and the honorary degree of Doctor of Divin- 
ity in 1 861. Dr. Faires studied for the min- 
istry, and in due course was licensed to preach 
by the presbytery of the Reformed Presby- 
terian church. He preferred teaching to pas- 
toral work, and from 183 1 to 1837 was a 
teacher in the Deaf and Dumb Institution of 
Philadelphia, resigning to become principal of 
the Classical Institute of Philadelphia and for 
fifty years he was at the head of this fine old 
institute of learning. Many men prominent 
in after life came under his instruction and he 



NEW ENGLAND. 



6i = 



took no little pride and satisfaction in follow- 
ing the careers of his pupils. Few school- 
masters' have served longer or won more 
friends. He was widely known and exceed- 
ingly popular. He retired from active life in 
1888, and died April 9, 1901. Dr. Faires was 
vice-president of the Alumni Society, College 
Department, of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

He married (first) December 24, 1838, Eliz- 
abeth McKinley, born in Philadelphia. June 
22, 1820, died September 10, 1882, daughter of 
John and Abigail (Brannan) McKinley, of 
Chester county, Pennsylvania. Abigail ( Bran- 
nan) McKinley was a daughter of Benjamin 
and Eunice (Este) Brannan, and a great-great- 
granddaughter of Isaac and Mary (Towne) 
Este, of Topsfield, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried (second) August 20, 1884, Elizabeth Brin- 
ton, daughter of Robert Ely, of Lambertville, 
New Jersey. Children by first wife: ]\Iartha 
Abigail, \\'illiam John, Margaret W'ylie, Jo- 
seph Alexander, Theodore Wylie, Benjamin 
McKinley, Elizabeth. 

(HI) Theodore Wylie, son of John Wylie 
and Elizabeth (McKinley) Faires, was born 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, October 31, 
185 1. He was prepared for college at his 
father's school, the Classical Institute, and 
entered the University of Pennsylvania in 
1867, a member of the class of 1871. He left 
college in his sophfomore year to engage in 
business with Stuart & Brother, with whom he 
remained for several years. For ten years he 
was a private tutor, preparing boys for the 
University of Pennsylvania, and a teacher in 
the Classical Institute. In 1890 he became en- 
gaged in the oil business and was treasurer of 
the Tiona Refining Company at the time of 
his death, .^pril 17, 191 1. He was a member 
of the Union League, Merion Cricket Club, 
Conewango Club of Warren, Pennsylvania, 
Beach Haven Yacht Club. The Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania and. The New England 
Society of Pennsylvania. He married, Octo- 
ber 22, 1900, Harriet Holcombe, daughter of 
Gervas Ely, of Lambertville, New Jersey. 
Child, John Wylie. 

(Ill) Benjamin McKinley, son of John 
Wylie and Elizabeth ( McKinley) Faires, was 
born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 27, 
1855. After receiving an academic training in 
his father's school, the Classical Institute of 
Philadelphia, he entered the college depart- 
ment of the L'niversity of Pennsylvania in 
class of 1875, but left at the end of his fresh- 
man year. Ill health caused him to abandon 
his college career. While at college he won 



high honors, among other the matriculate prize 
for Greek Prose Composition. He took a posi- 
tion in the Bank of North .\merica, Philadel- 
phia, in 1872. In October, 1886, he was in 
the correspondence department of the Bank of 
North America but resigned to take a position 
in the Fourth Street National Bank of Phila- 
delphia, with which he has been connected in 
various positions of responsibility to the pres- 
ent time. In 1896 he was appointed assistant 
cashier and since 1901 has been a vice-presi- 
dent of this bank. For a number of years he 
has been a member of the executive committee, 
group I, Pennsylvania Bankers Association, 
and in 1908 was its chairman. He is a director 
of the Tiona Refining Company. He is a mem- 
ber of the Orpheus Club, L'nion League, Bach- 
elors' Barge Club, Racquet Club, Merion 
Cricket Club, Down Town Club, of which he 
is treasurer. General Alumni Society and Ath- 
letic Association of the University of Penn- 
sylvania. The Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, The Presbyterian Historical Society, 
and The New England Society of Pennsyl- 
vania. In religion he inherits the faith of the 
Presbyterian church and is a member of the 
old First Church of Philadelphia. In politics 
an old-fashioned Republican. He has lived 
for fifty years in the old home at 243 South 
Thirteenth street. Philadelphia. 

(I\') James Dobbin, son of William John 
and Elizabeth (Dobbin) Faires, was born in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 19, 1879. He 
attended the public schools of Philadelphia, 
was graduated from the Central Manual Train- 
ing School and there won a city scholarship to 
the University of Pennsylvania. He entered 
college in 1897, in the civil engineering depart- 
ment, was elected to the Sigma Xi fraternity 
in his senior year for high scholarship and was 
graduated in 1901, receiving the degree of 
Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering. He 
was employed with the American Bridge Com- 
pany for a short time and then went with the 
River & Harbor Improvement Company, of 
which company he is now superintendent and 
general manager. He is a member of the 
Engineers' Club of Philadelphia, L'niversity 
Lodge, No. 610, Free and Accepted Masons, 
General Alumni Society and Athletic Associa- 
tion of the University of Pennsylvania, and 
The New England Society of Pennsylvania. 
He is a sergeant in Company B. Engineer Bat- 
talion National Guard of Pennsylvania, has 
served one enlistment, and is also its secretary. 
He is a member of the Walnut Street Presby- 
terian Church. He resides with his father at 
3808 Locust street, Philadelphia. 



6i6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



According to family tradition the 
OBER Ober family was of French Hugue- 
not origin. Although the immigrant 
ancestor was born in England, there is evi- 
dence in the varied spelling of the surname and 
in the name itself that the tradition is correct. 
We find the early generations in this country 
using the spellings Obbin, Obin and Aubin as 
well as Ober, Obey and Orbear, and it is in- 
ferred that the name Aubin was anglicized 
after the French Huguenot progenitor took 
refuge in England. The name is not given in 
the standard works on English surnames. 

(H) Richard Ober, immigrant ancestor to 
America, was born at Abbotsbury, Dorsetshire, 
England, where he was baptized November 21, 
1641, son of John and Elizabeth (Butcher) 
Ober, who were married at Abbotsbury, No- 
vember 12, 1640. Prior to 1670 Richard Ober 
emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony 
and became an active citizen of Beverly, Mas- 
sachusetts. In fact, his name appears in No- 
vember, 1664, in the old Norfolk county rec- 
ords, and he was living in Salem in 1668 and 
at Beverly in 1679. He signed the petition of 
1668-69 against imposts. He was witness to a 
deed of Mr. Woodbury to Nicholas Woodbury 
Sr,, dated November 13, 1670. He owned 
land near Plum Island adjoining Thissell's 
land in 1673-74. Richard Ober, whose occu- 
pation is given as shoresman, bought for one 
hundred and seventy-two pounds twenty-two 
acres of upland and meadow with house, barn 
and outhousing, from Sergeant Samuel Mor- 
gan's heirs, of which Hezekiah Ober's wife 
was one. Richard Ober was constable and col- 
lector of taxes in 1682-83-84; was on a com- 
mittee of three to lay out highways in 1683- 
84, was guardian of Anna Morgan, daughter 
of Samuel, in 1698; member of the board of 
selectmen in 1693 and 1702; grand juror in 
1694; surveyor of highways several years. 
Under the will of his wife's mother, Anna 
Woodbury, he received a house and land in 
Beverly. 

He married, December 26, 1671, Abigail 
Woodbury, then aged eighteen years, daugh- 
ter of Nicholas and .Anna (Paulsgram) Wood- 
bury, granddaughter of William and Elizabeth 
Woodbury, pioneer ancestors of an illustrious 
family. Richard Ober died March 6, 1716; 
his widow Abigail January 28, 1741-42. Both 
their gravestones are standing at Beverly. Chil- 
dren, born at Beverly : John, mentioned below ; 
Anna, baptized September 26, 1675 ; Elizabeth, 
baptized December 9, 1677 ; Abigail, baptized 
February i, 1680; Hezekiah, born November 
9, 1681 ; Richard, born March 21, 1683-84; 
Nicholas, baptized September 26, 1686; Ben- 



jamin, born April 14, 1689; Samuel, born June 

13. 1693- 

(III) John, son of Richard Ober, was born 
at Beverly, June i, 1673, and baptized Novem- 
ber 2}, following. He died there May 29, 1744. 
He married, July 5, 1694, Hannah Woodbury, 

of Ipswich. (Children, born at Beverly : , 

born September 20, 1699; Mary; John, Janu- 
ary 15, 1701 ; Samuel, mentioned below, and 
others. 

(IV) Samuel, son of John Ober, was born 
about 1710. He settled in Newbury and the 
town clerk spells his name Aubin, Obin and 
Eubee. The spelling Aubin is used by some 
descendants. He married, at Newbury, Janu- 
ary 17, 1732-33, Jane Cole. A Samuel Ober 
died at Newburyport, February 29, 1764. Chil- 
dren, born in Newbury, with dates of baptism : 
Elizabeth ; Samuel, mentioned below ; Heze- 
kiah, November 6, 1737; Nathaniel, July 6, 
1740; Solomon, April 3, 1743; John, Septem- 
ber 15, 1745; Jane, November 18, 1749. 

(V) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Ober, 
was born at Newbury and baptized there (as 
Aubin), November 16, 1735. He lived at 
Newburyport, and was a soldier in the revolu- 
tion from that town. He enlisted in Captain 
Moses Nowell's company, April 19, 1775, and 
was paid one pound, four shillings "for his ex- 
penses on the road to Cambridge with a load 
of bread for the army." ("History of New- 
buryport" (Currier), p. 541). His name is 
on a return dated at Bo.xford mustered by John 
Cushing, muster master, Essex county, to join 
the continental army for nine months ; also on 
a descriptive list of men raised for the conti- 
nental army for nine months agreeable to a 
resolve of June 9, 1779, returned as received 
by Justin Ely, commissioner, by Captain Chris- 
topher Marshall at Springfield, July 16, 1779. 
He was in Colonel Cross's regiment and is 
described as aged forty-one, stature five feet, 
six inches, complexion dark, residence New- 
buryport. His age was understated, but there 
was no other Samuel Ober of Newburyport at 
that time. He was in Captain Turner's com- 
pany, Colonel Bradford's regiment Fourteenth, 
from July 12, 1779, to April 12, 1780. Three 
others of the same name, from Middleton, 
Wenham and Tewksbury, respectively, were 
also in the service (see p. 611, vol. xi., "Mass. 
Soldiers and Sailors in the Rev."). His brother 
Nathaniel was also a soldier from Newbury- 
port. He married (first) Sarah — - — , who 
died at Newbury, March, 1766. He married 
(second) Hannah Wicher (same as Whitcher 
and Whittier), September 17, 1767. Among 
his children we find recorded at Newbury : 
Anne, born March 24, 1769, died March 27, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



617 



1769; Anne, born July 15, 1770; Daniel, men- 
tioned below : Samuel and Rhoda. baj^tized 
March 28, 1779. 

(VI) Daniel, son of Samuel (2) Ober. was 
born at Newbury, Alarch 24, 1773. He was a 
ropemaker by trade. He married, at Newbury- 
port, January 18, 1801, Hannah, daughter of 
Benoni Knapp. She died December 11, 1805, 
aged twenty-five years (gravestone). He was 
a soldier in the war of 1812. Children: Mary 
Ann, died at Newburyport, October 18, 1802, 
aged five months ; Samuel, died November 30, 
1805, aged five months; Hannah, died May, 
1805 : Tristram Francis Knapp, mentioned be- 
low. Probably others. 

(VH) Tristram Francis Knapp, son of 
Daniel Ober, was born at Newburyport, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1808. He was a millwright by 
trade. He removed to Watervliet, then West 
Troy, New York, when a young man. He mar- 
ried (first) Anna Kerr, born in Port Chester, 
New York, in 1812, daughter of James and Ann 
(Ainsley) Kerr. He married (second) Eunice 
Ballard, of Vermont. Children by first wife: 
James, died in infancy ; Robert, died in infancy ; 
James Kerr, born in West Troy, September 17, 
1834, died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 
1870, leaving one child, Carrie Ainsley, who 
died at the age of thirteen years ; Thomas Kerr, 
mentioned below. Child by his second wife: 
Edwin W., born in Sheboygan, Wisconsin, 
Tune, 1847, now living in Albany, New York. 

(VHI) Thomas Kerr, son of Tristram 
Francis Knapp Ober, was born in West Troy, 
New York, now Watervliet, January 17, 1837. 
When a boy he went with his parents to 
Sheboygan on the west shore of Lake Michi- 
gan, where he attended the public schools. He 
also received instruction from private tutors. 
In 1852 he became a clerk in a dry goods store 
on Catherine street. New York City, and re- 
mained there four years. In 1857 he accepted 
a position as agent of an express company at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In 1859 he went over- 
land to California and was engaged in mining 
there until 1861. During 1861-62 he was em- 
ployed in the quartermaster-general's office in 
Milwaukee, fitting out the enlisted troops for 
the federal army. When the L^nited States 
government took charge of this work, he en- 
tered the employ of I. M. Singer & Company. 
In 1863 he became manager of the Singer 
Manufacturing Company, in Brooklyn, New 
York, and was afterward attached to the main 
office at 458 Broadway, New York City. In 
1869 he removed to Philadelphia, as general 
manager of their business in Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey and Delaware, and continued with 
the concern in tliat position for twenty-eight 
years, making an aggregate of thirty-five years 



with the Singer firm and corporation. He re- 
signed to engage in the exporting business, 
shipping the Kitson Lamp Company's goods to 
all parts of the world. The name of his firm 
is Thomas K. Ober & Company and the store 
is at Thirteenth and Cumberland streets, Phila- 
delphia. Mr. Ober is a member of the LTnion 
League Club of Philadelphia, of the New Eng- 
land Society of Philadelphia, and vice-presi- 
dent of the Dickens Fellowship Club of that 
city. In religion he is a Universalist ; in poli- 
tics a Republican. 

He married, July 16, 1873, Margaretta Col- 
lins, born in Philadelphia, September 9, 1848, 
daughter of Robert and Ann Collins. Chil- 
dren, born in Philadelphia: Harry Ainsley, 
born July 3, 1874, died May^8, 1897; Thomas 
Kerr, May 7, 1876, married Ella Grier Hansell, 
of an old Quaker family, children : Ella Grier, 
born October 30, 1903, and Thomas Kerr, May 
23, 1906. 

George Abbott, immigrant an- 
ABBOTT cestor. came to New England in 
1640 from Yorkshire, England, 
and was one of the earliest settlers of Andover, 
Massachusetts. His name was nineteenth on 
the list of householders showing the order in 
which they came to town, and he was a pro- 
prietor there in 1643. According to his testi- 
mony in Joseph Parker's suit, June ij, 1673, 
he was about sixty years old, and, if this was 
correct, was born in 161 3. His house was well 
built and was used as a garrison house both be- 
fore and long after his death. His farm de- 
scended through eight generations of his de- 
scendants. He married, December 12. 1646, 
at Roxbury, Massachusetts, Hannah, daughter 
of Williani and Annis Chandler. He died De- 
cember 24, 1681, and his widow married Rev. 
Francis Dane, and died June 11, 1711, aged 
eighty-two years. His will was dated Decem- 
ber 12, 1681, and proved at Ipswich, March 28, 
1682. Children: John, born March 2, 1648; 
Joseph. March 11, 1649; Hannah, June 9, 
1650: Joseph, March 30, 1652; George, June 
7, 1655; William, November 18, 1657; Sarah, 
November 14, 1659; Benjamin, December 20, 
1661 ; Timothy, November 17, 1663; Thomas, 
May 9, 1666; Edward, drowned in boyhood; 
Nathaniel, July 4, 167 1 ; Elizabeth, February 
9, 1673. 

(II) John, son of George Abbott, was born 
March 2, 1648, at Andover. He lived with 
his father in the garrison house and was a 
leading citizen of Andover, selectman many 
years, first deacon of the church in 171 1. He 
married, in 1673, Sarah, daughter of Richard 
Barker, one of the first settlers. She died at 
Andover, February 10, 1729. Children, born 



6i8 



NEW ENGLAND. 



at Andover: John, November 2, 1674; Joseph, 
December 29, 1676; Stephen, March 16, 1678; 
Sarah, December 7, 1680; Ephraim, mentioned 
below; Joshua, June 16, 1685; Mary, January 
2, 1687; Ebenezer, September 2-], 1689; Pris- 
cilla, July 7, 1691. 

(III) Ephraim, son of John Abbott, was 
born at Andover, August 15, 1682. He mar- 
ried there, in 1715, Sarah Hunt. Children, 
born at Andover: Sarah, March 8, 1716; Eph- 
raim, mentioned below; Mary, July 20, 1720; 
Joshua, October i, 1722; Daniel, September 
14, 1724; Elizabeth, July 10, 1726; Josiah, Sep- 
tember 4, 1728; Ebenezer, March 3, 1731 ; Mar- 
tha, April 10, 1733; Peter, May 19, 1734; Mar- 
tha, July 24, 1737. 

(IV) Ephraim (2), son of Ephraim (i) 
Abbott, was born at Andover, August, 1718. 
About 1750 he removed from his native town 
to Amherst, New Hampshire. He married 
(first) in 1740, Mary, daughter of Timothy 
Abbott. He married (second) Hannah Ivnee- 
land. Children, born at Andover : Mary, 
March 22, 1741 ; Ephraim, mentioned below; 
Hannah, March 12, 1745; Kneeland, baptized 
May 22, 1748. Children, born at Amherst: 
Sarah, June 14, 1751 ; Dorcas, August 7, 1752 ; 
Esther, March 6, 1755; Abigail, July 30, 1756; 
Daniel, April i, 1762. 

(V) Deacon Ephraim (3) Abbott, son of 
Ephraim (2) Abbott, was born at Andover, 
December 16, 1742, died in 1823. He lived at 
Amherst and Goffstown, New Hampshire. He 
was a soldier in the revolution, a private in 
Captain Peter Kimball's company, Colonel 
Thomas Stickney's regiment, under General 
Stark, in 1777 at Bennington and Stillwater 
(vol. .XV., p. 1B5, "N. H. Rev. Rolls" ). He was 
also in the Rhode Island campaign in 1778 in 
Captain Ebenezer Webster's company. Colonel 

Nichols's regiment. He married . 

Children: Ephraim, died young; Samuel, died 
young; Sarah, born 1767, married Jonathan 
Rand ; Samuel, mentioned below ; Ephraim, 
1780. died 1818. 

(VI) Rev. Samuel .Abbott, son of Deacon 
Ephraim (3) Abbott, was born at what is now 
Mount Vernon, New Hampshire, February 24, 
1777, died in 1853. Gifted with much ability, 
he had very scanty schooling, but fitted him- 
self in his own way for the ministry and be- 
came a preacher of much influence and power. 
He was bold, incisive and logical, honest, up- 
right and fearless. He was one of the early 
leaders in the temperance movement. He had 
pastorates at Middleboro, Bridgewater and 
Chester, Massachusetts, and at Londonderry 
and Antrim, New Hampshire. He came to 
Antrim in 1838. He was an inventor of some 
skill, and in 1825 invented the Abbott window 



shade which was very popular for many years. 
He married Sarah, daughter of Rev. John 
Rand, in 1799. Children: Samuel, born Octo- 
ber 25, 1799; Ephraim, October 20, 1801 ; 
Sarah G., February 9, 1804, at Middleboro; 
Mille R., February 21, 1807, died at Antrim, 
unmarried; Hepsibah, 1809, died 1841 ; Sam- 
uel W., February 9, 1812, at Bridgewater; 
Dorothy S., October 29, 1813, at Bridgewater; 
John R., February 14, 1817; Rev. Stephen 
Gano, mentioned below. 

(VII) Rev. Stephen Gano Abbott, son of 
Rev. Samuel Abbott, was born at Bridgewater, 
Massachusetts, November 9, 1819. He attend- 
ed the public schools and studied theology aft- 
erward at New Hampton, New Hampshire, 
and was licensed to preach by the Baptist 
church at Antrim, New Hampshire, where his 
father preached. He was settled as pastor of 
Baptist churches in various parishes in New 
Hampshire, Vermont and Massachusetts. In 
1870 he received the honorary degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts from Bates College. He died Feb- 
ruary 8, 1901. He married, April 16, 1846, 
Sarah B. Cheney, of Holderness, New Hamp- 
shire (see Cheney IX). They had one child, 
John True, mentioned below. 

(VIII) John True, son of Rev. Stephen 
Gano Abbott, was born April 26, 1850, at An- 
trim, New Hampshire. He was fitted for col- 
lege at Kimball L^nion Academy, from 
which he was graduated in 1867. He 
was graduated from Bates College at Lewis- 
ton, Maine, in the class of 1871 with the de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts. His mother's 
brother. Rev. Dr. Oren Burbank Cheney, was 
founder and president of the college. He 
studied law and was admitted to the bar in 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire in 1874, 
and from that time to 1899 he practiced his 
profession at Keene, New Hampshire. For 
six years he was judge of the probate court 
of the county, resigning the oiifice in 1899. 
Since 1901 he has been in business in New 
York City. He is well known in Masonic 
circles, a member of Lodge of the Temple, 
Keene, New Hampshire ; St. Stephen's Chap- 
ter, of Ouincy, Massachusetts ; the Council of 
Keene, New Hampshire ; of the Cceur de Leon 
Commandery, Knights Templar, of Keene, 
New Hampshire. He is also a member of the 
New Hampshire Society of New York. From 
March, 1889, to August, 1893, he was United 
States Minister to the Republic of Colombia, 
South America, and resided at Bogota. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

He married, January 24, 1874, Alice E. Mer- 
riman. of Boston, daughter of Rev. Titus M. 
Merriman, now residing in Somerville, Massa- 
chusetts. Her parents came to this country 



NEW ENGLAND. 



619 



from lower Canada. Children: i. Charles 
Merriman, born November 23, 1874; married 
Olive Woolmington and had a daughter Alice. 
2. Amy Louise, born August 16, 1877; married 
John Eliot Allen, of Keene, son of William H. 
H. Allen, justice of the supreme court of New 
Hampshire for many years. 3. Sarah Cheney, 
born October 3, 1879, died June, 1884. 

(The Cheney Line). 

( I ) John Cheney, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England. "John Cheny," wrote the 
minister of Roxbury, Massachusetts, John 
Eliot, the Indian Apostle, "came into the land 
in the yeare 1635. He brought 4 children, 
Mary, Martha, John, Daniel. Sarah his 5th. 
child was borne m the last month of the same 
year 1635, cald February, he removed from 
or church to Newbery the end of the next 
su'er 1636. Martha Cheny the wife of John 
Cheny." He may have been brother of Wil- 
liam Cheney, who settled in Roxbury among 
the first settlers. These two were the original 
immigrants of this name and from then de- 
scend the American families. At Newbury 
John Cheney prospered. His allotments of 
land were large. He had a good stand in the 
"old town," and on shore and stream else- 
where. He had three acres granted, June 19, 
1638, at the westerly end of the great swamp 
behind the great hill ; August 25, same year, 
six acres of salt marsh ; then a parcel of marsh 
with little islands of upland in it, about twenty 
acres. Little River on the northwest, formerly 
part of the calf common, assigned to him, July 
5, 1639. Lot No. 50 in the "New Towne" on 
Field street was granted him, January 10, 1643. 
He was a member of the grand jury, April 27, 
1648; selectman often; member of a commit- 
tee to lay out the way to the neck and through 
the neck to the marshes on the east side of the 
old town, November 29, 1654. He was inter- 
ested in public affairs and was one of the 
famous ten men of Newbury who took such 
interest in the campaign of Governor Win- 
throp against Sir Harry Vane that they made 
a journey of forty miles afoot from Newbury 
to Cambridge to take the freeman's oath. They 
were admitted May 17, 1637. It was by such 
earnest action on the part of his supporters 
that Winthrop was elected again and the con- 
servative party triumphed. He died July 28, 
1666, leaving a will, dated June 5, 1666, writ- 
ten in his own hand. He provided liberally 
for his wife and family. The will was proved 
September 25, 1666. Children: Mary, born in 
England, about 1627; Martha, born in Eng- 
land, about 1629 ; John, born in England, 
about 163 1 ; Daniel, born about 1633; Sarah, 
born in Roxbury, February, 1635-36; Peter, 



mentioned below ; Lydia, born at Newbury, 
1640: Hannah, born November 12, 1642; Na- 
thaniel, born in Newbury, January 12, 1644; 
Elizabeth, born in Newbury, January 12, 1647. 

(II) Peter, son of John Cheney, was born 
in Newbury about 1639. He bought of John 
Bishop the "mill and mill house lately erected 
in Newbury" June 18, 1663, and did good ser- 
vice as a miller for a number of years. March 
7, 1670, he asked the town for an acre of land 
upon which to build a windmill "to grind corn 
for the town when the water mill fails." This 
was granted upon conditions favorable to the 
town, and January 5, 1687, a committee was 
appointed to treat with him in regard to set- 
ting up a corn mill and a fulling mill. Novem- 
ber 4, 1693, he conveyed to his son John by a 
deed of gift his house and land, on the north 
side of Falls river, with fifty acres of land, 
corn mill, great dam in the stream, the water 
course to the mill, and all convenient mill sites 
below the mill which belonged to him ; also a 
joint interest with himself in one acre of land 
on the south side of the river. January 10, 
1694-95, he conveyed a similar deed to his son 
Peter. 

He married. May 14, 1663, Hannah, born 
October 30, 1643, died January 5, 1705, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Nicholas and Mary (Cutting) 
Noyes. Her father was a brother of Rev. 
James Noyes, of Newbury, and son of Rev. 
William and Anne (Parker) Noyes, of Chol- 
derton, England. Rev. William Noyes was a 
clerg}'man of excellent repute. Anne (Parker) 
Noyes was a daughter of Rev. Robert Parker, 
a very celebrated preacher and author. Han- 
nah survived her husband, and married (sec- 
ond) June 3, 1700, John Atkinson. Children: 
Peter, born November 6, 1664; John, men- 
tioned below ; Nicholas, December 23, 1667 ; 
Huldah, born 1669; Mary, September 2, 1671 ; 
Martha, 1673; Nathaniel, September 6, 1675, 
died July 30, 1677; Jemima, November 29, 
1677; Nathaniel, baptized March 21, 1680; El- 
dad, October 24, 1681 ; Hannah, September 12, 
1683; Ichabod, September 27, 1685; Lydia, 
November 5, 1687. 

(III) John (2), son of Peter Cheney, was 
born in Newbury. May 10, 1666, died Sep- 
tember 2, 1750. He was a carpenter by trade, 
also a miller and cloth-finisher. For some years 
he conducted the grist mill which he had re- 
ceived from his father. He received a gift 
of land in Suffield, Connecticut, from his 
uncle, Nathaniel Cheney, April i. 1684, and sold 
his rights in the same, April 10, 1723. . He 
removed to Weston, Massachusetts, in 1724, 
and lived in that part of the town which after- 
ward became incorporated as Sudbury. He 
returned, however, to his native town, and 



620 



NEW EXGLAND. 



spent his last years there. October 27, 1724, 
he bought a house and one hundred and twenty 
acres of land in Weston. In 1731 he and his 
wife were received by dismissal from the 
church of Weston into the church at West 
Newbury, and some time afterward were dis- 
missed from the latter church to the Second 
Church of Rowley. His house in Newbury 
was so near the border of Rowley that he is 
sometimes called of that town. 

He married, March 7, 1693, Mary, born 
September 16, 1674, died September 10, 1750, 
daughter of James and Mary (Wood) Chute. 
Her father, James Chute, was the son of 
James, who was the son of Lionel Chute. Chil- 
dren: Edmund, mentioned below; Martha, 
born July 30, 1700: Mary, November 14, 1701 ; 
Sarah, baptized October 4, 1703; John, May 
23, 1705; Judith, baptized April 6, 1707. 

(IV) Ednnmd, son of John (2) Cheney, 
was born in Newbury, June 29, 1696, died 
March 14, 1761, "of a Consumptive Disorder." 
He was a miller and fuller by trade and spent 
his early life in Newbury, where he had a 
house and land from his father. In 1723, 
however, he sold them and removed to the 
Squadron river in Weston. Here he bought a 
place of Josiah Brewster, December 4, 1723, 
and carried on his trades. About 1730 he re- 
turned to his old home, where he died. He 
married (first) November 18, 1714, Mary 
Plumer, of Rowley. He married (second) 
Ann Poor, who survived him, and died July 
15, 1762. They were both members of the By- 
field parish church, and there their children 
were baptized. Children : Moses, mentioned 
below; Nathaniel, born September 22, 1717; 
Edmund, May 15, 1719; Peter, April 3, 1721 ; 
Mary, March 3, 1722-23; Martha, April 27, 
1726, at Sudbury; John, baptized August 15, 
1731, died young; John, baptized September 
23, 1733; Sarah, born January 10, 1735. 

(V) Moses, son of Edmund Cheney, was 
born in Newbury, November 26, 171 5, died in 
that part of Newbury called Byfield, Febru- 
ary 21, 1759. He married, October 23, 1740, 
Sarah Whiton, of Rowley. December 18, 
1754, he bought a house and tract of land in 
Byfield. Children, the first born in Newbury, 
the others baptized in Byfield : Elias, men- 
tioned below; Moses, baptized September i. 
1745; Sarah, June 7, 1747, died young; Jona- 
than, baptized" March 5, 1748-49; Sarah, bap- 
tized October 28, 1750; Mary, baptized No- 
vember 26, 1752 ; Edmund, baptized November 
17, 1754, died October 12, 1758; Rachel, bap- 
tized April 10, 1757, died August 14, 1761. 

(VI) Elias, son of Moses Cheney, was born 
in Newbury, February 20, 1741-42, died 
March, 1832. He served in the revolution ; 



enlisted March 7, 1781, Captain Chamber- 
lain's company. Colonel Davis' regiment, time 
of service eleven days. He lived first in By- 
field, then Rowley, and about 1785 removed to 
Campton, New Hampshire. Later he re- 
moved again to Thornton, New Hampshire, 
where he became a prominent citizen and 
church officer. He owned land also in Lon- 
donderry and Chester, New Hampshire. He 
married (first) at Rowley, September 7, 1762, 
Jane Plummer; he married (second) March 
9, 1768, in Newbury, Ruth Jackman, of By- 
field, who died February 19, 1774; h€ mar- 
ried (third) June 8, 1774, Hannah Pike, also 
of Byfield, who died January 14, 1832. Chil- 
dren of first wife: Mary, baptized May 15, 
1763; Jane, born 1765; Ebenezer, born 1767; 
children of second wife: Elias, mentioned be- 
low; Paul Jackman, baptized January 6, 1771 ; 
Ruth, baptized May 9, 1773; children of third 

wife : Hannah, married Pettee ; Sarah, 

married McArthur ; Samuel, born 

March 12, 1778; Lydia, died unmarried in 
1806. 

(VII) Elias (2), son of Elias (i) Cheney, 
was born in Rowley, April 16, 1769, baptized 
April 23, 1769, died November 13, 1805. He 
was a farmer by occupation, and lived in 
Thornton, New Hampshire. He married 
(first) Sarah, born November 26, 1766, died 
January 8. 1800, daughter of Gershom and 
Anna (Pearson) Burbank, of Campton, New 
Hampshire. He married (second) Widow 
Mary Prescott, of Thornton, born January 12, 
1766, died January 20, 1840. Children: Ruth, 
married Simeon L. Gordon ; Moses, mentioned 
below ; Sally, married Thomas Blaisdell ; Eliza, 
married Nathaniel Chandler; Pearson, Gil- 
man C., Charles C. 

(VIII) Moses (2), son of Elias (2) 
Cheney, was born in Thornton, January 31, 
1793. died while on a visit to his son at Leb- 
anon, New Hampshire, July 17, 1875. His 
father and mother died when he was a child 
and he lived afterward with his mother's sis- 
ter and her husband in Campton. He was 
apprenticed to the trade of paper-making in 
Holderness, New Hampshire, and later became 
a paper manufacturer in the same town. In 
1835 he removed to Petersborough, New 
Hampshire, and continued in the same busi- 
ness. In 1845 lis returned to Holderness and 
spent the remainder of his life there. He was 
an original member and deacon of the Free 
Will Baptist church in Ashland, then a part of 
Holderness, and held many important offices 
in the different places of residence. He mar- 
ried, June 23, 1816, Abigail, born March 25, 
1796. daughter of Jonathan and Esther J. 
(Perkins) Morrison, of Sanbornton. Children, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



621 



born in Holderness : Oren Burbank, Decem- 
ber 10. 1817; Esther M., September 27, 1819; 
Sarah Burbank, mentioned below ; Moses, 
June 28, 1822: Abigail Morrison, December 
21. 1823: Charles Oilman, July 8, 1826; Pear- 
son Colby, February 25, 1828; Ruth Elizabeth, 
May 28, 1830: Elias Hutchins, January 28, 
1832: Marcia Ann, September 26, 1834; Har- 
riet Olivia, born in Petersborough, February 
27. 1838. 

{ IX ) Sarah Burbank, daughter of Moses 
(2) Cheney, was born in Holderness, New 
Hampshire, March 30, 1821, and married Rev. 
Stephen G. Abbott (.see Abbott MI). 



The Tredick family settled 
TREDICK some time before the revolu- 
tion at New Castle, New 
Hampshire. 

Edward Tredick, one of three brothers, was 
a soldier in the revolution in Captain John 
Calfe's company. Colonel Pierce Long's regi- 
ment in the service at Piscataqua harbor in 
1776 and early in 1777. In the same com- 
pany he went to Ticonderoga later in 1777 
( vol. I, New Hampshire Revolutionary Rolls, 
pp. 382-490-501-514). William Tredick, brother 
of Edward Tredick, also lived in New 
Castle. He signed a petition dated March 15, 
1784, for the dis-annexation from the town of 
Rye in the choice of a representative to the 
legislature, and in 1789 for a lottery to raise 
money to build a bridge. The vital records of 
New Castle show that he died September 5, 

1806. aged sixty-six years. He married 

Martin. 

(I) Henry Tredick, brother of William 
Tredick, also lived at New Castle, and had a 
son Henry, mentioned below. In 1790 the 
only persons of this surname in New Hamp- 
shire or adjacent states were William and 
Henry, William Jr. and Henry Jr. Henry Sr. 
had in his family three sons under sixteen and 
five females. William Sr. had two sons under 
sixteen and four females. William Jr. had one 
son under sixteen and three females ; Henry 
Jr. had besides himself three females. 

(II) Henry (2), son of Henry (i) Tre- 
dick, was born October 8, 1766, at New Cas- 
tle, died June 24, 181 5, aged forty-nine years. 
He followed the sea, was a master mariner and 
one ship, built for him, was captured by the 
French the second time it went to sea. His 
old but well-kept writing desk descended to 
his granddaughter, Caroline Hardy, of Dover, 
New Hampshire. He married, about 1787, 
Margaret, born at New Castle, September 13, 
1769, daughter of John Tarleton (see Tarle- 
ton III). Her sister Ruth married his brother, 
William Tredick. Children, born in New Cas- 



tle and Portsmouth: i. Jane, born May 25, 
1788, died August 12, 1876; married Francis 
W. Hardy. 2. Elizabeth, born January 14, 
1790, died October 19, 1815; married Captain 
George Kennard. 3. Margaret, born January 
3, 1792, died February 21, 1885 ; married John 
Shortridge. 4. Henry, born January 15, 1794, 
dictl at sea, October 2, 1820. 5. Thomas, born 
February 4, 1796, died November 18, 1796. 

6. Edward, born August 25, 1797, died April 
19, 1877. 7. Thomas Tarleton, born Decem- 
ber 20, 1799, died May 22, 1888: married 
(first) Mary Stavers, (second) Martha Sta- 
yers. 8. Benjamin, born August 20, 1802, 
died May 22, 1877; married Dorcas Frost. 9. 
Adaline, born April 30, 1805, died January 2, 
1879; married Thomas Kittridge, of Dover. 
10. Ann T., born August 8, 1806, died March 
29, 1877; married (first) Aaron March, (sec- 
ond) John Gibbs, of Dover. 11. William, born 
November 26, 1807, died January 4, 1877; 
married Hannah Knapp. 12. Mary, born 
September 8, 1809, died May 16, 1884; mar- 
ried Benjamin T. Curtis. 13. John, mentioned 
below. 

(III) John, son of Henry (2) Tredick, was 
born at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, August 
9, 1812, died September 23, 1880. He was 
educated in the public schools. He kept a dry 
goods and general store at Union, New Hamp- 
shire, and afterward was engaged in the whole- 
sale flour business at Boston, Massachusetts, 
removing subsequently to a plantation in 
Prince William county, \'"irginia. He married, 
January 23, 1838, at Dover, Mary Wendell, 
born July 5, 1814, daughter of Amasa and 
Charlotte (Atkinson) Copp, of Wakefield, 
New Hampshire. Her mother was a native of 
Dover, New Hampshire (see .\tkinson VII). 
Children, born in New Hampshire: i. Dr. 
John, mentioned below. 2. Benjamin, died 
aged seven years. 3. Albert. 4. Amasa. 5. 
Albert. 6. Amos C, married $arah Stuart 
and had two children : George C. and Caro- 
line Tredick, now living at Kingman, Kansas. 

7. Charlotte A., married George E. Nye, of 
New Hampshire, and had children : Frank A., 
Edward T., Helen M., Ralph T. Nye. 8. Ann 
Mary, married Emlin Alartin, of Bristol, Penn- 
sylvania, and had children : Linton, Charlotte 
T. and John T., died in infancy. 9. Edward, 
mentioned below. 10. Fanny L., married 
James M. Catlett, a native of Virginia, and 
had children: Annarell, Mary W.. Edward 
T., Frances Louise Catlett. 

(IV) Dr. John (2) Tredick, son of John 
( I ) Tredick, was born in Dover, New Hamp- 
shire. He attended the public schools of his 
native town, fitted for college at Phillips Ex- 
eter Academy and entered Dartmouth Col- 



622 



NEW ENGLAND. 



lege, from which he was graduated with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He began to 
study medicine in the office of Dr. Foss, of 
Great Falls, now Somersworth, New Hamp- 
shire. During the civil war Dr. Foss was sur- 
geon of the Eleventh New Hampshire Regi- 
ment of Volunteer Infantry, and as student 
John Tredick enlisted and served under Dr. 
Foss. He served as nurse and hospital stew- 
ard until March 7, 1864, then re-enlisted as 
hospital steward and served until August 19, 
1865. He became a student in the Jefferson 
Medical College of Philadelphia after the war, 
and was graduated with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine in 1867. 

(IV) Edward, son of John Tredick, was 
born at Union, Carroll county, New Hamp- 
shire. He attended the public schools and grad- 
uated from the high school of his native town. 
Afterward he was a student in the private 
academy of Professor Charles Nourse, of 
Georgetown, D. C. After his father's death 
he became a partner in the firm of Nye & 
Tredick, which was engaged in the manufac- 
ture of circular rib-knitting machinery, in- 
vented by Mr. Nye. The offices and ware- 
rooms were originally at Bristol, Pennsylvania, 
and factory at Wilmington, Delaware, but 
offices and warerooms were removed to Phil- 
adelphia and located first on Fourth street, 
then at 606 Arch street, in that city, and the 
present location of the business is at 718-20 
Cherry street. The firm became a corporation 
in igo2 and Edward Tredick has been its pres- 
ident since that time. He is a member of the 
New England Society of Philadelphia; of In- 
dustry Lodge, No. 131, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Philadelphia; of Philadelphia 
Chapter, No. 169, Royal Arch Masons; of 
Union League Club and the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety of New York City. He is president of 
the Collier Mountain Mming Company of Col- 
orado. His office is at 718 Cherry street. 

(The Tarleton Line). 

(I) Richard Tarleton, immigrant ancestor, 
came to New Castle, New Hampshire, prob- 
ably with John Mason, between 1685 and 
1690, and was employed by him as "chief arti- 
ficer," or head carpenter, in the erection of 
houses on the island. The marriage of 
"Ritchard Tarlton and Edeth Lockson, May 
22, 1666," took place at St. James Church, 
Clerkenwell, then a suburb of London, Eng- 
land. He was probably born near London 
about 1640. In 1693 '-le signed the petition 
for the separation of New Castle from Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and about the same 
time petitioned that New Castle be constituted 
into a township. He was constable in 1604. 



In 1693-96 the council and assembly met at 
his house. In 1693 his name was on the list 
of inhabitants of New Castle. He married 
(second) at New Castle, Ruth Stileman, prob- 
ably daughter of Elias Stileman Jr., and cer- 
tainly granddaughter of Major Elias Stile- 
man, of New Castle. In 1706 when he and a 
party of fishermen were casting anchor he 
was caught by a turn of the rope and pulled 
under the water and drowned. His widow 
survived him a few years and her will, dated 
January 4, 1707, was proved March 4, 1708. 
Children, born probably at New Castle : Elias, 
born August 13, 1693; William, before 1695; 
Richard, mentioned below; Ruth, after 1695. 

(II) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) 
Tarleton, was born in New Castle after 1695, 
and probably died a little before 1759. In 1723 
he was a freeholder in New Castle, and in 
1728 was one of one hundred and thirty-one 
taxpayers there. He was one of the original 
proprietors of Epsom, New Hampshire. The 
first meeting of the proprietors took place De- 
cember 4, 1727, at New Castle. On Novem- 
ber 9, 1732, a committee reported that there 
were forty-seven proprietors in New Castle, 
thirty-three in Rye, New Hampshire, and six- 
ty-three in Greenland. New Hampshire. Rich- 
ard Tarleton drew lot 16 in Epsom, and he 
kept this lot of about forty-seven acres until 
his death, and his son John bought it of the 
other heirs in 1759. Children, born probably 
at New Castle, where Richard doubtless lived 
all his life: Richard, Elizabeth, married Ben- 
jamin Bell Jr., mariner : Ruth, John, men- 
tioned below. 

(III) John, son of Richard (2) Tarleton, 
was born in New Castle, .A^ugust 31, 1736. He 
was twenty-three years of age when he bought 
the land in Epsom of his father's heirs. He 
kept it all his life, and left it to his son John, 
who sold it to his brother William. In 1758 
John Tarleton was chosen tythingman at the 
annual town meeting, and he held that office 
for four years. In 1765 he was constable and 
surveyor of highways. Between 1765 and 
1801 the town records are missing. In 1801 he 
was moderator and afterward held other of- 
fices such as moderator, school committeeman 
and selectman. In 1776 he was a signer of 
the "Association Test," and in 1778 received 
twenty pounds from the state for rent and 
damages to his house, which was one of "sun- 
dry houses improved as Barracks in the years 
1775 and 1776 by Capt. Parr's riflemen and 
other Continental troops." He bought and 
sold land in New Castle in 1765-78-87, and 
his name is found on several petitions. The 
family burying ground was in a corner of the 
lot which was bounded "northerly by land of 




L^^^Coc^-'ii'-^'^ (f^>ti^-£=2:^^>-t^-^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



623 



the United States, and eastward by the sea- 
side," the corner near the stone wall on the 
north side of the lot, about three hundred 
yards west from the seaside and a hundred 
yards south from Walbach Tower. Doubt- 
less the old homestead was on this lot. He 
died June 29, 1819. and his wife died in 1801, 
aged sixty-three years. He married Abigail 
White, of New Castle; she was born June 18, 
1738. Children, born in New Castle: William, 
October 2, 1763; Richard, 1764 (?) ; Thomas, 
lost at sea, 1786, when young and unmarried; 
Margaret, September 13, 1769, married, about 
1787, Henry Tredick, of New Castle ( see 
Tredick H) ; Elizabeth, September 19, 1772; 
Ruth, Abigail, Captain John, 1780. 



(I) Theodore Atkinson, immigrant ances- 
tor, married (first) Abigail . He married 

(second) October, 1667, Mary, daughter of 
Rev. John Wheelwright and widow of Edward 
Lyde, whom she married December 4, 1660. 
Rev. John Wheelwright was graduated from 
Cambridge University in 1614, and from 1623 
to 163 1 he was vicar of Bilsby, county Lin- 
coln, England ; be came to Boston with his 
family in 1636 and was received into the 
church, June 12, 1636; he joined with his sis- 
ter-in-law, Mrs. Ann Hutchinson, in advanc- 
ing views which were considered erroneous 
and seditious by most of the clergy, and after 
much controversy they were banished, Novem- 
ber 2, 1637; he went to Exeter, New Plamp- 
shi're, and later to Wells, Maine ; his sentence 
was revoked by the general court in 1644, 
upon his apologizing for "inconsiderate" 
words at the time of the controversy; he was 
pastor of Hampton, 1647-58, and at Salis- 
bury from Decemiber 9, 1662, until his death, 
November 15, 1679. He married (first) No- 
vember 8, 1621, Marie Storre, who died in 
England. He married (second) Mary, daugh- 
ter of Mr. Edward Hutchinson, mercer, of 
Alford, England. Theodore Atkinson died in 
August, 1701, aged eighty-nine years. 

(H) Theodore (2), son of Theodore (i) 
Atkinson, was born April 19, 1644. He was 
killed by the Indians at Narragansett, Decem- 
ber 19, 1675. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Edward Mitchelson, and she married (sec- 
ond) Henry Deering. Children: Abigail, 
mentioned below ; Theodore, born October 3, 
1669. 

(HI) Abigail, daughter of Theodore (2) 
Atkinson, married (first) June 18, 1689, John 
Winslow, of Boston. She married (second) 
May II, 1702, Dr. James Oborne (sometimes 
Oberne and later Osborn), who was a drug- 
gist of Boston; he died November 24, 1712, 



and after his death she moved to Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, where she married (third) 
September 8, 1714, Judge Samuel Penhallow. 
Children by first marriage; Elizabeth Winslow, 
born April 23, 1692; John Winslow, Decem- 
ber 31, 1693. Children by second marriage: 
Abigail Atkinson Oborne, mentioned below ; 
William Oborne (or Osborn), born July 13, 
1706; James Oborne (or Osborn), September 
10, 1707. Child by third marriage: Richard 
Penhallow, born December 30, 171 5, died in 
early manhood, leaving property to his half- 
sister, Mrs. Abigail Atkinson (Oborne) King. 

(IV) Abigail Atkinson Oborne, daughter 
of Dr. James and Abigail (Atkinson) Oborne, 
was born March 7, 1703. She went with 
Governor Jonathan Belcher, of Masachusetts, 
to visit her uncle, Theodore Atkinson, of 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Here she mar- 
ried Captain William King, an enterprising 
young shipmaster. He was son of Captain 
Daniel King, a British officer from Wales, by 
his wife Mary, daughter of William and Mar- 
garet (Cutt) Vaughan, and sister of Lieuten- 
ant-Governor George Vaughan. Both Cap- 
tain Daniel King and his wife died young, 
leaving their only son. Captain William King, 
who was brought up with the Vaughan family 
and inherited part of his Grandfather 
Vaughan's property. He lived in the house 
on Daniel street in Portsmouth, which his 
daughter, Mrs. Abigail (King) Sparhawk, 
occupied after him until it was burned in the 
"great Portsmouth fire" in 1813. Children: 
I. George, married Susannah, daughter of 
Rev. John Sparhawk, of Salem ; Theodore At- 
kinson in his will called him "my relation 
George King," and in December, 1779, he took 
the name of Atkinson, to comply with the pro- 
visions of Theodore Atkinson's will ; he was 
in the council from 1777 to 1781 ; in the New 
Hampshire senate, 1785 to 1788, and speaker 
of the house in 1784; died, childless, Febru- 
ary 21, 1788, and made his nephew, William 
King, his heir. 2. Abigail, married John 
Sparhawk, son of Rev. John Sparhawk. 3. 
James Platus. married a Miss Waldron. 4. 
William, mentioned below. 5. Charles, died 
unmarried. 6. Thomas, married Widow 
Brotton. 7. Mary, married Hon. David 
Humphrey's. 

(\') William King, son of Captain William 
and .\bigail Atkinson (Oborne) King, mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of John Wendell and 
granddaughter of Hon. Jacob Wendell (see 
Wenilell IV). ChiM, William, mentioned be- 
low. 

(\T) William (King) Atkinson, son of 
William King, was born January 6, 1765. He 
took the name of Atkinson, which his father 



624 



NEW ENGLAND. 



had declined to do ; he inherited the property 
of his uncle, George King Atkinson, under 
the original will of Theodore Atkinson. He 
was graduated from Harvard College in 1783. 
He married, September 3, 1788, Abigail, 
daughter of Hon. John and Abigail (Sheafe) 
Pickering, and sister of Jacob S. Pickering, 
who married the daughter of William Sheafe. 
From 1789 to 1803 he was solicitor, and from 
1787 to 1819 was register of probate. From 
1803 to 1805 he was judge of the superior 
court, and he was attorney-general of the 
state of New Hampshire. He died at Dover, 
New Hampshire, September 29, 1820. and his 
widow died February 27, 1838. Children: i. 
Charlotte, mentioned below. 2. Susan Spar- 
hawk, born January 30, 1792. 3. Theodore, 
born July 5, 1794. 4. Frances, born June 21, 
1797; married, December i, 1819, Hon. Asa 
Freeman, of Dover, New Hampshire. (When 
her parents died she inherited many interesting 
relics of the Atkinson family ; among them 
were portraits of Theodore Atkinson (the 
fourth) and his wife Hannah, his son Theo- 
dore Atkinson, by Blackburn, and his wife 
Frances, who later married Governor John 
Wentworth, painted by John Singleton Cop- 
ley ; there were also other heirlooms'). 

(VH) Charlotte Atkinson, daughter of 
William (King) Atkinson, was born Febru- 
ary 26, 1790, died November 4, 1815. She 
married Amasa Copp, of Wakefield, New 
Hampshire. He died at Wakefield, January 
7, 1871. Children: Mary Wendell, married 
John Tredick (see Tredick III) ; Charlotte 
King .Atkinson, married Elijah Wadleigh. 

(The Wenden Line). 

(I) Evert Jansen Wendel, immigrant an- 
cestor, was born in 1615 in Embden, East 
Friesland, now Hanover, Holland. From 
there he went with the Dutch West India 
Company to New Netherland, in .America, ar- 
riving there in 1640. He lived at New Am- 
sterdam for about five years, removing then to 
the settlement on the Mauritius, as the Dutch 
called the Hudson river. Here he had a li- 
cense to deal with the Indians in beavers and 
peltries, and he evidently lived near Fort Or- 
ange. Later he lived in Albany until his death 
in 1709. He held several important public 
offices in the settlement such as magistrate of 
Fort Orange in 1660-61. He was also reger- 
enden dijaken of the Reformed Protestant 
Dutch church. He married (first) July 31, 
1644, at New Amsterdam, Susanna, daughter 
of Philip Du Trieu.x, "Marshall of New Neth- 
erland," and his wife Susanna, of Smit's Val- 
ley, New .Amsterdam. He married (second) 



1663, Maritje Abrahamse Vosburgh, of Bever- 
wyck, widow of Thomas Jansen Mingael. He 

married (third) Ariaantje . Children 

of first wife: Thomas, Abraham, Elsje, bap- 
tized in 1647 ; Johannes, mentioned below ; 
Diewer, baptized in 1653; Hieronymus, bap- 
tized in 1655; Philip, baptized in 1657; Evert, 
baptized in 1660. Children of second wife: 
Isaac, Susanna, Diewertje. 

(II) Johannes, son of Evert Jansen Wen- 
del, was born in New Amsterdam in 1649, 
baptized in the Reformed Protestant Dutch 
church, died in 1691. He became a general 
trader at Albany and was very successful. He 
grew to be a very wealthy and prominent man. 
He lived on Yonker straat, now State street. 
He held many important offices. In 1684 he 
was magistrate, in 1685 captain in colonial ser- 
vice, and alderman of Albany in 1686. In 
1690 he was empowered with others to treat 
with the Five Nations and to superintend the 
work of preparing defenses for Albany. He 
married (first) Maritie JiUisse, daughter of 
Gillis Pieterse and his wife, Elsie Hendrikse 
Meyer, of Beverwyck. He married (second) 
Elizabeth, daughter of Major Abraham and 
wife, Katrina (Jochemse) Staes (Staets), of 
Rensselaerwyck. Children by first wife: El- 
sie, Maritie. Children by second wife and 
dates of baptism : Abraham, December 27, 
1678; Susanna, Catalyntje, Elizabeth, Johan- 
nes, March 2, 1684; Ephraim, June 3, 1685: 
Isaac, January 28, 1687; Sarah, November 11, 
1688 ; Jacob, mentioned below. 

(III) Jacob Wendell, son of Johannes 
Wendel, was baptized August 5, 1691. He 
was the first of the name to move to New Eng- 
land, going to Boston in early youth. He re- 
ceived his business education under Mr. John 
Mico in the counting-house, Mr. Mico being 
a prominent Boston merchant. He then went 
into business for himself and became very 
wealthy and prominent. His nephew, son of 
his brother, Abraham Wendell, was in busi- 
ness with him in later years. From 1737 to 
1760 he was of his majesty's council, and from 
1735 to 1745 he was commander of the ancient 
and honorable artillery. In 1733 he was a 
director of the first banking institution in the 
province. He married, August 12, 17 14, 
Sarah, daughter of Dr. James and Mercy 
(Bradstreet) Oliver, of Cambridge, by whom 
he had four sons and eight daughters. Dr. 
Oliver Wendell Holmes was a descendant of 
Jacob Wendell, as well as Wendell Phillips, 
who inherited the painting of Jacob done by 
Smibert. 

(IV) John, son of Jacob Wendell, had a 
daughter Mary, who married William King 
(see Atkinson V). 



NEW ENGLAND. 



625 



Charles Tomkins was born, 
TOMKINS according to his own Bible, 
in St. Stephen's parish, Cole- 
man street, London, England. He failed to 
give the names of his parents, however. He 
was born May 19, 1747, and came to this 
country when a young man. He married, Au- 
gust 23, 1782, Sarah Graham, born August 
24, 1762. at Trenton, New Jersey. Children: 
Belleville, married Elizabeth Hoes; Charles, 
died without issue; James, mentioned below; 
Elizabeth, married Dr. Benjamin Prather, and 
lived at Baltimore, Maryland; Nancy, died 
without issue; Sarah Graham, died without 
issue. 

(II) James, son of Charles Tomkms, was 
born about 1790. He married Jane Harrison, 
of Liverpool, England. Children : Floyd Wil- 
liams, mentioned below ; Jane Graham, mar- 
ried James Harrison; Eliza, married Mat- 
thias B. Howell, of Chester, New Jersey, and 
had four children. 

(HI) Floyd Williams, son of James Tom- 
kins, lived for a time at Chester, New Jersey, 
then in New York City. He married Eliza 
Dunham, of New York City. Children : Floyd 
Williams, mentioned below ; Rev. Elliott Dun- 
ham, rector of St. James Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Long Branch, New Jersey, married 
Mary Carter, and had Mary, Susan, Elliott 
and Eliza Dunham. 

(IV) Rev. Dr. Floyd Williams Tomkins, 
son of Floyd Williams Tomkins, was born in 
New York City, February 7, 1850. He at- 
tended a private school under Professor Char- 
lier, then entered Harvard College and was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
in the class of 1872. He prepared for the min- 
istry at the General Theological Seminary of 
New York City, and was graduated in 1875. 
His first church was at Pueblo, Colorado. He 
was located afterward at Cheyenne, Wyo- 
ming, and at Kenosha, Wisconsin, about three 
years in each place, in missionary work for 
the Protestant Episcopal church. He was aft- 
erward located for three years in Minneapolis, 
Minnesota, and was rector of an Episcopal 
church at Keene, New Hampshire. He re- 
signed to become rector of Calvary Chapel of 
New York City. From 1888 to 1891 he was 
at Christ Church, Hartford, Connecticut. Dur- 
ing the next four years he had charge of St. 
James' Church, Chicago, and from 1894 to 
1899 he was settled at Providence, Rhode 
Island, in charge of Grace Church. Since 
1899 he has been rector of Holy Trinity 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Philadelphia. 
He received the degree of S. T. D. from the 
University of Pennsylvania. He has written 
much for magazines and other periodicals, and 



is well known throughout the country. He is 
a member of the Union League Club of Phil- 
adelphia, and the Harvard Club of that city. 
He is an active and zealous worker in the 
Young People's Society of Christian Endeav- 
or. He resides at 1904 Walnut street, Phila- 
delphia. He married, at Cambridge, July 14, 
1875, Ann Maria Grant Cutter, who was born 
at Cambridge, daughter of Samuel L. and 
Mary Hudson (Kennedy) Cutter (see Cutter 
VU). Children of Dr. and Mrs. Tomkins: 
I. Sarah Graham, born at Cheyenne, Wyo- 
ming, September 20, 1877; unmarried. 2. 
Ann Maria Cutter, born at Kenosha, Wiscon- 
sin, December 10, 1879; married, January 28, 
1904, Percy Bunce Gibson, of Providence, 
Rhode Island, and had one son, Floyd Tom- 
kins Gibson, born at Providence, January 6, . 
1905 ; she studied medicine in the Woman's 
Medical College and was graduated with the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1910, spend- 
ing the following year as an interne at the 
Woman's Medical College Hospital at Phila- 
delphia, July, 1910, to July, 191 1 ; since then 
she has been in general practice with offices at 
2045 Chestnut street, Philadelphia; she is a 
member of the Pennsylvania Medical Society. 

3. Floyd Williams, born in New York City, 
November 15, 1887; graduated from Harvard 
University with degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
1910: now a theological student at the Gen- 
eral Theological Seminary in New York City. 

4. Mary [eannette Keney, born May i, 1890, 
at Hartford, Connecticut, student at Bryn 
Mawr, making a special study of economics. 

(The Cutter Line). 

( I ) Elizabeth Cutter, widow, the immigrant 
ancestor, was born in England, and lived at 
Newcastle under the ministry of Mr. Bodwell. 
Her husband, probably Samuel Cutter, died 
before she came to America, and she seems to 
have followed her sons, William and Richard, 
to this country. She lived in Cambridge with 
her daughter Barbara, wife of Ehjah Corlet, 
the memorable old schoolmaster, for a score 
of years, and died there January 10, 1663-64, 
aged about eighty-nine years. Children: Wil- 
liam, wine cooper by trade; Richard, men- 
tioned below ; Barbara. 

( II ) Richard, son of Widow Elizabeth Cut- 
ter was born in England, about 162 1, and 
died June 16, 1693, aged about seventy-two 
years. He probably came before his mother. 
He was a cooper by trade, and his descend- 
ants have the small oaken chest made to keep 
his clothes when he w^as serving his appren- 
ticeship. He was admitted a freeman, June 2, 
1 64 1, when he was doubtless over twenty-one. 
He joined the Artillery Company of Boston 



626 



NEW ENGLAND. 



in 1643. He married, about 1644, Elizabeth 

, who died March 5, 1661-62, aged 

according to her gravestone, forty-two years. 
He married (second) February 14, 1662-63, 
Frances (Perriman) Amsden, widow of Isaac 
Amsden, of Cambridge. He owned several 
parcels of land in the vicinity of Cambridge. 
His homestead was in Menotomy, then Cam- 
bridge. His will was made April 19, 1693. 
and proved July 24, 1693. Children: Eliza- 
beth, born July 15, 1645; Samuel, January 3, 
1646-47, at Cambridge; Thomas, July 19, 
1648; William, mentioned below: Ephraim, 
1651 : Gershom, 1653; Mary, 1657: Nathaniel, 
December 11, 1663: Rebecca, September 5, 
1665; Hepsibah, November 11, 1667, died 
February 2-j, 1668: Elizabeth, May i, 1668-69; 
•Hepsibah, August 15, 1671 ; Sarah, August 31, 
1673: Ruhamah, 1678. 

(HI) William, son of Richard Cutter, was 
born at Cambridge, February 22, 1649-50, and 
baptized in the church there. He married Re- 
becca, daughter of John Rolfe, of Cambridge, 
formerly of Newbury, originally from the 
island of Nantucket. William and his wife 
were admitted to the Cambridge church July 
28, 1700. His residence was in that part of 
the town called Menotomy, on the banks of 
the stream flowing from Lexington through 
Arlington into Mystic .river. He received 
from his father-in-law's estate an acre of land 
October i, 1681, bought of his brother-in-law 
John Rolfe four acres adjoining, and built his 
house there, having the right to dam the stream 
for a sawmill, together with "the half part of 
a sawmill" on Sergeant Francis Whitmore's 
estate also. He lived there until he sold the 
house to his son John, April 9, 1717, with ten 
acres of land near by, called the "Rocks." He 
then moved to the house still remembered as 
the house of his lineal descendant, "The Val- 
iant." He was executor of his father's will ; 
a carpenter by trade, and owned much real 
estate; he was a miller and husbandman also. 
He was well-to-do. His will was dated June 
I, 1722, proved May 6, 1723. Rebecca, his 
widow, married (second), June 3, 1724, John 
Whitmore Sr.. deacon and pVominent citizen of 
Medford. She gave six pounds toward the 
fund for "communion utensils" for the A-Ie- 
notomy church in 1739; died November 23, 
1 75 1, aged ninety. Her husband. Deacon 
Whitmore, died February 22, 1739-40, aged 
eighty-four. Children:' Elizabeth, born 
March 5, 1 680-8 r ; Richard, November 13, 
1682; Mary, January 26, 1684-85, died April 
6, 1685 ; Hannah, May 20, 1688 ; John, men- 
tioned below; Rebecca, January 18, 1602-93; 
William, 1697; Samuel, June 14, 1700; Sarah, 



baptized October 18, 1702; Ammiruhamah, 
baptized at Cambridge, May 6, 1705. 

(IV) John, son of William Cutter, was 
born October 15, 1690. He married Lydia, 
daughter of John and Hannah (Winter) Har- 
rington of Waltham. She was baptized at old 
Cambridge, March 2, 1689-90, and both joined 
the church there June 4, 1710. He lived in the 
house which he bought from his father in 1717, 
and was a husbandman, doubtless also having 
a share in the work of the mill with his 
brothers William and Samuel, He bought 
various lots of land in Cambridge. He was 
chosen with Captain Ephraim Frost of Me- 
notomy as a member of a committee of nine 
for a "vigilance committee of ye church," and 
he and his wife were among the founders of 
the church in the Second Precinct of Cam- 
bridge, now Arlington, established September 
9, 1739, and November 17, 1739, he was cho- 
sen deacon, one of the first two to fill that of- 
fice. His wife died January 7, 1755, and he 
died January 21, 1776, having served as dea- 
con for thirty-six years. Children: Lydia, 
born April 10, 1710: Rebecca, July 13, 1712; 
Hannah, June 14, 1715; Mary, lune i, 1717; 
John, June 13, 1720; Abigail, April 24, 1722; 
Richard, March 9, 1725-26; Thomas, Novem- 
ber 2, 1727; Martha, March 31, 1731 ; Ammi, 
mentioned below; Ruhamah, October 27, 1733. 
(V) Ammi, son of John Cutter, was born 
October 27, 1733. He married (first) May, 
1750, Esther, daughter of James and Hannah 
Pierce, of Woburn, sister of Keziah, who mar- 
ried his brother Richard. Esther was born in 
Woburn, March 14, 1733-34. Both joined the 
Menotomy church April 15, 1753, when she 
was baptized. She died January 8, 1772, aged 
thirty-eight, and he married (second) Novem- 
ber 12, 1772, Abigail, daughter of Simon and 
.Abigail Holden, of Charlestown ; she was born 
September 28, 1744, became a member of the 
church November i, 1772, and died June 29, 
1773, aged twenty-eight. He married (third) 
October 2-], 1774, Hannah Holden, sister of his 
second wife ; she was born August 5, 1752, and 
joined the church September 7, 1783, died Au- 
gust 23, 1801, aged forty-eight. He was a 
miller and husbandman, living on his father's 
homestead. He was clerk of the church and 
chorister for thirty years or more. On the 
day of the battle of Lexington he participated 
in the capture of a convoy of provisions at 
Menotomy belonging to Lord Percy's rein- 
forcement. After this some of the same party 
of .Americans met Lieutenant Gould, of the 
Fourth Infantry, wounded at Concord Bridge, 
returning alone on horseback to Boston, made 
him prisoner, taking him first to .Ammi Cut- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



627 



ter's house and then to Medford. As the Brit- 
ish troops, returning on horseback to Boston 
from Lexington, entered Menotomy, Ammi 
hastene(i to tell his neighbor, the heroic Jason 
Russell, to leave his home for a place of safety, 
and after Russell refused to leave, Ammi 
started home ; while getting over the wall on 
the other side of the road he saw the British 
coming close by ; they fired on him, and he 
fell, while the bullets hit the bark of the tree 
which sheltered him, one bullet striking a 
parcel of silver coins in his pocket. He lived 
twenty years after, dying of apoplexy. Chil- 
dren: Esther, born November 10, 1751, died 
December 18, 1751; John, October 25, 1753; 
Ammi, October 22-3, 1755; Lydia, October 26, 
1757; James, December 14, 1759; Benjamin, 
November 7, 1761 : Jonas, October 13-4, 
1763 ; Esther Ruhamah, September 26-7, 1765 ; 
Ephraim, mentioned below ; Frances, Decem- 
ber 30, 1769. Children of third wife: Joshua, 
died December, 1776; Thomas, born November 
I, 1776: Joshua, March 14, 1779; Abigail, 
March 20, 1781 : Hannah, October 25, 1783, 
died July 6, 1786 ; Rebecca, born May 24, 1786 ; 
Simon, April 17, 1788; Hannah, July 29, 1790; 
Artemus, August 16, 1792; Abiel, August 2-], 
1794- 

(VI) Ephraim, son of Ammi Cutter, was 
born October 3, 1767. He lived in Charles- 
town, now Somerville. on Prospect Hill, Milk 
Row. In 1795 he returned to Menotomy, 
where he lived on his father's homestead, buy- 
ing also shares of his younger brothers, and 
ran his father's mill, enlarging the millpond 
by building a new dam, and having a pros- 
perous business. About 1803-04 he built the 
house where he lived until his death. He was 
a deacon of the church for many years. He 
married Deborah, daughter of Captain Samuel 
and Margaret (Adams) Locke, of Menotomy, 
born March 10, 1772: she died as the result 
of an accidental fall, January 29, 1823. Chil- 
dren : Deborah, born June 18, 1791, died Sep- 
tember 7, 1802; Frances, July 25, 1792, died 
September 26, 1795 ; Anna, September 7, 1793 ; 
Ephraim, December 2, 1794: Esther Pierce, 
April 28, 1796, died June 29, 1798; Ammi, Au- 
gust 5, 1797; Mary, born and died November 
26, 1798; Samuel Locke, January 15, 1800, 
died September i, 1802; Benjamin, September 
7, 1801, died September 8, 1802: Benjamin. 
June 4, 1803; Ellen, August 2"], 1804, died 
Jtuie 28, 1809; Samuel Locke, mentioned be- 
low: Eliza Ann, April 7, 1809; Joseph, No- 
vember 21, 1810, died August 23, 181 1. 

( \ II) Samuel Locke, son of Ephraim Cut- 
ter, was born November 16, 1806. For fifteen 
years he was a wharfinger on T and Commer- 
cial Wharfs in Boston, and afterward was en- 



gaged in the coal business in Pennsylvania, 
Boston and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, except 
for three years which he spent in Australia, 
and lived in Cambridgeport, carrying on busi- 
ness in Boston until his death, June 20, 1871. 
He married (first), November 16, 1830, Ann 
Maria, daughter of Abraham and Margaret 
(Cheever) Grant, of Cambridgeport, and she 
died September 30, 1844, aged thirty-five. He 
married (second), November 16, 184", Mary 
Hudson, daughter of Captain Thomas D'Ar- 
ley and Mary (Hudson) Kennedy, of Phila- 
delphia. Mary Hudson Kennedy was born in 
Philadelphia, December 31, 1810, her father. 
Captain Thomas, was a sea captain and owner 
of ships that ran to Liverpool and China. Chil- 
dren: Samuel Locke, born in Boston, Decem- 
ber 17, 1831 ; George Watson Brimmer, De- 
cember 13, 1833, died December 11, 1834; 
Ephraim Pierce, born in Boston, September 
16, 1835 ; Watson Grant, in Boston, December 
31, 1837; Henry William Kennedy, at Cam- 
bridgeport, February 3, 1849; Ann Maria 
Grant, June 22, 1850, married Rev. Dr. Floyd 
W. Tomkins (q. v.) ; Edward Everett, March 
4, 1852, died April 26, 1853 ; Edward Ever- 
ett (2d), July 25, 1853. 



The surname Synnott is iden- 
SYNNOTT tical with Sinnott and other 
variations. Practically all of 
these surnames trace their ancestry to the fam- 
ily in County Wexford, Ireland, and are de- 
scendants undoubtedly of Sir Walter Synad, 
a knight of great valor who came to England 
with William the Conqueror in 1066, and ac- 
quired large possessions in the counties of 
Lincoln and Somersetshire, which they held 
until the wars between the houses of York and 
Lancaster. One of the descendants went to 
Wexford with Richard De Clare, the famous 
Ear! Strongbow, in May, 1169. Soon after his 
arrival, Synnott, or Richard De Synad, was 
appointed governor of the town and county of 
Wexford, together with Sir William Dever- 
eux. after the arrival of Henry II., in Ire- 
land, and Synnott was granted the estates 
known since then as Sinnott's land. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Devereux. 

Burke says that "the Synnotts are descend- 
ed from the Alarquis of Lusignan, of France : 
the name was originally spelled Synad, or Sy- 
nath. The earliest record we have is that of 
Sir Richard de Synad, shown below, and in all 
probability his ancestor came over to England 
in the train of William the Conqueror with 
other French and Flemish adventurers, and 
settled in Pembrokeshire, or the northwest 
coast of Wales, and from thence this Sir Rich- 
ard joined the first expedition to Ireland with 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Robert Fitz Stephen in May, 1169, and erected 
Ballyteigue castle in 1172." "Synnott's Land," 
on the river Slaney and bay of Wexford, was 
ten miles in length and six in breadth, and was 
granted to David Fitz Adam Synad in 1210. 
The original document in Latin was produced 
in court by Piers Synnott in 1617, and is re- 
corded in Printed Rolls, Jac. i, p. 327. 

Sir Walter Synnott, son of the progenitor, 
succeeded to the estates and built the fine old 
castle of Ballyfarnogue. He married Alice 
De La Roche, daughter of Sir William ; their 
son Walter lost his life in the Crusades. This 
line is known for sixteen generations or more, 
and the heads of the house of Synnott were the 
most prominent men of the county, and pos- 
sessed great influence and much property 
down to the days of Cromwell. Colonel David 
Synnott was in command of the Royalist 
forces in the south of Ireland in 1649, when 
Cromwell besieged Wexford, and was killed 
during the siege. The family was Roman 
Catholic. Their lands were confiscated and 
the family left homeless and scattered. Many 
of the records also were destroyed. Colonel 
David Synnott's son Timothy, an infant, dur- 
ing the siege of Wexford in 1649, was let 
down from the wall in a basket and sent to 
the north of Ireland, where he was educated 
as a Protestant and became one of the de- 
fenders of Derry against James IL From 
Timothy are descended the Synnotts or Ar- 
magh. In Philip H. Hore's "History of Wex- 
ford," published in 1906, he refers to a recent 
visit to Lieutenant-General Hart Synnott, and 
seeing in the Hall of Ballymoyer, White Cross, 
County Armagh, the armor worn by Colonel 
David Synnott at Wexford, showing the marks 
of bullets on the breastplate. The ancient coat- 
of-arms of the family is described : Argent, 
three swans in close sable, two and one, ducal- 
ly gorged or. Crest : A swan seiant sable du- 
cally gorged or, pierced in the breast with an 
arrow. Motto: Atna Deuni at serva mandata. 
Sir William Synnott was knighted June 22, 
1600. 

(I) Martin Synnott, a descendant of this 
ancient Wexford family, was born in Wex- 
ford, Ireland, in 1775, and died in New Jer- 
sey, in 1812. He was educated in Wexford 
College, Ireland, and came to America about 
1793. He was engaged in the shipping trade 
and lived at May's Landing, New Jersey, and 
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He married, 
in 1804, Hannah Scull, of Atlantic, New Jer- 
sey, who was born in 1780, and died in 1840. 
Children : Dr. Myles, mentioned below ; Mar- 
garet, born 1808, married Rev. John Crouch ; 
Catherine, born 1810, married John Porch; 



Dr. Martin, born 1812, died in 1871, graduated 
from Jefl:erson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
in 1839, left no sons. 

(II) Dr. Myles Synnott, son of Martin 
Synnott, was born at May's Landing, New 
Jersey, in 1806, and died in 1867. He was 
graduated in 1831 from the Jefiferson Medical 
College of Philadelphia, and practiced many 
years at Glassboro, New Jersey. He married, 
Decanber 28, 1842, Harriet Heston Whitney, 
born December 5, 18 14, daughter of Captain 
Eben and Bathsheba Tinkin (Heston) Whit- 
ney (see Whitney VI). Children: Abigail 
Whitney, born in 1843, married Isaac Moffett, 
and had: Herbert N.; Thomas Whitney, men- 
tioned below ; Fannie W., born in 1847, never 
married. 

(III) Thomas \\'hitney, son of Dr. Myles 
Synnott, was born at Glassboro, New Jersey, 
September 8, 1845. He was educated in the 
public schools and West Jersey Academy, and 
became a glass manufacturer at Glassboro. 
He retired from active business in 1892, and 
since then has devoted his time to his varied 
investments and to benevolence. He is an 
elder of the Presbyterian church, president of 
the board of trustees of Princeton Theological 
Seminary, a trustee of Lincoln University, of 
Keswick Colony, and the School for Christian 
Workers; president of the Lord's Day Alli- 
ance of New Jersey and the Gloucester County 
Bible Society, treasurer of the Interchurch 
Federation of New Jersey and a member of 
the Board of Aid for Colleges of the Presby- 
terian Church, the Board of Publication and 
Sunday School Work of the Presbyterian 
Church, of the General Assembly Committee 
Evangelistic Work of the Presbyterian 
Church, of the Executive Committee, World's 
Sunday School Work; the Presbyterian His- 
torical Society, the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society, the New Jersey Historical Society, 
Sons of the Revolution and Union League of 
Philadelphia. He is president of the First 
National Bank, Glassboro, New Jersey, and 
a director in numerous corporations. In pol- 
itics he is a Republican. His residence is at 
Wenonah, New Jersey, and his offices are in 
the Manhattan Building, Philadelphia (see 
"W'ho's Who in America"). 

He married, June 13, 1872, Mary Daven- 
port Eldridge. who was born July 21, 1848, a 
daughter of Septimus and Mary (Pierce) 
Eldridge. Her parents lived at Wilmington, 
Delaware, and at Philadelphia. They had 
one son, Clayton Eldridge, born at Wenonah, 
July 21, 1876, educated in the public schools 
and' at the William Penn Charter School, Phil- 
adelphia ; he married, in 1897, Faith Botsford, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



629 



daughter of the Rev. Alfred P. Botsford, 
D. D. ; children: Marion B., born 1898. and 
Thomas W., born 1906. 

(The Whitney L.ne). 

The Whitney family is descended from Tur- 
stin, "the Fleming," otherwise known as Tur- 
stin de Wigmore, through the following line: 
John Whitney, the immigrant ancestor, was 
son of Thomas, who was son of Sir Robert ; 
he was son of Sir Robert, who was the son of 
Sir Robert who was knighted the day after 
Queen Mary's coronation in October, 1553; 
he was son of Robert, who was son of James ; 
James was son of Robert, who was son of Sir 
Eustace de Whitney ; the latter was son of 
Sir Robert who was granted the castle of Clif- 
ford and lordships of Clifford and Glasbury 
by Henry lY. in 1404, on account of services 
of his father, Sir Robert, who was son of Sir 
Robert de Whitney; he was son of Sir Eustace 
de Whitney, who was son of Sir Eustace de 
Whitney ; he was son of Sir Robert de Whit- 
ney, a direct descendant of Eustace, son of 
Turstin, a follower of William the Conqueror. 

( I ) John Whitney, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in England in 1583. He re- 
ceived for the times a good education in the 
\\'estminster school, now known as St. Peter's 
College. He was apprenticed February 22. 
1597, at the age of fourteen by his father to 
William Pring, of the Old Bailey, London, a 
freeman of the Merchant Tailor's Company. 
At the age of twenty-one, March 13, 1604, 
John Whitney became a full-fledged member. 
He made his home in Isleworth-on-the- 
Thames, eight miles from Westminster, and 
there three of his children were born, and 
there his father apprenticed to him his younger 
brother, Robert, who served seven years. Soon 
afterward John Whitney left Isleworth, and 
doubtless returned to London and lived in 
Bow Lane, near Bow Church, where his son 
Thomas was born. In September, 1631, he 
placed his eldest son, John, in the Merchant 
Tailor's school, where, according to the regis- 
ters, he remained as long as the family was in 
England. Early in April, 1635, John Whit- 
ney registered with his wife Eleanor, and sons 
John, Richard, Nathaniel, Thomas and Jona- 
than, as passengers on the ship "Elizabeth and 
Ann," landing a few weeks later in New Eng- 
land. He settled in Watertown in June, and 
bought a sixteen-acre homestall of John 
Strickland and what is now Belmont and East 
Common streets. He was admitted a freeman. 
March 3, 1635-36, and was appointed consta- 
ble, June I. 1 64 1. He was selectman from 
1638 to 1655 inclusive, and town clerk in 
1655. He was one of the foremost citizens for 



many years. He was grantee of eight lots in 
Watertown. He died June i, 1673. He mar- 
ried (first) in England, Elinor , born 

1599, died in Watertown, May 11, 1659. He 
married (second) in Watertown, September 
29, 1659, Judith Clement, who died before 
her husband. His will was dated April 3, 
1673. Children by first wife: Mary, baptized 
in England, May 2}^, 1619, died young; John, 
born in England in 1620; Richard, in England, 
1626; Nathaniel, England, 1627; Thomas, 
mentioned below; Jonathan, England, 1634; 
Joshua, Watertown, July 5, 1635; Caleb. Wa- 
tertown, July 12, 1640; Benjamin, Water- 
tov/n. June 6, 1643. 

(H) Thomas, son of John Whitney, was 
born in England in 1629, and died September 
20, 1719. He lived in Watertown and Stow, 
Massachusetts. He was admitted a freeman, 
April 18, 1690. He married in Watertown, 
January 11, 1654, Mary Kedall or Kettle, 
whose father was doubtless the John Kettle 
who received May 10, 1642, by grant, six pieces 
of common called Pequusset "for the present 
necessity." Childrai : Thomas, mentioned 
below; John, born May 9,1659, died May 16, 
1659; John, August 22, 1660, died August 26, 
1660; Eleazer, September 2, 1662; Elnathan, 
September 2, 1662; Mary, December 22, 1663, 
died young; Bezaleel, September 16, 1665; 
Sarah, March 25, 1667 ; Mary, August 6, 1668, 
died September 6, 1669; Isaiah, September 
16, 167 1 ; Martha, January 30, 1673. 

(HI) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Whitney, was born in Watertown, August 
24, 1656. and died in Bolton, Massachusetts, 
April 12, 1742. He lived in Watertown, Stow 
and Lancaster, in the part later incorporated 
as Bolton, Massachusetts. His first five chil- 
dred were born in Stow. He served in King 
Philip's war in 1676, and was in the garrison 
at Lancaster, October 19, 1675. He married, 
January 29, 1679, Elizabeth Lawrence, who 
was born February 30, 1659, and died in Bol- 
ton, February 8, 1741. Children: Thomas, 
born September 17, 1681 ; Elizabeth, February 
16, 1682; John, May 13, 1684; Mary, January 
13, 1685; Benjamin, mentioned below; Na- 
than, November 18, 1689; Susanna. Abigail. 

[W ) Benjamin, son of Thomas (2) Whit- 
ney, was born October 7, 1687, and died Oc- 
tober, 1737. He lived in Marlborough and 
Boston, Massachusetts. He was the first of 
the family to settle in Boston, about 1737. In 
171 1 he was of Simon Mainard's garrison. He 
owned large tracts of land in Marlborough, 
partly inherited from John and Deborah Bar- 
rett. His will was "dated October 19, and 
proved November 9, 1737 ; he bequeathed to 
his son Solomon his "Narragansett right," 



630 



NEW ENGLAND. 



showing that he served in the Indian wars. 
He married (first), February 7, 1710, Sarah 
Barrett, who was born November 28, 1692, 
and died February 15, 1730. He married 
(second), in 1730, Abigail Bridge, who was 
born April i, 1696. and died August i, 1767. 
in Boston, daughter of Matthew Bridge. L'hil- 
drey by first wife : Deborah, born November 7, 
1711; Barrett, September 22, 1715; David, 
June 21, 1717; Persis, January 10, 1719; Soi 
omon, December 20, 1721 ; Sarah, July 13, 
1723; Timothy, July 6, 1725, died young: 
Dinah, July 12, 1727; Job, October 22, 1729. 
Children by second wife: Abigail, May 13, 
1731 : Benjamin, May 9, 1732: George. March 
22. 1733: Samuel, mentioned below; Ann, Oc- 
tober 23, 1736. 

(V) Samuel, son of Benjamin Whitney, 
was born at Marlborough, September 5. 1734, 
and died May 29, 1808. He lived from 1767 
to 1777, in Concord, Massachusetts, and m 
Ca«tine, Maine. In 1775 he was the delegate 
from Concord to the First Provincial Con- 
gress, and was a leading member in the town 
committees of safety, correspondence and in- 
spection. He took part in the battle of Con- 
cord, April 19, 1775, being muster master of 
two hundred men raised by Concord. He had 
at that time a large amount of public stores in 
his house. .A.bout 1791 he returned to Castine 
where he became very prosperous. In politics 
he was a federalist. He married, October 20, 
1757, Abigail Cutler, who was born March 24, 
1735, and died July 2, 1813. Children : Samuel, 
born July 15, 1759; David, August 14, 1761 ; 
Benjamin, April 11, 1763: Anna, July 30, 
1764 ; George, September 22, 1765 ; James, De- 
cember I, 1766; Abigail, April 22, 1768: Lydia, 
June 19, 1769, died in infancy; Samuel Austin, 
"September 27, 1770: Joseph, September 19, 
1771 ; William, November 13, 1772; John, De- 
cember 19, 1773; Cyrus, December 24, 1774: 
Sarah, February 2, 1776: Mary, September 14, 
1777, died young: Eben, mentioned below; 
Henry, January 29, 1783. 

(VI) Captain Eben Whitney, son of Sam- 
uel Whitney, was born in Boston, March 17, 
1780, and died February 3, 1823. He lived in 
Glassboro, New Jersey. He married in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, August 27, 1807, Bath- 
sheba Tinkin Heston (see Heston III). Chil- 
dren: Samuel, born October 21, 1808, died 
January 17, 1810; Abigail Cutler, June 4, 1810; 
Thomas Heston. January 4, 1813; Harriet 
Heston, December 5, 1814, married December 
28, L842, Dr. Myle's Synnott (see Synnott) ; 
Eben Wharton, January 28, 1817; Samuel 
Austin, July 7, 1819. 



(The Heston Line). 

The surname Heston is doubtless a place 
name, from the village of Heston, in the par- 
ish of Isleworth, county Middlesex, England, 
twelve miles west of London. 

(I) Zebulon Heston, the immigrant ances- 
tor, is said to have come to America in 1684, 
and to have settled first at Barnstable Bay, 
Massachusetts. He moved from there after a 
short time, settling at Wrightstown, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, in 171 1. There is evi- 
dence that he lived in New Jersey before com- 
ing to Pennsylvania. There are records say- 
ing that he was a prominent freeholder in the 
township of Hopewell, now in Mercer county. 
New Jersey, in 1703, and that he sold his 
property there to Isaac Reeder in 1707. He 
was one of the four trustees of the first meet- 
ing house in Hopewell. About 1707 he moved 
to Falls township, Bucks county, near Wrights- 
town, Pennsylvania, moving finally from there 
to Wrightstown. It is thought that he was 
one of the Friends, and that he left England 
to escape persecution, as so many others did. 
About 171 1 he bought two hundred and twen- 
ty-four acres of land near Wrightstown, on 
which he lived. His will was dated April 20, 
1720, and his wife and John Rutledge were the 
executors. They sold the property to Jane 
Preston, of Abington. He married Dorothy 

. He died about 1725, and she married 

(second) Thomas Stackhouse, in 1728. Chil- 
dren: Rachel, born September 29, 1699; Han- 
nah, born October 16, 1701, died in December 
following; Zebulon, born November 4, 1702; 
John, May 25, 1705; Jemima, September 24, 
1707, died February 14, 1724; Stephen, born 
November 5, 1710; Jacob, mentioned below; 
Isaac, born May 17, 1715, died July 19, 1729; 
Thomas, August 3, 1718. 

(II) Jacob, son of Zebulon Heston, wfas 
born May 20, 1713. He married Mary War- 
ner, and they had at least three sons ; Thomas, 
mentioned below ; Edward, and Jesse. Ed- 
ward was a lieutenant-colonel in the revolu- 
tion ; he founded the village of Hestonville; 
he was a member of the Pennsylvania legis- 
lature, and a state senator for eight years; 
was judge of the court of common pleas of 
Philadelphia for four years; died in 1824. 

( HI ) Colonel Thomas Heston, son of Jacob 
Heston, was born April 4, 1753. He was a 
colonel in the revolution. In 1781 or about 
that time, with Thomas Carpenter, purchased 
the glass works from the Stanger Brothers, 
which they had established in 1775. They 
called it Heston's Glass Works at first, but 
one day at gathering of the Gloucester Fox 



NEW ENGr.AXI). 



631 



Hunting Club at Colonel Heston's house, a 
member suggested that the works be called 
Glassboro, and since then they have borne that 
name. Colonel Heston's descendants, the 
Whitneys, are still interested in the glass works 
at Glassboro, New Jersey. He married, June 
25, 1775. Hannah Clayton. His daughter, 
Bathsheba Tinkin Heston, married Captain 
Eben Whitney (see Whitney M). 



John Halsey, the first of whom 
HALSEY there is any authentic record in 
this line, lived at the Parsonage, 
Great Gaddesden, Hertfordshire, England, an 
estate which had been granted to his ancestors, 
and is mentioned in a deed in 1 512. In a lease 
of the rectory, dated Alafch 20, 1520, he is 
named as the father of William, mentioned 
below. 

(II ) William, son of John Halsey, executed 
his will. May 14, 1546. It was proved July 2 
of the same year, and mentioned his wife Alice, 
whose will, dated August 28, 1557, was proved 
December 2nd of the same year. Their second 
son was William, mentioned below. 

(III) William (2), son of William (i) 
Halsey, was mentioned in the will of both 
parents, and was buried at Great Gaddesden, 

May 16, 1596. His wife was Anne , 

whom he married at Great Gaddesden, Decem- 
ber 3, 1559. His will was dated January 21, 
1596, and proved the following June. 

(IV) Robert, third son of William (2) 
Halsey, married Dorothy, daughter of William 
Downes, of Linsdale, Buckinghamshire. He 
was buried at Great Gaddesden, October 12, 
1618. His will was dated October 5, 1618, 
and proved November 4th of the same year. 
His wife was buried September 23, 1620. 
They had fourteen children, among whom was 
Thomas, mentioned below. 

( \' ) Thomas Halsey, immigrant ancestor, 
and fourth son of Robert Halsey, was born at 
the Parsonage, and baptized in the church, 
January 2, 1591-92. He was in Naples, Italy, 
August 10, 1 62 1, at which time he wrote a 
letter to his brother William. Later he en- 
gaged in trade in London as a mercer. He 
was in Lynn, Massachusetts, as early as 1637, 
and in 1638 was allotted one hundred acres of 
land there. In 1640 he emigrated with others 
to Long Island, and became one of the found- 
ers of the town of Southampton. He was also 
one of the signers of the articles of agreement, 
describing the conditions and terms under 
which the new settlement was to be founded. 
It is recorded of him that he had much influ- 
ence in town affairs, was active in establish- 
ing the Connecticut jurisdiction, and was of 



independent spirit and strong will. lie was a 
delegate to the general court at Hartford in 
1664. In 1670 he joined in the remonstrance 
of those who wished to remain under the juris- 
diction of Connecticut instead of being added 
to the province of New York. November i, 
1676, he is named in the patent of confirma- 
tion, and December 6, 1686, in Governor Don- 
gan's patent. 

He married (first) before 1627 Phebe , 

who was murdered by two Pequot Indians, in 
1649. He married (second) July 25, 1660, 
Ann Johnes, widow of Edward Johnes, who 
survived him. He died in 1679. His will was 
dated July 28, 1677, ^"d is recorded in Book 
A of Wills, New York county. Children of 
first wife: Thomas, mentioned below; Isaac, 
born 1628-29; Daniel, 1630-31 ; Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Richard Howell, son of Edward Howell, 
a founder of Southampton, and his wife, 
Frances. 

(VI) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Halsey, was born about 1627, He is first men- 
tioned in the records of Southampton, March 
7, 1644, when he was enrolled among these 
sixteen years old and over, in a whaling ward. 
In 1657 he was living among "Eastern men," 
probably at Mecox. His will was signed, Au- 
gust 3, 1688. The exact date of his death is 
unknown, but he was not living September 15, 
1698. He is said to have been buried in Hay 
Ground graveyard in Bridgehampton, Long 
Island. He joined with his wife in dividing 
his property between her and their children. 

He married Mary , who left a will 

dated December 18, 1699, and died December 
20, 1699. Children: Mary, born August 29. 
1654; Elizabeth, October 15, 1655; Josiah, 
February 15. 1656-57; Sarah, October 29, 
1658 ; Captain Isaac, mentioned below ; David, 
.\pril 12, 1663; Hannah, February 5, 1665; 
Jeremiah. September 7. 1667 ; Jonathan, De- 
cember 22. 1669; Phebe, December 29, 1671 ; 
Abigail, .\pril 19, 1673; Nathaniel, |une I, 

1675- 

(VII) Captain Isaac Halsey, son of Thomas 
( 2 ) Halsey, was born August 29, 1660, in 
Southampton, died May 18, 1757. He married 
(first) November 25, 1689, Abigail, daughter 
of John Howell. Alarried (second) October 
19, 1699, Hannah Stratton, of East Hampton, 
New York, She died August 29, 1752, aged 
sixty-two years. Married (third) Mary Hud- 
son, widow. He had another wife whose name 
is unknown. He was a soldier in one of the 
I'^ench wars. In his will, dated January 10, 
1 75 1, he left the greater part of his estate to 
his grandsons Cnrneliiis and Silvanus. chil- 
dren of his son Ephraini. Children of first 



632 



NEW ENGLAND. 



wife: Ephraim, mentioned below; Isaac; child 
of second wife: Timothy, born 1703, died July 
12, 1723. 

(VIII) Ephraim, son of Captain Isaac Ilal- 
sey, was born in 1693, died August 20, 1764. 
He married, December 22, 171 3, Martha Conk- 
ling, of East Hampton, Long Island. She was 
born in 1698, died March 17, 1771. Children: 
Lemuel, born December 14, 171 5, died May 
30, 1735; Matthew, March 3, 1718; Cornelius, 
June 15, 1721 ; Silvanus, mentioned below; 
James (or Abraham), November 16, 1724, 
died December 22, 1746; Timothy, September 
23, 1727, died August 9, 1732; Waitstill, De- 
cember 28, 1729, died April 21, 1731 ; Abigail, 
February 8, 1732; Zophar, March 15, 1735, 
died December 20, 175 1 ; Mary, June 19, 1738. 

(IX) Silvanus, son of Ephraim Halsey, was 
born November 18, 1722, died February 14, 
181 5, at Blooming Grove, Orange county, New 
York. He married (first) Esther, daughter 

of Deacon Josiah and Halsey, (second) 

Widow Chard. Children: Mehetabel, born 
March 26, 1748; James, February 15, 1751 ; 
Stephen, December 18, 1752; Abigail, Septem- 
ber 7, 1755; Asenath, January 22, 1758; 
Zephaniah, February 22, 1760, Southampton ; 
Jabez, mentioned below ; Esther, March 8, 
1765 ; Epenetus, June 14, 1768. 

{X) Jabez, son of Silvanus Halsey, was 
born February 13, 1762, in New York City, 
died in 1820. He married, February 8, 1787, 
Euphemia, or Effie Brower. who was born 
November 7, 1759, died April 16, 1846. Chil- 
dren: James, born Rtarch 16, 1788, died 
about 1795, lost at sea; Abraham, April 24, 
1790, New York; Ann, January 29, 1793, died 
September 3, 1793; Anthony Post, mentioned 
below. 

(XI) Anthony Post, son of Jabez Halsey, 
was born August 30, 1794. in New York City, 
died at Orange, New Jersey, May 26, 1863. 
He was closely identified with the business 
interests of Old New York for fifty years. 
He was elected president of Bank of New 
York, February 2, 1858. He resigned on ac- 
count of ill health. May 11, 1863. He had 
been connected with the bank for forty-seven 
years. "During his connection with this insti- 
tution he filled the positions of clerk, teller, 
cashier, vice-president and president with emi- 
nent ability." He was prominent in the de- 
velopment of the public school system of the 
city and actively interested in Sabbath schools, 
devoting much time to their advancement and 
contributing liberally to their support. He also 
held several active positions in the benevolent 
societies and institutions of the Presbyterian 
church. He was a scholarly man, with a life- 
long taste for solid reading. He married, 



March 19, 1820, Irene Winifred Wetmore, 
born in New York, October 2, 1800, died 1881 
(see Wetmore V). Children: James Wetmore, 
born July 19, 182 1 ; Cornelia B., October 29, 
1823; Seton, mentioned below; Mary Wet- 
more, August 23, 1827; Euphemia, June 6, 
1833; Anna P., October 14, 1838. 

(XII) Seton, son of Anthony Post Halsey, 
was born in New York City, February 19, 
1826, died in 1888. He was a farmer by occu- 
pation. He married, March, 1854, Frances 
Eliza Dean, born in Northern New York, in 
1832, died in 1894. Child, Noah Wetmore, 
mentioned below. 

(XIII) Noah Wetmore, son of Seton Hal- 
sey, was born in Foreston, Illinois, December 
25, 1856, died July 'I, 191 1. He attended the 
public schools of his native town and entered 
Beloit College in Wisconsin, where he was a 
student for several years. He began to study 
his profession in what was then the Union 
College of Law, now part of the Chicago Uni- 
versity, and was graduated with the degree 
of LL. B. in 1882. For four years he prac- 
ticed law in Chicago, making a specialty of 
bonds and mortgages and corporation law, 
having for his principal client the firm of 
Harris & Company, bankers, of Chicago, New 
"^'ork and Boston. He was admitted to part- 
nership in this firm in 1 89 1 and in the same 
year came to New York City to take charge 
of the eastern business of the house. In 1901 
he withdrew from this firm and established 
the firm of N. W. Halsey & Company, bankers 
and dealers in bonds, and other securities, with 
offices at 49 Wall street. New York City. In 
1902 a branch office was opened in Chicago, 
Illinois, and in 1905 another in San Francisco, 
California. Later an office was opened in 
Philadelphia. Mr. Halsey organized the Pa- 
cific Gas & Electric Company of San Fran- 
cisco and was a prominent stockholder. He 
was a director of the Tri-City Electric Light 
Company of Davenport, Iowa, and Rock Island 
City; director of the Electric and Prospecting 
Company of New York. He was financially 
interested in a number of southern California 
corporations and in the Pacific Light & Power 
Company. He dealt extensively in railroad 
bonds of all the great railroad corporations of 
the country. 

He attended the Hillside Presbyterian Church 
of Orange, New Jersey, and resided at South 
Orange. He was a member of the Essex 
County Club of Orange, the South Orange 
Field Club, the Orange Riding and Driving 
Club, the New York Monday Club, the Union 
League Club of Chicago, the Pacific Union 
Club of San Francisco, the Phi Delta Phi 
Legal fraternity, the Chicago Law Institute 



NEW ENGLAND. 



633 



and the Metropolitan Art Museum of New 
York City. In politics he was a Repubhcan. 
He married, October 20, 1885, Alargaret 
Catherine, born April 21, 1864, daughter of 
Andrew M. and Sibyl (Sammis) Hitt, of 
Washington county, Maryland. Her mother 
was born in Ogle county. Illinois, in 1839. 
Children : Frances Dean, born September 29, 
1887, married, October 20. 1910, Albridge 
Clinton Smith Jr. : Ralph Wetmore, August 
,-JO, 1890; Helen", October 6, 1898. 



(I) Thomas Wetmore, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in 161 5 in one of the western coun- 
ties of England, according to family tradition. 
He came to America in 1635, sailing from 
Bristol, England, and settled in Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, where in 1639-40 he was a land- 
owner. He removed to Hartford soon after- 
ward, and in 1649 was one of the first settlers 
of Massabeseck, which was incorporated as the 
town of Middletown, Connecticut, November 
23. 1653. He was admitted a freeman, May 
JO, 1652, and represented his town in the gen- 
eral assembly in 1654-55. He died December 
II, 1681, aged sixty. His will was dated July 
20, 1681. He married (first) December 11, 
1645, Sarrih, daughter of John and Ann (Wil- 
liston) Hall; she died December 7, 1664-65. 
He marriei (second) January 3, 1667, ]\Iary 
f Piatt) Atkinson, daughter of Richard Piatt 
and widow of Luke Atkinson. She died June 
II, 1669. He married (third) Katherine 
( Leete) Robards, widow, who died October 
13, 1695. In the probate records his surviving 
children are given with their respective ages at 
the time. Children of first wife, born at Hart- 
lord : John, baptized September 6, 1646; Eliz- 
abeth, baptized 1648; Mary, born 1649; Sarah, 
baptized April 20, 1651. Born at Middletown: 
Thomas, October 19, 1652: Hannah, February 
13, 1653: Samuel, mentioned below; Israhiah, 
March 8-9. 1656: Beriah, November 2. 1658; 
Nathaniel, April 21, 1(161; Joseph, March 5, 
1662; Sarah, November 27, 1664. Children of 
second wife : Josiah, born Alarch 29, 1668 ; Me- 
hitable, June i, 1669. Children of third wife: 
Benjamin, November 27, 1674; Abigail, No- 
vember 6, 1679: Hannah, January 4, 1680. 

(II) Samuel, son of Thomas Wetmore, was 
born September 10, 1655, died April 12, 1746. 
He removed to Middlefield Society in 1700 and 
was one of the first settlers there. He married, 
December 13, 1687, Mary, bom April 7. 1664, 
died May 24, 1709, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Ann Bacon. Her father was a native of Eng- 
land and his family lived at Stratton, county 
Rutland. Children : Mehitable, born Novem- 
ber 14, 1689; Samuel, mentioned below ; Mary, 



June 29, 1694; Benjamin, May 17, 1696; 
Thomas, August 26, 1698; Daniel, May 9, 
1703; Bethiah, January 22, 1706-07; Jabez, 
May 14, 1709. 

(HI) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Wet- 
more, was born in Middletown, Connecticut, 
March 13, lOgz. died December 30. 1773. He 
was a member of the Middlefield Society and 
removed with his family to Winchester, Con- 
necticut, on election day, 1 771. He was the 
first person buried in the old Winchester 
grounds. His farm in Winchester remained 
in possession of descendants for many genera- 
tions. He married, June 21, 1722, Hannah 
Hubbard, born July 21, 1700, died June 4, 
1794. Children, born at Middletown: Deacon 
Samuel, December 24, 1723; Hannah, Decem- 
ber 12, 1725; John, October 27, 1727; Rev. 
Noah, mentioned below; ]\Iehitable, August 

5. 1732; Sarah, March 31. 1734; Lois, March 

6, 1736; Joel, March 9, 1738; Milicent, Sep- 
tember 15, 1739; Mary, July 23, 1741. 

(IV) Rev. Noah Wetmore, son of Samuel 
(2) Wetmore, was born in Middletown, April 
16, 1730. He graduated at Yale College in 
1757 and was ordained in November, 1760. 
He lived for a time at Torrington. He was 
settled, November 25, 1770, as the first pastor 
of the Congregational church of Bethel, Fair- 
field county, Connecticut, where he remained 
until 1784. He became pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church at Brook Haven, Long 
Island, in April. 1786, and served until March 
9. 1796, the time of his death. Thompson says 
he was a "gentleman of respectable talents 
and experienced a powerful influence among 
his church brethren. His social disposition 
made his company the delight of every circle 
and it may safely be said that few clergymen 
will ever be more beloved." He married Sub- 
mit, born April 16, 1735, died in August, 
1798-99, daughter of Ithiel Russell, of Bran- 
ford, Connecticut. Children, dates of baptism : 
Junia, March 30, 1761 ; Irene, September 11. 
1762: Hannah, January 22, 1765; Noah, men- 
tioned below ; Apollos, December 4, 1771 : Sam- 
uel Ithiel, December 30, 1774. 

(V) Noah (2). son of Rev. Noah ( i) Wet- 
more, was born in 1767, baptized at Torring- 
ton, May 4, 1767, died July 18, 1848. He re- 
moved to New York City at the age of forty- 
five to take charge of the New York Hospital 
and he remained in this position for a period 
of thirty years. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church on Cedar street, later of 
the church on Pearl street, and the Collegiate 
Reformed Dutch church. He was widely known 
and greatly esteemed. He married (first) 
February 14, 1792, Winifred Smith, and (sec- 
ond) December 11, 1816, Magdalen Brower. 



634 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Children : Apollos Russell, born November, 
1792, died 1796; William Henry, August 6, 
1794; Apollos Russell, at Danbury, November 
II, 1796: David Woodhull, June 26, 1798; 
Irene Winifred, October 2, 1800, married, 
March 19, 1820, Anthony Post Halsey (see 
Halsey XI). 



Anthony Morris, father of the 
MORRIS immigrant ancestor, was a mar- 
iner. He lived in Old Gravel 
Lane, in the parish of Stepney, London, Eng- 
land, and according to tradition was of Welsh 
extraction. He was probably born about 1630, 
son of Anthony (i), who was born about 
1600, and who was at one time of Reading, in 
Great Britain, and later of Barbados in the 
West Indies. In one of the old records it says 
that "The Family removed from Leicester- 
shire to London." He married Elizabeth 
Senior, probably in 1653, or perhaps earlier. 
He made voyages between London and the 
island of Barbados, and according to one ac- 
count he was lost at sea in 1655-56, on a re- 
turn voyage to England, while the old family 
Bible says he died in Barbados. His wife sur- 
vived him. He had an only child, Anthony . 
(3), mentioned below. 

(II) Anthony (3), son of Anthony (2) 
Morris, was born in Old Gravel Lane, Step- 
ney, London, August 23, 1654, and was bap- 
tized at St. Dunstan's Church, Stepney, Au- 
gust 25, 1654. When he was a young child he 
was taken to Barbados by his mother, who 
went there to settle her husband's affairs. She 
died soon after her arrival there, when he was 
only six years old. He lived in London dur- 
ing the next years of his life, and before he 
became of age he joined the Society of Friends. 
In 1675 he was a member of the Savoy Meet- 
ing in the Strand. The first record of him 
in the records of Friends, was in the minutes 
of the Westminster Friends' Meeting, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1675, when he and Mary Jones pro- 
posed their intention of marriage, which were 
declared for the third time February 28, 1675. 
They were married March 30, 1676, at the 
Meeting of the Savoy, in the Strand, London. 
For about seven years they lived in the Strand, 
and in St. Giles-in-the-Fields, London, until 
they emigrated in 1682, settling in Burlington, 
New Jersey, where he bought two hundred and 
fifty acres of land in the territories of Bur- 
lington and also one acre in Burlington, from 
Thomas Budd. March 17, 1683. There are 
records of many other purchases of land by 
him, showing that he was an extensive dealer 
in real estate. In 1683 he was a contributor 
to the fund for the building of the first meet- 
ing-house of the Friends in Burlington. As 



early as October, 1685, he seems to have be- 
gun preparations to move to Philadelphia, as 
he sold his house in Burlington at that time. 
In Philadelphia he built his "Mansion House," 
on land which he bought May 4, 1687. Upon 
his arrival in Philadelphia he became actively 
interested in the work of the Friends' Society, 
and in a short time was made clerk, which of- 
fice he held for some time. He rapidly became 
prominent in the affairs of the city, and in the 
charter granted May 20, 1691, he was ap- 
pointed one of the six aldermen. On Septem- 
ber 6, 1692, he was commissioned a justice 
of the peace of the county courts, and on that 
same date he was commissioned a justice of 
the court of common pleas, quarter sessions 
of the peace and the orphans' court of the 
city and county. He was reappointed by Gov- 
ernor Fletcher, May 5, 1693, being made pre- 
siding justice of the court of common pleas 
and of the county court quarter sessions on 
May 29, 1693. On August 10, 1694, he was 
commissioned a justice of the supreme court 
of the Province of Pennsylvania, and he kept 
these offices until 1698.* In 1695 he was re- 
turned as a representative for the county in 
the provincial council, and he was re-elected 
in 1696. On May 10, 1698, he was elected a 
representative for the county of Philadelphia 
in the Assembly of the Province, and he was 
re-elected every year afterward until October, 
1703. It is thought that he started the brew- 
ing business as early as 1687, although the old 
"Anthony Morris Brewhouse" on King street 
could not have been built till some years later. 
In the charter of privileges, October 25, 1701, 
he was named as an alderman, and in virtue 
of this office he was an associate justice of the 
city courts. He was elected by the common 
council on October 5, 1703, to succeed Edward 
Shippen in the office of mayor of Philadelphia. 
Anthony Morris was active in his business as 
merchant, in spite of his public offices, buying 
and selling real estate in Philadelphia and 
Chester counties. In 1721 his health began to 
fail, and August 23, 1721, he died, only a fort- 
night after he had been actively engaged in 
the deliberations of the city fathers. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary Jones in London, March 
30, 1676, and she died at Philadelphia, May 8, 
1689. He married (second), at Philadelphia, 
October 28, 1690, Agnes Bom, widow of Cor- 
nelius Bom, and she died July 26, 1692. He 
married (third), January 18, 1693-94, at New- 
port, Rhode Island, Mary, widow of Thomas 



•A writ of attachment signed by him is in the 
possession of Effingham B. Morris. Its peculiarity 
lies in the fact of its being- couched in the plain 
language of Friends, requiring the sheriff to attach 
any goods of the defendant found in "thy" baili- 
wick. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



635 



Coddington and daughter of John Howard, of 
Yorkshire, England. She died Sqjtember 25, 
1699. He married (fourth) at the Philadel- 
phia monthly meeting, October 30, 1700, Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Luke and Sarah Watson, 
and she died February 2, 1767, aged ninety- 
four. Children by first wife: Susanna, born in 
London, March 7, 1676-77, died when about 
six years old ; Mary, in London, September 
18, 1678, died aged one year; Anthony, in 
London, April 24, 1680, died aged about one 
year ; Anthony, mentioned below ; John, born 
in Burlington, April 17, 1685, died June 12, 
1690; Samuel, in Philadelphia, February 28, 
1686-87, died November 2, 1689; James, July 
8, 1688. Children by third wife, born in Phila- 
delphia : William, July 23, 1695 ; Elizabeth, 
June 28, 1697; Joseph, May 12, 1699, died 
July 25, 1699. Children by fourth wife, born 
in Philadelphia: Isaac, December 24, 1701 : 
Sarah, January 16, 1703-04; Israel, December 
25, 1705; Luke, October 25, 1707; Hannah, 
July 4, 1717. 

(Ill) Anthony (4), son of Anthony (3) 
Morris, was born in London, England, Alarch 
15, 1681-82, and died in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, September 23, 1763. When he was 
fourteen years of age he put himself as an ap- 
prentice to Henry Badcock and Mary his wife, 
to learn the art of brewing, to serve for seven 
years. In 1706, after his marriage, he was 
e\'idently connected with his father in the 
brewing business, as the latter conveyed to 
him one-half share of his dwelling on Front 
street, with the brewhouse and utensils, and 
this business has even since been carried on by 
a descendant of Anthony Morris, forming the 
oldest established house in America. On Oc- 
tober 4, 171 5, he was elected a member of the 
common council. In 1721 he was chosen a 
representative of Philadelphia in the Assem- 
bly of the Province of Pennsylvania, and he 
was re-elected in 1722-23-24 and 1725. He 
was elected an alderman September 29, 1726, 
but declined the honor, but accepted the ap- 
pointment when he was again chosen on Oc- 
tober 2, 1735; at this time he was also com- 
missioned an associate justice of the city court. 
On May 18, 1725, he was elected to fill a va- 
cancy in the board of overseers of the public 
school, and he continued to serve in that ca- 
pacity until his death in 1763. In 1727 he 
was one of the founders of the ancient Dur- 
ham Furnace, and also he founded and pos- 
sessed shares in Pool Forges and other fur- 
naces. He was owner of much property and 
was one of the leading men in the community, 
as his father had been. He was elected 
mayor of the city, October 3. 1738, and No- 
vember 13, 1738 he was appointed a justice of 



the orphans' court. In 1741 he built a new 
brewhouse known as the "Morris Brewery," 
and he lived here until his death. He married 
in Philadelphia, May 10, 1704, Phoebe, daugh- 
ter of George and Alice Guest. She was born 
September 28, 1685, and died March 18, 1768. 
Children : Anthony, mentioned below ; James, 
born September 8, 1707; John. June, 1709; 
Samuel, September 20, 1710, died October 7, 
1710; Samuel, November, 171 1; Mary, Octo- 
ber 13, 1713; Joseph, March 10, 1714-15; 
Elizabeth. October 21, 1716; Benjamin, De- 
cember 30, 1717-18, died July 7, 1719; Phoebe, 
July 4, 1721, died May 5, 1722; Susanna, Sep- 
tember 27, 1722, died August 13, 1724; Deb- 
orah, January 13, 1723-24; Benjamin, May 7, 
1725 ; daughter, born and died July 19, 1726. 
(IV) Anthony (5), son of Anthony (4) 
Morris, was born January 14, 1705. He was 
connected with his father in the brewing busi- 
ness. He does not seem to have bought as 
much real estate as his father and grandfather. 
He was taken into partnership with his father 
in 1741, and December 10. 1741, his parents 
deeded to him one-half share in the brewhouse, 
just as his grandfather had done for his 
father. In 1745 he moved the brewery to the 
place now knowii as "Dock and Pear Street," 
because of the presence of several springs on 
the property. On October 8, 1742, he was 
elected an "overseer" of the public school, but 
resigned in 1758, being succeeded by his 
brother Joseph. On May i, 1748, he became 
an original member of the "Colony in Schuyl- 
kill," an organization of which his son. Cap- 
tain Samuel Morris, was a distinguished mem- 
ber, serving as its governor. He was one of 
the signers of the Non-Importation Agree- 
ment, November 7, 1765. He died December 
2, 1780. at his country seat, "Peckham," in 
Southwark, and his wife died May 23, 1783. 
He married (first), February i, 1730, Sarah, 
daughter of Samuel and Abigail (Wilcox) 
Powell. She was born June 29, 1713, and died 
.^pril 10, 1 75 1. He married (second), June 
30, 1752, Elizabeth Hudson, granddaughter 
of Wilfiam Hudson, a member of the provin- 
cial council and mayor of Philadelphia, 1725- 
26, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Samuel 
Richardson, also a provincial councillor. Both 
of his wives were heiresses; Samuel Powell 
was a rich builder and Elizabeth Hudson in- 
herited considerable property from her grand- 
father. Children by first wife : Anthony, born 
November 25, 1731. died January 29, 1732; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Deborah, Novem- 
ber 15, 1736; Major Anthony, October 8, 1738 ; 
Israel. April 6, 1741 : Sarah, July 2, 1743: 
Thomas. Januarv 25, 1745-46. Children by 
second wife: William Hudson, Mav 10. 1753: 



636 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Luke, June lo, 1760; Isaac, January 28, 1761, 
died "in the following week." 

(V) Captain Samuel Morris, son of An- 
thony (5) Morris, was born in Philadelphia, 
June 24, 1734, and died July 7, 1812, aged 
seventy-eight years. On January 8, 1750, he 
was apprenticed to Isaac Greenleaf, a mer- 
chant, for four years. He was an excellent 
horseman, delighting in outdoor sports. In 
1763 his name was on the roll of the "Society 
of Fort St. David's," the members of this so- 
ciety being principally Welshmen of the Or- 
der of Ancient Britons. He became a member 
of the club called "Colony in Schuylkill," May 
I, 1748. He was elected governor of this col- 
ony and re-elected annually for forty-six years, 
until his death, having been a member for 
sixty-four years. He was also president of 
the Gloucester Fox Hunting Club from its 
organization, October 29, I7(^, until his death. 
He was unanimously elected captain of the 
Troop of Philadelphia Light Horse, upon 
Captain Markoe's relinquishing his command. 
He served on the Committee of Safety from 
June 30, 1775, until October 10, 1775, and 
from October 20, 1775 to July 22, 1776. He 
declined the appointment July 24, 1776. He 
was active in helping to equip the army, in 
organizing, drilling and completing the naval 
defenses, and for his work the committee of 
safety voted, July 19, 1776, to pay him £150. 
In 1776 he was elected a representative -in the 
Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania, and in 
1781-82 and' 83 he was in the General As- 
sembly of the Commonwealth, serving also 
on the "committee of grievances." When the 
Revolutionary war broke out, the Philadelphia 
Troop of Light Horse, with Captain Morris 
in command, ofifered its services, and through 
the campaign of 1776-77 it served as Washing- 
ton's bodyguard. At the battle, of Trenton 
the members of the Troop distinguished tiiem- 
selves by their bravery. Captain Morris in- 
herited from his brother, Major Anthony Mor- 
ris, who was killed at the battle of Princeton, 
the mansion house and brewery. When Phila- 
delphia was threatened with the advance of 
the British troops, the seat of government 
was moved to Lancaster, and many families 
moved also. Captain Morris moved his family 
to or near to Reading, Berks county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Captain Morris took part in the bat- 
tles of Brandywine and Germantown, camped 
at Valley Forge and served near Philadelphia 
until the British evacuated, in June, 1778. He 
was justice of the peace for the Walnut street 
ward, January 5, 1779, and was a member of 
the Pennsylvania Assembly from 1781'to 1783. 
After the Revolution he entered active business 
life, becoming a partner in the firm of Meicker 



& Morris, sugar refiners. In 1786 he resigned 
as a member of the Light Horse Troop. Al- 
though he was "disowned" by the .Society of 
Friends because he entered the Revolutionary 
war, he continued to wear the dress and use 
the language, worshipping with them in their 
meetings. He married at Christ Church, Phil- 
adelphia, December 11, 1755, Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of Caspar and Katharine (Jansen) Wis- 
tar. She died January 22, 1791. Children, 
born in Philadelphia, except the last, who was 
born in Reading: Samuel, died young; Sarah, 
born January 19, 1758; Benjamin Wistar, Au- 
gust 14, 1762; Caspar Wistar, September 12, 
1764; Anthony, February 10, 1766; Luke Wis- 
tar, June 25, 1768; Isaac Wistar, July 19, 
1770: Catharine W., April 22, 1772; Samuel, 
March 4, 1775 ; Israel Wistar, mentioned be- 
low. 

(VI) Israel Wistar, son of Captain Samuel 
Morris, was born at Reading, Berks county, 
Pennsylvania, February 27, 1778, during the 
occupation of Philadelphia by the British, 
and he died August 17, 1870. He was a 
broker and commission merchant. He was 
elected a member of the Light Horse Troop, 
May 31, 1798, and in 1803 became an honor- 
ary member. He was a man of great deter- 
mination and energy. For a time he and his 
wife lived in Philadelphia, participating in the 
fashionable life of the day, but later they 
changed their mode of life and adopted the 
dress of the Friends, and resided thereafter 
on a large estate of some three hundred acres 
belonging to his wife, called "Green Hill," in 
Lower Merion, Montgomery county. He mar- 
ried, August 12, 1799, Mary Hollingsworth, 
who was born June 19, 1776, and died August 
23, 1820. She was a daughter of Levi Hollings- 
worth. Children : Stephen P., born August 3, 
1800; Henry, March 27, 1802; Samuel, Jan- 
uary 25, 1803, died August 18, 1804: Caspar, 
mentioned below ; Levi, June 24, 1807 : Han- 
nah, May 20. 1809: Israel, December 22, 181 1 ; 
Jane, October 13, 1813: Wistar, November 6, 
"1S15. 

(\1I) Caspar Morris, M. D., son of Israel 
W. Morris, was born May 2, 1805, and died 
March 17, 1884. When a young boy he went 
with his parents to a farm near Philadelphia. 
He first attended school at the Pine Street 
Meetinghouse, and then he was taught by 
David Ellis, in Church alley. Later he at- 
tended the William Penn Charter School, un- 
der Thomas Dugdale and Joseph Roberts. 
Early in life he had shown a taste for the med- 
ical profession. He began his studies in the 
office of Dr. Joseph Parrish, who was then the 
leading practitioner in the city. From 1819 
to 1826, during his years of study, he lived 



NEW ENGLAND. 



637 



most of the time with his grandparents, Mr. 
and Mrs. Hollingsworth, excepting tlie time 
that he was at the Pennsylvania Hospital. He 
was graduated as a physician from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania in 1826, and then 
served as resident physician to the Pennsyl- 
vania Hospital. After this he made a voyage 
to India as ship's surgeon, and then began 
practice in Philadelphia, where he remained 
until he retired in 1871. He ranked very high 
in his profession, and was a lecturer in the 
P^hiladelphia Summer School of Medicine, on 
the theory and practice of medicine, and at 
the Blockley Almshouse Hospital, on the dis- 
eases of children. He also lectured at the 
Philadelphia Medical Institute on the practice 
of medicine. He was a founder and manager 
of the Institution for the Blind, and from i860 
to 1880 he was vice-president of the institu- 
tion. Also he was a founder and manager of 
the Protestant Episcopal Hospital. He was 
one of the fir.st to move in the establishment 
of the House of Refuge, and was one of the 
principal promoters of the enterprise of the 
Church of the Epiphany, at the corner of Fif- 
teenth and Chestnut streets. He also wrote 
many articles on general and medical subjects. 
In 1841, at Philadelphia, he published "A Life 
of William Wilberforce ;" in 1848, "Memoir 
of Miss Alargaret Mercer;" in 1851, "Letter 
to Bishop Alonzo Potter on Hospital Needs ;" 
1858, "Lectures on Scarlet Fever ;" in Balti- 
more, 1875, he published "Essay on Hospital 
Construction and Management," and for pri- 
vate distribution, "Rilliet and Barthol on Dis- 
eases of Children" and "Heart Voices and 
Home Songs." He died at his home after a 
long illness, March 17, 1884. He practiced in 
the city for forty-five years, but twelve or 
thirteen years before his death he had to re- 
tire because of his failing health. He mar- 
ried, in Baltimore, November 12, 1829, his 
second cousin, Anne, daughter of James and 
Mary (Hollingsworth) Cheston. She was 
born May 9, 1810, and died November, 1880. 
Children: James Cheston, M. D., born May 
28, 1831 ; Israel Wistar, mentioned below; 
Mary Hollingsworth, November, 1835 ; Gallo- 
way Cheston, June 26. 1840. died .\pril 12, 
1842; Daniel Corrie, May 17, 1842, rlied July 
21, 1845. 

(VIII) Israel Wistar, son of Dr. Caspar 
Morris, was born June i, 1833, died at his 
residence, 225 South Eighth street, Philadel- 
phia, December 18, 1909. He was a mining 
engineer of high standing. He was president 
of the Locust Mountain Coal Company, and of 
other coal mining corporations connected with 
the Lehigh Valley Railroad. He married, De- 
cember 3, 1855, Annie Morris, daughter of 



Effingham L. and Hannah A. (Morris) Buck- 
ley. She was born January 13, 1836, and was 
granddaughter of Thomas Buckley, president 
of the Bank of America, New York. Child: 
Effingham Buckley, mentioned below. 

(IX) Effingham Buckley, son of Israel W. 
Morris, was born at the old Morris mansion, 
225 South Eighth street, Philadelphia, August 
23, 1856. He was graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in the class of 1875, studied 
law and was admitted to the bar in 1878. He 
was associated with his relative, P. Pember- 
ton Morris, LL. D., to whose practice he 
eventually succeeded. He was attorney for 
various estates and corporations. For a num- 
ber of years he was general attorney for the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad Company, and coun- 
sel for the Girard Trust Company of Phila- 
delphia. Since 1887 he has been president of 
the Girard Trust Company, and under his ad- 
ministration this institution has taken one of 
the foremost places among the banking and 
fiduciary corporations of the country. At this 
date, 1912, its capital and surplus is ten mil- 
lions, deposits thirty-five millions, trust funds 
one hundred and twenty-five millions, and cor- 
porate trusts of securities upward of twelve 
hundred millions. He has been a director of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad since 1896, and is 
a director of various other railroad corpora- 
tions. He is chairman of the board of direc- 
tors of the Pennsylvania Steel Company and 
also of the Cambria Steel Company; director 
of the Philadelphia National Bank, the Frank- 
lin National Bank and the Fourth Street Na- 
tional Bank ; a manager of the Philadelphia 
Savings Fund Society ; trustee under the will 
of Anthony J. Drexel, deceased ; trustee of the 
estate of Asa Packer, deceased, president of 
Lehigh Valley Railroad, and founder of Le- 
high LTniversity ; trustee of the estate of Wil- 
liam Bingham, deceased, who owned practi- 
cally the entire coast of Maine (at that time 
Massachusetts) from Mt. Desert Island to 
Passamaquoddy Bay, the entire town of Bing- 
hamton. New York, and was the richest man 
in the United States in the eighteenth cen- 
tury. By appointment of the United States 
circuit court i\Ir. iMorris served as one of the 
receivers for the Schuylkill Navigation Com- 
pany, and arranged its afifairs in the reorgan- 
ization of the Reading Railroad of 1888. He is 
a director of the Pennsylvania Fire Insurance 
Company and other corporations. He is a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society, of the 
Sons of the Revolution, the Military Order 
of Foreign Wars, the Colonial Society of 
Pennsylvania, the Society of Founders and 
Patriots, the L^nion League Club, the Philadel- 



638 



NEW ENGLAND. 



phia Club, the Rittenhouse Club, the Racquet 
Club, the University Club, the Merion Cricket 
Club, the Radnor Hunt Club, the Bryn 
Mawr Polo Club, the Corinthian Yacht Club 
and others. From 1880 to 1887 Mr. Morris 
took an active part in Philadelphia politics. 
He was elected to the common council on the 
ticket of the Committee of One Hundred, a 
reform organization, and served one term, de- 
clining a re-election. In 1883 he was elected a 
city trustee of the gas works, defeating David 
H. Lane, then as now one of the political 
"bosses," for four years, until the dissolution 
of the trust, in reforming the conditions which 
had caused grave scandal in the community. 
He was a manager of the Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital for ten years, succeeding his uncle Wis- 
tar Morris, on the board. His law office is at 
1604-06 Morris Building, Philadelphia. 

He married, November 5, 1879, Ellen Doug- 
las, daughter of H. Nelson Burroughs, a 
banker of Philadelphia, and granddaughter of 
Augustus Mitchell, author and publisher of 
the famous old Mitchell's atlas. Children: i. 
Rhoda Fuller, born November 5, 1880, at 225 
South Eighth street, Philadelphia ; married 
George Clymer Brooke, of Drexel & Com- 
pany. 2. Eleanor Burroughs, born October 6, 
1881, at 225 South Eighth street; married 
Stacy B. Lloyd, assistant general counsel of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad. 3. Caroline Mitchell, 
born June 26, 1886; married John Frederic 
Byers, of A. M. Byers & Company, manufac- 
turers of iron pipe, Pittsburg. 4. Effingham 
Buckley Jr., born August 26, 1890, at Ty'n-y- 
Coed, near Ardmore, Mortgomery county, 
Pennsylvania, now a law student at the L"ni- 
versity of Pennsylvania : graduated from Yale 
University, class of 191 1. 

Ellen Douglas, wife of Effingham B. Mor- 
ris, is descended from Samuel Fuller, and is a 
member of the Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants. Samuel Fuller, son of Edward 
Fuller, was born in England, was married 
April 8, 1635, at Scituate, by Captain Miles 
Standish, to Jane, daughter of Rev. John 
Lothrop. Their son was John Fuller Jr., 
called "Little John" ; married, 1682, Mehita- 
ble Rowley, at East Haddam. Their son was 
Thomas Fuller, baptized October 30, 1688: 

married Elizabeth . Their son was 

Thomas (2) Fuller Jr., born April 5, 1715; 
married, September 11, 1734, Martha, daugh- 
ter of Moses and Martha (Porter) Rowley. 
Their son was Oliver Fuller, M. D., born Sep- 
tember 30, 1742 : died March 9, 1817 ; married. 
May 3, 1767, Alice, daughter of Captain John 
Ransome, of Colchester. Their son was Dr. 
Thomas Fuller, of New York, born July 11, 
1773, died February 10, 1801 ; married, May 



10, 1795, Nancy Lee, of Bristol, Connecticut, 
daughter of Charles Lee. Their daughter was 
Rhoda Ann Fuller, born April 25, 1796; mar- 
ried Samuel Augustus Mitchell, August, 181 5. 
Their daughter was Ellen Douglas Mitchell, 
married July 21, 1842, Horatio Nelson Bur- 
roughs, of Philadelphia. Their daughter was 
Ellen Douglas (see Morris IX) ; married Ef- 
fingham B. Morris, of Philadelphia, Novem- 
ber 5, 1879. 



Rev. John Miles or Myles was 
MILES born in Wales in 1621, died at 

Swansea, February 3, 1682-83. 
He was educated at Oxford University. He 
became pastor of a Baptist church in Wales, 
but after the passage of the Act of Uniform- 
ity in England under Charles II. he was 
obliged to abandon his living, and about 1663 
he sought religious freedom in this country. 
He lived for a time at Weymouth, Massachu- 
setts, but was not allowed to preach there. 
Finally he settled in Swansea, adjoining the 
Providence plantations, and there he gath- 
ered a small church and ministered to it dur- 
ing the remainder of his life. "The principles 
of this church were of the most liberal sort 
and its declaration of faith as broad as that of 
Roger Williams himself." His widow Anne 
died at Swansea, December 17, 1693. He had 
sons: I. Rev. Samuel, for forty years rector 
of King's Chapel, Boston, under Episcopal 
rule. 2. John, mentioned below. 

(II) John (2) Miles, son of Rev. John 
(i) Miles or Myles, was born about 1650. He 
was town clerk of Swansea. He married 
Mary and lived at Swansea. Chil- 
dren: I. John, married. May 21, 170^, 

. 2. Nathaniel, born October 26. 1671. 



3. James, April 29, 1674. 4. Samuel, men- 
tioned below. 

(III) Samuel, son of John (2) Miles, was 
born at Swansea, or vicinity, in i68q. He re- 
moved to Pomfret, Connecticut. He married 
and had sons, Thomas, Daniel, mentioned be- 
low. 

(IV) Daniel, son of Samuel Miles, was 
born about 1710; died in 1777. He was an 
early settler at Nichewaug, afterward Peters- 
ham, Worcester county, Massachusetts. He 
was there as early as 1740, when the birth of a 
daughter is recorded. Daniel Miles and Nehe- 
miah Coy, of Nichewaug, deeded to Aaron 
Whitney a lot originally drawn by Edward 
Houghton in Nichewaug, October 2, 1745. 
Daniel Miles, of Nichewaug, John Williams, 
of Pomfret, and Thomas Miles, of Canterbury, 
Connecticut, deeded to Joseph Hinds and Silas f 
Bennett, of Shrewsbury, land at Nichewaug, 
being the whole of the right of Ephraim 



NEW ENGLAND. 



639 



Houghton, except a house lot and two divisions 
laid out previously, by deed dated April 2, 
1751. The mother of Daniel may have been 
a Houghton. Daniel Miles bought land in 
Petersham, March 19, 1762, of Dennis Lock- 
ley, of Templeton, Alassachusetts. Daniel Miles 
deeded land at Petersham to his son Daniel 
in 1771. His will was dated June 10, 1771, be- 
ciueathing to children, Daniel, Joab, Dana, Ben- 
jamin, Joanna, Susanna, Patience and Free- 
dom. He married (first) Susanna , who 

died before 1762. He married (second) (in- 
tention dated November 6, 1762) Abigail 
Kingsley, of Pomfret, Connecticut. His widow 
Abigail married. May 16, 1786, David Sander- 
son at Petersham. Children by first wife, born 
at Petersham: i. Susannah, December 20, 
1740; married, April 5, 1767, Samuel Curtis. 
2. Joab, Match 13, 1741 ; soldier in revolution; 
father of Daniel Miles, grandfather of Daniel 
C. Miles, of Westminster, and of General Nel- 
son A. Miles. Llnited States army. 3. Joanna, 
September 12, 1742. 4. Daniel, mentioned be- 
low. 5. Benjamin, August 9, 175 — . 6. Abi- 
gail, July 18, 175 — . 7. Patience, April 3, 
175 — . 8. Freedom, May 20, 175 — . Children 
of second wife: 9. Dana, January 22, 1764. 
10. Benjamin, November i, 1768. 

(V) Daniel (2), son of Daniel (i) Miles, 
was born at Petersham, August 9, 175 — . prob- 
ably 1750 (record torn). He was a soldier in 
the revolution in Captain Nathan Hamilton's 
company. Colonel Samuel Brewer's regiment, 
August 3, to September 30, 1776, and later, 
serving at Ticonderoga ; also in the same com- 
pany at Fort Edward in 1777; corporal in Cap- 
tain Peter Woodbury's company. Colonel Job 
Cushing's regiment in 1777, and in Captain 
John Oliver s company. Colonel Nathan Spar- 
hawk's raiment, 1777, at the reduction of 
Burgoyne. He bought land of James Claflin, 
of Petersham, November 22, 1778, and deeded 
land in 1779 to Josiah Berges. He married 
(intention dated November 30, 1771) Comfort 
Bouker, of Northborough. Children : Eber, 
born October 25, 1772, died young; Sarah, 
January 19, 1775; Anne, February 23, 1777; 
Sally, January 23, 1779; Polly, January 24, 
1781 ; Daniel and Josiah (twins), April 16, 
1784; Belinda, March 2, 1786. 

(VI) Josiah, son of Daniel (2) Miles, was 
born in Petersham, April 16, 1784. He mar- 
ried, at Petersham, January 13, 1815, Anna 
Farrar, who died June 3, 1820, aged twenty- 
one years (gravestone). Children, born at 
Petersham: Joseph, November 12, 1815 : Elmer 
Brooks, mentioned below ; Mary. 1818, died 
August 13, 1819, aged ten months ; Anne, mar- 
ried William Goddard. 

(VH) Elmer Brooks, son of Josiah Miles, 



was born at Petersham, Massachusetts, Janu- 
ary 17, 1817. He married, September 8, 1842, 
Elizabeth Adams, born at Barre, February 9, 
1822, daughter of Daniel and Abigail (Hol- 
land) Bacon. Her parents were married at 
Barre, April 29, 1813. Abigail Holland was 
born at Barre, August 11, 1792, daughter of 
Joab and Abigail Holland (see Holland V). 
Air. and Mrs. Miles settled at Palmer after 
marriage. About 1855 they removed from 
Palmer to Monson, Massachusetts. Children: 
Frederick Brooks, born December 16, 1846; 
George Elmer, mentioned below ; Fanny Rus- 
sell, married Fred John Gauntlett, an English- 
man, child, Dorothy Gauntlett. 

(VIII) George Elmer, son of Elmer Brooks 
Miles, was born at Palmer, Massachusetts, 
January 11, 1849. He moved to Monson with 
his parents in 1855 and attended the public 
schools there, preparing for college under the 
instruction of Professor Hammond. His plans 
for a college education were abandoned, how- 
ever, and he went to Oswego, New York, with 
his parents, and after remaining there three 
years removed to New York City. He enter- 
ed the employ of the Nczv York Tribune, of 
which Horace Greeley was still the editor in 
1869, and was on the city department regular 
staff as reporter and correspondent for about 
seven years. As chief-in-charge of the report- 
ing of the courts in New York, he was the 
representative of the Tribune in writing up the 
important cases of that period, including the 
famous trials of McFarland for the murder 
of Richardson, the Tribune correspondent ; of 
Stokes for the murder of Fisk ; of William M. 
Tweed, etc., etc. ; was correspondent of his 
paper at Saratoga, New York, and also a wit- 
ness at the celebrated impeachment trial of 
Judge Barnard, and accompanied Horace Gree- 
ley in his notable trip through the country as 
candidate for President. He resigned from 
the Tribune to become the official stenographer 
of the New York court of common pleas. 
Afterward he was official stenographer for 
Governor Tilden's commission investigating 
the canal frauds. Reported officially for the 
Associated Press the sittings of the electoral 
commission at Washington in the famous 
llayes-Tilden contest. In 1883 he became 
private secretary to Collis P. Huntington, presi- 
dent of the Southern Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany. After Mr. Huntington died in igoo, he 
became associated with H. E. Huntington, 
president of the electric railroad system of Los 
Angeles, California, and was later appointed 
secretary and treasurer of the Newport News 
Ship Building and Dry-Dock Company, a posi- 
tion he holds at the present time, and of which 
he is also a director. He is also a director and 



640 



NEW ENGLAND. 



secretary of the Newport News Light and 
Water Company. He is a member of the Lin- 
coln Club of Brooklyn, New York. In politics 
he is independent, and in religion non-sectar- 
ian ; has written for newspaper and magazines 
since he left the Tribune. 

He married, November 17, 1875, Emma, 
born at Wilmington, Delaware, daughter of 
Emile Eugene Nifenecker. Her father was 
born in Alsace, France, came to this country 
in 1850, and followed his profession as civil 
engineer, living most of his life in Brooklyn 
and New York City. Children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Miles : Stella Brooks, married Louis Lau- 
rens Norton ; George Frederick, civil engineer, 
married Margaret Sackett, child, George Sack- 
ett Miles ; Elma. 

(The Adams Line). 

(I) John Adams, immigrant ancestor, was 
one of the first settlers in the west part of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, called fii-st Menot- 
omy, later West Cambridge, and now Arling- 
ton. He was a resident there as early as 1650, 
with his wife Anne and eldest daughter Re- 
becca, who was born before coming to Amer- 
ica. He was admitted a freeman, in 1666, and 
was a millwright by trade. His will was made 
June I. 1705-06, and his death occurred not 
long after. His widow and son John were 
executors. She was living in October, 1714. 
Children : Rebecca, born in England, married, 
November 24, 1669. Nathaniel Patten, died 
December 18, 1677; Mary, born in America, 
October 25, 1652; born in Menotomy: John, 
about 1654, died soon : John, mentioned below : 
Daniel, August 8, 1657, died young; Hannah, 
baptized June 17, 1660, died January 25, 1661 : 
Daniel, August 12, 1662, died May 14, 1685 : 
Joseph, 1664. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Adams, 
was born May i, 1655. He had credit for 
services in the war against the Lidians, Decem- 
ber, 1676. He settled in Framingham, near the 
Sudbury line, and was called "a Sudbury out- 
dweller." He married Hannah, daughter of 
John Jr. and Hannah (Stonel Bent, born May 
6, 1661. Children, born in Framingham: Dea- 
con John, mentioned below : Daniel, born 1685 ; 
Hannah, February 14, 1687-88. 

( HI) Deacon John (3) Adams, son of John 
(2) Adams, was born in Framingham, March 
12. 1684. He lived on the homestead in Fram- 
ingham, and was chosen deacon in 1726. His 
will was made in 1743, and probated Decem- 
ber II, 1754. He married, June 27, 1706. Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Joseph Goddard, of Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts. She was living in 1767. 
Children, born in Framingham : Sarah, June 
27, 1707; Elizabeth, March 23, 1708-09; Han- 



nah, July 30, 1712; Deborah, July 27, 1714; 
Zerviah, March 17, 1717; Mary, March 5, 
1718-19; John, February 14, 1720-21; Joseph, 
August 12, 1723 (twin) ; Daniel (twin), men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Daniel, son of Deacon John (3) Adams, 
was born in Framingham, August 12, 1723, 
died in Barre, in 1809. In July, 1763, he sold 
the paternal estate in Framingham, and re- 
moved to Rutland, Massachusetts. He took 
his letter of dismissal from the church in 
Framingham to that in Rutland, January, 1765. 
He married, September 22, 1748, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Peter Balch. Children, the first 
six born in Framingham, the others in Barre, 
Massachusetts: Elizabeth, April 29, 1750, died 
May 16, 1750; Mary, June 20, 1751, died July 
8, 1751 ; Peter, September 20, 1753; Daniel, 
February 11, 1755; Luther, June-5, 1758; Na- 
than, April 17, 1760; Elizabeth (twin), May 
31, 1763, mentioned below ; John (twin). May 
31, 1763; John, October 10, 1765; Timothy, 
May 9, 1 77 1. 

(V) Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel Adams, 
was born in Barre, May 31, 1763, died there, 
March 14, 1840. She married, in Barre, No- 
vember 18, 1784, John Bacon, born August 
28, 1760, died September 12. 1828. Children: 
I. Daniel, born December. 1787; married Abi- 
gail Holland, April 29, 1813: their daughter, 
Elizabeth Adams Bacon, married Elmer Brooks 
Miles (see Miles VII). 2. Samuel, born 1788; 
married Nancy Harwood ; died December 24, 
1878. 3. Joel, born 1789; married Abigail 
Holden ; died April 4, 1830. 4. David, born 
December 6, 1793: married, October 15, 1817, 
Hannah Mason; died March. 1873. 5. Henry, 
married Julia Whiting. 6. Elisha, born 1797; 
married Martha Dennis; died August 15, 1836. 

7. Elizabeth, born 1800, died March 4, 1822. 

8. Polly, died at the age of nine. 

(The HoUand Line). 

(I) John Holland, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England. He settled in Dorchester, 
Massachusetts, and was admitted a freeman 
there. December 6, 1636. He was a mariner 
and ferryman. He made voyages to the east- 
ward, as Maine was called. He gave testi- 
mony in court in 1635 concerning Wonnerton. 
He owned the bark "Endeavor," and was a 
merchant as well as a mariner and ship owner. 
He held various town offices in Dorchester. 
His will was dated December 16, 165 1, as he 
was about to start on a voyage to Virginia, be- 
queathing to his wife half his estate, except 
the island of Munings Moone, which he gave 
to his eldest son John, in addition to a double 
share in the remainder of the estate ; the other 
half to be divided among his children. The 



NEW ENGLAND. 



641 



will was proved September 16, 1652. He mar- 
ried Judith , who married (second) 

George Kinwright. Children : Thomas ; John ; 
Nathaniel, mentioned below; Deliverance, bap- 
tized March 2, 1641 ; Prudence, baptized Alay 
25, 1645; Relief, baptized May 16, 1650. 

(II) Nathaniel, son of John Holland, was 
baptized in Dorchester, December 30, 1638. 
He was a freeman of Watertown in 1662. He 

married (first) Mary , (second) Sarah, 

probably daughter of Samuel Hosier. His 
estate was divided among his son John, daugh- 
ter Sarah Phillips, and John Ormes. Child of 
first wife: Joseph, born October 24, 1659. 
Children of second wife, born at Watertown: 
Sarah, November 3, 1662; Ruth, February 17, 
1666; Nathaniel, April 15, 1668; John, men- 
tioned below ; Elizabeth, June 18, 1676 ; Mary, 
October, 1678. 

(III) John (2), son of Nathaniel Holland, 
was born in Watertown, April 7, 1674. He 
settled in the adjoining town of Newton. He 
removed about 1720 to Marlboro, Massachu- 
setts. He married (first) Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Park. He married (second) Eliza- 
beth Angier, of Watertown. Children : John, 
born December 25, 1699 ; Joseph, January 19, 
1702; John, April 5, 1704; Elizabeth; Abigail, 
May 18, 1709; Jonas, mentioned below; Eph- 
raim, January 11, 171 1; Sarah, September 11, 
1716. Born at Marlboro: Samuel, mentioned 
below. 

(I\') Jonas, son of John (2) Holland, was 
born in Newton, May 12, 171 1. He went to 
Marlboro to live with his parents about 1720 
and settled there. He removed to Petersham, 
Massachusetts, before 1765, from the north 
precinct of Shrewsbury. He married (first) 
in Marlboro, November 23, 1733, Sarah Ban- 
nister, who died at Shrewsbury, March 25, 

1738. He married (second) Bathsheba , 

who died at Petersham, October 18, 1769, aged 
fifty-four years (gravestone). Child of first 
wife : Jonas, baptized at Shrewsbury church, 
of which his mother was a member. May 4, 
1735, died there February 28, 1756. Children 
by second wife: Ivory, born in Marlboro in 
1739; Park, born at Shrewsbury, August 7, 
1742, died September 13, 1745; Esther, March 
7, 1745; Park, April 15, 1748, died in 1750; 
Luther, mentioned below ; Park, November 19, 
1752. 

(IV) Samuel, son of John (2) Holland, and 
brother of Jonas Holland, was born in Marl- 
boro in 1721, died April 24, 1764, at Shrews- 
bury. He married. May 9, 1745, Sarah Hast- 
ings. His widow married, February 6, 1774, 
Samuel Richardson, of Newfane, Vermont. 
Children, born at Shrewsbury: Elizabeth, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1746; Abigail, March 13, 1750; Jonah, 



April 9, 1752; Sarah, January 16, 1754; Reu- 
ben, November 29, 1755; Joab, mentioned be- 
low; Jonah, December 17, 1759; Paul, April 
13, 1761 ; Mary, October 6, 1764. 

(\) Luther, son of Jonas Holland, was 
born in Shrewsbury, May 29, 1750, died at 
Petersham, June 5, 1821, aged seventy-one 
(gravestone). He was a private in the Peters- 
ham company on the Lexington Alarm, and 
lieutenant in Colonel Nathan Sparhawk's regi- 
ment. Captain Wing Spooner's company in 
1776-77. He married, at Petersham, Decem- 
ber 10, 1775, . Children, born 

at Petersham: Park, November 17, 1781 ; Har- 
rison, mentioned below. 

(V) Joab, son of Samuel Holland, was born 
in Shrewsbury, January 9, 1758, died in Barre, 
January 6, 1832, aged seventy- four (grave- 
stone). He was a soldier in the revolution, a 
private in Captain Joseph Thompson's com- 
pany (first), Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas 
Nixon's regiment (fourth) in 1776; also in 
Captain Wing Spooner"s company. Colonel 
Nathan Sparhawk's regiment from Petersham 
in 1777. His widow Abigail died at Barre, 
January i, 1838, aged seventy-seven. His 
daughter Abigail, born at Barre, August 11, 
1792, married Daniel Bacon, and their daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth Adams Bacon, married Elmer 
Brooks Miles (see Miles VII). 

(\'I) Harrison, son of Luther Holland, was 
born at Petersham, March 4, 1784. He was 
a mechanic and inventor. He lived at Peters- 
ham, Heath, South Hadley, Granby and North- 
ampton, Massachusetts. His son, Josiah Gil- 
bert Holland, was born at Belchertown, July 
24, 1819; he studied medicine at the Berkshire 
Medical College, graduating in 1844, and prac- 
ticed at Springfield with Dr. Charles Bailey a 
few years; in 1847 he started the Bay State 
Courier which lasted but six months ; taught 
school at Richmond, Virginia ; was superin- 
tendent of schools at Vicksburg, Mississippi; 
from 1850 to 1866 was on the editorial staff 
of the Springfield Republican: contributed 
poems to various magazines ; was a prominent 
lyceum lecturer : wrote a "History of Western 
Massachusetts": "Timothy Titcomb Papers"; 
"Bitter Sweet" and many volumes of fiction, 
poems and miscellany, becoming one of the 
leading .American authors of his day: he died 
October 12, 188 1. 



The surname French is one of 
FRENCH the oldest and most honorable 

in England. It is derived from 
the personal name Franci(e)s in English (Franc 
in France and Frank in Germany), and has 
been used as a surname in England since iioo. 
It was anglicized to Frensh, Frensche, Frensshe, 



64i 



NEW ENGLAND. 



etc., as early as 1300. Various branches of 
the English family of French bear coats-of- 
arms, and a book has been published on the 
English families in various counties with the 
armorials they bear. 

(I) John French, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, in 1612. He had land 
granted him at Wollaston (Braintree) for five 
heads, February 24, 1639-40. He was admitted 
to the church in the adjoining town of Dor- 
chester, January 27, 1642, and the births of 
his first two children are recorded there. He 
was admitted a freeman May 29, 1639. His 
first wife, Grace, whom he married in England, 
died, according to her gravestone, February 
28, 1 68 1, aged fifty-nine years. He married 
(second) July 8, 1683, Elinor, daughter of 
Rev. William Thompson, and widow of Wil- 
liam Veazey; she was born in 1626, and died 
April 2^, 171 1. He was prominent among the 
early settlers and active in town affairs. He 
died August 6, 1692. Division of the estate 
was made to his eldest son John, to Depend- 
ence, Thomas, Samuel, William (son of Will- 
iam, deceased) ; to Temperance, wife of John 
Bowditch : to Elizabeth Wheelock, of Mendon ; 
and the children of Mary Lamb, deceased. 
Children : John, born February 28, 1641 ; 
Thomas, July 10, 1643, died October 28, 1656. 
Born in Braintree : Dependence, mentioned be- 
low ; Temperance, March 30, 1651, died Au- 
gust 12, 1720; William, March 31, 1653; Eliz- 
abeth, September 29, 1656; Thomas, March 
10, 1657-58; Samuel, February 22, 1659-60, 
died October 13, 1718. 

(H) Dependence, son of John French, was 
born at Braintree, March 7, 1648. He mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Lieutenant Alexander 
and Mary (Belcher) March; (second) Re- 
becca Fenn. He deeded land April 3, 1717, to 
his sons John and Dependence, land at Brain- 
tree or Cochato, a half of his lot in the tenth 
division, first lot in the second division, ninth 
in the third division. He died October 12, 
1732, aged nearly eighty-five years. Child by 
first wife: Mary, born March 30, 1684. Chil- 
dren by second wife: John, mentioned below; 
Dependence, April 15, 1691 ; Rebecca, May 
13, 1694; David and Elizabeth, March 4, 1699. 

(HI) John (2), son of Dependence French, 
was born March 10, 1689, at Braintree, Massa- 
chusetts. He settled near the Cochato river, 
where his grandson Wales French afterward 
lived. He owned a mill, forge, saw and grist- 
mill, and was a noted trapper and hunter. He 
married, in 171 1, Mary, daughter of John Vin- 
ton, of Woburn and Maiden, Massachusetts. 
Children, born at Braintree : Mary, born about 
1713: John and Dependence, December 25, 
1714; Hannah, September 17, 1718; Elizabeth, 



January i, 1722; Abigail, December 6, 1725; 
Mehitable. October 14, 1727; Rebecca, June 
II, 1728; Abiathar, April 7, 1732; Joshua, 
mentioned below. 

(IV) Joshua, son of John (2) French, was 
born about 1736-40, in Braintree. He married 
Esther, daughter of Joseph Wales ; she was 
born November 7, 1738. Her father Joseph 
was born April 29, 1697, and married Hannah 
Allen, of Braintree. Nathaniel Wales, father 
of Joseph, and son of Nathaniel, was founder 
of the family in Braintree, settling there with 
his wife Joanna in 1675. Nathaniel was rul- 
ing elder of the church ; he died March 23, 
1718, and his wife May 11, 1704. Joshua 
French was a soldier in the revolution from 
Braintree, on the Lexington alarm, in Captain 
Seth Turner's company, Colonel Benjamin 
Lincoln's regiment ; also in the summer of 
1775 in Captain John Porter's company. Colo- 
nel Paul Dudley Sargent's regiment. His son 
Joshua was also a soldier in the revolution. 
His wife died December i, 1810, aged seventy- 
three, and he died September 11, 1791, aged, 
fifty-seven years. Children, born at Braintree: 
Esther, November i, 1756, married David Lin- 
field, March 26, 1774; Joshua, March 9, 1758, 
married February 21, 1782, Lucy Thayer; 
Prudence, March 29, 1759, married Simeon 
Curtis; Sarah, December 14, 1760, married 
Eleazer Beals ; John, mentioned below ; Han- 
nah, October 13, 1763, married Luther French ; 
Rachel, June 30, 1765, married Simeon Alden ; 
Charlotte, July 5, 1767, married Ezra Thayer 
and Silas Alden; Jedidiah, December 20, 1770, 
married Se]>tember 20, 1792, Phebe Wales; 
Mehitable, September 9, 1772, married Benja- 
min Linfield ; Elizabeth, September 10, 1779, 
married Theophilus Wentworth ; Wales, De- 
cember 10, 1782, married Mehitable Niles. 

(\') General John (3) French, son of 
Joshua French, was born at Braintree, now 
Randolph, Massachusetts, March 26, 1762. 
With others from Randolph, Massachusetts, 
he moved to Vermont. He married, about 
1783, Hannah Wales, also a descendant of 
Elder Nathaniel Wales. He settled in Ran- 
dolph, Vermont, Orange county, where he 
followed farming. 

(VI) Joseph Wales French, son of General 
John French, was born at Randolph, Massachu- 
setts, in 1783-90. He married, April 20, 1815, 
Mary (Polly) Converse, born July 9, 1788, 
daughter of Joseph Converse. He was a 
farmer at Randolph, Vermont, and died there. 
Afterward she removed to Chardon, Ohio, and 
died there June 17, 1870. Children : Mary, 
born February 16, 1816, married February 27, 
1835, Charles Foote, of Chardon, Ohio, mer- 
chant, sheriff, recorder and collector ; John, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



643 



born December i, 1817, died in Chardon, Octo- 
ber 20, 1 88 1, married Martha Smith; Warren 
Converse, mentioned below : Hannah W., born 
August 30, 1821, died August 28, 1823; Henry, 
born November 10, 1823, resided at Marys- 
ville, Cahfornia; Joseph Wales, February 24, 
1826, lived at Mansfield and Kirkland, New 
York, married Sarah Jane Clark ; Sophia Con- 
verse, born Alarch 8, 1828. 

( \'n ) Warren Converse French, son of Jo- 
seph W. F"rench, was born in Randolpht July 
8, 1819, and died in Woodstock, Vermont, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1901. The following obituary sketch 
is from the St. Albans (Vt.) Messenger of 
February 14. 1901 : 

The Hon, Warren Converse French, one of Wood- 
stock's leading citizens, and a lawyer well known 
throughout the state, died at his home early Satur- 
day morning, in the Sad year of his age. He has 
been gradually failing for several years on account 
of his age and was taken seriously ill about two 
weeks ago. He rallied again and the end came quite 
suddenly. 

Mr. French received his early education in the 
Orange county school. He studied law with Tracy 
& Converse at Woodstock, and was admitted to the 
Windsor county bar in 1844, beginning practice at 
Sharon. In 1857 he succeeded Judge Barrett in the 
firm of Converse & Barrett, of Woodstock, the part- 
nership continuing until 1865, when William E. John- 
son took Judge Barrett's place. This connection 
lasted until 1868, and then Mr. French continued in 
practice alone for some years. In 1879 he formed a 
partnership with his son-in-law, Frederick C. South- 
gate, this continued until about three years ago. 

Mr. French had been a strong Republican since 
the organization of the party. He was a member of 
the constitutional convention of 1859, the first state's 
attorney of Windsor county elected by the people 
under the amended constitution of 1850, and state 
senator in 1858-59. He represented Woodstock in 
1876, and was a delegate to the Republican national 
convention which nominated Hayes. He had always 
been an active pubHc-spirited man in whatever com- 
munity he lived and much respected for his strength 
of character. 

He married, in Sharon, Vermont, in 1849, 
Sarah Ann, daughter of Hon. William and 
Lydia ( Gleason ) Steele. Children: Mary So- 
phia, born July 6, 1850 ; Anna : I^ydia ; William 
Steele: John, mentioned below; Warren Con- 
verse. 

(\'ni) John French, son of Warren Con- 
verse P'rench, was born in Woodstock, \'er- 
mont, December 14, 1863. He attended the 
public schools of his native town and prepared 
for college at St. Johnsbury .\cademy, St. 
Johnsbury, \'ermont, entering Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1882, and graduating in the class of 
1886 with the degree of bachelor of arts. He 
afterward studietl law, graduating from the 
New York Law School in 1891, and since then 
has been in general practice in New York City. 
For a time he was clerk in the ofifice of Cary 
& Whitridge. In 1906 he became a partner in 



the law firm of Whitridge, Butler & Rice, with 
offices at 59 Wall street. He is a member of 
the New York Bar Association ; the Univer- 
sity Club ; the Union League Club of New 
York ; the .\rdsley Club at Ardsley-on-Hud- 
son ; the Lawyers' Club of New York ; the 
Dartmouth College Club and the Brick Pres- 
byterian Church of New York. In politics he 
is a Republican. 

He married, June 1, 1907, Mary Alontague 
Billings, who was born at Woodstock, Ver- 
mont, March 5, 1869, daughter of Frederick 
[jillings, of Woodstock, and Julia ( Parmley) 
P)illings, of New York. Children, John Jr., 
born in New York City, January 31, 1909; 
Mar\-, May 1, i<;io. 



The authorities tell us that the origin of the 
Converse family was in Navarre, France, from 
whence Roger de Coigniers emigrated to Eng- 
land near the end of the reign of William the 
Conqueror, and to whom the Bishop of Dur- 
ham gave the constableship of Durham. 

(T) Richard Convers, probably husband of 
the widow Margaret Convers, died intestate 
and was buried at Navestock, England, Octo- 
ber 21, 1542. Children: John (mentioned be- 
low ) , x\nnys, Richard. 

( II ) John, son of Margaret Convers, widow, 
had house and lands at Navestock, and lived 
at Stanford River; will dated August 6, 1574, 
and proved October 5, 1574. Children: Allen, 
mentioned below ; Thomas, baptized at Nave- 
stock, May 31, 1560; Anthony, baptized Octo- 
ber 18, 1562; John, baptized May 5, 1566. 

(III) Allen, son of John Convers, was of 
South Weald, Essex. His will was dated 
January 3, 1636, and proved June 28, 1639. 
He had a house and lands at Navestock, Stan- 
ford River, and Fy field. He married (first) 
Joanna, who was buried June 22, 1602. He 
married (second), November 28, 1603, Eliza- 
beth Palmer. Children of first wife, with bap- 
tismal dates : Allen, at Navestock, February 
2S, 1586; Edward, mentioned below; Andrew, 
November 30, 1591; Anna, June 20, 1599; 
Richard, named in father's will. Children of 
second wife: Susan, at South Weald, March 
18, 1603; Gabriel, March 24, 1604; Daniel, 
February 18, 1609; Hester, April 26, 1612. 

(IV) Deacon Edward Converse, son of 
.\llen Convers, was baptized at Navestock. 
county Essex, England, February 23, 1588. 
He was one of the select company of Puritans 
who came from England to this country in the 
fleet with Winthrop, whose ship, the "x\ra- 
bella," preceding the other vessels of the fleet, 
arrived at Salem June 12, 1630, after a stormy 
passage of sixty-three days. With him came 



644 



NEW ENGLAND. 



his wife Sarah, and children Josiah, James and 
Mary. They settled first at Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, and were among the first mem- 
bers of the church received on the Sunday fol- 
lowing its organization in Charlestown, July 
30, 1630, and which included in its congrega- 
tion members on both sides of the river, the 
majority of whom had removed to Boston 
within a few months. This was the First 
Church of Boston, and from it Edward and 
Sarah Converse and thirty-three other mem- 
bers were dismissed October 14, 1632, to be 
embodied at the First Church at Charlestown, 
entering into mutual covenant for this purpose 
November 2, 1632. He was admitted freeman 
May 18, 1631, among the first to be admitted to 
the company in New England. He established 
the first ferry between Charlestown and Bos- 
ton under the vote of the general court, No- 
vember 9, 1630, and June 14, 1631. was au- 
thorized to charge for ferriage "two pence for 
every single person, and one penny apiece if 
there be two or more." This lease was renew- 
ed November 9, 1637, for three years, Con- 
verse paying forty pounds a year for the privi- 
lege, and he held the lease until October 7, 
1640, when it was granted for the support of 
Harvard College. He was a juror September 
28, 1630: selectman from 1635 until his re- 
moval to the new town, Woburn, in the found- 
ing of which he was prominent. His name was 
at the head of seven commissioners appointed 
by Charlestown to establish the town and 
church at Woburn. He built the first house 
there, previous to January 4, 1641, which was 
at the mill once called by his name in the south 
village, now Winchester. He also built the 
first mill there, a corn mill He was chosen 
one of the first seven selectmen, April 13, 1644, 
and served until his death in 1663. On March 
3, 1649, he was one of the four selectmen ap- 
pointed to settle the disputed boundary line 
between Woburn and Charlestown ; from 1649 
to 1660 he was one of the commissioners for 
the trials of small causes; in 1660 he was 
deputy to the general court. He was one of 
the two deacons of the church until his death. 
He was tythingman at various times. His 
wife Sarah died January 14, 1661-62, and he 
married (second) September 9, 1662, Joanna, 
widow of Ralph Sprague, of Charlestown. She 
died February 24, 1679-80, and he died in 
Woburn August 10, 1663. His will was dated 
August. 1659, and proved October 7, 1663. 
His estate was valued at £827. Children, all 
born in England : Deacon Josiah, baptized at 
South Weald, October 30, 1618; Lieutenant 
James, of whom further; John, baptized at 
South Weald, November 29, 1620; Mary, born 



1622 ; Sarah, baptized at South Weald, June 2, 
1623; Sergeant Samuel. 

(V) Lieutenant James Converse, son of Ed- 
ward Converse, was born in England, in 1620, 
and came here in 1630 with his father. He re- 
moved from Charlestown to Woburn in 1641, 
where he died May 10, 1715. He was sergeant 
1658-72, ensign 1672-88, and lieutenant 1688- 
171 5. As lieutenant he served with the Woburn 
company in garrison in King Philip's war. He 
was a selectman of Woburn, a commissioner 
of the rate, and a leading manber of the 
church. He was deputy to the general court 
1679-83-84-85-86-89. His will was dated Au- 
gust 28, 1712. He married, October 24, 1643, 
Anna, daughter of Robert Long, of Charles- 
town. She died August 10. 1691, and he mar- 
ried (second) Anna, widow of Deacon John 
Cooper, of Cambridge, and daughter of Nathan- 
iel Sparhawke. Children by first wife, born in 
Woburn: Anna, born July 15, 1644, died Janu- 
ary 30, 1644-45 ; James, mentioned below ; 
Deborah, born July 25, 1647; Sarah, April 21, 
1649; Rebecca, May 15, 1651 ; Lydia, March 
8, 1653, died May 20, 1655 ; Edward, born 
February 27, 1654-55 ; Mary, December 29, 
1656: Abigail, October 13, 1658: Ruth, Febru- 
ary 12, 1660-61. 

(\'I) Major James Converse, son of Lieu- 
tenant James Converse, was born in Woburn, 
November 16, 1645, and died July 8, 1706. 
He was made freeman in 1671. He was select- 
man 1680-1688; town clerk 1688-91. and 1693 
to 1700. He was deputy to the general court 
1679-92, and speaker of the house 1699, 1702- 
03. He was in command of all the forces of 
Massachusetts in ]\Iaine. He married Janu- 
ary I, 1668-69, Hannah, daughter of Captain 
John Carter. She was born January 19, 1650. 
He died July 8, 1706. Children: James, born 
September 5, 1670; John, .\ugust 22, 1673; 
Elizabeth, April 23, 1675 ; Robert, December 
29, 1677; Hannah, June 12, 1680; Josiah, May 
24, 1683, died October 18, 1683; Josiah, men- 
tioned below; Patience, November 6, 1686; 
Ebenezer, December 16, 1688. 

(VH) Captain Josiah Converse, son of Major 
James Converse, was born in Woburn, Septem- 
ber 12, 1684, and died in Brookfield, 1771. He 
moved about 1727 to Leicester, and later to 
Brookfield. He married, at Woburn, Decem- 
ber 30, 1706, Hannah Sawyer, born Novem- 
ber 25, 1689, died June 18, 1747, in Brookfield, 
daughter of Joshua Sawyer, of Woburn. He 

married (second) Dorothy , who died 

May 27, 1750, and he married (third) No- 
vember 18, 1755, Mercy, widow of Captain 
Thomas Gilbert, of Samuel Barnes, and daugh- 
ter of Deacon Henry Gilbert. He was repre- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



645 



sentative to legislature from Brookfield, 1740- 
42-45-47-50. Children by first wife, born in 
Woburn: Hannah, October 25, 1707; Josiah, 
mentioned below; Patience, July 21, 1712; 
Ruth, July 28, 1 714; Dorothy, January 20, 
1716-17; Jesse, February 18, 1719-20; Jude, 
March 14, 1722-23; James, September 2, 1725; 
Sarah, in Leicester, November 5, 1729. 

(VIII) Lieutenant Josiah Converse, son of 
Captain Josiah Converse, was born in Woburn, 
March 2, 1710, and died in Stafford, Connecti- 
cut. September 11, 1775. He held offices as 
moderator, first selectman, town clerk, town 
treasurer, first assessor, representative, all in 
Leicester, where he married, December 27, 
1732, Eleanor Richardson, born in Woburn, 
1714, died August 6, 1785, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Richardson. Children, born in Lei- 
cester; Mary, July 12, 1 733; Eleanor, March 
21, 1735. Born in Stafford: Josiah, June 4, 
1737; Joshua, May 21, 1739; Dorothy, June 
II, 1741 ; Israel, August 7, 1743; Jesse, Sep- 
tember I, 1745; Nathaniel, May i, 1748; Jude, 
June II, 1750; Joseph, Hannah, Benjamin 
(triplets), April 22, 1752 (the boys died young, 
Hannah died aged nineteen) ; Joseph, men- 
tioned below. 

(IX) Joseph Converse, son of Lieutenant 
Josiah Converse, was born in StalTord, Decem- 
ber 28, 1754, and died in Randolph, Vermont, 
December 10, 1826. He was a farmer, and 
removed to Randolph in 1801. He married, 
February 27, 1777, Mary Johnson, born Feb- 
ruary 9, 1759, died May, 1842, daughter of 
Deacon Seth Johnson. He died- December 29, 
1804. Children, born in Stafford: Dorothy, 
January 29, 1778;- Hannah, September 19, 
1779; Lydia, December 12, 1781 ; Warren, 
June 19, 1786; Mary, July 9, 1788 (see 
French); Seth, July 21, 1790; Susan, 1792; 
Alfred, April 4, 1795; Julius, December 27, 
1798; Eleanor, June 6, 1800; Jude, July 21, 
1805. 



The surname Pollock is also 
POLLOCK spelled Polk, Pollok, Paulk, 
and branches of the family 
using all of these variations have been promi- 
nent in this country. The family is of Scotch 
origin, and was located in Renfrewshire, Scot- 
land, before A. D. 1200. In the famous "Rag- 
man's Roll" (the nickname of a famous Scotch 
record), we find the names of John Pollok, of 
Forfarshire, and Pieres de Pollok, of Lanark- 
shire. This was in 129 1. A branch of the 
family settled with the Scotch in L'lster prov- 
ince, north of Ireland, and descendants are 
numerous there at the present time. 

Arms of the family of Pollock, Belgray, 
county of Renfrew: Shield: Vert (green) a 
ii-10 



saltire (or St. Andrew's Cross) silver, between 
a bugle-horn, in each flank and another in base. 
Or (gold) stringed gu. (red) in chief a mullet 
(star) of the second, and over it, in the upper 
quarter the coat-of-arms of Scotland (Aug- 
mentation). Crest: A Boar passant (walking) 
transpierced with an arrow, proper, or natural 
color. Motto: Audacter, et strcnue, "Boldly, 
and zealously" (or earnestly). Saltire is the 
field, or charge, divided into four equal parts 
by two diagonal lines crossing each other. 

(I) The Rev. Thomas Pollock was minister 
at Ednam, the next parish to Kelso on the 
Tweed. He succeeded the Rev. James Thomp- 
son (father of the poet) with whom he was 
connected, as pastor of that parish. He mar- 
ried a Miss Mason, by whom he had three sons 
and five daughters, only three of whom arrived 
at maturity, viz.: i. Thomas, was a rector in 
the Church of England; married a Miss Charl- 
ton, daughter of a London banker, by whom 
he acquired a large fortune. They had two 
sons and si.x daughters. 2. Allan, was master 
of the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, 
England, the greater part of his life, and died 
in the possession of that office. 3. George, 
mentioned below. 

( II) George, third son of Rev. Thomas Pol- 
lock, was born in 1732. He settled in Paisley, 
Scotland, first as a silk manufacturer and 
bleacher. He afterwards held an office under 
the government as inspector of linen and manu- 
factured linen thread, cotton goods not being 
then in use. He continued these pursuits until 
his death in 1796. He married Rachel An- 
drews. They had seven children, only three 
of whom lived to grow up: i. Agnes, born at 
Paisley, Scotland, in 1757, died there April 3, 
1841 : she lived beloved and died lamented by 
all who knew her. 2. Thomas, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Allan, mentioned below. 

(III) Thomas (2), son of George and Rachel 
(Andrews) Pollock, was born at Paisley, Au- 
gust 12, 1 761. He filled a prominent position 
in the Royal Bank of Scotland at Glasgow. He 
visited the Lnited States in 1797, and after 
making nine trips across the Atlantic, he finally 
left Scotland and arrived in Boston in March, 
1803, after a voyage of twenty-eight days, 
bringing with him his second wife and three 
surviving children. He was actively engaged 
in mercantile pursuits until July, 181 7, and 
died in Florence, Alabama, December 20, 1827. 
Fie married (first) Betsey McKellar. a niece of 
Colonel Campbell, of Glendarnel in Argyle- 
shire. By her he had five children, two of 
whom died in infancy, and three grew to man- 
hood, viz.: I. George, mentioned below. 2. 
Neil, born at Paisley in June. 1794, died, un- 
married, at Nashville, Tennessee, July 29, 1829. 



646 



NEW ENGLAND. 



3. Thomas, born at Paisley, June 21, 1797, died 
at Lowell, Massachusetts, February 22, 1867; 
married but had no children. He married 
(second) Elizabeth Swan, of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. She died July 22, 1822, at Chilli- 
cothe, Ohio. Children: i. Elizabeth, born at 
Boston, 1803, died in infancy. 2. Henrietta 
Andrews, born in Boston, July 16, 1804; mar- 
ried Jacob Williams, of Nashville, Tennessee ; 
both of their children are deceased. 3. Allan, 
born in Boston, November 28. 1805 ; married, 
January 14, 1850, Susan E. Parry ; children : 
John Parry, Susan Catherine, William, Effie 
Bakewell. 4. Josiah, born in Newton, Septem- 
ber 4, 1807 : married, at Chillicothe, Ohio. Eliz- 
abeth Sutton ; children : George Swan, Maria 
Agnes, Mary Elizabeth, Henrietta Clarissa, 
Alicia Dickson, Harriet Andrews. 5. John, 
born at Newton, October 7, 1810; married. 
November i, 1832, Evelina C. Wasson, of 
Huntsville. Alabama ; children : Clarissa Agnes, 
Justinia Evelina, John Franklin, Henrietta 
Andrews, Ann Elizabeth, Letitia, Thomas 
Allan, Henry Clay, Charles Neil, George Wash- 
ington, Blanche Isabel, Ernest. 6. Agnes, born 
at Newton, September, 181 1; married, June 
14, 1842, John Briggs, of Tuscumbia. Alabama ; 
children : Robert Allan, Henrietta Elizabeth. 
John William. 7. Rebecca. 

(HI) Allan, youngest son of George and 
Rachel (Andrews) Pollock, was born at Pais- 
ley, Scotland, January 9, 1767. He came to 
the L^nited States in 1794. He arrived in New 
York, April 24, in the ship "Fanny" after a 
passage of forty-five days. He was an in- 
ventor and machinist, and possessed rare in- 
ventive faculties. He was employed in the 
mills of Lowell, Massachusetts, by the found- 
ers of that city, and installed the first calico 
printing machinery there. He afterwards en- 
gaged in the manufacture of thermometers 
and microscopes in New York City. A stove 
of his invention was in general use before the 
Pierpont stove was introduced. During one 
of his experiments, his eyesight was nearly 
destroyed by an explosion. His home for 
many years was in Boston at the corner of 
Boylston and Carver streets. He married 
Mary, daughter of Captain David Bradlee, 
wine merchant of Boston. He died August 21, 
1859, and his wife died May 12, 1832. Chil- 
dren: Sarah Bradlee, born May 23, 1797, died 
March 24, 1878: George Bradlee, June 2, 1799, 
died October 25, 1846; David, April 13. 1801, 
died September 10, 1853 ; Agnes Fletcher, De- 
cember 24, 1802, died December 16, 1819: An- 
drew, October 31, 1804, died September 17, 
1805; Andrew, mentioned below: Susan Em- 
mons, born at Vergennes. Vermont. October 
28, 181 1, died -April 20, 1891. 



(I\') George, eldest son of Thomas and 
Betsey (McKellar) Pollock, was born in Pais- 
ley, June 3, 1792. He was engaged in mercan- 
tile business all his life, and died at Lowell, 
Massachusetts, November 11, 1844. He mar- 
ried (first) Mary Ann Deverill, of Boston, 
who died March 25, 1819, aged twenty-three 
years. He married (second) Sarah Rich, and 
by her he had eleven children, eight of whom 
lived to grow up, viz. : Ann, Maria, George, 
Henry, Sarah, Agnes. Charles. Hannah Rich, 
Harriet Priscilla, W illiam Edward, Thomas 
Clark. 

(I\') Andrew, son of Allan and Mary 
( Bradlee) Pollock, was born in New York 
City, August 24, 1806, died at Paisley, Scot- 
land, April 16, 1845. He married Anna Mudge, 
of Long Island. They had one child, Andrew 
Fletcher, mentioned below. 

(V) Andrew Fletcher, son of Andrew Pol- 
lock, was born in New York City, May 2, 
1831, died at Boston, December 28, 1899. He 
was a newspaper correspondent. In 1865 he 
published "Everybody's Railroad Guide" in 
Boston. He married Mary, born 1833, daugh- 
ter of John Briesler, who was a grocer and 
prominent citizen of Quincy, formerly Brain- 
tree, Massachusetts : he died in 1877 at Quincy. 
John Briesler, father of John Briesler, was a 
soldier in the revolution, in Captain John Hall's 
company. Colonel Benjamin Lincoln's regi- 
ment, in 177s ; also in Captain Seth Turner's 
company in 1775-77; lie died in 1836. The 
Brieslers came from Breslau, Germany, and 
settled with other Germans in what was known 
as Germantown in Braintree, Massachusetts. 
Buckhardt Briesler, or "Briesner" as the name 
was sometimes spelled, was in the Braintree 
military company in 1757. George Briesler, 
believed to be the father of John Briesler Sr., 
married at Braintree, October 5, 1753, Eliza- 
beth Hardwig, of another German family. 
Elizabeth Briesler, sister of John Briesler Sr., 
married Joseph Arnold, born February 5, 1781, 
son of Joseph Neale and Mehitable (Adams) 
Arnold. Mehitable was daughter of Deacon 
Ebenezer Adams (5), granddaughter of Cap- 
tain Ebenezer Adams (4) ; brother of Presi- 
dent John Adams, who was also born in Brain- 
tree. " Children of Mr. and Mrs. Pollock : Allan 
Fletcher, born August 16, 1855 ; Walter Bries- 
ler, mentioned below ; James Boardman, Feb- 
ruary 18, 1858; Mary Helen, April 13, 1859, 
died August 19, 1859 ; Madeline Mudge, June 
5, i860; Mary Amy, August 21, 1861, died Oc- 
tober 17, 1861 ; Frederick Lincoln, March 2, 
1864; Andrew Alvarez, September 15. 1865, 
died September 30, 1865 ; Alice Chisholm 
Gibbs, December 15, 1867; Frank Seymour, 
June 19. 1869; Mabel Lewis, November 8, 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



647 



1870; Abbie Whitney, January 6, 1872, died 
July 9, 1872. 

( \'I ) Walter Briesler, son of Andrew Fletch- 
er Pollock, was born at Milton, Massachusetts, 
December 8, 1856. He began his career, No- 
vember 16, 1868, as office boy in the employ of 
the president of the Old Colony railroad, Bos- 
ton. In 1870 he entered the employ of the 
Providence & Worcester railroad at Provi- 
dence, and afterwards worked for the Boston 
& Albany Railroad Company at Springfield. 
In 1872 he was employed as a clerk in the 
accounting department of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company, in the general office at 
Philadelphia. In 1883 he was appointed trav- 
eling auditor of the West Shore railroad, and 
in 1887 auditor of freight accounts of the New 
York Central & Hudson River Railroad Com- 
pany. Since November, 1898, he has been 
manager of the marine department of the New 
York Central & Hudson River Railroad Com- 
pany. He is also vice-president and general 
manager of the Merchants" Despatch Trans- 
portation Company, an office to which he was 
elected in 1907, and since February, 1909, he 
has been vice-president of the Western Transit 
Company. He is a member of Kane Lodge, 
No. 454, Free and Accepted Masons, of New 
York: of Jerusalem Chapter, No. i, Royal 
Arch Masons, and of other Masonic bodies, 
having taken the thirty-second degree in Ma- 
sonry. He is also a member of the New York 
Athletic Club, the Columbia Yacht Club, the 
Whitehall Club, the New York Railroad Club, 
the Traffic Club of New York, the Buitalo 
Club of BufYalo. He attends All Angels' 
Protestant Episcopal Church of New York. 
He is a member of the New England and St. 
Andrew's Societies of New York. 

He married, June 22, 1882, Helen Batch- 
elder, born August 2, 1861, daughter of Will- 
iam S. Hutchinson, of Trenton, New Jersey. 
Thev had one son, Frank T., born July 8, 1883, 
died' March 5, 1888. 



The surname Bement is a short- 
BEMENT ened spelling of the French 

place name and surname, Beau- 
mont, though the family has been in England 
for many centuries. In the early records we 
find the name spelled Beman, Bemont, Bemond, 
Bemen and Beaman and these variations have 
continued to some extent to the present time. 
There were three pioneers of this name among 
the early settlers in New England, besides a 
family at Lancaster, Massachusetts. Symon 
Bement settled at Springfield, Massachusetts; 
John and William came in the same ship and 
were doubtless brothers. William Bement was 
born in England in 161 2 and came in the ship 



"Elizabeth" in 1635, locating at Salem, remov- 
ing to Saybrook and Lyme, Connecticut. In 
1643 he was at Scituate, Massachusetts. He 
died February 4, 1698-99. He married, De- 
cember 9, 1643, Lydia Danforth, who died in 
August, 1686. 

(I) John Bement, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England and came in the ship "Eliza- 
beth," sailing April 25, 1635, Captain William 
Stagg. He was then twenty-three years old. 
He settled first with his brother at Salem and 
was granted five acres of land there, March 
30, 1640. In August, 1643, his name appears 
on the list of men able to bear arms in Scituate, 
Massachusetts. With his son John he located 
early at Enfield, Massachusetts, now in Con- 
necticut. In 1680 they had adjoining lots at 
Enfield. John Bement Sr. had a home lot 
"twelve rods in breadth and length from the 
street on the east back west one hundred and 
sixty rods to Great River." John Jr. has "160 
rods from the street on the east back west to 
the Great River" (p. 86, Enfield records). The 
lands held by John Sr. and John Jr. were con- 
firmed, October 5, 1684 (pp. 96-98). In a list 
of the lands dated April 10, 1683, John Sr. 
had six acres of meadow and eight of field, 
and John Jr. had lands "northward of his 
father." This proves that John Bement, gen- 
erally called the first settler of Enfield, was 
son of John Sr.. who died in 1684 < P- I05)- 
Another record shows that John Sr. was grant- 
ed twelve acres for a home lot, thirty-six for 
fields, four for meadow, July 24, 1682, and at 
the same time John Jr. (to his son John Jr.) 
house lot of twelve acres, twenty field and two 
meadow (p. 132). In a list of lands (p. 684) 
John Sr.'s lands were owned then by William 
and Edmund, and John Jr., as he was then 
described, had forty-eight acres. May 12, 1712. 
John Bement Sr. died in 1684-85. His inven- 
tory was dated January 25, 1684, and filed 
September 29, 1685, amounting to fifty-three 
pounds. His widow Martha was administra- 
trix. 

(II) John (2), son of John (ij Bement, 
was born about 1640, died September i, 1703. 
He settled before 1680 in Enfield with his 
father. His administratrix was his widow 
Abigail and his estate was insolvent. The in- 
ventory was dated September 4, 1704. Chil- 
dren : I. John, lived in Enfield ; married 

: children: Benjamin, born September 

14. 1695: Mindwell, February 22, iSgd-gj ; 
Abigail, Mzy 13, 1700: John. March 23, 1701- 
02. 2. William, mentioned below. 3. Edmund, 
married (first) in 1700, Prudence Morgan; 
(second) Priscilla \\'arner. 

(III) William, son of John (2) Bement, 
was born Etecember 20, 1676, died January 13, 



648 



NEW ENGLAND. 



1729. He had a large estate at Enfield. He 
married, March 3, 1707, Hannah, born at En- 
field, November 18, 1684, daughter of Captain 
Samuel Terry and his wife, Hannah (Morgan) 
Terry, who was a daughter of Captain Miles 
Morgan and wife, Prudence (Gilbert) Mor- 
gan. Children : William, mentioned below ; 
John, born February 17, 1710-11; Hannah, 
April II, 1713; Sarah, March 6, 1717-18; Sam- 
uel, 1720; Ebenezer, January 24, 1722; Joseph, 
1725. The estate of William was administered 
by widow Hannah and son William. The chil- 
dren mentioned were William, Samuel, Eben- 
ezer, Joseph, Hannah and Sarah. Samuel and 
Joseph, under fourteen years of age, had guar- 
dians appointed September 2, 1734. 

(IV) William (2), son of William (i) Be- 
ment, was born at Enfield, December 28, 1708, 
died at Stockbridge, Alassachusetts, February 
16, 1798. Before 1732 he had removed to 
Windham, Connecticut. He was described as 
"of Windham, late of this town," when he 
married at Enfield, January 13, 1732-33, Phebe, 
daughter of Daniel Markham. He removed to 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, April 29, 1749, and 
to Salisbury, Connecticut, in 1763. He bought 
land in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, of the In- 
dian proprietors. Daniel Markham, his wife's 
father, was of Middletown, Connecticut ; mar- 
ried Deborah, daughter of Captain Isaac 
Meacham, of Enfield. Children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Bement, recorded at Wethersfield : Phebe, 
born January 22, 1733-34; Penelope, October 
II, 1735; William, August 21, 1737; Asa, Feb- 
ruary 4, 1738-39; Ebenezer, mentioned below; 
Samuel, December 25, 1742; Hannah, October 

25, 1744, died 1746; Edith, September 14, 
1746; Edith, April 26, 1748; Sarah, June 10, 
1750; Chloe, May 7, 1752; Freelove, March 

26, 1754; Rebecca, November 18, 1755, died in 
1757; Rebecca, September 11, 1757. 

(V) Major Ebenezer Bement, son of Will- 
iam (2) Bement, was born at Windham, Janu- 
ary 3, 1740-41. He settled in Great Barring- 
ton, Massachusetts. He was a prominent 
patriot, adjutant in Colonel John Fellows' 
regiment of militia at the time of the Lexing- 
ton Alarm and served for some months after 
April 21, 1775. He was an officer in Colonel 
Mark Hopkins' regiment of Berkshire county, 
July 15, 1776. He was brigade major in Gen- 
eral Patterson's regiment in the continental 
army, 1777-79 (Mass. Soldiers and Sailors in 
the Revolution, vol. i., p. 922). He was an inn- 
holder and keeper of the county prison at 
Great Barrington. He also served from Con- 
necticut in the revolution, enlisting May 26, 
1777, for three years in Captain Albert Chap- 
man's Seventh Connecticut. He married (first) 
at Salisbury, in 1765, Martha, born April 14, 



1747, daughter of Jabez and Bertha (Wood) 
Bingham. He married (second) Susanna 
. Children of first wife: Samuel, men- 
tioned below ; and six others. Children of 
second wife, born at Great Barrington : Orinda, 
March 3, 1780; Hiram, March i, 1782. 

(VI) Samuel, son of Major Ebenezer Be- 
ment, was born February 7 or 9, 1768. He 
lived at Salisbury, Connecticut, Great Barring- 
ton, Massachusetts, and Tunbridge, Vermont. 
In 1816 he removed to Bradford, New Hamp- 
shire, where he died March 31, 1837. He 
married, at Great Barrington, June 4, 1793, 
Lucy, born November 2, 1774, daughter of 
Captain Phineas and Phebe (Bement) Barnes, 
granddaughter of William and Phebe Bement. 
They were cousins. She died at Bradford, 
New Hampshire, December 8, 1834. Children : 
I. Hiram, born July 24, 1796; married Sarah 

. 2. Salona, January 11, 1799; married 

Stephen Hoyt. 3. Percy, January 12, 1801 ; 
married Ebenezer Colry. 4. Phebe, February 
2-/, 1804; married Cyrus Cressey. 5. Paulina, 
July 13, 1806; married Jonathan Cheney. 6. 
Amanda B., November 14, 1808. 7. Harrison 

B., September 5, 1813; married Hannah . 

8. Levina A., May 10, 1817; married Stephen 
iMassey. 9. William, mentioned below. 10. 
Julia B., August 8, 1819; married Amos Wood- 
ward. 

(VII) William Barnes, son of Samuel Bem- 
ent, was born at Bradford, New Hampshire, 
May 10, 1817, died August 6, 1897. He was 
the founder and head of the Bement-Miles 
Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He 
married, January 26, 1840, at Philadelphia, 
Emily, born at Royalton, Vermont, daughter 
of Thomas Baldwin and Esther (Lyman) Rus- 
sell. She was born September 3, 1819, died 
November 16, 1894. Thomas Baldwin Russell 
was a son of Thomas and Hannah B. (Bald- 
win) Russell, of Mansfield and Canaan, Con- 
necticut. Thomas Baldwin Russell married, at 
Royalton, November 11, 1810, Esther, daugh- 
ter of Asa and Submit (Mitchell) Lyman (see 
Lyman and Baldwin). Thomas Baldwin Rus- 
sell was the only son of Rev. Thomas and 
Hannah (Baldwin) Russell, and was born at 
Westhampton, Long Island, February 14, 
1789. Rev. Thomas Russell was the first set- 
tled minister of the town of Bethel, Vermont, 
a talented and brilliant clergyman ; died in 
Cleveland, Ohio, in 1822. Children of Will- 
iam Barnes Bement: i. Emily Jane, born at 
Manchester. New Hampshire, January 31, 
1841, died at Mishawaka, Indiana, January 20, 
1845. 2. Clarence Sweet, mentioned below. 
3. Charles Russell, born at Mishawaka, De- 
cember 6, 1844, died at Lowell, Massachusetts, 
August 23, 1849. 4- George Walter, born at 




'{.0/.^r^^u%(Zj^ oy, /<ij.lyyyveyyv^. 



NEW ENGr.AXD. 



649 



Lowell, July 2, 1848, died there March 29, 
1849. 5. Mary Ella, born at Philadelphia, De- 
cember 10, 1851 ; married, January i, 1872, 
Waldo Milton Claflin, born May 20, 1845, son 
of James R. and Hannah (Farrington) Claf- 
lin, of Milford. Massachusetts : children : Will- 
iam Bement Claflin, born November 2, 1872; 
Emily Russell Claflin, September 13, 1876; 
Leander Chapin Claflin, August 27, 1878; 
Clarence Baldwin Claflin, July 21, 1884. 6. 
William Parker, born February 12, 1854; mar- 
ried, November 24, 1880, Caroline Van Bail, 
born November 23, 1856, daughter of Henry 
and Margaret (Perry) Van Bail; children: 
Marguerite, born in Philadelphia, October 31, 
1881 ; Russell, February 12, 1884: Eleanore, at 
Philadelphia, August 23, 1886. Margaret Perry 
was a descendant of the Rhode Island family 
to which Commodore Perry belonged. 7. 
Frank, born November i, i860: married, April 
26, 1883, Grace, daughter of Merrill Augustus 
and Caroline Furbush ; children : Raymond 
Furbush, born September 2, 1886, died at Phil- 
adelphia, in Januarv, 1887: Florence, born 
April ID, 188—. 

(Vni) Clarence Sweet, son of William 
Barnes Bement, was born April 11, 1834. He 
was educated in the public schools of Lowell, 
Massachusetts, and of Philadelphia, whither 
he came with his parents when he was eight 
years old. He and brothers became associated 
with their father in the great manufacturing 
concern of Bement-Miles & Company of Phil- 
adelphia, manufacturers of machine tools, hy- 
draulic machinery, etc. After a successful 
career in business he retired. He is a member 
of the Colonial Society of Philadelphia, of the 
Sons of the Revolution, and of a number of 
clubs, including the American Philosophical 
Society. He married, December 29, 1871, 
Martha Shreve, born at Philadelphia, Decem- 
ber 19, 1853, died March 22, 1907, daughter of 
Jacob Ellwood and Sarah (Shreve) Ridgway. 
Children: i. Emily Ridgway, born November 
4, 1872, died at Columbus, New Jersey, July 
26, 1873. 2. Bertha, August 28, 1874; married, 
April 23, 1902, James Clark Moore, of Phila- 
delphia; child, Marion Elizabeth Moore, born 
February 25, 1907. 3. Joseph Leidy, March 
4, 1879, died March 17, 1879. 4. Anna, born 
June 23, 1880; married, March 10, 1906, Al- 
bert Ludlow Kramer, of Philadelphia and New 
York, member of the banking firm of H. F. 
Bachman & Company, 55 Wall street, New 
York City ; children : Albert L. Jr., born March 
24, 1907 ; Martha Leighton, born October 4, 
1911. 

(The Baldwin Line). 

(I) Henry Baldwin, immigrant ancestor, 
came very likely from Devonshire, England, 



and was one of the first settlers in Woburn, in 
that part now known as North Woburn. Li 
1661 he built here "'the palatial house which 
is still one of the most irnposing in the town, 
and which, though with some changes and 
occasional improvement," has been owned and 
occupied by descendants for six generations, 
and is now the oldest dwelling in Woburn. In 
1820 the house looked practically as it looks 
now. The north chimney, put up by George R. 
Baldwin, was said to be the first "single flue" 
chimney in the county. He designed the chim- 
ney caps and built a small addition on the 
rear of the house. On the south, between the 
house and the canal, was formerly a beautiful 
garden with walks and trees, but all traces of 
it have disappeared. Henry Baldwin was a 
sergeant of the Woburn militia from 1672 until 
1685, and deacon of the First Church at Wo- 
burn from 1686 until his death. He died Feb- 
ruary 14, 1697-98. He married, November i, 

1649, Phebe, baptized in Boston, June 3, 1632, 
died September 13, 1716, eldest daughter of 
Ezekiel and Susanna Richardson. In his will, 
proved April 4, 1698, he mentioned his wife 
Phebe, sons Henry, Daniel, Timothy and Ben- 
jamin, Israel Walker, husband of his daughter 
Susanna, and his grandson, Israel Walker, 
Samuel Richardson, husband of his daughter 
Phebe, and grandson, Zachariah Richardson, 
and his two daughters, Abigail and Ruth Bald- 
win. Children : Susanna, born August 30, 

1650, died September 28, 1651 ; Susanna, July 
25^ i6s2; Phebe, September 7, 1654: John, 
dctobeV 28, 1656; Daniel, March 15, 1658-59; 
Timothy, May 27, 1661 ; Mary, July 19, 1663, 
died January 8, 1664; Henry, Novernber 15, 
1664;" Abigail, August 30, 1667: Ruth, July 31, 
1670; Benjamin, mentioned below. 

(II) Benjamin, son of Henry Baldwin, was 
born January 20, 1672-73, in Woburn, Massa- 
chusetts. He settled in Canterbury, Connecti- 
cut, about 1700, and died there in 1759. He 

married Hannah . Children : John, born 

May, 1697; Benjamin, about 1700; Daniel, 
mentioned below; Ebenezer, 1707, said to have 
died young; Timothy, 1709; Patience, 1711; 
Henry, 1713; Hannah, 1715, died young. 

(III) Daniel, son of Benjamin Baldwin, 
was born in 1705, at Canterbury, Connecticut. 
He lived in Norwich and Mansfield, Connecti- 
cut. He married (first) Hannah , 

(second) in 1743, Hannah Lyman. At that 
time he was of Norwich. Children by first 
wife: Daniel, born November 14, 1731 : Han- 
nah, June 2, 1733; Ebenezer, mentioned be- 
low; Deborah, June 5, 1737; Philip, December 
2, 1739. Children by second wife: Samuel, 
May "14, 1745; Asa, April 14, 1747; Sarah, 
1752. 



650 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(IV) Ebenezer, son of Daniel Baldwin, was 
born at Norwich, October 24, 1734. He mar- 
ried, November 12, 1761, Ruth Swift. Chil- 
dren: Ruth, born August 21, 1762; Elizabeth, 
December 3, 1763; Ruth. July i, 1765: Han- 
nah, June 6, 1767, married Rev. Thomas Rus- 
sell, and had one son, Thomas Baldwin Rus- 
sell, who married Esther, daughter of Asa 
Lyman (see Lyman VH) ; Ebenezer, Novem- 
ber 9, 1769 ; John, April 5, 1772 ; Jerusha, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1776; Polly, June 17, 1778: Samuel, 
August 7, 1780: Eliezer, August 2. 1782; 
Thomas. 

(The Lyman Line). 

(I) Richard Lyman, immigrant ancestor, 
was descended from Alfred the Great, king of 
England. He was born at High Ongar, county 
Essex, England, and in August, 1631, em- 
barked with his wife and five children in the 
ship "Lyon," sailing from Bristol, and landing 
at I?oston. He settled first in Charlestown and 
with his wife united wath the church of which 
Eliot was pastor. He was made freeman, 
June II, 1635. He was one of the first settlers 
of Hartford, Connecticut, and an original pro- 
prietor in 1636. His will was dated April 22, 
1640. and proved January 27, 1642, together 
with that of his wife who died soon after he 
died, in 1640. He married Sarah, daughter of 
Roger Osborne, of Halstead, Kent, England. 
Children: William, buried at High Ongar, 
August 28. 1615: Phillip, baptized September 
12, 161 1 : Richard, baptized July 18, 1613, died 
young; William, baptized September 8, 1616: 
Richard, mentioned below ; Sarah, baptized 
February 6, 1620; Anne, baptized April 12, 
1621, died young; John, baptized 1623 ; Robert, 
born September, 1629. 

(H) Richard (2), son of Richard (i) 
Lyman, was baptized at High Ongar, February 
24, 161 7, died June 3, 1662. He and his two 
brothers, John and Robert, were taxed in 1655 
in Hartford for a rate assessed to build" a 
mill. They probably moved the same year to 
Northampton, where in December, 1655, Rich- 
ard was chosen one of the selectmen. He sold 
his father's homestead in Hartford in 1660. 
He married there Hepsibah, daughter of 
Thomas Ford, of Windsor. She married 
(second) John Marsh, of Hadley. Children: 
Hepsibah ; Sarah ; Richard, mentioned below ; 
Thomas, born 1647 ; Eliza ; John ; Joanna, 
1658; Hannah, 1660. 

(HI) Richard (3), son of Richard (2) 
Lyman, was born at Windsor, Connecticut, in 
1647. He lived at Northampton until 1696, 
when he moved to Lebanon, Connecticut, 
where his descendants have lived to the present 
time. He was one of the original proprietors 
of the Five Mile Purchase in Lebanon, and 



was there at the beginning of the settlement. 
His house was in the "Crank," now the town 
of Columbia, and he died there November 4, 
1708. He married Elizabeth Coles. Children, 
born at Northampton : Samuel, mentioned be- 
low ; Richard, April, 1678; John, July 6, 1680; 
Isaac, February 20, 1682 ; Lieutenant Jonathan, 
January i, 1684; Elizabeth, March 25, 1685; 
David. November 28, 1688; Josiah. February 
6, 1690 ; Anne, born at Lebanon. 

(IV) Samuel, son of Richard (3) Lyman, 
was born April 16. 1676. He married. May 9, 
1699, Elizabeth Fowler, who died February 

21, 1742-43. Children, born at Lebanon: Sam- 
uel. May 22. 1700; Jabez. mentioned below; 
Daniel. February 18. 1704-05; Hannah. June 
27. 1707; child, died young. 

(V) Jabez. son of Samuel Lyman, was born 
October 10. 1702, at Lebanon, and settled there. 
He married, January 29, 1730, Martha Bliss. 
Children, born at Lebanon: Jabez, March 21, 
1731 ; Ezekiel, mentioned below; Martha. No- 
vember 15. 1735; Israel. November 24. 1737; 
Lucy. December 19. 1739; Elisha. September 

22. 1742; Elizabeth. October 11. 1745; Martha, 
twin of Elizabeth ; Jerusha, December 4, 1747; 
Eunice. May 6, 1752. 

(VI) Ezekiel. son of Jabez Lyman, was 
born October 23, 1733. He lived at Canter- 
bury. Connecticut, whence he moved to Royal- 
ton. Vermont, about 1782. and died there at 
a great age. He married. February 10. 1757, 
Elizabeth Bliss, of Lebanon. Children : Ezekiel, 
born August 18. 1760: Daniel; Samuel. 1764; 
Sally ; Asa. mentioned below ; William ; Betsey ; 
Eliphalet; Jabez. 

(VII) Asa. son of Ezekiel Lyman, was 
born in Canterbury, Connecticut. He settled 
in \\'est Turin. New York. He married Sub- 
mit Mitchell. One daughter married David 
Higby, of High Market. Lewis county. New 
York. Esther, another daughter, married. No- 
vember II, 1810, Thomas Baldwin Russell; 
Emily Russell, their daughter, married William 
Barnes Bement (see Bement VII). 



Robert Waterman, immi- 
WATERMAN grant ancestor, came from 

Norwich, England. He was 
one of three brothers, the others being Richard 
and Thomas; Richard went to Rhode Island, 
Thomas to Roxbury, Massachusetts, and Rob- 
ert in 1636 settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
removing there from Salem. He later settled 
in Marshfield, Massachusetts, near Green's 
harbor in the vicinity of the place now known 
as the Daniel Webster. Here he resided the 
remainder of his life and became a prominent 
man in the town. He served as selectman and 
as deputy to the legislature from 1644 to 1649. 



XEW EXGLAXD. 



651 



He died December 12, 1652. He married, 
December 11, 1638, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas and Ehzabeth Bourne, of Plymouth. 
In the list of children Elizabeth is given, as 
her name was mentioned in the will of John, 
son of Robert, when he bequeathed to Eliza- 
beth Rider, "daughter of my sister Elizabeth." 
Children : John, mentioned below ; Joseph, born 
1643; Thomas, 1644: Robert, 1652; Elizabeth. 
(H) Ensign or Deacon John Waterman, 
son of Robert Waterman, was born in ;\Iarsh- 
field, Alassachusetts, April ig, 1642, died Sep- 
tember 14, 1718. He lived in Marshfield for 
a time after his marriage, and between 1685 
and 1692 he moved with his family to War- 
wick, Rhode Island. He married, December 

7, 1665, Ann, born June 4, 1648, died Febru- 
ary 9, 1719, daughter of Samuel and Ann 
Sturtevant, of Plymouth. Children, born in 
Marshfield: Samuel, October 16, 1666: Eliza- 
beth, January 15, 1669; Anna, October 18, 
1671 ; Lydia, May 9, 1676; Robert, February 
9, 1681 ; John, mentioned below. Born in 
Warwick: Elizabeth, April 18, 1692; Mercy, 
June 27, 1694; Annie, May 20, 1696: John, 
February 5, 1698: Benoni, May 25, 1701 ; Re- 
solved, October 13, 1703. 

(Ill) Captain John (2) Waterman, son of 
Ensign or Deacon John ( i ) Waterman, was 
born in Marshfield, September 23, 1685. He 
seems to have lived for a time in Plympton, 
Massachusetts, and finally settled at Halifax, 
Massachusetts, where he died June 8, 1761. 
He married, December 19, 1708, Lydia, born 
December 13, 1687, daughter of Eleazer and 
Elizabeth (Coombs) Cushman. of Plymouth. 
Children, born at Plympton : Sarah, November 

8, 1709; Joseph, February 10, 171 1: Perez, 
October 8, 1713; Anthony, June 26, 1716. 
Born at Halifax : John, mentioned below ; Elea- 
zar, August 3, 1721 ; Lydia, April 7, 1724. 

(I\') Lieutenant John (3) Waterman, son 
of Captain John (2) Waterman, was born July 
3, 1718. died April 26. 1790. He served in the 
revolution. He married, at Halifax. October 
2, 1743, Fear, born at Halifax, April 5, 1720, 
died there January i", 1790, daughter of Will- 
iam and Fear (Cushman) Sturtevant. Chil- 
dren, born at Halifax: Betty, September 17, 
1744: John, June 29, 1747, died young; John, 
June 13, 1749: William, 1750: Isaac, January 
15' I755- died young; Isaac, mentioned below ; 
Fear, September 25, 1758. 

(V) Isaac, son of Lieutenant John (3) 
Waterman, was born at Halifax, Alassachu- 
setts, November 23, 1756 (town records), died 
there June 23, 181 3. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, a private in Captain John Brad- 
ford's company. Colonel Theophilus Cotton's 
regiment, on the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 



1775. This company was from Halifax and 
Plympton. He was also of Lieutenant Judah 
Wood's company. Colonel Thomas Lothrop's 
regiment, on the Rhode Island Alarm, Decem- 
ber 9, 1776. He married, in Pembroke, Massa- 
chusetts, September 21, 1781, Lucy Sampson, 
born at Halifax, March 6. 1761, died at Pem- 
broke, September 4, 1844. Children, born at 
Halifax: Phebe, March 4, 1783; Isaac, men- 
tioned below; Joseph Sampson, July 7, 1785; 
Lucy, November 6, 1788. 

(VI) Isaac (2), son of Isaac (i) Water- 
man, was born at Halifax, February 13, 1784, 
died at Roxbury, Massachusetts, July 17, 1859. 
He was educated in the district schools, and 
learned the trade of dyer. He married, at 
Halifax, April 2, 1823, Lucy Sturtevant, born 
at Plympton, Massachusetts, April 8, 1790, 
died at Halifax, November 15, 1891, six months 
more than a hundred years old. Children : De- 
pendence, Isaac, Joseph Sampson, mentioned 
below. 

(\TI) Joseph Sampson, son of Isaac (2) 
Waterman, was born on Staten Island, New 
York, January 23, 1830, died February 2, 1893. 
He was educated in the public schools. During 
most of his active life he was an undertaker in 
Roxbury and Boston, Massachusetts. In relig- 
ion he was a Baptist ; in politics a Republican. 
He married, at Roxbury, September 15, 1853, 
Sarah Patten Huse, born at North Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, December 23, 1827, daughter 
of William and Mary B. (Short) Huse. Her 
father was a native of Sanbornton, New 
Hampshire, and her mother of Newburyport, 
Massachusetts. Her father was a cabinet- 
maker by trade. She had a sister Caroline and 
two brothers, Washington and Warren G. 
Huse. She died July 2, 1910. Children : 
George Huse, born June 27, 1855 ; Ella Jane, 
June 24. 1859: Frank Sturtevant, mentioned 
below. 

(Vni) Frank Sturtevant, son of Joseph 
Sampson Waterman, was born in Roxbury 
district, Boston, Massachusetts, September 18, 
1862. He attended the public schools and 
graduated from the Washington grammar 
school and the Dudley grammar school, and 
also from Bryant & Stratton Commercial 
School, Boston. He succeeded to his father's 
business and has been an undertaker at the 
same location at which his father began in 
April, 1863, to the present time. His residence 
and office is at 2326 Washington street, Boston, 
where he has lived since he was nine months 
old. Fie is a member of the Boston chamber 
of commerce. He is well known in various 
fraternal societies of Roxbury. He is a mem- 
ber of Washington Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Alasons, and a trustee of that lodge: mem- 



6s 2 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ber of Mount Vernon Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; of Roxbury Council, Royal and Select 
Masters; of Joseph Warren Commandery, 
Knights Templar ; of Massachusetts Consis- 
tory, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite; 
Aleppo Temple, Mystic Shrine ; Massachusetts 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias ; Warren Lodge, 
Odd Fellows ; the Boston City Club ; charter 
member of the Dudley Club. He is a member 
of the Dudley Street Baptist Church of Rox- 
bury and of the Boston Baptist Social Union. 

Mr. Waterman served in the state militia 
when a young man, in Company D, First Regi- 
ment, for five years, being sergeant from 1887 
to 1889. Since 1896 he has been a member of 
the famous Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company of Boston. He is also an associate 
member of Post No. 26, Grand Army of the 
Republic, and of Roxbury Horse Guards. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

He married, September 10, 1888, at Deer 
Isle, Maine, Hattie Smith, born May i, 1866, 
at Deer Isle, daughter of Francis Haskell and 
Hannah- (Eaton) Torrey. Her father was a 
master mariner. Children, born in Boston: i. 
Frank Sturtevant, September 12, 1889; gradu- 
ate of the Lewis grammar school, Roxbury ; 
the English high school, Boston, and Phillips 
Academy, Andover, Massachusetts ; now asso- 
ciated in business with his father. 2. Lucy, 
August 12, 1891 ; graduate of the Lewis gram- 
mar school. Commonwealth avenue school, and 
Bradford Academy. 



(IV) Gershom Bunnell, son 
BUNNELL of Benjamin (2) Bunnell (q. 
v), was born in New Haven, 
May I, 1707, died July 8, 1758, in New Haven. 
He married, in 1728. Margaret Johnson, and 
they had thirteen children, among whom was 
Joseph, mentioned below. 

(V) Joseph, fifth child of Gershom Bun- 
nell, was born December 13. 1733, at Stratford, 
died May 12, 1807, at East Cornwall, Connecti- 
cut, where his grave is marked by a stone, the 
first marble headstone erected in the East 
Cornwall cemetery. He married, in 1767, 
Abiah, born July 7, 1742, died May 7, 1835, 
aged ninety-three years, daughter of Roger 
and Martha Kirby, of Litchfield, Connecticut. 
Roger Kirby died June 12, 1793, aged ninety- 
five years, while visiting his daughter, Mrs. 
Joseph Bunnell, in Milton Society, or the 
southeast part of Cornwall, and he was buried 
in Milton. Mrs. Joseph Bunnell died in the 
same house. Joseph Bunnell was a soldier in 
the French and Indian war from Connecticut, 
and also in the revolution (see "Revolutionary 
Soldiers in Connecticut"). He was private in 
the Third Company, Eighth Connecticut Reg- 



iment, Colonel Huntington, enlisting July 9, 
1775, and was discharged December 18, 1775. 
He was also in Captain Hooker's company. 
Colonel Erastus Wolcott's regiment, marching 
to Boston in January, 1776, and served six 
weeks. He was also in Captain Sloper's com- 
pany. Major Sheldon's Regiment of Light 
Horse, and accompanied Washington in his 
retreat across New Jersey in December, 1776. 
He served again in Captain Charles Smith's 
company, as hired by the town of Danbury, 
Connecticut, in 1777, for coast defence. Abiah 
(Kirby) Bunnell proved herself quite as pat- 
riotic as her husband. With other noble women 
of Litchfield, Connecticut, she took part in 
melting the leaden statue of George III., 
which was brought to Litchfield from New 
York, a well-known historical incident. At 
one time when her husband was away with 
his company and an Indian attack was feared 
she carried her young children to a nearby 
field of rye where they spent the night and 
succeeding nights for some time. 

(VI) James, son of Joseph Bunnell, was 
born in Danbury, Connecticut, December 12, 
1768, died in Bridgewater, Pennsylvania, Au- 
gust 5, 1 841. He was a blacksmith by trade. 
In his later years he came to Bridgewater and 
lived with his son Elijah, at whose home he 
died. His grave on his son's homestead is 
now suitably marked with a stone. He mar- 
ried, in 1797,' Azuba Carter, born in 1768, 
died at South East Bridgewater, Susquehanna 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1816. Children: i. 
Ephraim Kirby, born 1798, died 1881. at 
Bridgewater. 2. Avis, born in 1800, died in 
1882 ; married Daniel Landon and lived at 
Hornellsville, New York. 3. Elijah, men- 
tioned below. 4. Lucy, born in 1805, died in 
1869; married Charles Farnham, of Monterey, 
Berkshire county. Massachusetts. 5. Matilda, 
born in 1807, died in 1853 ; married Harry 
Stone, lived and died in Litchfield county, 
Connecticut. 6. Dotha Ann, born 1810; mar- 
ried Tooley and went to Tennessee, 

where she had a large family. 7. James An- 
drew, mentioned below. 8. Samuel Carter, 
born in 1816, died in 1884 ; married Amy 
Amanda Hall, lived and died at Bantam, Con- 
necticut. 

(VII) Elijah, son of James Bunnell, was 
born January 6, 1803. died September 20, 
1873. He came from Connecticut to Bridge- 
water in the spring of 1833, driving through by 
way of the Newburgh turnpike. He lived at 
first in an old log house on the farm owned 
by a Mr. Smith, known at the present time as 
Johnson Hill. As soon as a suitable dwelling 
house was erected he moved to his farm, which 
is now owned by his grandson, Willard M. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



653 



Bunnell, and used by him as a summer resi- 
dence. Elijah Bunnell was a typical pioneer, 
sturdy and strong, and a noted hunter. In the 
spring of 1873 he went to Lawrence, Kan- 
sas, to visit his daughter, Mrs. Henry Rogers, 
was taken sick, died and was buried there. He 
married, ]\Iay 27, 1826, Lucy, born in 1804, 
died in 1864, daughter of Apollos and Eunice 
(Throop) Stone, of Litchfield county, Con- 
necticut. Her parents were of Scotch ances- 
try. Children: i. Kirby, born in 1827, died 
in 1906; married Sarah Ann Stone. 2. Will- 
iam, mentioned below. 3. Dotha Ann, born 
1 83 1, died 1838, of scarlet fever. 4. Truman 
S., born in 1834, died in 1838, during the scar- 
let fever epidemic. 5. Lucy J., born in 1836; 
married Henry Rogers, now of Lawrence, 
Kansas. 6. Harry, died young. 

('\'n) James Andrew, son of James Bun- 
nell, was born in 1813, died in 1886. He mar- 
rierl Mary Ann Hall, born in New Haven, 
Connecticut. They settled in Dimock, Susque- 
hanna county, Pennsylvania, in 1849. Chil- 
dren: I. Frederick Hall, born January 12, 
1840, in Waterbury, Connecticut, died in 1909; 
served in the civil war in 1862-63; taught 
school when a young man : filled the highest 
offices of the Susquehanna County Pomona 
Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, and was insur- 
ance agent for this order during the last years 
of his life ; was prominent and influential ; he 
married in 1865, Harriet Wallace; children: i. 
James Wallace, unmarried ; ii. Francis El- 
mer, killed by lightning while moving a build- 
ing in June, 1906, leaving a wife and children; 

iii. Lettie Mary, married Mains ; iv. 

Kirby, died young; v. Irene Estella, born May 
20, 1877; vi. Byron Bruce, March 23, 1880; 
vii. John M., August 8, 1882, married Ada 
Senior. August 4, 1909; viii. Mabel, November 
7, 1887, married Herbert M. Decker, of South 
Gibson, Pennsylvania, September 20, 191 1. 2. 

Robert Oscar. 3. Lyman W., married 

, and had children : i. Charles, a teacher 

in \'aldez, Alaska ; ii. Louise, married a Dr. 
Washburn. 4. Welcome L. 5. Kirby C, who 
visited his son Lewis and daughter, Mrs. Clar- 
ence Gary, at Vancouver, British Columbia, 
in May, 191 1. 

(VIII) William, son of Elijah Bunnell, was 
born in Connecticut, February 27, 1829, died 
February 7, 1898. He was four years old 
when his parents settled in Bridgewater. In 
youth he was studious and his education was 
completed under the instruction of Dr. Ly- 
man Richardson, of Harford, Pennsylvania, a 
noted pioneer educator of northeastern Penn- 
sylvania. Afterward he taught school, and 
later became a traveling salesman, making sev- 
eral trips through the southern states during 



the years 1854 to 1858. After his marriage he 
followed farming and was a merchant and 
editor. He was prominent in local politics and 
served the town in various offices of trust. In 
1880 he supported the Greenback party and 
advocated measures adopted by both branches 
of congress in 1882 providing that all money 
issued by the government be made legal ten- 
der for all debts public and private. In 1881 
with two partners he established the National 
Record of Montrose, a newspaper organ of 
the Greenback party. He became interested 
early in the Patrons of Husbandry and was 
one of the founders of the Montrose Grange. 
He was one of the promoters of the Montrose 
branch of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Com- 
pany, and throughout his life was a useful 
and public-spirited citizen. He married, De- 
cember 21, 1858. Mary Jane, daughter of 
Isaiah and Polly May (Williams) Maine. Chil- 
dren : I. Alice, born in i860, died in 1866. 2. 
Lucy Jane, born October 23, 1866; a gradu- 
ate of the State Normal School at Mansfield, 
Pennsylvania ; married Jesse T. Smith and has 
a son, Harry Smith. 3. Fanny Lydia, born 
1872 ; a prominent vocalist at Montrose, Penn- 
sylvania. 4. Willard Maine, mentioned below. 
(IX) Willard Maine, son of William Bun- 
nell, was born at Dimock, Susquehanna county, 
Pennsylvania, January 14, 1874. He attended 
the public and high schools of his native town 
and completed his preparation for college at 
Keystone Academy, Factoryville, Pennsyl- 
vania. He entered Bucknell University in 
1893 and was graduated with the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts in 1897. He then began to 
study law in the office of Willard, Warren & 
Knapp, at Scranton, Pennsylvania, and in the 
course of time was admitted to the Pennsyl- 
vania bar, February i, 1909. Since then he 
has been practicing law at Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania. In politics he is a Democrat : he has 
taken an active and prominent part in public 
affairs, and enjoys the unique distinction of 
being the only Democrat ever elected to the 
office of prothonotary of Lackawanna county, 
which is normally strongly Republican. He 
was elected in 1906, and after serving three 
years was re-elected in 1909 for another term. 
He is mortgage and trust officer of the An- 
thracite Trust Company of Scranton, Penn- 
svlvania. He is a gifted singer and well known 
in musical circles, a member of various (Ger- 
man and other choral societies. He inherited 
from his father's brother, Kirby Bunnell, the 
Bunnell homestead at Dimock, Pennsylvania, 
where an annual reunion of this branch of the 
Bunnell family is held. The farm is_Mr. Bun- 
nell's summer home. Mr. Bunnell is a direc- 
tor of the Scranton Young Men's Christian 



654 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Association, which is one of the tinest in the 
state, owning the best building. He is presi- 
dent of the Automobile Association of Scran- 
ton. He is a member of Peter Williamson 
Lodge, No. 323, Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Scranton ; of Lackawanna Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons ; of Coeur de Lion Commandery, 
No. 18, Knights Templar, of Scranton; of 
Scranton Council, Royal and Select Masters ; 
of Irem Temple, Mystic Shrine ; also of James 
L. Connell Lodge, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows ; of Fairview Lodge, Knights of 
Pythias; Scranton Lodge, No. 123, Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks ; Knights of the 
Mystic Chain; member of the Patriotic Or- 
der of the Sons of America, and lieutenant- 
coloiiel of its uniformed rank. He is a trustee 
of the Keystone Academy. In religion he is 
an Episcopalian, a member of St. Luke's 
Church. 

He married. December i, 1897, Margaret 
Irene, born February 15, 1874, daughter of 
George W. and Ventitia Irene (Snyder) 
Walls, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. She is a 
great-granddaughter of Governor Simon Sny- 
der, who was governor of the state of Penn- 
sylvania for three terms. She is a member of 
Shikillemy Chapter, Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. 
Children: i. William Kirby, born August 3, 
1900, died in infancy. 2. Walls Willard, born 
January 3, 1902. 3. Philip Wolfe, August 
15. 1903- 



Thomas Mumford, immi- 
MUMFORD grant ancestor, came to 

Rhode Island when he was 
about twenty-five years of age. He probably 
was born about 1625. The first record found 
of him is his marriage to Sarah Sherman in 
1655. She was daughter of Philip Sherman, 
secretary of the colony (see Sherman IV). 
He first settled at Portsmouth, Rhode Island 
(the north of the Island of Aquidneck). Be- 
cause of the disturbances caused by disputes 
as to the possession of the island he decided to 
move to a place less influenced by religious be- 
liefs, and in 1657 joined a company composed 
of Samuel Wilbor, John Hull, of Boston, 
"goldsmith ;" John Porter and Samuel Wilson. 
With them he went to the Narragansett coun- 
try, where he purchased with them equal 
shares in the "great Pettaquamscutt purchase." 
In 1664 he and his neighbor, Enoch Place, ac- 
cused a Massachusetts commissioner, Timothy 
Mather, of "speaking words of a very dishon- 
ourable nature against his Majesty," and this 
accusation was bitterly resented, for the feeling 
was strong against the King at the time. Ma- 
ther had the two imprisoned without trial, 



but finally they were allowed to withdraw 
their words after a few days and were re- 
leased on bonds. John Hull, one of the part- 
ners in the purchase of their land, was in Bos- 
ton so much that he neglected his work in the 
managing of accounts and deeds, and finally 
sold out his holdings. On March 15, 1668, 
he and his wife Sarah sold to Peleg Sanford, 
of Newport, one thousand acres of upland and 
meadow in Pettaquamscutt for twenty-five 
pounds. During this time the dispute arose 
between Connecticut and Rhode Island about 
these lands, and he was the principal oppo- 
nent of the Connecticut men who claimed the 
land. In 1670 he went to New London as 
sheriff and man of war to escort the Rhode 
Island commissioners who were on a diplo- 
matic errand to Connecticut. Though it was 
but a day's journey, it was a dangerous one, 
but the trip was made without any accident. 
The commission came to nothing, but they 
later appealed to King Charles successfully 
and the purchase was granted to Rhode 
Island. On October 26, 1670, he was ap- 
pointer ratemaker, and 1683-86 he was again 
high constable. His wife died before he did, 
though the exact date is not known, though it 
must have been after 1687, and before 1692. 
He died in February, 1692. Children: Thomas, 
born 1656; Peleg, mentioned below; Abigail, 
born about 1662, married Daniel Fish; Sarah, 
born 1668, married, as second wife, Benedict 
Arnold, great-grandfather of the Benedict Ar- 
nold who figures so prominently in revolu- 
tionary history, and son of the distinguished 
Benedict Arnold, governor of Rhode Island 
from 1663 to 1678. 

(II) Peleg, son of Thomas INIumford, was 
born at South Kingston, otherwise Rochester, 
in 1659. On September 6, 1687, he was taxed 
at Kingston, and in 1688 he was on the grand 
jury. On August 16, 1713, he was appointed 
administrator of the estate of Katherine Bull, 
widow of Jireh Bull. He was one of the 
first ratemakers of South Kingston, 1722, the 
others being Samuel Helme and James Perry. 
He died in 1745. His will was proved July 
8, 1745. James Savage says: "Peleg had two 
wives : Mary, daughter of Ephraim Bull, and 
second, Mary, daughter of the second John 
Coggeshall." But Mary Coggeshall was wife 
of Ephraim Bull, and they were the parents 
of the Mary Bull who married Peleg, son of 
this Peleg. The wife of this Peleg is not 
known. Children : Peleg, mentioned below ; 
Mary, born 1694 ( ?) ; Sarah, 1696 ( ?) ; Eliz- 
abeth (?), Hannah, 1704. 

(III) Peleg (2), son of Peleg (i) Mum- 
ford, was born in 1692-93. He married Mary, 
daughter of Ephraim and Mary (Coggeshall) 



NEW ENGLAXD. 



655 



Bull. Children: Jirch, mentioned below; 
Peleg, born July 25, 1719, died young; Abi- 
gail, born November 28, 1721 ; Samuel, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1723; Content, born March 23, 1725; 
Sarah, September, 1728; Peleg, November, 
1729; Thomas, May 30, 1733. 

(IV) Jireh, son of Peleg (2) Mumford, 
was born August 5, 171 7. He was named 
after the father of Ephraim Bull, his mother's 
father. He married, November 29, 1739, 
Mary Gardiner. She was doubtless a great- 
granddaughter of that George Gardiner who 
came from England to Newport about 1636. 
Children: Waite. born June 27, 1742; Gardiner 
William, November 26, 1744; Jireh, mentioned 
below; Mary, August 24, 1749, died in in- 
fancy; Mary, June, 1751 ; Sarah, May i, 1753; 
Hannah, January 18, 1755. 

(V) Jireh (2), son of Jireh (i) Mumford, 
was born May 30, 1747. He married, March 14, 
1776, Deborah Lillibridge, born July 8, 1756. 
On April 20, 1780, they moved from Rhode 
Island to Connecticut. After the revolution 
they left Connecticut and settled at Mt. Pleas- 
ant, Wayne county, Pennsylvania, March 25, 
1795. Children : Mary, born January 14, 1777 ; 
Jireh, mentioned below ; Thomas, February 6. 
1780; John, February 27, 1782; infant, Octo- 
ber 10, 1784, died December 4, 1784; Deborah, 
December 8, 1785; Sarah, February 6, 1788; 
Henry, February 7, 1790; Lillibridge, Jan- 
uary 29, 1792 ; "Roxy," April ig, 1794; Thank- 
ful, March 12, 1796; Miner, November 9, 
1797; Amelia, November 18, 1799. 

(VI) Jireh (3), son of Jireh (2) Mum- 
ford, was born February 6, 1778. He married 
Mary Baker, of Orange county. New York. 
Children : Deborah, John, James, mentioned 
below ; Phoebe. Thomas R., Decatur, "Dolly" 
Maria, Sarah Ann. 

(VII) James, son of Jireh (3) Mumford, 
married Mary, daughter of Thomas Mumford, 
his father's brother. Children : Oliver, a cap- 
tain ; Olive, James Lawrence, a captain ; Mary, 
Mathilda, Warren Woodruff, mentioned be- 
low ; Edwin C, Clinton, Clarence, Urban, 
Harriet, Elwyn, Thomas, died an infant. 

(VTII) Warren Woodruff, son of James 
Alumford, was born at Starrucca, Pennsyl- 
vania, December 5, 1841, where he has always 
lived. He is a Republican in politics and has 
represented his district in the state legislature. 
He married Laura Augusta Swift, born at 
Gardner, Lister county. New York, in 1846. 
Children : Rena, now Mrs. R. A. Taylor, of 
Niagara Falls ; Harriet, who resides at the old 
homestead, unmarried ; Jennie, now Mrs. A. C. 
Crossley, of Binghamton, New York ; Minnie 
B., now Mrs. C. U. Ingham, of Moscow, 
Pennsylvania; Harry Warren, mentioned be 



low: Iva L., now Mrs. Ernest Wagner, of 
Starrucca, Pennsylvania. 

(IX) Harry Warren, son of Warren 
Woodruff Mumford, was born at Starrucca, 
Pennsylvania, March 18, 1877. He attended 
the public schools of his native town and 
Keystone Academy at Factoryville, Pennsyl- 
vania, from which he was graduated in the 
class of 1896. He then entered Brown Uni- 
versity and was graduated in 1901 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. He began the 
study of law in the office of his uncle, Edwin 
C. Mumford, of Honesdale, Pennsylvania, 
and in due course was admitted to the bar, 
June, 1902. Since then he has been engaged 
in the general practice of law with offices at 
Scranton, Pennsylvania. He is a member of 
Peter Williamson Lodge, No. 323, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Scranton ; of the Chi Phi 
fraternity of Brown LTniversity : of the New 
England Society of Northeastern Pennsyl- 
vania ; of the Scranton Bicycle Club, and of 
the Lackawanna County Bar Association. In 
politics he is a Republican. He is unmarried. 



( I ) Henry Sherman was of Dedham, Essex 

count}', England. He married .Agnes , 

who died in 1580. 

(II) Henry (2), son of Henry (i) Sher- 
man, also lived in Dedham. and he died in 
1610. He married Susan Hills. Children : 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Edmund, ancestor 
of General Sherman. 

(III) Samuel, son of Henry (2) Sherman, 
was born in 1573, died in England in 16 1 5. 
He married Philippa . 

(IV") Philip, son of Samuel Sherman, was 
named after his mother. He was born in Ded- 
ham, England, February 5, 1610. He came to 
America when he was twenty-three and settled 
at Roxbury, Massachusetts. He was made 
freeman there May 14, 1634, standing next on 
the list after Governor Haynes. He married 
Sarah Odding, in the first year after his arrival. 
She was stepdaughter of John Porter, of Rox- 
bury; John Porter's wife, Margaret, was 

widow of Odding. He returned to 

England in 1635 for a short time. On Novem- 
ber 20, 1637, he and others were warned to 
give -up all guns, pistols, etc., because "the 
opinions and revelations of Mr. W'heelwright 
and Mrs. Hutchinson have seduced and led 
into dangerous errors many of the people here 
in New England." The Church Record says 
that he was brought over to "Familism" by 
Porter, his wife's stepfather. On March 7, 
1638, he and others at Portsmouth. Rhode 
Island, signed a compact: "We, whose names 
are underwritten, do here solemnly, in the 



656 



NEW ENGLAND. 



presence of Jehovah, incorporate ourselves 
into a Bodie Politick, and as He shall help, 
will submit our persons, lives, and estates unto 
our Lord Jesus Christ, the King of Kings and 
Lord of Lords, and to all those perfect and 
most absolute laws of His, given us in His holy 
word of truth, to be guided and judged there- 
by." This was signed after his leaving Mas- 
sachusetts, but the authorities evidently 
thought he had not left, for on March 12, 
1638, though he had license to leave, he had 
summons to appear at the next court if they 
had not yet gone, to "answer such things as 
shall be objected." He did not answer these 
summons, but continued to be a prominent 
figure in Rhode Island affairs. On May 13, 
1638, he appears at a public meeting at Ports- 
mouth, and in 1639 he was chosen secretary 
of the colony. In 1640 he with four others 
was appointed to lay out and survey the public 
lands. He was made freeman, March 16, 
1641, and from 1648 to 1652 was general re- 
corder. He was deputy from 1665 to 1667. 
On April 4, 1676, he was among sixteen per- 
sons who were requested to be at the next 
meeting of the deputies to give advice and 
help in regard to the Narragansett campaign. 
He died in March, 1687. His will was dated 
July 30, 1681, and showed that he was a 
wealthy man for the times. He had thirteen 
children, eight boys and five girls, their dates 
of birth being from 1634 to 1632. The Sarah 
who married Thomas Mumford was born in 
1636 (see Mumford). 



John Fessenden, immi- 
FESSENDEN grant, was born in county 

Kent, England, about 
1600. His name is variously spelled in the 
early records Fesenden, Fessinden, Fessington, 
Fezington, Fizidon, Fisiden, Fissenden, Fish- 
enden, Fithington, Phessenden and Phessing- 
ton. He settled as early as 1636 in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, and made his home at the south 
corner of Winthrop and Eliot streets, selling 
his estate there in 1639, however, and buying 
on the westerly side of Eliot street, south of 
the present Mount Auburn street. His name 
is on the list of proprietors in 1636, and he 
was admitted a freeman, June 2, 1641. He was 
a member of the church, and was a selectman 
of the town in 1656-61-62-65. His relative, 
Nicholas Fessenden, doubtless son of a 
brother, came over from England to inherit 
his estate, which was very large for his day. 
He was a glover by trade. He died December 
I, 1666, and his nuncupative will was proved 
April 2, 1666, bequeathing to his wife, his 
kinsman, Nicholas Fessenden. aid to be given 
to Hope Atherton, if he come again to the col- 



lege. His widow died January 12, 1682, aged 
eighty years. She made a will, December 20, 
1681, proved March 31, 1684-85, bequeathing 
her whole estate to her "cousin" (a word then 
used for nephew and uncle), Nicholas Fes- 
senden, who was to pay legacies to cousin, 
Hannah More, and others. Judge Samuel 
Sewall in his diary calls Nicholas "cousin" 
also, and mentions visiting "Aunt Fessenden 
with her children John, Mary, Elizabeth and 
John at Canterbury (in County Kent) in 
1688-89." John Fessenden bought land in 
Charlestown, six acres, of N. Davis, in 1642, 
and his widow sold it to John Watson and 
Mary Cook in 1673. It adjoined the Charles- 
town and Cambridge common lands. 

(II) Nicholas Fessenden, nephew and heir 
of John Fessenden, was born in Canterbury, 
England, in 1650, died February 24, 1719, in 
his sixty-ninth year. He came to America in 
1674 at the invitation of his uncle and settled 
in Cambridge. He was also a glover by trade. 
He married Margaret Cheney, who died De- 
cember 10, 1717, aged sixty^-one. Children, 
born at Cambridge: Jane, November 28, 1674; 
Hannah, July 27, 1676; John, November 4, 
1678; Nicholas, January 21, i(J8i ; Thomas, 
January 4, 1682, died young; Thomas, Jan- 
uary 22, 1687; Jane, April 22, 1688; Mary, 
October 28, i68g ; William, mentioned below ; 
Joseph : Benjamin, January 30, 1701 ; Hannah ; 
Ebenezer. 

(III) William, son of Nicholas Fessenden, 
was born in Cambridge in 1694. He married 
(first) Martha Wyeth, and (second) Martha 
Brown. Children, born at Cambridge: Ruth, 
June 28, 1717; William, mentioned below; 
Martha, February 29, 1719-20; Margaret, No- j 
vember 8, 1721 ; Benjamin, January 14, 1722- i 
23; Benjamin, October 23, 1724; Nicholas, 
November 22, 1725; Peter, August 16, 1728; 
John, June 16, 1730; Hannah, August 15, 
1732; Benjamin, baptized August 25, 1734; 
Ebenezer, baptized July 10, 1737; Thomas, 
baptized July 15, 1739; Margaret, baptized 
January 17, 1741-42; Martha, baptized Oc- 
tober 19, 174.6. 

(IV) William (2), son of William (i) 
Fessenden, was born at Cambridge, December 
7, 1 718. He was graduated from Harvard 
College in 1737. He was a schoolmaster and 
was licensed to preach, but did not become a 
minister. He taught school in Cambridge. 
He died of apoplexy at the age of thirty-eight, 
leaving a widow and three children, two sons 
and a daughter. Children, born at Cambridge : 
Martha, June 8, 1740; Nicholas, April 14, 
1742, died young; Mary, baptized July 29, 
1744: Sarah, August 8, 1746; William, men- 
tioned below ; Stephen, baptized May 20, 1750; 



NEW ENGLAND. 



657 



Mary, baptized March i, 1751-52; Nicholas, 
September 8, 1754; Ebenezer, baptized Feb- 
ruary 13, 1757. 

(V) Rev. W'ilHam (3) Fessenden, son of 
William (2) Fessenden, was born at Cam- 
bridge, November 3, 1747. He was graduated 
at Harvard College in 1768, and taught school 
at Topsfield, Massachusetts, one year, then 
studied divinity and was settled as the first 
minister of the First Parish in Fryeburg, 
Maine, October 11, 1775. He was a represent- 
ative to the general court of Massachusetts. 
He was a man of sterling qualities, earnest 
and devout, distinguished for philanthropy 
and hospitality and died deeply lamented. 
Souther said of him: "Dignified in bearing, 
gentle in spirit, hospitable to a fault, fearless 
and uncompromising in maintaining right, yet 
eminently courteous, he left his heirs that good 
name much rather to be chosen than riches." 
He died March 5, 1805. He married (first) 
Sarah Reed, of Cambridge, who died about a 
year later. He married (second) Sarah Clem- 
ent, of Dunbarton, New Hampshire. Children 
by second wife: Sarah, William, died unmar- 
ried ; Caleb, died unmarried ; Ebenezer, has de- 
scendants in Fryeburg; Mary; Elizabeth Clem- 
ent, married Rev. Joseph Palmer, a clergyman 
at Kennebunkport, Maine. 

(VI) General Samuel Fessenden, son of 
Rev. William (3) Fessenden, was born in 
Fryeburg, July 16, 1784, and became one of 
the most distinguished men of his time in 
Maine. As a boy he was studious and am- 
bitious. He fitted for college at the Fryeburg 
Academy and entered Dartmouth College, 
teaching school during his course to help pay 
his expenses, having schools at Paris, Maine, 
and Poscawen, New Hampshire. He grad- 
uated with high reputation as a scholar in the 
class of 1806. He studied law in the office of 
Hon. Judah Dana, of Fryeburg, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1809. He opened an of- 
fice at New Gloucester, Maine, but in 1822 
removed to Portland, where he formed a part- 
nership with Thomas Amory Deblois. This 
firm was dissolved in 1854 when he admitted 
to partnership his son, Daniel W. Fessenden. 
In 1 86 1, when advanced in years, and with 
the honors and burdens of more than fifty 
years of professional life upon him, and with 
the respect of the community in which he lived 
and practiced, he retired from practice. He 
died at Portland, March 19, 1869, aged nearly 
eighty-five years. In 1828 he was elected a 
member of the Maine Historical Society, and 
in 1846 Bowdoin College conferred upon him 
the degree of Doctor of Laws. Like his father, 
he was a Federalist of the Washington and 
Hamilton school, and he represented New 



Gloucester in the general court of Massachu- 
setts in 1814-16, and was state senator in 
1818-19. In 1825-26 he represented Portland 
in the Maine legislature. After that he de- 
voted himself almost exclusively to his prac- 
tice. His commanding figure, his full, round 
voice, his emphatic and graceful elocution 
qualified him for public speaking both in the 
courtroom and in the legislature. In 1818 he 
was elected major-general of the Tenth Di- 
vision of the militia of Massachusetts — a com- 
mission he held also under the state of Maine 
for fourteen years. He became a National 
Republican under John Quincy Adams, and a 
Whig afterward. In 1841 he was the candi- 
date of the anti-slavery party for governor. 
Probably no lawyer ever argued so many cases 
before juries, and perhaps none tried more im- 
portant questions of law. He was remarkably 
successful, and for half a century was the 
acknowledged head of the Cumberland county 
bar. His fidelity to his clients was proverbial, 
and he himself declared that he never de- 
fended a person whom he believed to be guilty 
of the offence charged. He was the author of 
two orations delivered when he was a young 
man and of a treatise on the "Institution, Du- 
ties and Importance of Juries." A genial 
man, the frosts of age failed to chill the en- 
thusiasm of his early youth. He was a sin- 
cere Christian and a gentleman of the old 
school, stately, kindly, liberal to the poor and 
indulgent as a parent. Five sons graduated 
from Rowdoin College and three from Dart- 
mouth ; four were lawyers, three doctors and 
one was a minister. Three were members of 
congress — William Pitt, Samuel Clement and 
Thomas A. D. 

He married, December 16, 1813, Deborah 
Chandler, of New Gloucester, who, through 
her grandmother was a descendant of Gov- 
ernor Edward Winslow, of Plymouth. They 
had eleven children. His son, William Pitt 
Fessenden, the most famous of the family, 
perhaps, was born October 6, 1806; was rep- 
resentative to the general court, 1814-19, state 
senator in 1832-40-53-54, and L-nited States 
senator from 1854 to 1869. and became one of 
the great leaders of the Republican party in 
the nation. 

(VII) Rev. Samuel Clement Fessenden, 
son of General Samuel Fessenden, was born 
March 7, 1815, at New Gloucester, Maine. 
After graduating in 1834 from Bowdoin Col- 
lege, he entered the theological seminary at. 
Bangor, Maine, where he prepared for the 
ministry, graduating in 1837. For some years 
he was pastor of the Congregational church 
at Rockland, Maine, and in 1856 he became the 
editor of The Maine Evangelist. Afterward 



658 



NEW ENGLAND. 



he became a lawyer and was appointed judge 
of the municipal court of Rockland. From 
1864 to 1867 he was examiner-in-chief in the 
United States patent office and on retiring 
from that office he made his home at Stamford, 
Connecticut, where he resided until his death. 
April 18, 1882. He represented his district in 
Maine in the thirty-seventh congress with 
ability, and he was appointed consulate at St. 
Johns, New Brunswick, by President Garfield. 
In politics he was a Republican. 

He married Mary Grosvenor Abbe, born in 
New Gloucester, Maine, daughter of Joshua 
and Marcia (Grosvenor) Abbe. Children: i. 
Marcia G., resides at Stamford, Connecticut ; 
unmarried. 2. Eliza, married W. F. Merrill, 
of Plainfield, New Jersey. 3. Joshua A., was 
major in the United States army; decea,=ed. 
4. Lucia, married William P. Huxford, major 
in the United States army. 5. Mary E., re- 
sides at Stamford; unmarried. 6. Samuel, 
born at Rockland, April 12, 1847; served in 
the civil war with the rank of captain ; grad- 
uated from Harvard Law School in 1869 and 
began practice at Stamford, Connecticut ; 
prominent in the general assembly in which 
he represented Stamford several terms and in 
1895 was speaker of the house ; delegate to the 
Republican national convention in 1876; sec- 
retary of the Republican national committee 
in 1880; delegate to the Republican national 
convention in 1888 and chairman of the Con- 
necticut delegation ; delegate to the Republican 
national convention in 1896 and member of 
the committee on resolutions; appointed judge 
advocate with the rank of major in 1872 ; mar- 
ried Helen G. Davenport, a descendant of the 
founder of New Haven. 7. Deborah C, mar- 
ried H. A. Gardner, of Chicago, Illinois. 8. 
Susan S., resides at Stamford. 9. Seth G., re- 
sides in Stamford. 10. Abbey C, resides at 
Stamford; unmarried. 11. Oliver G.. resides 
at Stamford, Connecticut. 



The surname Sherman of 
SHERMAN England is of German origin, 

and among German people 
at the present time in Germany and adjacait 
countries the name is found spelled Sherman, 
Schurman, Shearman, Scherman. The family 
was located in England, however, as early as 
1335, in Shropshire. The name is derived in 
the first place from the occupation of some 
progenitor, being the name for the trade of 
cloth dresser, or shearer of cloth. The arms 
of the Sherman family of Yazley mentioned 
below are : Or a lion rampant sable charged on 
the shoulder with an amulet for difference be- 
tween three oak leaves vert. Crest : A sea lion 
sejeant argent guttee de poix fumed or. The 



English pedigree given here is compiled from 
articles and wills published in the New Eng- 
land Genealogical Register, vol. 24, p. 63 ; v. 27, 
p. 73; V. 51, p. 309 and V. 54, p. 152 (see also 
Bond's Watertown, and the vital records of 
Sudbury, Massachusetts ) . 

(I) Thomas Sherman, the earliest known 
progenitor of the American family of Sher- 
man, died in 1550. His age was not recorded, 
but as three of his sons were of age, he was 
probably fifty years old, at least. His will 
enumerates among his property the manors 
of Royden and Royden Tuft, with appurte- 
nances at Royden and Besingham, as well as 
property in other places in the counties of Nor- 
folk and Suffolk, England. Diss, where he 
lived part of his life, probably, is on the river 
Waveny, between these two countries. His 
will mentions his wife Jane, a sister, and the 
children mentioned below. He married, prob- 
ably not his first wife, Jane, daughter of John 
Waller, of Wortham, Suffolk. Children: 
Thomas, Richard, John, Henry, mentioned be- 
low; William, Anthony, Francis, BartholcH 
mew, James. 

(II) Henry, son of Thomas Sherman, was 
born in Yazley, about 1 530. He is mentioned 
in the will of his father, together with several 
brothers. His wife Agnes was buried October 
14, 1580, and he married (second) Margery 
Wilson, widow. His will was dated January 
20, 1589, and proved July 25, 1590. Children, 
born doubtless at Colchester, where the fam- 
ily lived : Henry, mentioned below ; Edmund, 
died 1601 ; Dr. Robert, died 1602; Judith, mar- 
ried William Pettfield ; daughter, married 
Nicholas Funce ; John, died without issue, Oc- 
tober 15, 1576. 

(III) Henry (2), son of Henry (i) Sher- 
man, was born in Colchester, England, about 
1555, and lived in Dedham, Essex county, Eng- 
land, where he made his will August 21, 1610, 
proved September 8, 1610. He married Susan 
Hills, whose will was dated August 31, 1610, 
and proved September, 1610. Six of the sons 
mentioned below were living when their father 
died. Children: Henry, died 1642; Daniel, 
died 1634; Nathaniel, died 161 5; John, born 
August 17, 1586; Ezekiel, married twice; 
Samuel, mentioned below ; Edmund, married 
Judith Auger ; Anne, married Thomas Wilson ; 
Phebe, married Simeon Fenn. 

(I\') Samuel, son of Henry (2) Sherman, 
was born in England in 1573, and died in 
Dedham, England, in 161 5. He married Phil- 

lippa, or Phillis . Children : Mary, born 

October 2, 1599; Samuel, October 20, 1601, 
died in Boston, Massachusetts ; Henry, died 
young; Henry, born June 25, 1603; Martha, 
January 24, 1604; Sarah, February 11, 1606, 



NEW ENGLAND. 



6S9 



died December 12, 1612; Philip, mentioned be- 
low. 

( \' ) Philip, son of Henry f 2 ) Sherman, 
was born in Dedham, England, February 5, 
1610, and died in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 
1687. He married Sarah Odding, daughter of 
Mrs. John Porter. In 1634 he came to New 
England and settled first in Ro.xbury, Massa- 
chusetts. At the time of the Ann Hutchinson 
troubles in Boston about 1637 he took the pop- 
ular side, but as Governor Winthrop finally 
prevailed, he removed with others of the same 
opinion to Rhode Island. Here the company 
met Roger Williams, who advised them to pur- 
chase the island of Aquidneck from the In- 
dians. This purchase was completed March 
^4, 1638, a regular government was established 
July I, 1639, with Coddington as governor, and 
Philip Sherman as secretary. He frequently 
held office in the colony afterward, and was 
consulted by those in authority as a man of 
intelligence, wealth and influence. The early 
record of the settlement, prepared by him still 
remains in Portsmouth, and shows him to 
have been a very neat and careful penman, 
as well as a man of education. After his re- 
moval to Rhode Island he left the Congrega- 
tional church and united with the Society of 
Friends. He is said to have been a devout but 
determined man. Children: Eber, born 1634: 
Sarah, born in Roxbury, 1636; Peleg, born in 
Portsmouth, 1638; Mary, born 1639, died 
young; Edmond, mentioned below; Samson, 
born 1642; William, 1643, died young; John, 
born 1644; Mary, 1645; Hannah, 1647; Sam- 
uel. 1648: Benjamin, 1650; Philip, October i, 
1652. 

( VI) Edmond, son of Philip Sherman, was 
born in Portsmouth, in 1641, and died in 1719. 

He married Dorcas . He settled on 

land owned by his father in Dartmouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, and took a leading part in the set- 
tlement of that town. Children : Elkanah. 
mentioned below; Nathaniel, born May i, 
1676; Nathan, February i, 1678; David, Jan- 
uary I, 1680; Lydia, February i, 1682; Sam- 
uel, July 27, 1686; Elnathan. October i, 1694; 
Joseph, 1698. 

(VTI) Elkanah, son of Edmond Sherman, 
was born May 7, 1674, in Dartmouth, Massa- 
chusetts, and married (first) ; 

(second), January 15, 1719, Elizabeth Man- 
chester. He married (third). 1731, Margaret 
Pitts. After his last marriage he removed, it 
is supposed, to Burrillville, Rhode Island. He 
lived also in Gloucester, Rhode Island. Chil- 
ilren of first wife: Elkanah, mentioned below ; 
probably others; children of second wife: 
George, born November 10, 1719-20; Job, 
January 10, 1722; Ruth, January 29, 1724; 



Content, September 26, 1726; Peter, Septem- 
ber 24, 1728; Elizabeth, August i, 1730. 

(\'III) Elkanah (2), son of Elkanah (i) 
Sherman, was born about 1717, in Rhode 
Island. He married, at Smithfield, Rhode 
Island, Margaret Sayles (also given Sewell 
or Suel), October 18, 1747. 

( IX') Asahel, son of Elkanah Sherman, was 
born March 12, 1758, in Gloucester, now Bur- 
rillville. He married, August 24, 1788, Row- 
ena Ballou, born June 2^. 1772, died October 
17, 1859, aged about eighty-six. He died in 
Burrillville, June 21, 1830. Children, born at 
Burrillville: Phebe. December i, 1788, married 
George Emerson ; Dutee, November 27, 1790, 
married Mary Emerson ; Wilbur, January 12, 
1793, unmarried, died February 17, 1817; 
Prusia, born February 27, 1795, married 
William Chase, May, 1815; Catherine, born 
October 8, 1796, married, 1820, John Emer- 
son; Alpha, born February 23, 1799, married. 
October i, 1839, Benjamin Whitney; Syria, 
born December 23-, 1801, married, March, 
1826, Eunice Walker; Rowena, born Novem- 
ber 25, 1806, married, November 12, 1836, 
Norris Yates; Jesse, born December i, 1809, 
married, November i, 1847, Jane Kelton ; 
Jedson, born February 2. 1812. married. March 
10, 1844. Bathsheba Thayer; Smith, born Feb- 
ruary 26, 1815, married, February, 1835, Elsie 
Southwick ; Stephen L., mentioned below. 

( X ) Stephen Lapham, son of Asahel Sher- 
man, was born at Burrillville, Rhode Island, 
April 10, 1818, died February 20, 1874. He 
married, at Burrillville, December i. 1842, 
Abby Williams Olney. who was born at Prov- 
idence, Rhode Island, September 10, 1824, 
died at Pawtucket about 1904, daughter of 
William Pitcher Olney (see Olney). He was 
educated in the public schools and was a prom- 
inent merchant at Providence, Rhode Island, 
but made his home of the old Sherman estate 
at Pawtucket, in that section known as South 
Woodhaven. He was a member of the Board 
of Trade of Providence and of the famous 
Marine Corps of Artillery that figured largely 
in the events of 1842, and he was a member 
of the Veteran Association of that corps. He 
was a member of the local lodges of Odd Fel- 
lows and Free Masons. In politics he was a 
Republican, in religion a Protestant. Children: 
William O., died in Providence ; Stephen 
Franklin, mentioned below ; Byron, living at 
Pawtucket. 

(XI) Stephen Franklin, son of Stephen 
Lapham Sherman, was born at Pawtucket. 
Rhode Island, and was educated in the public 
schools. He married, in Pawtucket, Mary 
Taylor, a native of Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter of Thomas and Mary (Rob- 



66o 



NEW ENGLAND. 



erts) Taylor. The ancestry of the Roberts 
family is Welsh. Child: Harry Taylor, men- 
tioned below. 

(XII) Harry Taylor, child of Stephen 
Franklin Sherman, was born at Pawtucket, 
Rhode Island, January 14, 1874. He attended 
various private schools and the public schools 
of Providence, Rhode Island, and fitted for 
college at the Lyon Preparatory School, Col- 
lege street. Providence. He began his business 
life as clerk in the Silver Spring Bleachery 
and Dyeing Company. After leaving this po- 
sition he was for two years employed at the 
works of the Corliss Engine Company' of 
Providence, in the drafting room, and subse- 
quently was an apprentice in the Slater Cotton 
Mills of Pawtucket, Rhode Island. In March, 
1894, he came to New York City and engaged 
in real estate business, in which he has been 
very successful, and in which he has continued 
to the present time. He is a member of Kane 
Lodge, No. 454, Ancient, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of New York City; of Jerusalem 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; of Adelphi 
Council, No. 7, Royal and Select Masters ; of 
Coeur de Lion Commandery, No. 23, Knights 
Templar; of Lodge of Perfection, No. 14; 
Council of Princes, No. 16; Rose Croix Con- 
sistory, No. 18, and he has taken all the de- 
grees in Scottish Rite Masonry to the thirty- 
second. He is keenly interested in outdoor 
sports, and is a member of Columbia Yacht 
Club, and the Horse Shoe Harbor Yacht Club 
of Larchmont, New York. He is commodore of 
the Sandy Hook Yacht Club, Atlantic High- 
lands. He also belongs to the New England 
Society of New York; Mecca Lodge of Shrin- 
ers ; the New York Motor Boat Club ; the Mu- 
sicians' Club of New York, and the New York 
Athletic Club. Was in the choir of the Church 
of Heavenly Rest (Protestant), Fifth avenue 
and Forty-fifth street. New York City, for five 
years up to the time of his marriage. He is a 
partner in the real estate firm of Taylor, Sher- 
man & Company, 500 Madison avenue. In 
politics he is a Republican. 

He married, December 14, 1904, Annette 
Haynes, born July 8, 1885, in New York City, 
daughter of Albro E. and Annette (Wagner) 
Haynes. Her maternal grandfather was the 
inventor of the Wagner sleeping cars. Her 
mother resides in New York City. They have 
no children. 

(The Olney Line). 

(I) Thomas Olney, the immigrant ances- 
tor, was born in Hertford, Hertfordshire, Eng- 
land, which city formed a part of the Parish 
of St. Albans, the seat of one of the most 
ancient monasteries and long celebrated in 



English history as the center of spiritual in- 
fluence. He received a "Permit to emigrate 
to New England," April 2, 1635, and came to 
Salem, Massachusetts, in the ship "Planter." 
He was appointed a surveyor in January, 1636, 
and granted forty acres of land at Jeffrey 
Creek, now known as Manchester, near Salem. 
He was made a freeman that same year, and 
early associated with those who accepted the 
peculiar views of Roger Williams. With a 
number of others he was e.xcluded from the 
colony March 12, 1658. Previous to this, how- 
ever, in company with Williams, he visited 
Xarragansett Bay while seeking some place 
where they might live outside the jurisdiction 
of Massachusetts Colony, and decided upon 
the west side of the Seekonk river. Accord- 
ingly, with eleven others, they formed a new 
settlement, at the head, of the bay, which they 
called Providence, in grateful remembrance 
of their deliverance from their enemies. They 
thus became the "Original Thirteen Proprie- 
tors of Providence," having purchased their 
rights from the Indians. In July, 1639, he 
and his wife and their companions were ex- 
cluded from the church at Salem, "because 
they wholly refused to hear the church, deny- 
ing it, and were rebaptized." His prominence 
in the colony is shown by the various services 
which he was called upon to perform. In 1638 
he was chosen the first treasurer; in 1647 he 
was chosen commissioner to form a town gov- 
ernment : in 1648 he was chosen assistant for 
Providence, and held the office almost contin- 
uously until 1663. In 1665, with Roger Will- 
iams and Thomas Harris, he was chosen a 
judge of the justices court. In 1658 he was 
chosen to treat with Massachusetts Bay about 
the Pawtuxet lands. In 1663 his name ap- 
pears among the grantees of the Royal Charter 
of Charles II. In the same year he was cho- 
sen assistant under the new charter. He was 
one of the founders of the First Baptist 
Church in Providence, and at one time was 
acting pastor, or minister. He was the leader 
in a schism in the church upon the question 
of "laying on of hands," about 1652-54. He 
was evidently a man of stern and decided 
opinions, who did not hesitate to advance his 
views among his neighbors. Of him, in his 
contemplation as a surveyor, it is said, "as he 
entered upon the surrounding lands with his 
field book, chain and compass and mystic 
words, with the peculiar dignity of official 
characters of that day, he may well have in- 
spired the Indians with profound awe and led 
them to feel that no Indian could henceforth 
dwell upon that part of their tribal property 
again." His homestead was located on North 
Main street, a short distance south of the 




yy. *y^^A^i/* 



1>CQMyOVC{yC^^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



66i 



State House, and what is now known as Ar- 
senal lane led through his land. The place 
of his burial was in the family ground at the 
rear of his dwellings. All that remained of the 
earlier members of the family was probably 
removed to the burial ground on Olney street, 
whence a second removal took place to make 
room for the church now occupying the spot. 
He was the possessor of a large real and per- 
sonal estate, and occupied one of the better 
houses in the Plantations. He was born in the 
year 1600, married in 163 1 to Marie Small, 
and died in 1682. Children : Thomas, men- 
tioned below; Epenetus, born 1634, in Eng- 
land; Nedebiah, 1637: Stephen, 1639-40; 
James, died October 17. 1676; RTary, born 
164 — ; Lydia, 1644. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (T) Ol- 
ney, was born in England in 1632 and came to 
America with his parents when a small child. 
In early life he became a leading man in the 
Rhode Island Colony, and was constantly en- 
gaged in public affairs. He was assistant in 
1669-7077-79. For thirty years he was a 
member of the town council, and frequently a 
member of the colonial assembly. Throughout 
a long term of years he was town clerk. In 
1668 he was ordained a minister, and became 
pastor of the First Baptist Church, which posi- 
tion he held until 1710 to 1715. He was an 
opponent of George Fox, a leading Quaker, 
who came from England and lived for some 
years in the colony. He criticized his methods 
and teachings in a document entitled "Ambi- 
tion Anatomized," the original of which may 
now be seen in the Rhode Island Historical 
Society. He owned a very large tract of land 
known as the Wenscot Farm, lying in what is 
now North Providence and Lincoln. A part 
of this remains in the possession of his de- 
scendants. He married, July 3, 1660, Eliza- 
beth March, of Newport. He died June 11, 
1722. Children: Thomas, born May 7, 1661 ; 
William, mentioned below; Elizabeth, Janu- 
ary 30, 1666; Anne, January 13, 1668; Phebe, 
September 15, 1675, at Newport. 

(III) William, son of Thomas (2) Olney, 
was born June 25, 1663, and married, Decem- 
ber 28, 1692, Catharine Sayles. He inherited 
from his father the south end of the Wenscot 
lands in North Providence. Children : William, 
born October 6, 1694; John, mentioned below ; 
Katharine, August 11, 1701 ; Thomas, April 
26, 1706; Deborah, July 30, 1708; Richard, 
November 4, 171 1 ; Lydia, July 7, 1714. 

(IV) John Olney, son of William Olney, 
was born May 9, 1699, ^'''d married, October 
25, 1722, Patience Jenkes. Children: Chris- 
topher, born May 3T, 1724; Lydia, August 26, 



1727: Gideon, mentioned below; John, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1733; Job, 1739. 

(V) Gideon, son of John Olney, was born 
June 28, 1729, and died 1798. He married 
Abigail Olney. His farm was on the road 
leading to Fruit Hill, in North Providence. 
Children, born in North Providence: Chris- 
topher. 1748; Nehemiah, 1750; Lydia, 1752; 
Wanton, 1755, died young; Elisha, 1756; 
Gideon, 1758; Jabez, mentioned below; Jenks, 
1763; Job, 1766; Moses, 1768. 

(VI) Jabez, son of Gideon Olney, was born 
in 1761, and died 1837. He married Hannah 
Pitcher. Children: Abigail, born 1783; Will- 
iam P., mentioned below ; Mary, Benjamin S., 
1792; Sally, October 7, 1789; Elisha, 1795; 
Julia, 1801. 

(VII) William P., son of Jabez Olney, was 
born May 4, 1788, and died in Providence, 
Rhode Island, 1856. He married, September 
I, 1808, Lydia Fenner. He was a man of 
large and successful business experience and 
widely known in that connection. Children, 
born in Providence: Hannah F., March 25, 
1809; William, May 14, 1812; Mary A., Jan- 
uary 15, 1815; Henry F., July 18, 1817, died 
April 2, 1823; James M., March 21, 1820, 
died March 10, 1823; Abby W., September 
10, 1824. died about 1904, at Pawtucket, mar- 
ried, December i, 1842, S. L. Sherman (see 
Sherman) ; James H., August 20, 1827, died 
February i, 1845. 



The name Woolsey was 
WOOLSEY spelled in the old records in 
many ways, as Wolsy, Woll- 
sey, Wolsi, Wilsie and Wiltze. 

(II) Rev. Benjamin Woolsey, son of 
Thomas Woolsey, was of Yarmouth, England. 

(III) George, son of Rev. Benjamin Wool- 
sey, was the immigrant ancestor. He was 
born in t6io, died in 1698. He came to Amer- 
ica in 1623-24, and one record says that he 
came first to New England, aged thirteen, and 
that he moved later to Albany, while another 
says that his father fled to Holland with the 
family during the religious persecutions and 
later joined his son in America. However, 
there is proof that George Woolsey settled 
among the early Dutch colonists in New Am- 
sterdam. He was in New Amsterdam in 1655. 
when there was a terrible outbreak of the In- 
dians, for about this time the baptism of his 
children took place in the old Dutch church 
there. In 1653 he was a cadet of the burgher 
guard of New Amsterdam. He was a mer- 
chant or trader there for many years. One 
record seems to show that he was connected 
with Isaac Allerton after the latter's quarrel 



662 



NEW ENGLAND. 



with Plymouth. About 1647 lie bought land 
at Flushing. Long Island, and in 1664, when 
New Amsterdam became New York, he bought 
land at Jamaica, Long Island, where he was 
one of the first inhabitants. In 1681 he was 
one of the signers of the petition to the Duke 
of York for a more liberal government. He 
lived in Jamaica for more than thirty years, 
and was prominent and respected by all ; he 
served as town clerk there and was called Mr. 

He married, December 9, 1647, Rebecca, 
daughter of Thomas Cornell, who came to 
Boston in 1636 with Roger Williams and Ann 
Hutchinson doubtless, as he was with them in 
New Amsterdam and Rhode Island; in 1646 
he had a grant at New Amsterdam and also 
about this time he received one hundred acres 
m Portsmouth, Rhode Island, which his de- 
scendants still own ; Mr. Winthrop says : 
"about this time the Indians set upon the Eng- 
lish who dwelt among the Dutch and killed 
such of Mr. Throckmorton's and Mr. Corn- 
hill's families as were at home ;" he escaped 
and went to Rhode Island where he remained 
until his death in 1655 ; he married Rebecca 
Briggs, who survived him and was murdered 
in her house at Portsmouth on February 8, 
1673, her son Thomas being charged with it, 
and although the evidence seems not to have 
been conclusive, he was executed for it. George 
Woolsey's will was proved at a court of com- 
mon pleas at Jamaica, September 22, 1698. 

{ IV) Thomas (2), son of George Woolsey, 
was born in 1655. He removed to Bedford, 
Westchester county. New York, and is the pro- 
genitor of the families of this surname in that 
section. Children : Richard, mentioned below ; 
William. Thomas. 

(V) Richard, son of Thomas (2) Wool- 
sey, was born in 1697, died in 1777. He mar- 
ried Sarah Fowler. Children: i. Richard, 
settled in \'ermont, and his son Richard was 
of Delaware county, New York. 2. Henry, 
killed by lightning. 3. Joseph, married Mary 
Haight and had Richard, of Seneca county, 
New York ; Joseph, of Cayuga county ; Jona- 
than, of New Castle, Delaware ; Daniel, of 

Bedford. 4. Mary, married Loton, of 

Albany. 5. Ruth, married Jacob Griffen, of 
Fishkill. 6. Hannah, married Joseph Sarles. 
.7. Josiah. mentioned below. 8. Thomas, set- 
tled in Virginia and had Simeon and Daniel, 
of Bedford. 9. Daniel, had Aaron and other 
children. 10. Benjamin, had Jeremiah and 
other children. 11. John, had John and 
Henry, of Ulster county, David, Rev. Elijah 
and Thomas. 12. Sarah, died in LHster county. 
The order of birth is not known. 

( \'II ) Josiah, son of Richard \\'oolsey, was 
horn in Westchester county, New York, about 



1735. He married Mary Owen. Children: 
Stephen, born 1759, lived in LHster county, 
New York; Thomas, born 1768, died 1839, 
lived at Bedford ; William, of Bedford, born 
1770, died 1836; Josiah, mentioned below. 

(\ II) Josiah (2), son of Josiah (i) Wool- 
sey, was born December 6, 1775, in Bedford, 
Westchester county, New York. He settled 
in that town, and died there June 2, 1861. He 

married Abigail , born May 11, 1773, 

died September 25, 1854. Children: James, 
born August 7, 1798, died September 25, 1876; 
Henry, mentioned below ; Levi, June 6, 1802, 
died October 20, 1821 ; Pamelia, June 6, 1804, 

(lied November 24, 1899, married Lit- 

tell ; Harriet, January 18, 1806, died January 
21, 1885, married Hoyt; William, Jan- 
uary 25, 1810, died June 24, 1895. 

(Vlil) Henry, son of Josiah (2) Wool- 
sey, was born February i, 1800, died Novem- 
ber 6, 1886. He was of Bedford, Westchester 

county. New York. He married 

. Children : James Henry, mentioned 

below; John, of Scranton, unmarried; , 

married Andrew Johnson; Fanny, married 

Moore and resides at Otisville, New 

York ; , married Henry Putnam and 

lives in Scranton. 

( IX ) James Henry, son of Henry Woolsey, 
was born in Bedford, New York, about 1830, 
died June 6, 1898. He was educated in the 
public schools. He was a carpenter and 
builder in later years at Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he established the business now 
conducted by his son. He married Jane 
Couch, born in Sullivan county. New York, 
in 1832, died in 1882. Children, born at Scran- 
ton ; George, now deceased ; Judson Boyce, 
mentioned below ; Harry Jerome, born in 1864 ; 
Nellie, born in 1868, married Schuyler C. 
Gernon, of Scranton, and has one child, Dor- 
othy Gernon ; William, now deceased. 

(X) Judson Boyce, son of James Henry 
Woolsey, was born at Scranton. Pennsylvania, 
June 25, 1862. He attended the public schools 
of his native town, the Scranton high school 
and the Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, 
Pennsylvania. After completing his course in 
the academy he became associated with his 
father in business, and he has continued as a 
builder and contractor in his native city to the 
present time with notable success. He is a 
member of L^nion Lodge, No. 291, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Scranton, and is past 
junior warden of that lodge. He is also a 
member of Lackawanna Chapter, No. 185, 
Royal Arch Masons ; of Scranton Council, No. 
44, Royal and Select Masters ; of Irem Tem- 
ple, Mystic Shrine, of Wilkes-Barre ; of Me- 
lita Commandery, No. 68, Knights Templar, 



NEW ENGI.AXD. 



663 



of Scranton ; of Keystone Consistory, and he 
has taken all the degrees of Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry, including the thirty-second degree. He 
is past eminent commander of Melita Com- 
mandery. He is a member of the Temple Club 
of Scranton, a Masonic organization, and of 
the New England Society of Northeast Penn- 
sylvania. In politics he is independent, and in 
religion non-sectarian. He resides at No. 502 
Madison avenue, Scranton. He is unmarried. 



The name of Collins has long 
COLLINS been identified with the history 

of Connecticut and is still prom- 
inent in the industries of the state. There were 
several representatives of the name early in 
New England, and it is found in connection 
with the social, moral and material develop- 
ment of that region, whence it has extended to 
many states of the LInion. 

(I) John Collins, English ancestor of this 
family, lived in London and Brampton, county 
Suffolk, England, where he died and was bur- 
ied. He married Abigail Rose, who was bur- 
ied at Eiraintree, county Devon. Children: I. 

Edward, married Martha ; came to New 

England prior to 1640 and settled in Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts. 2. John, mentioned be- 
low. 3. Daniel, married Sibyl Francklyn, of 
London, where he was a merchant; died 1043. 
4. Samuel, vicar of Braintree, county Essex, 
England. 5. Abigail, married (first) Samuel 
Bidle, (second) William Thompson, of New 
England. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) Collins, was 
born in England about 1616. He came to New 
England and resided in Boston and Braintree 
prior to 1650. He was admitted to the Boston 
church, April 4, 1646, and was admitted a free- 
man, May 6, 1646. He was a member of "The 
Honorable Artillery Company" of Boston in 
1644, an organization still in active existence 
in 1897. He had a grant of land at Braintree, 
and was active and prominent in the colony. 

He married, in England, Susannah , 

prior to 1640. Children : John, mentioned be- 
low ; Susannah, born March 24, 1643 ; Thomas, 
September s, 1645; Elizabeth, April 8, 1648. 

(III) John (3), son of John (2) Collms. 
was born in Boston, Massachusetts, about 1640, 
died at Guilford, Connecticut, December 10, 

I 1704. He went to Guilford in 1669, having 
previously been in Branford, and purchased 

i John Stevens' house and land, and was made 
planter, February 13, 1670-71. He was one of 

'' the patentees named in the charter of 1685, 
granted by the Connecticut government. He 
served as a townsman and as school teacher as 
late as 1702. He was chosen to teach the gram- 
mar school in September, 1682, and allowed 



thirty pounds a year, to be paid in produce. 
He married (first), in 1662, Mary Trowbridge, 
who died at Branford, Connecticut, in 1667. 
He married (second), June 2, 1889, at Kings- 
north, a sister of Henry Kingsnorth, of Guil- 
ford. He married (third), March 6, 1699, 
Dorcas (Swain) Taintor, who died in May, 
1724, daughter of Samuel Swain and widow of 
John Taintor. Children, all by first wife: 
Mary, born 1663 ; John mentioned below ; Rob- 
ert, 166)7. 

( IV) John (4), son of John (3) and Mary 
(Trowbridge) Collins, was born at Saybrook, 
Connecticut, in 1665, died January 4, 1751. 
He married, June 23, 1691, Ann Leete, born 
August 5, 1671, daughter of John and Mary 
(Chittenden) Leete, and granddaughter of 
Governor William Leete, who was governor of 
the colony of New Haven, 1661-65, and after- 
wards governor of Connecticut from 1676 to 
1683. Mrs. Collins died November 2, 1724. 
Children: Ann, born May 9, 1692, died Octo- 
ber II, 1745; Mary, April 11, 1694, died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1729; John, February 23, 1697; Tim- 
othy, died young: Timothy, born April 13, 
1699, died February 7, 1777; Daniel, mention- 
ed below; Susannah, September 25, 1703, died 
October 5, 1703; Samuel, November 2, 1704, 
died December 6, 1784; Mercy, January 19, 
1707; Oliver, October 18, 1710, died February 
20, 1788; Avis, April i, 1714, died November 
I, 1754: Eunice. 

(V) Daniel, son of John (4) Collins, was 
born at Guilford, Connecticut, June 13, 1701. 
He married, June 15, 1725, Lois Cornwall, 
born at Middletown, Connecticut. 1702, bap- 
tized February 18, 1702. daughter of William 
Cornwall, of Hartford and Middletown. Chil- 
dren: Anne, born February 23, 1726, died July 
20, 1760; William, mentioned below; Lorrain, 
January I. 1731, died April 19, 1794; Free- 
love, November 30, 1732; Avis, July 21, 1734; 
Rev. Daniel, January 30, 1738, died August 26, 
1822, graduated at Yale College and was pas- 
tor of the church at Lanesboro, Massachusetts ; 
Zeriah, February 28, 1740; Demetrius, Decem- 
ber 6, 1741, died January 15, 1742; General 
Augustus, August 7, 1743, died April 30, 1813, 
was in the revolution; Ruth, July 4, 1745, died 
June 8, 1775. 

(V'l) William, son of Daniel Collins, was 
born March 10, 1728, died April 12, 1775. He 
married, March 25, 1758. Ruth, born Septem- 
ber 8, 1738, died June -9, 1790, daughter of 
Aaron Cook, of Wallingford, Connecticut. She 
married (second) Deacon Samuel Street. Chil- 
dren: Lorrain, born August 3, 1759; William, 
mentioned below: Aaron Cook, May 4, 1762, 
died 1830. attended Yale College; Daniel. Sep- 
tember 25, 1763, died June 2, 1895; Samuel, 



664 



NEW ENGLAND. 



July II, 1765, died July 4, 1840; Ruth, March 
22, 1767; Lucy, baptized April 7, 1768, died 
December 2, 1823. 

(VII) William (2), son of William (i) 
Collins, was born October 9, 1760, died April 
19, 1847. When only seventeen years of age 
he enlisted for the revolutionary war under 
Captain Humphrey, in Colonel Jonathan Meigs' 
regiment. He served eight months in the mi- 
litia, and in 1779 served with his uncle, Au- 
gustus Collins, who was a major, serving as 
brigade-major under Brigadier-General Ward. 
He subscribed the first five hundred dollars 
given to establish Illinois College. He was a 
deacon in the church at Litchfield, under the 
ministry of Lyman Beecher, and his fellow 
deacon was Major Talmadge, who had served 
on General Washington's staf?. He conducted 
a farm in Litchfield, but after his removal to 
Illinois, in 1822, did not attempt to conduct 
any kind of business. He married, at Morris 
Point, near New Haven, Connecticut, Febru- 
ary 10, 1783, Esther, born October 24, 1763, 
died at Collinsville, Illinois, January 3, 1834, 
daughter of Amos Morris. In 1783 they set- 
tled in Litchfield, Connecticut. Children : Eliza, 
born January 9, 1784; William M., March 18, 
1786, died February 26, 1788; Amos Morris, 
mentioned below; Almira, July 13, 1790; Au- 
gustus, January 13, 1793; Anson, February 2, 
1795; Michael, May 17, 1797; Maria, June 9, 
1799; William Burrage, November 6, 1801 ; 
Frederick, February 24, 1804. 

(VIII) Amos Morris, son of William (2) 
Collins, was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, 
March 30, 1788. In 1810 he started in busi- 
ness in Blandford, Massachusetts, as a mer- 
chant, and in a few years had turned into new 
channels the industry of that and large por- 
tions of the surrounding towns. In 1819 he 
removed to Hartford, Connecticut, and in 1821 
erected the building which at the time of his 
death was occupied by Collins Brothers & 
Company, in Asylum street. At the time he 
built there he was ridiculed for going so far 
out of the way, but time proved that he had 
made no mistake. He retired from the mer- 
cantile business in 1842, leaving it in charge of 
his sons. Mr. Collins was always actively in- 
terested in the advancement of his home city, 
and vigorously aided plans for its improve- 
ment and prosperity. At the time of the pro- 
posed extension into the Farmington valley of 
the Hartford & Providence railroad, he was 
chairman of the committee on subscriptions. 
He subscribed for as much stock as his means 
would permit, and personally superintended 
much of the work. He was a member of the 
common council several years. He was elect- 
ed mayor in 1843, reelected in 1845, ^"d de- 



clined a third term which he was urged to 
accept. At the proposed erection of the Hart- 
ford high school he was appointed chairman 
of the building committee, and with a few 
others contributed liberally. He became large- 
ly responsible for its success. He was a zeal- 
ous worker for the temperance cause, from 
1826, and made excellent speeches in nearly 
every neighborhood about Hartford for the 
advancement of the cause. He was an anti- 
slavery man from the first, when agitation 
made a man unpopular. He ran once or twice 
on the ticket of the Free Soilers. In religious 
matters Mr. Collins had decided views, and 
would clearly and strongly express them. He 
was deacon of the church under Rev. Dr. 
Bushnell, and in the troubles that befell the 
church arising from charges of heresy concern- 
ing its pastor, Mr. Collins, with two other 
members, were among the first to foresee the 
course to be pursued. In a paper addressed 
by him to the Hartford Central Association, 
Mr. Collins said : "We think it necessary to 
take the position of an independent church 
* * * and have therefore withdrawn from our 
connection with the Consociation with which 
we united in our infancy." Mr. Collins died 
November 10, 1858, and his pastor said of him : 

Deacon A. M. Collins was one of the few men or 
Christians who require to be noted as specialties. 
He was among the land-mark characters of our 
city, and a man so positive in every sphere of action 
or council that the void which is made by his death 
will be deeply felt, and for a long time to come. 
There is almost nothing here that has not some- 
how felt his power, nothing good which has not 
somehow profited by his beneficence. Banks, sav- 
ings institutions, railroads, the singular anomaly 
of a large wholesale dry-goods trade which distin- 
guishes Hartford as an inland city, the city coun- 
cils and improvements, the city missions and Sun- 
day schools, the Asylum for the Dumb, the Re- 
treat for the Insane, the High School, the Alms- 
house, three at least of the churches, almost every- 
thing public, in fact, has his counsel, impulse, char- 
acter, beneficence, and what is more, if possible, 
his real work, incorporated in it. Whole sections 
of the city are changed by him. But the church 
was dearest to him of all * * *. There was never 
a better man to support and steady a Christian 
pastor. * * ■■■ I loved him as a friend, as what 
brother did not? I took him for my best counsel, 
I leaned on him as a prop. Who can estimate the 
value of such a man? 

Mr. Collins' benevolence was systematic. For 
about twenty years before his death, he had 
taken the resolve not to lay up property, and 
he aided all the great societies of Christian 
beneficence. He and his wife united by letter 
with the First Church at Hartford, then under 
Dr. Hawes. He was one of the founders of 
the North Church and was chosen deacon at 
its organization in 1824, retaining that office 
until his death. 




^L-<tU^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



665 



Mr. Collins married, April 30, 181 1, Mary, 
daughter of Colonel Moses Lyman, of Goshen, 
Connecticut. Children: William Lyman, born 
February 10, 1812; Morris, October 18, 1813; 
Erastus, February 10, 1815; Charles, mention- 
ed below ; Edward, November 15, 1820; Maria 
Elizabeth, November 25, 1822 ; Henry, January 
7, 1827; Mary Frances, January 13, 1829. 

(IX) Charles, fourth son of Amos Morris 
and Mary (Lyman) Collins, was born April 

2, 1817, in Blandford, Massachusetts. Two 
years later he went with his parents to Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, when they settled and he 
met his future wife, Mary Hall, daughter of Eli- 
phalet and Lydia (Coit) Terry. Her father was 
also a descendant of John Collins, of Bramp- 
ton, England, through his oldest son, Edward, 
who came to New England about the same 
time as his brother John, and purchased in 
1638 the old historic "Cradock House" at Med- 
ford, Massachusetts, built for Matthew Cra- 
dock, the first governor of the "Company of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England," but 
was not occupied by him, as he never came to 
this country. Mary Hall Terry was born June 

3, 1820, baptized in the Centre Congregational 
Oiurch, by Rev. Dr. Hawes, and September i, 
1840, was married to Charles Collins by the 
Rev. Horace Bushnell, D. D., who baptized 
all their children, and performed the marriage 
ceremony for their daughter Lydia, being the 
first instance of the kind in his ministry. Mr. 
Collins was educated in Hartford, and did not 
go to college, a fact which caused him deep 
regret in later years ; for he had a keen taste 
for literature, was an easy speaker in public, 
and a fluent writer, even at an early age, as 
evidenced by poems dedicated to "Mary Terry." 
He united with the North Church and became 
one of its deacons under the pastorate of Dr. 
Bushnell, with whom he formed a close and 
lifelong friendship. He was active and effi- 
cient in the movement to promptly witlidraw 
the church from the "Consociation," to prevent 
the "silencing" of the pastor who has been 
charged with heresy. He was greatly inter- 
ested in the enterprise for the formation of 
Bushnell Park, and in the preparation of the 
prospectus, in picture form, which was dis- 
tributed at the home of the community. In 
later years when Dr. Bushnell was suffering 
from ill health, Mr. Collins was the author of 
the letter, of which the following is an extract, 
written to the pastor, and signed by members 
of the congregation : 

Whether you are able to preach or compelled to 
be silent: to lead in public worship or to be absent 
from our meetings, we still desire to feel that the 
relation, which has existed for a quarter of a cen- 
tury, will cease only at your death. 



In i860 this loved pastor wrote to him: "If 
I were to sleep as long as Rip Van Winkle, I 
should wake up asking for you." In 1855 Mr. 
Collins moved into the house built for him, on 
the hill overlooking the city and near the old 
resevoir. He opened a road in front of his 
house, which he first called Myrtle avenue, but 
after giving it to the city it was named for him, 
Collins street. Later it was continued out on 
the hill, running parallel with Asylum avenue, 
and behind his brothers' estates. Mr. Collins 
served on the common council, and several 
petitions for public improvements bore his 
signature. His business career began with his 
father in the firm of A. M. Collins & Sons, 
later he was connected as senior partner with 
Collins, Kellogg & Kirby, wholesale dry goods 
merchants of St. Louis, Missouri, of whom the 
Evening News of that city, under date of Sep- 
tember 15, 1853, prints the following: 

About ten years ago, when the city had not far 
from 20,000 inhabitants, the house bearing the above 
name had its origin among us. Its proprietors 
were prudent, fair-dealing, honorable and lenient. 
They studied merchandize as a science, and they 
studied human nature with it. They oppressed no 
man who bought of them, and proved unfortunate. 
They leaned to the charitable view of things always 
and judged no man harshly, 

Mr. Collins was owner of The Granite Mills 
at Glastonbury, Connecticut, for the manu- 
facture of white goods. At the time of the 
great rebellion, his property being principally 
in cotton, it was immediately atifected by con- 
ditions arising out of the civil war. He soon 
found himself bereft of his capital and obliged, 
in middle age, to make a fresh start. With 
indomitable courage, and the true Christian 
fortitude H'hich had characterized his New 
England ancestors, he went to New York City, 
where he established the dry goods commission 
business of Collins, Atwater & Whiten. It was 
said of him there, that — "He was well known 
in the business circles of New York for his 
staunch integrity, the high tone of his char- 
acter, and his wise conduct of alTairs." Under 
such conditions the firm soon held a place 
among the leading houses of the city. He was 
able to retrieve his fortunes, and to retire in 
1878, leaving a successful business in which his 
son Clarence succeeded him. 

After removing with his family permanently 
to the city in 1864, Mr. Collins and his wife 
united with the Madison Square Presbyterian 
Church, under the pastorate of the Rev. Will- 
iam Adams, D. D., where for fourteen years 
he was a ruling elder, and also was a member 
of the Presbytery. He was one of the struck 
jurors impaneled on the case of the memorable 
:?i, 000,000 suit against William M. Tweed; 



666 



XEW ENGLAND. 



serving with him on the jury was another New 
England man, JuHus N. Catlin, also from Hart- 
ford, Connecticut. 

Mr. Collins was a great lover of nature, fond 
of fine horses and dogs. It was his desire to 
indulge these tastes and come closer in touch 
with country life that led him to retire from 
active business and remove to the banks of the 
Hudson, where he made his home near the 
lesidence of William Allen Butler, the lawyer 
and poet, who has written of him : "Mr. Col- 
lins was a man of fine presence and native 
grace of demeanor, a gentleman to whose bear- 
ing the elder and the later schools of manner 
alike gave their best touches of refinement." 

And, to quote from another tribute: "He 
was a man of active mind and fluent speech, 
* * * an enthusiastic advocate of new and 
rational theologic thought * * *. The writer 
remembers well the animation and eloquence 
with which he stated and defended the thought 
of his pastor when he was under suspicion of 
heretical opinion." 

In Yonkers he was active in religious work : 
united with the First Presbyterian Church, and 
was for several years superintendent of its 
Sunday school, giving much attention to the 
service and music for the children ; he com- 
piled a little book, named "Precept and Praise," 
which he had published for their use. He was 
also much interested in genealogical research, 
and in furthering the publishing of New Eng- 
land records for perpetuating the memory of 
men and women who had lived unselfishly, 
true to thtir religious convictions, and loyal to 
their country in peace and war ; believing such 
heritage to be an inalienable legacy to future 
generations, in a land where personal worth 
and nobility of character are the insignia of 
rank. 

Children of Charles and Mary Hall (Terry) 
Collins: i. Lydia Coit, married, 1864, William 
Piatt Ketcham ; children : Arthur Collins, who 
married Margaret Bruce Allen, and had chil- 
dren, William, Treadwell, Margaret Bruce and 
Arthur Collins Jr. ; Mary V. W. Ketcham, 
married Thomas Hunt Talmage, December, 
1890, and had two children, Thomas Hunt Jr. 
and Lillian; Ethel Miriam Ketcham. 2. Rev. 
Charles Terry, bom October 14, 1845, died 
December, 1883; married Mary A. Wood; had 
three sons: Charles, partner of the firm of 
Allen & Collins, architects, in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts ; Clarence Lyman, residing at 2095 
Central Road, Cleveland, Ohio; Arthur Morris, 
in business in this city, but living at 1320 
W^atching avenue, Plainfield, New Jersey. " 3. 
Clarence Lyman, born February 22, 1848. 4. 
Arthur Mor'-is, born July 10, 185 1, died Janu- 
ary 3, 1861. 5. Louise Terry, married, Octo- 



ber I, 1884, William Allen Butler Jr., son of 
William Allen and Mary Russell (Marshall) 
Butler, and had five children : William Allen 
3rd, born January 7, 1886; Lyman Collins, 
born January 2, 1888, Charles Terry Collins, 
born September 20, 1889; Lydia Coit, born 
November 19, 1891 ; Louise Tracy, born Octo- 
ber 23, 1891. 

The sudde-; death of his eldest son, the Rev. 
Charles Terry Collins, in 1883, was a shock 
from which he never entirely recovered. A 
year after ce'ebrating his golden wedding, on 
November 30, 1891, "his long life of honorable 
usefulness and rare domestic happiness was 
closed by a peaceful and painless death, in the 
seventy-fifth year of his age." His wife sur- 
vived him nine years, and died May 10, 1900. 
Mr. Collins was laid to rest in the beautiful 
Cedfr Hill cemetery in Hartford, the last of 
the four brothers to gather round the tall shaft 
which marked the family burial plot. This 
would seem a fitting place to quote the tribute 
paid to the Collins name by a fellow towns- 
man, I'nited States Senator Dixon: 

In speaking of the men of Hartford who give 
character and reputation to that city he said, "Yes, 
sir, the Messrs. Collins of Hartford are indeed 
among our best and most influential citizens, men 
whose word pledged to-day, for the accomplish- 
ment of a given purpose to-morrow — if they live — 
is looked upon by us all, as good as their written 
legal obligation. Men, sir, who talk and act so up- 
rightly that we feel if all the world were like them, 
— Father and sons, — there would be no occasion 
for human law, for they are among that class who 
in their dealings and intercourse with their fellow 
men seem to be guided by the divine command 
to love their neighbors as they do themselves." 

(X) Clarence Lyman, second son of Charles 
and Mary H. (Terry) Collins, was born Feb- 
ruary 22, 1848, in Hartford, Connecticut. He 
was educated in the public and private schools 
of that city and the College Hill Military 
School of Poughkeepsie, New York, from 
which he was graduated in 1867, the youngest 
of his class. He began his business career 
with Richards & Collins, which subsequently 
became Collins, Atwater & Whitin, later Col- 
lins, Whitin & Company, of which last-named 
firm he was a member. This was later known 
as Collins, Ray & Company. These various 
firms were representatives of cotton mills in 
the eastern and southern states. He is a mem- 
ber of the New York Chamber of Commerce, 
the Metropolitan Museum of Art, National 
Sculpture Society, Trade and Transportation 
Society, Society for the Preservation of Scenic 
and Historic Places and Objects, Circle of 
Friends of the Madeline, the New England 
Society of New York, the Society of Colonial 
Wars (a descendant of Governor William 



NEW ENGLAND. 



667 



Bradford), the Founders and Patriots Society, 
Sons of the American Revolution, the New 
York Yacht Club, Larchmont Yacht Club, a 
life member of the Lambs Club, member of the 
American Trotting Horse Association, and the 
Morgan Horse Club. Politically Mr. Collins 
is an Independent. He maintains a summer 
home in the Adirondacks, at Horicon, Warren 
county. New York. 

Mr. Collins married, October 12, 1870, Louise, 
born August 1848, daughter of Horace F. and 
Louise (Vanderbilt) Clark. Their children: 
I. Edith Lyman, born September 18, 1871 ; 
married (first) Count Richard Czaykowski, of 
Poland, and has two children, Whadimir and 
Stanislas; married (second) Etienne Marquis 
de Waleissye. 2. Maud, born October 14, 
1872, died August 4, 1873. 



Peter Goulding, immigrant 
GOULDING ancestor, came from Eng- 
land, probably from Ship- 
dam, six miles from Norwich. He was a de- 
scendant of Rev. Thomas Goulding, who was 
co-executor to the bishop of Norwich. He 
was a saddler by trade, but seems to have been 
an attorney at law with a considerable prac- 
tice in the courts. He was not a Puritan, 
never took the oath of fidelity, nor joined the 
church. He was a man of morality, as his 
Puritan critics described his virtues of talent 
and rare enterprise and courage. By marriage 
he was connected with the aristocratic families 
of the colony. Fie was in Virginia in 1667. 
He is said to have become one of the earliest 
anti-slavery men of Massachusetts, after vis- 
iting his brother in the south. In 1670 he was 
attorney for Joseph Deakin, of Boston, in a 
suit against Thomas Jenner, mariner, for the 
recovery of a negro slave to the sale of whom 
three years before in Virginia he testified. His 
writing is mentioned as beautiful, and as more 
than a generation in advance of his New Eng- 
land contemporaries. He had a serious differ- 
ence with the Suffolk county court and was 
prosecuted and fined "for charges that he di- 
vulged against the court and clerk of Suft'olk 
county." In consequence, October 18, 1681, 
he addressed a complaint and petition to the 
general court, but instead of sustaining his 
appeal the general court sentenced him to make 
public acknowledgment of his fault, to satisfy 
the court, or pay a fine of twenty pounds to 
tlie treasurer of the colony. They accepted, 
however, a very ambiguous and dubious ac- 
knowledgment, and the fine was remitted. He 
bought of Isaac Negus, April 11, 1682, two hun- 
dred acres of land north of the Merrimac river, 
on Beaver Brook creek. He was also interested 
in the second attempt to settle Worcester in 



1693, and bought the town rights of Thomas 
Hill. He probably took up his residence there, 
remaining until the settlement was the second 
time broken up. He had several grants of 
land in Worcester, and his son Palmer revived 
his claim to one hundred and fifty-seven acres 
when the third settlement was made in 1713, 
and the claim was allowed. The family has 
been prominent in Worcester ever since. He 
was also the owner of three thousand and 
twenty acres in Hassanamesset (Grafton), 
which at that time was included in the south 
part of Worcester. In 1694, when he left 
Worcester at the time the settlement was aban- 
doned, he went to Sudbury, where he died in 
1703, eleven years before the successful set- 
tlement of the former town. He was only a 
sojourner in Sudbury, expecting to return to 
Worcester. He was a cordwainer as well as 
a farmer. 

He married (first) Jane , who was 

the mother of three and probably of five of 
his children. He married (second) Sarah 
Palmer, sister of Hon. Thomas Palmer, of 
Boston, and Palmer became in succeeding 
generations a common name for the sons. 
Children: i. Peter, recorded in Boston, in list, 
1665, died young. 2. Mary, born January 21, 
1665-66, died young. 3. Francis, February 
22, 1667-68 ; probably died young. 4. Martha, 
born, probably in Virginia ; married John 
Smith, of Hadley. 5. Elizabeth, October 6, 
1673 • married \\'illiam Jenison, of Charles- 
town ; settled in Sudbury and Worcester. 6. 
VVinsor, March 3. 1674-75. 7. Thomas, Jan- 
uary 2, 1677, 8. Sarah, August 19, 1679. 9. 
John, captain, born probably near Merrimac, 
Massachusetts, 1682: married, 1705, Abigail 
Curtis. ID. Jane, born in Boston, January 16, 
1683-84. II. Mercy, Boston, September 8, 
1786. 12. Peter, born probably at Worcester. 
13. Abigail, probably at Worcester. 14. Ara- 
bella, at Sudbury or Worcester. 15. Captain 
Palmer, mentioned below. 

( II ) Captain Palmer Goulding, son of Peter 
Goulding, was born probably in Sudbury, 1695, 
died February 11, 1777, buried on the Worces- 
ter common, then the burying ground of the 
town. He removed from Sudbury to Worces- 
ter in 1728. He sold some land here in 1722, 
and October i, 1723, bought twelve hundred 
and six acres in the southern part of Worces- 
ter. He built his house where the Fourth Con- 
gregational Church stood later, near Front 
street, and carried on a varied and extensive 
business as tanner, shoemaker, curer of hams, 
maltster, etc. His house was used in 1732 as 
a school, Richard Rogers, teacher. He was on 
the committee to seat the meeting, an impor- 
tant duty then. He was constable 1726-27- 



668 



NEW ENGLAND. 



28-29; selectman 1730-31-37; treasurer, 1738; 
assessor, 1732-33-34. He dealt in land ex- 
tensively in Worcester. He had a fine military 
record. He was at the capture of Louisburg, 
June 17, 1745, in command of a company. Feb- 
ruary 24, 1750, he and William Johnson bought 
one hundred and thirty-seven acres on the 
shore of Lake Ouinsigamond. He married, 
at Concord, Massachusetts, December 4, 1721, 
Abigail Rice, who died at Holden, aged sev- 
enty. Children: i. Palmer, born February 18, 
1723, died January 30, 1792; married Abigail 
Haywood. 2. Abigail, September 24, 1724, 
died May 17, 1736. 3. Colonel John, October 
3, 1726, died November 22, 1791 ; married 
Lucy Brooks. 4. Millicent, November 12 or 
25, 1728, died unmarried, August 9, 1813; tal- 
ented teacher, once a Shaker. 5. Zurvilla or 
Trovilla, December 25, 1729; married Corne- 
lius Stowell. 6. Winsor, December 4, 1732; 
married Elizabeth Rice. 7. Ignatius, mentioned 
below. 8. Peter, born in Worcester, December 
30, 1736, died July 17, 1790; married Lucy 
Brewer. 9. Abel, March 4, 1738, died Decem- 
ber 6, 1817; married Keziah Johnson, of 
Shrewsbury. 10. Elizabeth, May "i, 1741, died 
unmarried. 11. Patty, married John Miller. 

(HI) Ignatius, son of Captain Palmer 
Goulding, was born September 6, 1734, at 
Worcester, died at Phillipston, Worcester 
county, Massachusetts, November 5, 1814. He 
was a carpenter and followed his trade in 
Worcester. In 1791 he was the builder of 
the Second Congregational (First Unitarian) 
Church at Lincoln Square. He married. May 
9, 1758, Elizabeth Goodwin, of Reading, Massa- 
chusetts, born December 28, 1735, died Febru- 
ary 17, 1817, at Phillipston. Children, born at 
Worcester: i. Elizabeth, May 31, 1759; mar- 
ried Jason Gleason. 2. Patty, January 20, 
1761 ; married Jonathan Moore, "of Holden. 
3. John Rice, November 12, 1762. 4. James, 
December 24, 1764; married, August 4, 1791, 
Azubah Fish. 5. Molly, September i, 1766, 
died February 13, 1787. 6. William, mentioned 
below. 7. Lydia, April 16, 1770. 8. Lucretia, 
March 5, 1772, died 1854 at Jacksonville, Illi- 
nois. 9. Colonel Ignatius, August 5, 1774, died 
1841 ; married Abigail Dana. 

(IV) William, son of Ignatius Goulding, 
was born at Worcester, June 11, 1768, died 
April 10, 1828. He was educated in the district 
schools, and in 1807 removed to Phillipston, 
Massachusetts. He married, in Worcester, 
November 18, 1790. Lucretia, born March 26, 
1767, died October, 1850, daughter of Deacon 
David Bigelow, of Worcester, a relative of 
Colonel Timothy Bigelow, of revolutionary 
fame. Children, born at Worcester: i. Lydia, 
October 22, 1791 ; married, November 28, 1814, 



James Baker. 2. William James, January 3, 
1794, died July 7, 1808. 3. Lucretia, March 18* 
1796; married, April 13, 1814, Thomas Brooks,' 
and lived at Stamford, Vermont. 4. Elizabeth 
January 26, 1798; married. May 16, 1822, Asa 
Morse, and lived at Petersham. 5. Charles, 
mentioned below. 6. Loren, February i, 1802; 
married, January 8, 1829, Sophia Earl, born 
November 5, 1802, and lived at Oswego, New 
York. 7. Dr. Pliny, born August 25, 1803; 
married, July 22, 1830, Catharine Fox, and 
settled at Plainfield, New York, where he died 
September 8, 1836; children: David F., born 
August 22, 1831, died 1855; Franklin, October 
--. '^^Zi' died 1836; Lucretia, November 21, 
1835, died 1853. 8. Franklin, October 5, 1805, 
died December 15, 1806. 9. Franklin, Novem- 
ber 5, 1807, died February 9, 1832. 10. Nancy 
Bigelow, August 22, 1809; married (first) 
June 10, 1835, William Hinds, (second) Lewis 
P. Howe, and lived at Orange. 11. Dr. Will- 
iam James, September 5, 181 1, died November 
22, 1841, at New Orleans; settled first at 
Oswego, New York ; removed in 1838 to Little 
Rock, Arkansas, after being seized with con- 
sumption ; "his whole conduct and conversation 
with us were such as to leave an impression of 
his uncommon worth." (Morse). The two 
younger children were born at Phillipston. 

( \' ) Charles, son of William Goulding, was 
born at Worcester, November 7, 1799. He 
was educated in the public schools, and became 
an inventor and mechanic of uncommon skill 
and ability. In 1850 he invented an elevated 
railroad system and came with his models and 
plans to New York City, bearing a letter from 
the governor of Massachusetts to Peter Cooper, 
and spent several months without success in 
the attempt to secure the capital for building 
a railroad there. His home was in Worcester 
and West Boylston. Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried, March 15, 1821, Roxanna Learned. 
Among their children was William Franklin, 
mentioned below. 

(VI) William Franklin, son of Charles 
Goulding, was born at West Boylston. He 
was educated in the public schools. He learned 
the trade of machinist in Worcester and be- 
came a mechanical engineer. At one time he 
was overseer in a cotton mill. He was agent 
of the Lewiston Mills at Lewiston, Maine. 
During the civil war he was superintendent of 
the Spencer Repeating Rifle Company. He 
invented the Goulding Drop Press and took 
out patents in partnership with Frank Cheney, 
of Manchester, Connecticut. At one time he 
was superintendent of the Franklin Iron 
Works. In 1870 he was the representative of 
the New England Manufacturers' Association 
to advocate an impost duty on imported 



NEW ENGLAND. 



669 



machinery and presented the case to the con- 
gressional committee in charge of tariff legis- 
lation. He died at Lewiston, Maine, where he 
was agent of the Androscoggin Cotton Mills. 
From the plans of John Ericsson, who planned 
the "Monitor," he built the first Caloric engine. 
At one time he was superintendent of the Sam- 
uel Lewis Company at Naugatuck, Connecti- 
cut, manufacturing rubber boots and shoes. 
He married Martha Ann, born in 1820, died 
in 1877, daughter of John and Clarissa Glea- 
son, of Webster, Massachusetts, and Thomp- 
son, Connecticut. Children: i. William James, 
mentioned below. 2. George Kossuth, born 
October, 1851, died October, 1897, leaving a 
son George Albert and daughter Florence. 3. 
Charles, born at Naugatuck, died in infancy. 
4. Franklin, born at Groton, Massachusetts, 
November, 1859, now living at Halldale ave- 
nue, Los Angeles, California, having one son, 
Frederick William. 

( VH) William James, son of William Frank- 
lin Goulding, was born at Webster, Massachu- 
setts, August 24, 1845. He was educated in 
the public schools at Naugatuck, Connecticut, 
and at a private school at Groton Junction, 
Massachusetts, where he lived with his parents 
until 1862. Then he moved to Providence, 
Rhode Island, and attended the high school 
and the Bryant & Stratton Business College. 
He learned the trade of machinist and worked 
in the Hope Iron Foundry and Machinery 
Company's plant. Subsequently he entered 
the employ of the Howard Watch & Clock 
Company of Boston as a toolmaker. Return- 
ing to Providence he was employed by the 
American Eyelet Company and was sent to 
Europe by that concern to demonstrate their 
machines in 1866. L'pon his return from 
Europe he worked in the Brown & Sharp 
factory as toolmaker until January, 1869, when 
he became superintendent of the Morse Twist 
Drill Company of New Bedford, Massachu- 
setts, with which he remained until 1873. In 
that year he accepted a position as traveling 
salesman for the Brown & Sharpe Company. 
Afterward he was for a time a draughtsman 
for the George Draper Company, manufac- 
turers of mill machinery at Hopedale, Massa- 
chusetts. He succeeded his father as agent of 
the Lewiston mills at Lewiston, Maine, and 
remained there until 1875 when he returned 
to Providence, where for a short time he was 
occupied in the manufacture and sale of wool 
and extracts. He returned to the employ of 
the Brown & Sharpe Company. In January, 
1880, he became manager of Leonard & Ellis, 
of Boston, dealers in the products of pe.troleum 
oil, and in 189 1 he came to New York as assist- 
ant to the general manager of the business. 



The firms of John Ellis & Company and Leon- 
ard & Ellis were incorporated as one company 
in 1901 under the name of Valvoline Oil Com- 
pany, of which he is a director and secretary. 
The company has branch offices in Philadel- 
phia, Chicago, San Francisco and Europe. Mr. 
Goulding resides in New York City and is a 
charter member of the Oil Trade Association, 
of Boston, of which he was vice-president two 
years, and president two years. He was a 
delegate of this association to the Boston board 
of traffic and was one of the founders of a 
similar organization in New York City, of 
which he has been successively secretary, vice- 
president and president. He is a member of 
the Atlantic Yacht Club ; the New York Ath- 
letic Club ; the New England Society of New 
York : Howard Lodge, No. 35, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of New York ; Jerusalem Chap- 
ter, No. 8, Royal Arch Masons, and of the 
Dutch Reformed church, of which he is a 
member of its advisory board. In politics he 
is a Republican. 

He married, in September, 1869, Ruby Cole 
(Johonott) Monroe, widow of John Monroe, 
daughter of Andrew Johonott, a descendant of 
Andrew Johonott, a French Huguenot, who 
came with Peter Faneuil and other Huguenots 
to Boston. Mr. and Mrs. Goulding had one 
child, William Arthur, born February 18, 1871, 
died October, 1873. ^^^s. Goulding died De- 
cember 10, 1896. 



The surname Lincoln, origin- 
LINCOLN ally written Linkhorn, Link- 
Ion, Lincon, was a common 
one in Hingham, Norfolk county, England, for 
over a century before the American immi- 
grants came to New England. It occurs fre- 
quently upon the baptismal records of St. An- 
drew's Church, in the former place, and is 
supposed to have originated in that town. 
Among the earliest settlers of Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, were eight of the name, as follows: 
Daniel Lincoln, the husbandman, who died un- 
married, and his brothers, Samuel, mentioned 
below, and Thomas, the weaver ; Daniel, known 
as "sergeant" and "boatman" ; Stephen Lin- 
coln, and hi^^ brother Thomas, the husband- 
man; Thdtnas, the cooper, and Thomas, the 
miller. 

(I) Samuel Lincoln, born in 1619, the immi- 
grant ancestor of this branch, came from 
Hingham, England, to Salem, Massachusetts, 
in 1637, and settled in New Hingham, Massa- 
chusetts, 1640. Another reference to him is 
to be found on a list of passengers, registered 
from Great Britain to New England, in 1637, 
at which time his age is given as eighteen 
years. He had two brothers who were also 



670 



NEW ENGLAND. 



early residents of Hingham : Daniel the hus- 
bandman, who died, unmarried, in 1644, and 
left a considerable property to Samuel : and 
Thomas, the weaver, who died in 1675, was 
married twice, but left no children. He also 
left some of his property to Samuel. In 1649 
the latter purchased a lot of five acres, which 
had been granted in 1635 to William Arnall. 
A family of Samuel's descendants still occupies 
a part of the original homestead. He is called 
"weaver" and "mariner." He married Martha 

, who died in Hingham, April 10, 1693. 

He died May 26, 1690, aged seventy-one years. 
Children, born or baptized in Hingham : Sam- 
uel, mentioned below ; Daniel, January 2, 1652- 
53; Mordecai, June 19, 1655, died July 9, 
1655 ; Mordecai, June 14, 1657 ; Thomas, Sep- 
tember 8, 1659, died November 13, 1661 ; 
Mary, March 27, 1662 ; Thomas. August 20, 
1664; Martha, February 11, 1666-67; Sarah, 
August 13, 1669, died August 30, 1669: Sarah, 
June 17, 1671 ; Rebecca, March 11, 1673-74. 

(H) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) Lin- 
coln, baptized in Hingham, August 25, 1650, 
died March, 1720-21. He held various mili- 
tary ofifices and was called "cornet." In 1675- 
76 he was a member of Captain Johnson's 
company, and took part as a cavalryman in 
the Narragansett fight. In 1679 his name ap- 
pears upon "a list of foot-soldiers, belonging 
in Hingham, who are willing to serve the coun- 
try in the capacity of troopers." He was a 
carpenter by occupation, and was selectman in 
1694 and 1698. He lived on the homestead 
of his father on North street, near Thaxter's 
bridge. He married, April 29, 1687, Deborah, 
born in Hingham, January i, 1665-66, died 
April 28, 1706, daughter of William and Re- 
becca (Chubbuck) Hersey. Children, born in 
Hingham: Deborah, June 15, 1689: Samuel, 
February i, 1690-91; Jedediah, mentioned be- 
low; Mary, September 18, 1694; Rebecca, Au- 
gust II. 1697; Elisha, September 3, 1699; 
Lydia, September 14, 1701 ; Abigail, January 
II, 1703-04: Susanna, April 18, 1706. 

(Ill) Jedediah, son of Samuel (2) Lincoln, 
was born in Hingham, October 2, 1692, died 
September 23, 1783. He was a glazier by occu- 
pation. In 1730 he held the office of constable. 
He lived on the paternal homestead. He mar- 
ried (first) January 9, 1716-17, Bethia, daugh- 
ter of Enoch and Mary (Lincoln) Whiton, 
born in Hingham, January 20, 1694-93. died 
September 24, 1734. He married (second) 
Mary Barker, of Pembroke, Massachusetts, 
who died November 22, 1775, aged eighty- 
seven years. Children, born in Hingham: 
Jedediah, October 18, 1718: Enoch, mentioned 
below; Mary, October 7, 1724; William, Au- 



gust 5, 1729; Levi, February 15, 1733-34, died 
December 2, 1734. 

( I\' ) Enoch, son of Jedediah Lincoln, was 
born in Hingham, January 22, 1720-21, died 
June, 1802. He was, like his father, a glazier 
by occupation. He held the office of selectman, 
1754-55-56-81, and that of representative, 1775- 
76-77-78. He married (first) December 30, 
1745, Rachel, born in Hingham, 1721, died 
May 16, 1782, daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah 
(Johnson) Fearing. He married (second) 
May 6, 1784, Mrs. Lydia (Hobart) Ripley, 
widow of Nehemiah Ripley, and daughter of 
Rev. Nehemiah and Lydia (Jacob) Hobart, 
born in Hingham, February 9, 1732-33, died 
December 26, 1803. Children, born in Hing- 
ham: Bethia, September 28, 1746; Enoch, 
January 9, 1747-48; Hon. Levi, May 15, 1749, 
Harvard 1772, congressman, attorney-general 
of United States, governor, his son Levi, of 
Worcester, was governor of Massachusetts 
and son Enoch of Maine ; Rachel, May 2"], 
1751 ; Amos, mentioned below ; Sarah, October 
29, 1754; Ezra, November 26, 1756; Leah, De- 
cember 3, 1758; Jedediah, November i, 1760; 
Abraham, September 5, 1762. 

(V) Captain Amos Lincoln, son of Enoch 
Lincoln, was born in Hingham, March 18, 
1753. He was a member of the famous Bos- 
ton Tea Party, and an active patriot before 
the revolution, during which he served the 
cause as captain in a Massachusetts Artillery 
Regiment. He resided in Boston for many 
years, but late in life removed to Quincy, 
Massachusetts, where he spent his last years. 
He married (first) Deborah Revere, on Janu- 
ary 14, 1781, by whom he had nine children. 
She was born on April 3, 1758, died January 
3, 1797. She was a daughter of Paul Revere. 
Fie married (second) Eliza, another daughter 
of the famous Paul Revere, in 1797, and had 
five children. His third wife was Martha 
Robb, whom he married July 26, 1805, and by 
her had three children. Louis, mentioned be- 
low, was a son of Deborah (Revere) Lincoln. 

(\'I) Louis, son of Captain Amos Lincoln, 
was born March 4, 1787, died December 20, 
1827. He married, November 26, 181 5, Mary 
Hathorne Knight, died May 23, 1825. They 
resided in Boston. Children : Frederic \\'alker, 
mentioned below, and Harriet Moody. 

(VII) Hon. Frederic Walker Lincoln, son 
of Louis Lincoln, was born in Boston, Febru- 
ary 27, 1817, died September 13, 1898. He 
was educated in the public schools of Boston 
and in various private schools. At an early 
age he was apprenticed to Gedney King, maker 
of nautical instruments, Boston, and when he 
was twenty-two years old he engaged in busi- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



671 



ness on his own account in the same Une. 
From 1839 to 1882 he continued to manufac- 
ture nautical instruments and took rank among 
the leading business men of Boston. From 
1882 until he died he was general manager of 
the Boston Storage Warehouse. He was 
prominent in public life and served in the state 
legislature in 1847-48 and in 1872-74, and was 
a member of the state constitutional convention 
of Massachusetts in 1853. In 1854-56 he was 
president of the Massachusetts Charitable 
Mechanics Association. In 1868 he was ap- 
pointed on the state board of harbor commis- 
sioners, of which he was for several years the 
chairman. For eleven years he was chairman 
of the board of overseers of the poor of 
the city of Boston, and in April, 1878, be- 
came its treasurer. From 1858 to i860 he 
was mayor of Boston and his administration 
was creditable alike to him and to the city. 
He was again elected to this important office 
in 1863, and reelected from year to year, serv- 
ing four more years in succession during the 
trying times of the civil war. "It was in the 
latter period that Mr. Lincoln more than ever 
displayed the qualities of a sturdy executive 
and, by the prompt use of military force, crush- 
ed out an incipient rebellion in the form of 
draft riots in Boston." For this service and 
the staunch support that he gave the federal 
government during the war, he was honored 
with membership in the Massachusetts Com- 
mandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion. As chairman of the committee he de- 
livered the presentation address at the unveil- 
ing of the first outdoor statue erected in Boston, 
that of Benjamin Franklin in front of the 
City Hall. The honorary degree of Master of 
Arts was conferred upon him by Harvard L^ni- 
versity and also by Dartmouth College. The 
Lincoln School at South Boston, dedicated 
September 17, 1859. during his mayoralty, was 
named in his honor. 

Mr. Lincoln was one of the original board 
of directors of the Continental Bank of Bos- 
ton ; a trustee of the Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology of Boston ; vice-president of 
the Boston Safe Deposit Company; treasurer 
of the Young Men's Benevolent Society for 
more than forty years ; vice-president and 
afterward president of the Franklin Savings 
Bank : president of the Massachusetts Charit- 
able Fire Society ; member of the Boston Light 
Infantry and of its veteran association ; director 
of the Bunker Hill Monument Association, 
elected in 1854 and continuing to the time of 
his death, ser\'ing for ten years as vice-presi- 
dent, and for a number of years as its presi- 
dent. In religion he was a Unitarian and for 
about forty years he was treasurer of the 



Second Church of Boston. In politics he was 
a Republican. 

He married (first) May 18, 1848, Emeline, 
daughter of Hon. Jacob Hall. He married 
( second) June 20, 1854, Emily Caroline, daugh- 
ter of Noah Lincoln (see Lincoln VI). Child 
by first wife: Harriet A., born February 10, 
1849, died May 17, 1902, married George A. 
Coolidge, November 18, 1872. Children by 
second wife: Frederic Walker, mentioned be- 
low: Mary Knight, born March 12, 1857, died 
March 8, 1901 ; Louis Revere, born June 29, 
1862. 

(VIII) Frederic Walker (2), son of Hon. 
Frederic Walker (i) Lincoln, was born in 
Boston, August 29, 1855. He was educated in 
private schools in Boston and at the English 
High School of that city. He began his busi- 
ness career in the employ of the great export 
and shipping house of Henry W. Peabody & 
Company of New York, of which he is a part- 
ner. The firm has branch ofiices in London, 
Liverpool, Sydney, Cape Town, Manila and 
elsewhere. Mr. Lincoln is a member of the 
New York Chamber of Commerce, the Sons 
of the Revolution, the Union Society of the 
Civil War, the New England Society of New 
York, and the City Club of New York. In 
politics he is a Republican, in religion a Uni- 
tarian. He is president and director of the 
L'nited States & Australasian Steamship Com- 
pany, director of the Rahtjen American Com- 
position Company, Destructor Company, etc. 

He married, February 21, 1895, Philena, 
born in New York, June 28, 1868, daughter of 
William Packer Prentice. Children : Florence, 
born January 17, 1897; Frederic Walker, born 
October 15, 1898; Mary Knight, born October 
15, 1898; Philena Hope, born June 29, 1901 ; 
Family Caroline, born March 31, 1906. 



(I) Stephen Lincoln, immigrant ancestor, 
came from Windham, county Suffolk, England, 
in the ship "Diligent," which arrived August 
10, 1638. He brought with him his wife and 
son Stephen, and early in the autumn of that 
vear settled in Hingham, Massachusetts. He 
had land granted to him upon his arrival. His 
wife was Margaret , who died in Hing- 
ham, and was buried June 13, 1642. Fie died 
October 11, 1658. In his will, made three days 
before his death, he mentions his mother Joan, 
son Stephen, and niece Susannah, daughter of 
Thomas Lincoln, the husbandman. • He pro- 
vided for his mother, but left the greater part 
of his estate to Stephen, the only child then 
living. Children : Stephen, mentioned below ; 
Sarah, baptized in Hingham. .May 22. 1642, 
died November 4, 1649. 



672 



NEW ENGLAND. 



(II) Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) Lin- 
coln, was born probably at Windham, county 
Suffolk, England, and came to America with 
his parents in 1638. He was a carpenter by 
trade; was freeman, 1680; selectman, 1685. 
He was a proprietor and one of those among 
whom the common lands were divided. He 
died September 17, 1692. He married, in 
Hingham, February, 1660, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Matthew and Margaret Hawke, baptized in 
Hingham, July 14, 1639, died November 4, 
1713. Children, born in Hingham: Elizabeth, 
November 3, 1660; Mary, December 27, 1662; 
Stephen, November 10, 1665 ; David, mention- 
ed below; Bethia, October 30, 1670; Abigail, 
April 7, 1673 ; Margaret, June 30, 1677 ; James, 
October 26, 1681. 

(III) David, son of Stephen (2) Lincoln, 
was born in Hingham, September 22, 1668, 
died October 9, 1714. He is styled "yeoman" 
by occupation. He was constable in 1707. He 
married, January 4, 1692-93, Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Sarah (Fearing) Lincoln, 
born in Hingham, October 7, 1669, died Au- 
gust 23, 1716. Children, born in Hingham: 
Elizabeth, October 8, 1693 ; David, mentioned 
below ; Sarah, October 24, 1696, died January 
29, 1698-99; Matthew, September 2, 1698; 
Isaac, January 18, 1701-02; Margaret, May 9, 
1705, died September 26, 1716; Job, March 
16, 1709-10, died July 9, 1715. 

(IV) David (2), son of David (i) Lincoln, 
was born in Hingham, February 8, 1694-95, 
died July 22, 1756. He was a farmer. He 
married (first) December 25, 1718, Lydia, 
daughter of John and Hannah Beal, born in 
Hingham, April 10, 1697, died August 9, 1719. 
He married (second) June 29, 1721, Leah, 
born in Hingham, August 26, 1699, died May 
19, 1723, daughter of Lazarus and Susannah 
(Lewis) Beal. He married (third) January 9, 
^733' Mary, born in Hingham, August 20, 1707, 
daughter of James and "Mary (Hawke) Her- 
sey. Child of second wife, born in Hingham: 
Margaret, April 19, 1722. Children of third 
wife, born in Hingham: David, mentioned be- 
low; Lydia, born July 24, 1736, died May 12, 
1755; Nathan, August 4, 1738; Mary, Sep- 
tember 24, 1742. 

(V) David (3), son of David (2) Lincoln. 
was born in Hingham, October 17, 1734, died 
February 7, 1814. He was a weaver by trade, 
and was constable in 1759. He was a soldier 
in the revolution. He married, at Wareham, 
Massachusetts, September 16, 1760, Elizabeth, 
born probably at Wareham. 1736, died in Hing- 
ham, July 10, 1804, daughter of Israel and 
Martha (Gibbs) Fearing. Children, born in 
Hingham : Elizabeth, December i, 1761 ; Lydia, 
June 19, 1763; David, April 28, 1765, died 



November 5, 1765; David, February 9, 1767; 
Hawkes, August 18, 1769; Noah, mentioned 
below; Christiana, December 25, 1774; Perez, 
January 21, 1777; Ensign, January 8, 1779. 

(VI) Noah, son of David (3) Lincoln, was 
born in Hingham, August 23, 1772. He lived 
in Boston, and died July, 1856. Fie married, 
at Boston, April 9, 1802, Sally Howe. Chil- 
dren : Sally, Elizabeth, Susannah, Noah, Mary, 
Harriet, Perez, Charlotte, Lydia, Perez, Emily 
Caroline. Their daughter Emily Caroline, 
married Hon. Frederic Walker Lincoln (see 
Lincoln Vll). 



This is one of the names most | 
ALLEN frequently met in the United 

States, and is represented by many 
distinct families. Its use arises from the Chris- 
tian name, which is very ancient. In the roll 
of Battle Abbey, Fitz-Aleyne (son of Allen) 
appears, and the name comes down through 
the ages to the present. Alan, constable of 
Scotland and Lord of Galloway and Cunning- 
ham, died in 1234. One of the first using 
Allen as a surname was Thomas Allen, sheriff 
of London, in 1414. Sir John Allen was 
mayor of London in 1524, Sir William Allen in 
1 571, and Sir Thomas Alleyne in 1659. Ed- 
ward Allen (1566-1626) a distinguished poet 
and friend of Shakespeare and Ben Johnson, 
founded in 1619 Dulwick College, with the 
stipulation that the master and secretary must 
always bear the name of Allen, and this curi- 
ous condition has been easily fulfilled through 
the plentitude of scholars of the name. There 
are no less than fifty-five coats-of-arms of j 
separate and distinct families of Allen in the < 
United Kingdom besides twenty others of dif- .] 
ferent spellings. There were more than a j 
score of emigrants of this surname, from al- i 
most as many different families, who left Eng- 1 
land before 1650 to settle in New England. 

(I) Edward Allen, immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England. He settled as early as 1658 
at Ipswich, Massachusetts; in 1662 he was oc- 
cupying a farm owned by Rev. John Norton, 
of Boston; in 1670 his barn was burned by | 
lightning with sixty loads of barley; in 1678 
he received a grant of sixty acres of land at 
Suiifield, and removed thither from Ipswich 
about that time, and died at Suffield, Novem- 
ber 21, 1696. In his will dated a week before 
he died, he provided for his five younger sons j 
at Suffield and his two younger daughters, 
Elizabeth and Sarah. The older brothers were 
directed to teach the trade of weaving to the 
younger sons, and when they came of age to 
build each a house and give to each a cow. 
The name was probably correctly spelled Allyn, 
but Allen, Allin and AUine were also used by 



NEW ENGLAND. 



673 



good authority, but Allen is the spelhng used by 
most of the family. 

Edward Allen may have been related to 
Samuel Allen, whose descendants also lived at 
Deerfield ; Samuel was the father of Nehemiah, 
born 1640, grandfather of Samuel, born 1666, 
great-grandfather of Joseph, born 1708. The 
latter was of Litchfield, Connecticut, where 
his son. General Ethan Allen, of revolutionary 
fame, was born in 1738. 

Edward Allen married, November 24, 1658, 
Sarah, daughter* of Richard Kimball. Two of 
her brothers were killed by the Indians. She 
died June 12, 1696, aged about fifty-six years. 
Children of Edward Allen: John, born Au- 
gust 9, 1659; Sarah, July 4, 1661 ; Edward, 
May I, 1663; Sarah, May i, 1664; Elizabeth, 
December 20, 1666; William, May 12, 1668; 
Martha, July 28, 1670; Benjamin, September, 
1673 ; David, mentioned below ; Abigail, March 
25, 1678; Samuel, 1679; Mary, April 9, 1683; 
C'alcb, March 31, 1685. 

(II) David, son of Edward Allen, was born 
at Sufifield, now in Connecticut, February i, 
1675. He was a weaver by trade. About 
T720 he removed to Hanover, New Jersey, 
lie married, at Sufifield, November 29, 171 1, 
Sarah Grosvenor. Children, born at Sufiield : 
David, mentioned below ; Adoniram, born 
March 8, 1714-15; John, March 15, 1716-17; 
probably others in New Jersey. 

(III) David (2), son of David (i) Allen, 
was born in Suffield, February 9, 1713. He 
went with his father to New Jersey. About 
1740 he settled at Squam or Squan river, Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey, and obtained pos- 
session of vast tracts of land. He married 

. Among his sons were : Adam, who 

before the revolution left New Jersey and 
located in Virginia on the James river, and 
many of his descendants have lived in that 
state ; Samuel, mentioned below. 

(IV) Samuel, son of David (2) Allen, was 
born in New Jersey about 1735. He inherited 
from his father on the north shore of the 
Squan river a tract of land several miles in 
extent, and as the country became settled and 
the land cleared he became a wealthy landed 
proprietor. He was lame from birth. In re- 
ligion he was a Quaker. He married . 

and among his children was Samuel, mentioned 
below. 

(V) Captain Samuel (2) Allen, son of 
Samuel (i) Allen, was born in 1757 in Mon- 
mouth county, New Jersey. When the revolu- 
tionary war broke out he was but eighteen 
years old, but his home was in a section infest- 
ed with Tories and ravaged by British foraging 
parties from New York, so that throughout 
the war he was engaged in the trying and 



hazardous duty of resisting and revenging the 
attacks on these marauders, as captain of a 
band of volunteer minute-men, supporting the 
American cause. Although yet under age this 
boy, because of his over-bearing will and his 
wealth, a "bold, dashing dare-devil" leader 
among the intrepid dissenters of the court, 
refused to be cowed by the proximity of the 
British forces. His fortune as well as his life 
were ventured in the cause of his country, and 
his name became a terror to its foes, among 
the Tories in the neighborhood, as well as the 
armed enemies of the coast. Urgent appeals 
were made to the British to send a party of 
soldiers to secure his capture and death. Many 
efforts were made to secure the audacious 
young rebel of Monmouth. He was forced 
sometimes to seek shelter in the woods for 
days and weeks, and three times his home was 
burned to ashes. On one occasion he was cap- 
tured by the Redcoats, yet escaped from the 
very muzzles of their muskets, while being 
marched to captivity. On one occasion he led 
a party at night with muffled oars in the cap- 
ture of a British merchantman lying off Tom's 
river inlet, which had been mistaken in the 
dark for an English man-of-war. In the sum- 
mer of 1776, when Lord Howe arrived with 
his fleet to reduce New York, a small cutter 
named the "Eagle," mounting a pivot gun and 
carrying an armed crew was placed in the 
waters adjoining the Jersey coast to intercept 
the shipping of supplies by the farmers of that 
region to New York City. This was a very 
lucrative business and in fact afforded the 
principal income of the people of the shore 
regions. At length young Allen devised a plan 
for doing away with this troublesome cutter. 
A small vessel was fitted out with decks cov- 
ered with chicken coups, fatted calves and 
bleating sheep, while in the hold were stowed 
a band of armed men. It was arranged that 
they should rush forth when the commander 
gave the signal by stamping on the deck. With 
a fair wind this vessel set out of Squan inlet, 
Mr. Allen at the helm and all sail was crowded 
as if to begin a race to escape from the cutter. 
The latter vessel, however, quickly discovered 
the prize and a shot from its gun compelled 
the prize to halt. Believing that they had an 
easy capture, the men on board the "Eagle" 
crowded the rail with easy indifference as it 
ran along side the prize. When the signal was 
given, out of the hatches poured a band of 
determined men, and before the British could 
recover from their surprise and consternation 
a volley of musketry swept over the men on 
the deck of the ill-fated cutter, leaving not one 
man alive. The latter vessel then became the 
prize and was easily taken into port by the 



6-^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



patriots whose commerce was never again mo- 
lested by the British forces. The Tories, how- 
ever, continued their hateful depredation under 
the support of foraging parties of British sol- 
diers from the city of New York. A certain 
Captain Thompson was so often employed in 
these raids that he became well known to the 
citizens, and thus they were able to often cir- 
cumvent his plans. On one occasion he sur- 
prised and captured Captain Allen, and was 
informed by a Tory in his party that Allen had 
a sum of money in his possession. He was 
ordered to give this up on pain of instant 
death, but firmly refused. His wife being 
fearful as to his fate begged him to reveal to 
her the hiding place of the money that she 
might surrender it, but her appeal was of no 
avail. Allen was lashed with ropes to the 
poplar tree in front of his house, and confront- 
ed by a body of seven British soldiers with 
cocked muskets presented at his breast. Again 
being ordered by Thompson to give up the 
money on pain of instant death, Allen replied, 
"Fire and be damned." Thompson was too 
good a man to murder the defenseless, and this 
audacity of Captain Allen appealed to his man- 
hood. Though released from the ropes Allen 
was compelled to witness the burning of his 
home, where his mother and younger brothers 
and sisters resided. The money, however, 
which was hidden in an outdoor oven was 
saved. Marching between files of soldiers 
Allen was taken to the home of a neighbor 
where the robbers were more successful in 
securing the money of the farmer. In the 
meantime an alarm had been given and the 
people of the countryside thronged to the 
rescue, and both Allen and his neighbor 
escaped imprisonment in New York. In the 
fall of 1799 a British brig short of provisions 
came to anchor near the mouth of the Tom's 
river and made signal for communication with 
the land. This was suspected as some sort of 
a trick, and the people of the section under the 
direction of Allen waited for darkness to make 
further investigation, and watch was set to 
report any attempt at a landing. During the 
night two boats were manned under command 
of Allen and approached the vessel from oppo- 
site directions. At an agreed signal every man 
went over the sides and the captain and crew 
were made prisoners. They were well treated 
and released, and at daylight the vessel was 
taken to Tom's river through what was then 
known as Cranberry inlet (now closed) and 
unloaded. Much of its cargo of Jamaica rum 
was lost through the collapse of the warehouse, 
where it was unloaded. Not long after this 
Captain Allen's house was again visited by 
Captain Thompson and party with the inten- 



tion of bringing Allen back a prisoner. His 
d-welling had been rebuilt and had three times 
been plundered by Tory bands in the mean- 
time. On one of these occasions Allen was 
shot and fell on his own doorstep, where he 
feigned dead, and succeeded in extinguishing 
the fire kindled in his clothing with his own 
blood. Before departure one soldier placed a 
musket at his head, saying "I will make sure 
of him anyhow," but another soldier kicked 
the gun away barely in time to save Allen's 
head from the bullet. He was- usually warned 
of these expeditions by faithful scouts, and 
often escaped in this manner. However, late 
in 1779, his house was surrounded in the night, 
and he was again in Thompson's power. Once 
more he saw his relatives driven from their 
home and the house destroyed by flames. He 
was left in charge of a scjuad of his capturers 
while the rest were engaged in further plunder 
and destruction. This time by bribing his 
guard he was again enabled to escape. In 
1782 Captain Allen, by means of strategy, 
efifected the capture of the notorious Captain 
Tigh, a Tory, robber and murderer, with six 
of his followers. They were tried immediately 
following their capture at sunrise, and were 
immediately sentenced and hanged to a tree 
on the north side of Squan river. The site is 
now marked by a lane and is frequently point- 
ed out to visitors in that section. For a third 
time, late in the summer of 1782, x-Mlen was 
again captured by British forces under Cap- 
tain Thompson and together with his brother- 
in-law. Colonel Abraham Osborn, was bound 
and marched on foot toward Sandy Hook after 
his home was for the third time destroyed by 
flames. The march began about dark on a 
very warm day, and after progressing some 
distance, the prisoners refused to march fur- 
ther unless unbound. Their hands were tied 
behind them and they were also tied together. 
When they refused to march further they were 
threatened with shooting. Finally they were 
released and orders were given to the soldiers 
to watch them very closely and shoot on the 
first motion toward an escape. It was agreed 
between the prisoners that a nudge of the elbow 
was to be the signal and a dash each to the 
opposite side of the road from the other. At 
this point the roadside for a long distance was 
lined by a thick growth of laurel and a thick 
fog had rolled in from the sea. All these con- 
ditions with the narrow road were propitious 
for an attempt at escape. By the simultaneous 
movement of the two prisoners in opposite 
directions, the attention of the soldiers was 
somewhat disconcerted, and before a volley 
could be delivered the prisoners were safe in 
hiding. Knowing that Allen was thoroughly 




i^^-L 



^^^^^^^. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



675 



familiar with the country Thompson thought 
it unwise to attempt his pursuit, but now the 
pursuers became the pursued. Quickly reach- 
ing a farm house Allen seized the swiftest 
horse and rode to the nearest military post for 
a detail of troops. This was at Colt's Neck, 
about fifteen miles away, but in the direction 
which the enemy was taking. Allen's object 
was to obtain an escort and capture Thompson 
and his friends before they crossed the Shrews- 
bury river. A cavalcade of twenty men was 
mustered and reached the river just as the 
morning broke. Thompson and his men were 
seen leaving their post on the opposite bank, 
but beyond the range of the old flintlock musket 
of the day. As the country in that region was 
full of Thompson's friends, it was not deemed 
wise to pursue them farther. This was the 
last visit of Thompson to that region. Plostil- 
ities were now over in the vicinity of New 
York and Captain Allen returned to peaceful 
pursuits, living for more than half a century 
to see the nation which he had helped to de- 
fend advance to be one of the greatest powers 
of the world. 

He married, in 1776, Elizabeth Fleming, of 
ancient Scotch ancestry, wdiose brothers, Ste- 
phen and Jacob Fleming, were captains in the 
American army, the former settling after the 
war in Kentucky. She died in 1800 and her 
remains were placed at rest under a favorite 
tree on Captain Allen's farm, and when his 
own time came in 1830 he was laid by her side. 
Children : Samuel Fleming, of whom further ; 
and Thomas (q. v.). 

(VI) Samuel Fleming (known as Captain), 
son of Captain Samuel (2) Allen, was born in 
Monmouth county. New Jersey, in 1791. He 
enlisted, April 2, 1814, in Captain Jacob 
Butcher's Company of Infantry, First Regi- 
ment, Monmouth Brigade, and was commis- 
sioned first lieutenant. He served until the 
regiment was disbanded, and was discharged 
with the rank of first lieutenant, February i, 
1815. His regiment, which had volunteered 
"for the defense of the maritime frontier," 
"having volunteered to perform certain ser- 
vices" was exempted by Governor Pennington 
from the detail of August 12, 1814. It was 
engaged in one fight, and was several times 
called out by alarm along the coast for the 
immediate defense of the state. In its one 
battle called the battle of Brant Hill, a British 
man-of-war, understood to be the "Effervire," 
carrying thirty-two guns, attempted to land at 
the mouth of the Sc|uan river. The ship shell- 
ed the shore from 9 a. m. until 3 p. m. and 
during the engagement, whenever small boats 
from the shi]j tried to land, evidently to burn 
some vessels in the river, and for plunder, they 



were received with such volleys of musketry 
that at the close of the day they were obliged 
to withdraw, wholly defeated in their design. 
He married Phebe, daughter of Runah Run- 
yon Goble. 

(VII) Ethan, son of Samuel Fleming and 
Phebe (Goble) Allen, was born May 12, 1832, 
in Manasquan. He inherited the military 
spirit of his ancestors together with their great 
mental force and executive capacity. He had 
a precocious mind and made rapid progress in 
his studies, attending the public schools of his 
native place until twelve years of age, when 
the family removed to New York City. Here 
he graduated from the high school, and spent 
one year as clerk in a book store. In the mean- 
time he pursued the study of law, and when 
nineteen years of age engaged in newspaper 
work. 

While thus employed he was urged by an 
adult friend to join the "Know Nothing" 
organization, a party which was formed in 
1850 for the exclusion of foreigners from 
official station in the United States. Accom- 
panied by the friend mentioned, he attended 
one of the meetings of this organization, which 
were then held in secret and partook somewhat 
of the nature of lodges of various orders still 
in vogue. At this meeting he with others was 
brought forward to take an oath which com- 
posed the chief part of the initiation. This 
oath pledged those participating never to sup- 
port for office any person of foreign birth. 
When the ceremonies had proceeded to this 
point young Allen dropped his raised hand and 
refused to participate in such an oath. Imme- 
diately there was a great hubbub and threats 
of personal injury to him. He made an im- 
pressive address to those about him, saying he 
could never insult the memories of Lafayette, 
Kosciusko and other patriots, who had aided 
this country when in distress, by subscribing 
to such an oath. His eloquence made such an 
impression upon the assemblage that he was 
permitted to take his seat as a member with- 
out participating in the oath, and perhaps the 
only one of millions who entered this great 
order without any obligation. Young Allen 
very early developed a talent for speaking, 
and at a Scandinavian dinner soon after the 
above mentioned incident, he was invited to 
speak in the absence of the appointed party 
upon the power of the press. He at once 
gained and held the attention of the audience, 
and made a very favorable impression. On 
returning late from this meeting he was chided 
by his father for being out so late. When he 
related the above incident and told his father 
that his speech would ajipear next day in the 
.W-u' )'(}rk Herald, the latter, who knew little 



676 



NEW ENGLAND. 



of his son's remarkable gift, assured the son 
that if the article so appeared he would present 
to him upon his twenty-first birthday a fine 
gold watch, and this promise was in due time 
fulfilled. 

In the meantime young Allen's service on 
the staff of the Herald had so impressed his 
superiors that he was sent to Washington be- 
fore attaining his majority as the accredited 
representative of that great journal at the 
National Capital. Among other letters of in- 
troduction given to him was one to Asbury 
Dickens, clerk of the senate. When the beard- 
less youth presented this letter to Mr. Dickens, 
the latter said, "Tell Mr. Allen to come and 
see me, and I will give him every facility in 
my power." When Allen said, "I am Mr. 
Alien," Dickens ejaculated in a burst of aston- 
ishment, "Impossible! The Nciv York Herald 
is the most powerful journal, and it is im- 
possible that Mr. Bennett would send so young 
a man to represent it in Washington." Allen 
quietly replied, "Mr. James Gordon Bennett 
usually knows what he is doing," and the sub- 
sequent action of the youthful correspondent 
fully demonstrated the truth of the statement. 
Among other commissions from the Herald 
was a trip to Petersburg, Virginia, where Allen 
participated in a meeting addressed by Henry 
A. Wise, anti-"Know Nothing" candidate for 
governor. His presence there was resented by 
Mr. Wise, and some very unpleasant incidents 
followed. Among these at a subsequent meet- 
ing young Allen boldly denounced Mr. Wise 
as a falsifier of events, and was threatened by 
residents with personal injury if he did not 
leave town. He sent a reply stating that it had 
been his intention to leave town on the day the 
notice was received, but if any of them desired 
to see him they would find him for the next 
three days at his hotel. 

Having decided to complete a college course 
he entered the freshman class of Brown Uni- 
versity in 1856, and completed the work of the 
junior and senior years simultaneously, leaving 
the college in 1859. He again returned in 
i860, and graduated with high standing as 
orator of his class. Soon after entering the 
college in 1856, he was invited to address a 
mass meeting in the public square at Provi- 
dence in support of the candidacy of John C. 
Fremont for president of the United States. 
He accepted and made a very strong impres- 
sion, creating much excitement among the stu- 
dents of the university. His associate orator 
on the stand was Henry Wilson, afterwards 
vice-president of the United States. The next 
day he was requested by the president to dis- 
continue this work as it interfered too much 
with the discipline and work of the university. 



He was, however, enthusiastic in his support 
of the Republican party, and was very active 
in the Lincoln campaign of i860 in New York 
and adjoining states. 

In 1859 he graduated from the University 
Law School of New York, as valedictorian of 
his class, and was admitted to practice before 
the supreme court in May, i860. He was 
always most democratic in character, habits 
and thought, and when the Prince of Wales 
visited this country he refused to join the 
crowds who made every effort possible to see 
or meet the distinguished vrsitor, saying in his 
youthful conceit, "If the prince desires to see 
me, let him come where I am." It happened, 
however, by accident, that while making some 
research in the library of the university, he 
was thrown in contact with the prince after a 
reception given to the latter by the faculty. 
In avoiding the crowds after the reception the 
prince and his suite were ushered into the 
library where young Allen was alone and the 
two young men were introduced and enjoyed a 
pleasant and extended chat. 

In April, 1861, Mr. Allen was appointed by 
Abraham Lincoln chief assistant of United 
States district attorney for the southern dis- 
trict of New York, and he continued in this 
position under various chiefs for a period of 
eight years, participating in many important 
trials, notably that of the Mousseline Delaim 
case in which the LTnited States government 
recovered several hundred thousand dollars of 
duties. At a mass meeting held in Union 
Square in 1861 Mr. Allen was one of the 
speakers ; again at the grand mass meeting in 
July, 1862, and at an anniversary meeting in 
Madison Square, April 3, 1863, the latter being 
presided over by General Winfield Scott, and 
including among the speakers John Van Buren. 
Being anxious to aid the government in the 
struggle of the civil war, Mr. Allen proceeded 
to Washington, and from there sent to his 
chief his resignation as assistant district attor- 
ney. It happened that his colleague, Stewart 
L. Woodford, had handed in his resignation 
which had been accepted on the previous day 
without Mr. Allen's knowledge. Not wishing 
to lose both his assistants. Sir. E. Delafield 
Smith, the district attorney, requested that 
Allen withdraw his resignation, which he did, 
but he was commissioned by Governor Mor- 
gan as a colonel, and authorized to recruit a 
brigade of soldiers for the LInion army. At 
this time no bounties had been offered, but 
within twelve months Mr. Allen had succeeded 
in gathering together twelve hundred men, 
who went out under the name of the Blair 
Brigade. In 1864 he was again active in the 
Republican campaign, making many telling and 



NEW ENGLAND. 



677 



effective speeches. Upon the retirement of E. 
Delafield Smith, and the appointment of Dan- 
iel S. Dickinson as his successor, Mr. Allen 
was retained as chief assistant, but refused to 
remain when the position was offered him by 
Mr. Dickinson's successor Judge Edwards 
Pierrepont. Upon his retirement from this 
position, a leading journal spoke of him as 
follows : "He was most generous and frank 
in his dealings ; entirely honest, firm and cour- 
ageous in the discharge of every official duty; 
courteous to everyone, yet he was exception- 
ally distinguished by a perfect impartiality 
which granted to the most poverty-stricken 
suitor the same favor that was extended to the 
richest and most powerful. He secured by 
these characteristics general praise." Mr. Allen 
was again called into action in the campaign 
of 1868, which resulted in the election of Ulys- 
ses S. Grant as president. 

After retiring from his official duties, he 
engaged in the practice of law in New York 
City, his clients being chiefly importers and the 
cases relating to revenue law. Such was his 
popularity and ability that his first year's prac- 
tice gave him an income of fifty thousand 
dollars. Among notable civil cases in which 
he was a participant was the noted settlement 
of the will of Commodore Vanderbilt. It was 
Mr. Allen's custom to discourage actions at 
law, where an amicable settlement was possible 
and also to handle cases of women and indigent 
persons without fee. It is estimated that he 
gave his services in this way to the amount of 
one hundred thousand dollars. He declined a 
nomination for congress in 1870, when the 
nomination was equivalent to an election, and 
various public positions. 

He was an organizer of the Cuban League 
of American citizens, an organization designed 
to secure the liberation of Cuba from Spanish 
rule and prepared its address to the people of 
the United States. At a mass meeting in sup- 
port of this organization in April, 1870, held 
in Cooper Union, he was appointed to draft 
the resolutions of the meeting. He was urged 
by parties with commercial interests in Santo 
Domingo to include this island in the move- 
ment, but this he refused to do as the pur- 
poses of the organization were purely philan- 
thropic and he did not wish them tainted by 
any business considerations. He was, how- 
ever, forced to see it included by a motion 
from the floor when the resolutions were put 
upon their adoption. During the exciting trial 
of the notorious William M. Tweed for loot- 
ing the treasury of New York, a representative 
of Tweed called upon Mr. Allen to engage him 
for counsel. The latter replied that he under- 
stood Mr. Tweed was well supplied with able 



counsel ; but it was suggested that he desired 
IMr. Allen as a private adviser, having been 
assured that whatever Allen told him could be 
relied upon. He was distrustful of his own 
counsel to whom he was paying fabulous sums 
for his defense. The first trial of Tweed had 
resulted in a disagreement of the jury and Mr. 
Allen suggested that a compromise be effected 
whereby Tweed was to disgorge four million 
dollars of his stealings. It was estimated that 
he had robbed the city of not less than six 
million dollars, and Tweed consented to this 
arrangement, after the usual amount of negoti- 
ations which brought into consultation numer- 
ous public officials concerned in the prosecution 
of the case. After all arrangements were com- 
pleted and Mr. Allen's fee of a quarter of a 
million dollars had been agreed upon, one of 
the officials suggested to Mr. Allen that he 
treble this fee and divide the added amount 
among various officials, whose consent to the 
withdrawal of suit was necessary. To this 
Allen required time for consultation and after 
further negotiations with Tweed's representa- 
tives this was agreed to on their side. Return- 
ing to the city official Mr. Allen reported that 
the matter was agreed to, upon which he was 
congratulated by the official. Turning upon 
him Mr. Allen said, "All my labor in this case 
has been in vain and my fee is lost because a 
dishonest official seeks to make me an instru- 
ment in securing one-half million of graft, and 
I wash my hands of the whole matter." In 
the next trial of the case Tweed was convicted, 
but the city never recovered one dollar of the 
stolen funds. In 1872, at the Liberal Repub- 
lican Convention in Cincinnati, Mr. Allen was 
active in securing the nomination of Horace 
Greeley for the presidency, and was made 
chairman of the national committee in charge 
of its campaign. He refused to spend any 
money, being so ordered by Mr. Greeley, in 
influencing voters or leaders, and conducted a 
campaign on the highest moral and patriotic 
lines. 

Since 1894 he has been retired from active 
business except in the care of a few large estates 
in his charge. In 1896 he revived the Cuban 
League which exercised a powerful influence 
in securing the ultimate release of the unhappy 
island from Spanish control. He has been 
engaged largely in literary work and travel 
abroad. Among his works are mentioned the 
"Biography of Philip Livingston," which was 
filed with other papers at the Centennial Ex- 
hibition in 1876, and a book entitled. "The 
Drama of the Revolution." Of the latter the 
late Robert G. Ingersoll said, "I would rather 
be the author of that book, then be president of 
the Ignited States." After the first edition 



678 



NEW ENGLAND. 



was published Mr. Allen rewrote it in blank 
verse, a task requiring large genius to preserve 
all its facts and romantic interest without the 
variations allowed by poetic license. He is 
also the author of a society drama called "Ro- 
zina," of which the world may hear in time to 
come. Mr. Allen is a member of the Union 
League Club and Brown University Alumni 
Association. He is the founder and was two 
years a trustee of the Society of Sons of the 
Revolution, and was also for two years a trus- 
tee of the Society of Sons of the American 
Revolution, and is identified with various 
social, philanthropic and political organizations. 
In reviewing the career of Mr. Allen, William 
L. Stone, the historian, said: "As his history 
indicates his leading characteristic is a keen 
love of justice, truth and right, and he un- 
flinchingly does what he deems to be his duty 
regardless of consequences. He is manly and 
outspoken in his relations with others, while 
his frank nature commends the friendship of 
all. His reputation is without blemish. Through- 
out his whole official and professional career, 
he never gave cause for censure. He is in 
fact the true type of a reform leader — honest, 
courageous and unselfish — and like his Puritan 
ancestor he would bear all and suffer all for 
principle and the right." 

Mr. Allen married, 1861, Eliza Brice, daugh- 
ter of Darius and Providence (Brice) Clagett, 
of Washington, a descendant of many notable 
families of Maryland and New York. She 
died February 8, 1899. 



(VI) Thomas Allen, son of Cap- 
ALLEN tain Samuel Allen (q. v.), was a 

resident of Monmouth county. 
New Jersey. His wife was a daughter of 
Gershom Lovelace. Among their children was 
Isaac, mentioned below. 

(VII) Isaac, son of Thomas Allen, was 
born December 4, 181 1, at Allentown, Mon- 
mouth county. New Jersey. He married, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1832, Elizabeth A. Van Mater, born 
June I, 1809, at Hightown, Monmouth county. 
New -Jersey, of a prominent family of that 
county. Some branches of the family spell the 
name Van Marter, others Van Meter, while a 
large and distinguished family of the same 
stock which located early in Virginia, spell the 
name Van Metre. Allentown, New Jersey, was 
named for this family. Among their children 
was Charles, mentioned below. 

(VIII) Charles, son of Isaac Allen, was 
born near Hamilton Square, about four miles 
from Trenton, New Jersey, October 8, 1834. 
He married, ATay 5, i860, Catherine A. Con- 
over, born September 12, 1838, daughter of 
Samuel and Ann Maria (Barclay) Conover. 



Samuel and Ann Maria were married October 
4, 1837. Samuel Conover was born January 16, 
1809, at Cranbury Neck, New Jersey, and his 
wife was born March 28, 1816. Their children 
were : Catherine A., Simon Barclay, Augustus 
Barclay and Ida Davison Conover (see Bar- 
clay). An aunt of Charles Allen, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Allen) Sopris, sister of Isaac Allen, now 
aged ninety-eight years, the first white woman 
to settle in Colorado, in 1849, is now living at 
1337 Stout street, Denver, Colorado. Among 
the children of Mr. and Mrs. Allen was Harry 
Chandler, mentioned below. 

(IX) Harry Chandler, son of Charles Allen, 
was born in Trenton, New Jersey, August 14, 
1870. He was educated in the public and high 
schools of his native city, and studied law in 
the office of Hon. John T. Nixon, judge of the 
United States district court of New Jersey, 
but instead of practicing law he engaged in 
the real estate business in Trenton and New 
York City. At the present time he is engaged 
in the real estate and mortgage loan business 
in New York City. He is also an officer of 
the Universal Trust Company and trustee of 
various other corporations. He is a member 
of the Dunwoodie Country Club and honorary 
member of the Park Island, Trenton and Lack- 
anoo Canoe clubs. He is also a member of 
Nepperham Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, of Yonkers, New York; of Terrace City 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; of the Society 
of the Sons of the Revolution of New Jersey; 
of the Society of the Netherlands, membership 
in which is restricted to those whose ancestors 
came to America as early as 1636 ; member of 
the Park Hill Country Club ; life member of 
the League of American Wheelman, and of 
the American Canoe Association. In politics 
he is a Republican, and he is a member of the 
Republican Club of Yonkers ; he is also a mem- 
ber of the Park Hill Reform Church of 
Yonkers. 

He married, November 29, 1893, Elizabeth 
Hunter Paxson, born September 27, 1870, 
daughter of James G. and Catherine V. 
(Rogers) Paxson, of Bristol, Pennsylvania. 
The Paxson family numbers among the old 
and distinguished families of Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, they having resided there from 
its earliest settlement. They trace their an- 
cestry to three brothers, James, Henry and 
William, who came to this country in the ship 
"Samuel," in the year 1682. Bycott House, 
in the parish of Stowe, Oxfordshire, England, 
was the ancestral home of the family for many 
generations. The family were Friends prior to 
their coming to Pennsylvania. Mrs. Allen was 
born on the family homestead in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, and she is of the ninth genera- 



NEW ENGLAND. 



679 



tion from the pioneer who received a grant of 
land from William Penn. Mrs. Allen's mother 
was descended from Captain Oliver Barrett, 
adjutant of the famous "Green Mountain 
Boys" in the war of the revolution. Will- 
iam Barrett Rogers, father of Catherine V. 
(Rogers) Paxson, lived at Bristol. Pennsyl- 
vania, and was descended from the Rogers 
family of New England. 

Children of Mr. and Mrs. Allen: i. James 
Granville, born at Trenton, August 27, 1894, 
now a student at the Military College, Lexing- 
ton, Virginia. 2. Margery de Sille, born at 
Trenton, June 2Ti. 1902. 



( I ) Colonel David Barclay, of l^ry, Scot- 
land, served with distinction in the Thirty 
Years War as a follower of Gustavus Adol- 
phus, and had borne arms in the civil wars at 
home. He married, December 24, 1647, Lady 
Katherine Gordon, known as the "White Rose 
I if .Scotland," and about 1647 he purchased 
from William, Earl Mareschal, the estate of 
L'ry, in the county of Kincardine, Scotland. 
In 1679, under charter from the crown, this and 
some neighboring estates also owned by him 
were united into the Barony of Ury. For a 
period of some five hundred years the family 
had owned the estate of Mathers, but Colonel 
David's father had been forced to give it up 
because of financial troubles, and the family 
became known as the "Barclays of Ury." In 
1666 Colonel David joined the Society of 
Friends, and consequently suffered much ill 
treatment from enemies to the faith. He is 
described "as proper tall a personage of a 
man as could be seen among thousands ; his 
hair white as flax, but quite bald upon the top 
of his head, which obliged him to wear com- 
monly a black satin cap under his hat." He 
died in 1686, and was buried October 12, near 
Ury. Children : Robert, the "Apologist," born 
1648 ; Lucy, died 1686 : Jean, married Sir Ewen 
Cameron, of Lochiel ; John, mentioned below ; 
David, died at sea, unmarried. 

(II) John, son of Colonel David Barclay, 
of LIry, was born there in 1659, and came to 
East New Jersey in 1684. He died at Perth 
Amboy, East New Jersey, between April 22 
and April 29, 1731. He married, between 

1699 and 1702, Katharine , who died 

January 6, 1702-03. His estate was adminis- 
trated by William Bradford, who undoubtedly 
was the well-known printer of Philadelphia. 
John Barclay was "Brother to Robert Barclay, 
Laird of Lire in the Kingdom of Scotland, the 
famous Quaker, who wrote 'Barclay's Apol- 
ogy'-" John's emigration to America was 
doubtless due in part to the life appointment 



of Robert as governor of the then proprietary 
province of East New Jersey, although Rob- 
ert did not come out to America. After his 
change of faith from the Quaker's, to the 
Church of England, he became estranged from 
his family in Scotland, and he seems to have 
lost that influence in the colony which birth 
would have given him. He was undoubtedly 
a follower of George Keith, who was for many 
years an ardent preacher among the Quakers, 
but who. because of dififerences in faith, was 
disowned. He is said to have erected a Scotch 
and English Quaker meeting house, and John 
Barclay is said to have been interested and 
active in its erection. John Barclay had numer- 
ous grants of land in New Jersey. He had one 
son, John, mentioned below. 

(lil) John (2), son of John (i) Barclay, 
was born at Perth Amboy, East New Jersey, in 
1702, and died at South Amboy,- New Jersey, 
February 16, 1786. He married (first) June 11, 
1725, Katherine, daughter of Charles Gordon; 
she was born June 14, 1705, and died October 
26, 1757. He married (second) in 1763, Jane 
Van Dyke. At his death he owned much real 
estate in South Amboy. In the records of the 
old Tremont church in Monmouth he is fre- 
quently referred to as Captain John Barclay, 
and is said to have been buried in the old 
Topanemus burying ground, near Marlbor- 
ough. He left a will dated May 26, 1782, which 
was proved December 24, 1790. Children, by 
first wife : David ; Anne ; John ; Charles ; Peter ; 
Robert, mentioned below ; Lydia : Katherine ; 
Richanl. 

( l\' ) Robert, son of John (2) Barclay, was 
born July 3, 1737, and baptized September 16, 
1737. He died August 2, 1818. He married 
(first) November 2, 1760, Alice Van Kirk, and 

(second) 1787, Miriam — , "who had been 

brought up in the way of the Friends' princi- 
ples." Letters of administration were granted 
on the estate of Robert Barclay on May 25, 
1827. According to family records furnished 
in 1898 by Henry C. Allen, Esq., of Trenton, 
New Jersey, Robert Barclay was born June 
22, 1737, died August 2, 1818, and married, 
October 26, 1760, Elsie Van Kirk, who was 
born May 28, 1744, and died July 29, 1785. 
Children: Lewis, born September 8, 1761 ; 
Charles, February 18, 1764; Katherine, Octo- 
ber 31, 1765; Robert, January 25, 1768; Han- 
nah, January 2, 1770; William, January 9, 
1772; John, March 9, 1774; Lydia, May 15, 
1776; David, September 19, 1778; Peter, men- 
tioned below ; Sarah, born July 26, 1783 ; Elsie, 
born July 24, 1785, died March 2. 1788. 

(V) Peter, son of Robert Barclay, was born 
March 13, 1781. He married Catharine Van 
Wickle, who was born April 12, 1788. In 1810 



68o 



NEW ENGLAND. 



he spoke of himself as of South Amboy. Chil- 
dren : Simon ; George ; Elsie ; Catharine, mar- 
ried, March 23, 1837, John A. Davison; Ann 
Maria, mentioned below; Ida, married, De- 
cember 14, 1841, Gilbert S. Denison; Au- 
gustus, Isaiah. 

(VI) Ann Maria, daughter of Peter Bar- 
clay, was born March 28, 1816, and married, 
October 4, 1837, Samuel Conover, who was 
born January 16, 1809. Children: Catherine 
A., married Charles Allen (see Allen VIII) ; 
Simon Barclay; Augustus Barclay; Ida Davi- 
son. 



Dennis Rutherford Pren- 
PRENDERGAST dergast, a native of Ire- 
land, came to Kingston, 
Pennsylvania, when a young man, about 1850. 
He married Helen Mar, daughter of Jacob and 
Ehzabeth (Chapin) Shoemaker, of Wyoming, 
Pennsylvania, and granddaughter of Solomon 
Chapin (see Chapin VI). The Shoemakers 
settled in Wyoming, Pennsylvania, in 1804. 
Children of Dennis Rutherford and Helen Mar 
Prendergast: i. Robert Emmet, mentioned be- 
low. 2. Edward Chapin, born in 1866; mar- 
ried Effie B. Pollock, and resides in Scranton. 
3. Elizabeth Shoemaker, unmarried, and resides 
in Scranton. The father died in the state of 
Washington. 

(II) Robert Emmet, son of the late Dennis 
Rutherford Prendergast, was born September 
23, 1863, at Kingston, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania. He was educated there in the public 
schools. As a boy he became a clerk in a dry 
goods store in his native town and continued 
for eight years in this line of business. For 
three years he was in the employ of the Scran- 
ton Republican as bookkeeper. For eight years 
he was engaged in the pork-packing business 
as manager of the Scranton Packing Company. 
In 1897 he established his present business in 
Scranton, manufacturing stationery and con- 
ducting a wholesale and retail stationery store 
in that city. Pie has been very successful in 
business and takes rank among the most sub- 
stantial merchants of Scranton. He is a mem- 
ber of Green Ridge Lodge, No. 597, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Scranton, and is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, being a member of the 
Scottish Rite bodies. He is also a member of 
Irem Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania. He is also a member of the New Eng- 
land Society of Northeastern Pennsylvania, of 
the Scranton Club, the Scranton Bicycle Club, 
the Temple Club and others. In politics he 
is a Republican, and he was a member of the 
common council of Scranton in 1910-11. He 
attends the Elm Park Methodist Church. He 



is unmarried. His office is at 207 Washington 
avenue, and his residence is at 418 Vine street, 
Scranton. He also has a country home at 
Elmhurst, Pennsylvania, where he spends 
about eight months of the year. 

(The Chapin Line). 

This surname is variously spelled in the early 
records of England and America, Chapin, 
Chapun, Chapinne, Chalpin, and several ex- 
planations of it have been given. Rev. R. D. 
Chapin, of Allegan, Michigan, reports an inter- 
view with a well educated Swiss physician who 
said he formerly lived in France and was at 
one time much interested in philological studies, 
especially the history of names. He stated that 
the name Chapin was one of the oldest and 
best names in France, dating from the Car- 
lovingian era, and going back at least to the 
tenth century, perhaps earlier. He gives this 
story as to its probable origin. In some feud 
skirmish of the middle ages, one who had dis- 
tinguished himself got a sword cut across his 
head, laying open his helmet or head-piece. 
For this exploit he was knighted on the field 
and dubbed Capinatus, which means "decorated 
with a hat," and his coat-of-arms was made a 
hat with a slash in it, thence the name Capi- 
natus, the particle of the law-latin Capino — 
and then by the softening process of the French 
made Capin-Chapin. Of course the root is 
Caput, whence cap and chapeau. The Chapin 
coat-of-arms tends to verify the story. 

(I) Deacon Samuel Chapin, the immigrant 
ancestor, was doubtless born in England, 
though the family, perhaps centuries before, 
came from France to England. Two immi- 
grants of this name came to New England about 
the same time and both settled in Springfield. 
David Chapin was admitted a freeman there, 
April 5, 1649, and was admitted an inhabitant 
of Boston in 1659. He was probably son of 
Deacon Samuel Chapin, though possibly a . 
brother. Deacon Samuel Chapin came from 
England to Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 1656, | 
with several children. He settled permanently at I 
Springfield, where he was admitted freeman, ,j 
June 2, 1641, and was elected to a town office in ' 
1642. The Chapins of this country are all 
descended from him, according to the best 
authorities. He was a distinguished man in 
church and state. He was deacon of the . 
Springfield church, elected in 1638, and was 1 
employed to conduct services part of the time | 
in 1656-57, when there was no minister in the j 
town. He was appointed commissioner to j 
determine small causes, October 10, 1652, and 
his coinmission was definitely extended by the 
general court in 1644. He married Cicely 
, who died February 8, 1682. He died 



NEW ENGLAND. 



November ii, 1675. His will, dated March 4, 
1674 and proved March 24, 1676, bequeathed 
to his wife, son Henry and grandson Thomas 
Gilbert. The widow's will mentions Henry 
Chapin, of Springfield, and Josiah Chapin, of 
Rraintree ; daughters Catherine, wife of Sam- 
uel Marshfield, Sarah Thomas and Hannah 
Hitchcock; Henry Gilbert. Her son Japhet 
was executor. Children: Japhet, mentioned 
below; Henry, died young, April 29, 1668; 
Henry, died August 15, 1718; Catherine, died 
February 4, 1712; David, born in England, 
probably not child of wife Cicely; Josiah, died 
September 10, 1726, at Braintree ; Sarah, died 
August 5, 1684 ; Hannah, born December 2, 
1644, at Springfield. The order of birth is not 
certain. 

(H) Japhet, son of Deacon Samuel Chapin, 
was born October 15, 1643, died February 20, 
1 712, at Chicopee, Massachusetts. He married 
(first) July 22, 1664, Abalien or Abilanah 
Cooley, who died at Chicopee, November 17, 
1710, daughter of Benjamin Cooley. The 
gravestones of Japhet and his wife have been 
removed to the new cemetery in Springfield. 
He married (second) May 31, 171 1, Dorothy 
Root, of Enfield. She married (second) in 
1720, Obadiah Miller, of Enfield. He settled 
first at Mil ford, Connecticut, where he was 
living November 16, 1669, when betook a deed 
from Captain John Pyncheon. On March 9, 
1666, John Pyncheon deeded to his father. 
Deacon Samuel Chapin, the greater part of the 
land in the valley between the Chicopee river 
and Williamsett brook. The latter piece of 
land Samuel deeded to his son Japhet, April 
16, 1673, ^nd there the latter built his house 
at the upper end of Chicopee street, northwest 
of the house lately owned by Henry Sherman. 
Japhet Chapin was in the fight at Turner's 
Falls in 1676, in King Philip's war. He was 
a volunteer and his son Thomas was grantee 
of a large tract of land given to the soldiers 
and their descendants by the general court. 
Japhet Chapin was like his father of great 
piety, a bulwark of Puritan faith. Children : 
Samuel, born July 4, 1665; Sarah, March 16, 
1667; Thomas, May 10, 1671 ; John, May 14, 
1674; Ebenezer, mentioned below; Hannah, 
June 21, 1679, died July 7, 1679; Hannah, 
July 18, 1680, taken captive by the Indians and 
kqH in Canada two years ; David, November 
16. 1682: Jonathan, February 20, 1685, died 
March i, 1686; Jonathan, September 23, 1688. 

(HI) Ebenezer, son of Japhet Chapin, was 
born in Chicopee, June 26, 1677, died in En- 
field, Connecticut. December 13, 1772. He 
married, December, 1702, Ruth, daughter of 
Abel Janes, of Northampton. She died Janu- 
ary 12, 1736. They had eleven sons, six of 



whom settled on Somors Mount and had farms 
adjoining. On the homestead in Enfield six 
generations have lived, each Ebenezer by name, 
and five generations are buried in one lot in the 
cemetery there. Children, born at Enfield : 
Rachel, August 27, 1703; Ebenezer, Septem- 
ber 2T,, 1705; Noah, October 25, 1707; Seth, 
February 27, 1709; (Catherine, January 4, 171 1 ; 
Moses, August 24, 1713 ; Aaron, September 28, 
1714; Elias, October 22, 1716; Reuben, men- 
tioned below; Charles, December 26, 1720; 
David, August 13 or 18, IJ22 ; Elisha, April 18, 
1723; Phineas, June 26, 1726. 

(IV) Reuben, son of Ebenezer Chapin, was 
b(_)rn September 13, 1718. Children: John, 
mentioned below : Sarah. Eunice, Olive, three 
others. 

(V) John, son of Reuben Chapin, married 
Hannah Rockwood. He resided in Massachu- 
setts and Connecticut until several of his fam- 
ily of twelve children were large enough to 
assist in the arduous work of a pioneer, then 
he settled in the township of Huntington, in 
the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania. His farm 
there was located pleasantly on the western 
hill and some of the original homestead is 
owned yet by his descendants. He was the 
only one of this surname in Pennsylvania, head 
of a family, when the first federal census was 
taken in 1790. He then had in his family two 
sons under sixteen and seven females. His 
name is on the list of taxpayers of Hunting- 
ton in 1796. 

(VI) Solomon, son of John Chapin, was 
born in Litchfield county, Connecticut, and 
came with his father to the Wyoming Valley, 

Pennsylvania. He married Shales. 

Their daughter, Elizabeth Chapin, married 
Jacob Shoemaker and their daughter, Helen 
Mar, married Dennis Rutherford Prendergast 
(see Prendergast I). 



Barnabas Davis, immigrant ances- 
D.W'IS tor, was born in England, and 

came to this country from Tewkes- 
bury. England, in July, 1635, in the ship 
"Blessing." He gave his age at that time as 
thirty-six years. He settled in Charlestown. 
Massachusetts, and was in the employ of John 
and William Woodcock, making several jour- 
neys to Connecticut. The records show that 
he brought suit against his employers for 
wages in 1640-41. He mentioned his father 
James and a brother Reade in England. He 
deposed, April 4, 1659, that he was aged about 
sixty years. He was a tallow chandler by 
trade. Elizabeth Davis, perhaps his first wife, 
was admitted to the church in Charlestown, 
January 8, 1635. His wife Patience died No- 
vember 15, 1690, aged eighty-two years. He 



682 



NEW ENGLAND. 



owned Lovell's Island and considerable other 
real estate. He died at Charlestown, Novem- 
ber 28, 1685. Children : Samuel, died at Gro- 
ton. December 28, 1699 ; Barnabas, aged twen- 
ty-eight in 1662; Patience; Nathaniel, aged 
forty in 1682 ; James, mentioned below. 

(II) James, son of Barnabas Davis, was 
born about 1650. He was a cordwainer by 
trade, and lived in Scituate and Charlestown, 
Massachusetts. He was of Scituate in 1675 
when he sold a house in Charlestown. He gave 
evidence "as one of the three most ancient 
inhabitants of the town" of Charlestown con- 
cerning William Phillips in 1718. He sold 
various lots of land in Charlestown between 
1675 and 1 71 5, and was owner of common 
rights in Charlestown. He married Elizabeth 
Randall, of Scituate. Children: Elizabeth, 
baptized, an adult, August 21, 1694, married 
Charles Hunnewell : William, born in Charles- 
town, February i, 1679; Hannah, April 27, 
1684: Randall, mentioned below: Nathaniel, 
December 29, 1689, died unmarried, December 
21, 1721 ; Barnabas, July 10, 1692. 

(III) Randall, son of James Davis, was 
born at Charlestown, February 3, 1686-87, and 
baptized June 20, 1714, an adult. He moved 
from Charlestown to Sudbury. He sold a 
house to Barnabas Davis in 1719-20, on School- 
house lane and Rope-makers lane, Charles- 
town. He married, December 8, 1709, Mehit- 
able Rand, who died at Sudbury, March 29, 
1790, aged one hundred and three years. Chil- 
dren, born at Charlestown : Randall, mention- 
ed below: Mehitable, baptized July 11, 1714: 
Hannah, baptized April 22, 1716: James, of 
Sudbury. 

(IV) Randall (2), son of Randall (i) 
Davis, was born in Charlestown, about 1710- 
20. He lived in Sudbury and was of that 
town, October 28, 1741, when he was among 
the petitioners for the Sudbury-Canada rights 
on account of the service of an ancestor in the 
expedition of 1690. These rights were event- 
ually located in Jay and Canton, Maine. He 
reinoved to Rindge, New Hampshire, before 
1780, and he and his wife had seats in the 
meeting house there in 1780. The history of 
Rindge says he had been there several years 
and that they removed before 1793. He mar- 
ried Susanna . Children, born in Sud- 
bury: William, born September 31 (so in rec- 
ords), 1736, died young: Amos, twin of Will- 
iam, married, at Sudbury, April 8, 1773, Ruth 
Warren, and at Rindge, December 7, 1775, 
Hannah Spaulding; Richard, mentioned be- 
low; William, April 15, 1751, came from Lin- 
coln to Rindge in 1773, married. May 10, 1774, 
Martha Whitney, and settled in Rindge. 

(V) Richard, son of Randall (2) Davis, 



was born at Sudbury, May 21, 1749. He lived 
at Lincoln, Massachusetts, whence he removed 
'" 1773 to Rindge, New Hampshire, and in 
1777 to Jaffrey, where he settled on Lot No. 
I, Range No. 2, west of the mountain. He 
married, in Lincoln, November 19, 1771, Lois, 
daughter of Solomon and Martha Whitney 
(see Whitney V). Children: Silas, born in 
Weston, August i, 1772; Solomon, April 24, 
1774: Lois, November 8, 1775, at Rindge; 
Richard, married Sally Garfield, of Jaffrey; 
James, mentioned below ; Jonah, shoe manu- 
facturer, -father of Rev. Edwin, a Universalist 
minister of Marlborough, New Hampshire. 

(VI) James (2), son of Richard Davis, was 
born in 1782, in Jaffrey, New Hampshire. He 
married Eunice Alexander, born in Troy, New 
Hampshire. Children, born at Jaffrey: Elisha, 
mentioned below ; Lois Whitney, born October 
29, 181 5, married William Learned; James 
Sumner, July 12, 1818; Mary, June 17, 1820; 
\\'illiam L., March 15, 1823; Dr. Augustus, 
December 4, 1826, died November 16, 1873, 
a physician at Scranton, Pennsylvania. 

(VII) Elisha, son of James (2) Davis, was 
born at Jaffrey, New Hampshire, March 4, 
1813, died May 17, 1888, at Keene, New 
Hampshire. He was educated in the district 
schools, and was a mechanic. He was of Nel- 
son, New Hampshire, formerly Packersfield, 
when he married, October 20, 1842, Laura A. 
Taylor, a native of Stoddard, New Hampshire. 
Children : Edwin Taylor, mentioned below ; 
William H., died at Keene, New Hampshire, 
December 18, 1870, aged sixteen years, eight 
months; George L., of Lansing, Michigan; 
Sumner D., M. D., of Jermyn, Pennsylvania. 

(VIII) Edwin Taylor, son of Elisha Davis, 
was born at Nelsoii, New Hampshire, July 24, 
1843. His early years were spent at Munson- 
ville. Nelson, and at Keene, New Hampshire. 
He received his early education in the public 
schools. For a number of years he was a 
chair manufacturer and afterward was in the 
insurance business at Scranton, Pennsylvania, 
where he died November 12, 191 1. He en- 
listed, September 27, 1864, in Company F, 
Eighteenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volun- 
teers, and was mustered out after the close of 
the civil war at Delaney House, New Hamp- 
shire, June 10, 1865. He married, March 5, 
1866, Etta E. Cressey. George W., only child, 
mentioned below. 

( IX) George Warren, son of the late Edwin 
Taylor Davis, was born at Keene, New Hamp- 
shire, September 7, 1869. He was educated 
in the public schools and high schools of Keene, 
New Hampshire, and in Pennsylvania, and at 
Wood's Business College at Scranton. Penn- 
sylvania. He began his business career as a 



NEW ENGLAND. 



clerk and bookkeeper for tlie firm of Simpson 
& Watkins. coal dealers, at Carbondale, Penn- 
sylvania. After three years he entered the 
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, from which 
he was graduated in the class of 1893, with the 
degree of Ph. G., after which he bought the 
drug store of D. T. Lewis at the corner of 
Main and Market streets, Providence, in Scran- 
ton, Pennsylvania, and continued in business 
there for about seventeen years. He sold the 
store in April, 191 1, but he is still the owner 
of the building. He is now engaged in the real 
estate business and deals in stocks and bonds. 
He is a member of Hiram Lodge, No. 261, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Scranton ; Irem 
Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 
sylvania, and has taken the thirty-second de- 
gree in Scottish Rite Masonry. He is also a 
member of the Junior Order of United Me- 
chanics, and of the New England Society of 
Northeastern Pennsylvania. In politics he is 
a Republican, and he was for a time assistant 
postmaster at Providence, Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania. He attends the Presbyterian church. 
He is unmarried. 

(The Whitney Line). 

(H) John (2) Whitney, son of John (i) 
Whitney (q. v.), the immigrant ancestor, was 
born in England in 1620, died October 12, 
1692. He came to New England with his 
father. He resided in Watertown, and was ad- 
mitted a freeman, May 26, 1647, ^t the age of 
twenty-three. He was selectman from 1673 
to 1680 inclusive. He settled in 1643 o" «! 
three-acre lot on the east side of Lexington 
street on land originally granted to E. How. 
He served as a soldier in 1675. His will was 
dated February 27, 1685, but was never proved. 
He married, in 1642, Ruth Reynolds. Chil- 
dren: John, born September 17, 1643: Ruth, 
April 15, 1645; Nathaniel, mentioned below; 
Samuel, July 26, 1648 : Mary, April 29, 1650 ; 
Joseph, January 15, 1631 ; Sarah, March 17, 
1653; Elizabeth, June 9, 1656; Hannah; Ben- 
jamin, June 28, 1660. 

(HI) Nathaniel, son of John (2) Whitney, 
was born February i, 1646, died in \\'cstiiii, 
January 7, 1732. He owned a farm in Western 
and built the first Whitney house, which stood 
for many generations. He married, March 12, 
1673, Sarah Hagar, born September 3, 1651, 
died May 7, 1746. Children: Nathaniel, men- 
tioned below; Sarah, born February 12, 1678; 
William, May 6, 1683 ; Samuel, baptized July 
17, 1687; Hannah, baptized March, 1688: Eliz- 
abeth, born December 15, 1692; Grace, 1700. 

died March 23, 1719: Mercy, married 

Greaves. 

(IV) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 



Whitney, was born at Watertown, Alassachu- 
setts, Alarch 5, 1675, died there September 23, 
1730. He lived in Weston. He married, No- 
vember 7, 1695, Mercy Robinson, born Sep- 
tember 6, 1676, died December 31, 1740. Chil- 
dren, born in Weston : Nathaniel, January 23, 
1697; Sarah, March 3, 1698; Amos, April 19, 
1701 ; Elizabeth, July 23, 1702; Jonas, De- 
cember, 1703; James, March 2, 1704; Solo- 
mon, mentioned below; Israel, about 1710; 
Susanna, baptized June 17, 1711; Samuel; 
Ebenezer, baptized April 25, 1714; Joshua, 
born March 25, 1714; David, 1716. 

(Y) Solomon, son of Nathaniel (2) Whit- 
ney, was born in Weston and baptized there 
June 17, 171 1, when he was three years of 
age. In 1773 he moved from Lincoln, Massa- 
chusetts, to Rindge, New Hampshire, and he 
was living there in 1780. He married, March 
5- ^73'^-3-- Martha Fletcher. Children, born 
in Rindge : Solomon, baptized December 14, 
1735 ; Sarah, baptized August 28, 1737; Sarah, 
baptized November 5, 1738; Abigail, baptized 
March i, 1740-41 ; Lois, baptized January i, 
1743-44, married Richard Davis (see Davis 
\') ; Martha, born May 14, 1754. 



Benjamin Crane was in Wethers- 
CRANE field, Connecticut, as early as 

1655, possibly earlier than 1655. 
In March, 1655, according to the records at 
Hartford, he was defendant in a civil suit with 
John Sadler, and in June, 1656, he was again 
defendant in a suit with Richard Montague. 
He was born about 1630, and died May 31, 
1(391. He was made freeman at Wethersfield, 
May 12, 1658. On February' 24, 1656, he re- 
ceived a grant of two and a half acres of land 
from the town, and September 14, 1664, he 
bought land in West Field of John Dixon, or 
Dickinson. On this land which he bought he 
built his house and tanneries, and by the vote 
of the town in 1704 his house was one of the 
six which were fortified. In 1660 he received 
a grant of three acres of land on Beaver 
Brook, now called Tandos Brook, and in 1670 
he drew land in the allotment. In 1664 he 
served as juror; on December 8, 1671, he 
bought land of Daniel Rose. He had more 
land south of Job Whitcomb's land on Febru- 
ary 22, 1680, and on March 25, 1680, and July 
13, 1680, he received land on the Connecticut 
river. In May. 1682, he was among tliose who 
petitioned the general court for the right to 
start a plantation in the "Wabaynassit coun- 
try," now Windham county. He married, 
.\pril 2T,. 1655, Mary, daughter of William 
and Sarah (Charles) Backus. He had a tan- 
nery about a mile below the village on tlie 
Middletown road, on the spot known as "Old 



NEW ENGLAND. 



Crane's Tannery Place." His son John suc- 
ceeded to his business. His wife died July 8, 
1717. His will was dated August 22, 1689, 
and the inventory of his estate was dated Feb- 
ruary 13, 1692. Children: Benjamin, born 
March i, 1656, drowned June 20, 1693; Jona- 
than, born December i, 1658; Joseph, April i, 
1661 ; John, mentioned below; Elijah, 1665; 
Abraham, 1668; Jacob, 1670; Israel, Novem- 
ber I, 1671 ; Mary, 1673. 

(H) John, son of Benjamin Crane, was 
born April 30, 1663. In 1691-92 he went to 
Windham with his brother Jonathan, and built 
a house there, but later returned to Wethers- 
field, where he had his father's tannery which 
he inherited. By trade he was a blacksmith. 
In 1694 he drew land in Wethersfield. He 
died October 21. 1694, aged thirty-one years. 
He married Abigail, daughter of Nathaniel 
Butler, October 27, 1692; she married (sec- 
ond) February 23, 1697, Samuel Walker, and 
in May, 1697, she and her husband were given 
power to sell enough of the estate of her for- 
mer husband to pay ofif debts. She had Abi- 
gail, Elizabeth and Sarah by her second mar- 
riage. On November 2, 1694, she was appoint- 
ed administratrix of John Crane's estate, and 
the inventory was dated April 8, 1695. On 
April 4, 1715, his son Josiah, being of age, 
received his share of the estate, and his guar- 
dian, Isaac Ryley, was discharged. Child: 
Josiah, born March 22, 1694. 

(HI) John (2), probably son of John (i) 
Crane, was born in 1689 or 1690. It is not 
unlikely that he was son by a first marriage. 
He was among the early settlers of Coventry, 
Connecticut. In October, 1743, John Crane, 
of Mansfield, and William Williams, with 
others, asked that the assembly fix a site for 
the Second Society meeting house. He mar- 
ried, October 29, 1712, Abigail, daughter of 
Peter and Mary Cross, of Mansfield ; she was 
born in Windham, June 23, 1694, and died 
September i, 1765, in Mansfield. He died 
there March i. 1765. His will, dated May 31, 
1764, proved March 16, 1765, mentions his 
wife, children and grandchildren. His wife's 
will was dated July 6. 1765, and proved Sep- 
tember 25, 1765. They were buried in the 
Gurley burial ground in North Mansfield. 
Children: John, born September 8, 1713, died 
September 20, 1713; Abigail, born October 20, 
1714; John, born October 25, 1716; Ebenezer, 
July 4, 1720; Mary, May 22, 1722; Samuel, 
April 23, 1724; Hezekiah, mentioned below; 
Deborah, Augu.st i, 1727, probably died young; 
Daniel. January 29, 1728-29, died January 4, 
1739; Ruth, December 22, 1730. 

(IV) Hezekiah, son of John (2) Crane, 
was born October 10, 1725, and died January 



8, 1795, aged seventy, in Mansfield, Con- 
necticut, where he lived all of his life. He 
doubtless lived on his father's estate, as he 
was executor of his father's will, and the rec- 
ords seem to show that he lived there and that 
his father and mother lived with him during 
the last years of their lives. He married, June 
6, 1749, Tamesin, daughter of Elisha Eldridge, 
of Mansfield; she died March 15, 1771. Chil- 
dren : Hezekiah, mentioned below ; Daniel, 
born April 14, 1752; Ruth, May i, 1753; 
Elisha, July 13, 1754; Tamesin, February 16, 
1755; Dorcas, August 28, 1757; Phillip, July 
3, 1759; Jemima, October 25, 1761 ; David E., 
December 16, 1763; Anne, December 20, 1766; 
Zerviah, May 28, 1769. 

(V) Hezekiah (2), son of Hezekiah (i) 
Crane, was born March 4, 1751, and died of 
fever at Canton, St. Lawrence county. New 
York, in 1813. His brother David E. was also 
a victim to the epidemic there at that time. 
Hezekiah lived in Mansfield, and was a farmer 
and dealer in stock. According to one author- 
ity he went to Dorset, Vermont, while still an- 
other says that he died in Mansfield. He was 
a trooper in the revolution. The Connecticut 
Rolls show (p. 479) that he was in Captain 
Isaac Sergeant's company. Major Backus's 
regiment of light horse, September-November, 

1776. This regiment served in New York, and 
was thanked by Washington "for cheerfulness 
and alacrity they have shown upon all occa- 
sions." He was also (p. 528) in the militia 
under General Gates in the northern army in 

1777, and in Captain Roswell Grant's company 
in 1778. Doubtless his full record is not given 
in the public records, which are incomplete. 
His descendants are eligible to the Sons of the 
American Revolution. He married Rachel, 
daughter of Isaac Hall, April 14, 1774; she 
was born June i, 1751. Children: Isaac, men- 
tioned below; John, born May 16, 1776; Jesse, 
May 9, 1779; Asa, April 27, 1781 ; Amasa, 
July 27, 1782; Abigail, June 11, 1784; Daniel, 
July 26, 1786: Zerviah, April 3, 1789; Anna, 
August 21, 1792. 

(VI) Isaac, son of Hezekiah (2) Crane, 
was born February 20, 1775. He lived in 
Mansfield, in the part now called Atwoodville, 
and was a weaver and manufacturer of car- 
pets, mats, robes, etc. He also had a carding 
factory. He married, January 19, 1795, Sarah, 
daughter of Solomon Abbe Jr., and widow of 

Leonard. Children : Hezekiah, bom 

December 25, 1795 ; Jesse, June 7, 1797 ; Harry, 
mentioned below ; Sophia, June i, 1802 ; Anna, 
March 30, 1806; Caroline. January 14, 1808; 
Amanda, April 6, 1809; Sarah Abbe, March 
24, 181 1 ; Martha, June 21, 1815. 

(VII) Harry, son of Isaac Crane, was born 



NEW ENGLAND. 



685 



May 10, 1799, and died October 13, 1873, aged 
seventy-three. He married Martha Barrows, 
who died January 15, 1892, aged eighty-seven. 
They Hved on the Crane homestead. Children : 
Sophronia M., born December 7, 1831, now 
deceased ; Caroline M., July 29, 1833, now de- 
ceased ; Charles B., February 29, 1835, died 
young; Isaac T., March 27, 1836, now de- 
ceased; Sarah S., December 2, 1837, died 
young; Cornelia S., March 15, 1840, died 
young ; William H., mentioned below ; Charles 
T., April 29, 1843, now living in Atwoodville, 
Connecticut; George A., March 23, 1849, now 
deceased. 

(VIII) William Henry Crane, son of Harry 
Crane, was born on the Crane homestead at 
Mansfield, Connecticut, October 24, 1841, and 
resides at Atwoodville, Mansfield, Connecticut, 
where he is engaged in farming. He married 
Amerett Clark, born 1841, died April 19, 1900, 
aged fifty-nine years one month twenty-eight 
days, daughter of Amasa and Anna (Hartson) 
Clark, of Tolland county, Connecticut. Chil- 
dren: I. Clark Henry, born May 11, 1867, mar- 
ried Emma Ellis. 2. William Burdette, men- 
tioned below. 3. Ida L., born June 17, 1872, 
died in March, 1901, she married Fred B. 
Eaton and had no children. 4. Frank Seymour, 
born November zt,, 1873, married Eva Ide, of 
Kingston, Pennsylvania, and has Ruth, Ger- 
trude and Frank S., Jr. 5. Lewis, born No- 
vember 25, 1876, died aged twenty-one years. 
6. Gladys, born November 24, 1879, died Au- 
gust 20, 1896. 7. Clarence, born January 12, 
1880, married Lulu Blaikslee. 8. Edith Ger- 
trude, born September 21, 1882, married- Fred 
Booth, and resides in New Haven, Connecti- 
cut. 9. Tracy, born November 30, 1894, living 
at Hartford, Connecticut. 

(IX) William Burdette, son of William 
Henry Crane, was born at Mansfield Center 
or Atwoodville, Connecticut, August 13, 1869. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
town and New London, Connecticut. At the 
age of fifteen he began to learn the business 
of silk manufacturing in the mill of James 
Macfarlin, at Atwoodville. A year later he 
entered the employ of O. S. Chafifee, silk manu- 
facturer at Chaffeeville. Connecticut, and later 
with his uncle, Orlo Atwood, at New London, 
Connecticut, being employed by Orlo Atwood 
& Sons, in New London, silk throwsters for 
thirteen years, during part of the time as fore- 
man. From this position he went as foreman 
to the silk factory of Belding Brothers & Com- 
pany, silk manufacturers at Belding, Michi- 
gan. He was then for a time employed at 
Bethlehem and Pottstown, Pennsylvania, as 
superintendent in the mills of Gudebrod 
Brothers, silk manufacturers. During the ne.xt 



three years he was superintendent of the silk 
mill of A. G. Turner, at Willimantic, Connecti- 
cut. In 1902 in partnership with his brother 
Frank Seymour Crane, he engaged in business 
for himself at Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania, under 
the firm name of Crane Brothers, silk throw- 
sters. His long and varied experience as 
journeyman, foreman and superintendent was 
an admirable preparation for his business 
career and the concern has been exceptionally 
prosperous from the first. The business has 
been incorporated as Crane Brothers, Inc., and 
the plant removed to Kingston, Pennsylvania, 
where the company has a large and well 
equipped factory. The capital stock is $100,- 
000. The officers are : William B. Crane, presi- 
dent ; Frank S. Crane, secretary and treasurer. 
In politics Mr. Crane is a Republican. He is 
a member of the Franklin Club, of Wilkes- 
Barre. Mr. Crane resides on Reynolds street, 
Kingston, Pennsylvania, in a handsome resi- 
dence which he completed in 1912. 

He married, May 30, 1894, Edith Louise 
Perkins, born at South Byron, New York, July 
12, 1876, daughter of Warren and Amelia 
(Willis) Perkins. Children: i. Helen Agnes, 
born at Salem, Michigan, September 30, 1896. 
2. Doris Irene, born at Willimantic, Connecti- 
cut. September 15, 1901. 3. William Burdette 
Jr., born at Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania, June 12, 
1905. 



The Von Storch family, 
VON STORCH prior to its advent in this 

country in the latter part 
of the eighteenth century, was domiciled in the 
grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a north 
German state on the shores of the Baltic sea. 
But not even here do we find the original of 
this ancient family. The earliest known an- 
cestor was Jan Persson, a Swede who was 
knighted for his services is expelling the Danes 
from his native country, probably in the days 
of Gustavus Vasa, early in the sixteenth cen- 
tury. Removing to Germany, this Jan Persson 
became the possessor of a castle and landed 
estate at Sails. From him descended Dr. John 
Gustav von Storch, councillor and burgomaster 
of Gustrow. an important city of Mecklenburg, 
whose son was Dr. Christian Theodocius von 
Storch, pastor at Lohman, ]\Iecklenburg, and 
who died in 1784, 

( I ) Heinrich Ludwig Christopher \'on 
Storch, immigrant ancestor of the American 
branch of this distinguished family, was born 
in Lohman, Mecklenburg, Germany, April 29, 
1770, son of the Rev. Dr. Christian Theodocius 
\'on Storch, before named. After his father's 
death he remained in his native country for 
ten years longer, and in 1794. at the age of 



686 



NEW ENGLAND. 



twenty-nine years, embarked for America with 
G. N. Lutyen and family. Having landed in 
Philadelpiliia, Pennsylvania, Messrs. Lutyen 
and Von Storch engaged in the fur trade, but 
meeting with financial adversity they removed 
to Lackawanna county and settled at Blake- 
ley, Von Storch later taking up three hundred 
acres of land in Providence, now a part of the 
city of Scranton, with whose subsequent his- 
tory the family has been prominently identified 
down to the present time. The next few years 
were spent between Lackawanna county and 
Philadelphia, until 1809, when he took up his 
permanent residence in Providence. In buying 
this land he was aware of the presence of coal 
upon it. He himself used it as fuel, but he 
vainly attempted to induce his neighbors and 
Philadelphians to follow his example. To them 
wood fuel was too abundant and cheap for 
any experimenting with unknown substances. 
In addition to improving his landed estate, 
Mr. Von Storch was an extensive trader, first 
in furs, with a chain of stores through the 
valley, and later as a general storekeeper, hav- 
ing probably what was the first store in Provi- 
dence. 

Mr. Von Storch married, March 5, 1810, 
Hannah Miner, born near Stonington, Con- 
necticut, July 9, 1782, daughter of William and 

(Hewett) Searle: she died May 14. 

1862, outliving her husband many years, he 
dying April 10, 1826. Her parents had gone out 
to the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, at the 
time it was claimed by Connecticut, the jour- 
ney by ox-team requiring six weeks. At the 
time of the bloody conflicts between the set- 
tlers and the Pennsylvania authorities, soon 
after the revolution, they returned to Connecti- 
cut, remaining until the disputes were ended, 
several years afterward. Mrs. Von Storch was 
an intellectual and highly capable woman, and 
successfully conducted the business after the 
death of her husband. Her brother, Corring- 
ton Searle, was a man of great ability ; he sur- 
veyed the early counties of Ohio, and later in 
life was chief justice of that state. 

Heinrich L. C. and Hannah Miner (Searle) 
Von Storch were the parents of seven sons and 
one daughter, the latter dying in infancy: I. 
Ferdinand, born December 4, 1810, died No- 
vember 21, 1868; he was a lifelong resident 
of Scranton, and organizer of the Von Storch 
Coal Company: he married Caroline J. Slo- 
cum : twelve children. 2. Theodore, born May 
19, 1812, died May 30, 1886; he was a resident 
of Providence, on his portion of the paternal 
estate ; he married Josephine D. Barney : two 
children. 3. Leopold, died in Lackawanna 
county, November 4, 1882. 4. Ludwig, died 
April 12, 1886, without issue. 5. William, born 



February 9, 1819; resided in Scranton nearly 
all his life, was proprietor of a sawmill, drug- 
gist, real estate dealer and coal mine pro- 
prietor; he married Catharine T. La Bar. 6. 
Godfrey, of whom further. 7. Justus, born 
April 15, 1824, died October 28, 1890; he was 
a prominent citizen of Scranton ; he married 
Serena Boice. Five of the sons hereinbefore 
named each received, as their share of the 
paternal estate, one hundred acres of land, and 
their underlying coal deposits have proven 
veritable mines for their descendants ; the other 
sons received $700 each. 

(H) Godfrey, sixth son of Heinrich L. C. 
and Hannah Miner (Searle) Von Storch, was 
born in Scranton, July 14, 1821, died at his 
home in that city, December 3, 1887. His 
early life was spent in farming, work on the 
Lehigh canal, and the sawmill business. He 
was for some years in the employ of the Dela- 
ware & Hudson Company until 1886, when he 
resigned in order to give his attention to his 
property interests. He married, in 1859, Mary, 
born in Tunkhannock Hollow (then Thurston 
Hollow) , Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, June 
4, 1830, daughter of Nelson and Jane (Durlin) 
Rogers. Children, born in Scranton : Belle, 
February 26, i860, unmarried; Charles Henry, 
of whom further. 

(HI) Charles Henry, only son of Godfrey 
and Mary (Rogers) Von Storch, was born in 
Scranton, Pennsylvania, March 13, 1863. He 
began his education in the public schools of 
his native city, later attended Merrill's Pre- 
paratory School, also in Scranton, and entered 
the Law School of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, from which he was graduated in 1888 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was 
admitted to the Pennsylvania bar the same 
year, and at once entered upon the practice of 
his profession. Outside the law his interests 
are chiefly educational ; in 1894 he was elected 
president of the Scranton board of education, 
for a term of four years, and he was reelected 
in 1909. With the change of the law he was 
again elected to the same office in 191 1, for a 
term of six years. In 1907, upon the organiza- 
tion of the Providence Bank, he was elected to 
the presidency of this state institution, which 
office he has since retained. He is undenomi- 
national in religion, a Republican in politics, 
and a member of the Scranton Club. 

Mr. Von Storch married, February 5, 1890, 
Caroline, born March 23, 1866, daughter of 
Francis W. and Harriet C. (Kilmer) Mott, of 
Slocum Hollow, now Scranton, Pennsylvania. 
Her paternal grandfather was the first Baptist 
minister in Scranton ; her mother's family, the 
Kilmers, are of old Knickerbocker stock from 
New York. Mr. and Mrs. Von Storch have 



NEW ENGLAND. 



687 



one son, Searle, born in Scranton, January 3, 
1899, whose Christian name is taken from his 
paternal great-grandmother, Hannah Miner 
Searle, wife of Heinrich L. C. Van Storch. 



Benjamin Scott was born in Eng- 
SCOTT land and settled at Braintree, 
Massachusetts, where as early as 
1643 he and his wife Hannah were living. 
His widow married (second), September 21, 
1647, John Harbor. Children : John, born De- 
cember 25, 1640; Peter, March 6, 1643; Ben- 
jamin, born perhaps in England ; Hannah, mar- 
ried, March 18, 1654-55, Christopher Webb; 
William, mentioned iDelow, and others prob- 
ably born in England. 

(H) William Scott, immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England probably before 1640, son 
of Benjamin Scott, of Braintree, mentioned 
above. He married, January 28, 1670, Han- 
nah AUis, of Braintree, daughter of William 
Allis, or Ellis, who settled in Braintree in 
1639, was admitted a freeman. May 18, 1640, 
was deacon of the church, removed to Hadley 
and thence to Hatfield, was lieutaiant, assist- 
ant in 1676 and died in September, 1678. Will- 
iam Scott also settled in Hadley, then Hatfield, 
in 1668. He was probably brother of John 
Scott, of Springfield. His home lot at Hat- 
field was twenty rods wide on the east side of 
the street near the north end of the street, 
opposite the homestead of Sergeant Benjamin 
Wait. Mr. Scott had another grant, January 
16, 1671, and shared in the division of com- 
mon lands, having lot 65 in the first division, 
lot 40 in the second, lot 6 in the third, lot 69 
in the fourth. The last two lots are within 
the limits of the town of Whately. When he 
settled there were already thirty families in 
the town. He fought in King Philip's war at 
Turners Falls, May 19, 1675, when William 
Allis Jr. was one of the slain. The general 
court allowed him two pounds, sixteen shill- 
ings for military expenses afterward. His 
will was not proved, but a copy has been pre- 
served at Memorial Hall, Deerfield, dated Feb- 
ruary 15, 1 716. He died in 17 18, aged about 
eighty-three years. lie bequeathed to his wife 
Hannah, children : Josiah, Hannah Broughton, 
Richard, William, Joseph and Abigail Bing- 
ham. Children : Josiah, born at Platfield, June 
18, 1671 ; Richard, February 22, 1673; Will- 
iam, November 24, 1676; Hannah, August 11, 
1679; Joseph, mentioned below; John, July 6, 
1684, died February 8, 1692 ; Mary, 1686; Me- 
hitable, September 9, 1687, died September 18, 
1687; Jonathan, November i, 1688, died No- 
vember 15, 1688; Abigail, November 23, 1689. 
(HI) Joseph, son of William Scott, was 
born March 21, 1682, at Hatfield, died in 1762. 



He succeeded to his father's estate and resided 
on the homestead. His will was dated Decem- 
ber 12, 1744, bequeathing fifty pounds each to 
seven daughters, residue to sons David and 
Joseph. He married, February 13, 1707, at 
Hatfield, Lydia Leonard, of that town. Chil- 
dren : Lydia, born February 24, 1708; Miriam, 
December 14, 1713; Ebenezer, June 15, 1716; 
David, August 18, 1717; Hepzibah, January 
12, 1719; Joseph, mentioned below; Martha, 
married Ephraim Smith ; Leonard, born about 
1726; Abigail, married Aaron Smith; Submit, 
died September 8, 1771. 

(IV) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Scott, 
was born in Hatfield in 1722, died June 4, 
1776. He settled about twenty-five rods south 
of the Whately line, just below the beginning 
of the Mother George road, where it united 
with the Deerfield road, and where at a later 
period Elijah Belden lived, on the west side 
of the Deerfield road. Later he moved to the 
Straits, where he died. It is said that while 
living at Whately, Mr. Scott saw a fine large 
deer one morning feeding where he had fod- 
dered his cows in the snow. His wife urged 
him to shoot the deer, as their supply of meat 
was very small. But he refused, saying that 
it was Sunday, and he would not profane the 
Lord's Day ; and if the Lord intended him to 
have the deer, he would send it another day. 
A few days later the deer appeared again, and 
the supply of meat was secured. His will was 
dated May 28, 1776, and proved October i 
following. He bequeathed his estate to his 
wife Margaret and thirteen children. He was 
doubtless the Joseph Scott who was in the 
French and Indian war, at the capture of Fort 
Massachusetts in 1746. Children: Ebenezer, 
born April 22, 1750; Joel, twin. October 9, 
1752; Margaret, twin of Joel; Joseph, men- 
tioned below; Gad, 1756; Lucius, 1758; Abi- 
gail, about 1760; Abraham, 1763; Hepsibah, 
1764, died May 18, 1788; Isaac, 1766, died 
young; Lydia Leonard, 1768: Submit, 1770; 
Israel, 1771. 

(V) Joseph (3), son of Joseph (2) Scott, 
was born in 1754, in Hatfield, died August 26, 
1798, at Whately. where he lived. He served 
in the revolution for two months at Ticon- 
deroga, in 1777. He married Mary Blood, 
of Pepperell, Massachusetts, and she died in 
Lanesboro, Massachusetts, May 8, 1848. Chil- 
dren, with dates of baptism : Alinda, March 13. 
1785, died December 12, 1788; Anna, Febru- 
ary. 1787, died December 10, 1788: Consider, 
June 21, 1789; Charles, June 26, 1791 ; Learned, 
mentioned below ; Andrew. September 25, 
1796; Melinda, March 31, 1799. 

(VI) Learned, son of Joseph (3) Scott, 
was born .April 6, 1794, died April I, 1873, at 



NEW ENGLAND. 



the home of his son, Rufus L. Scott, at Brook- 
lyn, New York, and was buried at Lanesboro 
in the family lot. Shortly after his marriage 
he moved to Lanesboro, Massachusets, where , 
he established himself in the marble business. 
At that time Lanesboro had the most extensive 
marble works in the state. He married, March 
5, 1821, Fanny, baptized May 10, 1801, died 
December 25, 1841, daughter of Elisha and 
Susanna Dickenson, of Amherst, Massachu- 
setts. 

The Brooklyn Daily Times of April 4, 1873, 
says of him : "He was kind, cordial and frank 
in his manner, and was universally respected 
and beloved. He was a man of sincere piety, 
and when a resident of Lanesboro was ever 
to be found at the head of all religious enter- 
prises of the place, always manifesting a deep 
interest in every movement that concerned the 
welfare of the rising generation. He could 
readily quote almost any passage in the scrip- 
tures. He died calmly, and with the full assur- 
ance that death was but the beginning of life. 
The spectacle of his departure was as instruc- 
tive as that of Addison, who called his rela- 
tives about him to see 'how a Christian could 
die'." Children: 1. Thomas Porter Dickenson, 
born August 22, 1822, died May 4, 1871, leav- 
ing one daughter, Mary Porter Scott, now a 
teacher in the public schools of Brooklyn. 2. 
Mary Fidelia, October 12, 1823, died April 12, 
1825. 3. Austin Learned, July 7, 1825, died 
March 13, 1868, at Stockton, California. 4. 
Ira, June 2, 1827, died September 9, 1828. 
5. Benjamin Franklin, March 29, 1829, died at 
Pueblo, Mexico, while in service for the LInited 
States army, August 6, 1847. 6. Susan Amelia. 
April 15, 1831. 7. WiUiam Henry, M. D„ 
March 19, 1833, at Lanesboro, unmarried, 
studied with Dr. Henry Pratt, one of leading 
physicians of western Massachusetts, and at 
Berkshire Medical College, Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, graduating at the head of his class in 
1862, had a large practice in New York, at 
first with Dr. Jared G. Baldwin, and after- 
wards alone. 8. Rufus Leonard, mentioned 
below. 9. Fanny Maria, May i, 1837; gradu- 
ating teacher, public schools of Brooklyn ; died 
August 31, 1906. ID. Harriet Fidelia, March 
15. 1840, died May 28, 1856. II. Elizabeth, 
December 20, 1841, died December 29, 1841. 

( VH) Rufus Leonard, son of Learned Scott, 
was born at Lanesboro, Massachusetts, March 
31, 1835. During his boyhood he worked on 
the farm and attended the public schools. 
Afterward he was a student at Lenox Acad- 
emy, and Williston Seminary at Easthampton, 
Massachusetts, and Charlottesville Seminary, 
Schoharie county. New York. For a number 
of years he taught school in various places in 



New Jersey, New York and Illinois, as well 
as in his native town, studying law in the mean- 
time. He was a law student in the office of 
Levi S. Chatfield, who was at one time attor- 
ney-general of New York State, and afterward 
in the office of Judge Joseph Nelson. He was 
admitted to the bar in New York in 1861, after 
graduating from the law school of the Univer- 
sity of the City of New York, and since then 
has been in active practice in Brooklyn and 
New York City. From 1877 to 1879 he was 
collector of arrears of taxes for the city of 
Brooklyn, now part of New York City. Dur- 
ing 1884 and 1885 he was alderman of Brook- 
lyn, and from October, 1886, to May, 1889, he 
was a member of the Brooklyn board of edu- 
cation. He is a member of the New York Bar 
Association and of the Brooklyn Bar Asso- 
ciation. During 1902 and 1903 he was com- 
missioner of taxes and assessments for the city 
of New York. He has always taken a keen 
interest in municipal aiifairs and national poli- 
tics, and has been especially active in promot- 
ing public improvements in New York. In 
politics he is a Democrat, in religion an Epis- 
copalian. His office is at 93 Nassau street. 
New York City. 

He married, June 26, 1866, Maria Elizabeth, 
born in New York City, November 13, 1841, 
daughter of William M. and Phebe (Weiant) 
Hull. Her parents were of Holland and Eng- 
lish descent. Children i. Howard Dickinson, 
born June 26, 1867; married, January 18, 
1902, Sadie Pecan; son, Howard Dickinson, 
born February 18, 1903; they reside at Los 
Angeles, California. 2. Clara Louise, born 
October 4, 1869, died May 8, 1903. The fol- 
lowing is from "Descendants of William Scott," 
by Orrin Peer Allen, Palmer, Massachusetts, 
1906: 

Miss Clara Louise Scott will be remembered with 
lasting interest, not only by her immediate relatives 
and friends, but by a wide circle of those who knew 
her as an enthusiastic student and educator. She 
was at the time of her death a successful teacher in 
Public School No. 11, Borough of Brooklyn. Al- 
though not compelled by necessity to earn an income, 
she determined to devote her life to the work of 
education and charity. 

In pursuit of her aims she sought to gain the full- 
est possible equipment, and to that end, after leav- 
ing public school, graduated from the Packer Col- 
legiate Institute in the class of 1889, and the Train- 
ing School for Teachers, afterwards taking a course 
in medicine and graduating in 1897 as a physician 
from the New York Medical College and Hospital 
for Women. Her practice as a physician was limited 
mostly to those who needed her services and yet were 
not aijle to give her other compensation than grati- 
tude. She spent two years in travel and study abroad, 
became proficient in the French and German lan- 
guages and gave a considerable period to Red Cross 
work in the hospitals of Zurich, Switzerland. 

During the last two years and up to the time of 









«mt 




■"7' 




^?v^ 



fe^//^ 



NEW ENGLAND. 



689 



her death she was teacher in the public school above 
named; but while so engaged she ardently pursued 
studies in Adelphi College, as well as in Harvard 
and Columbia summer schools. The strength of her 
character and the consecration of her life to her 
chosen occupation were set forth by Dr. A. Stewart 
Walsh, who knew the deceased from her childhood, 
in his memorial address at the time of her funeral. 
He spoke in part as follows: 

"Clara Louise Scott was a rare young woman and 
one whose life will long be an inspiration to all 
those who came within the scope of her influence. 
With every inducement and opportunity to enter 
upon a life of ease or social pleasures, she elected to 
divert her course from such lines that she might 
attain the joy of highest culture and the delights of 
philanthropic works. She believed the teacher's to 
be the grandest of professions, and in seeking a field 
where she might practice that profession turned 
toward that direction in which she might impress 
the largest number of receptive minds. She counted 
probable results and little regarded the burdens of 
the labors involved. 

"Long before she was compelled to lay down her 
chosen occupation those who knew her best feared 
that her constitution, in the beginning robust, was 
giving way under the stress of her ambition. She 
led her class up to within an hour of her taking to 
her final sick chamber. She was a martyr to her 
zeal. Her motive was to make every occupation a 
duty of conscience. Those who hold that every 
work worth doing is worth doing well will remem- 
ber this young woman as a fine exemplar of the 
dictum. She well illustrated also how much a de- 
voted life may accomplish in a brief period. 

"It is natural to say that her life, all told, countmg 
only thirty-three human years, was regretably short ; 
but this is because we so easily forget that the thing 
we call death ends nothing. It may change a field 
but not a destiny, a form but not a character. God s 
time is made up of substantial eternities. Clocks are 
pathetic human inventions by which in childish miser- 
liness mortals try to dole out the world's little arc 
of eternity, which we but vaguely comprehend. We 
forget so easily that 

" 'We live in deeds, not years; thoughts not breaths; 
In feelings, not in figures on the dial. 
We should count time by heart throbs ; he most lives 
Who thinks most, feels the noblest, acts the best'." 



Anthony Bessey, or Besse, the 
BESSEY immigrant ancestor, was born in 

England, in 1609, and came to 
America in the ship "Tames," saiHng from 
England in July, 1635. His descendants use 
both spellings of the name. He was a man of 
education and used to preach to the Indians. 
He was among the first to move from Lynn, 
Massachusetts, to Sandwich, on Cape Cod. 
He was before the court in 1638, and was one 
of the petitioners asking Mr. Leveredge to 
remain in Sandwich, 1655. His widow Jane 
married George Barlow. In her will, dated 
August 6, 1693, she bequeaths to her daugh- 
ters Anne Hallett, Elizabeth Bodfish, Rebecca 
Hunter, and sons Nehemiah Besse and John 
Barlow. Anthony Bessey's will, dated Febru- 
ary 10, 1656, inventory May 21, 1657, be- 
queathed to'wife Jane, daughters Dorcas, Ann, 



Mary and Elizabeth ; sons Nehemiah and 
David, providing that if his mother in England 
should send over anything as she had formerly 
done, it should be divided among all the chil- 
dren. Children : Anthony, who was of age in 
1664; Nehemiah, mentioned below; David, 
born at Sandwich, May 23, 1649; Anne, mar- 
ried Andrew Hallett ; Elizabeth, married Jo- 
seph Bodfish ; Rebecca, married Hunt- 
er ; Dorcas ; Mary. 

(II) Nehemiah, son of Anthony Bessey, 
was born as early as 1641, for he was of age in 
1662. He was a townsman of Sandwich in 
1675, the only one of the family ; was entitled 
to sliare lands at Sandwich on the list dated 
March 24, 1702; was a freeman on the list of 
1678. His name appears frequently in the 
town records and he was one of the most 

prominent citizens. He married Mary . 

Children, born at Sandwich : Mary, born No- 
vember 16, 1680; Nehemiah, mentioned below; 
Jannah, 1684-85; Robert, April 30, 1690; 
Joshua, February 14, 1692-93 ; David, Decem- 
ber 23, 1693; Benjamin, September 20, 1696; 
Ebenezer, April 30, 1699. 

(III) Nehemiah (2), son of Nehemiah (i) 
Bessey, was born at Sandwich, Massachusetts, 
July 3, 1682. He and his brothers removed 
to Wareham, Massachusetts. Robert and his 
wife joined the First Church, April 18, 1742; 
David Besse and wife, July 11, 1742; Joshua 
Besse, December 12, 1742; Benjamin Besse's 
wife Martha, July 22, 1744; Nehemiah's wife 
Sarah, April 7, 1754. Jabez and Martha also 
joined early. All were therefore in Wareham 
in the forties, and Ebenezer and others were 
there before 1740. Among the children of 
Nehemiah and Sarah was Nehemiah, mention- 
ed below. 

(IV) Nehemiah (3), son of Nehemiah (2) 
Bessey, was born about 1725, and spent his 
early years at Wareham. Thence he removed 
to Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and settled_ in 
the eastern part of the town. He married 

Sarah . Childrai, born at Bridgewater : 

Abishai, 1760, married Sally Conant ; Lucy, 
1762, married David Conant; Jonah, 1764, 
married Eunice Washburn ; John, 1766; Abra- 
ham, 1768; Adam, married Joatma Pratt; 
Sarah, 1772; Polly, 1774- Charity, who mar- 
ried Ebenezer Pratt, and Nehemiah and An- 
thony, who are mentioned below, were doubt- 
less older and born in Wareham. 

(V) Nehemiah (4) and Anthony Bessey, 
sons of Nehemiah (3) Bessey, or Bessee (as 
the name was commonly spelled at Bridge- 
water), were bom before 1760, in Wareham. 
According to the Bridgewater history they 
went to Woodstock, Windham county, Ver- 
mont The history of Woodstock tells us that 



690 



NEW ENGLAND. 



they settled on adjoining farms. Nehemiah 
lived there until 1780, and then settled at Ap- 
thorp West. Nehemiah married a sister of 
William Perry, of Pomfret, Connecticut. An- 
thony married Holmes. According to 

the first federal census both were living in 
Woodstock in 1790. The name is spelled Bessa. 
Anthony had three sons under sixteen and two 
females ; Nehemiah had three sons under six- 
teen and three females in his family. These 
were the only heads of family of this name in 
Vermont in 1790. A Molly Bessey, perhaps 
widow of one of these, is buried at Castleton, 
Vermont; she died December 29, 1839. 

(\T) Lyman Bessey, son of Nehemiah or 
Anthony, was born about 1785. The records 
of the children are not at hand. Vermont 
public records were not kept with any care or 
system. Lyman settled at Nichols, New York. 
(VII) George Bessey, son of Lyman Bes- 
sey, and grandson of Nehemiah or Anthony 
Bessey, was born about 1810, in Nichols, New 
York. He was educated in the district schools 
of his native town. He was for many years 
engaged in the lumber business with sawmills 
at Nichols. He lived at North Towanda, 
Pennsylvania, for a time. He married (first) 

Elizabeth . By his first wife he had 

several children, Hiram, Elizabeth, Delia, Alary 
and John. He married (second) Amanda 
(Staples) Walker, widow of Gilman Walker 
(see Staples). She married (first) in Danby, 
Vermont, and went with her husband to Penn- 
sylvania. By his second wife, Amanda, Mr. 
Bessey had three sons. Mr. Bessey died in 
1870, in Monroeton, Pennsylvania. 

Children by second wife: i. Albert D, born 
at Monroeton, Pennsylvania, July 8. 1848; a 
machinist by trade, died suddenly while at work 
at 21 Lincoln street, Worcester, Massachusetts, 
September 22, 1904, aged fifty-six years two 
months fourteen days, residing at that time 
at 65 Taintor street, Worcester; left a widow 
Etta L. and one daughter. Lulu S., of Oneonta, 
New York. 2. Rev. Francis Eugene, born 
1854, a Presbyterian clergj'man ; died at Dan- 
ville, Pennsylvania, June 10, 191 1, aged sixty- 
two years; married Phronia Woodburn, of 
Rome, Pennsylvania ; children. 3. Dr. Herman 
Bessey, mentioned below. 4. Florence, died 
aged twelve years. 

(VIII) Dr. Herman Bessey, son of George 
Bessey, was born at North Towanda, Brad- 
ford county, Pennsylvania, February i, 1861. 
He attended the public schools of his native 
town, and upon the death of his parents, being 
thrown upon his own resources, he then went 
to live with his uncle, Dorr Crocker, brother 
of General John S. Crocker, near Falls Church, 
Fairfax county, Virginia, and there attended 



school, and at Lewinsville, Virginia, and later 
the graded schools at Falls Church. He then 
entered Hightstown Classical Institute, of 
Hightstown, New Jersey, where he prepared 
himself for Princeton University. Entering 
P'rinceton in 1872, he was a student there for 
about one year, when upon the death of his 
uncle he was again thrown upon his own re- 
sponsibilities. Leaving Princeton he began 
teaching, and was principal of the Odessa 
public schools at Odessa, Delaware, for four 
years, and was afterwards made superintend- 
ent of the free public schools of New Castle 
county, Delaware, being appointed to this office 
by Governor Benjamin T. Biggs, in which 
capacity he continued for a period of four 
years. He then took up the study of medicine 
at the University of Pennsylvania, at Phila- 
delphia, graduating therefrom in June, 1895, 
with the degree of M. D. He also took special 
courses in obstetrics and the diseases of women 
and children, and also received a certificate 
of proficiency in medical jurisprudence. He 
then served as resident physician in one of the 
Philadelphia hospitals for a year, and in the 
fall of 1896 he located in Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he has since been engaged in the 
general practice of his chosen profession. 

Dr. Bessey was appointed by Hon. H. C. 
Evans, United States Commissioner of Pen- 
sions, an examining surgeon, March 3, 1899, 
for Scranton, Pennsylvania, a position he has 
since held. He was deputy coroner for Lacka- 
wanna county, Pennsylvania, for three years, 
1905-08. He is in general practice at Scran- 
ton, with offices at 1805 Church avenue. Dr. 
Bessey was made a Free Mason in Union 
Lodge, Middletown. Delaware, and is now a 
member of Hiram Lodge, No. 261, Free Ma- 
sons, of Scranton. He is a member of the 
Lackawanna County Medical Society; the 
Pennsylvania Medical Society, and the 'Amer- 
ican Medical Association. He is medical ex- 
aminer of the Independent Order of Foresters ; 
the Bankers Life Insurance Company of New 
York ; the American Temperance Association 
of New York City ; for the Grand Fraternity 
of the Improved Order of Heptasophs. In 
politics he is a Republican. He is a member of 
the Providence Presbyterian Church. 

He married, April 20, 1899, Matilda Mc- 
Shane, born August 14, 1863, daughter of 
Daniel and Anna McShane, of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry, of Tobyhanna, Pennsylvania. They 
have no children. 

(The staples Line). 

The Staples family is descended from an -old 
English family. As the word "staple," mean- 
ing a piece of hardware, is common, and as it 



NEW ENGLAND. 



691 



is pictured on some of the English coats-of- 
arms of the family, probably the one who first 
adopted the name was associated with staples 
in some way. Another origin of the name 
given by the family historian is that it came 
from the occupation of the first one of the 
name, who was probably in the wool business, 
known as staple, during the early history of 
England. A guild of woolen merchants in 
London, holding a charter from Edward IV., 
was called "The Staple," about 1450. Origin- 
ally the name was spelled without the "s." 
Another probable origin of the family name is 
from the French town of Etaples, formerly 
Estaples. There was a Hugh d'Estaples with 
William the Conqueror, and though no family 
has been traced from him, it is likely that 
some one from that place established a family 
in England. 

(I) John Staple, the immigrant ancestor, 
was born in England, about 1610. In 1637 he 
was in Weymouth, New England, settling in 
North Weymouth, about ten miles from Bos- 
ton. His home was at the foot of King Oak 
Hill. He was admitted a freeman May 10, 
1648, and died at Dorchester. The inventory 
of his estate was taken July 13, 1683. His 
will was dated March 18, 1681-82, and proved 
August 2, 1683. He bequeathed to his chil- 
dren. Children, born in Weymouth : John ; 
Rebecca, November 27, 1639; Abraham, men- 
tioned below; Joseph, February 19, 1641-42; 
Sarah, married Increase Sumner. 

(II) Sergeant Abraham Staples, son of 
John Staple, was born at Weymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, about 1637. He learned the trade of 
weaver at Dorchester. On March 20, 1658, 
he united with the church of Rev. Richard 
Mather, in Dorchester, and he was dismissed 
January 13, 1660, to the Weymouth church. 
In 1662 he became associated with other Wey- 
mouth men in the petition for the grant at 
Mendon. He must have settled there in the 
spring of 1663, for his son Abraham was born 
in June, the first white child born in that town. 
The first birth on record in the town filed at 
Cambridge is that of Abraham Jr. Abraham 
Staples's farm was situated near the present 
site of the Congregational church on Main 
street, long known as the Stone Tavern. It 
was owned by the Staples family for about 
one hundred and forty years. When King 
Philip's war broke out in 1675, the Staples 
family, like all the rest, had to abandon their 
home. They returned when the resettlement 
began, and built a new house. He was a ser- 
geant in the military company of the town, 
and so may have served in the Indian wars. 
In 1685 he was granted the Staples farm on 
the border of Little Pond, and this estate is 



still owned by his descendants. He served on 
various town committees, and was admitted a 
freeman in 1673. He was a man of influence 
and good character. He married. July 7, 1660, 
Mary, daughter of Robert Randall, who came 
to this country from Berkshire, England. Some 
of the records mention children of Abraham 
and Hannah, but this has been proved wrong, 
as it is known that he had but one wife. He 
died October 20, 1703, and his will was proved 
December 21, 1703. The date 1704 on his 
gravestone is also proved wrong, as well as 
that on his wife's gravestone, who died March 
2, 1712, instead of 1712-13. The stones were 
erected long after the death of the pioneers, 
and the errors are due probably to reckoning 
by subtraction, or to the change in the calen- 
dar. The descendants placed a monument on 
the grave and dedicated it with appropriate 
ceremonies October 31, 1877. The speakers 
were Rev. Carlton A. Staples, of Providence, 
Rhode Island, and Hon. Hamilton B. Staples, 
of Worcester. Massachusetts, and their ad- 
dresses were published in pamphlet form. 
Staples is only one of twenty pioneer settlers 
of Mendon whose grave is known and marked. 
He removed to Taunton in 1697, but returned 
in 1700 to Mendon, where he died. Children; 
Abraham, born in Mendon, June 14, 1663; 
Ebenezer, inherited the Mendon homestead: 
John, non compos; Jacob, married, 1690, Abi- 
gail Winter; Ephraim, born in Mendon, 1678; 
Mary, 1680; Benjamin, 1682; Hannah, 1686. 
married, 1708, John Darling. 

(HI) Abraham (2), eldest child of Abra- 
ham ( I ) Staples, was born in Mendon, the first 
native of that town, June 14, 1663. He inherit- 
ed the farm on Little Pond, and his descend- 
ants have owned it to the present time. Six 
of the name Abraham Staples in successive 
generations have owned the old place, which 
is located in what is now Uxbridge at the 
corner of what is known as "the city," south 
of the old Hartford turnpike towards the 
Wheelock factory. He bequeathed the old 
homestead to his son Abraham. He was a 
carpenter by trade. He married Mehitable, 
daughter of Samuel Hayward, of Mendon, 
whose ancestors settled early at Braintree. 
Abraham Staples died at the early age of 
forty-three, in 1706, leaving three young chil- 
dren : Mehitable. Mary and Abraham, men- 
tioned below. 

(IV) Abraham (3), Staples, son of Abra- 
ham ( 2 ) Staples, was born in Mendon, in 1705. 
He inherited the farm on Little Pond, and 
built the old gambrel-roofed house there in 
1752. Some of the older residents of LIx- 
bri'dge remember the old building. He mar- 
ried (first) in 1727, Abigail Taft, who died 



692 



NEW ENGLAND. 



in 1736, daughter of Daniel Taft, of Mcndon, or Molly, married 
granddaughter of Robert Taft, the immigrant 
ancestor of President Taft and many promi- 
nent Worcester county families. He married 
(second) Thankful, daughter of Woodland 
Thompson, first proprietor and settler on Wig- 
wam Hill. She died before 1740, and he mar- 
ried (third) in 1740, Lydia White, of Ux- 
bridge. She married (again) Chapin, 



Wright. Children 



and lived to the age of ninety-eight years. 
Abraham Staples died in 1767, but his estate 
was not finally divided until 1796, when the 
court divided it among his heirs — Abraham, 
Abigail Benson, Lydia Holbrook, Thankful 
Fletcher, Deborah Marsh, Ruth Aldrich and 
Chloe Staples. He left a large estate, and 
in his day was a man of wealth and influ- 
ence in the community. Children by first wife : 
Deborah, married Joseph Marsh ; Abigail, 
married, 1752, Benoni Benson; Mary; Abra- 
ham, mentioned below ; Lydia, married Samuel 
Holbrook. Children by second wife : Thank- 
ful, married, 1762, Asa Fletcher. Children by 
third wife, Lydia: Deborah, married, 1759, 

Joseph Marsh; Isaac, married ; 

Benson; Ruth, died young; Ruth, married 
Amos Cragin and Edward Aldrich (before 
1796); Chloe, died unmarried; Maymintal; 
Nahor, was grandfather of Rev. Carleton A. 
Staples. 

(V) Abraham (4), son of Abraham (3) 
Staples, was born about 1730, and died at 
Mendon in 1792. He was a man of wealth 
and position, called a gentleman on the records. 
He inherited the homestead. He was a mem- 
ber of the South Parish of Mendon, the Chest- 
nut Hill parish. Of the long line of Abraham 
Staples he was accounted the ablest and best 
educated. He married (first) in 1753, Mary 
Harvey, of Taunton, Massachusetts; (second) 
in 1774, Ruth Wheelock. His will was dated 
May 28, 1792, and proved September 24, 1792. 
The widow Ruth, sons Abraham, Isaac and 
Jacob, and son-in-law Seth Taft Jr., filed their 
written assent to the will. The legatees were 
wife Ruth and children: Jonathan, George, 
Isaac, Jacob, Lendoll, Abraham, Abigail Taft, 
Lydia Taft, Molly Wright, Susanna Staples. 
Jonathan, George and Isaac received twenty 
shillings each, having had their shares. One 
son settled in Pelham, Massachusetts. Jacob 
and Jonathan went to Vermont. Children : 
Jonathan, mentioned below ; George, lived in 
Mendon ; Abigail, married Artemas Taft ; 
Lydia, married Seth Taft Jr. ; Abraham, was 
executor of the will ; Jacob, removed to Wards- 
boro, Vermont, with Jonathan, and in 1790 
had two sons under sixteen and three females 
in his family, according to tlie census ; Mary 



by second wife: Ruth, Lendol, Susanna. 

(VI) Jonathan, son of Abraham (4) Staples, 
was born in Mendon. He was a soldier in the 
revolution, from Mendon, a private in Cap- 
tain Joseph Daniels' company. Colonel Joseph 
Read's regiment, Third company, Twentieth 
regiment, at Ro.xbury, in 1775; also in Cap- 
tain Peter Penniman's company, Colonel 
Wood's regiment, in April and May, 1777, in 
the Rhode Island campaign, and in the same 
company, under Colonel Job Gushing, August 
to October, 1777, and in Captain Philip Ammi- 
don's company, Colonel Tyler's regiment, July, 

1780, in Rhode Island. Soon after the revolu- 
tion he removed to Vermont. He married 
Rachel Holbrook, of Mendon, daughter of 
Thomas Holbrook. One deed appears on the 
records of Worcester county in which three 
daughters of Thomas Holbrook deed their 
rights to the estate of their father to Sylvanus 
Holbrook, probably their brother, June 21, 

1781. The grantors in this deed were John 
Benson and wife Molly (Holbrook), of Men- 
don; Jonathan Staples and wife Rachel (Hol- 
brook), of Mendon; Thaddeus Thayer and 
wife Margaret (Holbrook), of Douglas. The 
consideration was £98. In 1790 Jonathan and 
Jacob Staples were reported as of Windham 
county, Vermont, town of Wardsboro, and 
Jonathan had two sons under sixteen and three , 
females in his family. Thomas Holbrook was 
son of Sylvanus and Nancy (Cook) Holbrook, 
of Mendon. Sylvanus was born August 15, 
1685, and died at Uxbridge in 1740, a house- 
wright by trade. Deacon Peter Holbrook, 
father of Sylvanus, born September 6, 1655, 
died May 3, 1712, lived a short distance south- 
east of the village of Mendon and owned lands 

in Bellingham ; married Alice , and 

(second) after 1705, Elizabeth Pool Thomas 
Holbrook, father of Deacon Peter, resided at 
Scituate, Weymouth and Braintree, and was 

a man of wealth ; married Joanna . 

Thomas Holbrook, father of Thomas, was the 
immigrant, born in England, Settled in Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, and died in 1674-76; 
his widow Joanna died before April, 1677; he 
was selectman of Weymouth many years and 
held other offices. Jonathan Staples removed 
from Wardsboro to Danby, Vermont, and set- 
tled on the farm now or lately owned by Mar- 
tin Bromley, and was a man of energy and 
industry. Both he and his wife Rachel died in 
1840. In his later years he drew a pension 
for his revolutionary service. Children : Sally, 
.Sylvia, Ellery (mentioned below), Willard, 
Rachel, Abraham and Jonathan. 

(VII) Ellery, son of Jonathan Staples, was 



NEW ENGLAND. 



693 



born March 4, 1784; married, January i, 1810, 
Almira Skeels, born July 22, 1789, died Janu- 
ary 29, 1876. He died April 10, 1861. They 
had a family of twelve children, of whom 
eight daughters grew to maturity and married. 
Amanda, the fifth child, married (first) Gil- 
man Walker; after living in Danby a few 
years, they removed to Pennsylvania, where 
he died and she married (second) George 
Bessey (seeBessey). The birthplace of Amanda 
is stated in the record of death of her son Al- 
bert as Dorset, Vermont. 



The Ferris family was originally 
FERRIS from Leicestershire, England, and 

descended from the house of 
Feriers (Farers, Fereis or Ferris), the pro- 
genitor of whom in England was Henry de 
Feriers, son of Guillaume (William) de Feri- 
ers, master of the house of the Duke of Nor- 
mandy, who received from the Conqueror large 
grants of land in Staffordshire, Derbyshire and 
Worcestershire. It is said that Guillaume took 
a prominent part in the battle of Hastings. 
William Ferers, Earl of Derby, was a descend- 
ant, and his descendants, the Ferrers of Groby, 
bear these arms : Gules seven mascles or, a 
canton ermine. The American family uses 
this coat-of-arms : Gules a fleur de lis or a 
canton ermine with a crescent for dii¥erence. 

(I) Zachariah Ferris, the immigrant ances- 
tor, came from Reading, England, and settled 
first at Charlestown, Massachusetts. He may 
have been related to Jefl'ry Ferris, who came 
to Massachusetts and afterward settled at 
Stamford, Connecticut. He is said to have 
been a son of Samuel Ferris, but there is no 
record of Samuel in this country. Zachariah, 
however, was in Charlestown at the time of 
his marriage, November 17, 1673, to Sarah 
Blonds. He was admitted to the Charlestown 
church January 23, 1675-76, and was a soldier 
in King Philip's war in 1676. He removed to 
Stratford, Connecticut, and as "Zachariah Sr." 
joined the church there by letter from Charles- 
town, September 9, 1705. Children: i. Zach- 
ariah, mentioned below. 2. Sarah, baptized 
at Charlestown, November 12, 1677. 3. Rich- 
ard, born March 30, 1679, baptized at Old 
South Church, April 6. 3. Hannah, July 18, 
1680, baptized at Charlestown. 

(II) Zachariah (2), son of Zachariah (i) 
Ferris, was born at Charlestown, September 
24, 1676. He removed to Stratford, and died 
before 1757. He was one of the first settlers 
of New Milford, Connecticut. Tradition has 
it that his father was Samuel and his mother 
Jerusha (Reed), while another tradition gives 
the name of his mother as Sarah (Noble), but 



records do not confirm either tradition. Chil- 
dren, born at New Milford: Deborah, June 
17, 1700; Joseph, September 17, 1703; David, 
May 10, 1707 ; Benjamin, mentioned below ; 
Sarah, November 10, 1710: Hannah, August 

6, 1712; John, February 6, 1714; Zachariah, 
September 30, 1717. 

(III) Benjamin, son of Zachariah (2) Fer- 
ris, was born at New Milford, November 10, 
1709. He married. November 6, 1728, Phebe 
Beecher, of Milford. He removed to Oblong 
or Quaker Hill, Dutchess county. New York. 
He was a member and minister of the Society 
of Friends. Children, born at New Milford : 
Zebulon, May 20, 1729 ; Reed, October 7, 1730; 
Susanna, November 7, 1732; Benjamin, of 
whom further, and others. 

(IV) Benjamin (2), son of Rev. Benjamin 
( I ) Ferris, was born in 1738, in Dutchess 
county. New York. He married Mary How- 
land, a great-granddaughter of Lord Edmund 
Fitzgerald (authority of Kulp). He resided 
at Newtown, Connecticut. Among his children 
was Eber, mentioned below. 

(V) Eber, son of Benjamin (2) Ferris, 
was born in Newtown, Connecticut, May 26, 
1784. He settled in Otsego county, New York, 
and was a farmer. Among his children was 
Edwin Fitzgerald Ferris, mentioned below. 

(VI) Edwin Fitzgerald, son of Eber Ferris, 
was born February 19, 1822, at L'nadilla, New 
York. His early life was spent in Otsego 
county, where he received his education in the 
public schools, and at an academy at Coopers- 
town, New York. He removed to the Wyom- 
ing \^alley in company with the late Rev. Dr. 
Reuben Nelson, and after the opening of Wy- 
oming Seminary, September 24, 1844. was one 
of the first teachers. He resided for many 
years in Pittston, Pennsylvania, and in 1847 
was superintendent for Lord and John L. But- 
ler during their early coal operations. He 
subsequently engaged in the milling business 
and was in partnership successively with James 
Mott, Theodore Strong, J. A. Wisner and 
Charles Steele until the summer of 1861, when 
he was appointed to a position in the civil serv- 
ice at Washington. He died at Pittston, June 

7, 1877. He married, December 7, 1847, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Ransom) 
Steele, granddaughter of Colonel George Pal- 
mer Ransom (see Ransom). Children: i. 
George S., mentioned below. 2. Margaret, 
married Dr. Augustus F. McKay; she died in 
Colorado Springs. 3. Ella, married Thomas 
M. Sharkey; she died in New York. 

(VII) Hon. George Steele Ferris, son of 
Edwin Fitzgerald Ferris, was born at Pitts- 
ton, Luzerne county. Pennsylvania. He attend- 



694 



NEW ENGLAND. 



ed the public schools, and Columbia College, 
Washington, D. C, and was graduated from 
Alleghany College, Meadville, Pennsylvania, 
in 1869. In 1870 and 1871 he was a clerk in 
the Treasury Department, Washington, and at 
the same time a law student in the Columbian 
Law School of that city (now George Wash- 
ington L'niversity), graduating with the degree 
of LL. B. in June, 1871. In the same year he 
was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
of the District of Columbia. He returned to 
Pittston and became a law clerk in the office 
of C. S. Stark, and was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, February 19, 1872. He took 
a position of leadership at the bar, and in 
1900 was elected judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas of Luzerne county, and in the spring 
of 1910, upon the death of Judge John Lynch, 
he became president judge, serving in that 
capacity until the end of his term in January, 
1912, since which time Judge Ferris has been 
engaged in the general practice of law with an 
office in Wilkes-Barre. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. He is a member of the New Eng- 
land Society of Northeastern Pennsylvania. 
He was for a number of years a trustee of the 
First Presbyterian Church of West Pittston, 
and was for a period of nine years a school 
director of that borough. He has also served 
as a trustee of the Pittston Hospital since its 
organization. 

He married, September i, 1875, Ada, daugh- 
ter of Lewis G. Stark, of Nicholson, Wyoming 
county. Pennsylvania. Judge and Mrs. Ferris 
have one child, Edwin Fitzgerald, born in West 
Pittston, May 18, 1878, now assistant presi- 
dent of Scranton Truth Company: married 
Mary Elizabeth Cornelia Galpin. Judge Ferris 
resides at 104 Susquehanna avenue, Pittston, 
Pennsylvania. 

Lewis G. Stark, father of Ada (Stark) Fer- 
ris, was a son of William, who was born Janu- 
ary 13, 1791, served in the war of 1812. and 
lived to an advanced age. William Stark was 
son of Nathan, who was born December 28, 
1768, and married Dorcas Dixon ; died May 23, 
1837. William Stark, father of Nathan, came 
to Pennsylvania from Dutchess county, New 
York, and settled on the Tunkhannock creek, 
now in Wyoming county, Pennsylvania : mar- 
ried Polly Cary, and died about 1795. Chris- 
topher Stark, father of William, lived in 
Dutchess county. New York, and was an aged 
man when he came to the Wyoming Valley 
with his family in 1769. He died in 1771. In 
the Wyoming battle and massacre, David and 
Aaron, sons of Christopher, fell; Aaron Jr., 
son of James, escaped, and returned to New 
York. James, another son of Christopher died 
July 20, 1777. William Stark, father of Chris- 



topher, was a son of the immigrant ancestor, 
who was in Windsor, Connecticut, in 1643, in 
Mystic in 1653. Aaron Stark took the free- 
man's oath at Stonington, Connecticut, in May, 
1666, and in 1669 was a freeman of New Lon- 
don, Connecticut, where he died in 1685. 

(The Ransom Line). 

( I ) Robert Ransom, the American progeni- 
tor, was born in England, where the family 
was prominent from early times, especially in 
Ipswich, in Kent, Sussex, and other eastern 
counties. He came to this country before 
1654 and settled in Plymouth. He was a 
member of the church, and was admitted a ' 
freeman in 1657, but he rebelled against the 
bigotry and intolerance of the Puritan govern- 
ment and was often in court in his younger 
days. He resided at Sandwich for a time and 
was there in 1654, an apprentice of Thomas 
Dexter Jr., who treated him harshly and whom 
he had before the court. Afterward he bought 
his time of his employer. He was in court in 
1665 charged with fencing a piece of common 
land, evidently a charge based on some land 
title dispute, and also for calling William 
Hawkins a rogue, which perhaps was the truth. 
In 1669-70 he was in court for striking John 
Tilson, and there is nothing to prove that Til- 
son did not deserve a thrashing. In the same 
year he was arrested for airing his unfavor- 
able opinion of the governor. One could not 
criticize public officers and ministers with im- 
punity in those days. In 1673 John Andi-ews 
was arrested for assaulting him, and he was 
again in court for using abusive language. He 
was once arrested for selling rum without a 
license (innkeeper's) and he was in the same 
company as many of the most prominent men 
of the colonies. In 1691 he had trouble with 
John Doty. All these cases, which the gene- 
alogist has hunted up, merely show that Ran- 
som was somewhat turbulent and independent, 
had a good old English temper and flow of 
language. He probably had an unhappy child- 
hood, for he came here an apprentice without 
relatives, as far as we can learn. His master 
was cruel. In later life he was quiet and re- 
spected, an officer of the town, and a man of 
property. His children intermarried with 
some of the most prominent families. In later 
years he lived at Lakeville, Middleborough, 
Plymouth county, now the town of Plympton. 
In 1686 he deeded land to his son Robert Jr. 
He was a highway surveyor in 1675. He mar- 
ried Susanna . Children : Mathew, 

born at Sandwich, about 1661 ; Joshua, about 
1663 : Robert, mentioned below ; Hannah, mar- 
ried Eliezer Jackson ; Mercy, married Samuel 
^^'atcrman ; Samuel, married IMercy Dunham ; 
Mary. 



NEW ENGLAND. 



695 



(II) Robert (2), son of Robert (i) Ran- 
som, was born about 1668, at Lakenham (Lake- 
ville). now Plympton, then Aliddleboro, Mas- 
sachusetts. He married, in 1689, Anna, daugh- 
ter of Deacon Waterman, of Halifax. She 
survived him and administered his estate. The 
estate was divided March 13, 1723-24. His 
descendants scattered widely in I\Iassachusetts, 
Vermont, Connecticut and western New York, 
and also in the vicinity of Saugerties and 
Poughkeepsie, New York. Children, born at 
Middleborough : Abigail, born June 7, 1691, 
married Nathaniel Thomas: Samuel, 1693, 

'married, December 12, 1717, Abigail Richards; 
Robert, mentioned below ; Lydia, February 26, 
1700; Ebenezer, September 6, 1702; Mary, 
June 9, 1705: Joseph, December 22, 1709; 
Anna, November 18. 171 1: Deborah, May 3, 
1714. 

(III) Robert (3), son of Robert (2) Ran- 
som, was liorn in Middleborough, Septanber 
i.> "^95- He married (first) August 30, 1719, 
Sarah Thomas ; (second) in 1729, Sarah Chyles 
(Childs). Among their children was Samuel, 
mentioned below. 

flV) Captain Samuel Ransom, son of Rob- 
ert (3) Ransom, was born at Middleboro or 
riympton, April 10, 1738. He settled in 
Canaan, Litchfield county, Connecticut, where 
he was living as early as May 6, 1756, when 
he married Esther Lawrence ; she was born in 
1739, in Windham county, Connecticut. In 
1758 the town of Norfolk was set off from 
Canaan, and here he bought land and lived 
until he removed to the Wyoming \"alley with 
the Connecticut settlers in 1773, and on this 
farm all his children except the youngest were 
born. The farm was near Doolittle Pond. He 
was evidently prosperous and influential. In 
less than six months after coming to Wyoming 
Valley he was established as a prominent and 
leading citizen, and was elected selectman of 
the town of Westmoreland and also surveyor 
of highways. He was active in the controversy 
over land titles due to the conflict in juris- 
diction between Pennsylvania and Connecticut. 
He was captain of a company in the revolution, 
August 26, 1776, in Westmoreland county, 
Pennsylvania, and served in New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania. He was commissioned captain 
of the Third Company. Twenty-fourth Regi- 
ment, Connecticut militia (in Pennsylvania, 
then part of Litchfield county). He hauled 
the first logs for the fort at Garrison Hill, 
Plymouth. Pennsylvania, and was commission- 
ed captain by Congress, August 26, 1776, of 
the Second Independent Company, attached to 
the Connecticut Line. The company joined 
^^'ashington at ]\Iorristown. New Jersey, and 



was first under fire in January, 1777, at the 
battle of Millstone, New Jersey, under Gen- 
eral Dickinson. He took part in tlie battles 
of Brandywine, Germantown, Bound Brook, 
Mud Fort, and other lesser engagements. In 
October, 1777, his company was reduced by 
casualties to sixty-two men. During the win- 
ter they were with the main army in camp at 
Morristown. In the following June he re- 
signed to assist in protecting his home in the 
Wyoming A^alley against the British and In- 
dians under General John Butler. He reached 
home on the morning of the massacre and vol- 
unteered under General Zebulon Butler. In 
the battle he was with Whittlesey's company, 
on the extreme left. He was one of the eleven 
officers killed. Every captain of the six com- 
panies was found dead at the front of the line. 
The place where they fell is about a mile above 
the Wyoming station of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western railroad station, and very 
nearly on the line of the tracks. Captain Ran- 
som's body was found near Fort Wintermoot, 
with a musket ball through his thigh, his head 
severed, and his whole body scarred with 
gashes. His name heads the list of the killed 
on the monument erected to the memory of 
those who fell. The town of Ransom in Lack- 
awanna county was named for him. His house 
was burned and his family fled, but afterward 
returned and claimed their land. After his 
death his widow married Captain James Bid- 
lack Sr., and is said to have returned to Nor- 
folk, Connecticut, where she probably died. 

(\') Colonel George Palmer Ransom, son 
of Captain Samuel Ransom, went to the \\'y- 
oming Valley with his father in 1773, at the 
age of eleven. When he was fourteen he en- 
listed in his father's company and served with 
it through the revolutionary war. After the 
resignation of Captains Ransom and Durkee 
their companies were merged into one under 
Lieutenant (afterward Captain) Spalding (p. 
266, Conn. Soldiers in the Revolution), and 
on the day of the massacre. July 3. 1778. was 
hastening to the scaie of action, but was still 
forty-five miles distant, at Shupp's, on the Po- 
cono. Ransom was with his company on the 
day of the battle, and helped bury the dead, 
among whom was his own father. Fie was 
taken prisoner December 6. 1780. when eight- 
een years old. by Butler's Rangers, and with 
five others sent to Montreal, suffering grievous 
hardship on the way. In June. 1781. he and 
several others escaped and wandered through 
the dense wilderness towards Lake Champlain, 
which they reached after three days and nights 
of intense suffering from fatigue and hunger. 
They lived on snakes and frogs. He took 



6g6 



NEW ENGLAND. 



refuge at the house of a kinsman at Putney, 
Vermont, and when rested and recovered re- 
turned to Connecticut to rejoin his company. 
He was in Sulhvan's campaign up the Susque- 
hanna Valley after the Indians, and afterwards 
was stationed at West Point, New York, where 
he received an honorable discharge at the end 
of the war. 

He married (first) Olive Utley, of Taunton, 
Massachusetts, during the war, and at the end of 
the war he took his wife and child to Plymouth, 
Pennsylvania, his wife riding horseback and 
carrying her infant daughter Sarah, who mar- 
ried Joseph Steele. For sixty-five years after 
the war George Palmer Ransom was an honor- 
ed and substantial citizen of Plymouth, and for 
many years held a commission as colonel of 
militia of Luzerne county. He died in his 
eighty-ninth year in 1850. His first wife died 
July 14, 1793, aged thirty-three, and he mar- 
ried (second) . 

Sarah Ransom, eldest daughter by the first 
wife, was born at Taunton, Massachusetts, 
September 11, 1784; married. May i, 1800, 
Joseph Steele, of New Buffalo, Pennsylvania. 
Margaret, her youngest daughter, born June 
23, 1826, at Hanover township, Luzerne coun- 
ty, married, December 7, 1847, Edwin Fitz- 
gerald Ferris (see Ferris). 



This family is said to be of Welsh 
DAY origin, and the name is said to be a 

place name, from the river Dee in 
Wales. In 1592 arms were confirmed to Will- 
iam Day, B. D., provost of Eton College and 
the Dean of Windsor. He was said to be de- 
scended from the Dees of Wales, viz., being 
younger son of Richard Day, who was the 
son of Nicholas Day, the son of John Dee 
(called by the English Daye). He was the son 
of Morgan Dee, younger brother to Richard 
Dee, Welshman. There were at least eight 
immigrants of the name to New England ; Rob- 
ert, of Cambridge, mentioned below ; Robert, 
of Ipswich; Nathaniel, of Ipswich; Stephen, 
of Cambridge; Wentworth, of Boston; Ralph, 
of Dedham ; Matthew, of Cambridge ; An- 
thony, of Gloucester. 

(I) Robert Day, immigrant ancestor of this 
branch of the family, was born in England and 
came to New England on the ship "Hopewell" 
in April, 1634. He settled first at Cambridge 
and was admitted a freeman, May 6, 1635. He 
went to Hartford, Connecticut, no doubt with 
Rev. Mr. Hooker's company, and was a resi- 
dent there in 1639. His name is on the monu- 
ment erected to the memory of the founders 
of that city. His will was dated May 20, 1648, 
and inventory of the estate was filed October 



14, 1648. He married Editha Stebbins, sister 
of Deacon Edward Stebbins, of Hartford. She 
married (second) Deacon John Maynard, and 
(third) in 1658, Elizur Holyoke, of Spring- 
field, where she died October 24, 1688. Chil- 
dren : Thomas, of Springfield ; John, mentioned 
below ; Sarah, killed with her son Joseph by 
the Indians, September 19, 1677 ; Mary. 

(II) John, son of Robert Day, married 
Sarah Maynard, of Hartford. His will was 
dated November 16, 1725, when he was "ad- 
vanced in years," and proved May 6, 1730. 
He owned a share in a grist or saw mill, which 
he bequeathed to his son William. Children : 
Joseph, died 1696; John, mentioned below; 
Thomas ; Mary ; Maynard ; Sarah, baptized 
September 19, 1686 ; William, baptized April 
24, 1692; Joseph, baptized June 14, 1699. 

(HI) John (2), son of John (i) Day, was 
born in 1677, died November 4, 1752, aged 
seventy-five. He removed to Colchester, Con- 
necticut, about 1701-02. He married (first) 
January 21, 1696, Grace Spencer, of Hartford, 
who died May 12, 1714, in Colchester. He 
married (second) Mary , who died No- 
vember 2, 1749, aged seventy-four. Children, 
all by first wife, the first three born in Hart- 
ford : Lydia, born April 11, 1698; Mary, Au- 
gust 14, 1699; John, June 6, 1701. Born in 
Colchester: Joseph, September 27, 1702; Ben- 
jamin, February 7, 1704; Editha, September 
10, 1705; Daniel, March 9, 1709, died 1712; 
David, July 18, 1710; Abraham, mentioned 
below; Isaac, May 17, 1713; Daniel. 

(IV) Abraham, son of John (2) Day, was 
born in Colchester, Connecticut. March 17, 
1712, died March 18, 1792, aged eighty. He 
married, November 20, 1740, Irene Foot, who 
died August 7, 1809. He lived in Colchester. 
Qiildren: Ephraim, born July 10, 1741 ; Ezra, 
April 22, 1743; Nehemiah, mentioned below; 
Alaraham, September 20, 1747; Elisha, Janu- 
ary 30, 1749; Lucy, May 14, 1752; Elijah, 
December i, 1754; Irene, March 7, 1757; 
Sarah, March 26, 1759; Oliver, September 12, 
1761. 

(V) Nehemiah, son of Abraham Day, was 
born in Colchester, March 5, 1745, died July 
5, 1818. He removed to Dalton, Massachu- 
setts, after the revolution. He was in the 
revolution in the second company under Cap- 
tain George Pitkin, of Hartford, in Colonel 
Hinman's regiment, and answered the Lexing- 
ton Alarm, under Amos Jones, captain, April 
19. 1775: also in Captain Simon's company. 
Colonel Erastus Wolcott's regiment, in 1776. 
He married, August 21, 1766, Dimmie, Dimis